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VOLUME XCIIf— NO. 92.
MR. ROOSEVELT DEFENDS HIS COURSE IN APPOINTING COLORED MEN TO OFFICE IN THE SOUTHERN STATES / certainly will not treat mere color as a permanent bar to holding office, any more than I could so treat "creed or birthplace— always provided that in other respects the applicant or incumbent is a worthy and well-behaved American citizen. Just as little will I treat it as conferring a right to hold office. I have scant sympathy with the man 'of mere theory, who refuses to face facts; but do you not think that in the long run tt ts safer for everybody if zvc act on the motto, ''All men up," rather than on that of "Some men down"* — Extract from a letter by President Roosevelt to' a Southern editor. President Re= plies to His Critics. Race or Creed No Bar to Office. Will Continue His Present Policy. ATLANTA. Ga., March. L— The follow frp Jester' -frcm President Roosevelt to "the edJtar cf the Constitution is in reply ti;&Tequest 'for an expression concerning thi recer,t letter from Harry Stillwell Ed. wards Vf Macon. in which _ Edwards made a -statement 6f the President's position ¦ in the matter*- of Federal appointments in* the South, balding that the President "had' been misunderstood. -.fretldtnt' Roosevelt writes : '"White House, Washington, D. C, Feb ruary 24. J3D3. ' ¦••Hon; Clark Howell. lifiitor of the Con stitution, Atlartita, Ga.— Dear Mr. How eHf-A* .to. Federal appointments in the S-rjsith: -Franlrtv.-it seems tb me that my appointments speak for. themselves and *h;-it 'rr**- pejicy as _ self-explanatory. So, iraj- from feeling that they need* the Slightest apology or justification, # xny positiorr is tlfat on tht» strength of what <! havt done;I hare the riglil to claim th«j n./pcrr. jj «IJ good, citizens who wish rot-cub' a standard T>f Federal'serV 'irt'-, but fajir and *equitj^>le deaJingr to the F<«tJi. ««« *v<sJI as to tiie North and a. pettcy of'Conh'iWte-nt justice anil gr>od *rfll l<«arii all •men. I ' \ "In <r.^kin£ appointments I Have sought t'<_. conj*<Jfr Jhe feeCng £>t the 'people of ¦each locality so far as* I. c'ould consistent ly do so, without sacrificing'* principle. Tip .prime tests 1 have applied' have' been th«»£e of" . character, litness ¦ and bbillty. and when I* have beern dissatisfied ¦with what ha,E l«cc*n offered within my own party lfm>s". i "have "without hesitation £Cne to the opposite party; and you are. of- Scourse, Aware that I have repeatedly d<5ne thin- in your own State of Georgia. MESE COLOB NO BAB. -•« certainly -will not treat mere color &i* a prrmaixyit bar to holding office, f>-n; more than I could so treat creed or Wrfhplace— always provided that in- other Respects ih<i applicant .<ir incumbent is a ; worthy -and wc-il-bohaved American lit'.zrn. Just as little »1U I treat It as conferring a right to hold office. I have «-cj.nt sympathy with ' the man of mere theory, who refuses to far-e facts; but <k- you* not think that- in the long run It •Is .>-afer for everybody if we act on the roorio, -'All men up* rather than on that v? 'Some mfn down?' "I ask you to judge not by what I say. hut what during the • last seventeen momhs I l.ave actually done. In your own State of Georgia you are competent to jmige from" your own experience. In the great bulk of' the cases I have reappointed President MeKinley'* appointees. The rhanges I have made were, as I think vou will agree, changes for the better aid not for the worse. It happens I have appointed a white man to succeed a col crr»d man as postmaster at Athens- and •surveyor et Atlanta. In South Carolina I have similarly appointed a white post m:<!=tcr to succeed a colored postmaster. Again, In South Carolina. I have nominat ed a colored man to fill :*. vacancy in the .position cf collector/ of the port of Charleston, just as lir-GeorgiA .1 have re appointed the colored man who is now Kf:rvir.jr as c-ollector of the port of Savan nah. Both are fit men. Why the appoint ment of one should cause any more ex citement than the appointment of the other I am wholly at a loss to imagine. GUIDED BY ABLE ADVISEES. "I^nef^l hardly say that, to connect *.ther of theee appointments, or any or ell my appointments, or my actions in up holding the law at Indlanola, with such questions Jris 'social equality,' and 'negro 3'omination," is as absurd as to connect them with the nebular hypothesis or the theory of atoms. "I'have consulted, freely with your own Senators and Congressmen as to the char acter and capacity of any appointees in Georgia concerning whom there was question. My party advisers in the State h,av<? been Major Hanson of Macon, Wal ter Johnson of Atlanta— both of them ex- Confederate sdlOiers-and Harry Stillwell Edwards of Macon. I believe you will agree with me that in no State would It be possible to find centlemen abler and more upright or better qualified to fill the positions they have filled with reference to me In every instance where these gen tlemen have united in making a recom mendation I have been able to follow their advice^ ¦?Am I" not right in eaying that the Fed eral office-holders whom I have appointed throughout your State, as a body, are men and women of a. high order of efficiency and integrity? If you know of any Fed eral office-holder in Georgia of whom this Is not true, pray let me know at once. I * Continued on Page 2, Column 3. The San Francisco Call. LABOR UNION IDEA SEIZES "HIRED MAN" Farm Employes in Central States Organize. Will Demand Heavy In crease in Pay for Their Toil. Crisis To Come When Crops Await Harvest in the Autumn. Special Dispatch to The Call. CHICAGO. March 1.— Farmers in the Central States are confronted with a new terror. The hired man, the "hand" and the "hobo," who toils when stress of cir cumstances compels, are forming labor unions. Frederick W. Job, who returned yesterday from a trip through Illinois or ganizing employers' association's, says the farmers are nocking to the new associa tions by the hundreds in the hope of find ing protection against thet demands of ¦wage workers. "The regular hired men have been going into unions rapidly," he said, "and, fur thermore, all chance "hoboes," who will toil occasionally and to whom the farm ers in all Central and Western States look for help in the rush' seasons, have given in their. jqames. " "Stubble chasers,' who rpam from one section to another, following the harvest, art organizing. These men do most of the work of gathering grain in Kansas, Ne braska and the Dakotas. Then there is another class, which appears, like birds of passage, with the first warm weather that marks the opening of spring. With out them farmers would not get their spring plowing done in time. The hands will demand increased wages." Regular hands who work the year around . will demand, it is said, $35 a month and board. For such services in Illinois the pay is $20 a month. The wage scale is said to include thrashers, ccrnhuskers, plowmen, binders, stock la borers and all men employed ¦ about the farms. SNOWBOUND PASSENGERS TELL THBILLING STORIES B«ach St. John After Having Been Practically Imprisoned for Sev enteen Days. ST. JOHN, N. F., March l.-One of the two snowbound .express trains returned here to-day. The train left this city sev enteen days ago, and only succeeded in getting half-way across the island. The passengers tell thrilling stories of their experiences amid the* snow drifts. The other express is still stuck fast, but the passengers left it and walked across thir ty miles of snow fields to an open section of the line, and will reach here the middle or' the week.^,"" LONDON COUBT UPHOLDS THE SUNDAY NEWSPAPEBS Decides That the Publishers Do Not Infringe on the Lord's Day Observance. LONDON. . March 1.— By a declsiqn of the city of London court English news paper proprietors In the eye of the law are manufacturers, and as such do not. Infringe on the Lord's day observance act by publishing Sunday papers. Tills im portant and somewhat curious decision came up through a suit brought by Lloyd's Weekly to recover payment for Sunday papers delivered to a country news agent who had refused to pay under the pretext that the laws made the claim Invalid. Judge Rentol held that the Sun day papers did not come under the head of. "works of necessity," but as the Sun day act only referred to contracts entered into by a "tradesman,' workman or la borer," the proprietors of Lloyd's Weekiy, as manufacturers, were exempt from the accusation of illegality and were entitled to their money. LAVISH WITH AMEBICAN GOLD ON BBITISH SOIL CALCUTTA, March L-Henry Phipps, director of the Carnegie Steel Company, who on February 1 grave Lord Curzon ;i(f, 000 to be devoted to some practical object for scientific research promising to be of enduring benefit to India, and who on February 3 gave Lady Curzon, wife of the Viceroy. $10,000 for her Victorial me morial midwifery fund, handed to Lord Curzon to-day a further sum of $50,000 for the promotion of agriculture and scientific education. Deafness Annoys the Duchess. VIENNA. March L— The Duchess of Marlborough, accompanied by Lady Norah Churchill, arrived here to-night for a stay of six weeks. She will take a fur ther course of treatment from Dr. Mueller for deafness arising from catarrh, from which she is Buffering. SAN FBANCISCO; MQND&Y, MARCH 2, 1903. DEMOCRATS WILL FILIBUSTER TO THE END OF THE SESSION Obstructive Tactics of the Minority in Congress Make It Certain That Much Important Legislation Must Go Over, Until the Lawmakers Again Convene •XT JT C% ASHINGTON. March L— The m m § Democrats of the House have B JB J decided to prosecute their filibuster until Congress ex pires by limitation at noon on March 4, and the remaining three days of the session promise to be largely repetitions of the last- three— that Is, all business will have to be transacted In the face of every obstacle which the minority can interpose. But even by the laborious processes to which the majority will be put It is believed that ample time remains to get through the conference report on the remaining five appropriation bills. There is slim chance for much beyond that, so far as the House is' concerned. . Twenty-seven bills with Senate amendments are on the Speaker's table. One or two of these may get through, but the great majority are doomed to die where they are. The one bill in which the Republican leaders are particularly, interested Is the Aldrich financial bill, and If it comes over from the Senate a way will be , found, probably through the operation of a spe cial rule, to obtain action on it. The complications arising out of the fact that a hostile committee, that on Banking and Currency, has Jurisdiction over the sub ject could be overcome by a rule.' It Is believed that the immigration bill, which passed the Senate yesterday In amended form, will be acted upon v BAD EFFECT OF TIE-UP. One of the things, that gives the Re publican leaders grave consideration .In these closing hours of the session is the weakness of the' position of the House conferees on the appropriation bills. With the present tie-up in, the House, the House conferees cannot go back to the House for .'instructions \ without'' a j com plete agreement,'-; except at the \ price of great risk and delay, v- The Senate con ferees have not, been • slow' to take ad vantage off this situations-it Is said, : and believing that .the • *Hquse<- is * at . their mercy they jare:. lnsiSsfing f; on proposi tions, which, the'; House .conferees '! say they would V t be[ forced^ to ; abandon ' if tho House could-^bV-appealed to to^uphold the hands of ; its ¦representatives.' The •House-'to-day vh.eld ; a ,four^ hours' session andi put 'the; District of ¦ Columbia appropriation bill' through "Its last parlia mentary stagevin^the^face -of the 1 Demo cratic'filibuster.; The previous ¦¦ question on the conference>report'on the Alaskan homestead' bill'- was; ordered and the vote on its adoption ¦will be', taken when the House reconvenes at 11 o'clock to-morrow. That was 'the "net "resuit'of the Sunday session. fv^ ! . ¦ . . ,Tt; ; ? Although. it: was. Sunday. by. the calendar it was still Thursday," February 26, accord ing to parliamentary' fiction." * The "Demo crats put a'block in the legislative wheel at every -opportunity 'and it required six rollcalls ! to ~- acco'mplish what , was done to-day. Large crowds ; watched .the pro ceedings from the galleries. FIGHT ON- EVEBY MOVE, v : When Speaker J Henderson ' dropped I the gavel at n v on -Richardson, .the: minority leader,; was •onhis~feet. \ He announced thatthere evidently" was no quorum'pres eht and that the. House could not do busi ness on Sunday without a' quorum. There-] upon, on motion: of ;Payne, * the ;. majority' leader,, a'calU'of (the^House" was i : ordered/ The doors - were -, closedf and '. the v sergeant at-arms waV, Instructed t to-:brlhg; In f ab sentees. At the t c6ncluslon.*of, the [call- 241 members had appearedT-more : than a quo-' rum— and -McLeary^of ' Minnesota' called STATESMEN ."WHO FIGURE PROMI .NBNTLY. • IN .THE PARTISAN ; STRIFE IN CONGRESS. up the conferees' report on the District of Columbia appropriation bill. Underwood of Alabama attempted to in terpose'the point that the order had not been, completed, but the Speaker ruled that, a quorum having appeared, business could proceed. The doors, which mean time had been opened, were again closed by the direction of the Speaker on Un derwood's point of order that further proceedings under this call had not been dispensed t with . by the action of the House. After a brief explanation of . the report, ! against the j protests ' of ' various Democrats who desired to be heard. It was adopted— 144 to 59. ' : ' V ' • There was another rollcall In ordering the previous question on the Alaskan homestead bill, which was presented by Lacy CR-) of Iowa. A half-dozen points of order raised; by the Democrats were ruled out and the chair declined to enter tain all appeals, on the ground that they were dilatory. • " . ,* :\ SENATE'S WOBK UNFINISHED. The Senate has more than enough work to keep it occupied '. during the last week of L the session;- and, do the best it may, there will be much left undone when tne gavel 'of- the. 'president pro tem. shall fair at the close of the final sitting at noon on ..Wednesday. The calendar even at this late day. Is auite full, and there are - many; more . bills in . committee than have been reported out Tuesday's ses sion . will be continued * until .noon on Wednesday, -; and • the Senate will be in almost continual session day and night until' then., . Aside' from the : appropriation bills and conference . reports, . preference .will be 'glvcn.to : !the;Aldrich .bond ¦ deposit bill. Senator Aldrich -expressed. confidence that his' bill ' would f pass ' to-morrow, but some of .the ; Democratic ¦ Senators say this . is out", of; the_ question because of the num- KILLS JAILER AND DASHES TO LIBERTY Desperate Prisoner Makes Escape in Olympia. Sheriff's Wife Holds the Other Inmates in Check. Fugitive Is Reported to* Be Surrounded by the Pur suing Posse. OLYMPIA, Wash., March 1.— Christ Benson, a grand larceny prisoner in the County Jail,, this afternoon killed Jailer David Morrell and made his escape. Ben son left open the inner and outer doors of the Jail. Mrs. Jessie Mills, wife of the Sheriff, arrived on the scene with a re volver in time to prevent several prison ers from gaining their liberty. Benson, who was a logger, was accused of stealing $45 from his partner, pleaded guilty and about a week ago was sen tenced to one year's imprisonment and was in Jail waiting to be transported to the penitentiary. Last night, the steel tank' being crowded; Benson, who was considered a quiet prisoner, was placed in -an anteroom off tne main entrance of the JaiLVJIn ' the nicht Benson wrenched ¦loonr-a .cJeoel-okirad. drainpipau and Icon cealed- Jt'ih hia clothing. . : About 2 o'clock this afternoon Jailer Morrell gave the prisoners . their midday meal In the main corridor- and ¦ then started to^Jock all but Benson and a trusty named Kahla in the steel tank. He had his back to Benson and was locking the door when Benson struck him on the head. The door of the corridor was open and. Benson ran out' into the main en trance, with the Jailer, in pursuit. . Benson failed to get the outer door open and the two men clinched in . the main entrance. It is supposed that Mor rell drew his revolver and that Benson succeeded in getting it away. There was a desperate tight, in which Morrell was struck' on the head four times with the pipe, shot in the body twice and through the head once and left lying dead on the floor. . . ,:-,.'.." Benson got the outer door open, and, covered' with blood, ran up one of the main residence streets of the town and disappeared in the brush. Kahla, who had been scared into hiding, ran to the Sheriff's home nearby, but found only the Sheriff's wife. Mrs. Mills, however, se cured a revolver and reached the Jail In time to Intercept' the tank prisoners on the doorstep, where, they were held by her until an officer arrived. Posses are in pursuit of Benson and It is reported have him surrounded near town. The County Commissioners have offered a reward of $300 and have asked the Governor to offer a like amount. POLICE FIND NEW CLEW ¦-M^: IN BUBDICX MURDER Woman Gives Them Information That Places Killing in En tirely Different Light. BUFFALO, March 1.— The District At torney and the heads of the detective and police forces for two hours have been closely questioning a woman in connection ¦with the murder of Edward I* Burdlck. She is not under arrest, but it is said an arrest may follow at any moment. It is said. that the woman,, whose identity is known only to the police, has figured in the case heretofore. Her statement, it is said on good authority, is placing the murder in an entirely different light from, any of the theories previously advanced by the police. ' ber of speeches to be made upon it, and they contend that if its passage shall be delayed beyond to-morrow it cannot be put through the House.. iThere is great anxiety to get action on tie Philippine tariff bill, and, while there Is opposition to this measure, it is inti mated' that this antagonism might cease in ' case of a cessation of the efforts to pass the bond . deposit bill. Senator Aid rich is not disposed, to yield to this kind of argument. A final attempt will be made to press the Panama canal treaty to a conclu sion in the hope that Senator Msrgan may relent in his opposition and allow the treaty to be ratified rather than f orca an extra . session of the Senate. His friends say, however, that he ha3 no such intention, and they add that he Is willing to', accept; the full responsibility 'for a called session. Extra Session of the Senate. WASHINGTON. March L— President Roosevelt has decided- to call an extra session of the Senate to convene on March 5. PRICE' FIVE CENTS. HILL HIDES BEHIND BOOM FOR PARKER David B. Hard at Work in His Own Interest Has Agents Seeking Delegates in Every State. "Machine" Supports Him, but Popular Sentiment Favors RivaL Special Dispatch to The Call. CALL BUREAU. 1406 G STREET. N. W., WASHINGTON. March 1.— The Hill problem has been sprung on Democratic members of Congress within the last few days. The Democrats were under-the im pression that the movement for Judga Parker was going to sweep everything be fore it. Prominent members of tho House, however, have learned very re cently that tho Parker candidacy, ao far as the Hill section of the Democratic par ty of New York is concerned, is a blind. "Back of the smiling face of Judg* Parker is the visage of Hill," said a prominent Southern Democrat to-<lay. It is said here that Hill has been per mitting the Parker boom to go unchecked in order to throw his own enemies oft ttielr guard, but that he baa agents hard at t«ork throughout the United States laying wires, setting traps and preparing to capture conventions, that at the proper time he may disclose himself as a candi date and try to capture the nomination. "Tom" Taggart has undertaken the con tract of getting the Indiana delegates for Mr. Hill. Agents are at work for him In Florida, Georgia, Alabama. Missouri and Virginia. It is explained that Hill Is In no sense behind the movement for Judge Parker. That movement was spontaneous. It was based entirely upon the natural availa bility of Judge Parker as a candidate for the Presidency. Democrats who welcomed a new man and who believed Judge Park er could carry the State of New York at once became interested In his cause. Considerable sentiment on the surfaco has been created for Judge Parker throughout the United States. If ma chine politicians would keep their hands off it is believed he would easily win. but while country newspapers In the South and West are printing glowing things about Judge Parker, Hill's agents are working among machine Democrats and hope to get the delegates. Many of the Democratic Representa tives will start for home on March 5 de termined to kill off the Hill movement in their States if they can. If they can smash the Hill candidacy outside of New Ycrk they are hopeful that it will en courage the Democrats of that State to fight Hill in their next State convention and give the delegates instructions for Judge Parker. GBOUND IS COVERED BY VOLCANIC ASHES Wide Stream of Lava Still Pouring Down Side of Mount Colima. GUADALAJARA, Mexico, March L— The rain of ashes from Mount Colima continues. Many plantations situated in the rich valley to the east of the volcano have been completely devastated. Slate colored powder covers the ground to a depth of Several inches. On the eastern slope of the mountain is to be seen a barren channel several hun dred feet. In width down which a stream of lava is pouring. If this eruption of lava continues many days longer It will have spread over a big area of country, which has been deserted. It is the terrific earthquake shocks which the natives fear most. These seis mic disturbances show no indication of decreasing violence. The shocks occur at Intervals throughout the days and nights. Every one Is camping out of doors. Th« light of the sun is shut out and lighted lamps are required throughout the day. BRIGANDS ABE ARRESTED BY OFFICIALS AT NAPLES Try to Enter This Country, but Are Turned Back by the Federal Authorities. LONDON, March L— A dispatch from Rome to. the Central News says that tho thirty-five passengers of ; the British steamer Commonwealth who were recent ly refused permission to land at Boston by the authorities of that city disem barked from the Commonwealth at Na ples and were all arrested. It is alleged that some of these passengers have been identified as brigands. A number of sea men of the Commonwealth are vutedu accomplices.