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THE President's west
ern tour has already been made notable by his utterances on questions of national and international moment. Each speech em bodies " a straightforward presentation of his views on one or more of these sub jects, and before the tour ends the American people zvill have been given a clear insight into the policy the administration zvill pursue while Mr. Roosevelt is at the head of the Government. Remarkable demonstrations of the popularity vf the President have marked the tour thus far, his receptions being "strenuously" enthu siastic. THE views thus expressed have now re ceived effect by th« wise, conservative, and yet far-reaching legislation en , '. acted by Congress at Its last session. In Its -wisdom Congress enacted the very Important law providing a Department of Commerce and Labor, and further providing therein under the Secretary of Commerce and Labor for a Commissioner of Corporations, NEW LAWS ENACTED EMBODY THE VIEWS OF THE PRESIDENT In my message to Congress for 1901 I said: "In the Interest of the whole people the na tion should, without Interfering with the pow er of the States in the matter. Itself also as sume power of supervision and regulation over all corporations doing an Interstate business." which I firmly believe as the only method of eliminating the real evils of the trusts, must come through wisely and cautiously framed legislation, which shall aim in the first place to give definite control to some sovereign over the great corporations, and which shall be fol lowed, when once this power has been con ferred, by a system giving to the Government the full knowledge which is th» essential for satisfactory action. Then, when this knowl edge—one of the essential features of which is proper publicity — has been gained, what fur ther steps of any kind are necessary can be taken with the confidence born of the posses sion of power to deal with the subject, and of a thorough knowledge of what should and can ba done - In the matter. "We need additional power, and we need knowledge. • • • Such legislation — whether obtainable now or obtain able only after a constitutional amendment — should provide for a reasonable supervision, the most prominent feature of which at first should be publicity; that is. the making public, both to the Government authorities and to the people at large, the essential facts In which the public Is concerned. This would give us exact knowl edge of many points which are now not only In doubt,' but the subject of fierce controversy. Moreover, the mere fact of the publication would cure some very grave evils, for the light 'of day is a deterrent to wrongdoing. It would doubtless disclose other evils with which, for the time being, we could devise no way to grapple. Finally, it would disclose others which could b« grappled with and cured by further legislative action." DR. JORDAN COMPARES "WORLD'S UNIVERSITIES Asserts That Those of America Axs Superior to European In stitutions. CHICAGO. April 3.— In the opinion of David Starr Jordan, president of Leland Stanford University, American education al institutions are superior to those of Europe, because they turn out more ef ficient men. "The ideal toward which American col leges work is that of personal efficiency, which is as high as an Ideal can be," said Dr. Jordan In the course of a lec ture on "The Tendencies of American Universities" in the University of Chi cago to-night. Dr. Jordan asserted that English schools turned out men of personal cul ture; bat. said he: "Oxford scholars are not men, and Ox ford men are not scholars." He found fault with the French Idea of ready-made careers and said that while the Germans were thorough and profound they were often not gentlemen. "I have known German professors." said Dr. Jordan, "whose manners woaia not give them the right to associate with grizzly bears. We are not always sure that the graduates of our American uni versities are deep scholars or that they have culture. We ato sure, however, that they are capable; that they can" do what ever they start out to do." Crevasse 500 Feet Wide Below LEVEE BREAKS, FLOODING ,u* VALUABLE COTTON LANDS Lake Providence, in Louisiana, Causes Great Damage. NEW ORLEANS, April 3.— The most serious development of the flood situa tion to-day was the break in the levee at Holybrook plantation, owned by James J. Pittnian. The crevasse la about six miles below Lake Providence, In East Carroll Parish. The levee probably was eighteen feet In height and no attempt will be made to mend it. Efforts, however, will be made to hold the ends. Much valuable cotton land will be overflowed, but the damage will be principally in the delay In getting seed into the ground. The crevasse Is re ported to be 500 feet wide. Parts of Madi son, Tensas, Concordla, Cathaula and Rlchland parishes. In addition to East Carroll, will be submerged, the water ul timately returning to the Mississippi through. Red River. The rich coastal strip, practically with out railroads, which the Atchison will pre empt, has been generally considered Southern Pacific territory, and It la not likely that the Southern Pacific was pleased to learn of the Atchison's conquest of the redwood forests. Ripley will leave the city to-morrow for Pasadena to at tend the wedding of his son, to occur In the latter part of April. E. P. Ripley, president of the Santa Fe, in. speaking of the California extension to-day said to the correspondent of Tha Call that the California Northwestern had not been acquired by Atchison interests, and that he did not know where the con trol of the road was to be found. Ripley was unwilling to discuss the attitude of the Southern Pacific toward the Santa Fe extension, merely saying that the South ern Pacific has n» railroad in that terri tory, although the Southern Pacific's Portland-San Francisco line runs between the Sierra Nevadas and the Coast range! NEW YORK, April 3.— Plans have been drafted by the Santa Fe Railroad for the California North Coast extension and the task of connecting San Francisco Bay with Eureka .will be completed without delay. Full confirmation of The Call's recent ex clusive outline of these plans was ob tained to-day direct from the highest of ficials of the Santa Fe. It was announced at Santa Fe headquarters that the pre liminary work has already begun. Sur veyors are In the field and the route for the new railroad has been projected. In addition to the Eureka and Eel River Railroad, the Santa Fe has purchased sev eral other short lines running southeast through the redwood district. These roads wjll be connected where it is possi ble to incorporate them in the main line, and. others will be used aa feeders. The Santa Fe as a railroad is not the owner of any considerable tract of red wood forests, but Interests closely allied with it acquired, at the time the redwood railroads were sold, extensive timber lands, which will furnish the Santa Fe and Its California coast extension with freight. Special Dispatch to The Call. Ripley Declines to Discuss Southern Pacific's Attitude. No Time Will Be Lost in Building to Eureka. Route for Redwood Extension Is Projected. WORK BEGINS ON SANTA FE COAST LINE Continued on Page 2, Column 2. . KAN JOSE, April 3.-W. W. Campbell, director of the Lick Observatory, reports that the lirst opportunity to catch a glimpse of the new etar discovered by Turner at Oxford, England. In the con tuliation Gemini occurred Wednesday rujht at the close of a long epell of stormy weather. Excellent observations of it were secured on Thursday night by Mc68rs. Pe'rrlne, Aitken, Reese and Cur ti*. Catch Glimpse of New Star. f m 1O-DAT I wish to speak to you on the ¦'/'' ' question ' of the control and regulation -*• ' of. those' great corporations which are popularly, although rather vaguely, known as trusts; dealing mostly with what has actually j been accomplished in the way of legislation -and in the way of enforcement of legislation during the past eighteen months, the period' covering the two sessions of the Fifty- seventh Congress. At the outset I shall ask you to ' remember that I do not approach the subject either from the standpoint of those who speak of themselves as anti-trust or anti corporation people, nor yet from the standpoint of those who are fond of denying the existence of evils in the". trusts or who apparently pro ceed upon the assumption that if a corporation is large enough' it can do no wrong. I think' I speak for the great ma jority of the American people when I Kijy (lint xre are not In the least aKatnut.vrealth as »ach, whether In dividual or corporate;") that we incrfty dculre to nee >uiy abuse of corporate or combined wealth cor rected - and ¦ remedied j that we do not desire' the abolition or deM ruc tion of 1>ip corporation*, bat, on the contrary, recognize them an licins: In. many, canes efficient economic In struments, the resnlts of an lne vita- NOT DESTRUCTION [ BUT REGULATION OF COMBINED WEALTH tions, supporting at regular Intervals, fern balls filled with American "Beauty rose's, carnations and other beautiful blossoms. A thousand electric lights lent enchanting beauty to the room. At the President's immediate right sat United States Senator. Quarles, while E. W. Wadhams, president of the Milwaukee Merchants' and-JVIanufacturers* Associa tion and toastmaster of the occasion, was seated at his left Extending. in opposite directions from the President's table were twelve other tables at which members of the Merchants' and Manufacturers' As sociation and their friends were seated.' After the banquet had been i served Toastmaster Wadhams Introduced Presi dent Roosevelt, who responded to ,the toast, "The President of the UniteTd States." The President took this occa- Association at a banquet at the Plankington House to-night, the oc casion being the climax of the President's ten-hour visit to Milwaukee. Covers were laid for C30 representative ' citizens. - A corps of skillful decorators had worked out a complete transformation of the ban quet room, which was fairly canopied with Alabama smllax rising from twelve chandeliers and spreading out in a grace ful arch. Lines of asparagus vines trailed from chandelier to chandelier in all direc- H MILWAUKEE, Wis., April 3.— j\jM President Roosevelt | was r the mfY* guest of the Milwaukee Mer chants' and Manufacturers' elon to give his views on the subject of trusts. His speech follows: ,- The dispute among the members of the I> ; ard of Trad* regarding the question of "put* and calls" has reached such a jstage •that WO members, constituting a majority, declare that unless they shall secure v.;hut they. wish in the way of an amend ment -to pending legislation they will fwrce through the Legislature such a bill as »ill result in the closing cf the doors ¦of the Hoard ot Trade. ¦Among the men against whom Indict ments ha\"e been voted are members of it be leading and most wealthy commission jhcoxies iu Chicago. .:.- ..-CHICAGO," April 3.— As a result of a titter fight that has sprung up in the Chicago, Board of Trade over the ques tion of "p-jts and calls," evidence has been laid b*rbre the Grand Jury tending to prove th ; it several of the most proml lien.v commission houses in the city have V-t-n.fe-jjJty oi "bucket shopping" and the jury; has voted .seven indictments. No h:'u> i»«ve been returned as yet and this .-fu-;V win hot be taken before to-morrow, when the seven members will be called upon , t o' give. bonds for their appearance lii court. dictznents Against Members of Prominent Houses. coarMissioN mew guilty ;:¦ .: OF "BUCKET SHOPPING" Chicago Grand Jury Votes Seven In- . In seeking -a. solution he would set only ¦two limits: On**, tha' we must not weaken the Imperial credit, and the other, that we must not sap Abe elasticity of our revenue, Vt&ch it our reserve in times of danger. . ¦ - Assent having been given to the policy cf agrarian peace he was hopeful that the result >f the Irish land bill Would be son-thing they would contemplate with pleasure. . .' r /-In times of peace," eaid Wyndham. "Ireland is our. be^t customer, and in wartimes, when everything would depend VPPii our control of the sea, it would be wtl! to have a bio meat supply in Ire land. Every true' imperialist wishes Ire land to be a b.ridge flnd -not a chasm be tween ourselves and Canada, and with Canada I wuuH associate our kinsmen in the United States, and for even a possible <hai.ee of attaining .that object it was worth while .to make aa effort." • Hcf erring -'oiUie Ashland .bill. Wynd fc-am.'believed that.it would be repudiated. .Ireland,, fie-'siii-d. 'had not enjoyed the op portunities -.at the disposal of other parts of the empire, partly because in 1SS1 Par liament,: instead df giving her justice, jrave her • Hugation. Furthermore, the last $jft> or c Ixty years— the age of steam »nd ccal— had not been happy or profitable Cot Ireland, a country lacking in mineral wealtn. -Apart from the justice of the case, continued the' speaker, it was to England s interest ' that Ireland should t*vc< a fair.' opportunity to develop her •agriculture.' ¦ Mr ; Wyndham. the Chief Secretary tor Ireland, ¦ in his Manchester speech, said iii' b.;Hftv*j that when the. bell rang for tbe next. election the Tory party would be found. -ready and would . again carry Its flag-to victory. . The. Daily News remarks the significant silence, of Colonial Secretary Chamberlain on the Irish problem and the Irish land bill ' and. the fact that the Government appears -to be threatened with the alter natives of defeat or dependence, on the ]ri?h vote. '"' '. ¦ The Liberal papers this morning, com tceatjns op. "Wyndham's remarkable speech at Manchester last night and the flying rumors of the Government's inten tion to appeal to ' the country on a .pro gramme of. self-government for Ireland, 'declared- 'that, it might have been: the Fpceth .of : a Gladstone, so friendly were its accents toward Ireland and the wis iJcitoi 3f trusting' the Irish people and'ebn < eliciting the Irish sentiment in the United ¦States and. Canada. '¦': IiOfDON, April 4.— Tt« Government was saved from defeat in yesterday's div ision : in the House of Commons on' the second reading of the private bill regard ing the payment of light house dues only by 'the support cf a number of National ists.- ¦¦;¦¦¦.. ."••:• ¦¦¦"'>. •.;.' Nationalists Prevent Gov ernment Defeat in the Commons. British Politics Under going Remarka^ie Change. Makes"HomeRule" .Its Campaign ; :> % Slogan. TORY PARTY APPEALS TO IRISH VOTE J\[ewLaws Will Be Strictly En forced. Congress, Says Mr. Roosevelt, Has Done Its Duty Toward Regulating Combines. "CURB THE TRUSTS, BUT DO MO7 DESTROY NATION'S PROSPERITY," THE KEYNOTE OF PRESIDENT ROOSEVELT'S MILWAUKEE SPEECH VOLUME XCIII— XO. 125. "We should be false to the historic principles of our Government If we discriminated either by legislation or administration either for or against a man because of either his wealth or his poverty. There is no proper place in our society either for the rich man who uses the power conferred by his riches ; to enable him to oppress and wrong his neighbors, nor' yet for the demagogic agitator who, instead of attacking abuses as all abuses should be at tacked wherever found, attacks property, at tacks prosperity, ' attacks men' of wealth as such, whether j they bo good or j bad, attacks corporations whether they do well or ill,' and seeks in a spirit' of ignorant rancor to over throw the very, foundations upon. which rest our | national : well being. •- In consequence ' of the - extraordinary Indus- ble process of economic evolution, and only desire to see them regu lated and controlled so far as .may be necessary to subserve the public good. NATION'S CHIEF. IN CHAR ACTERISTIC ATTITUDES : IN DELIVERING SPEECHES. trial changes of tie last half = century, and notably of the last - two or three decades, changes due mainly to tjbe rapidity and com plexity of our industrial growth, we are con fronted with problems which In their present shape were unknown to our forefathers. Our great prosperity, with Its accompanying con centration of population and of wealth. Its ex treme specialization of faculties and Its de velopment of giant Industrial leaders, has brought. much good and some evil, and it Is as foolish to Ignore the good as willfully to blind ourselves to the evil. The evil has been partly the Inevitable ac companiment of the social changes, and where this is the case it can be cured neither by law nor by the administration of the law, the only remedy lying in the slow change of char acter and of economic environment. But for a portion of the evil, at least, we think that remedies can be found. "We know well the danger of false remedies, and we are against all violent, radical and unwise ' change. But we believe that by proceeding slowly, 'yet reso lutely, with good sense and moderation, and also with a firm determination . not to b« swerved from our course either by foolish clamor or by. any base or sinister Influence, we can accomplish much for the betterment of conditions. Nearly two years ago, speaking at the State fair In Minnesota, I said: "It Is probably true that the large majority of the fortunes that now exist In this country have been amassed, not by injuring our peo ple, but as an 'incident to the conferring of great benefits upon the community, and this, no matter what may have been the conscious purpose of those amassing them. There is but the Scantiest justification for most of the out cry against the men of wealth as such; and It ought to be unnecessary to state that any ap peal which directly or Indirectly leads to sus picion and hatred among ourselves, which tends to limit opportunity, and therefore to shut the door of success against poor men of talent, and, finally, which entails the possibility of lawless ness and violence, is an attack; upon the fun damental properties of American ' citizenship. Our interests are at bottom common; In the long run we go up or go down together. "Yet more and more I* It evident that the State, and, If necesnary, the nation, lin» got to poaseH the right of Hapervlslon and control am re- Cards the upreat' corporations which are its • creatures, particularly . as regards the. Brent bnslness combi nations lvhlch derive a portion of t heir importance from the existence of nome monopolistic tendency. The right should be exercised with cau tion and self-restraint, but it should exist, so that it may be invoked if the need arises." . Liost fall in speaking at Cincinnati I said: * "The ! necessary ' supervision 5 and" control.' la PRICE FIVE CENTS. The San Francisco Call. SAJN I FBANCISCO, SATURDAY, APRIL 4, 1903. DON'T boast; don't in sult any one; make up our minds coolly what is necessary for us to say, say it, and then stand by it, whatever the consequences might be. — President Roose velt's summary of the policy Hie American Government should pursue in' its dealings zrith other nations. .