Mobs shouted through the streets of Madrid a few
<5ays ago a noisy demand for a republic. One would
think that everything Spanish, e'ven a mob, has had
it* fill of republics.
The wars of the Central Americans are merrily
progressing and the populations of the different re
publics are being commendably reduced. It is good
to see humanity performing what nature ought to do.
BY the Merchants' Association Review there are
presented this month such a number and va
riety of suggestions in the way of improving
and adorning the city that had the articles been elab
orated a little and provided with illustrations this is- ,
sue of the paper might well have passed as a boom
edition. The writers touch upon well nigh every local
question of the time, from business to beauty, and
present a striking array of proposals in the way of
imptovement which merit the consideration of
The place of honor in the Review is given to a
picture of a suggested improvement of Telegraph
Hill, 'drawn by Arthur Matthews for the California
Outdoor Art League from" plans by City Engineer
Grunsky. The design proposes the purchase of cer
tain property on the cistern face of the hill and the
decoration of it with trees, shrubs and creepers, so
as to make that front a highly picturesque precipice.
The neglected park on the summit is to be beauti
fied and easy approaches are to be arranged on the
west and south. The plans, while artistic, are not
extravagant, and it would seem that at a compara
tively small cost the hill might be made an object of
beauty and a pleasure resort attractive not only to
residents but to visitors.
Another suggestion deals with a much needed im
provement from a business point of view. This is an
indorsement of the recommendation of the Board of
Public Works that Mission street be widened so as
to make room for the increasing traffic that is to
pass along it in future. The writer of the article,
Herbert E. Law, says: '*San Francisco has had but
one street, commercially speaking.' That was Mar
ket street. This situation has changed. It now has
two streets, Market and Mission. We must have ar
teries that will steadily take care, of the surplus traffic
and make it possible for us to grow without conges
tion. We must make it possible for traffic to ko for-
BEAUTY AND PROGRESS.
A "peeping Tom" was brained the other night by
an Akron woman who knew how to wield a club.
It was unfortrfnate that he did not live long enough
to be tarred and feathered.
Special Information supplied daily to
business houses and public men by thm
Press Clipping Bureau (Allen's). 230 Cali
fornia street. Telephone Mala 1043. *
Townsend's California glace fruit And
candies, 50c a pound, in artistic flre-etchcrt
boxes. A nice present for Eastern friends.
Moved from Palace Hotel building lo 71">
Market st., two doors above Call building."
Easter cards, Easter cards, Easter
cards, at Sanborn.& Vail's, 741 Market
ANEW YORK dispatch says: "It is entirely j
within the range of probability that before the ;
expiration of another twelve months uniformed
Marconi messenger boys will be as common in busi
ness thoroughfares as those of the cable companies,
and the world will have ceased to question the feasi
bility of wireless telegraphy."
The statement means of course that wireless |
telegraphy by the Marconi system is about to be put
to commercial use and become a common part of the
instrumentalities of business. The feasibility of the
system, so far as experimental work is concerned, is j
no longer open to question. T # hc fact has been
demonstrated time and again. Indeed the sending of
wireless messages across wide distances of land and
sea is no longer a matter of sufficient novelty to be
recorded as an item of news. There remains nothing
more to be done than the adoption of the system by
the business world. That, it appears, is now to be
achieved, and we are to have Marconi telegrams in
active competition with those by wire.
, It is noted that the rapidity with which the new sys
tem of telegraphy has been perfected for general use
is something unparalleled in the history of inventions'
of anything like similar novelty and importance. A
recent review of the subject points out that while the
patent for a steamboat was taken out in England
in 1736 the invention was not made commercially use
ful until 1807. Stephcnson ran his first locomotive in
1814, but sixteen years passed before the business
world of that time was ready to turn it to advantage.
Even in recent times a similar slowness «is*noted.
Thus the telephone was exhibited at the Philadelphia
Exposition in 1876, but not until several years after
ward was it developed into an instrument of every
We are moving faster than our fathers and much
faster than our grandfathers. ; It is only a few years
ago that The Call first applied wireless, telegraphy
to the uses "of a newspaper by obtaining in that way
an announcement of the arrival off the Golden Gate
of the transport bringing home from the Philippines
the California Volunteers. At that time the invention
was ridiculed by the Hearst papers and the inventor
was derisively called ''Macaroni." Now the invention
has not only been perfected as a means of sending
messages, but it has been rendered prompt enough
and cheap enough to take its place among the com
mercial utilities of the day.
The New York dispatch gives a year in which to
see the realization of the wireless telegram in com
mon use. Even if that be a too sanguine expecta
tion the public can still afford to wait with patience.
The great invention has been made and the commer
cial world of our, time is not going to delay in turn
ing it to nractical advantace.
Notice— Best eyeglasses, specs. 13c to 60c;
look out 81 4th, front barber and gTocer.*
Montague's cockatoo circus is the lead
ing feature at the Chutes this week and
has created a big sensation. The remain
ing performers, including Rome and Fer
guson, Mae Tunison and G. Herbert Mit
chell, are all high class and are well re
ceived by the audiences.
keep coming. The farce Is about the fun
niest thing that has ever been seem at
the house and those- who have attended
pronounce It superior to the famous "Fid
dle Dee Dee." The songs, dances and
funny jokes are all new and are given
just as Weber & Field presented them.
Next Monday the sale of seats for the
Zech symphony concert to be given at
P'ischer's on Thursday afternoon .will
open at Sherman & Clay's music store.
Easter eggs, at Townsend's.
READY FOR BUSINESS
For a long time there have been stories that the
Russians are backing up the Bulgarians, and the Al
banians evidently believe it, for when they rose in
arms their first attack was made upon Russian con
sulates. There appears, however^ every reason to
believe that the Russians are as eager as any one else
for the maintenance of peace at this time>and have
done all in their power to keep the Bulgarians quiet.
Meantime Bulgarian?, Macedonians and Albanians
*like seem determined to fight, and it appears the'
Tories are not at all unwilling to take a hand. Thus
\\c are getting reports of all kinds of atrocities com
mitted by bands of one party or the other.
The one clear feature of the situation is that the
Sultan is unable to carry out peaceful reforms and
ho other power is willing to undertake the task. It
i> a bad muddle all round, and in the end Europe
may be forced to give the Sultan a free hand to send
an army into the country to make a desert and call
It is to be borne in mind that while Macedonia,
Albania and Bulgaria are distinct as geographical ex
pressions and are clearly delimited on the map, they
are after all only a huge district populated by various
peoples who differ in race, language and religion.
The Bulgarians wish to annex Macedonia, and the
t-o-called "Macedonian Committee" is really a body of
Bulgarian agitators. The committee asserts that the
Macedonians desire separation from the Turkish em
pire, but a good many travelers in the country assert
that the bulk of the Macedonian population desires
nothing more than peace and good government, and
are more opposed to the Bulgarian agitators than to
WHEN" the Macedonian Committee an
nounced last winter that an uprising would
ukc place in Macedonia in the spring the
iliplomatists of Europe hastened to arrange means
fur preventing the outbreak. Their efforts were
crowned with so much success that the Sultan premi
sed reform and the committee called off the dogs of
war. Thereupon Europe settled down with quiet sat
isfaction, gave due credit to the diplomatists and
looked forward to a springtime undisturbed by any- j
thing more serious than a labor strike. There was,
however, one factor in the problem that was not
counted in the solution, and now that factor \
is making more trouble than the Macedonian Com
Long ago a v.ise man said that the Eastern ques
tion is in its last analysis a religious question, and
that in comparison with the religious complications
politics and pan-Slavism cut very little figure. The
present disturbances go far to confirm that theory.
The promise of reform in the interest of the Chris
tians of Macedonia has stirred the ire of the Mos
lems and also of the Albanians. The Albanian hatred
of Macedonia is one of the mysteries of the Eastern
question which has never been fully understood by
western students of the situation, but of the existence
of the hatred there can be no question. We are hav
ing a proof of it at this time. The dispatches an
nounce that no sooner was the reform programme
made known than the Albanians started on the war
1 ath. Several thousand of them surrounded Mitro
vitza, and it was only after a severe fight that they
were repulsed by the Turkisli garrison.
The situation of the Sultan's Government is by no
means enviable. The concert of Europe has de
manded of him the institution of various reforms in
Macedonia and he has agreed. Now come his Al
banian subjects and declare he shall not carry out
the reforms without a fight. His Moslem troops are
trying to reform Macedonia with one hand while
holding off Albania with the other, and are achieving
but little result with either! The reports state that
the Albanian uprising has caused a panic among the
Christians of Old Servia, who 2tc fleeing out of the
country, and that while the Turkish troops in the
province are doing what they can to suppress the in
surrection the Albanian bodyguards of the Sultan's
palace are jubilant over the action of their country-
THE TURBULENT BALKANS.
THURSDAY APRIL 9, 1903
JOHN D. SPRECKELS, Brcprtelor.
Address AH Communication* to W. S. LEAKE, Manager.
A«k for THE CALL. The Operator Will Connect '
You With the Department You Wish.
rCBUCATIOJT OFFICE. . .M_rteet _n_ T_lr*. «. F.
EDITORIAL. ROOMS -IT to 221 StereniOB St.
Dcllrercd by Carrier*. 15 Cents Per Week.
Simple Copies, S Cents.
Terns by Mail. Including Post&ffet
DAILY CA-X. <taclo<Sine Sunday), one year W-00
DAIL.T CAXX. <lDCludlnc Sunday). « month* »•<*»
DA_LT CAXX. anclodln* Sunday). * month« *¦£<>
DAT_T CALL— By Sintfe Mont- «*»
fUNDAT CALL. On« Year *rr
VTEEBXT CALL, One Year 1#w
All postmasters are authorised to recelvo
Sample eoplea will be forwarded when requested.
stall CBbsertbera la orderinx chane* of addr^w ehould be
particular to five fcoth NEW AND OLD ADDRESS In order
U larurt « prompt and correct compliance with their requert.
JUS Broadway Telephone Main 1OS3
2148 Center Street Telephone IVorth 77
C. GE0KOE KBOGZTESS. Manager Poreign Adver
tising-. Marquette Building-, Chicago.
<Lcn* Distance Telephone "Central 3«1».">
JCEW YORK REPRESENTATIVE:
il'EPUEX B. SMITH SO Trltmne Building
NEW YORK CORRESPONDENT:
C C. CAHLTOX Herald Square
NEW YORK NEWS STANDS:
Waiaorf-ABtoria Hotel; A. Brentano. 31 Union Square:
Ucrray Hill Hotel; Fifth-avenue Hotel and Hoffman House.
CHICAGO NEWS STANDS:
Eh*rmafl House: P. O. News Co.; Great Northern Hotel;
Trcmoet House: Auditorium Hotel; Palmer House.
\VASHI\CTOS <». C.» OFFICE 14OG O St., V. W.
MOUTU.V E. CRANE, Correspondent.
BRANCH OFFICES— -627 Montromery. ecrner of Clay, open
BBtl! 8 :S0 o'clock. 800 Hayea, open until 9:30 o'clock. «33
MeAlIUter, open until 9:30 o'clock. 615 Larkln. open until
• :£0 o'clock. 1941 Mission, open until 10 c'clock. 2291
liaiket. corner Sixteenth, open until 9 o'clock. 109* Va
irccta. open until 8 o'clock. 106 Eleventh, open until 9
o'clock. NW. corner Twenty-second and Kentucky, open
_otll 9 o'clock. 2200 Flllmore. open until 9 p. in.
','Hclter Skelter" seems to have como
to stay at Fischer's and the crowds still
The Central Theater's attraction this
week is "A Hired Girl." This comical
farce of, Blaney's keeps the house in one
round of laughter John Armstrong as
Johanna Qulnn has made a great hit with
the crowds and is very funny in the lead
ing role. ' Next week Count Tolstoy's mas
terpiece. "Resurrection," will be put on
at the Central and elaborate preparations
are being made to stage it.
• • •
The minstrel and burlesque show at the
Theater Republic is in Its fourth week
and is still pleasing large audiences, with
"Dick" Jose. William McDonald, Harry
Sylvester, William Keller Mack. Charley
Stlne, Harry Conlon, Jim Ryder, Peuil
Wilkerson and Olive Evans as attractions.
"Young Corbett," the world famous pu
gilist, is on exhibition. Next Sunday af
ternoon an entire change of bill will be
presented. The first part will be "The
Deck of the Battleship Oregon," with a
programme of new songs and jokes. Wal
lace Irwln's travesty on the army and
ravy, "The Siege of Goat Island." will be
produced at the same time, the burlesque
having been constructed for laughing pur
"An American Citizen." the refined com
edy made famous by Nat Goodwin and
Maxine Elliott, is being presented thU
week at the Alcazar Theater. The play
has' taken well and seems to delight the
crowds that flock to the theater every
r'ght. Miss Bertha Creighton and Ernest
Hastings are in their element and the rest
of the cast is good. ''Her Majesty" is to
be the next production at the Alcazar.
"The Bohemian Girl" is attracting large
crowds to the Tivoli this week and tha
quaint opera is meeting with marked
success. De Lussan is seen at her be«t
in the cast. She is well supported by the
other favorites in the stock company.
Next week De Lussan will make her final
appearances in "Carmen."
Winsome little Byrle, the musical won
der, is winning applause at the Orpheum
tills week and the rest of the bill is a
clever one. The Mason-Keller Company,
McCue and Cahill, Joseph La Fleur, the
Beaux and Belles octet and Gardiner and
Vincent complete one of the best vaude
ville entertainments that has been put on
at the popular ainusement house for many
Two well known players. R. D. McLean
and Miss Odette Tyler, are scoring night
ly triumphs at the Grand Opera-house
and large audiences are thronging the
theater every night. Their, interpretation
of "Richard III" is the best that has been
seen in thi3 city in a long time. The com
pany that fiuppoits the two leading actors
is a good one and the scenic effects and
stagings are certainly superb. Next week
Miss Tyler and Mr. McLean will appear in
All the theatrical folk have been in
vited by Kate Claxton to witness a spe
cial professional matinee performance of
"The Two Orphans" at the California
this afternoon. Most of the stars have
signified their intention of attending.
On Sunday night the California is to
present one of the biggest novelties at
present on the stage, Denman . Thomp
son's latest pastoral comedy, "Our New
Minister." This is the only successor to
"The Old Homestead" that has ever been
written, and has already duplicated the
earlier successes of that famous classic.
The entire original company that has
been presenting the play for the past two
seasons in the East will be seen here, in
cluding John Barker, who played Josh
Whitcomb in "The Old Homestead" "' at
the Baldwin six years ago and is the
only one who has ever been permitted to
play the part outside of Denman Thomp
son himself. Others in the company in
clude Henry R. Scott, who created the
part of Seth Perkins in "The Old Home
stead"; John P. Brawn, the original
whistling boy in Hoyfs "A Trip to
Chinatown"; Joseph Conyers, who cre
ated the part of the constable in the
original production of "Old Jed Prouty"
ten years ago; John Terrlss. who played
the leading juvenile role in the original
Frohman production of "Under the Red
Robe"; Charles Stedman, from Frohman's
original "Fatal Card" company, and Phila
May, a clever ingenue who has been as
sociated with Denman Thompson for the
past eight years.
bell is certainly a,t her 'best in
Sudermann's masterpiece, and the pro
duction is. one of the fvents of the year
in theatricals. Beata, the part taken by
Mrs. Campbell, gives her ample oppor
tunity to be seen at her best^ and in this
role the famous actress to both emotional
and forceful. Mrs. Campbell will appear
in "The Joy of Living" ,the remainder of
the week. Next Monday and Tuesday
nights and Wednesday matinee^ she will
appear in "The Second Mrs. Tanqueray."
On Wednesday and Satuiday nights and
Thursday* matinee "Magda" will be pre
sented. Thursday night and Saturday
matinee "Aunt Jeannie" is to be given,
and on Friday night "The Joy of Living."
MKS. PATRICK CAMPBELL in
"The Joy of Living" is draw
ing large audiences to the Co
lumbia Theater. Mrs. Camp-
CALIFORNIANS need not lament the fall of
the Keene pool in Southern Pacific stock.
Though Mr. Keene sought to invest his
stock-jobbing operation with an appearance of public
interest, its purpose was not misunderstood. The
very charges that he made against the Harriman in
terest revealed the policy he attacked as one desir
able for this coast.
The Central and Southern Pacific are such con
trolling factors in our commerce that we have no
other feeling than approval of a policy that proposes
to put them in the best physical condition, to give us
«i rail connection that will join speed and safety.
Notwithstanding the allegations of Mr. Keene, that
policy is also in the interest of the stockholders,
since the value of their stock is permanently affected
by the physical condition of the property which it
represents. His policy was to take advantage of the
enormous demand for transportation to produce
present dividends, with the intention of unloading the
stock when business declined, leaving the property
in worse condition by the wear and tear necessary to
get a temporary profit.
Plainly the difference between Keene and Harri
man was the difference between a stock jobber and a
permanent owner. The owner wishes preservation of
the property and the use of the earnings of good
years to equip it for economical operation in bad
years. That was the policy just entered upon by Mr.
Huntington when his death prevented its effectuation
under his management.
It would be a sorry plight for this State and coast
to witness the active betterment that is going on on all
the great Eastern systems of railroads while those on
which we depend were suffered to decline "and decay
in order that mere speculators might squeeze a profit
out of the stock.
Californians want to 'see the Southern and Central
and Union Pacific and the Santa Fe lines put in the
best physical condition possible to modern methods
and made in respect to construction and power the
equal of the best lines in the country. We may
have many points of difference with the management
of all these roads, but in this we are in cordial agree
The Harriman management recognizes the dawn
ing of the developmental period of California; it
sees the enormous local growth that will be pro
duced, by the isthmian canal, and very properly an
ticipates an increase rather than a decrease of its ton
nage as a result of the completion of that enterprise.
The canal will make new railroad facilities necessary
rather than kill those we have, and therefore we are
for the permanent owners of the property rather than
for the temporary speculator in its stock.
; - / ,
END OP THE KEENE POOL
There has been organized in New York a
"Woman's Street Car Passenger Rights' Associa
tion," and as it is a foregone conclusion that the
association will demand the whole car, the men of
the city may as well form a pedestrian association to
walk for health and quietness.
WHILE the President is in the Northwest
speaking to a hardy race of American pio
neers in praise of individual freedom and
initiative and stability of character Mr. Bryan is ar
ranging to make a general campaign in New Eng
land to promote the socialistic doctrines of his two
platforms. There are method and purpose in his
plan. With the decay of the old New England stock
there has risen in those States a socialistic spirit
which has gained greater headway than in any other
part of the republic.
The blood of New England is now planted in the
West. The States this side of the Missouri which
in 1896 indorsed Mr. Bryan and his views have
since repudiated both. The final reason was that
their hardy and independent people, having time for
examination, recognized the strange doctrine under
the elaborate disguise in which Mr. Bryan cloaked
it. They are as self-centered as their ancestors, as
fond of personal initiative and as capable of using it
as were their Puritan forebears. So they have drifted
avvay from Mr. Bryan, and he instinctively turns to
tlijt part of the country where the aims of socialism
are undisguised and where every opportunity is im
proved to put them in action.
Mr. Quincey, as leader of the Massachusetts Dem
ocracy, has openly sought fusion with the socialists,
and his staff captain, Mr. George Fred Williams,
is an active promoter of the union of the two parties.
These gentlemen, and others like them, all over New
England, have 'not ceased to insist that every cardi
nal point in the Democratic creed that is not ac
ceptable to the socialists shall be eliminated. j
Under such circumstances it is not remarkable that j
the section selected by Mr. Bryan for a grand rally
of his forces is in just the ripe condition required
for his purpose. The large foreign element in New
England, as a rule, looks to socialistic remedies for
every real or imaginary evil against which it can be
incited to complain. That class of citizens thinks our |
processes too slow and our governmental machinery |
too deliberate in its c-ction. Summary methods are
sought. When Mr. Bryan talks of railroading the j
capitalists to the penitentiary, and Mr. Hearst and
David B. Hifl advocate the expropriation of private
property and its conversion to public use by confis
cation, they are indicating a programme that prom
ises the swift accomplishment of the leveling purposes
These gentlemen have an active ally in Carter Har
rison, just elected for the fourth time Mayor of Chi
cago by the votes of a community in which the for
eign element is largely in the majority. He construes
i his election to* mean that public ownership of all pub-
I lie utilities is indorsed and will soon be accomplished.
It is useless to discuss with the socialists themselves
the risk of such a revolution in government as they
are seeking. They dream of a Utopia from which
men of healthy mind and purpose shrink. The argu
| ment in rebuttal must be along the manly lines kid
down by President Roosevelt.
The situation presents a crisis in American poli
tics almost equal in gravity to the Civil War, for it
I implies a change in government greater than would
have followed a dissolution of the Union, for that,
if accomplished, would have meant. two republics,
each adhering, in general purpose, to the features
impressed upon our system by the fathers.
In this crisis there is much curiosity to know the
i choice that the South will make. In 1896 that section
destroyed the leadership of Mr. Cleveland for the
benefit of Mr. Bryan. The Southern politicians saw
no further than the satisfaction of visiting vengeance
upon the President. As it turned out, in doing this
they endangered their own prosperity. They are
now. as far as principles go, more in alliance with
President Roosevelt than with Mr. Bryan. But
once more they are yursing a purely fanciful grudge
against a President. They fancy that their interest in
the race problem is just now stronger than their in
terest in anything else, and upon that issue they are
being led into violent antagonism to President
Roosevelt. The antagonism is created solely by their
imagination, but it seems none the less real to them.
It remains to be seen whether it is strong enough to
repel them backward into the support of socialism. If it
be so the line in 1904 will be very distinctly drawn be
tween socialism and representative democracy, with
the President standing for the form of government
under which liberty has been enjoyed consistently
with public order and popular prosperity. As the
rapid growth of socialism makes it perfectly appar
ent that the contest must come, it is well that it
come quickly and that representative democratic
government be under the leadership of a champion
as clear and strong and courageous as the President.
MRS. PATRICK CAMPBELL CONTINUES
TO WIN APPLAUSE AT THE COLUMBIA
SCENE FROM PLAY WHICH WIL.L. BE PRESENTED NEXT WEEK AT
BUSH-STREET PLAYHOUSE, ONE OF THE STARS OF OPERA COM
PANY AND ACTOR AND ACTRESS OF NOTE.
ward promptly. Merchants cannot afford the ex
pense of handling goods incident to narrow, con
gested and unkept streets."
Along with these and other suggestions there runs
a plea for a more liberal support of the work of the
California Promotion Committee. That work indeed^
is one of immediate and almost of imperative concern.
Enough money has now been expended and enough
work done to lay the foundations of a great move
ment for upbuilding the State. It would be folly to
cease our efforts at this juncture. Thousands of peo
ple in the Mississippi Valley are seeking new homes.
The migratory movement is the largest ever known in
the history of the country. The home-seekers are
going even into the remote provinces of the Cana-'
dian northwest Thousands of them are coming
here. If the work of the Promotion Committee be
supported we shall add largely to the population, the
wealth and the industry of the State. The work is de
cidedly worth while, and it is to be hoped the sub
scriptions will be liberal and prompt.
THE SAN FRANCISCO CALL, THURSDAY, APRIL. 9, 3 903.
For some time it has been known that
dandruff is caused by a srerm that digs
up the scalp into littlp . white flakes, and
by sapping tho vitality of the hair at the
roots, causes falling hair, and, of course,
finally baldness. For years there have
been all kinds of hair stmulants and scalp
tonics on the market, but : there has been
no permanent cure for dandruff until the
discovery of a preparation called New-
bro's Herpicide. which destroys the dan-
druff germ. Destroy the cause the effect
will cease to exist. Kill the dandruff
germ and you'll have no dandruff, no
itching scalp, no falling hair. Sold by
leading druggists. Send 10c in stamps for
sample to The Herpicide Co., Detroit,
A Preparation Discovered That Will
Destroy the Dandruff Germ.
NEW SCIENTIFIC PROCESS.
OUT NEXT SUNDAY
Great Easter Edition
Is a journalisHc triumph of pictorial art
and modern color press work.
> Besides the usual wide array of up-to-date maga- O
zine articles, there are pages and pages of special 2
2 Easter features.
I The Garden toe Scpulchcr 3
-. By EDWIN MARKHAM. <¦•>
z _____________________________ c
h A Magnificent Easter The California Easter o
o Frontispiece Girl 5
By ARTIST CABUL By SARAH COMSTOCK
HOV/ TO DECOBATE THE EASTER CHVBCH
?i-Vj/ 1 AND
A NEW AND BEAUTIFUL EASTER CAROL
The last installment of THc THIRTEENTH DISTRICT
and a thrilling short story by Robert Barr
The King's Tryst
il OUT NEXT SUNDAY II
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