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The San Francisco call. (San Francisco [Calif.]) 1895-1913, July 06, 1903, Image 4

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shares of Northern Pacific Railroad stock and he
should wed a young woman 'who was the holder of
ioo shares of Great Northern Railroad stock, the
marriage contract would be illegal. It would -:be
'in restraint of trade.' Such is the scope and ¦;'po
tency of the Sherman act, as interpreted by the Su
preme Court, when reduced to. the bare bones of its
ultimate logical significance." f- ..
BY the learned gentleman who furnishes the
New York Sun with legal lore it has been
said: "If a young man were possessed of ioo
The streets of Bombay are excellent, as
are generally the main roads throughout
India. They are thoroughly macadamized
or metaled and made smooth by heavy
As an evidence of how silly the silly season talk
can be made by politicians when they get a good fit
of loquacity on, it may be noted that a report comes
from Washington that certain Ohio statesmen have
decided that the ticket for next year shall be Roose
velt and Taft, and that Senator Hanna shall be re
tired from local leadership.
Special Information supplied dally to
business houses and nubile men by th«
Press Clipping Bureau (Allen's). 230 Cali
fornia street. Telephone Main VHX •
ToTTiisend's California glace fruits asd
candles, 60c a pound, la artistic firs
etched boxes. A nlcs present for Eastern
friends. 715 Market st.. above bids.*
Harriet Martineau visited the United
States in 1S40 and reported that only seven
occupations were open to women. They
were teaching, needlework, keeping
boarders, working in cotton factories,
typesetting, bookbinding and household
service. . . .
LONDON. July 5.-The reeling on the
Stock last week continued to
be cheerful. A more hopeful situation
which set in duriner the previous week
continued and the whole list showed de
cided Improvement, especially the gilt
edged securities^ which are deriving bene
fit from cheaper money. While the at
mosphere was clearer, the prospects of a
continued improvement in prices, espe
cially of investment stocks, are very good,
the public as yet showing no great de
gree of ea«ernes» and consequently the
volume of business done last wck waj
Americans participated In the specula
tive movement. Kaffirs were temporarily
excited by a private telegram stating
that the Transvaal Government had au
thorized the importation of 50,000 Chinese
for work at the mines. This report, how
ever, remains without confirmation.
Prospect of a Continued Improvement
in Prices of Investment Shares
Are Good.
. But. as just observed, a better tone seems to be de
veloping. It was remarked in this column several
weeks 2go that the great New York banks, deeming
ihe long liquidation in Wall street practically over,
were not averse to a i ally, and were in fact rather will
ing to help along a little bull campaign. The fact is,
tile financial interests of the country have swung
from ore extreme to the other, and from being over
sanguine a year or so ago have become pessimistic
to the other extreme. One condition is about as bad
2s_ the other. There is nothing to be pessimistic
about at present, and the future can take care of itself.
The country is still prosperous and likely to remain
'.so with a little watching on the part of its guides
iand guardians.
In this connection Henry Clews, the New York
banker, who is probably as close to the powerful
moneyed interests of the country as any other man
who keeps himself thoroughly posted on the daily
course of the stock and financial markets, and there
fore speaks by the card, says:
"Wall street continues in a conservative and some
what hesitating mood. For conservatism there is
'still good reason, while for the extreme pessimism
that prevails in some quarters there is absolutely now
no justification. The average buyer of stocks forgets
that many of the depressing factors which now influ
ence him have been recognized by shrewd operators
weeks and months ago, and that these conditions
have been largely, if not over discounted by a decline
of 30 to 40 points in many of the leading stocks. -Just
now we are in danger of running into a state of exces
sive pessimism, which is quite as hazardous as the un
reasoning optimism which induced all sorts of excesses
in 1901-2. When desirable securities begin to sell be
low instrinsic values, not good but harm follows from
forcing prices to a lower level; for confidence is un
necessarily disturbed, enterprise checked and disaster
invited which reason and judgment should prevent
What is especially needed at the moment is careful
discrimination. There is rm excuse whatever for an
undue loss of confidence when corrective influences
are actively at work and the financial situation has
been greatly clarified by the enormous liquidation of
the last six months. There are still undigested securi
ties in existence, but these are generally in strong
hands, where they are likely to remain awaiting con
ditions much more favorable to their distribution
than the present." J
There is no change in the important food or mer
chandise staples from a week ago. Adverse weather
is catting down previous estimates of the wheat crop
in Europe and the United States, and last week's hot
north wind has materially altered the aspect' of the
fruit and grain yield in some parts of California; but
ihc general trade situation remains as for some weeks
IN the liveliest times the Fourth of July week in
trade is always dull and featureless, and last week
\\i* no exception to the rule. Outside of Wall
\treet there was nothing new worthy of comment,
and even in that fecund nest of sensations matters
\vere decidedly xame. There were fluctuations up and
'down. -but as the week advanced the market devel
oped a better tone, though business was lacking.
Private wires received in this city from stock oper
ators there said that the great bulk of the liquida
tion was probably over, that crop news was better,
and that the tone of the financial situation was un
doubtedly much improved.
Still, there is a cloud hanging over the market in
the form of the regular moving of the trops in the
fall, which will require the usual large blocks of cash,
and although the bank?, both at New York and
Chicago and even in the West, have been providing
reserve* for this movement for some time it is recog
nized that th? gre?t bulk of the burden will after all
fall upon the New York banks. This tends to create
more or less anxiety regarding the course of the
money market later on, and causes more or less hesi
tation in finances. This periodically recurring appre
hension over the autumn money market will continue
'until the country adopts a more elastic currency
MONDAY .r~ JUL-Y fr 1903
JOHN D. SFRECKELS, Proprietor. ¦V
/ccr«s* All Communication* to W. S. LEAKE. MonoB«r.
Asx for THE CAJJL. The Operator Will Connect
Ton With the Department You Wish.
rtBLXCATIO.V OFFICE... Market a»d Tblrd, S. F.
EDITORIAL BOOMS 21T to 221 Steven«om St.
Delivered by Carriers, 2O Cts. Per Week, 75 Cts.
Per Month. Single Copies 5 Cents.
Tens* fcr M »fl. Tn*-»"'Vrr Po»U*« <Ca»li With OnJtr) :
DATJLT rki.r. (lacteSisc SaadftT). oa« year fS.OO
DAHT <*at.t. (including Enad&r). « month* 4.OO
DAJLT CALI*-Bt Sa*W» Mouth..- '. *5«
ttTXDAT CxUa Ob« Tmx — a -*J*
WEEKX.T ***r.i t Ot>« T«*r l.OO
f I>»Jlf ... *«_SO Per T«*r Extrn
FOREIGN POSTAGE i SuswUy.. 4-15 P«r Tew Extra
I Waefclr. • 1.O0 Per Tear Extra.
All Po«tra«« term »re amtboriaed t» reeefra
fe*_Epl* ocirtea will be Sorwarded when requested.
kfall «cb>ertben la orderla* ebanc* "I mMrtsa abeald be
pej-Ocslar to rlT» both NEW ANT> OU> ADDRESS In order
to tssur* a proxapt and correct compliance wttb their requ«*t.
1118 Broadway Telephone Mala 10S3
Z14S Ceater Str*«t Telephone Xorth 77
l . GEORGE KBOGXKSS. Hantftf Forelxm AdMf.
tUlar. Xlarquett* DalldlnK. Cblcmmo.
Oxscc DUtaaae Telephone "Oeatral 202*.")
MORTOS E. CIUM3 14O6 G Street, S. W.
MXraO B. SMITH SO Tribna* DmJIdlas
HH_4J5Cn OFFICES— K7 Moat*cs>eTT. corser of Clay, epea
tastll •:» «*e!ock. WO Hayee. epea until »:30 o'eloet 6S9
UcAHlster. open uatil 9:30 o'clock. 615 Lwtls, opea until
f SO o'clock. 1S41 Klsaloa. opea nntlJ 10 o'clock. 2201
Market, comer Sixteenth, epea catll • o'clock. 108« Va
tenda. open uttU » o'clock. 1(* Elereath. opea until »
s'cloca. NW. coracr Tweuty-aecoad aud Kentucky, opea
uatU » o'clock. 2200 KUlnscre. opea until » o'clock.
Call ¦abeertbera coatfmnUtiuc a rhtifr of
realdeaee dariaa- tae eomtner month* can nave
h«-lr paper fornarded by mail <• their acw
Udreurt by BOtlfyiaa* Tne Call Baalneaa OClce.
1 ht« paper ot«11 el«© be on aale at all summer
* i norti *ad la represented <>T a local aa-eat la
nil totrm on tbe cout
Mrs. S. A. Kidder of Grass Valfey, pres
ident of the Nevada County Narrow-gauge
Railroad, Is registered at the Palace.
George T. Meyers, a State Senator of
Oregon, arrived from Portland yesterdav
nnti is registered at the Occidental.
R. Vereker. a rancher of Willows, {3 at
the Lick.
Dr. B. F. Keith of Terre Haute, Ind., is
at the Grand.
John Markley, a rancher of Geyservllle,
is at the Lick.
The Rev. F. J. Mynard of Hanford Is at
the Occidental.
J. H. Leggett, a merchant of Orovllle,
is at the Grand.
II. E. Pickett, a merchant of Placer
ville, is at the Grand.
Fred Cox. a banker of Sacramento, is
iegistered at the Grand.
Edward Walden. a fruit grower of Gey
serville, Js at the California.
T. J. White, a merchant of Denver, and
wife are registered at the Occidental.
Don Ray of Gait, former Prison Di
rfctor, and wife .are guests at the Lick.
T. J. Norton, chief counsel of the Santa
Fe road for Its Western system, is at the
"Taking Into consideration the things
Sharp has had to contend against, I think
his success as a lawyer has been remark
"Why. what did he ever have to con
tend against?"
"Everything. He came of a wealthy
family. He didn't have to work his way
through college. He never studied by the
light of a pine torch, never had to drive
a dray, never walked six miles to school
and wasn't .'compelled to borrow his
books. He had every possible facility,
and yet he has done well from the very
start."— Chicago Tribune.
Greening (shopping with his wife)-Here
is something that will make you a nice
Mrs. Greening— Oh, nobody is wearing
that this season.
"Well, what's the matter with this
"Ob. that's too common. Everybody is
wearing it."— Chicago News.
"Rafferty." said Mr. Dolan, "what do
yez think iv Venzweala?"
"Well," was the answer, "I haven't
gone far inty the subjeck. But the way
they're hemmerin' its forts I should say
it ain't necessary ty look in the geogra
phy ty learn that it's wan o" the smallest
countries an -the - map."— Washington.
"Didn't you tell me dat dog you sold me
were a huntln" dos?"
"He don' want to do nutfln" but look foh
a comf'able place to He down ln."
"Da's right. Huntin' wahm spots is his
specialty."— Washington Star.
From the pagoda of the late Prince LJ
Sum Whot we heard strains of strange
and weird music.
Turning to our guide we asked: "What
causes that peculiar melody?"
"Why." he explained, "that Is one of
the soldiers playing on his loot."—Balti
more American.
Comfort and Style.— Miss Lacey— I don't
feel comfortable In this waist at all.
Jlisa Gracey— Why not?
Miss Lacey— It makes me feel uncom
fortable because it's too comfortable to
be a good fit.— Philadelphia Press.
Stranger — Fuel is pretty costly here thin
winter, isn't it?
Fire Insurance Man (in accents of sad
ness^— Costly? Sometimes we burn a.<
high as $100,000 worth of buildings In a sin
gle night— Philadelphia Times.
Here's a man who must pay $1000 for
having said "Boo!" to a girl in the dark.
A fellow who couldn't think of anythlr.se
better than that never should hare been
left with a girl when the lights were out.
— Utlca Herald-Dispatch.
"A woman may be a pretty poor shot."
remarked the Observer of Events an;l
Things, •'but when she throws herself at
your feet she'll come pretty close to hit
ting your pet corn."— Yonxers Statesman.
Mollle— What character did you take at
the masauerade?
Chollle— I went as a fool.
"Oh, I thought every one had to wear
some disguise!— Yonkers Statesman.
For the time' being, the critics won the victory.
The/play • was a failure from a monetary point of
view.. -However, we have made a beginning, and will
try, again. If Germany takes our canned beef she
must take our drama also. We are not going to
permit this unfair discrimination among American
products. With us the dramatic artist and the meat
packer stand on a level. We are all equal. Berlin
must, take our art of every kind even if we haVe to
t>uild r a theater and- ram it down her throat.
•Surely such a plea as that. might have obtained for
our dramatic art a" gentle hearing, but it was not to
be. Probably the' critics did not like the reference to
canned beef. Probably they did not agree that Ger
man culture could becarriqd to this country by Prus
sian lieutenants of the guard and diffused throughout
society by waiters in restaurants. At any rate they
refused to accept the play. They declared it to be
a "sensations stucke;" and advised the German pub
lic and German theater managers to have nothing to
do with it. \ , .. '
"We still cherish a prejudice against American art.
As a ¦matter: of fact we can hear them say 'And must
this come too' when we recall the sky-scrapers of
Chicago, the ugly "architecture of the cathedral on
Fifth avenue and the transatlantic theatrical pieces
with which we have already become acquainted. On
the other hand we have been aroused to enthusiasm
in this very playhouse.. but .a short time ago when
.MifsrS.arah Duneafc .of OatifdrniVapfpeardrbefore us
and succeeded in elevating to ideality and -the
esthetic the most sensual of all forms of art dancing.
It showed us that even in the country across the
ocean, with its enmity for all fine forms' of art and
its dilettanteism in art. they are beginning to awaken
thoughts and ideals which are new to even the old
lands of culture on this side*. Does it not seem as
fitting for an old Prussian squire to emigrate to
the United States in order to teach the cowboy there
how to manipulate the lasso? Yet it is true that
former Prussian guard officers and lieutenants grace
New York restaurants as waiters to-day. Perhaps
the spirit of culture is conveyed to the United States
and grows there just as the steer is raised in the far
West and we receive canned beef from the New
AMERICAN invasion of Germany began with
an export of wheat and corn. That was,
quickly followed by an "invasion of canned
meats and dried fruits, and ere long we* were filling
their markets with ¦ manufactured goods. Each suc
ceeding form of the invasion roused a new set of
defenders of the home product, and the fight against
us became more and more vigorous and bitter. Still
the invasion swept along, hindered at times, but
never beaten back, until now we are attacking the
very citadel of German culture by invading their
cities with American art, amusement and entertain
• The first notable invasion of the latter kind was
the appearance in Germany of the American "Wild
West Show." It attained a triumph that encouraged
other showmen to venture, and soon the American
circus was parading the fatherland like a conqueror,
and American vaudeville stars were illuminating the
nights not only of Berlin and Hamburg, but of all
the cathedral cities and university towns. Their ad
vance was so swift that within a comparatively short
time after their first appearance they won their way
to the innermost centers of culture; and when a'
short time' ago an|American cake walk was given at
the palace of the Kaiser, American genius had a
right to 'say,"! came, I saw, I conquered."
The latest sweep bT the invasion has taken the form
of the introduction of American drama on the Ber
lin stage. This movement appears to have aroused
everything stalwart in Germany, and we learn by re
ports from Berlin that the critics and the high mas
ters of culture and of art are raging like Valkyrs
screaming for slaughter % and urging on the fight
against the insolent invaders of the classic stage of
Germany. The reports inform us that after the first
night of a presentation of an American play in Ber
lin the critics roared next morning that the play is a
proof that American dramatic art is in its swaddling
clothe?, that;-when the situations of the play are not
ludicrous they are pathetic, but not with the pathos
the author intended; and that the whole piece in con
ception, style and rendering is but a barbarism.
The manager of the theater wfio was induced to
give our art a show on his boards deemed it neces
sary, in announcing the play, to make something of
an apology and a plea for mercy in doing so. It is
reported that on the programme for the first night's
performance there was printed a statement running
thus: i ."
The completion of the battleship Mis
souri at Newport News during the pres
ent year, and the Ohio some time during
1904. will leave thirteen battleships-ln
clutllng three! 13,000-ton ships not yet
placed— to be completed between 1903 and
1&07, in addition to which there are eleven
armored cruisers to be finished within
two, three and four years. Only one bat
tleship, the Connecticut. Is building in the
New York navy yard, two battleships
and three armored cruisers in trust yards
and the remainder are distributed among
six independent private yards, on the -as
sumption that contracts for the three bat
tleships will be placed with Newport
News, Cramps' and the Camdcn yard.
Therefore, if additional ships are to be
laid down during the next two years the
Navy Department will be forced to utilize
the navy yards. An additional battleship
can be built at the New York navy
yard and two at each of the yards at
Boston, Norfolk and Mare Island.
There is a huge gong in the office of the
Chief of the Bureau of Navigation which
has not besn used . for several years, of
which the fallowing good story is told how
a civilian got revenge on a martinet of
ficer: Captain F. M. Ramsay was super
intendent of the Naval Academy from
1SS1 to 1886, and during part of this pe
riod James R. Soley, a professor ln the
navy, was head of the department of Eng
lish studies. Ramsay, while a capable of
ficer, was a perfect martinet, and above
all things delighted to show his authority
over the unfortunate civilians under his
control. Soley had a very unpleasant
life for about a year, when he managed
to set transferred to the library. In a
few years the wheel of fortune brought
about a changed condition, Ramsay be
came Chief of the Bureau of Navigation
and Soley was made Assistant Secretary
of the Navy and at once started in to
get revenue, on his old tormentor. He
ordered a monster gong to be placed in
Ramsay's office with a push button on his
desk to connect with it, and Soley had fre
quent occasion to summon Ramsay up one
flight at stairs to the Assistant Secre
tary's office. It was a loud sounding
gong ringing out with a volume and sud
denness that would startle every occu
pant on the lower floor. Its primary ob
ject was well understood and no one
sympathized with Ramsay for the hu
miliation to which he was subjected dur
ing two long years: .
The outlook for additional ships during
the next session of Congress is not very
promising. /The United States Shipbuild
ing Trust is practically out. for some In
definite period as a bidder on navy work,
leaving only five private j shipyards . at
which battleship building can be carried
on. Of these latter yards the Newport
News has already four battleships and
three armored cruisers under " construc
tion, the Cramps' yards three armored
cruisers, the New York Shipbuilding Com
pany at Camden one battleship and one
armored/ cruiser: Fore River has three
battleships, and Moran Brothers, Seattle,
one battleship. The two last named yards
are taxed, to their full limit with the
work now on hand, leaving only three
yards as competitors for the three 13,000
ton battleships to be contracted tor with
in six months..
The system of paying premiums for ex
cess of speed was discontinued in our
navy, about seven years, ago, and since
then the contractors have been content to
come up to the requirements and making
no special efforts to make records. The
handsome bonus of $175,000 earned by the
Oregon, against $38,500 for the Indiana and
$100,000 for the Massachusetts was earned
through superior design and workmanship
in details of machinery, and chiefly
through the adoption of propellers suit
able for the vessel. The propellers of the
three ships varied in their slip, being
24.85 per cent for the Indiana against 22.64
on the Massachusetts and only. 14.33 per
cent for the Oregon. The incentive to
earn a premium resulted in getting better
ships for the Government than the con
tracts stipulated, but in the case of the
four monitors recently completed it is
rather disappointing to note that the Wy
oming, built by the Union Iron Works,
makes the poorest showing. The vessels
were to make a speed of 11.5 knots on 2400
horsepower, and the trial speed data show
that the Nevada' made 13.039 knots, her
strews having a slip of only 9.57 per cent;
the Arkansas, 12.713 knots and 9-44 per cent
slip; the Florida, 12.4 knots and 24.45 per
cent slip, while the Wyoming made only
11.8 knots, owing to the excessive slip of
her propellers, which averaged 30.07 per
cent. It is safe to assume that Jf a pre
mium of $5000 for each quarter knot excess
over contract had been offered the Wy
oming Would have turned out faster than
any of jfce other monitors, while now she
I* the lowest of her class and detracts
from the*former splendid record of the
Union Iron Works. Similar disappoint
ments may be looked for in the protected
cruisers' approaching completion as well
as in the battleships and armored cruisers
under construction.
The British torpedo-boat destroyer Sy
ren established a record last month for
getting up steam. The boat was lying at
Portsmouth with a fleet of other
destro'yers ' under cold boilers ¦ when
the admiral signaled "Raise steam
for fifteen knots with all dis
patch." In fifty-eight, minutes the
Syren had steam for speed required, and
the next best vessel did not signal
"ready" until twenty-five minutes after
the Syren was far off on her course. The
Syren is fitted with water-tube boilers of
the Reed type.
The accident on board the armored
cruiser Good Hope two weeks ago, by
which seven men were scalded in the
boiler-room— three of whom have since
died—is believed to have been caused by
heavy gun firing. The concussion Is said
to have broken one of the anchor bolts of
one of the elements In the Belleville boil
ers, lifting it from Its cone and causing a
rush* of heated water under a pressure of
300 pounds into the fireroom. .
When Laughlin arrived all of the In
dtans,had gathered to receive him. They
hail 'appointed several of their number to
receive the officials of the Government
and to present them to the tribe. It was
agreed to give each Indian who is the
head of a family twenty acres of land
and $200 in cash. The land is to be held in
trust for a period of twenty-five years,
and at the end of that time Is to be deed
ed to the holder, with the understanding
that it is to be held ln severalty. The
money is to be paid at once. The Indians
accepted the proposition after a short
conference, and the surveys will com
mence within the next few days.
Reports from EIko County say that
Piute Indians are dying in large numbers
ln the vicinity of the Duck Valley res
ervation. The exact nature of the disease
is not stated, but It is understood to be
some sort of fever.
DAYTON, Nev., July 5.— The passing of
the famous Piute tribe of Indians is
realized more clearly in the recent action
of the Government is opening a greater
portion of their reservation to the public.
When the allotments were made and com
pensation was awarded it was found that
of this once powerful tribe but 100 .fami
lies remain, and a number of these are
dying off from an epidemic In the neigh
borhood of the Duck Valley reservation.
Major Laugblin, inspector of Indian res
ervations, arrived here two days ago for
the purpose of completing an arrange
ment with the Indians for the disposition
of their lands. The reservation is an ex
tremely large one, and a portion of it is
mineral land of a high quality. Owing
to the fact that it has beentreserved for
the use of the tribe miners have been
barred and prospecting or development haa
never gained headway. As soon as it is
thrown open to settlement a boom is ex
pected in the section and hundreds of peo
ple are waiting to take up property. The
opening of the country will throw all of
the mineral land out of the red man's
district. Rich timber land will also be
sold and this section of the State will
be greatly benefited.' A small portion of
the reservation will be reserved for its
original owners. This portion will be
nothing more than grazing and farming
Special Dispatch to The Call
TUCSON, Ariz.. July 5.-At the direct
request of the State Department the
United States District Attorney of Ari
zona has just completed an nvesfation
into what was reported to the Mexican
Government as a plan for an armed force
to invade the State of S° n t ora ™ * £ '" bu »:
tering expedition, there to establish an
fSndeni state. with *• *^£^
pose of annexing it to the Ln ted States
The request for such an investigation
came through the Mexican Embassador
and was at once referred to % Attorney
General's department and by Wm to the
Federal authorities of the Territorj.
ISenTx was specified as the headquarters
of the alleged revolutionists, and there
and elsewhere the government officials
made a thorough investigation.
What they discovered to bo the cau?-»
of all this trouble was that a few months
ago P. K. HIclcey. a well-known business
man. was conversing with friends on the
subject of the treatment of American
railroad men in Sonora. With some
warmth he averred that "some day we
will simply have to go down there and
annex the country to the United States.
«e went no further with his remarks;
Indeed, he forgot he had ever said any
thing 1 on the subject. But the words wer«
picked up by a passing Mexican, who told
the Mexican Consul, who passed the in
formation along through official channels.
Special DUpatch to The Call
Out of the recent forest fires in • New England
there has come an .extensive- discussion concerning
the best means of preventing any future occurrence
of the kind. : It is safe to say, however, the talk will
pass the summer season, and, when winter comes,
with its snows and its Legislatures, there will be a
complete forgetfulnes"s . of any such -thing as forest
In thi? city, therefore, Mr. Mackay will find a cor
dial and sanguine response to his wish that the cable
may prove a useful factor in the commerce of the
United States. We shall work for the realization, of
that wish, and date a new era in our local history
from the completion of this great work of a pioneer
and a native son.
In addition to this feeling of pride we have a deep
interest in the cable by reason of the advantages it
will furnish us in our expanding trade with the East.
All experience proves that the flow of commerce is
westward. Hitherto our trade has gone backward,
as it -.vere. We have looked eastward to the Atlantic
States for our markets rather than westward across
the great ocean of which San Francisco is the natural
metropolis; The daily messages which the cable will
bring us from Manila and the populous lands of
eastern Asia will tend to turn our eyes in that direc
tion, and we shall then seek in those countries a
larger market than the Atlantic States can give. It
may. of course, take years of time to achieve such
markets and to adapt our industries to the needs of
those people, but in the end we shall succeed, and
San Francisco will take rank among the greatest
commercial centers of the globe.
The completion of the cable corresponds with the
coming of a critical moment in the history of the
East and of the world. It can no longer be ques
tioned that Russia is aiming at something like a
monopoly of the markets of Manchuria and of
northern China, and it is a foregone conclusion that
should that monopoly be established it would not be
very long before the force of circumstances would
impel the Russians to even further aggressions upon
the Chinese empire. It is, therefore, altogether for
tunate that at this juncture the United States has ob
tained a means for prompt communication with the
Orient over a wire under American control, for we
are thus put in a position to keep posted on the
progress of events, and to learn promptly whatever
may happen.
To Californians the completion of the cable is more
interesting than to any other people, for it is not
only closely related to our commercial interest?, but
it is due to the enterprise of a California pioneer
nnd the energy of a native son. Every people is
naturally and justly proud of the achievements of
their fellow countrymen. That is one of the instinc
tive feelings of the human heart. It i« associated
with patriotism, and nations erect monuments, to
their great men, not only because of the honor due
to their work, but because of the glory reflected
upon the nation itself. In California we have felt a
high degree of pride in the record made by the men
who founded the commonwealth. We have delighted
in citing their works as an evidence that the men
who came to this coast to build up a new State in the
American Union represented the best elements of. the
manhood oi the time. The Pacific cable will be an
other proof of the vigor and* the sagacity of the
pioneers, and therefore the completion of the cable
is something in the nature of a Californian triumph
in the world of industry and commerce.
BY the message sent from President Roosevelt
to Clarence H. Mackay on July 4 evidence was
given that human energy has at last girdled
the globe with wires affording means for telegraphic
communication round the world. The President's
message made the circuit in twelve minutes. That
speed, which in a former age would have seemed 'like'
magic, will hardly affect the popular mind of to-day.
Indeed some may wonder why the speed is not
greater. We have become accustomed to the achieve
ments of electricity by means of wire, and "now we
have special wonder only for wireless messages and
for the marvels that are being wrought through the
mysterious forces of radium.
Despite the lack of popular wonder, however, the
completion of the Pacific cable is a great step for
ward in the advancement of civilization. The work
is more important than it seems to us, and carries
with it wonderful possibilities. It places us in close
relations to the far oft Orient and opens opportuni
ties of trade that can hardly be even so much as
estimated at this time. That feature of the work was
uppermost in the mind of Clarence Mackay in the
hour of his triumph, and his message in reply to
President Roosevelt was an expression of an earnest
hope that "the Pacific cable, by opening the wide
horizon of the great East, may prove a useful factor
to the commerce of the United States."
every bachelor to dispose. of all his railway securi
ties before he goes to the summer, resorts, and in
that way obtain a free-hand to woo and win wherever
he can. < , ' ¦!¦¦
The hymn "America" is at last to be dressed up in
a new tune. A -New York professor has been given
a "gcld/medal by the Society • of the. Cincinnati for
writing : an acceptable melody. ; The old-fashioned
one,, even though made from imported .goods, has
done trood service and will not be cast. aside without
a tinge of regret. "
The young lady telephone operators at Spokane
have struck in a body,. and one of their demands is
that they-be. accorded the privilege of dressing to
suit themselves. The. outcome will be noted with
interest, 'as woman has been absolute ruler of her
paraphernalia from time immemorial and has guarded
that right jealously.
The Consul at Kehl, Germany,^ reports to his Gov
ernment after a visit to this State that California
prunes and apricots are rapidly supplanting those of
France and Italy.-and that the outlook for v their in
creased sale in Germany is most encouraging. He
reports the California fruit to be better- and cheaper,
and says the only" objection thereto is in the kind of
boxes- used and the delay in transit. This might be
worth investigating by our commercial bodies/
There is a proposition being, considered by the
State .Lunacy Commission to make all supplies for
the State hospitals by the inmates of those institu
tions.-/ While the State hospital is of course a neces
sary-institution, any effort ; toward making the same
self-supporting will be eagerly' welcomed by the tax
payers. The making of supplies to be consumed en
tirely by the makers thereof cannot be regarded as
conflicting in any way with outside labor.
Here's a pretty state of things. Here's a pretty
howdyedo. Any law in restraint of matrimony, is as
much against public policy as a merger in restraint,
of trade. Matrimony indeed is" the suprerife merger.
Without it society could hardly get along. Iy'is a
trust that even divorce courts never bust "without re
gret and lawyers never undertake to dissolve without
charging heavy fees. If the Sherman act itand in
the way of this long established merger and trust it
is high time to begin to think out remedies. ¦"
Our schools, colleges and universities Jiave just
graduated a large number of young, men' and young
women. The youthful and ardent host* will havt
nothing to do during the summer except look for
mates. In times past the search has been free from
all business complications. No'ryoung, man has had
to begin his suit by asking the summer girl of his
choice whether or no she owns railway stock.
Neither has any girl, ( when asked to answer yea or
nay, been compelled to ask foretime in which to*
consult a lawyer as-tothe legality of the proposed
merger of property. .The result is that the. American
youth is up against a difficulty of 'a new. kind and
has an undoubted right to kick.
• Perhaps the law authority of the Sun is wrong.
Perhaps the Supreme Court, if the issue ever comes
up, will find a means of so the Sherman
act as to,permit a man who owns stock in a railway
to marry a real nicegirl who owns, stock in a com
peting line. Until that construction has been given,
however, it will be well for young men . and women
to -be. careful. Perhaps the safest •way, will be Jor.
| -^ The Spenders j
© This clever and extremely down-to-date story — a daring study \
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