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The San Francisco call. (San Francisco [Calif.]) 1895-1913, August 10, 1903, Image 1

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85066387/1903-08-10/ed-1/seq-1/

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Continued on Page 2, Column 3.
Continued on Fags 2, Column 1.
VIENNA, Aug. 9.— One explanation of
the • Macedonian, outbreak - here is that
Hilmi ' Pasha, ordered the arrest . of every
youn^&ulgarian suspect, with the result
that; mrodreds. fled to the hills and forced
the hand. of the inner revolutionary or
Ordered Wholesale Arrests.
i' r with tall the .- solemnity - arid
splendor associated with-; this, the most
magnificent rite in the Roman Catholic
Church. •, ' - : ; . •; ; ' ;
As Cardinal } Ma'cchl, ; the dean' of , the
Cardinal deacons, ! placed ; the triple , crown
on the head'.of the venerable Pontiff \ the
throng of 70,000 P persons ' gathered S within
the cathedrarburst'into'unrestrained ac^
clamatlons,* the; choir 'intoned a -hymn of
triumph and 'the. bells of = Rome' rang 'out
a joyful peal. It is fifty-seven years since
v the . Romans ; arid; Europeans yasslstedgat
such I a function in' St. Peter's. , The great
basilica, popularly, supposed'never.to have
been ' aulte - filled,, was . overflowing ._ with"
humanity. - The . papal- throne, a bewilder
ing mixture \ot gold, , red and silver, was
erected in front ; of i the ' high" altar. 1 . * f .
Contrary ; to custom on; these ' ceremonial
occasions, there were, no galleries/- so the
basilica ¦ bore 'more'. of -Its" normal aspect.
On the altar .'.which.was'dressed' in white,
stood'- the famous • silver-gold" candlesticks
and fa magnificent vcruciflx: \ All "the avail
able standing" space the cathedral
OME, Aug. 9.— The ceremony
fin ¦ of the coronation of Pope. Pius
• H H Jf X \ took /place • to-day- in * the
|B^ basilica of St. Peter's, in the
uLS lA presence of the nrlnces and
was divided, into sections by. wooden bar
riers, which, to a certain extent," kept the
vast "crowd'; in i order. » » .. ';. '
'¦¦• In the, early, hours after sunrise a thick
fog hung over Rome and^one.bank.of .the
Tiber could not • be seen from . the other,
while from, the Angelo bridge one 'seemed
to look into a" fathomless 'abyss instead
of .the . river. • The ! effect i waa ; especially
magnificent on entering the plazza'of ' St.
Peter's. 'At times* Michael Angeio's great
dome . disappeared' completely^ from .view 4
while \ at others : it appeared through | an
overflowing : mist. 'The ; morning ; wore-ori
and' th« . foe disappeared '\ and .; the '. sun
shone with all its Intensity until it became
unbearably 7 hot, .and \ the . stones, : columns
and statues' seemed to radiate the heat on
the thousands waiting 7, to -enter the
church. I- -vv.. .¦'-¦< '>'¦¦'•' --¦---•<•'. ;
( "At 6 o'clock in . the , morning ' the "ringing
of bells announced the imminent opening
of doors and a commotion "at once 'be
gan ' .among ," the^ crowd. . \ But .ten minutes
had ; to/ elaDse • before >. the -/doors • were
opened,' and leach 'seemed a centuryi to the
waiting crowd .which ' for i hours • had been
standing'.- before • the7 closed '¦ portals. ~ The
police '' and '. Italian* soldlerV' had* a' difficult
task' in maintaining .order, >aa the 1 cruah-
; .When the doors were 'opened the'tnrush
was' terrific. v . Many who started from the
bottom of the steps outside were lifted off
their. feet and \ carried into the cathedral.
It [ was a' great, human torrent 'let loose,
.thousands of -persons rushing, crushing
and squeezing amid screams, protests,
gesticulations . a nd cries . for* . help, i But
once" in the cathedral there was no escape
and the compactness of the crowd proved
to be thesafety'of'those-who were caught
in -It. Women- fainted in' comparatively
large numbers, and even men were over
come by ; heat, ' but .'no serious
were ; reported. : Fortunately there were
jVery * few ' children ' present. After . their
entrance thepeople had further long hours
of waiting, and it is computed that, the
majority, were on their feet altogether ten
hours before the ceremony. - *- . • t
- Those who* had received special Invita
tions, including', the high ecclesiastics who
were * not participants ) in the '¦ procession,
ing. and fatigue, had begun to tell on the
patience of the people.
. Inside »the Vatican palace there was no
less movement and bustle as the papal
procession, composed of about 300 persons,
all of whom had gathered early ' in the
apostolic palace, was formed.
The, Pope seemed to be the only tran
quil one among the multitude. He arose
unusually early and - took a stroll In the
Vatican garden. Then he allowed himself
to-be ' dressed by the Cardinals. He
the diplomats and the Roman aristocracy,
had a reserved entrance through the sac
risty of St. Peter's." Prince Massimo ar
rived accompanied by his daughter-in
law. Princess Beatrice, the daughter of
Don' Carlos, and they were given prom
inent seats. Duke Robert of Parma was
the only other member of the royal fam
ily" to attend. Among the aristocracy
there was. a great mixture of thoas
Roman nobles who remain faithful to tha
papacy and those adhering to the Qulri
nal. ; Sir- Thomas Esmonde, representing
the Icjsh. Parllmentary party, was re
ceived by two Knlghta of the Cape and
Sword— one -of these ¦ F. C. McNutt, an
American— and conducted to the diplo
matic inclosure.
PopePiusX Bestowing tHeAposiqUc^nedicUqn From the Throne.
To Gret the Money She Must Jilt Her
Lover and Marry
GENEVA, N. Y.. Aug. 3.— Jesse Hart,
i pretty young domestic of this town,
received word to-day from Seattle. Wash.,
that her uncle, James L. Hawley, a mine
owner, had died leaving her his entire
fortune of f2 ,OW.OO0.
MIfs Hart Is engaged to marry a young
rnsn who works on a farm near here, but,
according to the provisions of her uncle's
tvil! # ehe must, in order to inherit his for
tune, marry Jerome Medley of Dawson
City, Alaska, whom she has never seen.
Otherwise the money will go to other rela
tives or to charity. A letter to Miss Hart
from a Seattle lawyer says that the young
man is the son of her dead uncle's chum,
Joseph Medley, who went West from Chi
cago with the deceased Hawley in 1835.
"I shall make up my mind in a few
days." the said. "If I give up my in
tended husband I lose a vast fortune.
My uncle was always queer. He was at
tached to the young man named in the
will and undoubtedly wished his family
blood linked with ours."
CHATTANOOGA. Tcnn.. Aug. 9.— The
manufacturers of Chattanooga have been
notified by the various railroads that be
ginning September 1 there will be an in
crease on freight consigned to the Pa
cific States, the advance to be equal to
the rate between ail Southern points and
the Mississippi River. The increased
rates will affect all shippers south of the
Ohio and east of the Mississippi rivers.
- All freight received in this territory
from the Pacific States or imported goods
coming by way of San Francisco will be
subjected to the same Increase as goods
ehixped from here.
The Foreign Minister has informed the
representatives of the powers that the
| Government will use its utmost endeavors
i to quell all unrest in Bulgaria occasioned
by the events In Macedonia, but the pow
ers must do their part to take the neces
sary steps to induce the Porte to stop the
persecution of the innocent and the em
ployment of Bashi-Bazouks in suppress
ing the revolution. The massacre likely
to follow the letting loose of the Bashi-
Bazouks, added the ' Minister, is likely to
precipitate the movement in Bulgaria In
tfavor of the revolution and thus force the
hand of the Government,"
The Bulgarian Ministry Is closely watch
ing the situation In Macedonia and has
decided to increase the frontier forces.
Orders have been telegraphed to the fron
tier authorities to redouble their vigilance
and prevent all unauthorized persons, as
well as insurgent bands, crossing the
Turkish frontier. ' *
"The fighting area is widening and will
gradually embrace f very villayet in Mace
donia until the autonomy of the country
has been gained by force of arms or by
the Intervention of .those great powers
which desire peace. Not until then will
we lay down our arms."
The Macedonian revolutionary commit
tee is now drawing up and will shortly
circulate a declaration addressed to the
powers explaining Macedonian grievances
and the object of the revolution.
SOFIA, Bulgaria, Aug. 9.— "Nothing caji
end the present revolution in Macedonia
until our national aspirations are satis
fied or those fighting to attain them are
This was the concluding sentence of a
statement made to-day to the correspond
ent of the Associated Press who is Inves
tigating the situation in Macedonia by
the Macedonian committee at the revolu
tionary headquarters here. .
Boris Saraffof, the head and front of the
movement, is with the insurgents In
Macedonia. Ills representatives here be
lieved that the desired results would be
gained through the present movement.
\ "The object of the present rising," said
the Macedonian committee, "is to win re
form which will assure the Christian peo
ple of Macedonia security for their lives
and property and the right to participate
in the administration of the country.
"The present revolutionary organization
came into existence nine years ago, when
the persecution of the Bulgarian popula
tion of Macedonia became flagrant. To
day all Macedonia is embraced in the
movement, and though it. was not Intend
ed to strike so soon, because the prepara
tions for the rising were not sufficiently
completed, the recent outrages of the
Turks, the massacres of the innocent, the
pillaging of villages and the extortion of
heavy fines on various pretexts so exas
perated all that the insurrection was de
cided upon, no matter what might be the
Revolution Will Not End Until Na
tional Aspirations Are Satisfied.
The captain of the steamer El Capitan.
which pliee between Vallejo Junction and
Vellejo reports having seen the Heine
shortly before the disaster occurred. He
rays she ha<i ail sails set and was in
danger at that time, as a stiff breeze was
blowing. Many of the residents of
Vallejo. reports having seen the Heine
Cove to-day and as the ill-fated yacht
\cas headed for that point when It sank
it was for a time feared that the list of
browned would be found to be much
greater than at first reported. It was
learned late this afternoon, however, that
only four lost their lives. As the flotilla
of yachts headed homeward with flags
flying at half matt to-night it was a
E'.ght which brought sorrow to the hearts
of every citizen of this town. The most
profound sympathy is felt for the fam
ilies of those who went down to tfcath in
the yacht.
The Heine was a 30-foot Eloop owned
End built by Har.son and it is eaid was
not properly ballasted. Hanson was
¦warned that the yacht was not safe with
out more ballast and boatmen who were
aware of her condition were not sur
prised to learn of the disaster.
The only eyewitness to the accident
f o far known, was a lady on the Crockett
shore who saw the yacht sikk. She
quickly spread the alarm.
The steamer Dauntless was tied up at
the Crockett sugar mill and as soon as
the members of the crew learned of the
disaster they started out in a small boat,
but before they reached the spot where
the yacht sunk the men had disappeared
Jjeneat-h the waves.
BENICIA. Aug. 9.-The yacht Heine.
formerly the Trilby, of the Vallejo Yacht
Club, capsized In the bay off Crockett
this morning while beating her way to
Glen Cove in a heavy gale and sank, car
rying her crew of four men to the bot
tom of Carquinez Straits. The crew
consisted of William Hanson, David Wil
eon, Emile Chilene and Herman fcralomon.
Hanson was t!*e owner of the yacht and
was employed by the Government as chief
machinist at ILare Island navy yard. He
was attached to the torpedo boat de
etroyer Perry and was in charge of the
engines when that craft carried President
Roosevelt to Vallejo and Mare Inland in
May last. Wilson was employed In S.
M. Levee's dry gooSs store in Vallejo.
His relatives Ijx'e in Kansas. Salomon
and Cfc:j«?ne were prominent business men
or Vallejo and both leave families to
mourn their Iocs.
Special IMsratch to The Call
Disaster Due to Craft's
Not Being Properly
"Men who have been guilty of a crime
like rape or murder should be visited with
ewift and certain punishment and the just
effort made by the courts to protect them
in their rights should under no circum
stances be perverted into permitting any
mere technicality to avert or delay their
punishment. • The substantial rights of
the prisoner to a fair trial must, of course,
be guaranteed, as you have so Justly in
sisted. That they should be made subject
to this guarantee the law must ¦ work
swiftly and surely and all the agents of
the law should realize the wrong they do
when they permit justice to be delayed
or thwarted"' for technical or insufficient
reasons. We must show that the law is
"Moreover, every effort should be made
under the law to expedite the proceedings
of justice in the case of such an awful
crime, but It cannot be necessary In order
to accomplish this to deprive any citizen
of the fundamental rights to be heard In
his own defense which are so dear to us
and which lie at the root of our liberty.
It certainly ought to be possible by the
proper administration of the laws to se
cure swift vengeance upon the criminal,
and the immediate efforts of all legisla
tors. Judges and citizens should be ad
dressed to securing such reforms in our
legal procedure as to leave no vestige of
excuse for those misguided men who un
dertake to reap vengeance through vio
lent methods. .
"All men must feel the gravest alarm
over the growth of lynching in this coun
try", and especially over the peculiarly
hideous forms so often taken by mob vio,
lence when colored men are the victims,
on which occasions the mob seems to lay
most weight not on the crime, but on the
color of the criminal. In a portion of these
cases the man lynched has been guilty of
a crime terrible, horrible beyond descrip
tion, a crime so horrible that as far as he
himself Is concerned he has forfeited the
right to any kind of sympathy* whatso
"The feeling of all good citizens that
such a hideous crime shall not be hideous,
ly punished by mob violence is due not in
the '.east to sympathy for the criminal, but
to a very lively sense of the train of
dreadful consequences which follow the
course taken by the mob In exacting in
human vengeance for an inhuman wrong.
In such cases, .moreover, it is well to re
member that the criminal not merely sins
against humanity in unpardonable fash
ion, but sins particularly against his own
race, and dots them a wrong far greater
than any white man can possibly do
them. Therefore in such cases the col
ored people throughout the land should in
every possible way show their belief that
they, more than all others in the com
munity, are horrified at the commission
of such a crime and are peculiarly con
cerned in taking every possible measure
to prevent its recurrence and to bring the
criminal to immediate Justice. The slight,
est lack of vigor, either in denunciation
of the crime or in bringing the criminal to
justice, Is itself unpardonable. '
"My Dear Governor: Permit me to
thank you as an American citizen for the
way in which you have vindicated the
majesty of the law by your recent action
in reference to lynching. 1 feel, my dear
1 sir, that you have made all men your
debtors who believe, as all far-seeing
men must, that the well being— indeed,
the very existence— of the republic de
pends upon that orderly liberty under the
law which Is Inccmpa table with mob vio
lence as with any, other form . of jdespo-
Usm. Of course, mob violence is simply
one form of anarchy;. and anarchy is now,
as it always will be. the handmaiden and
forerunner of tyranny.
"I feel that you have not only reflected
honor unto the State which for its good
fortune has you as its chief executive,
but upon the whole nation. It is Incum
bent upon every man throughout this
country not only to hold up your hands
in the course you have been following,
but to show his realization that the mat
ter is one of vital concern io us all. . •
OYSTER BAY, N. Y.. Aug. 9.— In a let
ter, the publication of which was author
ized to-day. President Roosevelt com
mends Governor Durbin of Indiana for
the attitude he assumed recently respect
ing lynching. The President also em
braces the opportunity to express his own
views In reference to lynching and mob
violence as one form of anarchy, and that
anarchy a forerunner of tyranny. The
President vigorously urges that the pen
alty for crimes that induce a resort to
lynching shall be applied swiftly and sure
ly, but by due process of the courts, so
that it may be deemed strictly "that the
law is adequate to deal with crime by
freeing It from every vestige of technical
ity and delay."
President Roosevelt's letter in full to
Governor Durbin follows:
"OYSTER BAY. N. Y., Aug. 6, 1903.
Some Greek peasants were killed in one
of the Kasas of the villayet of Monastir,
and in the villayet of Okhrleda the insur
gents attacked some Mussulman villages.
They everywhere displayed rage and fero
city, and the Mussulman inhabitants
were greatly terrorized.
The Government is taking every meas
ure possible to suppress the rising. Eight
more battalions have been ordered to the
villayet of Monastir. M. Maurocordato.
the Greek Minister, has made representa
tions to the Porte on behalf of the Greek
M. Rostkovzkl, the Russian Consul at
Monastir, it turns out, was murdered on
Sunday morning by a Zaptie, a member
of the Turkish police, who was on duty
outside the consulate. The assassin was
arrested. The Grand Vizier and the Min
ister of Foreign Affaire,' called j on the
Russian Embassador, M. Zinovleff, and
expressed the Government's deep regret
over ' the occurrences '. ">"7* t r^-"*- v ***^*_*^ r *
M. Rostkoyzki .waa about. 40 years old,
a- married man 'with one daughter..
Ttie official Fremdenblatt contends that,
authough he was a victim of a Turkish
bullet. . the Macedonian Committee is re
sponsible for his murder and that Russia
will know where to place the blame. •
CONSTANTINOPLE, Aug. 9.— Late dis
patches from HUmi Pasha, Inspector gen
eral of the reform movement, announces
that 'insurgents in large numbers in the
district of Clisuri, villayet of Mbnastlr, at
tacked the village of DJlvarek, near Kas
toria, massacred the inhabitants, includ
ing women and children. Then they furi
ously attacked neighboring villages,
taking many captives, some of whom were
burned alive.
Urges Swift Application
of Penalty for Infa
mous Crimes.
Assailants Visit Their Fe
rocity Upon Women
and Children.
Yacht Heine Is Sunk
in a Gale Off
Declares Mob Violence
to Be a Form of
Ruthless Slaughter of
Peasants in the
Four Residents of
Vallejo Are
Commends Course
of Governor of
Insurgents Mas
sacre Monastir
The San Francisco Call.

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