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LONDON, Nov. 7. — For some unex
plained reason there has been a great Interest in What London folk call "hooliganism." The riotous street demonstrations on "ilafeklng Night" and in celebration of the close of the Boer War taught the etream of toughs who poured out from Whlteehapel Into the West End that the renowned London "bobby" would not be everywhere at once, and that with a ra tio of twenty hooligans to one bobby quite a bit of law-breaking might be done In more safety than had been sup posed. Since then a number of solitary way farers have been attacked and robbed ar.d two or three have been murdered — all of which was most disconcerting to the independent English woman, who has taken to going on bicycle rides into the country by herself and to walking about the city streets in the daytime without the chaperone who was considered so r.ecessary a few years ago. Lady Jeune had her pur&e wrenched from her re cently by a hooligan in the fashionable Kensington district of London, and Lady Mary Sackville was robbed of her bag nr.d chatelaine not long ago by a rough, ¦who assaulted her and decamped. Many other attacks of the sort have been made on less famous folk. PABASOL T?HE WEAPON. In consequence of this state of affairs it occurred to a young French woman, the wife of the famous French swords mar., Pierre Vigny. to undertake the in struction of Englishwomen in the art of »df-defense with a parasol or walking stick, according to a system devised by I.er gallant husband, who has devoted years to its perfection. It may best be described as a mixture of the various methods of self-defense practiced In England. France. Germany and Japan. Many of the passes, thrusts and wards used* in fencing are comprised in it. S"rn« of the guards used by boxers and t!i<* movements of the leg and foot prac- T ; -fd by exr^r.ents of French boxing are 5ntro<3-.!e«Hi. as well as certain methods peculiar to Grman swordsmen and pro f«FsorF of the rapier. Numerous~tricki by "invincibles" soon after the Phoenix Park murders in 1S£2, has since learned fencing. INVINCIBLE IN THBEE MONTHS. But fencing must not be confounded with the method of self-defense with an umbrella or walking stick. This system both write and have decided leanings to ward practical Journalism. Her Grace has written two books. "A Lover of the Beau tiful" and "Capricclos," while as a con tributor to the English reviews she Is well known. The Duchess of Leeds is a philanthropist in her own way, which way London Women Start Vigorous Campaign to Stamp Out "Hooliganism." LADIES OF THE ENGLISH ARISTOCRACY ORGANIZE FOR PROTECTION AGAINST HOODLUMS WITH THE SIMPLE PARASOL AS THEIR WEAPON WOMEN OF LONDON'S, ARISTOCRATIC SET AND THE METHODS BY < WHICH. THEY; ARE DEVELOPING THE, PARASOL INTO A SIMPLE AND EFFECTIVE WEAPON OF SELF-DEFENSE. LONDON. Nov. 7. — According to a true story Just told to me by a close friend of the Duchess of Marlbor- * • - ough, there" appears to be an enter taining element , superstition in., her character. Four years ago she was nego tiating for the purchase of Kylemore Castle, which became the property, of the- Duke of Manchester a few weeks ago; thanks to Papa Zimmerman's millions. The Duchess was so J satisfied with Its beautiful situation . and magnificent ap pointments that money would not stop her from possessing: it. She was on the point of paying a de posit and the auctioneer's fees when sha heard that the only daughter of Mitchell Henry, who built the mansion, was drowned in the lake within the Immediate sight of the drawing-room. She j sent a special messenger to the auctioneer ask ing him If the story was trde, and on being informed that It was so, she In vited him to send In his account for any out-of-pocket expenses the negotiations had cost him, at the same time advising htm that she would not have the mansion as a gift. i %L • . The auctioneer was not pleased and he insisted that the Duchess should carry out the contract. The' price agreed upon at the time was $330,000, which was $23,000 more than what the Duke of Manchester has now paid for it. The auctioneer was entitled to 1M per cent on the sale, and he felt that the Duchess should pay him an amount equivalent to that. The Duchess retaliated by saying that if he desired to k give publicity to the ghost stories she had heard about Kylemore castle, its lakes and beautiful waterfalls, she was ready to go Into court, and she there and then submitted the names of Duchess Consuelo Has Dread of Ghosts. her solicitors who would accept service on her behalf. The auctioneer, a man named J. H. North, collapsed. Loie Fuller, whose engagement at th© Palace Theater of Varieties. London, is now on, is stopping at the Savoy Hotel. London. Miss Fuller's dresses, off tt»» stage, are. as usual, attracting attention by. virtue of their simplicity and similar ity. -They are all made in the old-fash ioned short walsted fashion Miss Fuller has so long a (Tec ted and are the work o T the best Viennese tailors. In private life there is no more quietly dressed woman than Loie Fuller. She loathes "make-up" and will not even use powder anywhere but in the theater. Miss Fuller, much as she enjoys her dancing and the success she has had with It, loves better than it or anything els» that interesting home of hers In Paris. Few people are aware that she is a scientist of no small scholarship and that in her Parisian back yard there stands a well equipped laboratory. There Miss Fuller performs the experiments from which she evolves the marvels of her dance. Those who think "La Loie" any thing like the ephemeral creature of her professional life are much mistaken. She is a singularly serious-minded, rtudioua woman. Few of her friends are theatri cal folk. She has a sort cf salon and the men and women who compose it are the leading scientific and artistic lights j of Paris. The stage element is notable for Its absence. Miss Fuller has another deep affection besides that for her home. She is de voted to her Invalid mother. Only inti mate friends of the family have any real understanding of the bond existing be tween this mother and daughter. The sacrifices of both time and money the dancer has made for Mrs. Fuller's sake are infinite. Once when, after a long and tedious Journey, she had reached the Rus sian frontier en route to fulfill an en gagemeat in St. Petersburg, Miss Fuller received a telegram saying her mother* was ill and "want3 to see you." As a result the contract was broken, thou sands of pounds forfeited and Miss Ful ler returned to Paris. How Tragic Story Stops Sale of an Estate. ar* borrowed from the marvelous Jap anese system known as "Ju jit su." or weakness against strength, against Which ritzsimmor.s would be as helpless 8S a babe, and any delicate lady who be comes proficient In the art can rest as sured that she is a match for at least or.e or two roughs so long as she retains her presence of mind and her umbrella! The accompanying photographs, made tor this article, and for which Mme. Vigr.y consented to poee. give a better Idea of the system than any description could. KHJG PETEB A3 A BOXER. Mme. Vigny and her husband have had quite a number of distinguished pupils. including the present King of Servla, Peter Karageorgevltch. Vlgny says King Peter is a splendid, all-round athlete, and adds that, should another revolution deprive him of the blood-stained crown he wears. Klr.g Peter could readily earn his living es a boxer or teacher of fenc ing. "H« is *o clever with a waJking- Btick,*' «ald M- Vlgny, "that I would back him against any twelve men. armed with sticks, swords or daggers — anything, in fact, but firearms. If the late King had but known the system, there would have been a different tale to tell! He Is a flaa fellow Is King Peter_ unassuming, bold, frank, with eyes that pierce you through and through — the eyes of a Bwordsman." A CUBE FOB STAGE FBIGHT. Queen Elizabeth of Roumania (Carmen Eylva) is another royalty who has been taught fencing by Mme. Vigny. Her Majesty learned this art because she de clared it gave her so much confidence In herself, especially when she was about to lecture. Bhe has no fear whatever of assault, but Queen Elizabeth declares, that the eelf-poEsession which the knowledge cf fencing has given her has proved to bo an excellent antidote to etage fright and nervousness from which she used to suf fer whenever ehe lectured. An English society lady who is famous as a fencer is Miss Toupie Lowther, who could probably hold her own against any champior. of the small sword or rapier on the continent of Europe. Miss Baden-Powell, the sister of the famous general, impressed by her broth er's adage that "a emile and a stout stick will carry one through any dif ficulty," has become proficient in self-de fense with a parasol and walking cane. Lady Florence Dixie, who was attacX*d does not take long to acquire. After three months' tuition an average young girl would be equal to almost any emergency. No matter how well a rough might box, he would have no chance to get in a blow and he would be powerless to , protect himself from terrible punishment in the shape of thrusts or prods, and while v stag gering from the effects of these, he .would receive blows on the head and face that would speedily dispose of him. ' Further more, the pupils are taught how to trip an adversary up and throw him with tho handle of the umbrella and how to throw him should he close, after the manner of the Japanese. A combined knowledge of the laws of dynamics and anatomy can always defeat mere strength and in a street fight where the Queensberry rules of the ring are not observed, the skilled pugilist would be at the mercy of the child who understands these arts and possesses the nerve to put them to prac tical account. In proof of this. Is a little affair that M. Vlgny had on hand when he was mas ter of arms to the Second Regiment of Artillery, a post he occupied for three years in the French army. He was at tacked by eleven roughs armed with knives and belts In the slums of Mar- Bellies. He was only provided with a walking stick and yet emerged from the fray as triumphant as Cyrano de Berger ac after his fight on the bridge. The memory of this exfloit Is preserved in the regimental records, so there is no doubt as to Its authenticity. NEEDLEWOBK AS A FAD. The Princess of Wales, whose interest In the Needlework Guild Is International, and who returns to London early In Oc tober,' particularly to get ready for the Needlework Guild sale, will contribute work of her own handicraft. Her royal Highness was bequeathed this charity by her mother, the charitable Duchess of Teck. The Princess makes no secret or the fact that she looks on the Needle work Guild as her pet philanthropy, and she reads the reports of the Guild's work In America and other countries as care fully as if the concern were \ a business company on which her 'livelihood de pended. ; ';¦' ¦ The Duchess of Leeds, who now ha3 among her guests at Jlornby Castle the wife of the first secretary In the Ameri can embassy, Mrs. Henry White, and her daughter. Miss Muriel White, is distinctly a literary Duchess. She and her daughter perseded English and are Just now being Installed. ¦ -..-•. Peter McArthur, formerly of Truth and Life In-New York, 1 now with Punch in London, is • about to bring out his book entitled "To Be Taken with Salt." Mr. and Mrs. McArthur are particularly . well known in Detroit and that district/ their home having been . originally across the Canadian .' border from •' Detroit. ;-.'¦.. who married into . the Beresford • family, has recently made one radical change* In the domestic arrangements of ,her hus band's ancestral" place near Waterford, Ireland. Everything suited Mrs. Beresford except the ancient' bedsteads with ' which the house was stocked. She stood them as long as she could and then ; revolted." As a result AmWican bedsteads have su i, ) • ¦ i . ¦ Is helping Impecunious literary women. It Is said that she will become practically interested in an organization shortly to be formed which has for its purpose the securing of good living quarters for wom en who write. The Whites, Mrs. White and her daugh ter particularly, go one step higher In the scale "of English society every time they make a visit. The Duchess of Leeds, while wonderfully democratic la her ac tions, is one of England's most powerful aristocrats by birth. Her father was the Earl of Durham, and her husband, the tenth Duke, is cfcscended from the great Minister of the time or Charles II.' This was the first Duke and he waa Lord High Treasurer of England. Sleeves and bodice proper cut In one piece! This is the latest development of Franco-British dressmaking. The most "swagger" tailor in London has produced within the last week a marvelous gown for the thin woman. In it there Is abso lutely no chance of her being thin any longer. There is no telling where her arms begin— where her body stops. And yet It is the most fascinating of novel cre ations. The model gown in this unique stylo is made of broadcloth, one of those new terra cotta reds which are to be sf fashionable. Heavy plaits hang from thv shoulders, elaborately embroidered In fine Persian braid. The sleeves enter the gar ment in the side plaits about three inches above the waist line. The effect is much more interesting than it sounds. This fashion it Is prophesied will find special favor with the English on account ¦ of their style of figure. It Is admirably adapted to long, angular women and to small ones with fiat chests. Speaking of the color question, one shade which is about to vie with the res urrected terra cotta Is our old friend, ma roon. It and other infrequent shades of red are heralded loudly as the first defi nite decision with regard to winter wear for women. ; - Mrs. Evans "and Miss Anita Evans, wife and daughter of the United States Consul General in London, H. Clay Evans, are •out of London for the present, "touring the country districts of Southern England. Last year they spent August and Septem ber coaching through the English Lake region and through Scotland; Their pres ent trip Is also partly by coach. Miss Nell Evans, who was moloring in France earlier In . the summer, is now keeping house for her father in London. The former : Miss Iselin • of New York, SAN FRANCISCO, SUNDAY, NOVEMBER 8, 1903.