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NEW YORK. Nov. 10. — It is an
nounced that Daniel Frohman, the theat rical manager, and Miss Marguerite Illington, the actress, whose home is in Illinois, will be married in this c£y on November 22. Date Is Fixed for Frohman Wedding. WASHINGTON. Nov. 10. — Preliminary returns to the chief of the Bureau of Statistics of the Department of Agricul ture on the production of corn in 1003 indicate a total yield of about 2.313.000. 000 bushels, or an average of 25.8 bush els per acre, as compared with an avpr agL- yield of 26.7 bushels one year ago, 16.7 bushels in 1901. and a ten-year average of 23.9 bushels. Slight Falling OfC in Corn Yie'i. LEWISTON. Idaho. Nov. 10. — Mem bers of the crew have reached here re porting that the steamer Imnaha, plying between this point and Imnaha Mines, on the Upper Snake River, was wrecked this morning at Mountain Sheep Rapids, two miles below Eureka. Her cable got caught in the capstan and the boat swung on a rock, destroying the engines. The passengers were saved, but the cargo was lost. Steamer Imnaha Is Wrecked. CHEYENNE, Wyo.. Nov. 10.— Governor Chatterton will decide Thomas Horn's fate on Thursday night. Deputies with a. Gatling gun and a Hotchkiss gun are con stantly on guard at the jail in anticipa tion of an attempt of cattlemen to releasa Horn. The threat is common that taa condemned murderer will be saved from the hangman's rope. •--«.•» A bit of startling information has falteV" Into the hands of Sheriff Smalley In the form of a piece of paper on which the flj ures 11-11-11 are marked and which was thrown Into the courthouse yard where Horn could see them from his window. The same figures have been marked on buildings across the street from the Jail in plain view of Horn's cell. This is taken to mean that Horn'3 friends will attempt to liberate him on the eleventh month, eleventh day and eleventh hour, wriich would be to-morrow at either 11 a. m. or 11 p. m. FRIENDS OF CONDEMNED MURDERER MAKE THREATS Authorities Fear azx Attempt Will Be Made to Release Him From NEW YORK. Nov. 10.-Dr. Leopold Hlrschinann of this city, a cousin of Mar tin Loew, a medical student whose death occurred recently at Baltimore soon af ter his initiation 'into a Greek letter fra ternity, says ho has received detaCs ot the affair from. & student. The latter de clares that when Loew went to th# fra ternity hall to take the first degree ho was met by twenty-five men. He was told to undress and after doing so wa3 Blindfolded and taken into a room, where he was laid upon a cake of ice. He was then carried upstairs to the balcony and thrown over the rail— a drop of twenty five feet. On the floor beneath stood a number of students holding a sheet. "When Loew fell Into this." said th« doctor, "he was tossed up and down un til he was unconscious. After being re vived he was beaten until his body was a mass of bruises. "That night he was in such a wretched condition that his roommate stayed up all night with him. Whisky and quinine were- given him. during the night, and In the morning he felt relieved. "The following Saturday he took th« second degree. In the morning he was found dead and his chum, who bad just taken the first degree, was in a serious condition. The guilty ones should be sent to the gallows. They are murderers." Declares That They Should Be Hanged for Causing Loew's Death. Physician Denounces Men Who Conducted Fatal Initiation. It was left to the manager to take up th# matter of having a turnstile in the exhibition hall of the board to count the visitors who go there to see the county products. There were 10,000 visitors to the hall in October, so Manager Briggs re ported. Fifty thousand copies of a pam phlet telling about the climate of all parts of California, it "was voted, shall be sent to the fat stock show at Chicago. On motion of John P. Irish, it was voted to request Secretary Cortelyou to have space for a display of California's pro ducts in the building that will be erected for the Department of 'Commerce at Washington. Resolutions were adopted in memory of N. W. Spauldinsr, who was a member of the board at the time of his death. The board attended to several other matters. A communication from the Cali fornia Promotion Committee asking the board to appoint a member of the ad visory committee of the Promotion Com mittee was placed on file and the man ager was Instructed to write to the man ager of the committee and say that the board will extend its aid, as it has to all-organizations that work for the good of the State. It was decided to have the publications of the board, together with a descriptive sketch of the work of the board, bound and sent to St. Louis for exhibition at the exposition. Concerning the proposition to hold a citrus fair in this city during the pres ent month it was decided, in view of the expense to which the. counties are put on account of the exhibits they are pre paring for the St. Louis Exposition, tp inform the citrus growers north of Te hachapi that a citrus exhibition will be made in the permanent display of county products In the hall of the State Board of Trade this year and that the annual November citrus fair will be continued hereafter. DECIDE OTHER MATTERS. all trouble of handling it and that the twelve Apostles could not be- more honest than the people who are handling it; if that be true. - this 13 the best advertise ment in the world for the State. All you have to do is to grow the fruit and some one takes It off your hands. (Laughter.) If this is the condition of the fruit indus try of California it is a very hopeful con dition and it is a commercial one that the world can't match. It ought to be of great encouragement to us and we ought to invite immigration on that fact alone," (Laughter.) "And leave th© facts out "of it." Mr. Wooster facetiously remarked. "The nec essary thing for us to do is to get the facts and give them greater publicity. We know the wrong that is being done. If we can get at the bottom of it we should do. so. I move that a report of progress made be placed on file and that the committee be empowered to pursue the inquiry." The motion was seconded by Commis sioner Irish and adopted. SAYS STUDENTS ARE MURDERERS INVESTIGATION REGARDING THE MARKETING OF CALIFORNIA'S FRUIT PRODUCT GOES ON Preliminary Report Contains Estimates Concerning Expense of Securing Facts in Eastern Cities arid in San Francisco That Are Needed and the Board of ¦ Trade Will 'Continue Work DELIVERS AWARD TO CLAIMANTS American and Venezue lan Commission De cides Rudolf Case. Allow $75,000 Damages for Volation of Caracas Concession. WASHINGTON. Nov. 10.— A cablegram recei ed at the State Department from Caracas to-day states that the American end Venezuelan claims commission has delivered an award of $75,000 in the Rudolf cla-m. This claim was based on the vio lation by the- Venezuelan Government of a concession granted to the claimants to establish and maintain^ a market In Caracas. ; The department advice* Indicate that nrarly all of the International claims com m'.rsions have concluded their work at Caracas, the American commission having only two cases to consider. When these commissions conclude their work th© awards declared will await the decision of The Hague tribunal as to the order in ¦which they are to be paid, that Is upon terms of equality with the claims of the rations that conducted the blockade of Venezuelan ports, or whether they are to lie In abeyance until those claims are completely met by the Venezuelan cus toms. Advices from The Hague indicate that the decision of the tribunal will not long be withheld, for nearly all the pow ers party to the proceedings there already have submitted their arguments through counsel and their cases are almost ready for consideration. New Disease Baffles Physicians. NEW YORK. Nov. 10. — A strange and fatal disease has become epidemic in the manufacturing village of Helmetta, N. J. The disease is accompanied by symp toms usual in scarlet fever cases, but its progress is much more rapid. In some cases death has ensued in three days and the doctors so far have been unable to diagnose it. Seven deaths have oc curred within the last two weeks. The public schools have closed and stringent Quarantine measures have been adopted. The. victims were children with one ex ception. Noted Detective About to Retire. NEW YORK. Nov. 10. — The most dis tinguished detective of the day. Superin tendent William Melville of Scotland Yard. Is about to retire, says a cable dis patch to the Herald from Lor.don. Mel ville has had a wonderful career in de tecting criminals and has been for years known as the "protector of kings," be cause of his activity in running down anarchists. It wns he who arrested the assassin Ravachol. Deny Receiving Threatening Letter. DES MOIN'ES. Iowa. Nov. 10. — Officials ef the Rock Island Railway deny reports that a second letter has been received mckir.g threats against the road unless money was forthcoming. The right of way between this city and Earlham, thirty miles, is still being patroled. a man being stationed every two miles. Each guard walks up and down his beat the whole night long. The two suspects detained here are not seriously regarded as having any connection with the affair. THE California State Board of Trade made some- progress yester day in the matter of Inaugurating the Investigation concerning the returns California fruit-growers receive for fruits sold in the Eastern and San Francisco markets. A report was submitted by General Manager Briggs in accordance with the instructions of the board. He estimated that the facts relat ing to marketing In San Francisco could be ascertained by a competent man in thirty days at a cost, of about $150. Re garding the Eastern markets, he found that an Investigation could be made there, during the fruit .shipping season, in not more than sixty days, which time would enable the investigator to Inquire into the methods pursued in each of the several centers where California fruit is disposed of at auction. Th" cost for the Eastern Investigation not estimated. A man competent to undertake the task would be worth $200 a month, cr could earn that much in any fruit house. After tho report of Manager Briggs had been received several members of the Board of Trade spoke emphatically con cerning the existing conditions. W. H. Mills declared that the board should con tinue to search . for the facts that will benefit the fruit growers. John P. Irish said that the first step was to secure the information that would put the board on the right track. C. M. Wooster epoke to the same effect. Manager Briggs said that the board could not afford to let the investigation drop. Some additional step may be taken at the next meeting of the board. Some sur prise was occasioned before the meeting closed by a statement by Mr. Briggs that he desired to retire from office. His rea son was that he has large interests that demand much of his time and he is com pelled to attend to them. The board thereupon authorized the appointment of a committee of three to provide for the appointment of a new manager. In the meantime Mr. Briggs holds the office. The work of getting facts concerning the marketing of fruit will be taken up again as eoon as a new manager is at work. BRIGGS MAKES REPORT. The entire matter was opened up yes terday by the report submitted by Manager Briggs. It began with the resolution adopted at the Octo ber meeting of» the board, in which the manager was instructed "to report to the board the practicability of Instituting a general Inquiry Into the fruit markets, foreign and domestic, with reference to an ascertainment of all the facts relat ing to such markets, and especially with reference to the relation between the amount returned from the reported sales of fruit* and the actual amount obtained from said pales, and further, to the end that the price paid to the fruit grower of this State shall more nearly correspond to the price at which the fruit reaches the consumer. The manager is requested to report to the board at its next meet ing the practicability and cost of such*in quiry." Manager Brlggs reported that he had addressed a letter to all Boards of Trade, Chambers of Commerce and other com mercial organizations in the State and had added an appeal for Information and assistance in the work. In the appeal that went out the following was in cluded: It has Ions been an established fact that with eJl the EDlendld reputation of California fruit in the Eastern market?, the readiness with which it finds sale and the great wealth which has been made by those handling it. the grower has received proportionately but a poor return. There Is certainly no lack of demand for the SCENE IN THE ASSEMBLY-ROOM OF THE STATE BOARD OF TRADE YESTERDAY WHEN THE PLANS OF , THAT ORGANIZATION IN THE MATTER OF LOOKING INTO' THE METHODS OF FRUIT HANDLERS AND MARKETMEN WERE UNDER DISCUSSION. . , . ' ¦ .."The price of dried fruit In tho Eastern market is fixed by the buyer," said Chair man, Chlpman. '"The commission men arc the men who buy our dried fruit here and cell it inrthe East and fix their price "ar bitrarily. They commence operating be fore the fruit is ready for the market and they fix. the rate without regard to what they, can get for It in the East.".. "A large fruit grower said to me," said Mr. Mills,. '.'that everything wjls all right and .that, he had no complaint to make. I asked ¦ him what voice he had in fixing the ' price ' at which his fruit was carried and f he * said "None whatever.' I asked him what arrangements he had to make about having his fruit properly refriger ated" and- he said .'None.* I asked him whether he had a voice in saying what sort 'of 'a* box was used and he replied 'None whatever.' I asked him If he had a voice in the price at which hla fruit should be sold and he said 'None what ever.' 'Even in the price returned to you,' I ! asked, v and he said 'No, sir.' /".'Then it Is a fact,' I said, 'you raise the fruit and until you receive the money for -it- you have no voice whatever?* and he asserted that to be the fact. If this be true,", said Mr. Mills sarcastically, "it is the -greatest advertisement California can : get. /When It Is known that; It is all determined by one side— the handlers of th© fruit; if It is true that the fruit is well. marketed, it Is of Importance to the world ' to . know that If we have people here so honest that they save the grower "When a grower says it is a good thing for the Board of Trade to Investigate this matter he contradicts himself." said Mr. Mills. "Because If he is satisfied he would say, 'I 'know all about the marketing of my fruit. If I were a fruit grower I would not put myself in antagonism with the instrumentality for marketing my fruit. I could be left out There would be plenty of fruit without mine.' There is therefore no disposition on the part of the fruit growers to make themselves obnoxious. They can't afford to do It. I never ex pected any information from them. All my resolution contemplated was to make this investigation possible." BOARD DISCUSSES FACTS. nothing about It. There ought toV>e a fair* profit to the shippers. They are active and their profits are increased by the activity they put forth. What Is the price of raisins grown at Fresno? You will find that they are being sold at 12% cents a pound In San Francisco, and yet at Fres no they are purchased at 6 cents. Does it cost 6 cents per pound to distribute them to the consumer? The system of distri bution that grows raisins at 6 cents per pound and sells them at 12^4 cents is not profitable to the producer." "You will find raisins exhibited for sale in the Middle West from 4 cents up to 12% cents per pound," said Manager Briggs. "They use the cheaper raisin as a leader and ' make their profit on the higher grades. They claim that the poorer con sumer will not take It unless they can get It at the cost of other products. They argue that if dried apples can be had at 4 cents a pound they are entitled to pay the same price for raisins, and they will not buy raisins at a higher price." - "I think the proper thing to do is to find out what the different in price is In the Eastern markets," said Mr. Wooster. "I think w e ought to do it," said Mr. Sharp. "We sent a man to Hamburg to Introduce our prunes. What ought to be done Is. to go on with our investigation." "We can't afford to let this matter drop," said Mr. Briggs.. "The eyes of the consumer and producer of the State are upon us. I believe if we go at this in an energetic and conscientious manner some good will i come in the end." "This -State of indifference." said'; Mr. Mills,-"would indicate that the producers of California .are not particular • about those who wish to despoil them.; I have no doubt but. that these wrongs exist; that the producer • does not j get a proper return, and that too much of the profit is wasted '¦ between > the shipper 'and -.the consumer; I -believe' that we. should by no means let this matter drop. Tl«o fruit season is*cldsed. bur we should ' pursue our Investigations, ana .as . we nave r r<= course to' past seasons we' should pursue the inauiry." . ' * r • .... •",¦'• « "In the meantime," said John P. Irish, '.'let us ¦ eauip ourselves with the infor mation that will" put; us. on 'the . right track." •¦ ¦ ¦ ."This » Is an . inquiry > that the producer knows nothing ' about," said • Mr. ': Mills.' "The Question ' that'- is never answered 7 is; What ; is the price paid by the great mass of consumers?.- The grower, has not given any 'attention to -it;' In ; fact, he knows BEADY TO CONTINUE. "Not one," replied Manager Briggs. * "1 saw the . letter in only four papers. , I sent one ! to ' the ' Sacramento Valley ¦ De velopment Association and it took" tho-let ter up at. once. - Mr. Baird. reproduce! It In. a circular and not one single reply has come In."- .---,¦-*-- ... Mr. Brlggs had not been able to ascer tain any instance in which a different freight rate had been charged to the fruit shipper from the one actually paid- for the transportation of his fruit. to maiktt The fruit handled by the fruit distribu tors, he eald, was under- watchful- care from the time it leaves this State until it is finally disposed of. When Mr. Brlggs had - concluded • the reading of his report Mr. Stearns. of OaTc land announced that the letter sent to the Board of Trade of Oakland .was im mediately acted "up. "I had twelve copies made 'of the letter," said Mr. Stearns, "and sent them . to the newspapers and to various people and Invited them to're ply, i I would like to learn- whethar any replies were received?" ' ¦> . With respect to a' more extended inquiry such as Is involved In Investigating methods and conditions in the large Eastern markets, this, it seems to me. is not the proper time of the year to actively enter on it. The true methods employed for disposing of consign ments of fruit at auction sales and the prac tice which obtains could, it seems to me, be best learned by coming In dally contact with that | business. A man competent to-do that work and who would do it as it should be done could easily command- a salary of $200 per month or more in any fruit house where his cervices were employed. In other words that branch of the Inquiry would cost a good sal ary and all traveling and Incidental expenses during the service, and a thorough canvass nilBht take some months If carried into more than one large distributing market. It is how ever, possible that the situation in one 'would be taken as representative of all the Eastern markets. In which event possibly thirty at the outside sixty, days would be all the time re quired. ... It has been suggested o\'er and over -again that a remedy for the wrongs complained of in the local > market might be found through a corporation composed wholly of producers who 6<>ek San Francisco for disposition of their 1 fruits. Whether this Is practical or not it Is for tho board to consider. gether with his traveling and Incidental ex penses. To do this work properly an experi enced and tactful. man must be employed. This one step accomplished. It would then re main to be determined. If wrongs were found to exist, what further steps were Justified. The cost of canvassing the local or San Francisco market would.be but. trifling as compared with other branches of the work should It be under taken. Probably thirty days' canvass of this city by a competent man would disclose all that is necessary to be learned here In order to establish a fairly correct basis to work on. Tills expenditure should not exceed $150. While the opportunities in the present slack fruit market are not .as good as they could be in the height of the fruit season an Inquiry properly conducted . even, now should not be barren . of. results. In reference" to the matter of getting tho necessary information on which to base intelli gent action, there seems now but one 'effective way for accomplishing it. viz: to send an agent or agents through -the fruit- shipping districts, whose duty.lt U to work out and record facts and conditions as they are. This would entail considerable expense, viz: pay of the agent to- Mr.. Eriggs. alluded, to' the' history of the combinations. formed in this State for regulating the sale of dried fruits— prunes and raisins' particularly.- They were re ported to have had their troubles/ but the California Fruit Agency had made a marked success of handling citrus fruits. The' citrus fruit growers would not there fore be directly concerned in the investi gation . proposed by.- the. State Board of Trade at this time. . Mr. Brlggs said that co-operation. is needed bri.the part of, the fruit, growers to imake a' : success of the work in hand. Regarding the'question of co-operation -he said: _. " Co-operation .on the . part of .fruit- growers must, it seems to me, be a fundamental fea ture if a remedy is nought for the wide dif ference between the prices, consumers pay for fruit end 'the prices grower, receive. Whether the disparity In prices is the result of-Illegiti mate customs on the part of handler, of . green fruits or from any other cause little hope is there, fpr a change unless growers come to ap preciate ' the benefits of union *hd Join sin cerely and honestly In some plan that can ef fect a combination of interests. . • - CITRUS FRUIT GUARDED. It Is claimed that under the cyeration of the organization known a a the California Fruit Distributors, of which Alden Anderson la manager, there- Is small opportunity for the practice of sharp methods by commission men engaged in the fruit auction business. This organization Is a stock company In which both shippers ami producers are represented, • and fruit growers either large or Emiill are not excluded from the list ot stockholders. This would seem to be a step toward co-operation and in an effective and practical - way. I To what extent growers have taken advantage of this closer Identity with, the shipping and handling of fruit I have not been informed Extracts from letters received by the manager were read. They contained no definite information. Mr. Brlggs said that he had learned from parties well Informed in the Kreen fruit business that during the last two seasons there has been much less occasion for complaint concerning the manner of handling fruit than there had been formerly. Continuing, he said: If this indicates Indifference I on the part of growers little will be accomplished by con tinuing this method of investigation. ¦ If It' Is due to a fear that information xlven may in some way work to their disadvantage in the future with buyers or shippers of green fruit 1 am not -now able to see what argument can be used effectively with them. With respect to commercial organizations I am unable to understand why information should be withheld it they have any to give. It is b^st accounted for probably on the theory that what is everybody's business is nobody's, and by the further consideration that specific Information is not readily obtainable by them. With tbe interior press there may or may not be weighty considerations which It could be difficult for the. members of the board to understand why if any general and previous wrong exists In the manner of handling fruit, and they have knowledge of it, the fact should not be made known. •- Up to date the responses had been meager. "No information," reported Manager Brig-gs, "has been received from individuate, commercial bodies or the press that even remotely established a fact." This occasioned surprise to the manager, and he remarked: RESPONSES ARE MEAGER. shipper. In your vicinity, by personal solicita tion, by resolution and by publicity in tho newerapers, the Importance of their assistance in this matter, through sending to this office statements of the details of the cost of ship ment, prices obtained at particular times, both in this market and in the East, rates quoted for carload and less than carload lots, the cost of boxes, packing:, etc., whether less than car load rates have been charged when they have reason to believe shipment., have been made In full cars made up of small individual ship ments, and any circumstances, or suggestions that may in any way aid In this inquiry? THE SAN FBAJSrCISCO CALL, /WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 11, .1903. California, product and no rood reason for b«- i lie vinp that It should not yield the producer a good profit, but there Is a. pretty firmly • estab lished belief that certain Interests standing be tween the producer and the - consumer' have worked to the disadvantage- of the men who by their skill and industry have made the State's great wealth in horticultural resource possible, ; It is the purpose of the State Board of Trade to make such inquiry as shall establish the manifestly unjust conditions in the handling of fruits with a view to securing: a remedy and .bettering the growers" position. In this in quiry the greatest possible assistance can be rendered by the growers and shippers of fruit. i and this letter is written to you asking your co-operation. Will you not urre upon the growers and 3 ADVERTISEMENTS. Good Points About Good Clothes C, There are four essential points in regard to good cloth- ing that you should consider. 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