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The San Francisco call. [volume] (San Francisco [Calif.]) 1895-1913, January 01, 1904, Image 2

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Colonel Artimeff Declares That the
Japanese Apparently Want War.
.WASHINGTON, Dec. 31.— A postof
tic6 has been established at, Electron,
Pierce County, Washington. , with Au
gust W. Neubauer a3 Postmaster.
Fourth class Postmasters commission
ed: California— Betteravia. Martin L.
Smith; Hynes. Edward C. Draper: Carl,
J. C. Lovin: Cuba. James C. Rioden:
Dyerville.. Patrick E. Garland. Rural
free delivery* will be established at
Sheridan, ya-mhill County. Oregon,
February 1. with one route.*
Chances in the Postal Service.
HAVANA, ..Dec. . 31.— Fargo Squiers,
to years of age, eldest son of United
States Minister Squiers, was accident
ally shot arid killed to-day by; Gaston
Mitchaud, a chauffeur / employed by
Minister ' Squiers.' .
' Ycyng Squiers and several servants
were/shooting at a ; target in the coach
house^CA the Minister's home in. the
suburb of Marianao. ¦;_ They were using
22-callber. rifles and one of them ap
parently' got out 'of order/ Michaud,
after examining the weapon, ;relocked
it,^, when. suddenly it was discharged in"
the .direction of Squiers, who was
standing betvyeeri Michaud and the tar
get. ,' The ball penetrated the young
man's left ¦. lung, a ; hemorrhage ensued
arid within half an hour Squiers. was
dead. :; -i : /. *< •-/ . ., ¦„: ;. -' C
g.There is no ; member -j of ; the ":¦ Squiers
family, in Cuba' at presentl < ¦
CHICAGO, Dec. 31.— A strike; of en
gineers was declared to-day against 121
office buildings in Chicago. Engineers
have been called out at the "Masonic
Temple, the Schiller and "the Fort
Dearborn buildings. Agents cf the
union say men will be called out of
many more buildings. The strike was
ordered, upon" the^refusal of ; the Busi
ness Managers' Association to pay; the
scale demanded— 37& cents per hour.
It was announced that the union was
backed by the Steam Power
and expects to shut off the coal sup
ply of the, buildings which have been
placed under the union's ban. -
TUCSON, Ariz., Dec. 31.— The big
Commonwealth gold mine at Pearceis
doomed. The timberings on many levels
have already yielded to the enormous
weight and several disastrous caves
have followed. \ The company, realizing
that . a ' general collapse /of • ; all j of the
present workings is unavoidable, has
shut down the. mine and; reduction
works and even the timber men have
been forbidden to enter the shafts.
¦ ; The 1 2C0 men 'employed by the com
pany have been discharged.; The fires
have been. withdrawn. ana the town; of
Pearce, which- depended most entirely
on this rntne.Mvill shortly be deserted.
.- The 5 Commonwealth , ; is j numbered
among 5 the best' producing mines inthe
Southwest . and ' , it : is known . to ' have
yieldedits owners several millions dur-'
ing'thesix years it has been in 'opera
tion. :: .7' . . -
Special Dispatch to The Call
Gunboat Vicksburg Is at Chemulpo.
WASHINGTON. Dec. 31.— A cable
message to the Navy Department, to
day announces the arrival of the gun
boat Vicksburg at Chemulpo, Korea,
where she is expected to remain for
some time for the protection of Ameri*
can interests.
Belatiye of the United States
3Iinister at Havana the
Victim of -an Accident
Chicago •Union Calls Out Its
Members AVho Are Employed
ih Large Office Buildings
Famous Mine of. Cochise County
in Arizona Shuts Down
When Earth Endangers Life
Minister here, has been conferring;
actively with Foreign Minister Lams- '
dorf, notwithstanding the fact that the.
Japanese official is suffering severely
from a cold and from lumbago^.
On the' other hand, the Miners' Union
insists that the situation has not
changed because of the four months
of idleness, and the strike or lockout
will be maintained as rigidly as at the
, WASHINGTON, Dec. 31. — Contracts
to-day by the War De
partment for the transportation of
c^viltin passengers from the United
States to the Philippines. All busi
ness, from Denver west goes to the
Southern Pacific and the Union Pa
elric. they belns the lowest bidders
from Denver west. - r*
East of Denver is to'- bd divided
equ^]iy between those two roads on
the' one hand and a group consisting
of the Northern Pacific, the Great
Northern and the Chicago, Burlington
and Quincy on the other, the bids
being the same. The rates vary from
$125kfrora San Francisco to Manila tr,
S1T5 from New Yo?k to Manila, Under
one contract passengers will go by way
of San Francisco and by the other by
¦way. of Puget Sound. : - ' . :
Complete Arrangements for the Carry.
Ing of Civilian I*aj«5engers From
United Stqtes to the Philippines,
KESWlck". Dec. 31.— Four months
ago the Gladstone Mining Company
at French Gulch,' in this county, had
trouble with the Miners' Union as to
hours- and wages, and to forestall a
strike ordered .1 lockout. Seventy-five
jni.ners were discharged. No effort
was made to secure non-union men,
as the company was anxious to re
build its cuartz mill and double its
capacity. The shutdown gave the
opportunity. " The mill nosv has-been
completed, and the company. : in T ;or
cter to get men to operate with, is in
ducing laborers to come in, assuring
them that no labor troubles exist.
Miners "Locked *Out Four Months Ago
Will Seek to Prevent Employment
of: Non-Union Men.
I'orricn Office Declares Noyiins IIhs
Been Decided Resardins Matter.
ST. PETERSBURG. Dec. 31. — Th*
Foreign Office declares- nothing has
yet been decided regarding Russia's
reply to Japan. Kurino. the Japanese
LONDON, pec. 31. — The British
third-class cruisers Intrepid. and La
tona have been docked at; Portsmouth,
in preparation for foreigg service. It
is understood that tht?y will proceed
to China. It \f, asserted in Dublin that
a number of naval reserve men of that
district have been instructed to be in
r*>adine«H to embark oh the third
class cruiser Melampus, if the mobili
zation .of the reservists ds ordered.'*..- •
Groat Britain Is Preparing .Her Ves
sels for Foreign .Service.
TOKIO, Japa.n."Dee. .31. — The com
pletion of all the necessary prepara
tions for eventualities has been fol
lowed by a temporary lull, pending
the receipt of Russia's r*eply. It is
reported at Seoul that the Russian
Minister is trying, by every means, to
induce the Korean court to grant Rus
sis a lease of ilasampho ais 4 naval
station. The unreat in Southern Korea
contlmzes. -.•*¦/" v-.-.-
All Necessary Prepa rat ions, for Event
ualities Have -Been Completed.
i VALLEJO, Dec. 31. — Saturday, * .next
will be a notable day in the hisfory ol
the Mare Island. Navy Yard, when the
I official ceremonies will take place In
connection with the laying of the keei
of the new steel training ship Intrepid.
Rear Admiral McCalla, Naval Con
structor Zahm, F. R. Devlin, president
of the. Vallejo Chamber of Commerce;
Mayor P. B. Lynch and other persons
will take part. In connection with, this
event the following letter from Admiral
i McCalla has been issued:
MARE ISLAND, Cal.. Dec. CS. 1903.
Dear Sir: I beg 'to Inform you that
it is the present intention to make the
official laying of theke#l of the train
ing ship Intrepid, to built at this
navy yard, an occasion of ceremony at
noon on Saturday. January 2. and tc
express the hope that we shall have the
honor of your company upon that oci
casion. The nava! instructor has sug
gested that perhaps you may be. willing
to do us the favor to form one of the
"riveting gan?" to drive the first rivet
in the IntrepW's keel. Hoping you will
accede to this suggestion. I have ths
honor to- be very sincerely.
Rear Admiral. U. S. N.
Admiral McCalla Invites Men
• •' to Hammer at the Keel
• • of . the Ship • Intrepid
The Manchurian correspondent of
the Moscow Gazette says the Chinese
plan, in the light of a campaign, is to
concentrate 5000 picked troops along
the line of .the Siantun branch of the
Manchurian railroad and cut the com-!
municaticr.s, thus isolating
chwar.g and Port Arthur. He. adds
that the reoccupation of Moukden by
the Russians was effected chiefly for
the purpose of checking this rnpve.
There is no war talk, however, .nor
excitement. The general apathy of
the Muscovites is c evidenced by the ab
sence of slightest editorial refererjee
In the Moscow daily newspapers. The
news which !s filtering in is published
without comment.
MOSCOW, "Dec. 31.— The imposition'
of war risks to-day by the insurance,
companies on "shipments hence' to the
Far East was the first "local intimation
that Russo-Japarjese hostilities were
considered within the bounds of pos
sibility. . • ,,>*.¦ .. •. :
Impose War Itisks on Shipment*
From Russia to the Far East".
The Kindergarten, department, of
which Mrs. Clara McQuaide of Chico
is president and Miss Mary T. Gamble
of Oakland secretary, held its sessions
yesterday morning. Addresses were
made by C. C. Van Liew, E. C. Moore,
Ray E. Chase and others.
VII." Failure to fulfill any -of the condition's
of this agreement shall forfeit the contest.
Such failure to be determined. by a committee
of three principals to be selected by the signers
of this arreement.
Before the elementary department
the following programme was rendered:
Duet, Miss Ada McDonnell and Miss Eliz
abeth Ftye, accompanied by Miss Ethelwyn
Marrack; class demonstration, "How to Teach
Reading,". S. H. Clark." University o* Chicago,
assisted by fourth grade pupils trom the
Douglass Primary School, Miss Houghton's
class;. Hawaiian songs. Miss McLennan, ac
companied by Miss .Ethelwyn Murrack; 'tenor
solo. Deputy Superintendent A. A. Macurda;
"History." Miss-Agnes Howe. San Jose State
Normal School: quartet, Denman choral, (a)
"The Swallows," (b) "A Night in May," (c)
"The- Bloom Is . on the Rye": "The .Mind of
the Child; What It Is and How It Works,"
Dr. Margaret E. Schallenberger. 3tat«- Normal
School, San.. Jose; "Arithmetic.'' Frank F.
Bunker. State Normal School, San Francisco.
V. "That candidates for the f not ball team
shall be allowed to practice not more than
twice per week on school days to within one
week of the first league game and after that
net more than three times per week en school
days, one of these to be on Friday. Ncte —
This does not exclude practice on- Saturday.
Appearance In football suits to constitute a
VI. .That no money shall be . expanded for
training nor for coaching. ¦ not ever; fop the
necessary expenses of volunteer coaches and
The closing session of the / high
school association was. held yesterday
O morning and the following officers were
elected: President, Dr. A. W. Scott of
Alameda; vice president, J. XI. Temple
toh: of Santa : Ana; . secretary, . A. E.
Shumate of San- Jose. The president
Is ex-offlcio chairman of the executive
committee and will appoint two.addi
tional members." The matter of ath
letics,* which has been widely discussed
and the cause of much dissension, was
again brought up. The following
agreement, signed by almost every high
school principal in the State, was read
and ratified:
I. That before we indorse or forward th«
Academic Athletic league certificate of any
¦ athlete he shall satisfy the following- reouire*
merits In : addition . to these demanded, by. the
league: "
(a) He shall have attained a passing stand
ard of scholarship for the preceding term of
his high school work, wherever th.U work may
have been taken, in at least twelve periods
(on a basis of twenty perloaa par week pjr.
term being required for craduatlon and two.
periods of laboratory, shop or drawing time to*
be equivalent to one period). This not to
apply to students Just entering from the gram-,
mar schools. • \..
(b) He shall, at the time, be taking twelve
periods bf new work and not less than a total
of fifteen periods. . •
II. Thnt we shall s'end with each Academic
Athletic League certificate, made out in ac
cordance with the requirements of section I."
a statement of: the number of periods taken
by the student the preceding term, Ihe num
ber In which he passpd, the number of perloSs
In which he Is enrolled and the number of
Deriods of- new work. ! These records are to
*l>tf ' Cixr'rt for inspection.- . » • ¦ ¦ ~. „• - «
III. That we Will allow -no student to rep
resent his school in any contest who is .not
maintaining, in at least twelve penctis of the
current work, a passing standard of scholar
ship. - " ' .
IV*. (a) That not less than five days. n"or
more than ten, before any dual meet .the
principals of the contesting schools shall ex
change lists of their respective team?, together
with a statement of the number of hours be
ing tak*n and the number being satisfactorily
done by each member of the team. . "
(b) That not less than flve days, nor more
than ten, before any general mc-i-t, we will
each send to the secretary of the Academic
Athletic League a list of . the team of our
respective schools, such list prepared as in (a)
of this section. These lists - are to be 'open
for Inspection at any time. _
Agreement Signed . by • Principals of
High Schools of State.
Major Devol says the transports are
being placed in condition for sea. bu;:
for what" polntjthey ' are intended he
does not know."
Colonel Frank M. Coxe, chief pay
master of the department, is of . the
opinion that the ordering of the trans
ports to be placed, in commission by
the- authorities In Washington was
not done with any special object in.
view, but merely to have them in a
sea-going condition should any emer
gency arise.
In the meantime everything? is serene
at the Presidio, and there is no indica-
tlon apparent of any movement of the.
troops stationed at that pogt.
Major William P. KendalK command
ing officer United States Army General
Hospital, returned from Washington.
D. C; last night. Whll? in the East
he selected the surgical 'apparatus for
the* .¦fine new operating, pavilion which
Is being completed at ythe post.
Tho original findings of the court
martial in the case of Sergeant Major
Otto Dreetz, who was tried some time
since" for drunkenness, have been ap
proved- by General MacArthur. The
sentence^ was ,a forfeiture of. his pay
for six months. --> . •[
The reputed orders from Washington
to the effect that practically all the
troops stationed on the coast, from
Vancouver Barracks, Washington, to
Ord Barracks, Monterey, had been or
dered to Panama, have not as yet been
officially announced from the head
quarters of this department.' ,
While the three transports- are prac
tically all about ready, to sail, no news
has been received as to what the ob
jective: point may be. Whether it be
Panama or Japan, or whether the or
der is issued simply to have the troops
ready for any general service, has not
in any way been made apparent by the
issuance of any orders from headquar
partment Receive No Advice Re
garding Movements of Troops.
Officers at .Headquarters of This De-
Much significance is given to Ad
miral Coghlan's promised action by the
fact that the - Castine was. unprepared
for the trip. She had just arrived
from Philadelphia and was coaling at
the time the news was received- of the
landing of the Colombian regulars. She
departed with the work of coaling un
completed. The Mayflower remained
at .'Colon.
Colombian regulars" have land£d oh
the San Bias coast." have, occupied ter
ritory belonging to. Panama' and have
made a prisoner of an ally, of Panama,
.an Indian chieftain. .. ." . _• V. i v
Upon the receipt of this news Admiral
Coghlan dispfcehed three United States
warships in great haste and .they are'
now on their way to the- scene. An
armed hostile force of 15£0 soldiers of
the Colombian army landed . on the
coast 200 miles southeast of Colon on
Christmas day. They seized an Indian
village and captured .Prince Inana
quina. Prince. Inanaquina is the leader"
of one of the Indian tribes which had
declared in favor of Panama and had
been rewarded with gifts of "ritles. He
formerly was a colonel in the Colombian
army, but repudiated his commission.
His tribe is now supporting the Pan
ama Government. News of his capture
and the seizure of his village was re
ceived in Colon yesterday. Admiral
Coghlan immediately summoned to his
fleet al! the marines on shr-re. His
flagship, the Olympia (protected
cruiser), the auxiliary cruiser Prairie
and the gunboat Castine were prepared
for sea and dispatched in haste dbwn
the San Bias coast. -if.' '
NEW YORK,. Dec. 31.--The " .World
has the' following \ from Colorii... Whit
is looked. upon as the first s.tcp\. toward
war on. the isthmus" has: been ta'keni.b^
Colombia. ¦¦'•j^' >'~U - ' •->''".•"
Territory Belofisrine. fo. Panama.
Colombia I^nii'.Is a Hostile 'A'orce 'on
W. WASHINGTON, Dec. 31.— Another
revolution on the Isthmus — this time
against the Government of the new re
public of Panama — is a possibility
which has been much discussed here for
two days. On the surface everything
is quiet, pending the. answer of this
Government jto the Colombian note of
protest filed by General Reyes, ,the
Colombian special envoy, but the Gov
ernment is closely watching conditions
in Panama for signs of a possible In
trigue. If a revolution develops it is
likely to come about the time the con-:
stitutional convention is called to meet
on Jaunary 20. . > A whinT of Canadian
resentment over the Alaskan boundary
settlement comes in the. shape of ap
plications from many Canadians to en->
list in the Colombian army to fight the
United States. Dr.' Herran, the Colom
bian representative here, declares that
such applications must be made direct
to the Government in Bogota.
i Colombia will not be represented at
the New Year's reception in the White
House; to-morrow. General Reyes has
asked to be exejased and Dr. Herran
will also be absent. This action shows
they regard the situation a.s considera
bly strained. ">{:
If the Colombian Government follows
the advice of General Reyes* a'li°idea of
the breaking out of hostilities between
Colombia ahd the United Ststes may.
be dissipated. Even though th°e reply
of this Government to the note of Gen
eral Reyes may not be of a, nature to
afford h!m much comfort- h'j said= to
day that he would use all th-» influence
in his power to prevail upon -his Gov
ernment to refrain from any hostile
demonstrati.on toward • thv United
States. • A war- with the United States,
he declared, would result only - in dis
aster to Colombia. Whether bo. would
submit counter proposals to the reply
•of. Mr. Hay General Reyes wa? unable
to say until he had received the docu-,
ment and gone over it in detaif.
Special Dispatch to The Call.
TOjKIO. Jan. 1.— The situation is
growing extremely -critical and it is be
lieved that thfe chances, for war are
greater -than ever.beforc. Peace hinges
on the character Russia's response.
If the Russian reply is unsatisfactory,
it is almost certain that Japan will
fight immediately. If Russia desjres
peace her position will be difficult to
maintain for the Japanese are distrust
ful of her promises.
If Russia's response is delayed for a
week it is expected that Japan will de^
mand an immediate answer. The an
nouncement that Russia is seeking
naval stations in Korea, buying stores
in America and buying coal in Japan
has increased the war spirit of the
Japanese nation. Influential news
papers are urging the Government to
promptly dispatch a fleet to guard the
Korean coast . and patrol the .Korean
The Ministers of War and . Marine,
th>ir general advisory staffs and com
manders, are conferring, daily. , Full
plans for the campaign of .the army
and navy have been prepared and the
scheme of land and water transpor- ;
tation completed. The thoroughness of
Japan's preparations is pronounced su
perior to that of Germany prior to the
Franco- Prussian war. It is anticipat
ed that Korea will be the scene of the
earliest large operations. The invasion
of Chinese territory other than by
Korea and across the Yalu River, it
Is thought, will depend on the nature
and eitent of the Chinese efforts to ex
pel the Russians from Manchuria.
Saseho will be -the principal base of
the navy and the main point for the
embarkation of troops." : It has .cot yet
been disclosed what place 0 will be the j
principal army base, nor where' the :
Emperor and his \var councillors will
|ro to direct . .
"Other, developments may be ex
pected to fol!6w rapidly now. We' are
.working on 1 other indictme-nlB and there
a're a.'number ; of. other- -am-«is to be
made. The evidence seems to be ir
refutable." % t"': *•-* . . - ,;
<v rhe Grand Jury took up Benson's
case' on Monday.' We had beon prepar
ing it for some time. We had him. ar
rested in Washington on a warrant be
fore an indictment had been "obtained
because, we were informed' that he in
tended to leave Washington. That
case now will be dropped as the in
dictment covers all that ground and
much more. We were informed again
this week that Benson intended to leave
New York. It was thought' host not to
allow hinv'to get "further away from
us without an. indictment. •
• .'."Not caring to wjait." ssid he, -"the
F£der8l . officials." yesterday in
dicted Mr.- Benson on the identical
cha'rge he was arraigned on there. We
Expect-, to "be able to show that Benson
h o ad .been guilty of n<)'.such crime. We
jvill furnish bail/for him to-morrow."
WASHINGTON*. .Dec. 31.— Secretary
KTitchcock to-night* said regarding the
arrest of John A. Benson in Now York:
• . "I have been, informed 4hat feenson
was arrested this afternoon on an irf
d-jctment found by "the Grand Jury and
that he was hej[d in $10,000. bail for a
hearing on January 11 bf fore ; the
United States Commissioner in New
York relative, to his return to the Dis
trict of Columbia for. .trial.
After his arrest the accused was tak
«en before United States Commissioner
Shields, who* set his examination for
January 12. Being unable to procure
"bondsmen. Bensoh was taken to jail.
Judge Campbell, one of Benson's coun
sel, said his. client had appeared'be
fore «a United States Comn issioriex- in
Washington December 17 ar d that the
examination bad pone over until Jan
uary 7. ¦ '-.-;.
Benson recently was indicted in
Washington for bribing a Federal offi
cer. The~ indictment, which' reached
here to-day from Washington, contain
ed sixty typewritten pages. It first
charged that Benson and Frederick A.
Hyde of San Francisco were engaged
in the business, of unlawfully obtain
ing rx>eseESion of titles to the public
lands in California and Oregon known
as school lands.
.The indictment alleges that following
the securing of the lands by the two
men the Interior Department special
agents, A. B. Pugh and H. E. Steece,
commenced an investigation. It is
charged that on March 15 last Benson
paid Woodford D. Harlan, chief of
the po'.ire service of the . Interior De
partment, $200 tq furnish him with ad
vance information concerning the re
port of Messrs. Pugh and Steece. It
is further claimed that a second pay
ment of ,$200 was made -to Harlan on
March 20, a third on March 25 of the
same amount and a fourth on Decem-.
ber 18 to the same Federal official of
$250. A claim Is "also made that on De
cember 16 Benson paid William E. Volk,
a clerk in the Land Office, the sum of
$15 o 0 to permit him to see. certain re
potts. ¦"":'.? •";
I NEW YORK, Dec. 31.— John^A. Ben
son ' of San Francisco is in Ludlow-
s tree t Jail to-night^' owing to his in
ability to furnish $li),000 bail. He was
arrested here to r day on a charge of
bribery, at the instance of secret ser
vice officers,/' who" feared he was about
to leave the city. .
Thoroughness of the Prepara
tions of -the Mikado's Forces
Indicates That the Conflict
Is Not to Be Longer Delayed
San Franciscan Is Accused of
Having: • Paid Federal Offi
cer to Give Him Information
Concern ing. Land Fraud Cases
General Reyes and Dr. Her
ran Will Not Attend the
Reception to the Diplomats
at the White House
NEW YORK, Dec. 31.— The cloae of
1903 finds many people expectant
as to the reports of the financial
I institutions. It has been assumed, with
the changes in valuations of the stock
and bond list since July 1. that there
would be considerable marking oft in
values and in the reduction of surplus
holdings. The New York Life Insur
ance Company is the first of the cor
porations to make a statement. The
applications for new insurance amount
ed to $475,000,000. The new paid for
-business accepted by the company for
1D03 is $225,000,000. .President McCall
states that this last mentioned amount
j is in excess of the previous year by
I $25,000,000. It shows also a gain of over
$130,000,000 in total paid for Insurance
outstanding, which is stated at $1,743.
000,000 in amount, covered by 810,000
policies. The income of 1903 is over
$87,000,000 and «i in excess of the In
come of 1902 bv more than $S,OOOvOOO.
The company reports also that it doe9
not invest In or loan upon stocks of
any kind and that no credit is taken
in assets for the excess of the present
j market value of securities over their
j cost value, which excess is over $2,000.
t-000. The total resources erf the com
; pany exceed $350,000,000. Its bond hold
: ings increased in 1903 over $30,000,000.
The policy reserves, as certified by th»
State Insurance Superintendent, and
surplus reserves have been Increased
during the year by more than $35,000,
¦ 000. The various bank and trust com
j pany officials predict an easy money
; market and the stock and other ex
j change members appear to be well sat
i isfied that trade stagnation and the
doubtful views of businessimprovement
tartU likewise be -cleared » away in the
; early part of the year. The large buikl
>ing and* railroad operations held up by
; strikes' and. tight money market will.
; it is bf lleved. b« resumed very early in
i the new' year. The Government export
and' import figures would seem to ln
drcate that the total exports will fall
a few millions hglow those of 1900 and
be about eaual to those of 1901, but
materially in" excess of those of 1902.
i while the total will exceed
! those of any preceding year and.
bined with the exports, make the grand
total of commerce more than In any
preceding year: also that the exports
'of .manufactures .will exc.eed tfc$se of
1902 .by" several million?, but be SofneX,
Uwhat ' below .those of the -record year
•\900-a"nj3 ueftraps 1901. *
Total Business Outstanding
Beaches Enormous Total of
$1,74.5,000,000. i y
John A. Benson Is Arrested in
New York City on Indict
ment Found Against Him by
Grand Jury at Washington
Situation in the Orient Be
comes More Serious and B.e
sponse From Czars Govern
ment Is Anxiously Awaited
We believe that at this and all subsequent
meetings of the California Teachers' Associa
tion fuller and more definite expression of these
ethical principles and of their application to
teachers' work should be srlven until a code
In the club, in the eoundll and In the asso
ciation the wnrk has rightly been made para
mount to. all other ; /alms and efforts. Unity
and co-operation are the watchwords that have
been adopted, by all leading educational bodies.
These terms, unity and co-operation, have been
employed as general outward expressions for
those ethical principles that underlie the true
profession of teaching.
John. Swetf read the following report
of the committee on "professional ethics,
which was adopted:
. Recent advance in education has received
perhaps Its strongest stimulus from organized
bodies whose chjpf purpose has been the fos
tering of the professional spirit among teach
ers. ...
Resolved.. That a committee of seven be ap
pointed from among the members of the Cali
fornia Teachers' Association to consider school
revenues and their distribution, havlnjf In
view longer school terms In rural school dis
tricts, and a reasonable Increase in teachers'
salaries in accord with the seneral movement
now golnjr on In other States In our country,
to place educational workers on an equal" foot
ing ' In re?i>cct to compensation with the In
creased wafrea paid to skilled - workers In In
dustrial and business pursuits.
That we Indorse the recommendation made
by State Superintendent Kirk' In his address
before this association In favor of a moderate
increase of school revenues by attempting to
secure at the next session of the State Legis
lature an Increase of the- State school tax from
f" per school census child to* $10 per census
child: and an increase of the minimum county
school tax. from $6 per census child to*$S per
census child. .-,.-.'
¦\\>.have been trying for a «rood many yeans
to teach* children: If read. We have tried
with coir.par«r;ivM-\ little . eyepems, i -,I or
average, graduate W the -public schools caTindt
handle, the prlntW pasre. He not only does
not know, what' la on .the pa.i;e. But he does
not know .that he Jops not know, and that's
the trouble. It Is no harm not to know a
thlnp, because there nre lots of places to ko
to and acquire knowledge, but not to know
that .you don't know, that's the troubje.
, Professor* Clark concluded his lecture
by reciting L'Envoi of Kipling's "Seven
Seas." He grave the lines their full
force and moved hi§ listeners by his in
terpretation of the beautiful poem.
Hearty applause greeted the speaker
when he concluded. *.
The members of the California Teach
ers', AsocJation then held a sessiop and
adopted the following resolutions:
Rpadinp." friends, is the chief of all altruistic
studies. Rightfully taught. It is the child's
opportunity to share with others the Joy he
ha? obtRiUeaV At the present time the child
does not jret un to read because he wants to
read, but becaucc It '¦$ the reading lesson, and
h<? sops about It In the same selfish way that
he goes about his arithmetic, to benefit him
self, to merit- the ucod wl!l of his' teacher.
Wh»>n the teacher Iove3 the selection it is
only a question of time when the child will
understand it an'd love' It.- too. The severest
criticism you make, when you say the selec
tions that -are made are too difficult for the
children. Is the severest criticism upon our
sejves. ' • •.
How unruly !s that schoolroom In which
Johnny roods to a lot of Inscrutable backs. I
discovered this morning that ths average child
.does not appreciate what the purpose of read
ing is. . , • -
I am poingr to preach a new gospel, he
gald. Th» day of the primer Is done. The
knell of the first, second and third primer has
sounded ind there Is many ft dealer, who will
yet be made rich by the- man who- will write
the primer of the right kind. I 'am trying
to write it myself (laughter), but I don't think
I will sueceeil, because my heart is not In it.
Twenty-five ... prepossessing young:
ladies - from ' the San ; Francisco : Normal
School .filled : the Uheate,njvvith melody.
Miss ; Carpenter led ¦ the C?lee Club; and
Miss "Bertha E. -Roberts was^ the
companist; r ' :T.hey.: rendered .."¦"" Oscar
Weil's ;"Spririg Song/'-'Abt's "Ave > Ma>
ria," Jakobowski's i "Gavotte," arid
"The .Shoogey . Shoo"., by .Ambrose."
Miss v Ruette ' Lynch .was .the *soloist.
The : singing:. 'was - -very;., beautiful!- and
greatly, enjoyed by the big assemblage.
"A Talk, on' Reading", was trie sub
ject '.; of >; .'Professor 6- - H; Clark's final
lecture to. the teachijrs.' He aroused a
great deal of merriment at the outset
of his address -by imitating methods
in vbgue in the such as
compelling the pupils to take their
b>noks out '.of theit* .desks at signals
from the teacher and upon reading
their lesson to read the number of
the page and the title of the
lesson. Professor Clark said half
the time the child did not know the
name of the author. ' His lecture
abounded in practical suggestions to
the teachex-s on how to hold reading
lessons. His vifws were impressed j on
the minds of the pedagogues. He con
tended that loudnesa in reading . was
unnecessary, as it had a tendency .to
spoil the quality of the 'reading. He
found fault with the method used in
teaching spelling, and also criticized
the primers used by the children of- the
present day.
"This, ' then, is the educated man,"
shesaid, "a man able to se^ and grasp
opportunity, zealous * for a wjark, . opti
mistic, earri'est, 5 honest.".: freed . from
.trouble, taking 'pleasure *in the little"
thing-s, profoundly "*njoyin|r, the_ : best
thiners, doing: the world's 'wofkT unsel
fish, strong, ¦ brave, and
wise, yet simple-hearted as • a 'little
child."- ;-"--- c -¦.-¦'^^v:^."' ' :i --'
tive. Service," Dr. Margraret E,. Schal
.lenberger' o f the State Normal" School,
San Jose, read a paper ; on "The, Man
Educated. / Is He •; Practical?" | She
contended that "the man- educated",
isa v power in "the>lajio!r"- J 'a very-sod
among: his fellows.">t s '.
$325,000,000 NEW BUSINESS
UprisingrAgainst the fiepublie
of , - Panama .a 'Possibility
That Disturbsv the; Statesmen
. at the i National Capital
The New! York Life Insur
ance Company Shows Great
Chief Executive of the State Addresses the Instructors, and Sing
ing by Public School Children Charms the Big Assembly.'
The California Teath^rs'Asspo^tion Adopts Some Resolutions
'•"¦' . "¦'.-¦ . : .V,- >•%•" . -' . -fit* ,'.'". : ¦
The officers elected on the previous
day were installed, and an adjournment
Seventh — We believe it the duty of all citi
zens, and e*?ecially of teachers, to obey -the
laws of the land, , and therefore -we would
urge upon all members of the profession strict
compliance with our school laws, even though
some of them are not In accord with our per
sonal desires. '
.^-Fourth — We believe that fitness for the work
's the only basis upon which appointments to
positions or promotions therein should he made.
We therefore condemn in unsparing terms all
teachers who.. In their efforts for appointments
or. promotions, r'-sort to unscrupulous political
means or appeals .throush sensational new.s
paperS or make use of personal favoritism.
-Fifth — After having sought and accepted an
appointment no teacher should leave It to take
another within the limits of his contract tvlth
outsthe knowledge and consent of his board.
- Sixth— We believe that it is a detriment to;
the cause of education for one tsacher to
¦knowingly underbid another when In compe
tition for the same place, and therefore con
demn such conduct as unworthy of the pro
fession and hurtful to the best interests of the
schools. -¦- • ,'¦ . a ' - .
i Third— The teacher's personal life, aa welt
a? his atltude toward his- work and his co
workers; should be modeled in 6trict accord
with . the "* best ethical principles. "* The aim
Shpuld"be to adjust every act perfectly to ita
end. -- ¦ ¦ .
• . Second — To this ; end every teacher should
encourage and support any teachers' organiza
tions having for -their, purpose higher . profes
sional'ideas. ' .._¦ " • \*,'ii f
¦*. First— The best interests of the profession
Of teaching can be most largely advanced
by developing as fully as nossible the spirit
of co-operation among teachers. ' , - *"
of ethics shall be established for the teachers
of this State. . • .*' - .
. Accordingly we submit the following for
your consideration and adoption:
A good cook" is paid $S0 to $40 per month, a
waitress in a restaurant the same. At the
end of the "year. It is safe to say that the
eojjk'and the Waitress have more money to be
put 'In the bank than' the schoolteacher. Thu
should not be so. And the often stated fact
that we have no difficulty In getting teacfiers
for our schools cuts no figure in the matter at
all. As. a matter of fact . there are not now
enough Good teachers on tap,, so to speak, to
fill our public fcheol demands. Worse than
that, we do not keep all the good ones we
now have.". We ousht not only, to be able to
keep those we have, but we also ought to be
able to induce, others to engage In teaching.
The- r>oor>le are at fault when they do not so
arrange matters that we can keep our good
teachers and also get more of them. For upon
our nubile schools depends the future of the
State; and, for their own protection, the peo
ple should see to It that the public schools are
kept up to the highest state of efficiency.
The last day's session opened with
singing by the pupils from the third,
fourth and fifth grades of the Harri
son Primary School, jnder the direc
tion of Miss Estelle Carpenter. The
children rendered Lacame's "Estudi
antina," Tosten's song and Johnson's
,"Massa. , Dear," very sweetly.
" In the absence of M.E. Daily, pres
ident of the San Francisco / Normal
School, who was scheduled^,- to speak
on "The Training of Teachers" in Ac-
You will remeir.ber that I said, in
this discourse, that my notion, Is that the first
attribute* of a good teacher Is learning. I do
j not mean by that a little learning. For, to
my notion" rtiere is no place where a little
learning may be.eo dangerous a «hlng as in
the 'schoolroom. Neither do I mean the other
extreme. For too much learning (If it be just
dry learning) may maky us mad. But I mean,
for" example, this: He who teaches mathe
matics should be a good mathematician. It is
true that many people can add. subtract, di
vide and multiply. But this power will not,'
I think, make tJiem good teachers of even
these mathematical rudiments. I believe I
think that best to teach even addition the
teacher should know, and know well, not only
eubtraction, , multiplication and division, but
also alio the r?f t of arithmetic, :;s well as al-
Kfbra, geometry and trigonometry, and some
of the still higher mathematics would not
hurt even him who teaches the child how
only to count. . Therefore I ?ay my judgment'
is that a good teacher must have learning. To
become learned requires" time. Therefore good
tea< ht*rs cannot be too ycuntr. ' • .
1*he n<wxt requisite o for the 'good "teacher W,
I think, flic proper "temperament. A selfish
person cannot be a good teflchtw. Fbr a selflph
person will not '(though he. might if he would)
be patk-nt with the faults of «therp, nor gen
erous to those about him: and a/teacher must
bco rotient. patient patient and generous of
his time, his labor. Ws good nature arid his
learning* Neither can a Blow pe/ron be a good
teacher; for his pupils must be either led or
driven. A glow person cannot lead the quick —
he only restrains them. Neither can he drive
: those who are qyicker than himself; for, in
• stead of driving, he o will soon be led.
>. ¦ But a learned, patient, cheerful, tactful,
agile, forceful person may make a good teach
er. I pay "may." because If such a person
have not had professional training for the
work he is trying: to do he must, perforce,
I perform his work by rule of thumb, "he handl
i capped by. difficulties that have been over
¦ ccme by others, and be nowhere near as effl
• clfnt as he should be. Teaching is* as much
I a profession nowadays as is medicine Or law,
and therefore requires training for it as much
an any other profesplon. The person who tries
to teach school without that training may
succeed;, but br, would ,»«Cceed a great deal
better and a creat deal quicker If he had the
I proper training. The next (and final) thing
.that, iir* my judgment, is necessary for the
making of a good teacher is enthusiastic de
votion to- teaching as a life work. •«
Requisites for teachers. *
iJt me first define what I mean by "a good
teafcher." 1 mean by that term a ¦ teacher
who, by learning, temperament, professional
training and enthusiastic devotion to his lire
work. Is able and willing to really teacn
"school. And by the • term "teaching school
1 do not mean ths perfunctory hearing of reci
tations end the marking of report cards, with
one eye on the clock and the mind divided be
tween the work in hand and sorho ; other, mat
ter outside the school. But I do mean the care
ful, conscientious attention to every detail that
sroes to make ur> the pupil's life within (and
so far as possible, without) th« schoolroom. \ I
mean the careful ntudy by the teacher : not
only of books, but also of the individual pupil.
Remember that It is not always that the
brightest and best 'scholars become' the best
lawyers, the best mechanics, the best ¦doc
tors on ihe best teachers. But those who,
while not the best and brightest pupils. ' be
come first-class mechanics, lawyers, doctors,
teachers, would better fill their posWons
in life if they had done better work in school.
For .wcrk, either mental or physical, is much
a matter of habit; and habit— good habit— is
much a matter of training; and training is, I
think, much a matter of gentle ahd persistent
compulsion; and he or she who is trained to
work in school works to better advantage.
works easier, worlts more persistently, and
achieves better results after school days are
over than does he or she who has not fc,een
so trained. You will, perhaps, draw the in
ference from this that my notion Is that the
schoolroom Is valuable 'for Its training in the
working habit. I" hone you do so 'infer. For
that is my notion exactly. Because the knowl
edge that the pupil gains in the schoolroom
Is not of much practical use when compared
to the Xraining for work, mental work, that is
ther,e. bestowed.
"It ought to take all of one's time
to teach school." he -said. "It ought
to take all of one's thoughts; and if
one's time and thoughts must be di
vided between the schoolroom and the
politician's headquarters, the. work in
the schoolroom must, of course, suf
fer." Continuing, the Governor said:
. ..Governor George C. Pardee was .ac
corded a hearty reception by- the Cal
ifornia Teachers' Association .„ and
teachers of the city and county of San
Francisco yesterday, when he stepped
upon the stage of the Alhambra The
ater. The State's Chief .Executive read
a paper on "How Shall We" Keep Our
Good Teachers and Get: Moore of
Them?" It was a practical view of
things and he impressed hi^giuditors
with the truth of "what he^saidi-y-Hfe
appealed to the ,tea.ehers._to .keep out
of politics and devote all their time to
the schoolroom.' -
Tafie Laxative Bromo : Quinine Tablets. All
druggists : refund the money If it falls , to cure
E. \V. Grove's sienature ia on oajih Knx. a."Lo. •
To Cure li Cold in One Bay.'
Baltic to Be Surpassed.
T LONDON. Dec. 31. — It is reported
that the White Star Line has ordered •»
a steamer 755 feet in length, or thirty
| feet longer than the Baltic, the largest
! ship in he; world. The. construction
: of the vessel, It is added, will begin*.
I immediately at Belfast, Ireland, r
The San Francisco Verein -gave its
annual' New Year's eye ball last ; night
at Leaven worth and ; Post ¦ streets. '
>Vereln ; Gives Annual ; Ball.
WASHINGTON. Dec. 31.— The Navy De
partment '• Is informed • that the United . States
collier Pompeii 'landed : malt at Midway on
Tuesday last and reported all well on board.
LONDON, Dec. 31.— Japan has re
named the warships she > purchased
from the Argentine Republic; the Kas^
saga and the Nishni. . It is v expected
that they .will: sail' from V Genoa for
Japan next week.' : The! vessels , are in
sured^fpr : $500,000 > each,*;but]:the-.in
surance . excludes the risks ¦¦ of
seizure : and detention.
Japan Renames New Warships.
PARIS. Jan. 1.— The Chef u corre
spondent of the Paris edition N of" the
New.". York ; Herald ' says ; that Colonel
Artimeff, who is in ; close touch with
Admiral, Alexieff,. Russian . Viceroy,, in
the • Far East, declares th^ situation is
most . critical. The Japanese, he says,'
apparently .want war, and the Chinese,
especially YuaniShi?Kai^the'commari
der-ln-chief of , the Chinese army, and
navy, are assuming a hostile attitude.
Disturbances in Manchuria are due. he
says, to the almost open" support the
Chinese Government • ' . is : Riving •': the
bandits. .';'
Chas. Keilus & Co
E x c 1 u s i v e
Higfi-Grade Clothiers
Ko Branch Stores. Xo Agents.
Nobody Progressive Gets.
Shoes Made to Order.
Sam j With Clothes. The
Smart Dressers Have
Fully Re cog n i zed This
Fact to Exist. Are You
Laving To-Day?
K e a r n y S t r e\e t
T h urlow'Sio^'k-

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