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The San Francisco call. [volume] (San Francisco [Calif.]) 1895-1913, May 25, 1904, Image 2

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• It Virtue is its own reward it is all
to the good.
CAPE MAY. N*. J.. May 24. — The
First National Bank of Cape May was
closed to-day by order of the Comp
troller of the Currency. The bank was
recently reorganized and the present
officers of the institution, after a con
sultation with Bank Examiner Buck
fast night, decided to suspend business.
It is said that the depositors will be
paid Jn full. Financial difficulties of
the former president, it is stated,
caused the present trouble.
Financial Difficulties of Former Presi
dent Cause SusiMMision of New
! you want, devise a plan, act together, show
i your counsel, your co-o|ieration, and it shall
j net be our fault If we fail in earning out
J ycur wishes. " (Applause.)
[might cost twenty millions.
: "The Economic Aspect: Who Should
! Provide the Funds?" was the subject
i discussed by Edward F. Adams, agri
| cultural editor of the Chronicle, in one
of the most noteworthy addresses de
livered before the convention. Briefly
stated, Adams' argument was that a
large but equitable share of the cost
should fall upon the land owners in the
river districts, who would be the prin
cipal beneficiaries of the improvement;
that the whole State should be taxed at
a low rate to carry out the pledge as
sumed when these lands were ceded to
! it by the national Government, and
1 that when the State and the owners
united in taking up these burdens in
earnest, there would be no difficulty in
I obtaining Federal aid for the vast
project. The speaker created consid».
erable enthusiasm by his frank declar
ation that he believed it would proba
bly cost $20,000,000 to do the work well
and provide adequate relief for the
great valleys. The estimates of half
that sum offered by the engineers were,
he believed, prompted by timidity. The
floods could only be reduced to subjec
tion by thorough-going measures. True
economy and the welfare of the whole
State demanded that these be not
longer deferred.
"We have been working at this re
clamation problem," he said, "for forty
years and have spent millions, but we
have not reclaimed the lands and we
have not kept faith with the nation,
j^hich gave them to us. This is the re
sult of our infernal habit of 'knocking*
every man who proposes to accomplish
anything." " -
This emphatic utterande won more
applause than any other saying heard
during the convention. The substance
of Adams' paper was as follows:
Long before this convention wa» thought of
I had been collecting data for a paper on the
economic history and aspects of reclamation
of these swamp lands to be read before the
Commonwealth Club, a body which considers
euch subjects and of which I am a member.
In the course of my study I reached certain
conclusions, which seem to me Just and wise,
but to which I am not even personally com
mitted. If upon further examination - they do
Continued I-Yom Page J. Column 5.
That for the purpose of making the burdfn
on the reclaimed lands as easy as possible
bonds of the . State be Issued as required for
such- part of the work as cannot. In reason
be borne by annual taxation: such bonds to b»
issued without condition* in order. to secure a
low rate of. interest, but* under a law which
shall require • principal and interest to be paid
from the proceeds of the. assesment on th fc
reclaimed lands, and no bonds to-be Issued
until the validity of the. assessment on tho,
reclaimed lands for their redemption shall have
been fully sustained by the Supreme Court
The bonds to run- for -such period, as may be
deemed best.'- provided that complete redemp
tion be i effected within forty years.
That the State ought not to appropriate an
other dollar In aid of reclamation, unless, poj..
slbly. In some great emergency, until a com
plete plan for reclamation ha* been made
throughout and funds provided for Its
accomplishment under such ¦ pledges of the
State^and nation as shall assure an ample and
uninterrupted revenue. (Applause.)
L? t \ af t?r the completion of the system tho
cost of maintenance be assessed equally on all
the lands of the district and paid Into the State
maintenance fund. ,.. . -.,.
¦ Thatthe cost of a complete reclamation «ys*
»? m m« e e8 " m , ate <l. including that , of such
«h«,iJ T dral K S as ¦ the Montezuma canal,
should they be ultimately found . necessary,
u ,i v l the C08t > or' "o much thereof as
should be ultimately required, less the sum
contributed by the Stato and Federal Govern
ments, should be assessed upon the lands of the
river district, with due credit to each of the
present reclamation districts for the estimated
v »' u « «' the construction turned over by them
f h * thereupon become 1 . the property
The State should levy a tax of 1 cent on
$100 for ten years, conditional. If possible, on
ihe pledge of an equivalent aum for the eame
period from the national treasury, with the
"•"^standing that the first object in the ex
penditure of this fund should be the rectifica
tion and deepening of tho channel of the rivers
u dIe P° sal of the material removed as
t^Vi ,i ol J e no danger to" the Interests" of
navigation elsewhere; t
The cervice should be absolutely, and by the
most drnstlc legislation, removed from any
form of political influence. (Applause.)
The chief engineer should be a man of the
highest standing In hi3 profession, preferably
with experience on the Mlsislssippi River, and
the salary should be such aa to attract a man
of that kind. I do not think any California
engineer available, for the. reason that all our
hydraulic engineers are too much committed —
or would be believed'to be too .much commit
ted, which would bo about as bad— to some
particular plan.
Congress will recognize by the expenditure of
money in a Way that will materially aid recla
mation. I have thus i.ersonally reached th/j
following- tentutlve cnncluslqns:
The State should resume ¦ entire control of
reclamation of the Sacramento and San Joa
qu:n swam:> and overflowed land.", tn formal
and permanent co-op*ration with th^ Federal
Government, which has charge of the Interest
of navigation. •
The State has conveyed no lands to counties,
but has merely made the counties th« agents
to fulfill, through reclamation districts cre
ated by them, the State's obligation to re
claim. The State has never undertaken to
convey to purchasers of these lands any other
title than that which It possessed— that is. a
title subject to the obligation to reclaim. No"
individual wa; obliged to aesume this burden.
Having assumed it, he can never escape .it
except by returning the lands.
The State can never escape Us
except by regrantlng the land unlncumbered,
to the Federal Government.
Some lands bought as swamp lands werei
easy of reclamation. Other lands may cost;
more to reclaim than they are worth If re/
claimed. But all the lande will pay for re
claiming all. It was the Intent of the Legis
lature to make all these lands pay for re
claiming them all. those. who were so fortunate
as to get the best lands sharing tqually in the
cost of redeeming the worst. Thl« last posi
tion has never been sustained by the Supreme
Court because, as I believe, it has never, been
squarely presented. All the other positions. I
think will be found sustained.
I feel pretty certain that whenever this
State takes uii the question, of redeeming Its
pledge to the nation to reclaim these lands
those who do not own any swamp land . will
take very much such views as I have ex
pressed, namely, that all lands purchased for
$1 per acre as "swamps and overflowed lands"
should be assessed equally, If : necessary, to
reclaim all bo purchased, rather .to lay any
very important burden upon property not di
rectly benefited by the expenditure. If : those
who hold hand under this title recognize the
obligation assumed when they purchased I am
equally confident they will be met>by the peo
ple of the State In the most generous spirit,
and that the burdens of complete reclamation
will not baar heavily on any one. Thus all will
work together to transform the flooded lands of
this fertile valley Into what they are some time
destined to become — one of the most produc
tive spots upon the earth, capable of sustain
ing •*¦ der.ee population in American comfort.
Furthermore, I. am persuaded that by per
mitting the river to be choked with debris the
State has created obligations with the pur
chasers of swamp lands that It Is in honor
bound to redeem. It can well afford to re-,
deem these obligations in view of its increased
Income from taxation of values created. I
also believe that there are certain obligations
resting upon . the United States, in respect to
the regimen of the river, which I believe
Historically. I Hnd these to bo the facts:
The. lands were granted to the State to bs
reclaimed. In accepting the grant the State
accepted the obligation to reclaim the over
flowed lands. '• >
not geem well founded I may come to think
differently. Nevertheless, my Invitation com
ing from tho.*e who knew what now ceems to
me to be right, I can only conclude that I am
expected to present these conclusions to this
convention, iry conclusions may be quite'un
acceptable to some who are directly concerned,
but. on the other hand. I believe that a 'greit
many will think as I now do.
. NEW TOIIK. May 24. — officers of
the American Smelting and Refining
Company \rill within a few days di
vide $100,000 in cash arnong their em
• r.loyes, in accordance with the profit
sharing scheme announced two years
ago. Arrangements are now being
perfected to divide the cash in prl»
rortion to the amount of earnings.
Managers, superintendents, assistant
managers and assistant superintend
ents, together with foremen and as
fflbfcint foremen, chemist"? and assist
ant* chemists and a number of others,
will participate in the fund.
Smelter Trust to Carry Into Effect a
Pmjcti Planned a Year
(Butler Hall was badly burned, though |
the loss will not be more than $500. The
engine house also suffered to some ex
tent, the 1<*5S being $200. Several other
buildings were also slightly damaged.
The owners, it is understood, will im
mediately reconstruct.
Special Dispatch to The Call;
RENO, New, May 24.— Lactyof wind
is all that saved a large portion of
Tcnopah from being burned this morn
ings Fire was discovered in Booker &
Bradford's office and before the blaze
could be extinguished a number of
buildings had been destroyed and dam
age caused to the . amount of $12,000,'
covered slightly by insurance. The ori
gin of the fire is unknown. The volun
teer fire department responded prompt
ly and worked in a heroin manner to
save property. But for their efforts the
damage would have been much greater.
Booker & Bradford suffered most.
Their loss is about $5000. M. G. Orr
lost property valued at $4000. The Sim
mons building was damaged to the ex
tent 6f $1500; Dr. Wheeler's property
was damaged to the extent of $200;
PAN JOSE. May 24.— C. II. Mooney of Sar»
Francisco Is accused of passing: a bogua chirk
for $20 on H. U. Miller, proprietor of th*
Bristol Hotel, and the police are searching for
BEAVER, Pa., May 24. — The im
provement noticeable in Senator Quay
since his return home continues. His
physician says his condition to-day is
more fovarable than it has been for
weeks. ,
Senator" Quay Improvinsr.
SAN DIEGO, May 24. — Death came
this noon to young Donald Henderson,
son of Walter J. Henderson of Chula
Vista and nephew of ex-Speaker Da
vid B. Henderson of the House of
Representatives, through an. accident
with a shotgun, which had' been ac
cidentally discharged by the bov
himself. He was only 12 years of
ag*e. yet owned a gun. with which ho
and his sister had gone hunting rab
bits. -
Tormer Speaker's Nephew Killed.
Prisoner Commits Suicide.
LIAOYANG, May 24. — A Japanese
CHEFU, May 25.— Four Japanese
cruisers and a fleet of torpedo boats
and torpedo-boat destroyers passed
midway between Port Arthur and the
Miaotao Islands at .4 o'clock this morn
ing, but no sounds of firing have" yet
been heard. The Russians have again
removed their guns and troops from
the forts at Newchwang.
Cruisers, Torpedo-Boats and Destrjy
ei-s Seen Near Port Arthur.
The report circulated by the St. Pe
tersburg correspondent of the Central
News' that ten stokers were killed by
an explosion yesterday on board the
Russian battleship Orel at Kronstadt
is absolutely denied.
The report cabled to the Associated
Press yesterday that the Foreign Of
fice had received a telegram from the
Russian Consul at Chefu, reporting
that the Japanese had macie a land at
tack on Port Arthur and had lost 15,-
ST. PETERSBURG, May 24.— The
Admiralty denies the report of the cap
ture of three Japanese cruisers' by the
Vladivostok squadron, which has not
been outside the harbor for several
Russia Officially Denies a Number of
' Sensational Re|)orts.
toria, from Liverpool. *
Sailed May 24 — Stmr Syndam. for Rotter
dam; stmr Kaiser Wilhelm aer Grosse. for
Liverpool: stmr CItta «ii Napoll. for Naples,
and Genoa ; 5tmr I'ltonla. for -l'risste. etc.
LONDON — Arrived - May 24 — Stmr Minn-
haha from New York.
SYDNEY, N. £. VST- — Arrives prior May 21 —
Stmr Aorantfi. from Vancouver, via Honolulu.
AUCKLAND — Arrived prior May 24— Stmr
Sirrra from Pan Francisco, via Honolulu, lor
Svdney. N S. \%.
'YOKOHAMA— Sailrd May 20— Stmr Em
preFs.of Japan. from Hongkong-, for Van
GIBRALTAR— Arrived May 24— Stmr Ro
ma ni. from Koston for Naples.
HONGKONG— Arrived May 24— Stmr Em
press of China, frtflfi Vancouver, via Yoko
ham and Shanghai.
LIVERPOOL — Sailed May 24— Stmr Cham
plain, for Montreal.
Arrived May 2a — Stmr Bavarian, from Mon
treal and Quebec.
NEW YORK— Arrived May 24— Stmr Vic-
Late Shipping" Intelligence.-
Washington; May 24.—^Through
our Ministers abroad, the naval at
taches of the United States have been
instructed to report upon the num
ber and danger to neutral shipping
from war mines floating off the Man
churian coast. This information will
be placed in the -hands of the na.vil
general board, which will submit its
views to the President, and, if occa
sion warrants it. representations will
be made to the belligerents. /
American Inquiry Into Danger "• to
Shinning From Derelict Mines.
BUTTE, Mont.,, May 24.— Within the
course of a few days the Washoe cop
per smelters of the Amalgamated Cop
per Company at Anaconda will have an
arsenic refinery in operation, one of
the first of the kind in the United
States. The plant is patterned after
the German models, and it is ajmed to
save the thousands of tons of arsenic,
antimony and sulphur expelled through
the stacks of the company's plants as
gaseous substances.
SAN JOSE, May 24. — Sheriff Cudi
hee of Seattle believes he has James
C. Dunham, the murderer of the Mc-
Gllncy family at Campbell, located
near Seattle. He wired the authori
ties here to that effect to-day. The
following~descriptibn is furnished of
the suspect: Height, five feet ten or
eleven inches; weight, 175 pounds;
stout build, dark complexion, hair and
eyes; heavy mustache. Sheriff Cudi
hee fails to state whether the man is
arrested or not and what he is doing.
Sheriff Langford at once wired the
Seattle Sheriff that Dunham was still
wanted and sent him a full descrip
tion of the man. Pictures of the mur
derer were also maileid him.
The delcrlDtion, which is meager,
tallies well with that of Dunham, but
the authorities place but little cre
dence in the belief that it is really the
Campbell murderer.
Seattle Officer Sends Description of
Supposed 3Iurderer to San
. Jose Authorities.' ",'...
The fire, which broke out in the lard
department and spread with remark
able speed, burned fiercely, and when
the fire reached the scene
the' big buildings were all ablaze. A
call was sent in for all tile engines
available, but notwithstanding the
greatest effort possible by the entire
tire department the buildings could not
be saved. The entire plant was valued
at $400,000. and it was estimated by
the manager of the branch house that
the loss will total three-fourths of that
sum. The- insurance is given as $263.
000, distributed among a number of
The cause of the fire Is unknown.
All that is known is that it had its
origin in the lard department, where
there was a considerable stock stored.
and spread to other rooms containing
inflammable material. An investiga
tion will be made to ascertain the cause
of the fire.
LOS ANGELES, May 24.— Fire to
night destroyed the local branch pack
ing-house of the Cudahy Packing Com
pany, located near the Los Angeles
River bottom. The loss is estimated at
about $300,000 and the insurance at
PARIS, May 24.— The Council of Min
isters has considered the Vatican con
troversy and in an official note says:
"The Government is satisfied with
the authenticity of the reported protest
sent by the Vatican to the powers, and
therefore has decided to recall M. Ni
sard, leaving the- routine business to
the third secretaiy in the Vatican em
The Government has fully decided to
present the Vatican controversy, cul
minating in the recall of M. Nisard. to
the Chamber of Deputies. A violent de
bate is expected and the Government Is
preparing itself for more radical action
than that heretofore taken, since it is
anticipated that an effort will be made
to abolish the French embassy to the
Holy See. Foreign Minister, Delcasse
will present the diplomatic negotia
tions with the Vatican, and Premier
Combes will set forth the attitude and
intentions of the Government. The of
ficials express the belief that the em
bassy will not be suppressed, but they
say, the Dresent feeling may lead to
that result when the appropriation for
sustaining the embassy comes before
the Chamber a month hence, at which
time the budget for foreign affairs will
be considered. But some parliamentary
elements are seeking the immediate
consideration of the matter, with a
view o£ abolishing the embassy.
Members of the diplomatic corps say
it is definitely settled that the protest
to which France took exception was ad
dressed, by the Vatican to Spain. This
was the only protest containing the
clause intimating that the papal nuncio
would be withdrawn if other anA^simi
lar visits were made to King Victor i
Emmanuel. j
Apparently there is good warrant for
the belief that General Kuropatkin has
a strong line expending south from
Liaoyang and west of Haicheng pro
tecting an advance upon Kaichou and
A direct attack upon General Kuro
patkin's main force apparently is not
considered to be impending. Nothing
more than outpost affairs are expected,
although some of these may be san
guinary. The Russian scouts are keep
ing in constant touch with the enemy,
and thus far the minor shiftings of the
enemy's detachments west of the Ta
yang River and northward of Moiting
ling are considered to be in the nature
of screens. If the two armies of . the
Russian commander in chief are trying
to work a force around in the rear of
General Kuroki or are planning a sur
prise, of course the fact is sedulously
concealed here. Uneasiness is displayed
at the near approach of the rainy
season, which will retard if not com
pletely stop field operations, although
this is playing directly into the Rus
sian hands.
The Russians will continue to hold
Newchwarig, Kaichou and Tashichou
until a move in force is made toward
Haicheng with the object of cutting off
the retirement of the force at Kaichou,
which Is sufficient to stand off an or
dinary force of the enemy and dis
courage the landing of troops there or
at Hiungyochen. The Japanese are not
In force north of Wafandian.
ST. PETERSBURG, May 24.— The
prevailing opinion at the headquarters
of the general staff is that the with
drawal of the Japanese upon Feng
wangcheng means that the enemy has
decided to devote himself to operations
against Port Arthur, and that the pres
ent object of General Kuroki with the
first army, supported by General
Nadya with the third army, now land-
Ing near Takushan, is to watch Gen
eral Kuropatkin and prevent a move
southward, which would take Oku and
the second army on the» Liaotung Pen
insula in the rear.
Will Hold Off Kurppatkih While Port
Arthur Is Being Attacked.
Volunteers Rout Chinese Bandits.
VLADIVOSTOK, May 24. — Chinese
bandits are active in this vicinity. A
party on a flotilla of boats, while pil
fering along the shore, was pursued
by a boat manned by seven Russian
volunteers, who routed the maraud
ers. One volunteer was killed.
The following dispatch from General
Kuropatkin to the Emperor, dated
May 23, was received .to-day:
"Our cavalry outposts on May 22 and
23 observed a movement of a portion of
the Japanese forces westwardly along
the Haicheng road, six miles from
"On May 21 a Japanese detachment,
consisting of six companies of in
fantry and three squadrons of cavalry,
attacked some Cossack.-; en the heights
on the right bank of the Sedezi River,
near the village of Pootteikha, When
the engagement began the Japanese
cavalry remained under cover and the
infantry, which declined to cross the
valley, maintained a distant and al
most harmless fire, without sparing
ammunition. A small party, unsup
ported, tried to cross the river for the
purpose of turning our left flank, but
was driven back by the charge of Cos
sacks and the fire from the heights.
Toward evening the Japanese retired.
Our losses were ten Cossacks wound
The optimistic sentiment which gains
grc-und is reflected on the Bourse here,
where four per cents have risen to
ST. PETERSBURG, May 24.—Expec
tation is running high in St. Peters
burg. According to the latest news.i
General Oku's army, which has receiv
ed fresh reinforcements, is marching
toward Port Arthur,' where General
Fook is instructed to offer the utmost
resistance. At the same time, it is
known that General Kuroki ha3 been
daily strengthening his extensive lines,
which he found too weak to face the
Russian forces. General Kuroki's army
will soon be sufficiently reinforced to
give battle, as fresh, forces are con
stantly arriving. Military experts es
timate Japanese strength west of the
Yalu at 200.000 men.
Special Cable to The Call and New York Her
ald. Copyright 1004, by the New York
-Herald Publishing. Company.
Kuropatkin Eeports Affray
of Cossacks and a Jap
anese Detachment.
It is rumored from Brussels that the
Russian Government is making great
efforts to buy thirty large steamships
from Belgium and Holland, to accom
pany the Baltic fleet as colliers.*
The Standard's Tientsin correspond
ent asserts that the Chinese Govern
ment is still levying heavy military
contributions from the provinces, and
he thinks that this accumulation of sil
ver at Peking foreshadows some fool
hardy action by the Chinese.
i Special Cable *r> The Call and New York Her-
I aid. Copyright. 1004. by the New York
Herald Publishing Company..
SE^UL, May 24.— Kinchou, north of
! PojJ/ 1 Arthur, is being besieged by the
Japanese. Its surrender is expected at
any moment.
I LONDON, May 25.— The correspond
ent of the Morning Post at Mukden,
under date of May 24, says it is be
lieved there that General Rennen
kampff's Cossacks captured two Japan
ese transport columns, thus leaving the
Japanese army without supplies in a
difficult country.
The Daily Mail's correspondent at
Shimonoseki, Japan, cabling under date
of May 24. asserts that active prepara
tions are -in progress for the reduction
of Port Arthur, and that these prepa
rations have been intrusted to a care
fully chosen force of veterans, forming
a part of the third army. Very heavy i
artillery, the correspondent says, is be- j
ing landed on the Liaotung Peninsula.
Dispatches to the Daily Telegraph
show that on May 16 the Japanese ]
headquarters were still at Fengwang- I
cheng. This the correspondent attrib- |
utes to the necessity for Joint action j
with the Japanese army which has
landed at Pitzwo. Communication has I
not yet been established by the two !
armies, but it is expected to be effected
within a few days. The dispatches say
that the telegraph line between Feng
wangcheng and the south has been
cut by Russians disguised as Chinese.
A Russian transport is moving from
Liaoyang in the direction of- Mukden,
but it is not known whether this means i
a retirement of the army or merely |
the removal of winter clothing, which j
is no longer needed.
Loss Places the Army of In
vasion in a Precari
ous. Position.
At the conclusion of the President's
address Dr. Peabody announced that
President Roosevelt would present the
prizes. The boya who had won honors
during the year were called to the plat
form and President Roosevelt shook
hands with each one and passed him.
the prize, in most cases a book.
HARTFORD. Conn.. May 24. —
President Roosevelt's private train ar
rived here at 10:30 to-night. The
President was presented with a hand
some lot of flowers by the Brother
hood of Locomotive Firemen. The
train then left for Poughkeepsie. At
various stations along the route from
Grpton the train stopped and the
President made brief addresses to the
assembled citizens.
"Boys and men," he said, "possessing
such qualities -will not be snobs. There
are in social and civil life worse crea
tures than snobs, but no creature is
more contemptible."
The President alluded to the athletics
of modern school life, saying that he
believed in athletics and sports and in
the spirit which was back of them. He
also referred to the advantages of
training in public schools, which train
ing he believed to be most beneficial
because of the democracy of the Insti
GROTON, Mass.. May 24.— President
Roosevelt's triD from Washington to
be present at the Groton school to-day
and participate in the annual prize day
exercises was accomplished without
especial incident, save that at a num
ber of stations which were passed after
daybreak to-day the citizens assembled
to greet him.
In his remarks to the students the
President said that if a boy had not
pluck, common sense and decency he
was a pretty bad sort, and a man with
out these qualities was even worse. He
admonished them that they must not
in any degree become "prigs," and
urged them to be strong, to be decent
and to be resourceful.
•'The Lord, thouph it may shock you.
Mr. Shearn. was responsible for that."
Prior to the Temple Company agree
"n*pr.t Simpson & Watkins, said Baer,
*>pPrated the mines on lease. The
jnjne? were owned, the witness thought,
'iff the raiiroads that tarried the coal.
.The Temple Iron Company directly
sells no coal except locally at the mines,
the witness said. The coal was brought
.t"6. tidewater by the railroads connect
ing with the collieries.
' Baer could not recall the price of coal
>»er tofc for mining. He said the cost
.varied from month to month and year
"lo year, but had been higher since the
strike commission decision thtan before
that time. Meanwhile bituminous prices
.had decreased, he said, and anthracite
"prices had been reduced to meet them.
-Farmer President Walter of the Le
high Valley Coal Company was called
'to the stand. Walter said he was pres
ident of the Lehigh Valley Coal Com
pany while he was president of the rail
road company. For tidewater coal the
railroad paid the coal company from 50
*to €5 per cent of tidewater prices. The
coal companies* production cost was on
a basis of CO per cent to the miner and
40' per cent to the company, the witness
fcaid. and in 1901 the proportion was
changed to €5 and Z7> per cent.
" Shearn sought to show i>y the wit
ness that the Lehigh Valley road re
bated to the Lehigh Valley Coal Com
*pany and practically greatly reduced
the carrying rate, but Walter's memory
•was a blank as to details. He made
the assertion that the coal company
paid the published tariff rates. Shearn
asked if it was not true that if the
published rates were paid the Lehigh
Valley Coal Company would lose mon
?y. - Walter answered affirmatively and
said that the coal company borrowed
from the railroad company.
•' Baer was recalled late in the after
• noon.
/.''On a four per cent basis the Read
*ing ought to make f 5,000.000 a year."
said Baer. "and until it does reach that
•figtfie I will not agree that the price
' of coal is too high."
He said in answer to Commissioner
Prouty that reduction in freight tariff
would not necessarily mean lower
prir-es for coal to the consumer if the
operators thought they should get mere
for their product. The allegation that
the carriers purposelv tied up coal
ttaffic in winter or failed to furnish
cars to collieries has no foundation in
.fact, said Baer. There was freight
<-nncestic-n last winter to a degree not
known ir. many years and it was due
to physical conditions.
He continued:
Eaer was asked to produce the con
tracts between the Temple Iron Com
pany and Simpson & Watkins of
Scranton. Pa., dated February 27. 1895.
This* the witness did. together with cop
ios of other contracts. The copies were
Jiled as evidence.
In its decision the Supreme Court di
xected that E. B. Thomas, president of
the Lehigh Valley Company, and W. H.
Truetdale Df the Delaware and Lacka
\va::na answer questions regarding the
fixing of coal rate? at tidewater, trans
portation to tidewater and the manner
ot preparing price circulars. The deci
sion also compels the Temple Iron Com
pany and other operating companies to
produce in open court their contracts
with the carriers.
NEW YORK. May 24.— The Interstate
Commerce Commission to-day renewed
ite inquiry into the anthracite coal
trade based on the complaint of W. R.
H caret against the Philadelphia and
Reading Railroad Company and other
teal carriers, which was continued from
laet September. The first witness called
\\as President Baer of the Philadelphia
and Heading.
On AiTil 4 the Supreme Court of the
United States decided that Hearst's at
torney, Clarence J. Shearn, had the
right to demand answers to his ques
tions relating to the contracts between
the railroads and the operators, by
which contracts it is alleged the coal
trust will be established as a fact and
will be proved to exist in violation of
the Sherman anti-tru?t law.
Kuroki Will. Advance to the
Attack When Sufficiently
Two Transport Columns Fall
Into the Hands of Keii
1 General Kuropatkin, after inspecting
the defenses of Liaoyang, advised
Viceroy Alexieff to retreat to Harbin.
NEW YORK, May 24.— The World
publishes the following from Shanghai:
Chinese report that there has 'been an
engagement ' near, Newchwang, which
ended with the Russians fleeing and
abandoning fifty guns.
The . Russians are concentrating to
the rear of Port Arthur and are greatly
strengthening their defenses.
Chinese Tell or Russian Flight and
Loss of Fifty Guns.
Chief Executive Champions
Athletics as a Feature
of Modern School Life
officer, who was a prisoner here, com
mitted suicide to-day, according to
the ancient Japanese custom, by dis
emboweling himself. He was the son
of the commander of an' army corps.
Additional details of the fight at
Wangchiatun, near Takushan, on
May 20. indicate that the squadron of
Cossacks was almost annihilated by
the Japanese infantry, which sur-.
rounded and completely routed >the
enemy. All of the Russian officers
were killed, wounded or captured.
Natives report that some of the Cos
sacks escaped on foot, abandoning
their equipment. Many killed and
wounded were found on the battle-,
'field. . . . . .
TOKIO, May 24.— General Kuroki
reports that a section of Japanese in
fantry encountered and defeated 200
Cossacks at Toutaokou, eight miles
northeast of Kaungtien. The Cossacks
fled to Aiyuangpienman, leaving twenty
dead. The Japanese sustained no loss.
Squadron of Cossacks Almost-Annihi
lated by Infantry.
ST. PETERSBURG, May 2 4. — Ad
ditional details of the disaster to the
protected cruiser Bogatyr confirm the
previous reports to the effect that she
went ashore in a fog at the entrance
of the gulf of Amur, opposite Vladi
vostok. Her guns were taken off and'
some of them were mounted ashore,
to protect the vessel during the sal
vage operations.
Although the statement was posi
tively made yesterday that she had al
ready been blown up, the Admiralty
insists that it is not true and that ef
forts are still progressing to save her,
Vice Admiral Skrydloff having tele
graphed to the Emperor that he
thought he could do so.
Russian Cruiser Still Fast o n the
Hocks "Near Vladivostok.
The report .transmitted to the Bres
lau Zeitung by Its St. Petersburg cor
respondent and. published May 18 of an
alleged attempt on the life of Emperor
Nicholas has, according to official
statements* the following foundation:
Miss Mereheusky, daughter of Privy
Councillor Mereheusky, and her broth
er, are under arrest for possible impli
cation .in the recent fire at Kronstadt.
She was not arrested at the time of the
May parade^ of troops; no ,bomb was
found upon her and she has ,not been
hanged. ¦":,-. ¦¦" •.: * -
Tho War .Office denies any -knowl
edsjo' of the alleged charges against
Lieutenant Colonel Corlinsky and
Staff Captain Ignetowich of selling
Government riiles and ammunition to
the Chinese, as reported by the Harbin
correspondent of the Frankfurter Zei
tung. The director of the department
of military statistics says that he cer
tainly would have been informed of
such a serious case, as it would have
been submitted to the Emperor.
000 men killed and wounded, and that
the Russians had lost 3000 men, is true,
but as nothing confirmatory has been
received fro'm any other source, the re
port is not given credence. I The Consul
in his telegram said his information
was .obtained from the Chinese. , The
War Office has nothing to confirm his
report. • •,./. 7 ' -¦¦
It is reported from a Chinese source
that the Japanese have evacuated
Fengwangcheng and are occupying vil
lages in the surrounding country. There
is no explanation of this move, but it
is thought that it may be connected
with the prevailing cholera epidemic.
General Kuropatkin has just returned
from a tour of inspection of the Rus
sian camps, with the general health of
which he is greatly pleased.
Prince Khilkoff, Minister of Rail
roads, has arrived here from Harbin.
A typhoon is raging off the coast.
The Russian wounded are rapidly re
covering. Several wounded soldiers de
serted from the hospital and stole back
to the front.
The general plan of the Japanese has
not been divulged. They are appar
ently marking time, awaiting the ar
rival of reserves from Korea, who have
been delayed by the impassability of
the roads. ¦
The Japanese are sending all invalids
in the direction of the Yalu to a cen
tral hospital.
Several Japanese who landed from
junks near Port Arthur -and started
toward the town with the intention of
dynamiting the docks were captured
and shot.
LIAOYANG, May 24.— There is con
tinual skirmishing between the Russian
covalry and the Japanese. Cossacks
are pressing the Japanese in the hills
and byroads, generally driving them
Brown Men Attempting-to Reach Port Arthur With Dyna
mite to Destroy Docks Are Captured and Shot.
Attorneys Question Opera
tow About Compact With
Transportation Companies
Interstate Commerce Com
mission Uenews Inquiry
Into Methods of Carriers
President IJooseVelt, in Ad
dress to Students, Irges
Themf^ot to Be 'Trigs"
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