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A Tiger Bluffed.
A writer in the Bombay^Gaxette de scribes the rare experience of seeing the ; charge "of a famous man-eating tiger, which ended harmlessly. "A camel with a slipping load had;" the writer says, "been halted not far from his lair., when with a •wrouff (once heard never to be forgotten) the tiger charged for the man leading the camel. The tiger, I have no doubt, would have carried off the camel man, but when he saw the long, and to him unfamiliar, neck of a camel coming between him and his "Intended victim I dare say he thought things were not quite as he had calculated. Anyway, he paused casually surveyed the whole party and! with tail erect, calmly walked back CASINO— Nomalas. City. If in • game of casino the players agree that on the last deal the count shall be cards, spades, big casino, little casino and r.ces. the one who holds cards is entitled to count first, and If he has sufficient to go out. he wins. HOUSES— Subscriber. City. Ore way to ascertain "how many brick, stone and frame buildings there are in Saa Francisco" is to go over the block boe* of an insurance company and count VISITING CARDS— Subscriber. City. If Miss Mary Jcnes marries John Smith, while she is his wife she should have her cards read: "Mrs. John SmUh." but If she becomes a widcrw, her cards should read v "Mrs. Mary Smith." TWICE IN JEOPARDY— B. N.. City. An individual once acquitted of a crime charged against him, car.not be tried a second time for the same of fense; in other words a person accused cannot be twiced placed in Jeopardy. GRAMMATICALLY CORRECT-Sub seriber. City. The following sentence is grammatically correct: "There. are a woman and a child with me; they are IN the midst of war's alarms and the trembling of the world's greatest nations comes like a comic inter lude the barking and snapping of Peru and Brazil over a little piece of disputed territory away off some where at the headwaters of the. Amazon. We read that Peru has sent armies to Alto Yurua and Alto Purus; that Brazil is rapidly assembling forces dignified by the same title on the western boundary of her repubTic, and that war to the knife is soon to be grim reality. It seems that the same elusive needle in the haystack that* has caused solemn threats of war, exchanges of notes diplomatic and high conclaves between contract ing powers in the heart of South America for the last fifty yiears is again the fly in the ointment. The wooded country, rich in rubber, that lies along the banks of the Yurua and Purus rivers, tributaries of the upper Amazon, and which constitutes the indeterminate state, of Acre, has been the subject of s'eparate dispute between Brazil, Bolivia, Ecuador, Colombia and Peru since ~the first Para gum was drawn irom the trees. There have been conventions between Peru and Ecuador, Brazil and Bo livia until now the contest has narrowed down to the final grapple between Brazil and Peru. Not only does all this moll and trouble have to do with the' cornering df the rubber market, but the finer ques tion .of open navigation of the Amazon is also to the fore. The father of southern waters, is open to naviga tion by ocean-going _ vessels throughout the whole of Brazil and up to the flourishing Peruvian towns of /Kauta and Iquitos in the state of Loreta. These-points of departure, situated on navigable waterj though a com fortable 2000 miles from the Atlantic, are, nevertheless, the chief points of shipment for the crude rubber fr6m ,the interior forests and constitute a sore stitch in the side of Brazil. By assiduous jockeying and shifting of the balances Peru has succeeded in laying claim to them as the outposts of her territory. Can Brazil only plant her flag there, the Amazon, in so far as it is a navigable stream, will be a closed Brazilian river. . It is instructive to, recall, the very recent threat of RUBBER AND A "COMEDY. GIVEN NAMES— S.. City. Charlotte means all noble: Theodore, gift of God; William, defending many, and Michael, the one like unto God. WHILE cruising in the offing at Port Arthur the Japanese first-class battleship Hatsuse collided with two Russian mines and sank within half an hour. A month ago the first-class Russian battleship Pe trop«vlovsk struck a Japanese mine laid outside the harbor at Port Arthur and turned turtle in two minutes. To this grisly record of, sudden extinction are added the Russian battleships Retvizan and Cesarevitch' and the "protected cruiser Pallada, all seriously torpedoed by the Japanese on the first night of the war, and the Russian Boyarin, blown up by one of its own mines, and the tale of de struction by these two terrible forces alone is complete up to present time. Not until the outbreak of hostilities in the Far East and the strife that has waged both on land and sea since that momentous first night at Port Arthur has the world real ized to what deadly lengths of perfection the arts of war have progressed. The modern torpedo-boat was used for tKe first time by the Japanese against the Chinese fleet at the mouth of the Yalu with "telling effect during the war of ten years ago. In our own war with Spain the .torpedo-boat and its complement, the destroyer, played but an insignificant part, as the bleached bones of the Furor and Pluton, sunk by the converted yacht Glouces ter, attest. In the strife now waging, however, tfie dead ly sea dart has proven itself to be an engine of destruc tion more potent than the battleship. The hidden mine, an important factor in naval warfare for the last fifty years, has now demonstrated its capacity for'havoc more conclusively than ever. . On land and sea the Japanese are using the deadly ex plosive recently invented by Professor Shimose, so rend-^ ing in'its force that a handful laid on an iron plate an inch and , a half thick and exploded will drive entirely through the^metal and scatter splinters broadcast. The ¦ Russians, according to the latest press dispatches, have succeeded in getting a war balloon through the enemy's lines" into Port Arthur and have given it out that a battle in the air will not be an unexpected feature of the land fighting around the beleaguered cifj* Thus, with tor pedoes and mines at sea, the rumored employment of submarines beneath the waves and balloons and deadly explosives on 'land the present conflict is typically the twentieth century struggle forecasted by dreamers and fiction writers for the last hundred .years. , . v * * WAR AND ITS ENGINES. THE TESTAMENT— Subscriber. Pi nole, Cal. There are 533.493 words in the Old Testament. London's Oldest Church. Horses are stabled in London's oldest church, such is the unfashionable state into which this holy edifice has fallen. Most London visitors know Smlthfleld and the venerable church of St. Bar tholomew. This ancient pile once in cluded a great priory and a hospital — built nearly eight hundred years ago. Its founder was Rahere, a witty cour tier of Henry I, who, in his advancing years, became a pious canon of St. Paul's. . Rahere raised money for his church by telling the story that St. Bartholomew appeared to him in a vision in Rome and bade him raise the church, and pointed to the spot on the marsh at Sralthfleld. At .the dis solution of the monasteries by Henry VIII the priory and the cloister were abandoned. The citizens preserved the hospital, which is flourishing in these days. But of Rahere's old church only the choir and the cloisters remain. All that Is left has, thanks to the present rector, been restored excepting the vrest cloisters. Some £30,000 has been spent on the pious work, but another £1500 is needed before the west cloisters, now used as a stable, can be restored. The old Norman arches are now bricked up, but when the restoration work Is done, as it doubtless will be, London will have one of the most interesting groups of ruins in England. The old church where Sunday service is yet held has seen the martyrdoms of Smithfield. the death of Wat Tyler and the execution oi the great Sir William "Wallace, and in earlier centuries the tournaments of Edward III and of Richard IL Ar.szccrs to Queries. A PASSED DATE— M. S.. City. Jan uary 24, 1877, fell on a Wednesday. A Colorado family feud, dignified by age and enriched by exceptional bitterness, ended the other day in a double murder. The affair, by a -strange trick of fortune, has become a subject for congratulation to the district in volved from the fact that nobody immediately concerned in the quarrel remains to be murdered. It is always grati fying to know when our friends, in their efforts to punish their enemies, accomplish enough to permit the neighbor hood to live in reasonable pursuit of peace and life. , ---'The Grand Jury has added its voice of suggestion to the plea that the public schools of this city be placed without delay in a sanitary condition. Surely no feature of municipal life, can . demand higher recommendation than this effort to make the public school healthful. School, hygiene is of more vital importance than scholar ship or even morals, for both depend intimately upon the health of children for their development . Good health is the keystone in the arch of education. No Boer Trophies. The London County Council, as might be expected of the representatives of a peace-loving community, does not ap preciate war trophies. It recently con sidered the proposal of the War Office to accept two guns to be displayed la the Embankment Gardens or in one of the London parks. One of the guns wras brought fr»m China and the other was captured from the Boers. The British people have no pride in think ing of the South African war, nor in displaying in London a wretched "trophy" taken from the people Trho are now their fellow-subjects. v The Xippon Fisherman. Where now the brownie flsher-lad? His hundred thousand fishing-boats Rock idly in the moats; His baby wife no more is glad. But yesterday, with all Nippon, Beneath his pink-white cherry trees. In chorus with his brown, sweet bees. He careless sang, and sang right An. Take care! for he has ceased to sing; His startled bees have taken wing! His cherry blossoms drop like blood; His bees begin to storm and sting; His seas flash lightning, and a flood Of crimson stains their wide, white ring; His battleships belch hell, and all Nippon is but one Spartan wall! Aye. he. the boy of yesterday. Now holds the bearded Russ at bay; While, blossom'd steeps above, the clouds Wait Idly, still, as waiting shrouds. — Joaquin Miller, in the Century. A Reply to Dr. Bane, To the Editor San Francisco Call- Dear Sir: May I resent some state ments made by one Rev. A. C. Bane anent the wickedness of the stage and published in your paper of May 23? I think the statement that "no church member would feel pride in having a son or daughter keep company with an actor or actress or even be ing seen in public with them" is unworthy any "man," much less an alleged apostle of him who said "He that is without sin cast the first stone." My father is a clergy man, who at present Is serving a splen did people In a prominent church in the East, and both he and they thor oughly approve of my vocation. I am fortunate in numbering among my best friends members of the Methodist clergy, four of whom are now at tending the General Conference in Los Angeles, but will be my guests "at the California Theater" next week. Mr. Bane attributes his present views to his work as a reporter. Whv does he not give the real reason? I would suggest more brotherly love in his heart, plenty of fresh air and sunshine and a good digestion medicine. To my mind the man who disgraced(?) the Methodist . church by losing his life in the Iroouois Theater fire was worthy of more commendation than he who condemns those who are earning their living by honestly using the only talent given them. Mr. Bane asserts that Shakespeare was a libertine, but he might well emulate him by finding "sermons In stones (not by throwing them) and good in everything." Very sincerely, TERESA MAXWELL,", - Morosco Stock Company. Edgemere Hotel. San Francisco. Monday, May 23. The Four Fingers. No better epitome of the late Henry M. Stanley's career has been conceived than that given by himself In his "story of four fingers." On his return* from finding Livingstone, he said, he had the honor of a public reception by the Royal Geographical Society, and the especial honor of being presented "to an exceedingly distinguished personage In the scientific world." which regarded him with condescending favor and even went so far as to shake hands with him. "He gave me." said Stanley, "one finger!" After his second and third ad ventures, his exploration of the lakes and his opening of the Congo to civ ilization, he was again publicly re ceived, and this distinguished person age regarded him with even more favor than before. Again he shook hands with him. "He gave me two fingers:" Once more Stanley went to Africa, to rescue the faithful Emln. and on his return he was a third time publicly re ceived. A third time the distinguished personage condescended to smile upon him, still more approvingly than be fore, and a third time to offer him his hand. "He gave me three fingers!" Yet once more Stanley appeared in public, with a fair companion. Miss Dorothy Tennant, who a few months later was Lady Stanley. There once more the distinguished personage was present. so far condescended as to- beam upon him with unreserved approval. "The throng was too great for me to get near him," said Stanley, "but I have no doubt that had I been able to do so he would once more have of fered me his hand, and on this occa sion he would have given me all four fingers!" In this tale were set forth, perhaps with all-uneonscious frank ness, the weakn?s?»3 as well as the strength of his character, the changing altitude of the great world toward him and the steadfastness of his own soul. When he concluded. "Gentlemen, the story of those four fingers is th» stcry of mv life," the listener felt that he knew him then as never before. — New York Tribune. THE compound, complex, comminuted fracture in Democratic politics is exhibited in Ohio. The party there is divided into Hearstlings and Conservatives. But Buckeye conservatism is a different article from that known by that name in New York. It means Tom Johnsonjsm and its tenets are found written in the last State platform on which Johnson ran for Governor. It includes.. all the.creed of Populism and Bryanism and So cialism: It demands government ownership and opera tion of all public utilities, the substitution of direct leg islation for representative government and the judiciary, through the initiative and referendum, and free trade for protection. . Just why that kind of conservatism should oppose Hearst is not explained. The Ohio 'Democracy does not take kindly to Judge Parker nor Olney. It has part of a soft side for ex-Attorney General Harmon, but seems to prefer a favorite son in the person of Judge Kilbourne, who is unknown to external fame. Johnson has a per sonal choice in Mr. Polk of St. Louis. Polk is the young^ District Attorney, who found Democratic management in Missouri so rotten that he became famous by sending a job lot of his fellow Democrats to the penitentiary. , He even hooted the Lieutenant Governor out of office. The morality of the Missouri Democracy seems to have been wrecked on legislation concerning alum in bak ing powder. The question was of sufficient financial im portance to warrant the Missouri mazuma in expending large sums of money and the 'Statesmen fell in shoals. Even United States Senator Stone was said to be in volved in alum. Having taken a rise out of baking pow der Mr. Polk is considered to be of Presidential size by Mr. Johnson. He is no doubt a faithful and fearless prosecutor, but one fight against alum does not make a man of Presidential sire. It is after all probable that the Ohio delegation, when it gets to St. Louis, finding Ohio conservatism not fitted to any other candidate, may settle on Hearst His meth ods are like unto those of Johnson and. these two could join forces without doing any violence to their principles. There is a perceptible check, to. the Parker boom every where. It is not going forward as was expected after the New York convention. This may be due to the lead ership of Mr. Hill, who has never been a favorite with the party outside of New York. That he is smart and sly is conceded, but even in the South, where the people are willing to spell success with any letters, he failed to gain a foothoW. . . ' f From the present outlook the Democratic leaders seem to be rather sparring for position in 1008 than trying to win now. There is a deep-seated conviction that the de feat of Roosevelt is impossible, and that the beat that can be done is to build fences for the next time. OHIO CONSERVATIVES. A Piano's Excellencies. DT W. P. K. MATHEWS. (Author- r,r "Th* Uroat In Music." "History or Music." etc.) ?Oor>yr.«ht. 11KM. by Jo^ph B. Bowie* > Of all vibratory apparatuses in- Vented by man for musical purposes, the violin and its family are the most wonderful, since the slender body of the violin stands up under tension and j>ours out an endless variety of musical j and appealing tone for centuries to pother. a mere fabric of thin wood hold together by slue. I do not even < are to assign to the violin a back seat 'in comparison with nature's work In such musical compendiums as those •of the little brown thrush; the bob-o- Jitik. the meadow lark and the mock ing bird: the'violin has greater range, :i hiffher adaptability in tonal de mands, and outlasts I know not how many generations of the delightful warblers of the bird tribe. Yet the wonder is how much the birds do get from their tiny pipes. Xext to the violin I place the mod ern concert piano. When the piano is played by a really great master, of the masterly technic which had taken the trouble to rub off the traces of art, as Godowsky. for • instance, and one sits a little away from the instru ment, the result is beautifully spon taneous in character. The instrument >peems to be quite a? willing to thun der ft* to Eing sweetly and melodious ly, and it passes all the way from one extreme to the other by all those countless gradations of emotional fluctuation which distinguish our mod ern music. Granted a scale capable of refined 'tonal, results, and a construction af fording stability, everything else or nearly everything else turns upon the sounding board. Here is where a fine and cultivated system of guesswork still holds sway. The commercial artist establishes as many measurements and lines as he can; but the result is after all greatly a matter of chance. It was claimed by the late musical savant, J. J. Fetis of Brussels?, that Stradivarius in selecting wood for a violin was in the habit of testing its t*ibratory qualities by taking a pencil like stick and drawing a bow over it and listening to its tone. There are rriany who think that Fetis probably knew more upon this point than Ftradivarius. yet the fact remains that th£ violins of Stradivarius have a larger' vibration and great sonority than any others, although* the young est of them are now > 206 years old. The violin has the advantage of the . piano in that it can be taken apart and glued up over again without feel ing insulted. It is possible to renew the sounding board in a piano, but it is rarelr done, because it Involves re constructing the instrument; it is | nearly as radical as replacing a few of the dorsal vertebrae in man. The sounding board of an ordinary upright piano is a thin spruce board about a quarter-inch in thickness and measures about four feet by live, glued together in strips, out of the heart of the wood. Sounding boards used to be sawn in the piano factory out of logs of spruce lumber, care fully seasoned for many years: they are now, by a very few, bought by the hundred from planing mills built expressly for handling this kind of lumber. It is doubtful whether there is a person who can accurately predict tiVe tonal qualities of a sounding beard while it is still in the lumber; and it i« quite certain that any pos sible excellence of selection might be ruined by bad handling, of which let us speak. But first I will say that young Albert Weber once told me, when he was in his prime, that when ever he had to start a particularly im pdrtant instrument, an art piano or a test instrument, he used to select a certain kind of grain in the wood and a certain tint, which he showed me. There was no actual testing for tone; that was left for the wood to answer for. •¦;•¦•-.- Now a piano sounding board labors ! under the following difficulties among | others. It has to be free to vibrate and it must be amiable enough to vi brate easily, so that a lady can pla>\ it with pleasure. Yet the thim? has to be fastened tightly to a frame and so braced that.it can endure a crushing drain of from one to two tons from the strings for years together and pwell up and shrinks bark again un der the influence of moisture in the eir, for there is no way of making wood entirely insensible to moisture. I, think a few makers have ways of protecting their boards bo that they reduce this element to a minimum, but it is evident . that a board four feet wide, fastened at the sides and put on "crowning." i. e., convex to ward the strings, can do nothing else than bulge up more when the wet Fwells it and shrink back again as it (fries out. The violin shares this dif .nculty. as you can hear in the tone when the rain Is good and plenty. Moreover, the violin also feels it in the strings themselves, which soften * in the wet and therefore, divide more soggity into vibrating segments. What we are after in the sounding board 1$ to get in it as much as possible of the vibration of the strings. To this end the Btrins Is held perfectly rigid at the end nearest where the hammer strike*; away out toward the right it rests upon a wooden bridge, which in turn is glued upon a sounding board. The string must rest so firmly upon the bridge as to* transfer to the board into the Jungle. The camel man was either so frightened or the wholo thing from beginning to end had occu pied so short a time (less than a min ute, I should judge), that he did not stir from the place where he was when the tiger made his first attack." The discovery has been made again that certain of the dives, which by grace of the police are permitted to flourish on Market street, are selling intoxicants without the formality of protection granted by a liquor license. It is strange that the police have found out that these dens exist on the greatest thoroughfare of the city" in open defiance, of decency. And it is stranger still that anybody' pretends that whisky is sold in these pitfalls of the town. .'¦' all its vibrations in all states of the weather. Thus there are always up ward of 250 steel wires pulling down upon the bridge as they cross it, firmly enough to *insure most of the vibration passing directly into the board. To re sist it the board is arched and strength ened upon the back by means of ribs, little strips of spruce, some' of them nearly an inch in one dimension, and the art Is to place these ribs where they will do the most good. To illus trate the refinements here possible I will mention an incident told me of the first producer of commercial pianos, or one of the first. He desired to make the best pmall upright possible for the money. Accordingly he bought a small Stein way upright and imitated it as closely as he could. The result was A surpris ingly good instrument for the price. About a year later the late' George W. Lyon chanced to mention this piano to William Steinway, whereupon they si-nt for one and went over it carefully, recognizing the excellence of the in strument. They then notified the maker that He would have to change the num ber of upright supports at the back of the instrument or else change their po sition, as tjie Steinway held patent rights "upon . the combination of five supports of these particular distances. When he had made this change his lit tle piano was a Samson whose locks had been shorn. The posts behind had been related to the ribbing of the sounding board, and if the copying me chanic had known the principle he might still have accomplished his ends by changing both to correspond. But he did not. • When these improvements in pianos first began Helmholz had not yet pub lished his results concerning the vibra tions of wires. But already an inven-. tion had been patented intended to use what we might call a by-product of the string vibration, namely, that part of It which gets past the bridge toward the end of the wire. The Stelnways put another bridge farther on, at just the distance to make an octave with the fundamental tone, or a fifth, ac cording to the range where they need greater strength, of one harmonic or another. „ This adds to the sweetness «.rf the tone. And it is further encour agement of investigations not always scientific, but primarily by ear and for art purposes, that when ttfey sent one of the best instruments to Helmholr he wrote back that he had been obliged to revise his theories concerning the vibrations of steel strings, as they had secured subdivisions which he had found impossible. There is this curious thing about piano tone. I suppose that six pianos by the best makers might be placed side by side upon the stage, and if played impartially by the same player no person at the end of the hall, or even fifty feet away, could pick out the makes by the tone. This has been tried over and over again, and, so far as 1 know, it has never been done. We always have to fall back upon the in fallible criterion mentioned by a blind St. Louis tuner who had just failed in such an experiment. He wagered that he could name a test which would classify them every time. Upon ad justing conditions he named It. It was "the price at which they were sold." tCow the question arises' how it is pos sible for a particular make of piano to sell invariably at a price not -simply a few dollars higher, but generally from J100 to $200 higher, and Btill not be dis tinguishable at a distance from anoth er sold at the lower price. This is a nice question and "reputation" does not satisfactorily solve it. If I am buying a piano I want it for the music. I expect to play it myself; or I am buying it for some one who will play it personally. Therefore, I want to please myeelf or please the player. Now pianos differ as much as pet-ple. Some are, stolid things and will never respond to anything short of a gocd pounding: others will smile sweetly and look lovingly even at a bunch of violets. *The latter is the kind of piano which gets popular. As the older William Knabe ence remark ed to me, stability was not enough; he had that. What he wanted was (this was ii\ I860) responsiveness, the qual ity which pleased a lady, so that she could get the music without forcing the piano. So, while either for lack of sufficiently masterly ears or something, the half dozen^best pianos cannot be distinguished when played by a third parson, there are great differences to the player himself in the responsive ness they sh/>w to the delicate shades of musical feeling. It is a great pity that this element in pianos is not better understood, be cause It influences the'musical life and the taste of pupils educated upon the piano. With a really musical and sensitive instrument all fine music sounds vastly better. The delicate fluctuation of come and go in the mu sical tensions is responded to by the piano and the player feels it and is stimulated by it. This quality is what we call "sym pathetic resonance," and in plain Eng glish we mean bv it the willingness or tendency of strings not played upon to vibrate sympathetically in harmony with strings which' are act ually flayed. It is unfortunate that in music teaching the formation and edu cation of the ear is neglected. If It were otherwise I think we would hear easily these differences between instru ments which we now find out slowly and by use. It is not generally known to the musical public, as it ought to be, that there are, roughly speaking, three rattier broad grades of commercial rank in pianos. The first-class makers produce the finest piano they know how. I think some of them are" more successful in the "know howr." Of these one make almost invariably sells at a higher price, and the others at about an eoual level with each other. Then there is a second rank of pianos of superior quality — really musical _yet sold at lower prices than those of the first rank. Below these are the com mercial, pianos, which # at wholesale rarely differ much in equivalent styles, but^at retail often do. Occasionally, under the "standard" svstem of piano selling (to "get all you can") buyers pay for these cheap makes prices which would entitle them to the best A SIGNIFICANT sign of the progress of the times : is the attitude of the public toward education: Education used to be static in meaning. Young men were sent to college to finish their education. Now they are sent rather for the purpose of exciting the desire and obtaining the material for education. Even the teacher, that old-time essence of learning completed, feels that the best incentive to the progress of his pupils is that which comes from his 6wn progress, y In recognition of this fact several of the greater American universities — Columbia, Cornell, Harvard 'and^ Chicago, not to forget pur own University of California — ' have been offering summer courses, specially planned to suit the needs of teachers. Recently the leading normal schools of the Eastern States have provided more tech nical lines of work for them. - * # ' Last year the Pacific Coast was represented in this training of teachers in the profession as well as for the profession by the San Jose State Normal School. It was one among the nineteen normal schools in the country doing summer work. The hearty response of teachers, from various sections of the Pacific Coast proved con clusively the understanding in the West of the. active ele ment in education and gained for the teachers and their fellows the privilege of another summer session. This session will begin June 29 and close August 6. Courses will be offered in all lines of primary and grammar school work, special emphasis being put upon those rriost difficult for the untrained teacher to work out for herself, such as drawing, manua.1 training, ; nature study and That some form of systematic and continuous work is needed by our.teactiers is shown in the growing dissat isfaction of the county teachers' institute held yearly from three to five days in each county. A number of the counties have passed resolutions voicing the sentiment that these institutes be abolished. Some of the reasons given for this action are that the time given to the meet ing is too short for serious work to be accomplished, that the subjects discussed are too numerous and varied for even the most earnest and attentive teacher to be greatly benefited, and that much of the work presented is not of interest or value to the whole number assembled. The summer school courses cover several weeks and a teacher may register for as few or as many of them as she feels she can well 'carry. The institute seldom pro vides more than one. or two instructors. ¦ The summer school enlists its whole faculty, each member of whom is a specialist in some one subject. This "teachers' school" is almost as cosmopolitan in its nature as the university./ Here are gathered together men and women who have been widely separated by dis tance and experience. The college graduate comes fresh from the lecture-room to learn the best ways of present ing what is already known. The primary teacher from a far away mountain district comes to gather material for presentation. The county superintendent, holding a life diploma, comes to get a different point of view and to broaden his horizon. Aside then from the work of the school itself much is to be gained from the informal^ ex change of ideas of peoplc*\vhps*e minds are so differently conditioned. When one considers the narrow setting of the lives of large numbers .of our well-meaning but not truly edu cated teachers (there are 4000 teachers in California who have no professional training of any kind), when one thinks of their lack of books, of their inability to make use of the wealth of material all about them either for their own benefit or that of their pupils, of their limited appreciation of. music, literature, art, nature, of all the great number of petty worries and half-formed, unful filled desires that go to make up. the bulk of their daily thought, one cannot but feel that this opportunity, this helping-hand stretched out willingly to all, but especially to the untrained teachers, of our oldest normal school is a movement in the right direction. Six weeks of the sum mer spent in learning to work more effectively, to see farther, to- think more deeply, to live upon a higher plane, will be returned to the teacher during the following year in many an hour of active pleasure or quiet satisfaction. ¦ Curing Fits. There is a peculiar belief among cer tain classes of people that when a dog or a cat is subject to fits the cause of the trouble" is the' squirming of a worm in the animal's tail. It is believed that the only method by which the quadru ped may be cured is to have some one bite off a portion of the tale and pull out the worm. The worm is, of course, only the marrow. It is said that several men made money in San Francisco years ago by biting oft the tails of cats and dogs to cure them of fits. .Secretary Holbrook of the Humane Society is au thority for the statement that a certain "Chaw" Murphy earned his sobriquet in this manner. A little girl who had evidently heard of the strange treatment has sent the following letter to Secretary Holbrook: "We have a cat that has a worm in its tall. It always runs around after its tail and then lays down in a faint. I have heard that there are men who »bite off the end of a cat's tail and pull out the worm. If there is any one out at the Animals' Home who will do this for me, please let me know by return mall." NORMAL SUMMER SCHOOLS. Colombia to the effect that as a result of the severance t)f Panama all southern republics would unite in indis soluble bonds against the United States. Colombia would have us believe that at a signal every soldier from "the isthmus to Patagonia would arise to the common defense of the continent against the aggressions of the northern republic. And here two of our respected sister republics are on the point of war about a shadowy boundary that has never known a surveyor's transit. While the South American republics persist in their pas time of fighting one another with each recurrent summer solstice, Uncle Sam need not worry about drawing up a call for volunteers. THE SAN FRANCISCO .CALU, WEDNESDAY, MAY 25, 1901. THE SAN FRANCISCO CALL JOHN, D^SPFECKELS, Proprietor . ? * -.. .'Address All Commaniations to JOHN McNAUGHL Manager — \ ¦¦•'¦-' .¦¦¦¦¦ \ ' • _ , ... i , — Publication Ofllco '. « Third and Market Streets, S. F. WEDNESDAY .\ .................. .MAY 25. 1904 Special information supplied dally ta business houses and public men by t&« Pres* Clipping Burwaa (Allen's). 23» Cai- Uornla *tre«t. T«l«phoa« Mala lttX • - TowBS*nd'm California Glac* fruit;* ta artistic flr*-«tcaed boxes. 7 IS Market sC* PROMISSORY NOTE — Constant reader, Oakland, CaL The life of a promissory note In California is four years. If executed within the State, and two years if executed outside thereof. If the holder, of the note does not com mence ah action for recovery thereon within the time stated he la barred by the law from so doing: * TALK OF THE TOWN AND TOPICS OF THE TIMES MEN AND MATTERS IN THE FORE AS THE WORLD MOVES 8