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The San Francisco call. [volume] (San Francisco [Calif.]) 1895-1913, May 25, 1904, Image 8

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A Tiger Bluffed.
A writer in the Bombay^Gaxette de
scribes the rare experience of seeing
the ; charge "of a famous man-eating
tiger, which ended harmlessly. "A
camel with a slipping load had;" the
writer says, "been halted not far from
his lair., when with a •wrouff (once
heard never to be forgotten) the tiger
charged for the man leading the camel.
The tiger, I have no doubt, would have
carried off the camel man, but when he
saw the long, and to him unfamiliar,
neck of a camel coming between him
and his "Intended victim I dare say he
thought things were not quite as he
had calculated. Anyway, he paused
casually surveyed the whole party and!
with tail erect, calmly walked back
CASINO— Nomalas. City. If in •
game of casino the players agree that
on the last deal the count shall be
cards, spades, big casino, little casino
and r.ces. the one who holds cards is
entitled to count first, and If he has
sufficient to go out. he wins.
HOUSES— Subscriber. City. Ore way
to ascertain "how many brick, stone
and frame buildings there are in Saa
Francisco" is to go over the block boe*
of an insurance company and count
VISITING CARDS— Subscriber. City.
If Miss Mary Jcnes marries John
Smith, while she is his wife she should
have her cards read: "Mrs. John
SmUh." but If she becomes a widcrw,
her cards should read v "Mrs. Mary
Smith."
TWICE IN JEOPARDY— B. N.. City.
An individual once acquitted of a
crime charged against him, car.not be
tried a second time for the same of
fense; in other words a person accused
cannot be twiced placed in Jeopardy.
GRAMMATICALLY CORRECT-Sub
seriber. City. The following sentence
is grammatically correct: "There. are a
woman and a child with me; they are
IN the midst of war's alarms and the trembling of the
world's greatest nations comes like a comic inter
lude the barking and snapping of Peru and Brazil
over a little piece of disputed territory away off some
where at the headwaters of the. Amazon. We read that
Peru has sent armies to Alto Yurua and Alto Purus;
that Brazil is rapidly assembling forces dignified by the
same title on the western boundary of her repubTic, and
that war to the knife is soon to be grim reality.
It seems that the same elusive needle in the haystack
that* has caused solemn threats of war, exchanges of
notes diplomatic and high conclaves between contract
ing powers in the heart of South America for the last
fifty yiears is again the fly in the ointment. The wooded
country, rich in rubber, that lies along the banks of the
Yurua and Purus rivers, tributaries of the upper Amazon,
and which constitutes the indeterminate state, of Acre,
has been the subject of s'eparate dispute between Brazil,
Bolivia, Ecuador, Colombia and Peru since ~the first
Para gum was drawn irom the trees. There have been
conventions between Peru and Ecuador, Brazil and Bo
livia until now the contest has narrowed down to the
final grapple between Brazil and Peru.
Not only does all this moll and trouble have to do with
the' cornering df the rubber market, but the finer ques
tion .of open navigation of the Amazon is also to the
fore. The father of southern waters, is open to naviga
tion by ocean-going _ vessels throughout the whole
of Brazil and up to the flourishing Peruvian towns of
/Kauta and Iquitos in the state of Loreta. These-points
of departure, situated on navigable waterj though a com
fortable 2000 miles from the Atlantic, are, nevertheless,
the chief points of shipment for the crude rubber fr6m
,the interior forests and constitute a sore stitch in the
side of Brazil. By assiduous jockeying and shifting of
the balances Peru has succeeded in laying claim to them
as the outposts of her territory. Can Brazil only plant
her flag there, the Amazon, in so far as it is a navigable
stream, will be a closed Brazilian river. .
It is instructive to, recall, the very recent threat of
RUBBER AND A "COMEDY.
GIVEN NAMES— S.. City. Charlotte
means all noble: Theodore, gift of God;
William, defending many, and Michael,
the one like unto God.
WHILE cruising in the offing at Port Arthur the
Japanese first-class battleship Hatsuse collided
with two Russian mines and sank within half an
hour. A month ago the first-class Russian battleship Pe
trop«vlovsk struck a Japanese mine laid outside the harbor
at Port Arthur and turned turtle in two minutes. To this
grisly record of, sudden extinction are added the Russian
battleships Retvizan and Cesarevitch' and the "protected
cruiser Pallada, all seriously torpedoed by the Japanese
on the first night of the war, and the Russian Boyarin,
blown up by one of its own mines, and the tale of de
struction by these two terrible forces alone is complete
up to present time.
Not until the outbreak of hostilities in the Far East and
the strife that has waged both on land and sea since that
momentous first night at Port Arthur has the world real
ized to what deadly lengths of perfection the arts of war
have progressed. The modern torpedo-boat was used
for tKe first time by the Japanese against the Chinese
fleet at the mouth of the Yalu with "telling effect during
the war of ten years ago. In our own war with Spain
the .torpedo-boat and its complement, the destroyer, played
but an insignificant part, as the bleached bones of the
Furor and Pluton, sunk by the converted yacht Glouces
ter, attest. In the strife now waging, however, tfie dead
ly sea dart has proven itself to be an engine of destruc
tion more potent than the battleship. The hidden mine,
an important factor in naval warfare for the last fifty
years, has now demonstrated its capacity for'havoc more
conclusively than ever.
. On land and sea the Japanese are using the deadly ex
plosive recently invented by Professor Shimose, so rend-^
ing in'its force that a handful laid on an iron plate an
inch and , a half thick and exploded will drive entirely
through the^metal and scatter splinters broadcast. The
¦ Russians, according to the latest press dispatches, have
succeeded in getting a war balloon through the enemy's
lines" into Port Arthur and have given it out that a battle
in the air will not be an unexpected feature of the land
fighting around the beleaguered cifj* Thus, with tor
pedoes and mines at sea, the rumored employment of
submarines beneath the waves and balloons and deadly
explosives on 'land the present conflict is typically the
twentieth century struggle forecasted by dreamers and
fiction writers for the last hundred .years. , . v * *
WAR AND ITS ENGINES.
THE TESTAMENT— Subscriber. Pi
nole, Cal. There are 533.493 words in
the Old Testament.
London's Oldest Church.
Horses are stabled in London's oldest
church, such is the unfashionable state
into which this holy edifice has fallen.
Most London visitors know Smlthfleld
and the venerable church of St. Bar
tholomew. This ancient pile once in
cluded a great priory and a hospital —
built nearly eight hundred years ago.
Its founder was Rahere, a witty cour
tier of Henry I, who, in his advancing
years, became a pious canon of St.
Paul's. . Rahere raised money for his
church by telling the story that St.
Bartholomew appeared to him in a
vision in Rome and bade him raise
the church, and pointed to the spot on
the marsh at Sralthfleld. At .the dis
solution of the monasteries by Henry
VIII the priory and the cloister were
abandoned. The citizens preserved the
hospital, which is flourishing in these
days. But of Rahere's old church only
the choir and the cloisters remain. All
that Is left has, thanks to the present
rector, been restored excepting the vrest
cloisters. Some £30,000 has been spent
on the pious work, but another £1500
is needed before the west cloisters, now
used as a stable, can be restored. The
old Norman arches are now bricked up,
but when the restoration work Is done,
as it doubtless will be, London will
have one of the most interesting groups
of ruins in England. The old church
where Sunday service is yet held has
seen the martyrdoms of Smithfield. the
death of Wat Tyler and the execution
oi the great Sir William "Wallace, and
in earlier centuries the tournaments of
Edward III and of Richard IL
Ar.szccrs to Queries.
A PASSED DATE— M. S.. City. Jan
uary 24, 1877, fell on a Wednesday.
A Colorado family feud, dignified by age and enriched
by exceptional bitterness, ended the other day in a double
murder. The affair, by a -strange trick of fortune, has
become a subject for congratulation to the district in
volved from the fact that nobody immediately concerned
in the quarrel remains to be murdered. It is always grati
fying to know when our friends, in their efforts to punish
their enemies, accomplish enough to permit the neighbor
hood to live in reasonable pursuit of peace and life. ,
---'The Grand Jury has added its voice of suggestion to
the plea that the public schools of this city be placed
without delay in a sanitary condition. Surely no feature
of municipal life, can . demand higher recommendation
than this effort to make the public school healthful.
School, hygiene is of more vital importance than scholar
ship or even morals, for both depend intimately upon the
health of children for their development . Good health
is the keystone in the arch of education.
No Boer Trophies.
The London County Council, as might
be expected of the representatives of a
peace-loving community, does not ap
preciate war trophies. It recently con
sidered the proposal of the War Office
to accept two guns to be displayed la
the Embankment Gardens or in one of
the London parks. One of the guns
wras brought fr»m China and the other
was captured from the Boers. The
British people have no pride in think
ing of the South African war, nor in
displaying in London a wretched
"trophy" taken from the people Trho
are now their fellow-subjects.
v The Xippon Fisherman.
Where now the brownie flsher-lad?
His hundred thousand fishing-boats
Rock idly in the moats;
His baby wife no more is glad.
But yesterday, with all Nippon,
Beneath his pink-white cherry trees.
In chorus with his brown, sweet bees.
He careless sang, and sang right An.
Take care! for he has ceased to sing;
His startled bees have taken wing!
His cherry blossoms drop like blood;
His bees begin to storm and sting;
His seas flash lightning, and a flood
Of crimson stains their wide, white
ring;
His battleships belch hell, and all
Nippon is but one Spartan wall!
Aye. he. the boy of yesterday.
Now holds the bearded Russ at bay;
While, blossom'd steeps above, the clouds
Wait Idly, still, as waiting shrouds.
— Joaquin Miller, in the Century.
A Reply to Dr. Bane,
To the Editor San Francisco Call-
Dear Sir: May I resent some state
ments made by one Rev. A. C. Bane
anent the wickedness of the stage and
published in your paper of May 23? I
think the statement that "no church
member would feel pride in having a
son or daughter keep company with
an actor or actress or even be
ing seen in public with them"
is unworthy any "man," much
less an alleged apostle of him
who said "He that is without sin cast
the first stone." My father is a clergy
man, who at present Is serving a splen
did people In a prominent church in
the East, and both he and they thor
oughly approve of my vocation. I am
fortunate in numbering among my best
friends members of the Methodist
clergy, four of whom are now at
tending the General Conference in Los
Angeles, but will be my guests "at the
California Theater" next week. Mr.
Bane attributes his present views to
his work as a reporter. Whv does he
not give the real reason? I would
suggest more brotherly love in his
heart, plenty of fresh air and sunshine
and a good digestion medicine. To my
mind the man who disgraced(?) the
Methodist . church by losing his life in
the Iroouois Theater fire was worthy
of more commendation than he who
condemns those who are earning their
living by honestly using the only talent
given them. Mr. Bane asserts that
Shakespeare was a libertine, but he
might well emulate him by finding
"sermons In stones (not by throwing
them) and good in everything." Very
sincerely, TERESA MAXWELL,",
- Morosco Stock Company.
Edgemere Hotel. San Francisco.
Monday, May 23.
The Four Fingers.
No better epitome of the late Henry
M. Stanley's career has been conceived
than that given by himself In his "story
of four fingers." On his return* from
finding Livingstone, he said, he had the
honor of a public reception by the
Royal Geographical Society, and the
especial honor of being presented "to
an exceedingly distinguished personage
In the scientific world." which regarded
him with condescending favor and even
went so far as to shake hands with
him. "He gave me." said Stanley, "one
finger!" After his second and third ad
ventures, his exploration of the lakes
and his opening of the Congo to civ
ilization, he was again publicly re
ceived, and this distinguished person
age regarded him with even more favor
than before. Again he shook hands
with him. "He gave me two fingers:"
Once more Stanley went to Africa, to
rescue the faithful Emln. and on his
return he was a third time publicly re
ceived. A third time the distinguished
personage condescended to smile upon
him, still more approvingly than be
fore, and a third time to offer him his
hand. "He gave me three fingers!" Yet
once more Stanley appeared in public,
with a fair companion. Miss Dorothy
Tennant, who a few months later was
Lady Stanley. There once more the
distinguished personage was present.
so far condescended as to- beam
upon him with unreserved approval.
"The throng was too great for me to
get near him," said Stanley, "but I
have no doubt that had I been able to
do so he would once more have of
fered me his hand, and on this occa
sion he would have given me all four
fingers!" In this tale were set forth,
perhaps with all-uneonscious frank
ness, the weakn?s?»3 as well as the
strength of his character, the changing
altitude of the great world toward him
and the steadfastness of his own soul.
When he concluded. "Gentlemen, the
story of those four fingers is th» stcry
of mv life," the listener felt that he
knew him then as never before. — New
York Tribune.
THE compound, complex, comminuted fracture in
Democratic politics is exhibited in Ohio. The party
there is divided into Hearstlings and Conservatives.
But Buckeye conservatism is a different article from that
known by that name in New York. It means Tom
Johnsonjsm and its tenets are found written in the last
State platform on which Johnson ran for Governor. It
includes.. all the.creed of Populism and Bryanism and So
cialism: It demands government ownership and opera
tion of all public utilities, the substitution of direct leg
islation for representative government and the judiciary,
through the initiative and referendum, and free trade for
protection. .
Just why that kind of conservatism should oppose
Hearst is not explained. The Ohio 'Democracy does not
take kindly to Judge Parker nor Olney. It has part of a
soft side for ex-Attorney General Harmon, but seems to
prefer a favorite son in the person of Judge Kilbourne,
who is unknown to external fame. Johnson has a per
sonal choice in Mr. Polk of St. Louis. Polk is the young^
District Attorney, who found Democratic management in
Missouri so rotten that he became famous by sending a
job lot of his fellow Democrats to the penitentiary. , He
even hooted the Lieutenant Governor out of office.
The morality of the Missouri Democracy seems to
have been wrecked on legislation concerning alum in bak
ing powder. The question was of sufficient financial im
portance to warrant the Missouri mazuma in expending
large sums of money and the 'Statesmen fell in shoals.
Even United States Senator Stone was said to be in
volved in alum. Having taken a rise out of baking pow
der Mr. Polk is considered to be of Presidential size by
Mr. Johnson. He is no doubt a faithful and fearless
prosecutor, but one fight against alum does not make a
man of Presidential sire.
It is after all probable that the Ohio delegation, when
it gets to St. Louis, finding Ohio conservatism not fitted
to any other candidate, may settle on Hearst His meth
ods are like unto those of Johnson and. these two could
join forces without doing any violence to their principles.
There is a perceptible check, to. the Parker boom every
where. It is not going forward as was expected after
the New York convention. This may be due to the lead
ership of Mr. Hill, who has never been a favorite with the
party outside of New York. That he is smart and sly is
conceded, but even in the South, where the people are
willing to spell success with any letters, he failed to gain
a foothoW. . . ' f
From the present outlook the Democratic leaders seem
to be rather sparring for position in 1008 than trying to
win now. There is a deep-seated conviction that the de
feat of Roosevelt is impossible, and that the beat that
can be done is to build fences for the next time.
OHIO CONSERVATIVES.
A Piano's Excellencies.
DT W. P. K. MATHEWS.
(Author- r,r "Th* Uroat In Music." "History or
Music." etc.)
?Oor>yr.«ht. 11KM. by Jo^ph B. Bowie* >
Of all vibratory apparatuses in-
Vented by man for musical purposes,
the violin and its family are the most
wonderful, since the slender body of
the violin stands up under tension and
j>ours out an endless variety of musical j
and appealing tone for centuries to
pother. a mere fabric of thin wood
hold together by slue. I do not even
< are to assign to the violin a back seat
'in comparison with nature's work In
such musical compendiums as those
•of the little brown thrush; the bob-o-
Jitik. the meadow lark and the mock
ing bird: the'violin has greater range,
:i hiffher adaptability in tonal de
mands, and outlasts I know not how
many generations of the delightful
warblers of the bird tribe. Yet the
wonder is how much the birds do get
from their tiny pipes.
Xext to the violin I place the mod
ern concert piano. When the piano is
played by a really great master, of
the masterly technic which had taken
the trouble to rub off the traces of
art, as Godowsky. for • instance, and
one sits a little away from the instru
ment, the result is beautifully spon
taneous in character. The instrument
>peems to be quite a? willing to thun
der ft* to Eing sweetly and melodious
ly, and it passes all the way from one
extreme to the other by all those
countless gradations of emotional
fluctuation which distinguish our mod
ern music.
Granted a scale capable of refined
'tonal, results, and a construction af
fording stability, everything else or
nearly everything else turns upon the
sounding board. Here is where a fine
and cultivated system of guesswork
still holds sway. The commercial artist
establishes as many measurements
and lines as he can; but the result is
after all greatly a matter of chance.
It was claimed by the late musical
savant, J. J. Fetis of Brussels?, that
Stradivarius in selecting wood for a
violin was in the habit of testing its
t*ibratory qualities by taking a pencil
like stick and drawing a bow over it
and listening to its tone. There are
rriany who think that Fetis probably
knew more upon this point than
Ftradivarius. yet the fact remains that
th£ violins of Stradivarius have a
larger' vibration and great sonority
than any others, although* the young
est of them are now > 206 years old.
The violin has the advantage of the .
piano in that it can be taken apart
and glued up over again without feel
ing insulted. It is possible to renew
the sounding board in a piano, but it
is rarelr done, because it Involves re
constructing the instrument; it is |
nearly as radical as replacing a few
of the dorsal vertebrae in man.
The sounding board of an ordinary
upright piano is a thin spruce board
about a quarter-inch in thickness and
measures about four feet by live,
glued together in strips, out of the
heart of the wood. Sounding boards
used to be sawn in the piano factory
out of logs of spruce lumber, care
fully seasoned for many years: they
are now, by a very few, bought by
the hundred from planing mills built
expressly for handling this kind of
lumber. It is doubtful whether there
is a person who can accurately predict
tiVe tonal qualities of a sounding
beard while it is still in the lumber;
and it i« quite certain that any pos
sible excellence of selection might be
ruined by bad handling, of which let
us speak. But first I will say that
young Albert Weber once told me,
when he was in his prime, that when
ever he had to start a particularly im
pdrtant instrument, an art piano or
a test instrument, he used to select a
certain kind of grain in the wood and
a certain tint, which he showed me.
There was no actual testing for tone;
that was left for the wood to answer
for. •¦;•¦•-.-
Now a piano sounding board labors !
under the following difficulties among |
others. It has to be free to vibrate
and it must be amiable enough to vi
brate easily, so that a lady can pla>\
it with pleasure. Yet the thim? has to
be fastened tightly to a frame and so
braced that.it can endure a crushing
drain of from one to two tons from
the strings for years together and
pwell up and shrinks bark again un
der the influence of moisture in the
eir, for there is no way of making
wood entirely insensible to moisture.
I, think a few makers have ways of
protecting their boards bo that they
reduce this element to a minimum,
but it is evident . that a board four
feet wide, fastened at the sides and
put on "crowning." i. e., convex to
ward the strings, can do nothing else
than bulge up more when the wet
Fwells it and shrink back again as it
(fries out. The violin shares this dif
.nculty. as you can hear in the tone
when the rain Is good and plenty.
Moreover, the violin also feels it in
the strings themselves, which soften
* in the wet and therefore, divide more
soggity into vibrating segments.
What we are after in the sounding
board 1$ to get in it as much as possible
of the vibration of the strings. To this
end the Btrins Is held perfectly rigid at
the end nearest where the hammer
strike*; away out toward the right it
rests upon a wooden bridge, which in
turn is glued upon a sounding board.
The string must rest so firmly upon
the bridge as to* transfer to the board
into the Jungle. The camel man was
either so frightened or the wholo
thing from beginning to end had occu
pied so short a time (less than a min
ute, I should judge), that he did not
stir from the place where he was when
the tiger made his first attack."
The discovery has been made again that certain of the
dives, which by grace of the police are permitted to
flourish on Market street, are selling intoxicants without
the formality of protection granted by a liquor license.
It is strange that the police have found out that these
dens exist on the greatest thoroughfare of the city" in
open defiance, of decency. And it is stranger still that
anybody' pretends that whisky is sold in these pitfalls
of the town. .'¦'
all its vibrations in all states of the
weather. Thus there are always up
ward of 250 steel wires pulling down
upon the bridge as they cross it, firmly
enough to *insure most of the vibration
passing directly into the board. To re
sist it the board is arched and strength
ened upon the back by means of ribs,
little strips of spruce, some' of them
nearly an inch in one dimension, and
the art Is to place these ribs where
they will do the most good. To illus
trate the refinements here possible I will
mention an incident told me of the first
producer of commercial pianos, or one
of the first. He desired to make the best
pmall upright possible for the money.
Accordingly he bought a small Stein
way upright and imitated it as closely
as he could. The result was A surpris
ingly good instrument for the price.
About a year later the late' George W.
Lyon chanced to mention this piano to
William Steinway, whereupon they
si-nt for one and went over it carefully,
recognizing the excellence of the in
strument. They then notified the maker
that He would have to change the num
ber of upright supports at the back of
the instrument or else change their po
sition, as tjie Steinway held patent
rights "upon . the combination of five
supports of these particular distances.
When he had made this change his lit
tle piano was a Samson whose locks
had been shorn. The posts behind had
been related to the ribbing of the
sounding board, and if the copying me
chanic had known the principle he
might still have accomplished his ends
by changing both to correspond. But
he did not. •
When these improvements in pianos
first began Helmholz had not yet pub
lished his results concerning the vibra
tions of wires. But already an inven-.
tion had been patented intended to use
what we might call a by-product of the
string vibration, namely, that part of
It which gets past the bridge toward
the end of the wire. The Stelnways
put another bridge farther on, at just
the distance to make an octave with
the fundamental tone, or a fifth, ac
cording to the range where they need
greater strength, of one harmonic or
another. „ This adds to the sweetness
«.rf the tone. And it is further encour
agement of investigations not always
scientific, but primarily by ear and for
art purposes, that when ttfey sent one
of the best instruments to Helmholr
he wrote back that he had been obliged
to revise his theories concerning the
vibrations of steel strings, as they had
secured subdivisions which he had
found impossible.
There is this curious thing about
piano tone. I suppose that six pianos
by the best makers might be placed
side by side upon the stage, and if
played impartially by the same player
no person at the end of the hall, or
even fifty feet away, could pick out the
makes by the tone. This has been
tried over and over again, and, so far
as 1 know, it has never been done. We
always have to fall back upon the in
fallible criterion mentioned by a blind
St. Louis tuner who had just failed
in such an experiment. He wagered
that he could name a test which would
classify them every time. Upon ad
justing conditions he named It. It was
"the price at which they were sold."
tCow the question arises' how it is pos
sible for a particular make of piano to
sell invariably at a price not -simply a
few dollars higher, but generally from
J100 to $200 higher, and Btill not be dis
tinguishable at a distance from anoth
er sold at the lower price. This is a
nice question and "reputation" does
not satisfactorily solve it.
If I am buying a piano I want it for
the music. I expect to play it myself;
or I am buying it for some one who
will play it personally. Therefore, I
want to please myeelf or please the
player. Now pianos differ as much as
pet-ple. Some are, stolid things and
will never respond to anything short
of a gocd pounding: others will smile
sweetly and look lovingly even at a
bunch of violets. *The latter is the
kind of piano which gets popular. As
the older William Knabe ence remark
ed to me, stability was not enough; he
had that. What he wanted was (this
was ii\ I860) responsiveness, the qual
ity which pleased a lady, so that she
could get the music without forcing the
piano. So, while either for lack of
sufficiently masterly ears or something,
the half dozen^best pianos cannot be
distinguished when played by a third
parson, there are great differences to
the player himself in the responsive
ness they sh/>w to the delicate shades
of musical feeling.
It is a great pity that this element
in pianos is not better understood, be
cause It influences the'musical life and
the taste of pupils educated upon the
piano. With a really musical and
sensitive instrument all fine music
sounds vastly better. The delicate
fluctuation of come and go in the mu
sical tensions is responded to by the
piano and the player feels it and is
stimulated by it.
This quality is what we call "sym
pathetic resonance," and in plain Eng
glish we mean bv it the willingness
or tendency of strings not played
upon to vibrate sympathetically in
harmony with strings which' are act
ually flayed. It is unfortunate that in
music teaching the formation and edu
cation of the ear is neglected. If It
were otherwise I think we would hear
easily these differences between instru
ments which we now find out slowly
and by use.
It is not generally known to the
musical public, as it ought to be, that
there are, roughly speaking, three
rattier broad grades of commercial
rank in pianos. The first-class makers
produce the finest piano they know
how. I think some of them are" more
successful in the "know howr." Of
these one make almost invariably sells
at a higher price, and the others at
about an eoual level with each other.
Then there is a second rank of pianos
of superior quality — really musical _yet
sold at lower prices than those of the
first rank. Below these are the com
mercial, pianos, which # at wholesale
rarely differ much in equivalent styles,
but^at retail often do. Occasionally,
under the "standard" svstem of piano
selling (to "get all you can") buyers
pay for these cheap makes prices
which would entitle them to the best
A SIGNIFICANT sign of the progress of the times
: is the attitude of the public toward education:
Education used to be static in meaning. Young
men were sent to college to finish their education. Now
they are sent rather for the purpose of exciting the desire
and obtaining the material for education. Even the
teacher, that old-time essence of learning completed,
feels that the best incentive to the progress of his pupils
is that which comes from his 6wn progress, y
In recognition of this fact several of the greater
American universities — Columbia, Cornell, Harvard 'and^
Chicago, not to forget pur own University of California — '
have been offering summer courses, specially planned to
suit the needs of teachers. Recently the leading normal
schools of the Eastern States have provided more tech
nical lines of work for them. - * # '
Last year the Pacific Coast was represented in this
training of teachers in the profession as well as for the
profession by the San Jose State Normal School. It was
one among the nineteen normal schools in the country
doing summer work. The hearty response of teachers,
from various sections of the Pacific Coast proved con
clusively the understanding in the West of the. active ele
ment in education and gained for the teachers and their
fellows the privilege of another summer session. This
session will begin June 29 and close August 6. Courses
will be offered in all lines of primary and grammar
school work, special emphasis being put upon those rriost
difficult for the untrained teacher to work out for herself,
such as drawing, manua.1 training, ; nature study and
That some form of systematic and continuous work is
needed by our.teactiers is shown in the growing dissat
isfaction of the county teachers' institute held yearly
from three to five days in each county. A number of the
counties have passed resolutions voicing the sentiment
that these institutes be abolished. Some of the reasons
given for this action are that the time given to the meet
ing is too short for serious work to be accomplished, that
the subjects discussed are too numerous and varied for
even the most earnest and attentive teacher to be greatly
benefited, and that much of the work presented is not of
interest or value to the whole number assembled. The
summer school courses cover several weeks and a
teacher may register for as few or as many of them as
she feels she can well 'carry. The institute seldom pro
vides more than one. or two instructors. ¦ The
summer school enlists its whole faculty, each member of
whom is a specialist in some one subject.
This "teachers' school" is almost as cosmopolitan in its
nature as the university./ Here are gathered together
men and women who have been widely separated by dis
tance and experience. The college graduate comes fresh
from the lecture-room to learn the best ways of present
ing what is already known. The primary teacher from a
far away mountain district comes to gather material for
presentation. The county superintendent, holding a life
diploma, comes to get a different point of view and to
broaden his horizon. Aside then from the work of the
school itself much is to be gained from the informal^ ex
change of ideas of peoplc*\vhps*e minds are so differently
conditioned.
When one considers the narrow setting of the lives of
large numbers .of our well-meaning but not truly edu
cated teachers (there are 4000 teachers in California who
have no professional training of any kind), when one
thinks of their lack of books, of their inability to make
use of the wealth of material all about them either for
their own benefit or that of their pupils, of their limited
appreciation of. music, literature, art, nature, of all the
great number of petty worries and half-formed, unful
filled desires that go to make up. the bulk of their daily
thought, one cannot but feel that this opportunity, this
helping-hand stretched out willingly to all, but especially
to the untrained teachers, of our oldest normal school is
a movement in the right direction. Six weeks of the sum
mer spent in learning to work more effectively, to see
farther, to- think more deeply, to live upon a higher plane,
will be returned to the teacher during the following year
in many an hour of active pleasure or quiet satisfaction. ¦
Curing Fits.
There is a peculiar belief among cer
tain classes of people that when a dog
or a cat is subject to fits the cause of
the trouble" is the' squirming of a worm
in the animal's tail. It is believed that
the only method by which the quadru
ped may be cured is to have some one
bite off a portion of the tale and pull out
the worm. The worm is, of course, only
the marrow. It is said that several men
made money in San Francisco years
ago by biting oft the tails of cats and
dogs to cure them of fits. .Secretary
Holbrook of the Humane Society is au
thority for the statement that a certain
"Chaw" Murphy earned his sobriquet
in this manner.
A little girl who had evidently heard
of the strange treatment has sent the
following letter to Secretary Holbrook:
"We have a cat that has a worm in
its tall. It always runs around after
its tail and then lays down in a faint.
I have heard that there are men who
»bite off the end of a cat's tail and pull
out the worm. If there is any one out
at the Animals' Home who will do this
for me, please let me know by return
mall."
NORMAL SUMMER SCHOOLS.
Colombia to the effect that as a result of the severance
t)f Panama all southern republics would unite in indis
soluble bonds against the United States. Colombia
would have us believe that at a signal every soldier from
"the isthmus to Patagonia would arise to the common
defense of the continent against the aggressions of the
northern republic. And here two of our respected sister
republics are on the point of war about a shadowy
boundary that has never known a surveyor's transit.
While the South American republics persist in their pas
time of fighting one another with each recurrent summer
solstice, Uncle Sam need not worry about drawing up a
call for volunteers.
THE SAN FRANCISCO .CALU, WEDNESDAY, MAY 25, 1901.
THE SAN FRANCISCO CALL
JOHN, D^SPFECKELS, Proprietor . ? * -.. .'Address All Commaniations to JOHN McNAUGHL Manager
— \ ¦¦•'¦-' .¦¦¦¦¦ \ ' • _ , ... i , —
Publication Ofllco '. « Third and Market Streets, S. F.
WEDNESDAY .\ .................. .MAY 25. 1904
Special information supplied dally ta
business houses and public men by t&«
Pres* Clipping Burwaa (Allen's). 23» Cai-
Uornla *tre«t. T«l«phoa« Mala lttX •
- TowBS*nd'm California Glac* fruit;* ta
artistic flr*-«tcaed boxes. 7 IS Market sC*
PROMISSORY NOTE — Constant
reader, Oakland, CaL The life of a
promissory note In California is four
years. If executed within the State, and
two years if executed outside thereof.
If the holder, of the note does not com
mence ah action for recovery thereon
within the time stated he la barred by
the law from so doing: *
TALK OF THE TOWN
AND TOPICS OF THE
TIMES
MEN AND MATTERS IN
THE FORE AS THE WORLD
MOVES
8

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