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SAN FRANCISCO, TUESDAY, NOVEMBER 15, 1904. VOLUME XCVI— NO. 1CS. AMERICAN FEDERATION OF LABOR OPENS TWENTY FOURTH ANNUAL CONVENTION IN SAN FRANCISCO De legations Include Women, PRESIDENT. GOMPBItS SECRETART MORRISON. OFFICERS OF THE EXECU TIVE COUNCIL AND DELEGATES. OP THE -AMERICAN FEDERATION OF j LABOR AT THE CONVENTION AT LYRIC HALL. In giving so much labor information. J. B. Conroy of St. Louis and C. L. Shamp of Omaha, both representa tives of the International Brotherhood of Stationary Firemen, read N The Call's special edition before they ar rived in the city and praised it very highly. On their train were several delegates, all of whom purchased as many copies of* the paper as they could procure from the news agent. ' . O. A. '.Tveltmoe, the secretary and treasurer of the State Building Trades Council of California, yester day was profuse in his praise of The Call's Federation ot J Labor edition that appeared on Sunday morning. He said the paper was beine sought for by strangers in the city jand that it* 1 would be kept by visitors *aa a ref erence on labor Questions. Fred Hudson, representing the Western Central Labor Union of Se attle," Wash., declared the edition was one of the finest he had ever read and one which would be thoroughly ap preciated by every labor delegate now visiting on the coast. He is a member of Typographical Union No. 202. John W. Morton, president of the Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen, said The Call's Sunday morning edi tion contained more labor literature than was ever, printed in that number of pages before and that it was the intention of Eastern delegates to the convention to circulate a large num ber of copies throughout the sections they represent. J. B. Dale and L. B. Levitt, who represent the Labor and Trades Coun cil of Vallejo, pronounced The Call's edition splendid. They said the paper had been read by every laboring man about, the navy-yards and in the vi cinity of Vallejo, and that The Call was the only paper to be seen in the hands of the delegates at the head quarters or. at the convention hall. J. Fitzgerald, who represents the Waiters' Union of this city, said 'The Call's special edition was the finest that ever happened." Fitzgerald has assisted in entertaining ' a large number of the visiting delegates and says that all of them' extend congratu lations to the paper, for its enterprise Much Favorable Comment. Special JLabor Edltlofa the Subject of PRAISE THE' CALI/S ENERGY. Mayor Schmitz welcomed i the dele gates at considerable length .as the chief magistrate of, San Francisco and also as a- member of a labor unon. I President Gompers then made : reply to the ', addresses of welcome and ; his address .was frequently cheered. Gom pers spoke, as follows: r "I beg to thank you In behalf of the Amezi- GOMPERS REPLIES. President Knox of the California State Federation" of Labor was next in troduced by the chairman. He began by welcoming: the delegates to the city el San Francisco and the State of Cali fornia and expressed the hope that the visitors would take advantage of the opportunity, afforded them by their visit to see the other cities of the State. He dwelt upon the work of ; the State federation and its fight against the Chinese and Japanese laborer. Knox urgently^ asked the delegates, to investigate personally the cheap labor conditions of the Pacific Coast so that when the time comes they will rally to the support of the Western labor men in their attempt to obtain effec tive exclusion legislation. He closed with a tribute to . President Gompers and the work of the American Federa tion of Labor in its active representa tion of over 2,000,000 workingmen.j ' J. Williams, president of the City Front Federation, spoke a few words of welcome. and expressed the belief of the federation in the principles of advancement of the wage-workers of the country. , . . . P. H. McCarthy, followed in a speech against the Citizens' Alliance,'; Herbert George- and .the union man who know ingly handles non-union goods. Mc- Carthy's remarks were frequently ap plauded. He welcomed the delegates to' California and expressed the hope that many of them would stay. here after their work .was finished, | because, as he said, he wanted California built up by the best people. "Not the Kind," he continued, "that are brought here through the manage ment of notorious scoundrels like Her bert George; not .the kind brought here by Murray & Ready, who are save'd only by technicalities from be ing behind - prison bars. The open shop will " not exist in California, no matter' how many strike-breakers they bring to maintain it. Their proceed ings are bad for . workmen, and mil lionaires alike, , as evidenced, by [ the late outrages in jColorado. > "We. have ! no fear of 'the; Citizens' Alliance, no fear of the open shop, and I ask you to do one thing— see to it that you do not pass non-union articles and try to sell them to union men. The only way to make this. great or ganization useful is to have- discipline and provide the sinews of war. In this city — probably/ the best 'organized in the world, I speak for: the building trades— I will' give you $100 for every 'scab' mechanic you •' find by raking the city ; over, with a fine tooth comb." In' your deliberations on behalf of the high and holy cause of labor. ' • • . • The men that paved. the way for civiliza tion here overcame obstacles and'' the prejudice and- ignorance, of the former Inhabitants. . So to do we have to contend with these forces. There Is no charce under the sun. no crime on the . calwidar with which ¦ the men of the American Federation have not. been •charged. We do not claim that any one Join iris the fedtratlort thereby becomes an ancel or an archangel. ¦ We have no choice; we must take the workmen as th»-- are, and If our opponents charge that they are Ignorant men and some of vldotw propensities, all that we can say In answer is that It Is the fault of the greed of the modern capitalist, who doesn't care where he goes. ¦ who will rake i the four ¦ cor ners of the earth to bring in men, so long- as they work rheao and lane and are d>jlle. ¦ The employer will 'say that his work people are - perfectly contented. If, men are good enough to be employed they are good enough for us to, organize for their . betterment. No man can say that by. joining an organization a vicious nian will become more vh-ioua ¦ While stopping over, in Indianapolis 1 had occasion to visit the various • labor headquar ters. %While # on the street I met Mr. Parry, who requested a private talk. I made an ap pointment to meet him before my train lef C When I reached ¦ the ' place designated I re ceived r a phone message from Mr. IJarry gay- Ing that. the house- of the club to which, he belonged was burning and that he could not meet -me. 1 1 quote this merely to show that I am not certain- but that I shall be charged with setting fire to the clubhouse. . . ., The American Federation of Labor stands for everything that Is ! best ; In the labor move ment. | -It Is constructive, not destructive. ' It builds: up ¦ manhood and citizenship. The • rec ords of -the movement at, the ; homes and fire sides show our advancement.- It has been our lot for years in the East to guard against dan ger, but thanks to Providence and wise thought organized . labor has "placed vanguards of the labor movement at , the Golden Gate. ¦ Tour mission *ls* to guard the gate from those who would undermine I Western ' civilization. "We do not object to the China man . because be Is a Chinaman. Call him 4 by any other nama " We shall be 'conservative — only 'Just aa far as is essential to the success of our movement. no more. We have learned the meaning- of that, term'and' its various constructions. • •it is to know what you want and then know you're right, in wanting It. To.be conservative In every way" that will help to conserve success for the achievement of your purpose. That Is the best .eoncemion to . place upon . the .word. Be "moderate -in your demands, but radical In th determination to achieve them. < We. are honored by your words of 'wel come and believe we are not vain when we say that we bring honor to your State. The men who make up the conventions of the American Federation of. Labor are men . who have graduated from the ! factory, the ! work shop, the mill and the. mine. They, are men Who have stood the test of ehepmates. and there is no better place tn this world to find out t b e character of a man than in | the shop and at his work. There, If anything- in the man is mean, it will show Itself.- ¦ ' . To me it is always an Inspiration to meet the delegates to the national convention. - Mo matter ; how tired and worn out I am when I meet 'any delegates I meet men, and I have an opportunity to drink at the fountain of th« elixir of life. • ... can Federation 'of Labor for the sincere words cf weicoir.e extended to the - federation. It has betn ihe hope of the delegates for years that they might some time come to California and there hold one convention of the Ameri can Federation of Labor in this great State and city. One ; by one representatives of trade unionism have . come to the coast, but others followed, and two years ago the executive council of the federation for the first time in Its history held, a session in this city. ¦ . It seemed to me typical of the erowth of this great city and State a* the old maxim says, "Westward the Course of ' empire takes Its way."' that a3 the men ot the early BO'p, -the sturdy pioneers who fought against tremendous odds, to establish camps, then boom towns, then villages and after that cities and t> erf.it i^tate. - I repeat it seems to me that this growth is typical of the steady advance of organized labcr in California. On motion Will J. French of the Typographical . Union of S^n Fran cisco was appointed assistant secre tary of the convention. The committee on credentials then made a report. % Immediately following the report William G. Schardt, representing the Chicago Federation of Labor, declared that his name had not been read and desired to know if he was seated. He was informed that the committee would decide his case at the earliest possible moment. - " .Michael Casey was appointed ser geant at arms and A: E. Smith messen g-er. , The -various committees for the two weeks' session were then ap pointed. • and we. would still, object to him. -We object to him because he is a cheap man, and no progress is posstble .made up of cheap men. Taking a view of the United States, ot Can ada and Great Britain, the labor movement is one. and with Porto Rico it is one. In a short time this unification will extend to the Continent, and then and not till then will the much talked of universal peace be assured. "While, here we shall attend to the work" of the convention to the best of our endeavor. We shall not take away with us anything ex cept ytmr. good will and. good wlahyfs. and I hope the re."»pect and confidence of your unions in our record of work well done tn the inter fst of laboring people East and West. And I may further add that I hope kindly ap preciation may be vouchsafed to the men and women throughout the nation working in the cause, of the American Federation of Labor. Host of Socialists Are Present in the Gallery. gates. What he said was in part as fol lows: In the name of the organized workers of Pan Francisco I bid you a hearty welcome to our city and State. Our homes are entirely at your disposal, and we trusrt that you. will <lo us the honor to consider- yourselves not our guests, but members of our family and house hoM. To the delegates representing the American Federation of Labor In this convention, to the fraternal vlFilors representing our fellow trade unionists in Canada and Great Dritain, and to the representatives of those kindred nrgranizaticns now assembled in the- common cause of labor, the trade unionists of San Francisco extend fraternal, greetings, coupled with the assurance that, although you may have traveled far from your own firesides/ you are still at home in the hearts and by the hearths of your co-workers in the labor move ment. . • • - Trade unionism knows no distinction of race, color or creed: neither does It know any geo graphicBi limitations. North, HGUth. east and wept, in every country and clime. In this year of grace as in all the years that have passed away, the hearts of the organized workers beat in uiiison to > the music of that noblest Inspiration of the human race, industrial lib erty and equality. San Francisco has never failed to raise her voice in the grand chcrus of the world's workers, nor to lend her ear In sympathy to the voices raised from the uttermost corners of the earth. As we have teen with you In spirit throughout the rast, eo we are with you in the flesh to-day — comrades in arm". brothers and sisters in the noble cause. Long: may our meeting last, and when the parting comes, may the fraternal Handshake 'place a firmer seal upon the union of our hearts. WALSH GIVES WELCOME. During- your visit with us it will be our pleasure to show you some of the beauties of California, a. State In which nature has com bined the elements in the production of her choicest handiwork. The citizens of California are proud of their heritage of mountain and valley, of river and field. "We are proud, too, of our people, the children of the hardy pio neers of '49. -But, above • and before all, we ere proud of our labor movement — that struct ure of our own hands — which, in extent and po 'tency, so fittingly complements the physical characteristics of our surroundings. The seed* of that movement were planted by the giants of the early days- and through sun shine and storm the crop has prospered ex ceeding well. It Is our boast, and a justifiable one I hope you will admit. . that San Fran cisco Is one of the most thoroughly organized cities in the United States. We, owe that fact to the Eoundness of the principles upon which our work is founded and upon which It has been conducted. ! Those principles, I hardly need remind you, , are the principles of the American Federation of Labor. It is now sixteen years since the San' Fran cisco Labor Council, .then known as tha Fed erated Trades, secured a charter at your hands, a charter which, bearing the name of your, and our. honored president, Samuel Gompers, still traces the hall of the Labor Council, a charter which has never been disgraced and which, God willing, shall forever remain with us as the emblem of our faith and the in spiration of our hearts and hands. In 1888, when that charter was granted, the Labor Council stood here upon the shores of the Pacific the solitary outpost of the labor movement separated by a thousand miles irom the nearest company of our friends. - To-day we etand in the midst of the great army of organized labor, the lines of which extead north, south, east, aye, and west, in un broken phalanx, ready to do. battle for the cause in whicfc.we. are enlisted. During these years many stirring events have occurred. . but the principles of organized labor have triumphed over all opposition, whether from without or from within. In all this we do not claim any special merit in ourselves. We recognize, and we here make personal ac knowledgment ;of the fact, that but for the support of our fellow trade-unionists in other parts of the country, organized and federated under the banner of the American Federation of Labor, we oould not possibly have . prosper ed so rlorious»y as we have. Mr. President and delegates to the conven tion, I feel that no words of mine, no words, however eloquent. ; of human r tongue, can ex press the pride and gratification with -which the trade-unionists of San Francisco greet you upon the eve of your labors. I feel, too, that no formal expression of our regard is aseded. Let me ask . you in • all : sincerity to take tha deed for the word. • Again I bid you welcome, thrice, welcome, within our- cates. Stay as Ion* as you can and may the all-freeing One guide and bless you there were red. white and blue stream- I ers and shields with the national colors j emblazoned on them in great profusion at decorations in all. directions. Red, white and blue banners depended from I the center of the ceiling and were looped up at the sides and ends of the hall. Each State and Territory in the United States was represented by a red, white and blue shield and the names of the sisterhood of States were broadcast. Oddly, although there I were British delegates on the stage, I the placing of even so much as one British flag in the scheme of decora tions seemed to have been overlooked. At the opening of the proceedings President Gompers, his associated of ficers and members of the local' recep tion committee occupied the stage. The other delegates sat in the body of the hall. Long tables were arranged the entire length of the auditorium. Beside the tables sat the delegates in opposing rows, each equipped with writing mate rial, the general effect being to pro duce the impression that a great num ber of resolutions may be forthcoming. If any delegate wishes to write reso lutions the facilities are unparalleled. Every seat in the body of the house was taken by delegates. Near the door outside of a railing that was guarded %vas a fringe of worklngmen who were interested spectators. Among the dele gates -were several women. There was also one negro delegate on the floor, who rose to say something just before the noon recess, but he was out of or der, and a sharp series of raps of the gavel in Gompers' hands caused him to subside. The gallery that surrounds the auditorium on. three, sides was com pletely filled with spectators. Here also were a few women, but the great ma jority of the delegates and nearly all the spectators were men. YOUXG MEX NUMEROUS. They were nearly all young men, two thirds of the entire number, both in the delegates' seats and in the galleries, were 30 years old or less. The youngest of the delegates is Robert S. Meloney ' of Lawrence, Mass., aged 22 years— the only delegate from east of Boston. There were several others not much older. Gray beards and gray hairs were known only to a minority, and a small minority at that. The first cheers of the day were heard when Mayor Schmitz climbed to the stage and faced the audience. Gompers received a good welcome. He Is smooth ly shaven, short, stout, wears gold bowed eyeglasses, a snugly fitting Prince Albert coat of black, which re veals a well-rounded figure; on the fourth finger of his left hand is a hand some seal tins: on his shirt front glit ters a large diamond. When he jokes with the audience he looks as benevo lent as Mr. Pickwick. When he is ex cited his voice rises, and the fact that he has a strong, firm mouth and a prominent nose Is impressed on the spectators. Gompers' associates on the stage were a comfortable looking lot without exception. They were well dressed, smiling and enthusiastic. The two British delegates— Wagnall and William Abraham, M. P. — have beards. They looked like conservative business men as they sat a good part of the day on the stage. Mr. Abraham frequently called out, "Hear, hear," when some thing that pleased him was said. After Gompers had called the conven tion to order J. O. Walsh, "< president of the San Francisco Labor Council, dellv- i ered an address of welcome to the dele- ' Delegates Are Young Men ; Gray Heads Are Few. About 10:20 o'clock yesterday fore noon Samuel Gompers, president of the American Federation of Labor, brought dcw-n an ebony gavel with a resounding thwack on a table in Lyric Hall, and with that the- twenty-fourth annual convention of the organization was called to order. There have been conventions of the federation in a number of other Ameri can cities, but this is the first ever held in San Francisco. Local interest was therefore intense. The day was filled VP with events relating to the federa tion and the topics that concern It. In the forenoon there was a "glad hand'' session, in which welcome was extended and duly acknowledgfd. In the afternoon President Gompers, Sec retary Frank Morrison and Treasurer John B. Lennon had the floor to them selves, and they touk up the convention timf making annual reports. In the evening a reception t? Presi- i «;ent* «>o«?H/-: t - was givtji at Piom*er j Hall by the retail clerks. At ihe Al hambra a mass-meeting took place, at tended by the Carmen's Union and *;ighi branches of the Butchers' Union. I At Native Sons' Hall the machinists j gave a high jinks to James OConnell j and other delegates. Sessions of the American Federation | of Labor often are stormy. There was a sisrn of trouble when the convention came together yesterday, and there will undoubtedly be lively scenes before thp work er.<is. The cloud that hung in the pky yesterday was owing to the ques tion? about the Chicago Federation of | Labor. This body, so its leading mem- I }.frs say, has a membership of some-! thing like 200,000. It is in trouble with the American Federation of Labor. Yesterday its president, Schardt of Chi- j capo, sat intently listening while the committee on credentials reported. On the face of the report Schardt and his many followers were not even given mention. They were n^t accredited as being entitled to have delegates on the floor. Schardt arose and quietly asked j what was meant by the report. He was | informed that organizations that were not reported by the credentials com mittee at that time would be given a Fpecial report later. With that he sat down, and nothing additional de veloped openly regarding the Chicago organization. SOCIALISTS ARE EAGER. Socialism will be brought up for dis cussion before the convention ad journs. Just when this will take place no one seems to know. It may be in troduced in fome form to-day. All of yesterday prominent Socialists were ill the spectators' gallery and they were taking a very ljvely interest in the jvroreedings, frequently exchanging comments and speculations among themselves. At one particular spot there were at least a dozen Socialists who have been ¦u-ell known all over the city during the frequent agitation of Socialism. There are Socialists as delegates on the floor. Socialism has been before the convention of the American Fed eration of Labor before and has been defeated. Since then the Socialists fcsve succeeded in polling many more votes than ever before at a general election. It is no secret that some of the nore ardent Socialists believe that this Is the opportune time to try' to see if they can get the federation to indorse their ideas. Socialism and the Chi c&go difficulty were the leading themes of conversation in the convention lob bies yesterday. Mixed with the speeches at the opening of the proceedings of welcome in the forenoon yesterday was the cus tomary sound of sharp words. Presi dent Gcrnpers and President Mc- Carthy of the Building Trades Coun cil were noted in this regard. The au dience applauded with hands, boot hc-els and voices when hard raps were given. The, most applause went to where there was a show of fight against those who are considered by the federation tq& be its enemies or In denunciation of the Governor of Colo rado and the Citizens' Alliance. At the forenoon session a band of music enlivened the beginning of the proceeding?. It marched out ahead of President Gompers. his official asso- | ciates and the delegates from the Russ House. It held the fort in the con vention hall until the noon recess. The first tune In the hall was #; My Own United States," from the opera of "When Johnny Comes Marching Home." To this all the proceedings of the day were attuned. FLAGS IX QUANTITIES. American flags were everywhere, on the table of President Gompers, on the tables at which the secretary of the convention and the British and Can adian delegates sat, looped up on the front of the stage, at the back of the stage, where two largre flags flanked a larjre picture of Gompers. Then Vitriolic Phrases In troduced by the Speakers. Co-operative stores were discussed at a gathering of the butchers' and street carmen's unions at the Alhambra last night. The house was filled and the orators and the audience were enthu siastic. Richard Cornelius, president of the Carmen's Union, acted as chair man. John L. Davie, ex-Mayor of Oak land and head of the California Co operative Meat Company; P. H. Mc- Carthy and W. D. Mahon. president of the International Street Carmen's Un ion, were the speakers. John Mitchell was expected to make an address, but he sent word that ow ing to other engagements he could not appear. P. H. McCarthy told of the organiza tion of the Progressive planing mills, and in a fiery address denounced the policy of open shop and advocated co operation. He said in part: The beauty of co-oj>eration Is that no one can be a millionaire. There Is no argument strong enough to biock this, movement. AH the Corbetts and Fltzslmmons»s In the country could not land It a knockout punch. Co-crpera tlon moans the . end of the strike, the lock out and the blacklisting. "Xet t *<» •. i»t d-V ' Mlwn -Jcb-iK tJv*i .- *rmv-"/- W« do' not «ant It. - TKey cannot take It with tawn vrbeu they die. Ther^ is enongh donated already to start co-operative butcher shops In San Francisco on the same lines as ! th«s ones in Oakland. J. Jj. DAVIE SPEAKS. J. L. Davie was introduced by Corne lius. He said in part: I came back to Oakland about eight months *go, having Just recovered from a Ion* Illness. I had no money, but I had my nerve, with me. I went to work at the butcher's block at $2 5O a day and had been there but thre* ¦ days when I iound myself locked out. I was Justly Indignant. Certain people came to me and offered me work at a reasonable salary. If I would comply with certain con ditions. I told them that I would not. I had tolled hard for the city of Oakland an<l while I was Mayor there were no policemen burglars. I gave the city a clean admlnis ' tration. Well, we started the movement for co operatlva butcher-shops. We started with no office furniture but a barrel desk and a table, but we had our nerv«. The California Co-operative Meat Company started with one (hop. Now it has five and we will bava two more before December. "W. D. Mahon said in part: I have had little time In the last live or six years to study this subject as I have been busy with my own organization. The co operative movement is often misunderstood. aM confounded with Joint stock companies. The difference between them is that In tha co-operative plan the members work for one another, in the Joint stock companies they work one another. We have reached the point where working men must study economy and act like business men. This movement Is not socialistic. We don't want to tear down the castle, but we dr» want to destroy the hovel. " Let us roll up our sleeves and go into this movement with a will and our opponents will soon go out of business. BARBERS EXTERTAIX. The Journeymen Barbers' Union held open house last night at their O'Farrell street headquarters for the entertain ment of the visiting delegates. Among the visitors were President of the In ternational Barters' Union Frank Nor chang. Secretary J. C. Shanessy, J. Shillebar. secretary of the Sheet and Metal "Workers' Union: Frank Jordan, business agent of the Western Miners' Union of Colorado; W. E. Klapetzky. past secretary and treasurer of the Barbers' International Union, and Frank Smith, president of the Oakland Journeymen's Union. All these made short addresses. President Samuel Gompers addressed a large gathering of retail clerks In Pioneer Hall last night. If those pres ent expected praise they were doomed to disappointment. He accused them of niggardliness and lack of apprecia tion of what had been done for them by members of other branches of organ ized labor- After paining a victory the members of the "associations," as they usually prefer to style their organiza tions, would disband sooner than pay the 50 cents a month to keep their or ganization alive. In about a year old conditions would obtain, followed by more agitation, another victory and on Its heels another disbandment. The clerks, he said, are -starving out their own International officers to save a few cents per capita. Mr. Gomper3 spoke strongly In favor' of universal peace, but he said It must either come from mutual recognition or from fear. The meeting was presided over by Charles B. Whllden, president of the district council of retail clerks. Among the speakers were J. H. Devine of Scranton, Pa., a delegate to the con vention; Max Morris of Denver. Inter national secretary- treasurer of the re tail clerks: G. E. Schaver of Portland, secretary of the State Federation of Labor; Mayor Eugene E. Schmitz and P". S. Lewis, national vice president of the United Mine Workers. Welcomes Given Open House Is Kept for Delegates' Pleasure. Clerks Are Rated Audiences Assemble in Theaters to Applaud. Lyric Hall Is Gay With Many Flags of Nation. MUCH SPEECH MAKING THAT GETS CHEERS DISCUSSION OF THEMES OF INTEREST THE THEATEHS. ALCAZAR— "Th« Climbers." CAUCFORNIA — "A Friend of th« Family." CENTRAX. — "Winchester." COLUMBIA— 'The County Chair man." CHUTES— Vaud«TiIl 9. FISCHER'S— Vaudevill*. GRANT>— 'The Fatal Weddlac.** MAJKSTIC — "Hearts Aflame." ORPHEtil — Vaudeville. TIVOLJ — "The Messenger Boy." THE WEATHER. Forecast made at Ean Francisco for thirty hour* ending- midnight. No. vember IS. 1904: San FraacUco and vicinity — Rain Tue«aar; brt»k to hlrh *outhea»t triad. O. H. WILLSON; Local Forecaster. Temporarily In Charge. The San Francisco Call.