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THE SAN FRANCISCO CALL
JOHN" D. EPRJBCHJEUjS. . .. .« __ _.•......_...-•. ••*►•... .Proprietor
. ADDRESS iLL OOKVCKXCATXOKS TO
JOHN" M&7AUGHX „_-.... .Man— er
CVBLJCATIOjr <JmC8...>..... M . < THIRD AKD H4BKBT BTKEBTB» BAN FRANCISOO
TUESDAY ,«,^..,^. < ...^..»»».»APRrL It. ltOi
THE CARQUINEZ BRIDGE.
VARIOUS public and commercial bodies that have taken juris
diction of the subject have received from their committees re
ports in favor of the building, by the State, of a bridge across
Straits of Carquinez. The reports favor such construction as may
be used by all railroads, electric roads, road vehicles and live stock.
There is no bridge on the Sacramento below the city of Sacramento,
and a wagon bridge would greatly facilitate intercourse between the
ntry on both banks of that stream and both shores of Suisun Bay.
. Put railway and wagon traffic cannot be permitted to interrupt
or impair navigation. A bridge constructed by the State must re
ct the rights of navigation just as much as one built by a corpora
n. The Federal Government everywhere enforces this rule on
- -<=ippi. already spanned by many bridges, some of]
■ <iraw and some suspension, is now crossed by still another at
tebes, 111., which will be opened for traffic this week. Its cost is;
HO. It is a combination cantilever and is 231 feet above the
iter, constructed in five spans. It is an unusual height for a pier;
but modern methcwtS of construction permit structures that
•hie when the bridging of that stream began.
The physical difficulties in bridging the Straits of Carquinez are
ny. If the approaching grade permitted it could be crossed by
c.s as span the Scotch friths. This would require a change
the line and grade of the railroad on both sides, and seems to be
1 >. Engineering skill must therefore find means for using ;
hat will not disturb navigation.
nstruction by the State introduces an entirety new element
c matter. None of the reports that favor that plan has dis
:he authority of the State to do the work. The counties have
build bridge?. We believe the first bridge over the Sac
to was a county work. If a county can build a bridge over
navigable water at Sacramento, a county or two counties can do the i
avigable water at the Straits of Carquinez. Of this there
•'"> be no doubt, but no one has shown authority in the State
•k same thing. It may reside in the State's jurisdiction
•oral on tide waters. If not, where is it found?
The question is not analogous to the things done by the State
water front of this city. There authority is perfectly clear,
elusive. The counties of Solano and Contra Costa could I
he straits under such restrictions* as the War Department'
mpose. A corporation or the State would be under the same
The War Department can compel the bridge to accom- .
electric cars and wagon traffic, but it is doubtful whether the !
•uld impose such or any conditions upon the work. It is
thai for general use of wagons and livestock, a bridge at the j
UOt be as convenient as one farther up, spanning the j
rammto River proper. This is because of the restricted nature |
he approach at each end. This approach at Port Costa and
rowded already by the railroad yardage.
\ bridge has long been needed by the railroad and the public,
and but little has been done to even perfect the preliminaries for its !
• ictkML To throw it upon the State will probably long delay
rk. All these things should be considered by the commercial
h wish to invoke the State. It will help toward a de- j
- '-odies will investigate the power of the State to do I
rk. We do not deny that the power exists, but its existence
ado plain. It will be seen that if the work is put upon the ,
it« and it appear that the authority to do it is lacking and must be '
red either by legislation or an amendment to the constitution, i
rars and perhaps of four may be caused. It is desir- 1
avoid this, and the way to avoid it is by settling the question •
state's authority now.
The Mississippi bridge at Thebes required three years of im
hroken work in its construction. That at Carquinez or any point
on the river would surely require as much time. So it is quite
-ary to be sure that we are right before we go ahead. There
-her ca*es in the United States in which States have done
work. If so, they are likely to be known to the engineers, and
if they exist would give us some precedent for guidance. The Mer
.xchange. which has already taken charge of the matter,
- to be the proper body to enlighten the public on the subject of
te construction, which it has already favored.
TAXATION OF GOOD WILL.
|—^ RAN'CHISE taxation, when it is accomplished in such way that
■"■* the toll taken by the Government is not really on the value of
the privilege the State has granted, hut is a levy on the personal
capacity reputation for integrity and the good will of the persons to
i the franchise is granted, is the subject of a study in the "Polit-
Sctence Quarterly," by Carl C. Plehn of the University of Cali
fornia. It will be of special interest to the people of this State be
it is based on a decision of our Supreme Court last year, in the
•nent of the Bank of California, and shows the logi
cal connection of that construction of the law with the right to tax
the good will of partnerships and individuals.
In that case the assessment was made as usual on the capitaliza
tion of the corporation, but in addition to that, the Assessor, seeking
10 make taxation reach to personal property not shown up by the
of real estate, money, notes, etc., took the difference
en the ag£rr£ate market value of all the stock and the enu
merated tangible property to be the value of the franchise, and de
cided that this value was taxable. The Supreme Court upheld him.
The paper on political science holds that this value as ascertained
by such method was not the value of the franchise, unless the prin
ciple is meant to be maintained that the mere right to be a corpora
tion is a taxable franchise. In such case the estimate goes far beyond
the mere cost value of a big franchise, in attorneys' and other fees,
etc., and is calculated on a value produced by the personality of the
men who control the corporation ; and so is really a tax on good will.
The vexed question then comes up of what is the meaning of the
term franchise when we consider it in the sense of a "franchise of
great value." It is said to have received its most ludd illustration
in a speech by David S. Terry during the Constitutional Convention
of 1878. He explained by taking the case of a bridge company ; the
value of the bridge bears no proportion to the value of the exclusive
privilege. It will readily be seen how the value of such a grant from
the State differs from the mere right to be a corporation, to which
large wealth may come from the personality, capacity, etc., of its
It is held in the above mentioned paper that the taxation of
good will is wrong: that it runs counter to strong social forces;
that there is the strongest popular prejudice against the taxation of
that which is the result of personal qualities; that "a fair assess
ment of so intangible an item of personal property as good will is an
unattainable ideal, and, with the best intentions on the part of offi
cials, results in inequalities and injustice."
Emperor William's declaration at Tangier In favor of maintaining *th«
open door" will be approved by all countries having commercial relations
•with Morocco. The world's neutral or "open" markets at present are few
enough, and neither England nor any other country could desire to have
raised around Morocco a tariff wall as high as that which Incloses Algiers.
Sir Thomas Upton b&jts he 1« coming over after the cup once more. There
were some fears that Sir Thomas had grown discouraged and had decided
to leave the cup where it Is. — Washington Post.
Mr. Rockefeller can fill quite a sizable book If he takes down the names
and addresses for future reference of all those wh© think It ts right to take
his money for a good cause. — Chicago News.
President Castro has his Supreme Court so thoroughly tamed that It will
eat out of his hand. — Chicago Tribune.
France may soon have te add to th* stranuaus Itfa of the world by -tannins;
Morocco. — Cleveland Leader.
THE SAN FRANCISCO CALL, TUESDAY. APRIL 18. IDOS.
THE CALL PRINTS MORE NEWS THAN
ANY OTHER PAPER IN SAN FRANCISCO
FOR the information of newspaper patrons a comparative statement of
the news contained in the three morning papers for the week of April
9to I£, inclusive, is given below— the foreign, Eastern, coast and local
figures referring to items; the marine, real estate, society, theatrical and labor
news being computed by inches:
Foreign Eastern Coast Local Marine R. Estate Society Theat. Labor
CALL 180 368 451 531 411 214 130 95 21
Chronicle 145 346 304 509 342 121 114 80 0
Examiner 57 217 156 371 362 106 108 10 22
This comparison shows that The Call leads the Chronicle 3J and the
Examiner 123 foreign stories, the Chronicle 22 and the Examiner 151 Eastern
stories; The Call leads the Chronicle 147 coast items and the Examiner 29 J.
In local San Francisco news items The Call leads the Chronicle by 22 and the
Examiner 160. The Call printed 411 inches of marine news, while the
Chronicle printed 342 and the Examiner 362 inches of the same class of news.
Of real estate news The Call printed 214 inches, the Chronicle 121 and the
Examiner 106. Society news received. 130 inches in The Call, while the
Chronicle devoted 1 14 and the Examiner 108 inches to this class of news. Of
theatrical news (excluding accounts of the opera), The Call printed 95 inches,
the Chronicle 80 inches and the Examiner 10. Under the classification of
labor news The Call printed 21 inches, the Chronicle did not publish news
under this classification, while the Examiner printed 22 inches.
From the above showing it must be conceded that The Call has more
thoroughly covered the news territory than any other paper published in San j
Francisco, while the manner of its presentation and the general character of!
the news printed is of such a nature that no successtul comparison whatsoever
can be made. When it is considered that newspaper patrons are buying and
paying for the news, is it any wonder that The Call's subscription lists are
increasing so rapidly?
SHE was alone; that much he
From the time the steamer left
Bremen until it struck out into
th .« open Atlantic h^> hardly 110
i ticiM her, but once at sea she spent
I every day on deck and always alone.
It was Colford's own loneliness which,
forced him, half unconsciously, into a
1 silent comradeship of sympathy with
'■ her. Ten years abroad in the Aus
! trlan consular service had made him
feel like a foreigner, now that he was
among his own countrymen again.
I Nearly every one else on board had
' friends, or made them readily, but for
; some reason — their own disinclina
■ tion, he thought — the two remained
She was in mourning. The soft
' clinging black made her look even
! younger and more girlish than she
' was, and yet it gave her a certain for
' lorn dignity.
Once he passed her on a windy
morning up forward. It was early
and there was no one else on deck.
As he came abreast of her the wind,
1 in a vagrant frolic, blew her long chif
| fon veil across his eyes. It was a
clingy, exasperating veil. By the time
Colford was disentangled he was an
gry and embarrassed until he met her
After that he raised his cap when
they met and she acknowledged the
silent greeting shyly. One night a
wild ppring tempest broke in sudden
fury over the gray sea. It was after
midnight. Colford stumbled into the
cabin drenched with spray, and met her
face to face. Her face was white and j
1 phe held a sobbing child in her arms,
! soothing him gently, while the mother
had hysterics in a corner.
"There is no danger." Colford said.
She looked up at him smiling.
"I am not afraid. There is never
danger when one does not fear."
By the time Sandy Hook was reached
the sixth day, Colford knew he was
overboard. It was her shy dignity that
attracted him, her . ir of absolute self
reliance and reserve, when he knew she
was forlorn and desolate. She told
him her story tl.e ("ay after the Btorm.
It was a simple bit of tragedy, a
tragedy of circumstance. She was an
Austrian and an orphan. Her father
had been a Viennese surgeon.
"And after he died a year ago," she
had told Colford, leaning over the bul
wark, her gray eyes dreamily watch
ing the long, swelling waves sweep
back from the steamer's sides, "we
lived at Brazza on the coast, mother
and I. It was her old Home, and there
was nothing else to do."
"And then " said Colford. as she
"Then a month ago she left me also.
She told me to come to America. I
have an uncle, my father's brother, who
OAST YOUR OPTICS OVER THESE AND MAKE UP YOUR MIND TO BE CHEERFUL
THEY DID IN HER CASE.
Mr. Knowßltt Awl — No two
men are alike.
Mrs. Weeds — Oh! I don't
know. I've been married twice.
The girl in black stood looking
back toward the open sea.
will meet me in New York. He is the
only relative I have in the world."
"Are you sure he will meet you?"
"I cabled him I was coming. He is a
physician also," she said gravely. "He
loved my father dearly. I know he will
"And if he does not?"
She glanced up with troubled eyes.
"But he will. There is no one else In
all the world who would help me."
Colford spoke quietly, but a trifle un
steadily, as he looked down Into her
serious, childlike eyes.
"You must not say there Is no one
else. I, too, am alone in the world.
Does not our mutual loneliness give us
a claim on each other? Surely you will
let me help you?"
A faint color rose slowly to her
cheeks. She looked back at the sea.
"I think I should, perhaps."
When the steamer swung from the
Hudson into Its slip on "West street Col
ford sought her for the last time. The
rest of the passengers crowded into the
bow of the boat, half-crazy with Joy as
FATHER WAS LOADED.
Little Tessie (8 a. m.) —
Mamma, is that thunder I
Mrs. Wise (waiting for him)
— No. That's your papa com
ing upstairs aa quietly as he
they recognized friends and relative*
on the pier, but the girl in black stood
aft, looking back at the sunlit river —
back toward the open sea and Austria.
"Are you sorry it is over?"
"Europe?" She spoke wistfully.
"No. the voyage." He went on as she
did not answer. "Has it been nothing
at all to you? Do you care. Helene?"
The purser came hurriedly from the
cabin, a telegram in his hand.
She opened it slowly. The message
was brief. Colford caught the paper as
it fluttered from her hand. It was from
a city hospital and merely stated that
Josef Vorga. physician, had died six
"There is no one else," she said,
Colford led her to the cabin.
"There is one other, you forget," he
told her. "Let me be the one, Helene."
She waited where he left her. tear
less, hopeless, yet with the quaint dig
nity that seemed to enfold her like a
magic cloak of separation from the
world. It was half an hour before Col
ford returned. There was a new look
on his face as he bent over her, a look
of protection and determination.
"Dear heart, this glorious land of
the free refuses to let a little foreign
maiden all forlorn land on its shores.
You are a waif, sweetheart, a friend
less, penniless waif, according to the
officials downstairs, and as such they
propose in a friendly, courteous way,
to ship you over to Ellis Island as an
unwelcome immigrant, and deport you
to Austria on the first steamer sail
She smiled for the first time, a faint
ghost of a smile, though her eyes were
filled with tears.
"It Is terrible, I know." she said.
He took her hands In hi«. "The land
of the free is willing to allow a girl
immigrant to enter, providing some
one marries her. Helene, It's Ellis
Island or me. Can you choose, sweet
The steward came up the stairs,
saw the two figures and vanished. Out
on the river a tug whistled shrilly.
"When one is alone," she began.
Colford raised the hand he held to
"When two are alone," he correct
ed, "they cannot possibly be alone.
They have each other. The voyage
has only begun, little shipmate."
(Copyright, 1905, by F. C. Eaatment)
Townsend's Cela. Glace Fruits. In ar
tistic flre-etched boxes. 10 Kearny st. •
Townsend's Cal. Glace Fruits and
Choice Candies will start a branch store
at 76? Market street on April 20, 1905. •
Special information supplied dally to
business houses and public men by the
Press Clipping Bureau (Allen's), 30 Cali
fornia street Telephone Main 1042 •
Friend — Was his college edu
cation of advantage to him"*
Proud Dad — You bet. He got
a Job as motorman almost im
THE SMART SET
The Sorosis Club entertained its
members and guests most delightfully
yesterday afternoon at a muslcale in
the clubrooms. Mrs. Oscar Mans
feldt. chairman of the music commit
tee, was in charge of the programme,
wh'eh offered two artists. Mrs. J. E.
Birmingham, contralto, and Wences
lao Villalpando, cellist. Both were
happy In their selections, which af
forded the greatest pieasure, Mrs. Bir
mingham receiving much welcom*.
and Mons. Villalpando meeting with
many admirers. The Sorosis meetings
are unexcelled in the nature of their
The William Tevis home on Taylor
street will be the scene of the benefit
for the Protestant Episcopal Old La
dles* Home Saturday afternoon. April
28. Society takes a great interest in
this charity, which is the special
charge of the Episcopal church. Mrs.
John I. Sabln, president of the home.
Is warmly assisted by Mrs. Willium
Tevis, Mrs. Sydney V. Smith. Mrs. S.
G. Sanborn, Mrs. Charles Gibbs, Mrs.
James Newlands and several others,
whose efforts are untiring for the
comfort of the home.
Among other features of entertain
ment, the Twentieth Century Musical
Club and the Hawaiian band will flg
Mrs. William Ford was hostess at
an informal tea yesterday afternoon
on Pacific avenue. Among those who
were entertained were Mrs. Alexander
Thomas, Mrs. Rudolph Spreckels,
Mrs. George Richards. Mrs. Henry
Walsh, Mrs. Talbot. Miss Grace Dex
ter. Miss Eleanor Ford, Miss Helen
Mersius and Miss Belle Reis.
Miss Martha Pratt and John T.
Donnellan were married on Saturday
afternoon at the home of the bride's
parents on Hyde street. The bride.
who is the dauhgter of Colonel and
Mrs. Sedgwick Pratt, wore a prstty
gown of white chiffon cloth with tulle
PLEA FOR HEATHENISM.
The Mikado tells his soldiers to be truth
To obey commands, be loyal, never
To keep sincere and guard against vul
If THIS ia heathenism, let It come!
He bids them banish boasts and gr**d
To guard against extravagance — be
When duty calls, but face the need with
If THIB is heathenism, let It come!
To priz« their reputations and their
Be virtuous and frugal, is the sum
Of the rules he has them say in camp
If THIS is heathenism, let It eom»l
— Philadelphia North American.
FACTS ABOUT BANANAS.
Under very favorable circumstances
a banana plant may give a stem of
fruit in nine months, but it generally
takes from fifteen to eighteen months
for the average plantation to be In full
bearing. The life of a plantation va
ries according to the fertility of its
Eoil and topographical situation. Some
soils may need a rest in six or seven
years, while others may last practic
ally forever, as in cases where periodi
cally enriched by alluvial deposits.
Sandy loam, through which water or
rain will freely percolate, is the best
soil for bananas. The stalk needs a
•large amount of rainfall for Its suc
cessful development, but water must
not be allowed to remain on the sur
face or immediately under the surface
of the soil surrounding it. lest the
water be heated by the tropical sun
and become stagnant, in which case it
may kill the plant
POPULAR CHINESE WOMAN
Mrs. Moy Kee. wife of a wealthy
Chinese merchant in Indianapolis, is a
popular figure In the most exclusive
social circles of the Hoosier capital.
She Is a mandarin's daughter and her
husband is a nobleman in his own
country, being a distant relative of the
late Li Hung Chang. Mrs. Moy took
Indianapolis by storm when she first
appeared there. She and her husband
have initiated many social friends into
the mysteries of epicurean Chinese
cookery. At one dinner they gave the
menu was composed of Oriental dain
Mrs Hlxon — You told me be
fore we were married that I
was the sunshine of your life,
and now you stay out late every
Mr. Hizon — Well, you can't
have sunshine after dark.
▼•11, carrying lilies of the valley. H?r
maid of honor. Miss Jane Swsisjert.
wore pink chiffon, carrying Brides
maid roses. Lieutenant H. C. Pratt
served the groom as best man. Only
a few friends and relatives witnessed
the ceremony, although the bride is
well known, both In military and civ
ilian society. Mr. Donnellan is a prom
inent resident of Goldileld, where
their home Is to be.
Admiral and Mrs. Yates Stirling,
with Mr. and Mrs. Yat^s Stirling Jr.,
will arrive on the Korea from Yoko
hama, where the admiral has been in
charge of a fleet. Miss Helen and Miss
Margaret Stirling will also accompany
their parents. They axe en route for
Baltimore, and during their stay in
this city will be the guests of Mrs.
Charles M. Dougherty.
Mme. Sembrlch entertained Miss
Mary Carrick last Friday in her
apartments at the St. Francis.
Claus Spreckels sailed on Saturday
for Honolulu, where he will remain
for - short time.
Miss Eugenic Hawes has returned
from the south, where she has been
visiting for the last fortnight. Her
wedding with Rev. David Crabtree
will take place next Tuesday.
Mr. and Mrs. Francis Carolan and
Mr. and Mrs. Joseph D. Grant !—▼•
to-day for the East preparatory to
spending several months abroad.
Yesterday at high noon at tha home
of the bride. 2122 Pacific avenue, Miss
Ernestine Levy was united In marriage
to Harry A. Siegel. a prominent young
business man of New York. Dr. Voor
sanger officiated at the ceremony,
which took place in the presenc« of
about forty friends of the family-
The happy couple left last night on a
trip to Southern California, whence
they will go to Chicago and New York.
They win return later to the St. Fran
cis for a short stay.
ANSWERS TO QUERIES.
LETTERS— A. B. a. City. A letter
addressed to an individual on board of
a United States vessel will follow him
until It reaches him.
DUTY ON WINE— A. S.. Santa Rosa.
Cal. Claret sent from California to
Germany is taxed a customs duty of
20 marks for every 220 pounds.
SWIMMING RECORl>— Subscriber.
City. The swimming record for one
mile in tank Is held by B. Keran of
Australia, time 24 minutes 36 1-6 sec
onds; the record in open water Is held
by D. Bllllngton of England, tlmt 24
minutes 56 2-5 second*.
THE BOER WAR— E. J. X., Panaca,
New The figures of the British War
Offlee show that during the Boer war
in South Africa the British army was
represented by 460,000 officers and
There are no exact statistics as to th->
Boer army, but It is estimated th
numbered 75,000 officers and men. Th-
British lost 1072 officers and 20,973 men
killed and missing; 3116 officers an I
514 men were sent home as mv 1
The coat of the war to the British Gov
ernment was £206.224,000. Th« Boer
statistics, estimated, show a lose of
3700 killed or missing and 22,000 prison
HIGHBINDER— W. R, Fairbanks.
Cal. The Century dictionary defines
a highbinder as "a bold, roysterlng
rowdy; an insolent ruffian; on* of a
gang which commits outrages on per
sons or property for fun."
"Highbinders," so called, were known
In New York, Baltimore and other
cities of the United States before 1849.
In that year and subsequently
became familiar In California, where
at present the term is used only to
designate a member of a Chinese seer
society, band or gang existing not only
In California, but in other cities, asso
ciated for blackmailing purposes,
assassination. In the Interest or pay af
other societies or individuals.
The first printed record of "high
binder" in the United States that has
been discovered is the following* from,
the New York Evening Post of De
cember 2. ISO?: "A desperate associa
tion of thieves and unprincipled vaga
bonds, calling themselves 'highbinders ■
during the last winter, produced
The first time the word "highbinder"
was used In connection with the Chin
ese In San Francisco was in the early
seventies by a special policeman named
Delos J. Woodruff, who had a beat in
the Chinese quarter. In testifying la
the Police Court he said: "The trou
ble was caused by a lot of those high
binders.** The Judge asked him what
he meant by "highbinders" and his re
ply was "Chinese hoodlums." The lo
cal papers took up the word and from
that time , Chinese assassins and
hatchetmen were designated in print by
the term "hlrhbinderi."*
Mamma — Bobby, what are
the "working: classes"'
Bobby (after a pause) — Th«
classes in spelling and arith