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THE SAN FRANCISCO GALiL JOHN D. SPRKCgraig \u25a0 \u2666 » • • Proprietor ; ' . ADDRESS ALL COMMUNICATIONS TO S QHX 3IcXAUGHT V. . .' -J • -Manager PUBLICATION OFFICE THIRD AND MARKET STREETS. SAN FRANCISCO WEDNESDAY. ! \u25a0. : - • • • • ..APRIL iB, 1906 THE reading world has made the acquaintance of Mr. Peschkoff, as Maxim Gorky, through his contributions to the morbid and r pathological literature of the* time. His star rose almost to oc cultktibn with that of Count Tolstoy. His books have materially assisted the politics of despair, wherever there are people suffering oppression or bearing the heavy burdens of erivy and hatred of those who are more fortunate than themselves. He has the genius of story telling, and his own experiences in the hard school of poverty and oppression equipped him with an ample stock of material and a quiver full of arrows to shoot at conditions as he sees them and as he knows them. Because he spreads thepain and spite and unhap pirress of life under the conditions to wliich he was bred upon the Paiges of books the world accepts him as a genius and buys his books. We have not known much about him in this country. Tolstoy talks English fluently, and many Americans, literary and otherwise, have called on him, "and he has talked freely with them of his so cialistic views and his ideas of human government. But Tolstoy is not the idol of the Continental Socialists. They require some thing more rank than he. So they have adopted Peschkoff as their Russian ideal of what Socialists should be. Like a prominent Amer ican literary Socialist, he has put away his wife and children. Em pirical marriage, domesticity by rule of thumb, is a practice' of those European Socialists who swell their cult until it verges uporr an archy, but as far as Mr. Peschkoff is concerned, having adopted him as a genius, we buy and read his books regardless of his atti tude toward the domestic relations. He has come now to this country to promote the revolutionary propaganda in Russia, to raise money to buy arms, and is angry because Americans inquire into the status of the woman with whom he lives, and whom he introduces into American homes. As we nrade no such inquiry of the bookseller when we bought his books, he cannot understand why we should make it when he is intro duced into our houses. The distinction may be strictly American, but we make it. His relations with the present partner of his domes tic life may have been made respectable by divorce and marriage. His interpreter says that there has been neither divorce nor mar riage. • He says there have been both, at least he says the' woman is his wife by all and sundry ties and bonds which he enumerates, and accuses his enemies in Russia of pursuing him here in the matter. • \Ve enter no judgment concerning it. ,He is in the United States in behalf of a cause that has the sympathy of our people,* so far .as it involves the divorce of Russian church and state, the grant ing of a political constitution, liberty of conscience and a civilized jurisprudence. If he is here to raise money for such a purpose he will get some. If he is here for help to raife guns and ammunition to be used in creating a socialistic Utopia in Russia, he will get some money, but the Socialists must give it, other people will not. • His conduct so far has indicated that he is evil disposed toward all government. He looks upon the calm judgment of the law in this country, and upon public trial, with the burden of proof upon the. state, with the same hatred that he' expresses toward the secret •and -.tyrannical processes of injustice in his own country. One of his first public acts was to telegraph his sympathy and support to the accused assassins of Governor Steunenberg in Idaho. His message was. couched in the fetid and hectic language used by anarchists in commending the murder of a King or President. Mr. Peschkoff seems to think that murder of the Governor of an American State is for the same cause and as commendable as the assassination of a Russian Chief of Police or Provincial Governor. Some one should show Mr. Peschkoff. his error. We have a close ' season for American Governors and ex-Governors. In this country the people make the law and elect Governors to execute it. Governor Steunenberg enforced the law against as cowardly and cruel. a gang of assassins as has flourished since Hassan Al Sabbas introduced secret murder into politics. For this the miscreants hailed by Peschkoff as "brothers*' murdered him. It was a cowardly crime, arid will some one tell why it is that Peschkoff's brand of Socialists seems to love cowardice that kills with due regard for its own safety? Our enormous immigration from the assassin belt oi' Europe has not yet overgrown the American sense of fair play. Our la.\vs especially punish murder by poison, by lying in wait and by ambush. Juries have no discretion as to the law in such cases. Xow Mr. Peschkoff should understand that while wo don't expel a foreign visitor for interfering in matters that are before our law courts, and that are none of his business, we sometimes leave such meddlers so entirely alone, or so limit them to the society of their own kind, that'they get tired and deport themselves. .We have had some experiences with Russian Socialists that were- not pleasant. During a strike in New York a Russian immi grant made a rousing speech to a mob of his countrymen, in which he said: "We can do as we please here. We must save our money and buy rifles, and we can put down these tobacco chewing Ameri cans:" This country is an asylum for the oppressed, but the asylum does not intend to be destroyed by that kind of inmates. .It is perhaps unfortunate that Mr. Peschkoff does not under stand' English, as Tolstoy does. The Russian is a difficult tongue in which*!'! 3 ! treasure us and our institutions, our ideas of social pro priety and our method of administering justice. KEEP COOL, BRETHREN. EXCELLENT and high-minded clergymen in this cfty are dis cussing, rather warmly, its moral status. All cities need to „ 'have their morals medicated. San Francisco is no exception. Bishop Hamilton, who lives and has spiritual jurisdiction here, has filed a description of San Francisco, including anarchy and social vice as among our characteristics. Others, supporting his. state ments, express a fear of local revolution and bloodshed. This is a very cosmopolitan city. We have here the good and the bad of many races and .nationalities. We blaspheme in ; rriany languages. Once in a while a red flag is raised. But let us be calm. In as many languages as* we use in blasphemy we offer prayer and praise. Out of the same mouth come curses and blessing. One red flag does not make a revolution. It is usually at one end of a pole that has a fool at the other end. If the fool get fractious the police takes him in. San Francisco is a frank sort of city. It displays its vices. They are not concealed. The city puts up no false pretense to be-, ing a new Jerusalem. Let us not be heavy-Hearted. The vices we have roost high to be seen, and their jackdawing may be heard afar. But our virtues far overmatch them, and make less display and not as much noise. If these good men are fearful and moved to flee, to what city of refuge will they take a ticket to better themselves iti moral surroundings? Better stay with it and work redemption, .Private Secretary Loeb has managed to keep his job at the White House through a great many vicissitudes, but we now look to see him lose favor immediately.. He was recently thrown by a bronco:— Philadelphia .North American. _ "Senator Tillman is preparing a defense of the Senate. There have been . times -when it seemed that Mr. Tillman was the principal reason why the Senate needed defending. — Kansas City Journal. v "Remembering, the fate of Mrs. Minor Morris it is unlikely that Mrs. Bellamy Stbrer will call at the White House.— New York Evening Telegram. -*. The President is having such' a strenuous time with Congress that he doesn't heed to hunt bears. — Reading Telegram. " MR. PESCHKOFF. * - THE" SAN FRANCISCO CALL, WEDNESDAY,^PRILyIS, 1906; MONKEY SHINES ON MARSELEEN BITS OF FUN HIS TURN- NOW.— Archie Feathertop— Miss-Dqra, has your father ever said any thing about me? - Dora Hope-^He hasn't mentioned your name, but I heard- him asking mamma the other day who that young fellow was that had been hanging around here late ly, and— and whether she thought he had any object in coming.— Chicago Tribune. THE NEW EXPLANATION.— The New Stenographer— Here is the letter, sir. The Boss— Eh. But hold on. There are several misspelled words here. The New Stenographer— l beg your par don/ sir. Those words are not misspelled —they are simplified. — Cleveland Plain Dealer. AI^AS, NOT SO.— "Oh, it must be fine to be a poet," exclaimed the sweet thing. "It ought to be more," replied the prac tical, one. "It ought to be fine and im prisonment."—Milwaukee Sentinel. COULDN'T CORNER THE UEACON.— Elder Keepalong — Deacon, you believe that everything that takes place is fore ordained, don't you? Deacon Ironside— Certainly I do. Elder Keepalong— Then why did "you wallop the m4n you caught stealing coal from' your shed the other night? Deacon Ironside — Because I couldn't help it. I felt that it was foreordained I should wallop him.— Chicago Tribune. CONTRASTS. — "Women certainly do run to extremes in their eating." "For instance?" ' "Well, yonder Is a girl eating" angel cake with deviled ' bam."— Louisville Courier- Jourrflll. •: . HELPING HIM ONJ— "Now, for my part," said Mr. Tlmmid, tentatively, "I wouldn't dare think of marrying—^" "Why not?" eagerly interrupted ;Mlss Ann Teek. "Because I haven't any money." "But," she. suggested, helpfully, "couldn't you get somebody to lend you a little?"— Catholic Standard and; Times. SURPRISED.— "They say that a' mild winter makes a great snake season." "That's strange. I thought the : snakes came out after a hard winter when the grip tonic was plentiful." — Cleveland Plain*' Dealer- :.-\u25a0'\u25a0 >'-\u25a0\u25a0 "..'\u25a0', \u25a0'.\u25a0 . . i»-v AND HE ESCAPED.— "Miss Jlngleby is either very grouchy or .very, considerate of one's feelings— I don't • know which." "Two widely different propositions,- I should say." ,- ' y > % "I don't know. I asked her to sing; for me, and she absolutely - rerused."—Cleve land Leader. I • . . --• OHCLE BIFF'S^BSERYITIOHS.v, It.wus worse than an uprisih' in , Chiny when;, Jeff '.;. Jackson set- down 1 onHhet red , hot hoss shoe r 'tother. - : day.TrCleveland Plain Dealer. .: TAKING ANOTHER'S RESPONSIBILITY Wallace Rice I HAVE been impressed ~ In" my ac quaintance with men. in successful business and professlonal-ilfe with the - care many of them*-*' take -to shoulder not "only 'the responsibilities which .are manifestly their .'share of the world's work, but with the fact that they also shoulder a. large num ber of the burdens which ought rightly to fall upon the backs of their "subordi nates. I understand that in, some' cases it' is due to the fierceness of competition and the fear that aya v subordinate may be pro moted to one's own place and one's self ousted, but. that. does not seem to me to be a valid reason. Certainly some men. I have known wore them selves out by it long before their time and on that account had to leave their places to r others, however imperfectly fitted to occupy themi . ' It has always been one of the char-/ acteristlcs -of greatness to secure ef flqient help in undertaking any enter prise. , No one can pick ' up 'a life of Ifapoleon, for example, without being impressed with this. He not only knew \u25a0how to do things himself, but he knew how to g-et others ' to do those very things — and in some cases to do them ANSWERS TO VARIOUS QUERIES. TWO BANDS— M. A. M., City. As this departmnet , has no desire to open <up a controversy, it cannot answer the Ques tion asV to which of the two- bands named is the best. V % - :f| GERMAN-JEW— Subscriber, ;' City. % A| iboy born to German^Jewish parents in Uhe United States is eligible, upon attain ting the age of thirty-five years, and hav ing prfor to arriving at that age. resided PEOPLE IN THE EYE OF THE PUBLIC. MISS MARIE HALL,, , the violinist, \u25a0 who has recently ; returned .from the -United States to England, sums up her. impression's, of this country in four words:, "Iced r ,water;'hot hotels." Henry H. Rogers has been reappointed' Superintendent of Streets! of Falrhayen, Mass. ; Alfred Marshall,^ with an income 0f. 54000 a week, is running for trustee of Mamaroneck; MrsY \u25a0 Mackay, worth $3,000,000 or $4,000,000, Is : scnool .director •of Roslin, 11 L». 1.,: and two farmers' worth a million apiece are tied for Mayor of Ida Grove, la. ....'\u25a0 V ; With the closing in Lancaster, Pa., of theihbtel of John • A- : Shank, who allowed his^ privilege to lapse, -there passed _ out of existence a license first/granted in 1736 and renewed annually* "since : then. ' : It was In. this hotel | that f Lancaster Lodge _of Masons •wW instituted^ in 1788, v and there General * Lafayette was entertained * when ,he visited Lancaster. : . • •' The • four principal personages in the British Empire; ranking 'after royalty, are Scotch— the Prime Minister; the , ; Arch-; bishop of -York, :the IfOrd* Chancellor and the Archbishop of; Canterbury: .The .Gov ernor/ General -. of i India i is : of . ; the |; same race,' aa are several -Vh'o- hold " important ofllces in the : Ministry, such as the .Chief Secretary ' and- the - Lord Lieutenant v : of Ireland: V. V :\u25a0-:.: \u25a0,;. \u25a0/ .\u25a0 "John Burns, the radical member of Par- ] llament, was j addressing a'iheeting In; the \u25a0 district I which he ; represents.", * He f said he • was now "engaged inTai job "where the. general" rate of "pay 'Is V £2ooo: a ; year,; and; even better than he himself would have done them, A notable instance may be found; in the. laws which he caused to be prepared and promulgated under the name, of the Code Napoleon. But if it Is bad'for the person in au thority to take upon himself the re- Eponslbilities of his subordinates it is even worse for the subordinates. There is a formative time in the youth of every man when he can be trained to do things of his own Initiative. De nied the opportunity, then he is likely never to find himself able to compass it in after life. "Young men for action; old men for counsel," says the wise saw. and the older man who is not letting the young fellows within the scope of his author ity take action whenever, possible Is do- Ing them a great wrong. In some cases, as with overenergetic parents, this denial of the natural qualities of youth to their own chil dren works great disaster. Many men will read this who- must realize now that the making of them came either through the breaking away from par ental authority or the passing away before their: time of the parents they would gladly, on every other account. 1 have had with them to the end. for" fourteen consecutive years in the United States, to nomination for the of fice of President Religion Is not a qual ification for the office of President. . A PLAY-G. B, T., City. If a novel is copyrighted and announces "all rights re served," you would not have the right to use ; the plot or the characters for "the purpose of constructing a play" without the consent .of the writer of , the novel ho , was not going to take less than the union scale. A woman- who .was present called out: "Hew do you spend it, John?" and Burns replied Instantly: "Ask the missus.". • v When Lord Randolph Churchill was leader, of the -House of . Commons he was a somewhat* unconventional occu pant, of that exalted' post. "I: am com manded by • the' Queen." said Lord Id desleigh, "to say, that her Majesty was greatly amused by the contents of your .dispatch °: box last; night. I suppose you won't understand' this message without some explanation— there' was a liberal sprinkling of tobacco in It!" Miss Nora Stan ton Blatch has been elected ]to membership in the" American Society of Civil Engineers, the -first woman so distinguished. She. is a granddaughter- of the famous -Elizabeth Ca'dy'Sta'ntdn and the first woman to win* ,the v degTee\.of > civil I engineer in Cornell .University. Miss Blatch, has under consideration an ; offer ; from ; the Chinese Government to undertake some Important work in the Interior of the eastern'emplre. ; .: Some angry Senators were" discussing the Presidential •amendment ' to : the rail road .rate bill. "He can't do it." said one. "Can't-do) what?" asked another.' "Can'tforce an 'amendment on us like that." "I am reminded of 'a * man out in -my city." said \a.'-\ third, "who owed i the"-" bank \u25a0' a" large 'sunroof* money. He kept renewing renewing, his notes and" pAld (none 'of .iUbaek. ;' Finally the banker :serit v f or/ 'him^andX saldt 'This OCCIDENTAL ACCIDENTALS A. J. Waterhouse ABOUT CALIFORNIA. 1 X TB do not claim that it fs perfect; \A/ we let it talk for itself. V V The man who prefers cyclones and blizzards ought tb be indulged. Also, he who chooses to raise his choice flowers in a hothouse should be indulged. You could not make some people believe that roses, like sunshine, may be so com mon as to be scarcely noticed; but it is so. I actually heard a man— a sort of a man — complain j about the' monotony of sun light, ; but 'it should be unnecessary, to say that he lived? in the Golden State. Even the most' disgruntled complainer "bas to have his chance. A Jin transported an Easterner to Cali fornia while the latter slept, and the Easterner, really thought that he was in heaven until he got acquainted with some of the people here. .- Every prospect pleases,, and on— But.it is we 11 "to .know when one has said all that need be said. ' "At his own request, 'he was burled in a gold-plated coffin." "What do you suppose was his idea in that?" "Probaly wished to get the use of his gold Just as long as be could." "Don't you think she has a very feeling way of expressing herself?" "Perhaps so; but her husband says it Is more 'touching* than feeling." GIT READY FOH DE SHOWAH. ! JDe sun kep' . climbin* •up de aky. de sun kep' alidln' - down. An" folks dey laft at Noah den an' «ay dey «ho won* drown. "De oldes' settlah," so dey «ay. "Dat allahs libes an' thribes. He 'nounces j dat dan's dea no flood laic dat one yo' dlscribes." j But Noah still dlstruc's dat ahk all outer j ;1 hlck'ry wood, •An' drlbes de anermals derein de way he : sartin should, \u25a0 '\u25a0 An' folks, dey say. " "Dls 'nagerie is shuah \u25a0 exeeedin' som«I" — An* den da showah come. Oh, yes, de showah come. An 1 folks looked mlddlln' glum. Wiles all deir plans an' 'rangements dey wus slightly on de bum; , But Noah, on'y laff an' laff ter pase de joy ful hour. An' ax 'em wiles he feeds de calves, "How does yo' lak de shower? De moral ob dls scripchah heah, man ehlllun, hit *a/n plain: . Jes Vtn yo' t'ink de sun 'II shine, dan* a lak ter be a rain. We weahs our bes\ does ter de show, an' den de showah come, . An jes' de looks ob dezn dah close Is 'nough ter strike yo' dumb. We lays our- little yearthly plans ter see dem go ter smash, Foh w'en de Lawd say, "L«t 'er rain!" de . thund^h's- gwlne ter crash; We does our bea'; de Lawd den say, "Ah spec's Ah'll show man powah," . An den dah Is er showah'. Dah sartin' Is er ahowah \u25a0 Ob twenty-inglne, powah ; De watah creeps, an' highan creeps, ter drench our man-made bo wan; An all Ah knows ob ph'loserphy, an* Ah's ben readin' some. Is jes' " git ready foh de showah. for hit am shuah ter come. •\u0084 •. .. . \u25a0 . ... ... "Did you read that a woman led a'plg through the" streets of New York City, the other day?" ; . . ; ..'\u25a0•.\u25a0 . "Yes." f "What did you think of the episode?" "That the Kest critter of the two prob ably was at the rear end of the string." . "Yes, he is a good man, I guess, but he always reminds me of an augur." . "Because an augur is sharp, I suppose?" "No, because it Is constructed to bore." The man who laughs at other men Who find banana peels. ' And blithely step upon them then. Exchanging head for heels. If he steps on a fragment near Shows ecstacy that's small — I've often noticed, and It's queer. He never laughs at all. "She is one of the best wives I ever knew." "What makes you consider her so?" "Why, she always pretends* that she does not know the hour when her husband gets home from the club." ."Docs she pretend that she does not know his condition?" "Well, wives are human, you know." or owner cf the copyright. If otherwise, this department knows of no hindrance to proceeding to "construct a play." NATIVES— A Subscriber, City. A child is a native of the country in which born, no matter in what part o| the world. A boy born to American parents In Peking, China. I 3 a Chinaman, so far as nationality is concerned, but if the parents were traveling through the country at the time of the birth, 01* \u25a0were ~ temporarily sojourning in the country the boy would be an American citizen. thing: must be stopped. You can't hav< this money.. 'Can't have it?* shoutei the man. '"Why. what are you talkinj about? I've got it.*" Senator Hemenway tells of a cam paign meeting in lowa where the ora tion of a noted speaker was to be sup plemented by some sideshow entertain ments on a near-by common. A pom pous politician* who had served a tern in the Legislature was" pushing. towarc one, of these: shows, when he found hli way barred by a burly farmer. "Make way, there," said the pompous . gentle man. "Well, who are your' asked th( farmer. "A representative 'or the peo ple, sir!" exclaimed the politician In dignantly. , The man grinned. "Oh that ain't nothin'."- said he. "We folk: here air the peepul thelrselves!" There are signs that Alice Longworth Is bringing up her husband properly. In'.fact, -the idea is afloat in Washing ton that he is fairly; well tamed al ready. He has gone shopping .'with his wife- more than once. "To be sure," says an official in one of the depart ments, "he went shopping .with her be foreshe.was his wife, hut that doesn't count. It's the shopping, he has ddne since then- that makes or breaks* the record. The "ante-nuptial shopping was expected.; 1 The post-nuptial— well, "until it ; is done the taming" has not been ac complished. The. Washington rule for Judging .whether the husband has been tarried is to invite him to go shopping in , one of the department stores before lunch., ; If ! he goes" he has been broken to double harness." THE SMART SET Sally Sharp Today will usher In two weddings at tracting: attention in the smart set. one a morning affair at Trinity Church, the other to take place this evening at Sausa- Uto. Mrs. Ellen Gunn Bendix and W. S. Howard will be. quietly married at 11 o'clock hy the Rev. Dr. Clampett. The service will be read in the presence of only the very closest relatives, and at the close of the ceremony Mr. and Mrs. How ard will leave immediately for a short wedding trip. The marriage of Miss Zelda Sroufe Tif fany and William R. Harrison will take place at 8 o'clock in Christ Church la the suburban town. The bride will be attended by her cousin. Miss Ruth Mer rill, as maid of honor, Allen Miller to serve the groom. A reception to all the guests will be held after the ceremony at the home of the bride's parents. Mr. an« Mrs. W. Z. Tiffany, in Sausalito. The advent of Easter shows a marked tendency toward the rapid convalescence of festivity from the gloom of sack cloth. and despite the opera season, necessarily commanding chief attention, there la room fer minor gayeties. Dinner and ' luncheons are dally being placed upon the social calendar, while bridge !a forging to first position with the confidence Its charm inspires, v' '- ';»v •r . • • Secondary only in Importance to the grand opera this week is the dance to be given Friday evening in honor of the Gayety Club. The Palace Hotel ball room is to receive much, attention In tb» way of artistic preparation, and with such a list of eligible? as hosts, the af fair will be marked among the swagger events of the season. • • \u25a0-.- m '\u25a0'\u25a0' An art loan exhibit of rare beauty will be held by the San Francisco Council of Jewish* Women on May 3. The collection will be on view at "Wheeler's Auditorium. •• • \u25a0 Mrs. Alice B. Chittenden was at home yesterday in her new studio. 2460 Clay street, receiving a large number of call ers. • • • Miss Helen Woolworth was one of the several hostesses who entertained at din ner at the St. Francis'last evening pre ceding the ooera. '• • • Miss Evalyn Griffiths of Sacramento is visiting in town during the grand opera season, the guest of Dr. and Mrs. B. B. Brewer and of Miss Gertrude Gates. THE KIXAIj BLOW. It is said that often when a woman says "no" she means "yes," but. re marks Youth's Companion, there are signs which discourage even th« moat hopeful and persistent wooer. "I didn't much mind Hetty's saying she'd as soon marry a Jumping Jack as me," said Ethan Hatch, forlornly, to a sympathetic friend; "nor did I much care when she said she'd rather stay at home than go out to Jordan's Park with such a slow -coach as 1 was; but when \u25a0 she told me' she'd got to help mother iron when I asked her to go with me down to the Center for some jjee cream soda. I saw 'twasn't much use hanging on any longer."i * ..-.-_ : \u25a0 .-- -; SUKE. MIKE: The undersiened wishes to notify the persons who use his store as a loafing place that they must stop it; also the spitting on the floor must be stopped. Business is business, and it la detrimental to business to have loafers around. ?s Tours truly. T. C. MIKE. —Cygnet (Ohio) Review. PITY THE POOR JAPANESE. The Japanese have only five obscepe and profane words in their language. How they must be handicapped!. Fancy a man trying to get the lid off a box of shoe polish or trying to Jlu jitsu* a H* collar on to a 13% shirt and only flva words to assist him!— Manila (P. I.) Sun. Townsend's California glace fruits and choicest candies in artistic fire etched boxes. New store. 767 Market. • Special Information supplied daily to business houses and public men by tha Press Clipping Bureau (Allen's), 30 Cali fornia street. Telephone Main 1042. * DAME FASHION'S MIRROR. A NEW IDEA IN SEPARATE JACKET. VISIONS of the shoulder, cape, of long ago are recalled by this newest model for the separate silk Jacket. The length is 'that of the shoulder cape, and the neck is high and finished with the same style turnover collar. The. fronts are laid in deep pleats, four in number, giving a broad shoul der line, the back -built in the same manner, and the very full circular sleeve Is set in the armhole under the fourth pleat, which conceals the Joining at this point, the sleeve falling in such soft ' folds that ._, it is scarcely possible to "believe without close examination that the little garment Is not all In one piece. White broadcloth makes the collar and the simu lated vest, these outlined with a fancy open work silk braid.