Newspaper Page Text
The San Francisco Call JOHN D. SPRECKELS Proprietor CHARLES W. HORNICK. .aeneral Manager ERNEST S. SIMPSON Managing Editor AddrcM All Commnnlcttun. to THE SA.\ FRAJf CISCO CALIi Telephone A»lt for The Call. The Operator WUI Connect Tou M'ltU , tbe Department Yon WUb BUSINESS OFFICE Market and Third Streets, San Francisco Open Until 11 O'clock Every Night in the Tear. EDITORIAL ROOMS Market and Third Streets MAIN CITT BRANCH 1651 Fillmore Street, Near Post OAKLAND OFFICE — 1016 Broadwar Telephone Oakland 108S ALAMEDA OFFICE — 1435 Park Street Telephone Alameda SSI BERKELEY OFFICE — 2169 Shattuck Avenue... -Telephone Berkeley 77 CHICAGO OFFlCE— Marquctte Bid*. .C. Georgn Krogness, Representative NEW YORK OFFICE — SO Trtbune Bids. .Stephen B. Smith, Representative WASHINGTON BUBEAU — 1406 Q Street N. W^JkL E. Crane, Correspondent snrßscnrPTio?r hates r»«>Hvcrod by Carrier. 50 Cent" "P^r TS">*>k. 75 Cents Per Month. Singi* Terms by Mall. Including Postage (Cash TVltb Ordor): r»ATT.V CALL Cincludinp Funday). 1 year $8.00 DAILY CALL (Including Sunday). 6 months 400 TiAILY CALL— By single month 76c . PUNDAY CALL. 1 year 2.60 WEEKLY CALL. 1 year 100 ____,_„ ( Daily SJ.IO Per Year Extra FOREIGN J SvndaV 4.15 Per Year Extr». POSTAGE I Weekly J.OO Per Year Extra Entered at the United Statps Pns'offlpo A« Fecond-Class Matter. ALL POPTMAPTERS ARE AI7THORI2ED TO RECEIVE SUBSCRIPTIONS Sample Copies TTill Be Forwarded \Then Requested. Mnil PubFcribors in ordrrlng change of address should be particular to give both NEW AND OLD ADDRESS in order to Insure a prompt r.nd correct compliance with their request. MORE PETTICOAT - DIPLOMACY IHE embassador business, complicated by the snooping- and occasionally explosive feminine, is not what it is cracked up to be. It is a long time since Coleridge remarked that diplomacy and its supposed mysteries were "all stuff." Recent disclosures promote the belief that there is a stiff infusion of petticoat politics It is not alone the uncomfortable and untimely revelations of "Dear Maria." after whom Theodore Roosevelt has named a cat that came as a Christinas present — it is not merely the meddling h'-ki i::uddlmg of Bellamy and Maria and the consequent molten flow of Presidential epithets that inspire this judgment, but likewise the ray adventures of Lady Susan Townley and the cattish methods jy which she accomplished the final discomfiture and downfall of Henry Durand, the retiring Embassador of His Most Gracious Majesty King Edward VII at the court of Washington. Lady Susan is the wife of a former attache of the British em bassy and a born aristocrat. She did not approve of Lady Durand, whose blood was not blue and who was, besides, something of a puritan. "Thank heaven," said Lady Susan after her husband had lost !ii? job. "I shall no longer have to go in to dinner behind a little country curate's daughter." In Washington the order of social precedence is as strictly respected and revered as it is, for instance, in the court of Vienna, but under our humble and simple form of gov ermr.cnt almost the only function where this social roll of honor CQjjies in play is in that sacred ceremony known as "going in to During the period when Lady Susan was compelled to submit to this form of degradation she became great friends with the Count ess Cassini. wife of the Russian Embassador. Now, Lady Durand 'Hslinctly disapproved of this vivacious Countess and would not visit her. Indeed. Lady Durand went the length of forbidding her daughter to attend any social function to which the Countess Cas sia i was invited. The British matron wrapped herself in her mantle ofindignant virtue and drew her respectable skirts aside. She not only threw the first stone, but kept on throwing. But the gay Countess was likewise great friends with Alice Roosevelt, the present Mrs. Longworth, and so it happened that Lady Durand became persona non grata at the White House and this influence very quickly extended to Sir Henry, who, in fact, was nothing of a "sport" and very little of a good fellow. Lady Susan took care to let it be known in exalted quarters on the other side of the Atlantic that the French Embassador habitually played tennis with the President, while the German Embassador, Baron Speck yon Steniburcr, was on terms of such affectionate intimacy with Mr. Roosevelt that the chief executive called him by the pet name "Speckv." British interests were being imperiled for want of some body who could be slapped on the back like a good fellow. In truth, it was whispered that Sir Henry was something of a bore and a good deal of a prig. It was agreed that he was neither an ornament nor a lubricant of Washington society. Now they are sending us James Bryce, the distinguished author of the "American Commonwealth/ and, by way of making him at tractive to Washington society, they propose to make him a lord. The force of absurdity could no farther go. That a man of Bryce's eminence should be expected to obscure himself in a ridiculous me dieval disguise to make him more acceptable to a lot of intriguing .women only -serves to confirm Coleridge's remark that diplomacy is "stuff." JUSTICE TO THE PHILIPPINES. THE treatment of the Philippines and their people makes a very disgraceful chapter of our national history. We are JL quite certain that the moral sense 'of the nation does not jus tify or approve the wrong done to a helpless people, but the fact is that indifference, coupled with lack of knowledge, has per mitted selfish interests to exploit the archipelago and impoverish; a defenseless people. The feeling in the islands on these matters is indicated by the following paragraph from the report submitted by Secretary Taft : The commission renews its recommendation for a repeal of the act providing for the refund of duties paid on articles exported from the islands to the United States and consumed therein. The people feel that they are being exploited for the benefit of certain interests in -the United StatesJ Since the passage of the act, on March 8, 1902, down to June 30, 1906, there has been taken from the comparative poverty of the insular treasury, to be delivered directly into the hands of the manufacturers of cordage and other users of Philippine hemp in the United States for their enrichment, $1,471, 208.47. As the /cordage interests are prosperous and the Philippine Islands are struggling it is stated that legislation which takes money directly from the one and passes it over. to the other is not founded/ on sound principles of political economy or of simple justice to the Filipinos." -If the sugar, tobacco and hemp of the islands are permitted entry here on reasonable terms it will be a great help to the com merce of San Francisco, as well as a measure of justice to ihc Filipinos. Hfll ' THE CAR SHORTAGE AND DISCRIMINATION. THE report of Interstate Commerce Commissioner Franklin K. Lane on the prevailing car shortage serves chiefly to show the difficulties of the subject/ but ix\a general way it indicates that -the railroads, from one cause or another, have not fulfilled their duty to the public. The question of remedies is left open, although certain suggestions are thrown out by Mr. Lane. Among these the report makes this tentative/recommendation: If the Interstate Commerce Commission is to be vested with power to l make rules under which the railroads shall be required on penalty to EDITORIAL PAGE The City Statesman Prep&es-for the Fray furnish cars to shippers this commission should also be empowered to make rules under which free interchange of cars shall be made, or to require railroads engaging in interstate commerce to make such rules for their own protection and provide for their enforcement. There will be no desire to take snap judgment on the railroad companies or to insist on penalties without due notice given. What ever may be done will be dictated by a spirit e\ justice and fair play to the most important interest in the country, but action in regard to this recommendation , is dictated by much wider considerations than even the complications of the prevailing blockade.- We do not wish to minimize the suffering in. the Northwest due to lack of fuel, but the fact that railroads have had the power, either from caprice or favor, to deny means of transportation at will lies at the root of monopoly and the trusts. It is a very form of discrimination, quite as menacing as the rebates which have been made a criminal offense. We have seen -how in California this denial of transportation by the /railroads has operated to build up . the Standard Oil "trust at the expense of the inde pendent producers. - \u25a0<•- - , It may be that the railroads are trying' to do a double-track business on single lines, and that production has greatly outgrown the means of transportation. We realize the difficulties of the situation and that there is no cause. for hasty or punitive action, but we are convinced that the- whole public will demand that the: power to discriminate by denying transportation to producers not in the railroad ring shall be taken away, and that on proof of such dis crimination adequate punishment shall follow. PROFESSOR EDWARD A. ROSS, who in' years gone by flut tered the dove cotes of Stanford University with disturbing doc trines, is still the bull in the economic china shop. One scarcely knows whether he gains or suffers by the lack of intelligence in his interpreters. One of the most fat-witted of these presents Pro fessor Ross in the, act of "sounding a warning note, against race sui- : cide" in a lecture delivered at Brown University, R.' l; As a mat. ter of fact, Professor Ross did exactly the contrary, and came out with a flat-footed commendation of a diminishing birth rate. * We quote from the lecture : The emancipation of .woman raises her value and weight in the mar riage partnership and causes the heavy physiological and personal, cost of excessive maternity to be more considered by husband; as well as .by, wife. The immediate consequences of a diminished birth rate; are .an arising plane of comfort among the masses, a growth of savings, a- diffusion of ownership, a reduction of infant mortality, and an increase' in the average prospect that population pressure, hitherto the principal cause of war, mass poverty, wolfish competition and class conflict, will cease to shape social destinies. - \u0084 '. The unlooked for promptness with which, undjrr the influence of de mocracy and public education, the masses are acquiring a sense of: respon sibility in the matter of parentage is remarkable. There is nothing new in this view. It has always been the ac cepted doctrine of political economists, but that does not, prevent the common sense of tlie nations from rejecting it on moral and social grounds. This common consent is indicated by theiudicrous blun der,of the fat-witted interpreter aforesaid, who, failing, to -understand the lecturer's words, was still certain that a college professor could not' be guilty of anything not quite respectable, and thereupon issued to Ross a gratuitous certificate of good moral character. Those Pittsburg millionaires who want to keep their escapades out of the newspapers should have organized before Pennypacker lost his grip on the Legislature. Personal Mention Arthur A. Kahn Is at the Majestic. W. O. Stuart of Chicago is at. the Ma jestic. B. : N. Hyde of Chicago is at the Jef ferson. \u25a0'\u25a0\u25a0:'• .-."• \ John Barnesonof SanN|dateo is at the Palace. Huxnboldt Gates of Tonopah is at the Palace. "Phil Harris is at the Jefferson from St. Louis. M..P. Dalton of New York is at the Dorchester. Fred Houland of Boston is at the Dorchester. W. H. Rutledge Is ,at the St Francis from Tonopah. Robert J. Kerr> of ' Mexico City, is at the St.' Francis. 'M. P. Fox of Ifcew York; is registered at the St. Francis. P. J. McCullough of New.Yorkiis at the Majestic Annex. ,v - ,'. \u25a0 Mrs. W. . G. Hunter of Stockton is at the Majestic Annex. J. E. Cushing : of .the : Stanford Uni versity,. i»- at the Jefferson. • ' 'H. H. Manny , and Mra. . Manny of Seattle are at the: St; ' Francis .. - !. . 'Albert rß.',RlgKs^and^Mrs.-Riggss of Los Angeles are at the Majestic Annex.' ROSS ON RACE SUICIDE lii'the Joke/Wbrlci Friendr-Who was- that .funny old party you were speaking, to just now? "That was my wife'.'i(sighing-deep ly), "but she Isn't at 'all, funny,: I can tell you." — Bombe."'" • V "Oh." said the ' conceited youth, "J can marry most any girl I 'wish. "._ * • ."You've -got that.- s rather twisted, 1 ' eaid Wise. "You ;mean' you, wish you could marry most any girl."—Philadel phia Press. •'••• ' \u25a0 ,-. Mrs. Keene — Have all the other la dies arrived? • " The Maid— Yes'm; you're' the last one. ;'.; '. Mrs. •; Keene^— Well. you'd I better .an nounce me, so -that they; can get through i talking/about me before I go ln - — Cleveland Leader.: ' Dr. Stephen ; H. Rouiri, pastor, of , the Colurabus-avenue f Universalist. Church? Boston, was calling bn'antold-lady, one of ;. his : parlshlonera.i before : going ; away on . his i summer 'J: vacation; rs when. ' his church la 'always closed.:: \u25a0 Theioldllady evidently does not believe' ln' ministerial vacations,- for 'she: eald: v •' . .''Doctor,' remember Satan never takes vacations.': .^ • * ;^'My.'dear ( madam"* answered' the doc tor, "I-never -did ; believe* in*, imita ting: Satan."— Boston 3 Herald.. " - ',;_">•--' Gossip :oi Doings of Railroad Men T. R. Ryan, general freight agent of the Mexican Central Railway, is in this, city, and, says his lino is as hard pressed for cars to move freight as any .railroad in the United. ._ States. Mexico, he remarks, has never been so* _'. prosperous, as she. Is today, and business is increasing, in every direc tion.; Ryan came to the city for the purpose of installing R. C. Burns as general agent of the Mexican Cen tral in 'San Francisco. • There is more or less uncertainty among the merchants as to the 'exact application of the new rule — or ". re adjustment- of the old rule— allowing 50-foot cars to come -west/of Albu querque -and Ogden. "The rule, 'as amended, does -not apply on shipments destined to points on the Southern.Pa clflc north !of ,' Ashland. Ore., , when routed via Portland, ; and ' reads: "Freight cars, whether of -railroad or private ownership, in no. case will be received ,- for transportation when length is greater than :52 feet, out side measurement,-, over sills. : Any provision , of : the .tariff or Western classification affecting shipments load ed on equipment of greater dimensions Is hereby modified accordingly." This rule becomes effective from January 31, and while .the Southern Pacific and the Santa Fo have signified their in tention to let the cars. come west dur ing the intervening period the penalty of 25 per* cent to minimum \ weight must, under the tariff and rule of \u25a0 the Interstate Commerce Commission,* be assessed. . • • • It does not seem to-: be -as generally understood as it should be that copies of all; tariffs are on: file stations and agencies of all the railroads In the United States, and that the rules of tho : Interstate * Commerce Commission provide that)these shall be. open to the public. The laws governing . the transportation of freight" provide a penalty for any deviation from; these tariffs. A great many: complaints are made from- time to time that railroads do not- protect the rates ' named ;on their bills of lading. ' They cannot do so, as this would, be a discrimination, which is ' expressly forbidden ; and so \u25a0It Is with r tho other rules \u25a0of . the tariffs, such as minimum weight," length of cars, etc. , In; other words, the -tariff Is the law, and. ignorance thereof > Is no excuse, as the merchant and the shipper, are entitled" to free and full access to the tariff at all times. • : G. E. Babcock. 'vice. president of the Los' Angeles and ; San, Diego Beach Railway, passed through the. city yes terday en \u25a0 route to!hls,home in - San Diego. . \u25a0 ' , ' C. R. Robinson ofj the \u25a0 passenger de partment ; of :. the : : Southern Pacific 'has returned from . the' City of Mexico. "Wo -have something to' learn from: our friends in -the neighboring, republic,'? he observed, "about shop pers. The stores in the City 'of- Mexico are , a • revelation. , ; They : are beautifully furnished, and instead of making cus-' tomers- walk on plain 'boards several have r ; the . finest carpets: It looked , as if one-, were some •; private abode", irfetead \of a' trade \ place. \ , Stores like ;. tlfose " they >' have ; In \ Mexico '•>: City add to 1 -' the' pleasure' of -shopping. 'One is .' tempted ' to buy . there." . ; . The* Southern Pacific, will continue to give half fares \ within '.the ? boundaries of the , State .to "clergymen ' ; and . the •members of. 'their! families and- also to army officers and the; members of their, families. The Southern Pacific announces the fol lowing round-trip" :,, excursion rates to the Pacific Coast for 1907, 1 which .will vbe ) in J effect \ froni'f Eastern points : i Si/ram'er^' excursion* tickets!" from l.Chlfi cago Ho J San; Francisco ;and ;Los ;'Ange-i les and ' return ', via direct* routes \in .both directions, C 5*75::/ from > Missouri i.v» River coraraon; points, •"} $60 ; ; , from \u25a0 Sioux City, s62;'[from*jDenver,", $50 ; • from s St.- Louis and New . Orleans, \u25a0 $69; rfrbm'^ Houston;" $60.\.>;..-: •'.\u25a0./.. - r - : . :'\u25a0 ;-\u25a0;\u25a0 - "/-\u25a0 -\u25a0: : \u25a0-. Sale dates- of these tickets Vwlll : : be from 1 : June lito:.: September^ 15,~.'1907, : final return ; limit October..; 3l. •/There .will TalsoZ be .special -rates -made 'for the Mystic Shrine' convention, Ho be held? In ' Los'fA'ngeles ' on?; May \6 Ao' 11; for.the'- cdnferenec '.at; German'^ Baptist Brethren«(Dunkards)iatl:Longsßeach; i May/ieito^a^forithe^Eclectic^Medlcal "Association 'meeting/ at^Long jßeach," 'June-: 18 !to '21., Rates and particulars will"' be. 1 announced;^later.'-. ._ . . £-• Townsehd's Cal.'. glace ".fruits and can dies « at i Emporium. Post.and- Van : Ness.' 1250; Sutter str-and 1203:and*1220 Va iencia.st,"- *"'.'•'•; How People Would Use $4,000,000 THE CALL'S offer of $100 for the best plan submitted for dis tributing the $4,000,000 surplus that is worrying members the Relief Corporation has aroused much attention in ban Francisco and other 'parts of the State, judging from the W™*™ responses.it has called forth. From the varied character o t* > sug gestions made about disposing of the $4,000,000 it is "^J^™* ™! contest is to \u25a0 develop into a public symposium on philanthropy ox widespread interest and that the Relief Corporation will not beat a loss for ideas in getting rid of the incubus when the prize is even tually awarded. * -• •'•- i-.rOU request my opinion as to the final ; disposition of he Imme n.e > rf A/ fund, amounting to nearly $4,000,000, part on deposit In bank s n V part In the East at the order of the Relief and Red Cross Fund cor ' VOT T^ that two million dollars should be set aside for th« buHdlnJ of a great, free general hospitaC Throughout the world this £ty ha^ . •viable reputation for generosity and wide humanity, and yet through an t years we have never had a free hospital worthy of the name. It is i™ have a City and County HospitaL^||fl| d al j This hospital should be not only a city but a State m«tlt«tlOB. « nd the towns and cities lit the State should be asked to contribute to its « d ° WI J and support. Care should be taken that for all time its manaß s^ ce f nt m^*?, out of politics, and to this end. I would suggest that its board of «* na £^ consist of the chairman of the finance committee of the Relief and *«*£[ funds. Mr.- James D. Phelan. during his lifetime, a man whom W**™^* of San -Francisco should hold In highest honor for the able and ' «»"^» manner in which he has performed the arduous duties of consen-ing and di tributlng this fund to the honor and credit of California^ W "h Wm t (> J associated the Mayor of the city,: Governor of the State. Chief Justice of the State, presidents of the State and 1 - Stanford universities, presidents of the Merchants' Association and of the Chamber of Commerce. P rMid n ot California branch of the Red Cross. These to elect -for a term of one j . a doctor of medicine, a lawyer and a bank president. Th.s board to control and conduct the business of the hospital. ,:; ..•-.. K «..vih^H for An objection might be raised to this scheme that the money "^iiDed I tor the fund was Intended for the immediate relief of the sufferers of the c^ ral jJ of April last, but I should. think the consent of the trustees of '" nd the East could readily be obtained to such a scheme; it would c ° mmem ° r _ t ° the great disaster and be a lasting benevolence to all our people for • all , time, as well as a benefit to the whole world, for here diseases peculiar to the- Orient and to tropical countries could be studied as nowhere else. . s This will leave two million dollars with which to carry out the present objects of the finance committee for Immediate relief, rehabilitation and pro viding homes for the homeless. -,«,„, I believe the Rehabilitation Committee has now under consideration cases enough to occupy attention for the next three months; no further *PP» catl °°f of any kind should be received until these are settled, and when this la aone a fresh start should be made and a new line of policy by this committee should be adopted. ... WOULD BUY BONDS "W. H." of Sacramento writes: "Buy $4,000,000 worth of San Francisco city bonds, the money to be expended by the city in the reconstruction of public school houses and other public budd ings and In beautifying the city. The interest on said bonds to be used as a permanent fund out of which to make loans to poor but worthy mechanics for the purchase of tools and to poor but worthy tradespeople to begin business in a small way. The loans to be made on indorsed notes without Interest and payable in small installments over an extended period. When the bonds are redeemed by the city let new bonds be issued and bought by the fund, the money to be. used 'by. the city in the erection of additional public buildings and for still further beautifying the city, and the Interest on said bonds to continue to be used for loans to worthy people in the foregoing manner, this operation to be repeated indefinitely." ';" LOANS FOR FURNITURE John Adams,. a San Franciscan, who was; compelled to move to* Marin Coun ty, and occupy a furnished cottage after the fire. . has ' "an aching,- y,oid. in his heart for his old home," and suggests: "Let the Relief Corporation lend not give, mind you — John Adams $500, not in cash. ;but.in ;furniture. Let it take his promissory. note, payable back at. so much per month; let him choose his own furniture store to prevent any chance of a graft scandal;, demand ref erences from the said John and pay the amount of John's bill at the store after, he has chosen his furniture. . John will' soon- find a house somewhere in San Francisco and have" a true home once more. John and his family could have a housewarmlng without any fear of the time payment agent, and that large fund- could be kept as the nu cleus for an" endowment fund, as an amount would be coming in continu ously 'to the Relief Corporation. Let them see to it that the poor and needy are kept. in comfort, but stop pauper ism at any price. Nobody would suffer by it," and John Adams and his family, and -the -hundreds of others, would be happy. The. Relief Corporation should give fully and freely— without red tape —to those deserving It, or half deserv ing it, without questions. • * • A portion, of the money— if they do not know what to dolwlth it — is morally due: to John and his hundreds of fel low cliff-dwellers, -«vho want to get back to 'home* in San Francisco." FORWARD MOVEMENT'S VIEWS - Representatives of. the Forward Movement, writing' from camp 25, Richmond District; suggest the" follow ing: ; "(1): Five, hundred thousand dollars to be devoted "to, establishing a central warehouse and distributive renters for the purpose of furnishing the people in "camps* only with the necessaries of life without profit. For goods sold to those outside camps regular retail prices should be charged. "(2) Five hundred thousand dollars, with addition later, of aljove half-mil lion when "available, to purchase tracts of land' to be divided into lots and sold without- profit to people living in camps. -Widows, .with small , children, persons f in ; impaired I health and others only .^partly ,'* self-supporting to be helped from < fund in paying for their lot.- \u25a0>:•-\u25a0'\u25a0 :i'< ..\u25a0.•\u25a0 - '': "\u25a0"• . ." \u25a0 One, million dollars to establish five or six^centers of social, educational and industrial extension work, provid ing for lectures, classes, clubs,; Jlbrary, gymnasium, "public bath, nursery, free dispensary and V other neighborhood need*.^ .. ,-.''• . : . \u25a0 ."(4) One million dollars for char itable hospital •\u25a0; to care .for those not able, to; pay usual charges/ '\u25a0- "(5) One million dollars, after pro viding for Ingleside, to be divided among the Institutions" doing social and ..benevolent work in San Fran cisco.'^flßKfeHSpßfißHHßSP .-'Andrew "JV Branagan of 168 Chatta nooga7street.;after .reviewing the re sults \ot<. the f April sums up the disposition of the 'surplus as follows:. \u25a0;»'-: "(1) ; Funds *f or "* restoring public buildings! of San - Francisco; these to comprise as:large amounts of the sur plus i as 'i may be possible. - .. ' * *.'(2) : (A i small sum for further neces sary individual relief and an 'enlarged almshouse.'; -' . V"( 3) A sum to: be returned- to the givers which it is 4 impossible to in clude in >;the first and which is not needed; In* the! second 'provision above enumerated.": rv.^ REDUCE RELIEF EXPENSES ' >' (2)]: I * would ' continue thq \';i present relief /corporation for the term of its existence';- or, . say, ,-a . period \. 6f i 'ten years; but woulid large./^reduce ita expenses, \u25a0; and • would . require; efficiency in^offlce* under 'paln v of -dismissal. : Va-'i canciesi in, the 'board of /directors should beY filled ', by j the V. remaining ', members thereof,; or. be! appointed by; the chair man;> subject '-j to approval.' -Under no circumstances that now, seem possible would-, If permit; every; city; administra tion ; to? assume; control -or, - direction of its ,':' affairs, .although : t pleasant- *. re-. lationa should be sustained . and, co- JANUARY 6, 1907 operation practiced when posslDie. In the disposition of the $3,000,000 the first essential is that interest be obtained on that vast sum of money from time of deposit to date of with drawal. If the money now lies if ' bank idle, without drawing interei ,/ it means an annual loss of over $100. 000. As before stated. there are thousands of deserving men and women in this city outside the trades or the refugee camps. Let advertise ments be inserted in the daily papers inviting sufferers from the fire to send In their addresses, to state their losses, their insurance and their actual finan cial requirements in order to resume their former occupations. If a deserv ing widow wants funds with which to reopen a boarding-house or a room ing-house or to buy a sewing machine or some furniture, and she proves worthy of aid, let her have it — a dona tion If necessary. If a small manu facturer or dealer of repute has been unable since; the fire to resume busi ness, I would help him out., ": WA.YTS HOME FOR AGED "P. M. S." writes: "Could, not a home for the aged bo built and carried on with this sum, cay to expend on site $50,000. and building, furniture, etc., $450,000. This would leave $3,500,000 to invest, which at 8 per cent would give an income, of $175,000." The expenses of running the home he itemizes and figures out as $135,000. This, would leave a surplus of $40,000, which he wouVl expend as follows: Outdoor relief, $20,000; re pairs, etc., $5000; insurance. $5000; sink ing fund for gradual Increase of home, $10,000. v \u25a0 "P. 8.," South Park, section B, room J5, suggests taking half the fund and buying land, erecting substantial houses instead, of shacks with the remainder. He would rent these dwellings for $t5 or $20 a month to persons rendered homeless by the fire, and at the end of four or five years, or whenever the-. cost' had been paid for. hay«» the buile?-. ings revert to the ownership of the rent payers. . , AVOWLD ASSIST TRADES >IFTV A. B. McNeil prefaces the following suggestions with a comprehensive re view of sociological conditions result ing *rom the earthquake and fire: "(1) I would lay aside $1,000,009 irrevocably for the aid and support off the aged and infirm of San" Francisco. Justice and humanity here should pr*> cede generosity elsewhere. This si; 000,000 I should Intrust to the care of a new corporation with a board ot five directors — men noted for their fit ness and integrity — they to choose* their term of office and elect their j«ik* cessors, and to be subject only to re moval for cause by a two-thirds vota of the -Associate Supreme Judge* of San Prancieco. Thus I would remove the home from politics forever and dis associate it from that other Institu tion known as the City and County 'Almshouse. The board of directors of this home for the aged and infirm should have absolute control nf the endowment fund, and their charges, their property, expenditures and em ployes. They should be paid not ex ceeding $1000 each a year for their services, and their secretary and phy sician not to exceed $2000 to $2500 a year, both the latter officers being re quired to devote their entire time to their respective duties, and to be fur nished with nearby residences, not to exceed a cost "of 53000 each. I would erect a large, warm building — or sev eral smaller ones— with ample fire pro^ tection. "near the/ city, with .spacious grounds surrounding, for gardening, etc., at a total cost not to exceed $20o" 000. With care in the investment the $SOO.OOO lett from the endowment coulj' be made to produce an income of $50,000 or more per year for the sup port of the home. /Other sources of revenue from other/endowments lega cies, etc.. would undoubtedly increase the holdings of the home from time to time. \u25a0B9BHMH > "I.GXD— DON'T, I GIVE" J*l would hesitate before donating money to any man. for it encourages idleness and dependence. But I wou Id lend it to him. if he was found 1 de serving at a low rate of interest, and would require ordinary but generous' security for such loans. I would guard every gate against impostors but I would not turn . away the^de-' servlng. nor would I dwell upon the - words charity or alms in the X iv ' ing^; or lending of money, if judicious use of relief funds could be devoted' to the restoration of burned industries no better disposition could be made Another field for the wise use of funds lies, In property improvements, by which I mean rebuilding on lots where owners have not the means, it \l questionable If $1,000,000 or $2 000 Mo could be. better employed than in aid ing destitute land owners .to rebuild. As.to fund expenditures ;f o ; municipal improvements, t with the possible ex ception ;of restoring; burned school: houses— an exception not admitted— ft Is^idle to discuss it. it Is extremely ; unjlkely J that such diversion of ' r?l1i« funds will, ever .be attempted, for : would : involve .legal complications that might result disastrously al^ around."