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Pardee Makes Strong Plea for the Direct Primary Law Condemns Trading Evils of Convention System SACTIAI*EXTO. - Ja«. &. — 1» *i»- fare 1 Wf'.l mossajre to the Legislature today Governor Pardee declared himself a \u25a0 strong advocate of the direct primary law as it has been championed by The Call. TTie retiring executive fpi-aka out unreservedly regarding the abuses ' arising from the cotn'ention \u25a0 system. evils of trading cf -necting severely on That r>r,r: &T Governor Pardee's mes- <1-t.' • . the direct : : .. \u0084 .<.->"\u25a0. .' nsensus of opinion * has u:r'. d when- the citizens riiTr>rn\i. d proceed to effect "rt^Srt&Sfc nc-ii'd a:, lges in the methods V"ti itoa for office are . ' •<\u25a0 the primary elec tion j:<»s ai ait »v/*,t thereof it is quite natural «hat there should be a de mand that the reform shall commence nt that point. Thus we find both of ' the old parties' pledged by their latest State platforms to the inauguration of what is known as the direct primary. There is little if any doubt that in Us unmodified form the direct primary would be, at present, unconstitutional In California. At the general election »n th» year 1900 the constitution was amended in the supposed interest' of I primary election reiorrn, but the lan-, cuagc of .the amendment appears to ! exclude awy primaries except those for the election of delegates to conven tions, r • r Direct popular election, ot delegates would do much to improve, our nomi nating conventions by making tHem .more representative, but at the same time equal care should be taken to secure representative committees \to manage party affairs. 1 am x>t the opinion that State and county com mittees should never be named by or during conventions, but that members should be chosen directly by the voters at the same time that delegates are elected. ! • covenNons' lcttehs *Jhe direct primary, in one form or ©aether, now exists in Oregon, Mon tana, North Dakota, Minnesota, Wis consin, Illinois. Mississippi and Texas, and, in the hope of ascertaining how far it is a practical working success, 1 addressed inquiries to the Govern ors of those States. In response I re ceived letters generally affirming the cuccess of the experiment, but admit ting a few objection.^ or suggesting certain changes. Thus. Governor Chamberlain cf Oregon wrote that the effects -in his State had been 6alutary, that the direct primary tends to elimi nate bosses and machine politics, and that it will in future be still more .'beneficial, because the voters will un derstand better the responsibilities de volved upon them. The principal ob jection found in Oregon was the large expense imposed upon candidates, who were compeTied to make, practically, itwo campaigns. To remedy this Gov ernor Chamberlain proposes a • legal •limitation of the amount of such ex penditures. Governor Johnson in his reply con ceded that there are defects in the Minnesota law, which applies to city, county and district nominations; ef forts have been made to extend its operations to State nominations, but they have failed because, as Governor Johnson believes, no feasible plan has been presented. In the main the new method of making nominations has proved itself :to be an improvement upon the convention plan, and it is a great promoter of Independent voting. Governor Davidson of Wisconsin wrote that the law in that State proved Itfitilf upon the first trial to be "very satisfactory" and that "nothing but 'words of commendation of it" were heard. Nevertheless, the Wisconsin law Is admittedly Imperfect as it stands, 'Governor Davidson saying: "What i appears to m<* to be one of the chief faults in the statute is the opportunity Jt gave Democrats, in Wisconsin to make Itepubliean nominations. The Republican party • • • is almost Bupreme in Wisconsin. Very few .votes were cast for Democratic can didates here on September 4, that party generally preferring to make the Re publican nominations." This would in .dilate that a . direct primary, to be ;conducted fairly, must go hand in hand !-wlth a strict party registration law which will render it impossible for a voter to participate in any primary contest except that of the party to \u25a0which he professes to belong. CONDEMNS TRADING" As if this perversion of party or ganization were not bad enough the past year has witnessed another de parture more surprising than any which preceded !t. In the State con vention of the majority party there wjis adopted without debate, and seem ingly without a thought, the strange proposition that henceforth the retir iing State executive committee shall :eppolnt the temporary chairman of the coming convention. Whatever may have been the motive with which this Innovation was proposed, it is easy to ccc to what it will lead. A clique which may happen to be in control of the old committee will have It with in its power to programme the State convention through the temporary chairman, who is the only Important chairman, because he appoints the committees on credentials, on organization and on platform. When the State central committee was un horsed by the State executive commit tee the party's governing body ceased to be representative of the people: the proposal to deprive the State conven tion of the power to organize Itself ie an extension of the same kind of politics and is an attempt to prevent the party voters from having any ef fective representation in State conven tions. If one could really persuade himself that a State convention made up of intelligent citizens of California would actually permit Itself to be de nied the exercise of the right t« or ganize and govern Itself there" would ibe the strongest of . Justlficatlo: • for joining with those radical reformers who- demand the abolishment of con* ventions at once and forever. But whether or" not the next Re- 1 publican State convention shall sur- I render its right of self-government. It i is only fair to admit that the conven i tion eystem as now conducted develops i some evils for which misrepresenta 1 tlon of the people is not wholly re ; pponelble, although the evil* are great ly aggravated thereby. By far the | worst of these evils Is the making of i combinations whereby nominations i cease to represent the honest prefer- j ences of a majority of. the delegates • <and become a nitre matter of "trading" ior worse. The adoption ot. this prac | tire In State conventions is the pro : llfic parent of innumerable abuses, but I in particular it facilitates domination by bosses and corporate interests. If ' these Interests can succeed at the be ginning in controlling absolutely only , a email minority of the delegates they : may hope, by making a series of trad \u25a0 ing combinations, to capture the more Important nominations and even to : dictate for their own benefit the se ' lection of Judges for our highest ; courts. Further than this r-olitical de moralization could hardly go while ! keeping up even a pretense of self ; government by the people. HIS CONCLUSIONS In will be observed that the direct , primary, particularly as a method of • nominating State candidates, has not i yet advanced beyond the experimental : stage, the existing laws .being conced - c<\ by their makers to call for arnend [ raent. The objection ofterust urged i apalnst a direct primary law which i dispenses with conventions are that It I tends to a multiplication of candidates i and hence to the making of many • nominations by small factions of the ; electorate; that the largest centers of i population In a State and the largest towns in a county will dictate most ; of the nominations, because theJr votes will be more concentrated than those :of the rural districts; that the ex : pense to candidates, already too great = under the old plan, will be largely i Increased: that without conventions > I there will be no good way of making | ! party platforms, the Wisconsin plan j 1 of having the candidates meet after their nomination and frame the plat- j form, being open to objection. On the other hand, it is argued that the new \ system will naturally be improved and ; that all of the objections before men • tioned can be overcome; also, that the voters could well afford to put up with a grood many disadvantages to get rid I of the evils of convention nominations effected by trading and of unrepre sentative party committees. As to ; whether the direct primary irlll abol ish bossism, opinions differ consider- ' : ably, but in fairness it must be con- ' , ceded that If the boss is not destroyed ] by direct nominations the most profit- ' I able field for the exercise of his arts i : will be removed with the passing of I ; th*» convention. < To sum up, I have pointed out that the present method of making nomina tions in California is susceptible of marked improvement; that the direct election "by the people of alj delegates would be a long step In the right di rection; that the Illinois primary law, which permits voters to vote for can didates as well as for delegates, might be added to our convention system with beneficial results, as might prob ably be done without constitutional amendment: that the reform of the party committee organization is also a necessity; that 4f it be decided not to attempt to reform the existing methods but to cast them aside and establish the direct primary in its full vigor, there is at least a fair probabil ity that the new plan would be suc cessful, although -a constitutional amendment would be needed to accom plish it, and therefore we should be compelled to wait two years before results could be obtained. - I recommend the careful and con scientious attention of the Legislature to this matter, as demanded by the party platforms and the people of the State. Ways and Means Honor Is For Estudillo SACRAMENTO. Jan. B.— Present In dications point to Miguel Estudillo of Riverside as the Assemblyman who will be made chairman of the ways and means committee. Wise politicians say that when he withdrew from the Speak ership contest he did so with the un derstanding that he was to be placed at the head of this most Important committee, and, although the contest is not yet over, his rivals have little hope of heading him off. Phil Stanton, chairman of the last ways and means committee, is making no predictions and is believed to be out of the running. Others who are seeking the place are W. D. L. Held of Ukiah, A. M. Drew of Fresno and Na than C. Coghlan of San Francisco . Held's candidacy is exciting no com ment. Drew is counted out of it be cause of his anti-organisation tenden cies, and Coghlan is deemed only a possibility. If Coghlan is sidetracked again two places on the committee will be given to San Francisco. One of the places is eald to be reserved for C. M. Kisher of the Thirty-ninth District. Members of the organization are say- Ing that the final make-up of the ways and ' means committee will depend largely on what Governor Gillett thinks about It According to the story go- Ing the rounds, every name will be presented to the Governor and no one will be appointed until he has first been favored with executive approval. Glllttt goes Into office tomorrow noon, and Speaker Beardslee eaye that he win have his list ready Thursday morning. - . 'I THE. . SA^ "FRANCISCO: CALL., WEDNESDAY, , JANUARY ; 9,- 1907: ASSEMBLY MAKES I! BIG fill ij- Continued Frew Page 1, Column 6 the Bender & Chaquette edition of the Political Code, General Laws, Deer ing's Code of Civil Procedure and Penal Code and Treadwell's Constitu tion. The total expense would be $3400, double that of the last' session. In defending his resolution Coghlan declared that a cheaper edition would be false economy. He wanted every thing made clear to his brother law makers. "We lawyers," he said, "should not put lay members at a dis advantage by giving them the bare statutes." To his view the only fair thing would be to give them, books elaborately bound and laboriously annotated. The plan found many supporters, but when a modest member moved that the reso lution be referred to the yet unap pointed committee on contingent ex penses the ayes slightly outnumbered the noes, and Speaker Beardslee de clared the motion carried. "That's all right," said Coghlan af ter adjournment. "I wanted to get some Idea of the sentiment of the mem bers. I think the committee will make a favorable report." Prior to the presentation of the Coghlan resolution Grove _L. Johnson had a little fun with Phil Stanton of Los Angeles. An emergency resolu tion directing the sergeant at arms to rent fifteen typewriters immediately had been offered. Stanton objected. He thought all such measures should be referred to the committee on contin- gent expenses. J "Why?" asked Johnson. "The things are needed, and there" should be no delay." "All right," responded Johnson. "Let every t«vb stand on its own bot tom. It is traie to bid the devil good morning when you meet him. Stanton almost fell backward, so hurriedly did he drop Into his seat The motion went through, other minor resolutions slid after it, and there was no further interruption until Coghlan proposed wholesale investment in ex pensive codes. MANIAC ASSAULTS DEPUTY SHERIFF SPECIAL DISPATCH TO THE CALL. MARTINEZ, Jan. S— Deputy Sheriff Thomas Casey of Concord had a thriv ing battle with Angone Olivera, a ma niac, at Bay Point this morning, and subdued him after Olivera had made three unsuccessful attempts to crush his skull with a small sledge hammer. Olivera's insane conduct has long been a source of alarm to the resi dents of Bay Point, who feared ho would run amuck and kill his'neigh bors. When Casey_was summoned from Concord today and approached the house Olivera w.as busily, engaged in chipping the plaster from the' rooms with a chisel and small sledge. When the officer entered the place and sought to put him under arrest Olivera swung the hammer about his head and sav agely attacked Casey. One blow from the Instrument struck the officer's left hand and dislocated .several small bones, but he ,closed in on the maniac and succeeded in handcuffing him after two more blows had been aimed -at his head. • ' During the twelyo-mile.rlde .to this city Olivera twice made attempts to assault the ofQccr with his manacled hands. He is now locked up In the Insane ward of the County Hospital pending his examination before Supe rior Judge William B. Wells. FOR ADDITIOVAL XEWB .OF THE * legislature: see: page 6 '< Japanese Question to Be Taken Up by the Senate Scant 1 Courtesy Shown to Final Message From Parclee • SACRAMENTO. Jan 7 ?r— The ~ Japan ese Influx and the school segregation question in San Francisco are to be made the subject of special considera tion by the Senate In behalf of organ ized labor, which is "anxious to d«nnitely settle all the disputes that havo arisen over the matter of State supremacy by the recent message of JPretldcnt Roosevelt. ? Senator. ' George*, B. Keane announced today that he proposed to. lntroduco a bill in the Senate providing for, re^ \u25a0trlctlve legislation affecting Japanese in San Francisco and other parts of California. The exact scope of the bill was not decided upon, he said, as no action in the matter would, be, taken until a definite understanding was had with Secretary O. A. Tveltmoe and other officers of the San Francisco Building Trades Council. Senator Keane professes to be very frank about his espousal of the views of the labor men respecting Asiatics in California and says that he will give the Japan ese and Korean I Exclusion League every assistance at the present session. '1 am • against^ Japanese -ever and always In San Francisco," he said. "There is no' politics about my senti ment in this respect. They, do the State no good, c-»\ I believe that the white laborer haJ every -Justification "in regarding them as a menace to his interests." '."\u25a0I Senator" Keane will' be supported' in his anti-Japanese propaganda' by Senator Edward Wolfe. -.\u25a0'", "If a' bill of some kind affecting Japanese does not go through at the present session," said Wolfe, "I .will submit resolutions upholding the cam paign of the Japanese and Korean Exclusion League.- -A lot of platitude is finding currency on this question, but It Is nevertheless a real and vital one for California. Any measure of justifiable restriction affecting Japan ese will have my support." . j Little interest or significance was connected '"Ith other matters that came, to the attention of the Senate today, with the -exception of the sum mary railroading of the message of Governor Pardee. -'-\u25a0'""""*' " Senator Leavitt moved that the mes sage be printed ..In the .official journal' of the "Senate", bo that it could be considered "with care." The mo tion was carried with a readiness that indicated that the. delicate, sense of satire of the gentleman from Oakland was appreciated. Chaplain Darling's brevity in prayer is being acclaimed by the Senators. His invocation at .the. session today occupied less than eighty seconds of their time, and some profane meta phor was born of their approval. "That's the dope," declared one /Sen ator, sitting close up in front. "Wise ones never waste" words." W. 'Scheppler. & Son Jewelers/watchmakers, formerly 1071 Market, n0w. 2392 Mission, near 20th. • RECOMMENDS TWO-CEXT FAIIE GUTHRIE, Okla., Jan: 8. — The com mittee on railroads and public, service corporations has, made a report to the constitutional convention recommend ing a 2-cent.fare on the railways. Little house-maid / lit' ~*^"^^^^^^v t^?«^^^' - - — — , . * *s 4^ td # # iff] 1 1 Nfc,.* -^* T3?A*6IWB» . _\u25a0•» \u25a0\u25a0'"•"**-\u25a0 ' ** \u25a0 f_ '.' <Coj>ifr/fAt 'ftt <titpfcos^ hnittlftf yuife cuncl fihan^ and Justice Flouted in Our Courts Says Pardee Giles Tricks of Law : yers in Graft and Gollms Cases . SACRAMENTO, Jan. 7.— ln his fare well . message Governor Pardee ex pressed himself in favor of amending the law so as to prevent a repetition of the fight for immunity being made on technical grounds In the San Fran cisco court:* by for the accused grafters. Pardeo did not mince mat ters in his denunciation of officials who betray their. trust. . . The message in part said: Two years ago California was 'hu miliated by the trial and conviction of two of her State Senators for bribery. A third member of the Senate fled and Is now a fugitive from Justice. The Senate is to be congratulated upon Its prompt action in expelling:, after an exhaustive trial and before their con viction by juries, the Senators who, by their dishonest acts, ' brought shame and disgrace upon California and cast a stigma upon our boasted republican form of government. SA.V FRAXCISCO'S DISGRACE The recent developments in the city of San Francisco, which seem to in dicate a state of affairs at least as bad as that which existed in New York City under the regime of Tweed, ought to shame every person who claims to be a Californian. That offi cial corruption could go to the extreme which seems to have existed In the metropolis should concern every per son who loves this country and de sires to see its free institutions per petuated. For, if unchecked, this official corruption ; wlll~sop6ison the whole, body politic as to cause the sure death of public spirit and private patriotism. The official who betrays the trust impoped in him commits a crime ag-ainst his fellow citizens that is blacker, more despicable and more to be detested. than even cold-blooded murder. The latter is a crime against an individual, or, at most, against a very few. But the former Is a crime against many and disturbs the very foundations of our' free Institutions. The bribe-taker is, however, no great er criminal than the brlbe-glver. Both should be. scorned 'of all men; both should be punished for their crimes against the State. He who betrays the people in times of peace is no less a traitor to his country than he who be-, trays It in time of war. There are, to our shame, bo It said, Benedict Ar-* nolds still among us. I commend to the careful, patriotic attention of the ' Legislature this sub ject and hope that some method Will be devised whereby detection ; and swift conviction may be made more certain than, to. our disgrace, be It said, appears now to be the case. JUSTICE IS" DEFIED Another thing that Is engrossing the 'attention of all thinking men in this State is the way in which, by juggling with the technicalities of the law, Jus tice is defied and our courts and laws made laughing-stocks by cunning law yers. California ought to blush when it remembers how our criminal pro cedure permitted the notorious ueorge D. Collins to juggle with jtrstice, defy the' courts, roll "up needless expenses for the public purse to bear and, worse, far worse than this, Implant still deep er in the public .mind the suspicion that our laws and courts are made and conducted not for the purpose of do ing but of hampering justice. And no one has forgotten how, only a short time agro, another attorney, in suing for a fee, publicly set forth how, by means of dilatory motions and an end less trickery with the machinery of the law, ho had so delayed the bring ing of his client into court that the matter had become outlawed. The San Francisco officials who have been indicted for crimes against the public good are either innocent or guilty: and in the interests of public morality that innocence or guilt should be quickly established, and justice, either in vindication or severe punish ment, "should be swiftly and 'surely meted out to the accused. Yet we see the courts blocked and day after day, week : after week, spent in the inter position of dilatory motion upon dila tory motion, followed by time-consum ing argument after argument, until it would seem almost as if there was some truth. ln the public suspicion that the courts' are sieves whose meshes are large enough to let through those with sufficient money and influence. LAWS SHOULD BE AMENDED It is a serious matter, one that ap peals to us all, that justice may be thus laughed at, the courts mocked, and the protection of our laws against criminals' and- criminal acts thus de fied. \u25a0 No one" of us is safe, either In life; liberty or property, if those.ac cused of crime, may thus. stave o>r trial until' witnesses forget, are brfbed or disappear, or until, by the very be devilment of the record, some. error is made .upon which \the technical courts of appeal may a reversal of con viction.- : . , . I -commend ' this "whole subject mat ter-also to the careful and patriotic attention of the . Legislature, hoping that such changes In our criminal pro cedure-will'be made at this session as will prevent the spectacles that have, Machinery of State Operates to Outwit Pardee's Men Attorney General Webb Will Defend Gurry Against Crow's Mandamus SPECIAL DISPATCH TO THE CALL- SACRAMENTO, Jan. 8. — The whole machinery of the State Government Is to be employed to set at naught the attempt of Governor -Pardee to ap point Judges of the Superior Court to succeed Judges Kerrigan. Taggart and Burnett, elected to the Appellate bench In the First, Second and Third districts respectively. Attorney General "Webb will tomorrow morning defend Secre tary of State Charles Curry In a man damus proceedings brought by S. 'A. Crow of Santa Barbara to compel Curry to show cause why he should not issue Crow a commmlsslon as Superior Judge. Early this morning Crow, who had been refused his commission by Curry, instituted mandamus proceedings. Judges Hosmer and Denny, the other appointees of the Governor, waited on Curry, and tendering the appropriate fee, demanded their commissions. Curry refused the commissions, but suggested to the applicants that they need not Institute mandamus proceedings, as he would abide by the decision rendered in Judge Shields' court at 10 o'clock to morrow morning, where Crow's writ was made returnable. Crow's complaint sets up the conten tion that there Is" a vacancy on the Superior bench in Santa Barbara Coun ty and that Curry had refused to per form a purely ministerial act. Curry In his answer denied that there was a vacancy. Crow's contention wad based on the legal opinion secured by the Governor before he. made the appoint ments, that is that on Thursday -night at 12 o'clock, .under the provisions of the law creating the District Appellate Court, those Judges of the several Su perior courts elected to the Appellate Court and who had qualified as such ceased to be Superior Judges and were disqualified to sit as such. Curry's contention, which was based on the advice given him by the Attorney Gen eral, was that there was no vacancy on the Superior bench until the Judges had resigned, and further that It was not incompatible for a Judge to hold ' both, offices, should that phase of the question arise. said yesterday: ; . "Yes, I still refuge to issue com missions to the supposed appointees of \u25a0Governor .Par4ee . to : the - several Su perior benches. There is but the one appointment in Issue, though I shall, of course, be governed In the three cases by.' the decision of Judge Shields, and I have so advised Judges Hosmer and Denny, who today demanded their commissions and to whom I refused com missions, j I declined to issue a com mission to' Judge Crow . because I do not believe there is a vacancy on the Superior bench in Santa Barbara. And, of course, my view of the other two cases is the same.. Acting on competent legaK: advice \ I hold : there can be no vacancy; '; until ther Judges of the Su perior ,<j f ourjt'*haS§'st Wiimed:— Kx>r their qualification and ".the performance of the duties.of Appellate Judge by them could not, according to my advice, create vacancies, but that is a question we have not yet- to meet. The legal within the past, two years, brought disgrace upon our laws and placed a premium upon dishonest, shameful and Indecent trickery. Be the fault where it may be, at the bar, in the trial courts or in the Appellate or Supreme courts, let the proper remedies be applied, so that those accused of crime shall be compelled to go to trial within a rea sonable time; and let that trial be upon the merits, not the fine-spun tech nicalities of the case and the law. Let a crime be quickly followed by pun ishment and not by judicial legerde main and wearisome, justice-refusing technicalities. . Collars are made of strong, white, durable and flexible r3 fabrics which, laundrymen say wear longest. ij \u25a0 800 STYLES IN QUARTER SIZCS. ISC EACH; 2 POR JSC; I CLUETT, PIABODV * CO., MAKERS Of CLUETT SHIRTS. A KS'iii"S : *"^ r^3f \u25a0 '*.- -:.-*\u25a0....• !'! ' •*-\u25a0;. -.•«,->4..*~ \u25a0>••»£-*.-''-''\u25a0 JC'.::"iL«;~.,i *7S:feJie*A \u25a0uJJL "i .I4 JHWW" 1 \u25a0'I--- * LOOKING for HOMES If you have anything which you wish to offer to . the great army of home-seekers who are coming to California through the Los Angeles gateway to the State, a small "For Sale" advertisement in the classified columns of the "Los Angeles Times" will put you in communication with them. If you have a ranch for sale or to let, or wish to dispose of or rent a city or suburban , home, a small sum expended in this way may accom- plish the desired result. Address , LOS ANGELES TIMES San Francisco . Office. 779' Market Street,- San Francisco. Or phone Temporary 2121. . D. A. CURTIN 323 MONADNOCK BLDG. Telephone Tempy. 2538. Collects Accounts Everywhere. References : Banks and Merchants. LOST -Certificates, Checks Receipts, Bills of . Lading: and Negotiable Paper of every description replaced by a Bond of .-The Metropolitan - Surely Company of \Xeiv --York. . . Contract; Judicial and Fidelity Bonds. JUDSON BRUSIE. Manager, room '10, Ferry bulldinjr.V \u25a0. D. W. :: CARMICHAEL . CO.. I Inc.. General Agents, ; 1008 Flllmore street. rights of the supposed appointees or Governor Pardee are in no way affected by my refusal to perform a purely ministerial act. If thero were vacan cies they are Judges. If not. well, had I believed there was a vacancy, I would have issued the commission for Judge Crow." Judges Hosmer and Denny will be In Judge Shields' court tomorrow morn- Ing, interested spectators but not par ticipants In the proceedings. The re fusal of Curry to issue the commis sions is, of course, politics, and Pardee's appointment of C. N- Post to succeed Judge Hart this afternoon has broken the Pardee pick, with Judge, Shields, who was an ardent advocate of James Devlne's candidacy for the same place. Hosmer will not be so nervous as his fellow Pardee appointees, as he has re ceived assurances that' quite regardless of the decision of the court Gillett .will appoint him to Kerrigan's place as soon as the Humboldt man tahes the rein-* of government. Renew Fight fon Notaries in This City SACRAMENTO, Jan. B.— The crusade against the close corporation main tained by the elect few notaries public in San Francisco is to be renewed with unusual vigor by ihe San Francisco attorneys during the present session. An effort will be made to remove en tirely the restriction as to the number of notarial commissions that may be issued to San " Franciscans by the Governor. The San Francisco attorneys have heretofore made several attempts to break down the Chinese wall around the notarial business In San Francisco. but always without success. At this session they have already developed a strength among the country members that augurs ill for the continuation of \u25a0 the good thing enjoyed by the select i eighty who have a monopoly in the : coast metropolis. By statute the number of notaries that might be commissioned in San Francisco was originally forty. This was gradually worked' up to sixty and under Pardee it was increased to eighty. Practically all restrictions have been removed as to the number of notaries In all other sections of the State, but every attempt to increase tne number in San Francisco has met with a determined and well financed opposition. Those waging the campaign for re moval of restrictions claim that with only eighty notaries in San Francisco the business interests are at the mercy of "the ' fortunate possessors of . com t nHs3iog.s_^adt~*es!s-»sd; thar_tjie_ / pfcfcv_ ing of the close corpor&tkvf have been :so substantial that commissions are sold at a minimum of $500. The legal advisers of .Pardee are satisfied that the law restricting the number of notarial commissions that may be issued to San Francisco Is clearly unconstitutional and that any Governor who chooses/may entirely ig nore it and appoint as many notaries as he chooses. This claim is based on the ground that the law is clearly within constitutionally prohibitive defi nition of class or special legislation. 'iae San Francisco attorneys and bankers who are most active in the movement against the notaries are not prepared to be satisfied with an execu tive construction of the law, which may never be forthcoming. THE CALIFORNIA PROMOTION COMMITTEE (Organized 11X12) PROMOTION*: The set of promoting «d- Ttncetnent; E.NCOURAGEIIENT.-Centnrj Dte- tiouiiry. The California Promotion Committee has fn» IU object the PROMOTING of CallfornU as a whole. - .-^ It has not blag to sell. Its energies are deroted to fosterlmr all thlnscs that haTe the ADVANCEMENT ot Call- furnia as their object. ! *-«**• It gWes reliable information on every snbi*Mt connected with the indnstrips of California It giTM ENCOURAGEMENT to the establish- ment of new industries and larites deslrabla ££ migration. . It Is not an employment asreccy. although It glTes lnformatJOß resrardlnjj labor conditions It presents the opportunities and needs la -n tleUls of business and professional actlvltT The Committee Is supported by DODular sub- scription and makes no charge for aSJ irrtc. render^. * "*"" 1 -" Affiliated with the Committee are one hnndred and sixty commercial organizations of the StV*» with (i membership of over thirty thonsand Meeting* are held semi-annually la different parts of California, where matter* of SUtota- terest are discussed. «»««.• ta Headquarters of the Committee are maintained In San Francisco In California Building. TJnloa COKRESPON'DENCE IXTITEP. 500 ROOMS 50c, 75c and $1 Per Night, Including Bath WHITE PALACE HOTEL llth and Market Streets Entrance to Van INesat Aye. JOHNJ.DEANE NOTARY PUBLIC. Special Care Taken with Depositions and AH Legal Documents. X or th went corner of S utter and ; Stelner Streets.