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The San Francisco call. [volume] (San Francisco [Calif.]) 1895-1913, April 13, 1907, Image 8

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SATURDAY
The San Ffancisco£all
JOHN D. 5PRECKEL5. .......'.../.. . . .... Proprietor
CHARLES W. HORNICK. .Oeneral Manager \u25a0
ERNEST S. SIMPSON ..'.,.: » . . • \u2666 \u25a0 .. Managing Editor
Addre— All ConuanmlcatloM U.THB BAN FRA3TCISCO } CALL - j
Telrpbone, «Tem»orßry 86"<— -Ask for The Call. The Operator Will Connect
Ton With the De»artmemt \u25a0 You 'Wish.
BUSINESS 0FF1CE....:. ...Market and : Third Streets, San" FranciscoN
Open Until 11 O'clock Every NighUln the Year. ,
EDITORIAr. ROOMS J....... ... .Market and Third Streets :
MAIN CITY BRANCH ............1681 FUlmore; Street, Near Post
OAKLAND OFFICE — 1016 8r0adway. . .......;..: . .Telephone Oakland 1083 >
ALAMEDA OFFICE — 1486 Park Street ........ .Telephone Alameda 559 ; .
BERKELEY OFFICE — SW. Cor. Center and Oxford .. Telephone Berkeley 77-
CHICAGO OFFlCE— Marquette Bldg... C* George Krogness/ Representative
NEW TORK OFPTCE— BO Tribune BldglV. Stephen B.'. Smith, Repreßentatlve
WASHINGTON CORRESPONDENT. . . .7! ..Ira E. Bennett
SUBt CRIPTIOTf RATES
Delivered by Carrier.. 20 Cents : PPr,e r, Week. 76 Cents Per . Month. Single
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DAD^Y CALL (includinsr Sunday). « motithi.. .................%4.00 \u25a0,
DAILY CALL— By single m0nth. ........ :.........;............... 75c ;
SUNDAY CALL. 1 year........ ........... 1 2.60 ;
WEEKLY CALL. 1 year. .....;....'..'.... 1.00
\ Dally ..../....;.... .......;.....-t8.&0 Per Year Extra
FOREIGN I Sunday ..; .......i ........ 4.15 Per Year Extra
POSTAGE. £ Weekly 1...... ..1.00 Per Year Extra ;
Entered at the United' States Postoffloe as Second Class Matter. -,' •
ALL POSTMASTERS ARE AUTHORIZED TO \u25a0 RECEIVE SUBSCRIPTIONS.
Sample Copies Will Be Forwsrded When Requested.
Mail subßcribers In ordering change of address should be particular, to
give both NEW AND OLD ADDRESS In order to insure a prompt
and correct compliance with their request. J - ._ i
MR. CALHOUN'S SILENCE
MR. PATRICK CALHOUN; complains of impertinence with
some heat when he is asked a plain question concerning
money paid- to the Supervisors as bribes for the overhead
trolley franchise, and he adds that had he known that the
franchise was corruptly secured he would not have accepted it.
Mr. Calhoun's denial >of corrupt practices in the interest of the
United Railroads is not convincing. It does not explain or meet
the known fact that bribes were paid. In view of the evidence
afforded by the confessions of the Supervisors Mr. Calhoun 'has
lost the right to complain of impertinence when asked for an ex
planation. The question is pertinent and must be answered.
The time when Mr. Calhoun could stand on his dignity and
solemnly point to a stainless name is past. The questions that Mr.
Calhoun deems impertinent must be answered, even if the answers
have to come from the prisoners' dock. *
Mr. Calhoun treats the people of San Francisco as if he thought
they were fools. He will not indicate the source of bribes paid to
Supervisors, and apparently he expects people to believe that
the money fell like manna from heaven. He would let us infer
that a miracle was worked to help the United Railroads. The only
refusal to explain that Mr. Calhoun can justify is on the ground
that he might incriminate himself. The public will regard his
silence in that light.
Leaving the personal aspect out of the question, it seems that
the time has come for a full reconsideration of the relations between
the United Railroads and the city 'of San Francisco. That corpora
tion is the beneficiary of franchises easily worth $20,000,000. They
have been capitalized for a much greater sum, and were a free gift \
from the city to the corporation, costing, nothing but the compara
tively trifling sums paid as bribes to corrupt officials. \u25a0
The plant and equipment of tHe United ' Railroads can be
reconstructed for less than $20,000,000. The property is capitalized,
in round figures, for about $80,000,000. It pays/ interest and |
dividends on something like $50,000,000. The difference between'
the cost of construction and the sum on which interest and dividends
arc paid represents the value of the "municipal gift to the
corporation. The valuation of the franchises at $20,000,000 is, there
fore, moderate and reasonable. -,>"-.
These franchises are public property, and must be paid for by
the holder. This principle is recognized in the modern practice of
all cities, but the payments are never adequate. The people usually
get the worst of the bargain. . \._
. The United Railroads ought to pay 4 per cent on $20,000,000
to the city of San Francisco. Such. payment would still leave the
corporation largely the gainer by the' valuable privileges that it
holds. Transportation franchises should be made to pay enough to
. take- care of the streets. .
If Mr. Calhoun and the. United Railroads refuse to make; a
reasonable settlement with the city they may be reminded' that
some of their franchises are forfeited' for bribery and fraud. -
A SHORT-SIGHTED POLICY
CHARLES M. SCHWAB announces f that tho UnionUron Works
""will. never build; another, ship -for the \u25a0 GoVernmenti" as 'long
as he has ; an3rthing to say about it. The announcement 'was
made in Mr. Schwab's annual report to the' Bethlehem Steel.
Corporation, which owns the Union Iron Works and some smaller
shipbuilding plants. It has been no secret for years that the Gov
ernment was an exacting and unprofitable customer. "I -never knew/
said Mr. Schwab, "any one to make money out of battleship con
struction. We have conclusive evidence of this/ for we liave charged
off altogether a $3,000,000 loss from the "shipbuilding^ companies. In
the construction of the three battleships now, building at the^ Union
Iron Works we have in the past-year charged off $1,725,000." Some
of the loss in this city was,, of' course, due to v the fire and the
increased. cost of labor and materials resulting. from that: calamity.
But the greater part of the loss' is, due ;to the,. unreasonable delays
• caused b)r red tape and the strange practice' of the Navy Department
in changing plansVfor ships while they are building. "On account of
the delays caused by inspectidnsj in -^specifications^ and so
on," says Mr. Sch;vab, "the progress of ' Government;, work^ is slow
and costly. I have sometimes; thought 'that it ;'was possible to turn
out more tonnage in steel for aJpHvate^ cuistomer; .in- a month' than
can be turned out under present conditions for the Government in
fifteen years." . ...... "y , ;r C '\u25a0
. /That is an astonishing statement, but it is made by a responsible i
. man, who knows his business. It.is public knowledge- that it takes
; five years in an American shipyard to; ouijdTaf battleship of • 1 6,000
*to 18,000 tons, while. an English yard. turned out the big Dreadnouglit
b£ 22,000 tons in \ less than two yearV • - \u25a0- '- |
It is an unfortnnate condition that . Mr.. Schwab describes, and
San Francisco gets the worst of! it* ;The; policy! is^shorf sightedfat
.; both. ends^.lt is ; a necessity of national ; def ense;t^at;plants like ithe 1
Union- Iron- AVorks" should receive encouragement 1 and not injury
from Uncle Sam. \u25a0 r-rvNV-
;THE: AUDITOR'S ESTIMATES
TllE A'uditqr/s t estimates • for the : forthcoming budget
present v afrather"agreeable surprise by way?of;illustrati6nc of
what'can still: be done within -the .dollar limit in a city that; iess
.-than a year;=ago *vas ravaged:- by: fire. ' We assume;.that^the
figures; are'; based on infor mation oj>taine(i; from -the Assessor to the
effect tHatl the roll for taxation purposes- will-footupf something^ like
EDITORIAL PAGE
The Life os Schmitz, as Seen by Cartoonists Ewer and Goodrich.
$450,000,000, which seems unexpectedly: good for- a city of which
two-thfrds was swallowed up" in conflagratipn. .;. 'V \u25a0; * , ;
The most striking items among, the appropriations recommended
by the Auditor ; ' are $1,000,000 ' for c the ; restoration, of public
buildings- and $l,O31;34O for : the Fire' Department. These estimates
exceed' the corresponding appropriations for sueh 7 purposes before
the fire, but no one: will dispute; their present expediency- and
wisdom. The Fire Department .used to. cost the city somewhere
between $800,000 and; $900,000 a year inthe period following the
adoption . of^the charter, but in- view of present conditions; it will
not be disputed", that. ;it is wise to; strengthen the fire-fighting 'force.
_ We do not know how far $l;000,000'will. go in restorations of
our public buildings,^: but it will at least remove the eyesores in the
shape of municipal ruins that still remain as 'a. reproach to the city,
and ,at : the same : time much can be done to stop the leaks that
Schmitz and^Ruef and theirj bobdling. Supervisors pulled wide open
under "pretext of paying rent for temporary quarters.
The restoration, of accepted 'streets, is another matter, and it, is
doubtful whether the budget can; provide for any adequate treat
ment of prevailing, conditions. .The estimates include $653,000 for
the Board of Works, but thi s sum > must > cover /expenditures v- on
many oither ; things^besides the (streets. ':\u25a0: It ; would be well' if ;a; com
petent engineerwereemployedby the city to estimate the pecuniary
needs of. the city for rehabilitation of :'tn'e ; streets'^ arid i sewers. \ ';; ;
INTIMATIONS are thrown out that jury fixers ; in the • interest of
Ruef are at work seeking to reach' veniremen and bring them
under one .kind of influence or another^. We can quite believe
that something of this \u25a0 nature ; is : afoot, as the intimations come
from many different sources.^We do not believe there is any real cause
for alarm, because- the,, jury .fixers wil^ be attended to, and if •they
are not rriore, careful' they will 4 find themselves on 'the way to the
This phase of criminal activity is not new to the prosecution.
Heney and Burns have been through it all in Oregon. Inthat State
they" were confronted by an even .more powerful? organization than,
that which surrounds ! Ruef and Schmitz. >They v were able to
protect their jurors in Oregon, and they can do the same in San
Francisco. , If' in tlie process : an assortment ;of : jury/ fixers is sent
across the ;bay; that were a consummation^ well worth i thelmoneyv
San Francisco -has long been infested by a gang' of professionals
in this line; and ;tHey can , easily be spared. : '*
r-|-'| HE Southern^ Railway, which ; has
' I . : - ; maintained a freight ' office In \ this
I ,^ city : for the past ten years, • in
\u25a0\u25a0': tends ;to abolish • the department,
according to' t a report curren t, .and some
curiosity is expressed whether Colonel
peorge I J. b Bradley ._ will* continue | In \ the
serviceof the company.; iThe'passenger
department here will be retained as the
Southern I Railway, in \ connection V.wlth
other ; lines;; maintains the Washington
Sunset , office.' . ->; '-..', ; . ::^:?-?.V;f-,
- ;; .\u25a0: \u25a0.•.,/• ;;\u25a0 mj;- .';•;• / J,, \u25a0
'•: Frank • B.r Ladd. who • has : been in the
Southern i Pacific freight! auditor's office
for the past twenty, years,' has resigned
to go; into] the real' estate business.- !
..The transcontinental;', bureau ;. an-^
nounces a - new rate on plaster, carload
lots,7^f rom ; Ruedi, r ] Colo.; ?to| Calif ornian
terminals of i 35 'cents r; per; 100 ; pounds,
minimum carload weight 40,000 pounds.
:' -. :: .'\u25a0 "••'• v' •\u25a0;\u25a0\u25a0-'- r •'; -: : •'• '\u25a0\u25a0\u25a0'..'-.-\u25a0-"•\u25a0.£-.;'• T^.
\u25a0) D. O. Clarke, i superintendent .of coal
service*. for. v the <Union^Paclflc,\who^has
been' in". the^State Cforlsome timei'left
yesterday forithe \ East. \u25a0"\u25a0:.\u25a0\u25a0/\u25a0) ;5; 5 • : V ;
J. P.' ,Hedden,. ; general and
passengeri; agent; of ;the'.Toohpah?a-nd
Goldfleld f 'f Railway, •) In Ia • private^ letter
to"a friend in"; the city;;denies^the'pub
IhitKe&bke World
•-'There's a fellow who is always look-,
ing ahead."- '..;.;: - \u25a0. ..;.".':-- .'y'':': : '-.' r --' :: )\'-\ '•..-' \u25a0'-\u25a0
; ; "He has! good cause." • ' ' ; <'\u0084.
; : "Goodi'cause?" " • \ -. ..' ../.,,.
; "Yes; his creditors are always follow?.
Ing him."— -Cleveland s Plain; Dealer..; '•"* ;
"Why," asked her, mother^ *'do you ai^
ways * play % those "V classical J tunes "when
jve* have|company7^'"; ?'.-/<( ;* ; xT^-^;r>'::'. < v; ;; ?
X"Solthat if lihappen now and: then to
h J tjt t he \u25a0 wrong key." they'll « never < know
the N difference." -"*.-.-;. .-j* r -'?;sr ;'"' '\u25a0".'\u25a0yK: i."i:Vv'
"Have i you s got anything [ quiet In-, the
way of i ties T.. asked?the- man in: the
haberdashery."i ; i-^"^ : ; ; -"\;; ':y:^-I : '^^^J'-y-}f.
"^•'Yes/i^j replied^- theV clerk.* /^here's
som ething in -watered silk; exact 7 shade
of , the Dead"; Sea/'r^-Yonkers . Statesman;
"Mr. ; Borem is : in i the ; parlor^; miss."
"Has be any \ flowers *or Vcandy ( *,witb.
hirn?"J-; *,:' XX": s ".''\u25a0,,'''". _ -_ _
\ "No, : miss." \u0084. • s : \u25a0
-Tell "' him i I'm' ouCVrr-Loulirvilta I Cou
rler-Journal.^ .-.7 "r'^-^'X^J^: \X'^>--J
THE BUSY JURY FIXERS
Gossip in Railway Circles.
lished report that he had been in prison.
It: appears that j the" lines'; in Nevada* are
Having ;\u25a0 considerable '\u25a0\u25a0\u25a0 trouble" with": the
new ; law, ythat 4 w as ; , passed ; • recen tly, 1
and *. Hedden 'v,was s told^- by i ai lawyer '-to
produce'; all | the ':. company's I books.' : ''s He
refused. j t Then, the story,, goes,'; the law
yer, attempted \ to' have the railroad s man
indicted for. 4 perjury,' but .the Grand 'Jury
refused :<o' consider ;the;indlctmehtl "R'H
:' . . ."\u25a0.••.'..;; '\u25a0"'\u25a0\u25a0• •j.'^v,! •'\u25a0\u25a0»- '• i ~~?. : '--' \u25a0,'-:\u25a0\u25a0'-'.'\u25a0
- Martin fßeasleyihas.ibeen ? promoted
from the offlce^of the Gould lines : in this
city^to .freight andlpassenger. agent' of'
that' company; at*; Sacramento,' ; an'd*'his
placej here? will *be^taken •.William
Kirbji, .who ; has -been; stationed ati.Sae>
ramentb.T" " ; "-'"\u25a0' ''• \u25a0 ••\u25a0 '. ' >•-•'.\u25a0?'\u25a0
)~"':. \u25a0' \u25a0 - ':. - ' •'! \u25a0• :.:'•''. "\ \u25a0:'"\u25a0\u25a0.. : ''.'\u25a0* "'".•
:i The many ; friends ; . o f .^Captain N. /T.
Smith,- jthe j? veteran? treasurer, of ithe
SoUtheroS^paciflc,f wllti XbV-fi pleased ? to
lj»rn i 'tnat ! * ills -'iJhystc'ia'n's * believe
Ire | will •; recovery f rdm » his ? illnesß. j^He
passed t?a"f comparatively,';-; comfortable
night T- Thursday^ and : ; was much "\u25a0 better*
yesterday.Vx*?s?v, : ." ' : • '. " . \u25a0 ": b^-^lc
'_ \u25a0V . \u25a0,; < «.-';' \u25a0'{. \u25a0 *\u25a0"*;''; ,*.-'•. - \u25a0 '.\u25a0' >X'-ir.'; :^
V, W. iil-Bullen,*; Pacific ' Coast ; "agent -of
the ;Grand ! iTfunk^ Railway,; ls..'ln^thls
city/; -.The \ ma jorj makes i his "\u25a0', headquar.
ters'inf Los r Angeles sand piston-fan l a ini
jßftection'itripVof \u25a0- \u25a0.Ih'efaifferent'- agsncles
in^the' State.;, V;,V 'i v/ : ',J' : '\u25a0\u25a0'* ' [ '\u25a0\u25a0''\u25a0"\u25a0 ;; "' '-'
fed
A: \u25a0 TWOifsTREETS^j/; S.\- !.'\u25a0.' 4 Battery
street '; In' San \u25a0 Francisco I was ?bo • named
becauseiofithejfactjthatiln^early^days
of : w Ajbaer lcari "J, there $S*H)&
erected" onttheUinei|"of; that; streeV near
Broadway, fa;,battery.vOf /gunsVto "jpro-l
; tect ? the :* entrance^ to *Uhe '\u25a0}. bay.\"; v Mont-'
; gomery f street f, was i, named ' ] torX Com
mander^ Mohtgomefyj-^ ILri S.^ N^ who"
• landed subsequently
1 San f -FrahclscoVxand | raised^ the i'Amerli'
j can flag: on i what^was > the .'>! plaza^now
Portsmouth*. Square.' X .. * : .-, .::•:!>
>%' INSBCTS-^-A i Dally 3 Subscriber, vClty;
If . yo.u t will ;- address | a*:' communication
to itbe ; State) Board fof i Horticulture %at
Sacramento; you will i be; advised^ as to
thjai^b'esttinsectlclde'lf or .f destroying:; tha
insectslyou^cbmplain^of^ ?r? r - ; '
I V-- .. . ; v \u25a0", :- : ' •"•!"!• '>tCv*'' : '-'«*'.X''-.:- '-\u25a0'\u25a0\u25a0' : , ; x"» "';-*
I i-i REIjIEF--^S.' {fs.V>*J.Vj. Sacrament o, '-; Cai.'
.The i proper^ part y|to Iwr I tel tojabout't re-"
lief for. those ' aff ectedj by^the^conflagra
tion %ot£ last^AprU^is ithej Relief / Com
mittee, Geary. «nd-;Crough 'streets, *Saa
I Francisco,; ,\u25a0' " •.. - ••
Press of the East Discusses
Topics of the Day
SENATOR LA7FOL.L.ETTE, after
an exhaustive study of the rail
roads, their; genuine capitaliza
- tion, the .money really invested,
their fraudulent capitalization, their
counterfeit s certificates :"' of . value,
their dividends.- on - water and "wind
listed ; as , actual capital, has estimated
that to pay returns on railroad invest
ments.; that are purely imaginative—^
like . putting ; fifty millions of ; bonds '. to
gether with fifty 'millions of stocks and
calling the. whole one hundred millions
of .bonds, one hundred millions of pre
ferred >' and " \u25a0 one r- hundred ,!,' millions * of
common stock— Senator La Follette has
calculated,', in cold mathematics, 'that to
take returns \u25a0„ on - such' bogus
ments ; the .'railroads : of this v country
are ' the 'American people pay
somewhere between a quarter of a bil
lion and a half a billion: of; dollars a
year,, more 'than a', reasonable \u25a0 return"- on
actual -capital : Justifies.. 'S*~'y * r - • ' It
the".railroads "were compelled to" pay
only' that; reasonable return on -.'=- the
actual .investment in their,, control of
the ; public highways, Mt" would mean as
much to the people of the United States
as a giftfbf the anhual f income.'at the
saving bank interest, on six billions of
dollars.— New York Press.
V There ; have been many assurances
and: -z evidences \u25a0.;•; that the recent dis
turbance of speculative} values ; .In /.Wall
street' had ;\u25a0 no', effect" on'i business. The
"most striking f proof of - this, ; however,
comes, from : the directors' room" in the
office of .; the United States Steel Cor
poration;^ The .board had _ its , meeting
day ' before < yesterday, and the .'reports
bearing on the business \u25a0 of the corpora
tion were v : of j, the •>• most " ••' encouraging
character.*/ Orders for the first: twenty
one days of the current month;;ran
10,000 tons a -day ; in .: excess of; the ; cor
responding; period 1 of ! last; year.: Thus
the : commercial " and ' Industrial , leaders
of the ? country 'express ; ttieir;' deliberate
Judgment that tno > trade; reaction \ is ; in
sight. - This is J their \u25a0 opinion backed by
money, < for J orders .would', not? be; placed
at« the; present high; prices If business
stability ': were not ) strongly assured.
.The signs point : to 1 an; increase - rather
than -a ' decrease of general commercial
activity.'-^-Pittsburg Press. .: "
i v The latest bulletin issued by the free
employment -offices * maintained ', by > the
State of Massachusetts presents a most
Instructive {'contrast between I the^desire
of hundreds of clerks,to"get new places
and the dearth of laborers on the farms.
It-; is I announced ' that •;; 1000,^ farm- hands
are wanted. The; pay i offered -Is from
$18 .to : $30 "a month," with .board -and
lodging-V.' It is f also: ; stated 'that^ 500
clerks . of .various ' classes ; have' enrolled
their; names as applicants ,for' situa
tions^". It * is ; safe to jsay ). that many ; of
these ; seekers for ; employment \u25a0 have no
hope "of, getting :.the"i equivalent $30
•aJmontn' and' their .board, ! or>evenv $20
a I month/*? clear; 7 of Aboard \u25a0; and * lodging.
.• i?r'^>in -States r.w^hichij have ..fewer
cities and \u25a0 far. more land * under cultiva
tion the contrast -between, the abundant
supply of [clerks] and: the' lack of :. farm
laborers'; is ; even ; more • striking ' than It
-is* tn ? Massachusetts. ' The _ : call ; of ; : the
: country g grows t louder, /every Pyear. It
']wlll 'yet be \u25a0 heard . above 3 the hum and
roar of the machinery of trade and in
dustry In the ' cities 'j so g clearly ' that
there; willibe fan ; equalizing of ithe" conf
dltions ; of -; employment. . IThere will be
a i; better r supply^ oft; workers r: on /the
farms . and ; less 1 press bre f or v places { to
earn a living \u25a0, as \u25a0' clerks in - stores ~; and
'offioes. -i'i The rural .districts of America
grow , steadily/ more ' attractive, ' always
mor8 r . f avorabl a : ' for? f ull "t and | rounded
lifeV 1 - The country* is 'coming slowly;but
surely J into 1 its iown; for ; ; work I and * for
residence.-7<:ieveland • Leader/.-', i ?.:;:'
< A Once : more j an ~\ inventor ; comes sfor?
ward I with ta* destructiveT device ; that ' is*
to f make '\u25a0 war;,; more deadly. I ,o Hudson
Maxim says -* he has, f after - ; ten ; yearp',
«ffort;t perfected ? a' projectile ithatKwni.
explode only after It i has penetrated to
the f; desired % depth, i! thus % Insuring 5 th<f
maximum . 'o f C destructlveness.^ For
years \ the 'Vduel ) projectile
and- the armor : plato makers | has gone
onHvlctory X now f on ! this | ald*?i nowjj on
thel other, :\ but 1 not Vfor J long.*;!;] In> fact,"'
theik balance ;.was •so ?,well \>i maintained
thatfonejneutraJlzedithe!other^;f • •
But fwhile'^war v may?, not be ?. becoming
more fdeadly,^ there I is /no Vdoubt {that ; It
is : becoming decidedly more expensive."
This ; In i the ; end may prove , a m ora ef
f eotlyo "deterrent--^— Pittsburgh Dispatch!*
'v" Grovep Cleveland (was probably more
touched f^by.', the fgit t '$ of 1 a * loving-cup
from ;the undergraduates ; of
than * by ' anyJ others testimonial he | has
received ?durlngshis£caxeer.v* A) public
man'f maygnot f deserve 1 ; all? his t fame-^-'
that lls 'toTsay.i It J may | be I more" or,. 5 less"
fortuitous • or; fictitious. .-.; But when the
students *5 fof 5 Democratio '*g Princeton
warm -to *"\u25a0 man : y ear - In : and ; year out
and treat -him as. worthy to be one of
them, he has stood the infallible test
of character and must be of better
stuff"! than the most tolerant of hla
enemies and the fairest of his critics
will admit. V* • • What the col
legians like him beat for is the plain
ness; and .kindliness of the
man, 'his freedom from pose, his in
difference to the gallery, the 'simplicity
of * his comings and goings, his palpa
ble honesty of faith and purpose and
his detachment from any desire to be
honored . by,, them conspicuously. . The
loving-gup manifested Princeton's ap
preciation of the man as distinguished
from the* President that was. — New
York Sun. . -.
The defeat- in the Legislature of the
attempt: to. give 'local option a trial in
Pennsylvania was not . accomplished
solely .by. the ( , liquor > selling interests
and its frjends. They., fought against
it; i strenuously, . fairly .deluging, .the
Legislature _with; adverse petitions; but
many leading.. prohibitionists, on the
other hand. did. not support the meas
ure." They looked coldly upon It, be
cause local : option does not mean com
plete outlawry, of the" traffic in intoxi
cants. — Philadelphia North American.
The" official reports on' the perform
ances of the English * battleship Dread
nought on her \u25a0 run from home waters
to the West Indies have not been pub
llshed,' but hints enough have .slipped
through; the --hawser holes and escaped
from. the ship's galley and out .of cabin
airjports:to show, that' the expectations
of her. friends have been exceeded. "In
speed the record of all other, battle
ships has, it- is said, been surpassed by
more than \u25a0 ons . knot, both in continu
ous** normal ; steaming and in* dashes,
and her steadiness, seaworthiness and
handlness :. are, ; like her battery effi
ciency,, declared to. be exceptional. All
this is of special interest to our navy,
because from her virtues, which are
many.', and ; her.. vices, said, to- be few,
we 'ought to profit -in the two similar
constructions .Congress 'has authorized.
The • superiority* of \u25a0„ turbine over;recip
rocating - engines ' seems to be \u25a0 accepted,
as the outward trip ' was, 1 so far as
boiler and machinery are concerned,
made \u0084 under conditions ,: approaching
those of war. ; Indeed, : it is. claimed
that ' no other battleship has ever, been
submitted to such exhaustive tests.- —
New York Herald.
Professor: Irving Fisher of Yale,
after exhaustive 'experiments upon
forty-nine students, professors and
physicians, finds that the i non meat
eaters .outclass the meat , eaters in
such . tests 'of physical '"\u25a0 endurance \u0084as
holding .the arms* out * horizontally
against time, deep knee-bending and
goose^BtepidrilL One* vegetarian held
his -arms out more than three hours,
while/a" meat-eating track athlete cried
quits; in; nine minutes. •: • • Nature
does :' things * wastefully. Meat - eating
may not nourish ; an enduring body, but
nature does not mind , that. 'lt Is noth
ing to . her/* that :.- a 1a 1 few t thousand fat
waisted men of affairs dig their graves
with " their \' teeth 'in 'city >' restaurants:
there ar&'plenty "of rosy-cheaked coun
try^ lads to take their places. A super
abundant j diet v - feeds ; the nerves ; llt im
parts r the Itch \u25a0 for action: it ; rouses ' or
sustains ..the; combative' instinct. • The
grumbling ; Briton goes hated, perhaps,
but respected for his .: fighting spirit,
where 1 the -\u25a0\u25a0. philosophic Hindoo, whose
religion. teaches \u25a0 the sacredness of ani
mal' life, is ruled in millions by a cor
poral's guard. '\u25a0'-, Meat^ makes its ; eaters
quarrelsome, they say. Japanese school
boys. 1 though 1 , brav©^ and sensitive ,to"j>
point of honor, do not fight about trifles
like J English >or .American lads.' And
though vegetarian ; Japan; defeated car
nivorous Russia in war. Japanese army
physicians have" putmeatinto the mili
tary'diet'to* cure berl-berL 4 It ;isprob
able \u25a0 that meat is ; not' necessary -to - the
contemplative j mind." to -a Kant"- or an
Emerson." ] But could there have been a
Washington without it? — New TorY
..World, r - V '\u25a0:\u25a0'\u25a0*\u25a0-:
is no laggard In' England. A
striking ; proof ;{of '.that was 'the -swift
and stern determination of .the highly
sensational lease" of the 'murder, of Wil
liam : *Whltely.. the famous*London'mer
chant-T.' '.The * trial $of\u25a0\u25a0 ;t the "murderer^
Rayner, % lasted a" single day. 1 -; Two hours
were iConsumed>in*; getting '"a> Jury, and
the} Jury was I out" nine minutes.- *• -• *•
This; swift,'} literal : and 'unrelenting Jus
tice > may .s savorJ of ; harshness or 3 inhu
' inanity. £ But \u25a0> tha * deterrent ; '- effect \u25a0 on
crime , and ; the protection of \u25a0: society U
1 the Tend; sought;* and ; that ls;ajhumane
end.v» Homicides * are a rare i in I England.
I Probably the .„• homicidal 't Impulse rla no
: rarer 4there than j here.";- but i there it is
realized j that ; if \ a \'.- man I commits p »- r
.-meditated^murder/the^ chances ; are -*a
hundred to one that he will swing for
iitTiSThat ? is |the I difference. "^"Justice J is
swift and :*ur« r of ,\u25a0 foot: hence th ere ' are
te-Wi homicides ; and \no ; lynchlngs^-Mll
waukee* Sentinel.
43 r WO7
The Smart Set
INVITATIONS hay» been recelve-1
from the officers and ladles of tha
Twenty-second Infantry. U. S. A.,
for the dance at Alcatraz on
Wednesday , evening. April 17. campll
mentary to the officers of the Four
teenth Cavalry, who arrived here re
cently from the Presidio of Monterey.
•-• . •
The Colonial Dames assembled on
April 6 for their annual breakfast,
which 'always is an event of the year.
The tables were decorated beautifully
and were presided over *by the presi
dent. Mrs. SeldenS.. Wright and othe.-*
of the managers. . The first vice presi
dent,, Mrs. C. Elwood Brown, was toast
mistress and was very happy in her se
lection; of the toasts, which were re
sponded to cleverly by Mrs. Leigh Rich
mond Smith of Santa Clara. Miss Lau
rilla M. Hathaway of San Lorenzo and
Mrs. Grace Goodyear Kirkham of Be
necla. . Witty and entertaining speech
es , also -were made by Rev. Dr. Clam-i
I pett and Rev. W. A. Brewer of But->^
llngame. The committee in . charge or
-the affair were: Mrs, C. Elwood Brown.
Mrs. H. lv Van Winkle. Mrs. Walter D.
Mansfield and Miss L. L. Maddux.
Among those J present were: Mr*.
William F. Nichols. Mrs. John F.'-Swift.
Mrs. J. G. Clark, Rev. and Mrs. W. k: '\u25a0
Brewer,- Dr. and Mrs. Clampett. Mrs.
Cyrus Walker, Mrs. E» W. Newhall.
Mrs. E. B. Holladay. Mrs. George E.
Whitney. Miss E. M. Jones, Mrs. S. VT.
Holladay, Mrs. W. T. Baggett. Mr^.
Mayhew. Miss Sarah L. Klmball, Mr%
David G. Thayer. Mrs. George Hell
mann. Mrs. John Mannen McClure ari
Mrs. Alexander McCracken of Mara
Island.
• • •
,The next meeting of -the Monda7
Night Skating Club will take place at
the Pavilion Rink on Monday evening
next, ami as this is the last but one of
the series of meetings, a large attend
ance is anticipated. The last gathering
will take place two weeks later.
Mr. and Mrs. "Wlliam G. Irwin and
Miss Helene Irwln will leave about the
middle of May for Honolulu, where they
will spend most of the summer at their
beautiful country place. They will bo
accompanied by Miss Margaret Hyda-
Smlth. who was their guest there dur
ing the summer two years ago.
Mrs. \u25a0 George A. Moore arrived here
on Thursday and is being gladly wel- /
corned home by her many friends. Mrs. j
Moore has been in the East since lastfcA
fall, having spent several months wi*|ft t
her daughter. Mrs. Arthur Gei3sler. fit
Chicago, and since the latter*s recovery
from her serious illness Mrs. Moore has
been the guest of her sister. Miss Dv-
Val. In Brooklyn- There tJ a possibility
that Mrs. Geissler, who was a be!'. -i
here as Miss Carol Moore, will return
to California this summer , for a visit
and 'there are many hopes that* such
will be the case. Both Mr. and Mrs.
Geissler are popular' here. Since their
marriage two years ago they have lived
in the East. .
Mr. and Mrs. Thomas Eastland went
to Los Gatos yesterday, where they
will remain over the week-end. return-
Ing to town probably on Tuesday.
• • •
Mrs. James Potter Langhorne is
spending some time in Santa Barbara.
. \u25a0 • • •
Mr. | and Mrs. George Gardiner, who
arrived last week from Cleveland an 1
who are the guests of Mr. and Mrs.
Frank Findley in Sausalito. have de
cided to remain in California and wlll.^
come to town to live as soon as they
"can find an apartment. . *
Mrs. Sallie Stetson Winslow has r;^r
turned from a sojourn of ten days in*
Santa Barbara.
. . ...
Mrs. Thomas Selby and Miss Annie
Selby, who left several days ago for
the East, expect, to sail for England on
April 20. where they will. travel for a
time, going later to the Continent.
\u25a0 . . " •- •• • •
Mr. and Mrs. Selby Hanna will b*
among: those who will leave town early
in the season for the country and ex
pect to spend most of the summer at
Monterey. •
•-• . • .
'. Edward Howard and his bfother-tn
law. Frederick 'Whltwell. went from
San Mateo to Del Monte last week for
a brief visit.
._-•\u25a0••\u25a0\u25a0•
Mrs. Fred Pickering and Miss Rhoda
Pickering, who have been in Southern
California for several weeks, arrived
a few days ago at the Hotel Potter in
Santa Barbara.
Mr. and Mrs. Henry Dernham and
Miss Dernham left for New York on
Thursday and will make an extended
trip through the East.' 1
• \u25a0•; \u25a0-••', • \ • f '/
\u25a0Mrs. Guy T. Scott. v formerly Miss
Leila Voorhles^- will arrive this morn
ing from the north, where" her. husband,
Captain Scott of the artillery corps,
has been stationed for some time. Mrs.
Scott will be the guest of tt«r parents.
Dr. and Mrs. A. H. Voorhiea, for about
ten days. She will then be Joined by
Captain Scott and they will proceed to
New York, where, he has been ordered
for duty."
Personal Mention
Raymond Spear. U. S. N., is at tha
Savoy."
;' I Charles, J. Wlllett of Pasadena Is at
the Majestic.
Captain J. B. Menerde and wife of
ReTio are at the St. Francis.
i '-Arm. A. L. Bryan of Napa arrived
at the Baltimore yesterday.
Tsuyoshl Ohta and family of Tokio
have a suite at the Jefferson.
Oscar J. Smith., a capitalist of Reno,
1 registered.at the Palace yesterday.
G. D. Matthew, a wealth business
man or Brooklyn, N.-T.'. is at the Hara
lln. .
'. E. W. Churchill, a banker of Xapa.
accompanied by his wife, is at th»».
Palace. *
John Bartholomew, a wealthy linen
weaver of New York, la registered at
the St. Francis.
: Mrs. D. M. Delmas and ', Miss Delmaa
of Mountain View registered at the
Dorchester yesterday.
• - E. B. Yerlngton. one of the offlcJala
of the Virginia City ' and Carson Rail
road, is at the! Palace. '...
VMigsL. Bruce and Miss J. Bruce,
.well-known members of the New York
social set. are at the Majestic
F. Mj> Crehore. a Honolulu banker,
accompanied by hU .wife,* took apart
ments at 1 the - Jefferson yesterday. Tha
couple 'will visit Boston.
C. S. , Jackson, publisher of the Port
land Journal, is in this city. - He will
visit * thel southern : part -of the 3t.*te
before - returning \u25a0" to Oregon.
.:\u25a0; Captain : Cassefley .'of ."the British
army. . stationed ' In " China.' reached this
port from the Orient yesterday on hla
way : to England. '* He is at the Palace.
iMlss ,C. J./CartenC daughter of the
jSovernor^of- the- Hawaiian Islands, ar
rived in :* this . city lyesterday a.ccom
panied-^by . Charle»^A.,:Hartwell and
Miss '/Juliette *Hartw«ll
Tha party has apartraants at the JeCfer,
\u25a0on. \u25a0 They arm •en * route to , Washing^,
ton. D. C and otherj Eastern citlftk .

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