The San Francisco Call
, I , | -T- \u25a0 S
JOHN D. SPRECKELS Proprietor
CHARLES \V. HORNICK. '..'.. .General Manager
ERNEST S. SIMPSON Managing Editor
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CLUMSY EFFORTS TO INJURE THE PRESIDENT
THEY have begun to compare Theodore Roosevelt to Tiberius
Gracchus, which is not as bad as it sounds, nor as odious a^
the comparison makers hoped it might become with the help
of a convenient confusion of names. There is a reasonable
suspicion that'^tie • parallel was inspired by the hope that the
popular mind rmfht take hold of the wrong Tiberius and confound
the elder of the Gracchi with a wicked tyrant and persecutor of
the unholy Roman empire.
This excursion into ancient history is but a single form of the
"activities" on foot to injure Roosevelt in the regard of the people.
A grotesque example of somewhat similar endeavor' comes to us
from some anonymous literary bureau with headquarters in Wash
ington. The communication is couched in a vein of irony that is
tedious because long drawn out and done with the heavy hand of
the awkward squad. We quote a paragraph or two „ as an exhibit
in the case:
At the same time that Mr. Roosevelt's name is put before the country,
not unlikely to be acclaimed in both conventions in spite of all political
maneuvers, let an amendment to the constitution be proposed giving a life
tenure to the presidency to apply to its present incumbent, who might be
empowered also perhaps to nominate his successor.
With what absolute confidence could the American people then devote
themselves to their own private affairs, relieved from the fretand worry of
the recurring presidential struggle (with the horrid possibilities of a stand
pat republican or the unspeakable Bryan) -and the disturbances of business
conditions which necessarily ensue from it! The life president would be
able properly to live in those courtly conditions which have been recently
introduced in Washington and which seem somewhat-incongruous with the
purely democratic state. At the same time this beautiful familiarity with the
common people, with the scout, the rough rider and the frontiersman would
continue and. by its condescension,^ even : increase his hold on the popular
affections. There would be no scandalous Ananias club, for those who have,
no right to ask questions could be told no lies. »
The growth of America as a world power above all absolutely requires
a strong and authoritative executive to maintain the paramount place at the!
head of the nations of the earth to which the United States is entitled, and ,
to see that a powerful and increasing navy and an army capable of being
reinforced by a well drilled militia recruited by conscriptions are ready, in
case of necessity to enforce peace, order and justice among them.
Who pays for writing, copying and mailing* all this clumsy
nonsense? Theodore Roosevelt is not a candidate to succeed him
self. He will not be injured in the affections of the people by the
attacks of men like Colonel George Harvey and other employes
of Pierpont Morgan or Harriman.
PREACHING TO THE CONVERTED
THERE were few discordant notes in the triumphant chorus
of the great Peace Powwow now happily concluded in New
York. It is not certain that much of serious import was
accomplished, and there is reason to fear that Dr. Roosevelt's
injunction to beware of undue effusion of talk was little heeded.
Perhaps they are waiting for the doctor to begin.
There is evidence in the proceedings of this notable powwow
that even these celestial minds may on slight occasion break forth
in wrath. There was, for . instance, the rash venture of Professor
Hugo Munsterberg, a Harvard bigwig, of whom Nicholas Murray
Butler . of Columbia fell foul. The Harvard man quoted Schiller
in support of the German army system and compulsory military
service. It was a base use for the poet, and thereupon Columbia
smote Harvard hip and thigh. The wars of the colleges can be
fought as well in a peace conference as on the football field.
A certain James \V. Van Cleave, delegated by the National
association of manufacturers, felt /compelled by circumstances to
say that the United States cannot safely lose sight of Cromwell's
injunction to keep your powder dry," and this discordant reminder
was very justly characterized as a flippant and ill timed remark.
But, after all, there is much in the way things are said. Dr. Roose
velt has told us that the best guarantee of peace is a big navyi
Such is the civilized form of Cromwell's musty remark that; drew
down rebuke from the conference. Walk softly and carry ' a
big stick. < . £ v
In the meantime, President Zelaya and some other loose presi
dents of Central'' America are holding? a peace conference off that
coast under the guns of an American cruiser. In pursuance of the
humane regulations enforced by the United States navy a Central
American war is chiefly a state of mind. No fighting is permitted
within the limits of incorporated cities, and the combatants are
enjoined to hire lawyers and halls. In the old barbarous days the
soldier made a solitude and called it peace. In our hurnaner: age
not blood but language flows. The war tongue throbs. ;
A CURIOUS GOVERNMENT AND A RETICENT MAGNATE
IF the interstate commerce commission should succeed in com
pelling Mr. Harriman to answer the questions as to-: which he
. has refused to give any information some useful and instructive
light would-be thrown on the inside workings of high finance.
These questions maybe thus generally indicated :
Relating first_ to the sale by himself and Rogers,. Stillman and Gould
*o the Union Pacific of 120,000 shares of Illinois Central. - He refused to
say what price was-paid for the stock, which .was sold; to the UnionrPacific
at^ 175, yielding, it is supposed, a handsome - profit-- to : the ;four members; of
tb.C'Syridicate^ Second,^ he would "not tell; the commissionjwhether he b'wned
any.of the Chicago and Alton stock which' was'also transferred \u25a0byfsaleVtb
the r Union -Pacific- -^Ir. Harriman likewise declined -tb.repljr -to questionsVas
to whether he was; interested directly ... or.indirectly in \ UnionvPacificrbought'
in the period intervening between July 19 ; , and August 17, 1906. On the
first named date, it is: alleged, the directors of the -Union -Pacific decided
to increase dividends to 10; per cent; which -increase became effective f oh or,
about August 19. In. the interregnum, it ; is \u25a0"dcclarcd.N with'-; the, -knowledgeihe
possessed of the intention to uplift dividends, Mr... Harriman bought large
blocks of -Union. Pacific: shares from stockholders who "...were not so. fortunate
as to be on the Counsel for Harriman contended 'that- under"' the
rules of ihe road each stock holder was informed at once of a purpose to
increase the Union Pacifi dividends.* It. was" developed later, "however, in
the case of the Southern Pacific,. that the practice. of? notifying stock holders
of_ prospective increases "in dividends was discontinued, by Mr. Harriman;
Government officials assume that Union Pacific stock holders generally: knew
nothing ; about the famous 10 per cent of August; 1906, .until after
it had been declared,' and Mr. - Harriman and his' associates had reaped the
fruits of their operations. ' : •
Broadly speaking, Mr. Harriman refused to. give any informa
tion on these points because they related solely to his "private
business" arid were not, matters of public concern. His lawyers
insist that there is no object in seeking this /knowledge except to
gratify ah impertinent curiosity. There, is no doubt that such
curiosity exists because never in the history -of . Wall ; street has
any . series of .financial operations been conducted with so "much
secrecy;as: those of the; past ':• year, in which Harriman has been I the
chief figure. "Nobody seems to know exactly -who 'got squeezed in
the rush of speculation t that began with the declaration )\ of the
Southern Pacifier dividend and ended; with the recent break in Lithe
market. But there are *rnore ; substantial reasons than the gratificaV
tion of an. idle curiosity ;why this information should riot be withheld;
It is important: that the * public' should know whether: the; practices
of the insurance manipulators 'are being continued by railroad
financiers. : The life insurance financiers > used " the surpluses of the
companies . for purposes of . gambling in stocks. "'\u25a0'\u25a0 It seems that
Harriman is doing the same thing, with railroad surpluses."
£71 OME . ..sympathy is "being wasted .in the east on the supposed
:^l^; hardships "\u25a0] of the i German ; insurance "company of • Freeport;
|^^ ; which are attributed to the reinsurance reserve law;' The com l
' pany is bankrupt, and this law isjmade to bear the blame. We
find in the Chicago. Tribune the -following, hard luck story:
~ \u25a0 .'" On - December 31, : 1905/ this % company reported • its ' gross assetsTfas
$6,344, 1 38, v' of /which- $2,147,465 \ represented its net surplus land \53,996,673» its
liabilities, / Including' reinsurance\reserve.';\y
occurred, followingithe' earthquake, if, the "compahy;couldf have : drawn < freely;
upon 'all . its; resources "it "could -have"/ paid : all losses in; full: arid rremained? a
"going concern: ': Probably; no* harmfwould : haye ; been done : to" any of the other
holders ~\ of jpoliciesin the. company/; for] the; reputatioh^or paying: in r full; would
have ? helped itO^cureYnewjbusihess^Avhile -a; more rcons"ervativei: distribution
of risks would, have; prevented I . the recurrence" of any? great loss arirone city.
But as thd. law 'makes reinsurance "a" first "claim '.upon i the assets -of arf insurance
company ;the;German of :Freeport rejnjsur^d^itssuriinjured^policy;holders?ahd
paid those ,who:lost theirVproperty, iri'the^SaniFranciscb' fire?so- per ".cent^of
the value of theiripolicies.: - ' . ; :,: : ~ ' t '\u25a0-•\u25a0'
- As-, we understand -it, the German ofFreeport has riotVpaidits
losses ; onthetba^sherestat^
are;still^in|litigatiom :'The so^caHed; reinsurance reserve
td r rnake ? preferred;!creditors;of people who had lost nothing) at ; the
"expense ;" ; of rothers^w ho'! had I lost; everything.^Jheyaliditjii of these
transactions ' will lvery properly; 1^ Untested ;mU 'court of Uaw. t
J. J.- Murray- of Boston is at the
Robins. \ . f
r Venion Goodwin of Los Angeles is at,
the St. Francis. .
l E.- B. \u25a0 Symonda of Salem, Mass., is at
the St. Francis.-
;. Edward 'F.: Schneider, of San Jose Is
at; the Baltimore.
rP. E. Kramen of San Diego is a guest
at the Dorchester.
. F. H. Woodward of Boston is a guest
at the St. Francis.
\u25a0 Cleon A.,Tyman, a Salinas merchant,
Is at the Baltimore.
- J. _ W. ; Grant ? and wife , of Franklin,"
Tsl.; a_re at I the Fairmont: ' '
?% R.-.C.; Graves and wife of Seattle are
registered : at the Dorchester.-.
; ' John"G. ? Daggett of Gloucester, Mass.,
Is registered , at the [Fairmont. : . '
Z F. O." Magie arid wife of Chicago have
apartmentsat the St. Francis. :,.'
,": R.;;D.v Forest.and wife ,' of TtJoldfleld
haveTapartmentsat the St. Francis. '
; C. D. .Tillson, , a lawyer.; of Modesto;
and- Mrs. Tillson ,'V are at the Dorchester.'
r" ; -\u25a0\u25a0W.^Byi Hlnchman,* a railroad official ''of
( Sacramento,*is at" the Hamlin with Mrs.-
Hlnchman: "-.;:•• ". \u0084 .
. V Pablo :S. La yin and Lavin
of ' Durango; Mexico, -are registered *at
the St~Francls. - -
; Among ?the guests at the Jefferson is
S. i ß.;Smith,,a prominent fraternal man
and? politician of Sacramento. \u25a0
H. ; C. Alpers,' a. wealthy brewer of
Chicago, and = Mrs.*; Alpers' and Mrs.
? Alonzo Hinz . have ;: apartments at' the
1 Imperial.'; ': . /
\u25a0 Mrs. "W.^irfotenhauer,; wife of a
.wealthy^ shipping 'man; of ;Honolulu,jis
at i the * Jefferson,' accompanied " by \u25a0 her
: twb children."'. ,•':\u25a0 ;;V '[
Answers to Queries
* \ DUNNE— -A l^ Subscriber, ; City:/."!, The
; name*;;Of; Judge "iDunne. Is pronounced
as .written, not as If :t, were written
Dune." v : -\u25a0 -.-'
PENSIONSt-G. , F., i City. . ; infor
mation i relative .to ; certain provisions of
the pensiombill. write" to the pension of
fice, "Washingtoh.'D.' C. r - . \u25a0
/ DESTROYED FILES— H. 8., Hanford:
Cal.'v The. nleßroftThe; Call, havlng.been
index,,- it ."is v impossible %to V inform* you
whenrthei particular Citem'. relative;*' to
Kruger'was \u25a0 published|^^^ ; ;; ;,.:; \u0084:7 ••
Sodium for Overhead
THE j use of sodium for overhead
transmission Is attracting the at
tention of .electricians. It is
eafd to be cheap and a good
conductor of electricity; but \u25a0as its
matured affinity, with oxygen causes
it to ignite when placed in con
tact with water, its employment; In
the form of , a conductor would be
limited, "probably,, to overhead trans
mission lines or feeders for railway
i work, l The general \u0084_ process .of • con
structing sodium conductors is to take
standard wrought-lron pipes and heat
them to a. point well above the melt-
Ing temperature of 'sodium. The sodi
um is then melted In special kettles
and is run into the pipes, solidifying
when cool. There is said to be no
marked depreciation of either the so
dium or the pipe if the latter be prop
erly protected by a coat of weather
proof paint. .
For the same conductivity, the price
of. the complete sodium conductor is
much below that of , copper cables, be
ing,in small sizes not more than 50 per
cent . and in large sizes not more than
20 per cent of the'eost of copper. For
instance, a half-inch wrought-iron
pipe filled with sodium has a capacity
of 109 amperes and costs about 3 1-2
cents per foot, against 8 1-2 cents for
a copper line of the same capacity. A
6-inch sodium' conductor would carry
8130 amperes, the; cost of the line be
ing about $1.40 per linear foot, as com
pared with $5.30 per linear foot for
copper. These figures were estimated
; on the basis of 7 1-2 cents per pound
i for sodium and 16 cents per pound for
South Africa Enters
on Prosperous Era
a T. the recent annual meeting In
/I London of the Transvaal E«*
A- \ tates and Development Com
uany, the chairman told of in*
proving business conditions In Bouth
Africa, as evidenced, in the following
figures:- .' .
"The^total exports from South Af
rica in September. 1905, amounted to
$14,142,000. .For September. 1906, they
were $16,239,500. The imports for Sep
tember, 1903, were $13,650,500. For
September. 1906, they were $10,730,600.
These returns tell their own tale. The
country is producing more and spend-
Ing less. The Inflation which ensued
upon the war has run its course and
trade is already restored to a healthier
condition. In September,^ 1904. there
were 55 insolvencies in Johannesburg;
in" September, 1905. there were 37. and
In September of this year the number
had fallen to 23." ~
The chairman of the development
company stated that the land which
they, had scheduled amounted to about
I.3oo.ooo' acres/ whlth did not repre
sent by any means the whole of the
land possessed by. the company. : Its
farm' rentals at present were only $22,
000,' but it is seeking a "more energetic
prosecution of the various farming In
Foreign Millers Are
Guilty of Trickery
PONSUL GENERAL HENRY BOR
DEWICH reports from Chrlitlanla
l-» that he has received a' letter from
a Norwegian Importer of Ameri
can rolled oats, who asserts that certain
foreign millers are selling rolled oats
of their own manufacture in Christlania.
tn packages bearing labels which are
;alculated to mislead customers and to
tiake them believe thai the goods are
nade in the United States.
The complainant states that one for
eign brand is marketed in sacks
stamped .with jthe American flag, and
•urges . the adoption of some means to
protect the* sale, of the American
product. n, The Consul General writes
fc .hat although rolled oats are now man
ufactured-to a limited extent In Nor
iv-ay, American rolled oats are well re
ceived in the market by. all classes of
people on account of their quality. He
advises that American - manufacturers
may .protect their, Interests by securing
trademarks, the total expense Involved
being about $18 for a period of ten
years. Norway is a party, to the Inter
national Union, and Americans may
readily secure trademarks in Norway,
provided they have obtained registra
tion of the corresponding trademark at
home. V '
Gossip in Railway Circles
J.'^H.; BENNETT, general freight
"and ' passenger agent ; of the
Northern electric lines, Is in the
* city. In speaking of his road he
said that - all the storm damage had
been repaired and that the bridges
across the Feather river at Oroville
and Marysville were In good condition.
"We . are now 'at work grading the
line from Marysville to Sacramento and
the .road \ should be in running order
during the coming summer,", he said.
"Our line between these two points Is
shorter than trie Southern Pacific line.
,We also are building north from Chico
to ; Red 1 Bluff and "will ; have ' a* line from
Marysville, to Colusa and from Chico to
,Hamllt6n, where the new sugar factory
has been built."
, George, J. Stone, contracting freight
agent of the. Chicago; : Milwaukee and
St. i Paul, j passed ; away • yesterday • after
a prolonged' illness. He was a man. of
many amiable Qualities and was popu
lar^ with' everybody.' , He had. been, with
the ,; Southern 'Pacific for. many years
and left that i company two years ago
to ; Join "'. the forces- of ,' C. v L. Can field.
Strong* was :an ; Englishman by birth
and. forJ a number of years was 'in the
British; navy.* 'One 'time he overstayed
his leave and his failure 'to'; return at
the \u25a0 prescribed time resulted , in his r be
ing; proclaimed a deserter. Thia;barred
him from returning to England and he
came to this i country. .'.:. Strong received
his -pardon at the time of \ the ': queen's
Jutjllee, when all" military offenders
were* forgiven."/ He spoke frequently, of
KOlng back '\u25a0\u25a0 to .the old ' country, but- his
wish Vwas : never realized.'
.A. H. -. MofHtt, . who for several years
has j been >• with 'the * Oceanic * steamship
company.' has , accepted a position with
Clyde"? W.; Colby/ of the Erie, lines as
traveling passenger- agent. . MoflUt is
well iknown.in i railroad circles. He was
with the Santa* Fe" for many years.
Railroad men.; are; rejoicing over -the
fact 'that; west bound orders : are kget
itlng^lighterievery/dayeandj the [belief
is j that ; the ; different-railroad
companies will be. able to cope ade
APRIL 28, 1907
Verse Current in the
NAVY AND LITERATURE
(President Roosevelt has asked James
B. Connolly, the author, to enter the
United States Navy and put the blue
jacket into song and story.)
I - VAST! Belay! We're on our way
l\ Across the deep blue sea!
A-\ The hold Is full o' WTitln' pads
; • - For yarns as Is to be.
Ham Mable's swabbln' down the bilge.
Jack London's heavln* coal,
Bliss Carman's haulm* hawsers an* com
munln* with his soul.
While U. Sinclair Is "slushln* o* the rig
gin" ai we roll
Across -the reelln', rockln*. rompia'
Te ho! Ye ho! Away we go,
• With Henry Van Dyke tarrin* down
The bowsfn* on the- bow.
With Henry James referrln* to the for
rad weather rail
As "An obstructive metal majs formed
fairly like a pale":
While Alfred Henry Lewis serves the
\u25a0 ratlines as we sail
Across the dashin', smaahin% crashln'
Abaft the beam the searchlights
An* cast their ghastly light
On Ho wells. Bok and Lorimer
An* William Allen White
Asslstin' in the galley, or convexsln*
with the goat;
There ain't no prose nor poetry aboard
that won't be wrote
Oft watch by all this galaxy o* talent
as we float T
Across the rumblln*. tumblln*. grum
Wordman. spare, that word.
Or start an awful row!*
In youth its sound I beard
And I'll protect it now.
It was my father's switch
When I was but a tot
That made my spelling slch.
Thy pen shall harm it not!
That old familiar word.
Whose glory and renown
O'er land and sea were heard—
And wouldst thou hack it down?
Wordman, forbear to stun! 4
Cut not its hidebound ties.
Oh. spare that aged one
Now yelping to the skleaf
When but an idle toy
I sought its grateful aid;
In all their gushing Joy
Here, too. my sisters stayed.
My mother spelled It so— -
So father did demand.
Forgive this foolish woe.
But let that old word stand.
My heart-strings round tne» cllng-
Strong is thy spell, old friend!
They shall not do a thing
To clip thy old tail-end.
Old word, the storm still brave!
And, wordman, leave the spot.
While I've a word to save.
Thy pen shall harm it not!
;THE MEANING OF A SMILE
We speak in many tongues, we men
We do the work that men must do
With sword and spade and plow and
My language may be strange to you;
I may not know when you complain.
Nor comprehend if you revile;
Your preaching may be all In vain.
But we are brothers when we smile.
The Malay may not understand
'When I explain to him my creed:
The Mongol, all unmoved and bland.
May think that I am mad. Indeed;
To them the words I use may be
A Jargon fashioned to begulla:
But they extend their hands to me
And know my meaning when I smile.
Wespeak In many tongues, we men
Who do the work that must be done.
And if, perchance, some morning when
The first beam slanted from the sun
A savage faced you where you woke
Upon the farthest South Sea isle
He might not know what words you
But he could understand your smile.
The spoken word may not convey
The slightest meaning to our minds.
But from the coldest Lapland bay
, To where Magellan's channel winds.
From Ganges to the Amazon.
From frozen Yukon to the Nile
And from La Plata to th« Don
There is one meaning for a *mn«.
— S. E- Riser in Chicago Record-Herald.
quately with the present traffic If the
lull continues. MB
G.A.\ Davidson, who will resign th«
audltorship of the coaat Mnea of the
Santa Fe on May 1. la on a visit to
the city." He will leave the service- oC
the railroad company to take a promi
nent position In a bank In San Diego.
The Southern Pacific report* that
1,103 colonists passed through Ogden
last Friday and the majority of the
home seekers were en rout© to this
Frederick Herr, district passenger
agrent of the Union Pacific in Los An
geles, has found the time to tear him
self away from hia office in the south
ern city to come north and exhibit a
collection of high class canines at the
dog show. It is understood that Herr
will, send the prize winner to E. O. Mc-
The. colonist travel to the coast is In
creasing: as the time approaches for the
cheap rate to be taken off. - Eight hun
dred people entered the state by the
different gateways last Thursday.
C.H. Eckhart, representative of the
Southern ' Pacific • at Watsonville. is In
The far famed cherry orchards of
San Leandro attract to the pretty llttl©
town many gentlemen who bare no
visible means of -support and who pass
much of their time whittling: wood at
the Southern Pacific depot. - much to
the annoyance of the agent.
.In order to preserve the sanctity "of
the place, he put up , this sign: "No
loaf Ins around this depot." It hap
pened that all trains were tied up and
a weary passenger arrived at the sta
tion. His eyes fell upon the sign, and
he also noticed that the agent kept »
watchful sra2e on him.
'Finally tired of the espionage, fan
cied '. or otherwise, he accosted the
agent in this wise: "Where In the
name of all that -is pleasant do you
expect me to go when the train is
three -hours late?"
. Over, 500 colonists entered the State
last'Fr**-- • -. .I-.--. .-
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