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The San Francisco call. [volume] (San Francisco [Calif.]) 1895-1913, July 25, 1907, Image 5

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Straus and Garfield Urge Peace Conference to
Go Forward With Its Good Work
44| XDLSTRIAI, neace has for its foundation obedience to jaw, and
f that f%- applicable every »vher c throughout the \u25a0' Industrial world.
\\c often hear It «aid that the forces of Indastry fare conflicting
forces and that capita! and labor arc opponents. I do not believe It.
l» I« true there will he dSlTercnccs of oj>lulon, but thene differences will
never result in conflict If there he always In the hand, of both parties
cne parnmouat Idea, that there can be no peace unless there be a recos
ultloa of an obedience to the lew of the land,"— From Speech of Secre
tary Garfield. * ~
James R. Garficlrl, secretary of the interior, • (on the left) and Oscar Straus, secretary of commerce, and labor, whose addresses 'beforeftfie
industrial peace conference yesterday gave inspiration for endeavors v>ith~ renewed vigor to end Vs'^/e 'frc/»een\cap(faZ. : -anJ:/afcor. ; .' \u25a0'-• N '}
Cabinet Members Are Optimistic* in
Hopes for Industrial Future
T\yo members of President Roosevelt's cabinet- — Oscar Straus,
secretary of commerce and labor, and Janfes R. Garfield, secretary
of the interior — gave to the industrial peace conference yesterday
.~n importance of national scope. Both brought messages .of hope
from the scat of government and both struck notes that rang with
"Xr.tare ha< provided you with opportunities unexcelled,"' said
-aus. "'and at lies with you to make the most of them. lam con
fident that yon will succeed in the great task that is before you."
A:i audience' of 1.500 persons followed with deep interest the
v<.£ of th.p speakers., There was a
'.: s-'k sutrment of the diffltulties and
\u25a0?'i:;':rty in the prediction that in
f-.';tvJAl pea.o2 \.oijU; prevail. DJfTerS;is:
-\u25a0',s< '..- i:» tiio method o* their appeal,
t't? :wp 3o<:retar;cs. : the one a '-Veteran
'.'\u25a0. Cic federal eervice, the other
Ktsmp&d ;vlOi the virility of young
iiiiuihood, pointed the way- to* the same
c:u'— commercial liarraonj
It j.as a gala day for the" peace con
ference. St-Idom has any organization
on 'the Pacific coast been favored \u25a0»-i*h
t!ie presence of two members of the
president's official family. Chairman
Adolph Miller of the conference paid
flowing tributes to the two men and
"-..1-.anked the government which had
f-ent them.
• Nine speakers, besides the secreta
ries. oocur|ed the platform during the
<lay. They were Water Macarthur. T.
J. Healy, Professor Simon Newcomb of
the federal observatory, George Ren
:ier. Bishop Nichols, Harris Wcinstock.
IXevJ William Rader, Rabbi Kaplan and
John Ginty of the French-American
bank.
During the course of his speech Ren
ner made reference to the streetcar
strike, but acting Chairman Scott took
prompt action to prevent a discussion
of the subject.
. A storm blew up at the morning ses
sion, but again Scott stepped in and
brushed away the clouds. Professor
Newcomb had completed a scholarly
address when Hugh Craig, a delegate
from the chamber of commerce,- arose
and said that he feared "academic hi
bernation."
"Let us have less of these talks from
men who are mere theorists and get
something practical." he said. He was
about to proceed when Scott ruled him
out of order. Professor Newcomb sat
on the platform and received the full
force of the thrust.
MACAIITHLR IS HOPKFUI,
The first speaker of the morning ses
sion was TValtex Macarthur. the well
known local labor leader. He referred
to the threatened general strike a few
months ago and told how the cooler
heads in the labor movement had pre
vented radical action. Macarthur spoke
in part as follows:
I wlsb to say a word in regard to tbe fcltuatlon
In thJ».HtT. W# hare beard a gi«>at **1 «*
cabins the troulilr-s t*tw«H*n tli« emplojvr and
•-mploro In this city and of tbe danger of fur
rb«-r diepuif*. I share with my fallows in the
labor movement • fall- realization of the trouble
resulting from strives and lockouts. We of tbe
labor increment suffer most from Industrial war
fare. -aBMOAMMHBBiVHMHBBBBi
The troubles of -San Francisco at the present
time due to strikes ami boycotts and lock mi ts
•re a mere bagatelle when compared with what
iiilcbt happen. Remember, my friends, that
rhere are 1 00,000 men and women In the labor
raoTement of San Francisco. There never has
been more < has) 5.000 men out ou strike in this
city. Compare tbe Buffering, the Inconvenience,
the trovb'e involved in the strike of 5,000 men
«rith the trouble that would arise from a strike
'if 100.000 men: The situation, my friends, is
not so bad as It might be.
Two months ago this city was ' a' smoldering
volcano. Tbe fires of revolution were Just a
little below tb«» surface. *The fact that the slta
mlon was "controlled and suppressed was due to
the peace loving «nd law \u25a0 abiding • sentiment
t!:«t prevailed In the labor movement,' A meet
iryz nu pjllivl and the sentiment aai efforts of
rj.o«p attending prevented the threatened crap-
It-rr wrr* two elements in' this citr'that
Ti-«u!'ti to fight — one element at : tbe top of ; the
"k-<hl r-olumn. the other 'at the bottom of- the
tocUil colnmn. Bat between -the ansrehist at tbe
top of ;!.<» social column and the anarchist at the
Ixrttoa of the social column stood the great
bwl.T of the better, element and It prevailed.
Industrial werfare Is on the decline. .When a
man bemoa.na the. unhappy fate of mankind and
«»e» naught bat an increate of industrial strife
In the future be * looks* through- the -eyes, of . a.
pessimist: The fact of tbe matter: is r, that
*trike«. boycotts and lockouts are decreasing
ia number.
Heal j', who followed, . propounded the
rather difficult question: . "What Is :i
fair wage and a fair, day> pay? "What
percentage of ' the; product to
capital and what percentage 'to labor r."
Professor Kewcomb, urged 'that Htie
cround be carefully; studied:? by '-both
capital and labor that they might reacn
"i better understanding. -
George Renner, -; well;- known ,&b \ t an
employer of labor; : followed. •'.- He ' pre
sented both sides' of the; situation. In
concluding, he . said:^ ,"If • every ' means
! of fair play is exhausted, we have our
j fists. Stand by the nag and, the law "
' SECRETARY STRAUS SPEAKS
t. Secretary Straus', wasTthe first ''speaker
i of the afternoon. VHmall and; slight o*
j figure, he approached the platform witn
; an air that suggested timidity, but once
\ upon the rostrum he launched into ;\
j thorough discussion of the quftstion. Ht-
J spoke without notes ia a forcefulman-
I ner. urging the necessity of concilia
. tion. He pointed out the. way to the
: formation of a local branch of the n;i
j tional civic federation. Straus is really
the father of industrial : conciliation in
America. He was the founder of the
national civic federation and has gained
world fame as a practical promoter V>f
peace. He spoke as follows:
Mr. Chairman, ladles and gentlemen: 1 derm
it a very great prlvlle*,, l 0 p rcsPn t jj pre t^.
tore you and to bo permitted to speak to you
uixni a subject* that is or Interest in all en
j Ushtencd 1.-imis. in our own country, and of
(very highest and . crucial importance here in
j your t-ity. upon the question of industrial ppace.
|J I have not come before, yon with any F»t ad
• tlrrss, but I have been, asked to- prewnt So you
j tl:e experiences that we £iave. had.' in thY east
j in the formation of. an.orgxntzation to. promote
I letter nndei-standlng lietwf en the great forces
of industry— capital and lal>or.
It Is tn.r jirl vilf gc ' to - preside over a fiepart
m<nt which is wisely, unnim] the department'
of comnierce «nd labor. :: They are Indipsolnbly
connected Btri nfithrr l«!>or can thrive nor com
j nirroe can thrive un!es3 tlure I* an unOerstbiid
j Ing of confidence aud «f mutuality betwet-u those
two great Indcstrial f orces. •
You here in this city looking out upon the
beautiful Pacific with' lts wonderful possibilities
are sorely in need of that co-operation, and
mutual understanding that makes for • commer
cial pnisperity. The Almighty, has given you »H
of, the natural forces that make for the welfare
of the people oa this side of the ; Pacific. And.*
alone, disagreement among yourselves can thwart
the nilgrlity blessings that providence . has : pro
"vlded for you. The whole country sympathizes
with yon.
You have been sorely tried and you have dis
played a wonderful energy and hopefulness under
the trials to which you. have been subjected.-;
And it Is a pity, the greatest pity, that after;
you have been tried -In this way - yon ; should
be confronted with disagreement in civic affairs
and in industrial affairs. But if I am to judge
by the faces that I see, before me you will come ,
out of your trials with triumph end success.
FOEMATION OF FEDERATION
A few years ago. a number of public* spirited j
men In the clty^ of, New \u25a0 York, - foreseeing tbe !
misunderstandings that arose' from' Ignorance'
between the two great industrial ; forces, capital '
on the one side,, or the, captains of Industry, on
the one side, and the captains of labor, on the i
other, conceived a : plan and. a ; method for
avoiding many of the difficulties that \u25a0 had
arisen and .. Imperiled the • industrial prosperity
of the country.. »
So a general meeting was called in the rooms
of the New .-York board of trade and transporta
tion, of which I happened at tbe - time to . be
president, " and . we. called together - the leading
labor • leaders of tbe . country— such" men as
Mitchell, Gompers, Stone and Morrlsey, and the
leaders of the great Industries on the i other '\u25a0
hand— such men as Schwab and CarnrgK», and
representatives of - tbe .various railroads and' : of
tiiir large ! 1 industrial organizations,' , and : also
many who represented what might be.termed the
public interests, who were • neither ' captains of
industry • or ' leaders of ' labor organ lza 1 .on-- -xurh
men as , Orover ' Cleveland; \u25a0. Archbishop ; I reland.
Bishop Potter," and - many others : that I could
name. , . . .
They had not formulated In. their; own: minds
what steps to take. But :I f mriit i»ay,,to ;the
credit of, labor, that all of the great labor leader*
ot the country j cheerfully responded, to tbe call
and attended . the; meeting, and assisted us In
forming- at body, .the work of '-'which:- I will
presently refer. to, which h»« been an encourage
ment and a help to the . Industrial , forces : of the
country ; and . I am '\u25a0\u25a0 happy ;to t know - that . the
purpose, of , your; meeting .>here» toda.v.= and.;:yes
terday Is to see whether a common ground cannot
be found . upon which . a , better • understanding
oan ;be built . and : ; these ; dlsagreAnents " settled
that now ; disconrage capital \u25a0 and f drire \ it : away,
and which would be glad to come and] help you
build ' up • your? cltyi. but ; for „\u25a0 the disagreement,
that the 'country * reads t about which \ esUU *In
your fair city.'-.
TESOWIKG OF BRICKBATS
: I will deem ;, It I the '. highest : privilege if any
thing t that I can ., say i or s do , can * contribute ito
tbe j forma tion off body 1 thai :. will ' bring \u25a0 about
a better ? understanding * between ,', tbe * great 'X in
dcslrial: forces.^,; so * that \ the.- rehabilitation '\u25a0 and
rebuilding .of > youriclty; may - grow : apace > with
your 1 good ; will. \ your ' enthusiasm,^ your < courage,'
end^yonr. desertß.*,v*^^ "•.'^ v; ' \u25a0 . \u25a0'-.•: \u25a0\u25a0': . :
. The -whole :> country • and .' : every part of.: the
country la , interested ; in \ industrial •; peace. ' First
and ' f oremoM. -, It * Is . of ; the '•\u25a0 highest ; interest Ito
labor « throughout^ the", country ." that ; it V; may \u25bab*
permitted to labor regularly, nysemat leal l.v, and
that :It may J see \u25a0\u25a0 before iit \u25a0 the ?> rewards itbat
properly ~ belong ; to * earnest 1 skilled • efforts v and
endeavors. , '. --\u25a0'.\u25a0--.-.-;\u25a0;.--:
I had hoped that: in 'this 'part iof !^^ the 'country ;
where fwages^ were -high,' where { Industries > were
:TJmf.slN£^
46fT*HIS industrial question must be absolutely divorced from, all
[political considerations. Polities has pitfalls and evils enough
without mixing them up with the economic, relations .between :
capital' and labor. .This Is; In no sense a political- question and' must ;
not be madcthe tall of any political kite. This Is ,a Ituxunnltarlan ' and
an economic question pure and' simple. The. benefits that result from It
are'even greater to labor than they are to capital, becausejabor is more
in need of Industrial peace. than the paying class."— F rom Speech of Sec- . ._'
retary; Straus. "'•, \u25a0 .. . .' '\u25a0 . '. ... . _• . '" . :. \u25a0 . \u0084' ' . ,
profitable. I' would; find .. both " lnlnjr .iiirl
capital' Kvinjr - In \u25a0' happiness under tiielr own
vines and fig trees. . I " understand -< tfcatj ''. they
do live under their, owp vines and fig'trees; but,
unfortunately,, they ='tLrew_brk-kliiits frmii the
vines and fig trees on the one- side 'to tho vVws
and fig trees on the othcr'side.' \u25a0: 1 am kolii^; to
address myself now., to the brickbats. , ,-\u25a0
I have found throucbon tube years thaf.l have'
addressed myself : to the labor, question that "the
disagreements; that' have, .arisen: -haye 'come . by
reason of misunderstanding rather than from nny
other* cause. I have?, found: amonjr the. labor
leaders ' as 7 enlightened .:\u25a0 aud ' patriotic ;.. men* l as
exist among 'any class of .; our:- people.'i -I: have
found as much Ignorance: and as \u25a0 ranch"arbitrari
ness arrayed 'un, the side ; of capital hh.l- have on
the'sido of; labor. ''' We must be willing to make
mutual concessions 'for the sake.- of right and
j Justice. • ; . . ;. v .\u25a0\u25a0-:,'.
\u25a0 INTERNATIONAL PEACE . INVOLVED
So import an t ! is ; peace : within ; the Voun try tha t
I think. I ; that -If : you I . wfTl; trace'Jbe history \u25a0\u25a0 of
nations ' you , will . find : that ', discontent at , horfe .
Is the main source of breeding discontent nbrond.-
A happy /contented nation. 'at peace with herself/
never seeks "• to s. war ''upon ' another; nation.'-. In
tt-rtif)tional peace is'ludissolubJy connected with
Internal peace. "And ; no one; has ' recognized "the J
Importance of i.that Ideal \ and- of ;, that fact more';
than the man to: whom was .awardetl' two years !
«KO the greatest \u25a0 prise \u25a0 that -the .world; has lv
i offer, the- prize that -was leftjby. Xobel,' who.
left an enormous ' fortune to-be 5 devoted ; to* the, ":
welfare, of his; fellow, man throughout 'the world;'*
and one of ; his ' greatest prizes was \u25a0 tbe ' prize . to
be awarded : annually, or as often as circumstances
would ' permit '. to , the " men '^who : had ;: done : most
throughout the world for promoting international 1
pence.. ';,'%' -;\u25a0-;'.' '\u25a0 ".' '\u25a0 '.'.". '\u25a0•• '
Tlie . last i prize . awarded' , by the . Norwegian '
parliament under the will of Alfred Nobel to the ;
, man: throughout- the i world;, who (had? contributed
most, toward international. peace! was unanimously
awarded 'to Theodore .- Roosevelt, '\u25a0 the . man . who
above allmen throughout Uncivilized world has \u25a0
stood ;; like o.\ rock-rfor * the *rlghts \u25a0 of ; labor,- and I
against [ the wrongs of i labor on • tlie one side ' and
for the rights of capital and against \ the wrongs
, of : capital : on . the ; other : side. v; He ihas - devoted
that : prize— the .- amount fls * not v great, i. but > the
spirit i that devoted .It Is; tremendous— he ! has def
roted that i prize for the , promotion of indnstrlal,
peace, \ because^ he • recognized § that >'i>eace > within ;
a ' nation is . tbe highest \u25a0 surety for* peace ' amons
nations/ \u25a0"/-.'\u2666 -.;-;; \ \*~.:-',.:' r . li*- .-:, v , :: '. \u25a0 '". ', "'. \u25a0 -" '/,-'
. '\u25a0 Your : last by ," a national act - Incorpor
ated that foundation j, uunder^the-: nsme I of , tbe
' 'industrial /peace ; foundation,'.'.' and - the V trustees •
of that ;; foundation consist of ;!three.,: groups '.\u25a0 of ;
men : ; a , group \ taken . from \ the s most \ enlightened ;
labor leaders, a group • taken ; from \ the nwt pat-«
rlotic and ; liberal .; minded ' captains v of Industry,
and ?a' group' taken;; fiomithe^gen»?ral"*publlc' to
represent the general Interests. '•:; .. \ \u25a0
\- :;iTNION ? ATTITUDE "A'iMISFdKTTJNC : ,
. . That !: gives you l tbe c best " plan J for the
formation -of J your; branch ; of | the j national 'civic
federation. --. " The ." meeting !, that > was !; callej * for
the organization* of 'the : national : clvlcl federation'
was a , meetlne -;not i unlike ' this.":. But ; I am ! . told
that , "'one .-•' division '\u0084o f i your.' lal>or S todies ;. lu 1 this
city i Is : : not} represen led . here. V; Standing ; here * as -
an equal representative of labor and of comraci-cei
1- regard f *l£ as; a- misfortune rfor,;"thetui that 2 they*
have . not I the ) man joVxl " n nd ' the ' sense' of *f a trness
1 to -, come j here » and ;. united with;! you i iiir finding ? 11
.wayi"; for 5 the ; promotion *«f j industrial \u25a0 p^aco." . I
understand /that',- thcJs-more«co«scr«atl\;'r'. n'ilrt
wiserf leaders : of i f labor J have;, come J f orwanl j auil \u25a0\u25a0
shown; you \u25a0:tbelr, j wlllin(;nvi<s^ to J co-opera fi-swlt'i
you i In \ finding [at way t\o~\ promote/ the;? liulustties
of I your i clty."> and \ I •\u25a0; am .» sutej" that > tbe 7 ot ucr
section of labor,? whenytj finds Voutf.'Wltli" what
spirit %of ' fairness >; and ' what i? spirit : \u25a0 <>t I justice
J you ;• are " endeavoring ; to , find •: thej inl<UH? i way ' for
i the.i purpose \u25a0 of ; adjusting these
i come • and ; Join; you. .* \u25a0:" -: - - . ;_ . '. ..• •
\u25a0; ; lf £. it ** were :? possible,^ for jr me "; to t remain' here
longer , I j would • address ' my self . to, that:a t: body;" and
I -have. never -addressed ; myself to labor.' without
finding '\u25a0 a .' reasonable." response ito T reasonable .do
,tnands.~y' I : hope \u25a0*, that v .thej,permanentl commfttees
stbatjypn.wiH name.^the organized; body] that: will
grow * out * of ,* tb.ese i meetings,^? ! will i confer \ with
all J thel sections { of i labor,*| and iI; know; that ;they
.will succeed.? even J agalnstltheiadvicef of| some'
I leaders.l' If; such ! leaders j they Jbave/| who \u25a0 are \ bl\6
1 leading Hneni.V and 1 ; that f the |; ranks and|flleiwlir
\ Join • you ? In \ building up an ; organization ? and i a
; body^. that \ will I deal '1 fairly \ and !f Justly |wlth fill
classes 'of I labor.; and Tall -classes 5 of ,. capl tal n re."
gardless " of f every ? considers ttoajbut |of 1 fairnVss
• and t Justice. -r^SS^-gJ^gSaCSJ^l^SJjpjgfjiß^aaga
.Your; committee culled upon" me Vthls morning
I and yesterday,: andj I led vised it to proflfby the
experience; that' we: hail; !nrthe formation* of ' the
j nßtion:il\c!\ie "fecUratiun."»".nn(ir that you. should
j not >adjoura'; wltlioiit I iii>polntine \u25a0 your ; covern-"
j ing"", body," wliieli'Flioiilrt 'consist of three .distinct
proups:.- ;fifst,' « .^proup ivprt-sentlng ;<tiie 'wage
payer or the .\u25a0 employer. :\u25a0•\u25a0 Kay." select I," 'wise and
oou«pryatlvi»jUH'ii'' : meu -vriio; arc willing to listen
to reason, .men "vrlio"; will hot tnke the .position
j w'aeu a«contllct .1< Inimincnt that 'there : is notb
j mi ~t«, art)l!nitCs ' becnuse* wiicrover Thore is a
<li!Tercnce. , whether between' tv/olnrtlvliluals or
betwein.two.ccctions of ;tl;e Industrial world, no
matter, how rlsht • tin- 'one *!<!o may -I be." '. there
Is always : the question of nrhitratlon to be con
sidereU nnil-npvrr thrown ltod.
Af tt r selerUiiß} j i».u\ Rif6«p rcjircscntins the
wage .'payers, <ir -us" .they* are. sometimes"; called."
the £ ccptaliw 9!.$ industry/ >tl:en nclret' with iwl.< : .
fiom ,'your^ group^ ro'iircscntin; labfir,' i organlzf d
labor; ' select 4ne:i - v.-ho ' ar«> : at bottom ' cr**} L pat
rlotic: citizens." -for lust :uf jail iurtustrlnl: peace
Ik Iciscd on -good cltizeushij). nnd no man who is
unwilling,' to I give Ills I ability | and Ms ' enoriry ami
his effort ; to" CKtaMistilng pesce'ln tue^comiuiTnlrj;
can .he m r'icood ; clti7.eii. v < Having, selected -'IS; men
reprt Kf nf!nsr tho' labor ; >l"mrnt.- then select *.l."
jPiTh'ic,' spirited "men v.-'iio' rtti- \u25a0neither:. ldentified
,wlt'i;!ain.;rjn?ts!i<;h ::ior ,wlth . t'u-. raplniusj of .in
dustry ugsm-li;. Init ;inibilcs;>iriie(l fltlzeus.
. all' sides sErsrsfxTSD \
r And If. auyi one ; "SaS, wliy I< not organized
labor reprtsfiitfO.^as- It. was; asked 'of; us. your
answer; is,; and it'.wiH.-be.tir.o, that thella men
i ; who' rp)ircsent- tlio-'tener^l ipnblic; represent the
general publlt>| in rail; lt» amplitude^ anil filenltude
' and'irepres?nt ,unnr.canizf<] ' labor as well as' or-
I ganlzedilabor.'v The 'question will -'com»^up :be-
I fore 'yon;" 1 :Why v not ' take ; rcifrpsentatives ?of \un-
I organized' labcr }'. as i.Buch? v . Fecai;ee i ltC'is im
possible.»: An I unorganized ,- body you •_, cunnot i get
representatives' from ;conseqiicntly."-you take this
group o£.' 15 men.j who ' have , the coiiatleace '. of , the
commpnity;.. who! 'represent ; unorganized labor,
which ; should I certainly^ be , represented— for ,•\u25a0 a tter
all, • the i.Trhole^ labor'; Interest is iuterested mi In
dustrial • peaee^-and scertainly}5 certainly }. the general' public
. that S stands 1 between ; these •*. two : groups f is 1 , the
-, Innocent ! sufferer from ' thc^ conflict between ; the
Industrial ,:' forces. '_ i -• \u25a0 ' • , ,'-. ,
: 'So^with thesetliree^groupsyou have the whole
body/, of ? citizens' 'represented;. :." ; * - :
?jTheiobJ«ct.Tof. : ].thVi ( hatlonal civic' federation
has : not ibeen -.what : Is 'generally, believed, ' arbltra
tlon??'- It;.' ls : only 5 Incidentally." to ' perform - that
i function '\u25a0':»" iTlio;:,i Tlio ; :, object ';; has .' been % conciliation
rather*'' than' nrbitrutionri.TJic nntlonaKj civic
federation^ jwiilch 'J, wai S founded ~ In . New i.York
'and K to\whlch j 1 -.; ha ve i referred, \ In ; the-; last ' four
ori flvcj years I l.as \ o verte.d '. scores upon { scores-^I
might ; say..! hundreds *of * threatened j confilcts"'be
tween \ capital J ami | laliOi'/^f.Wha t * you * need j first
isianyt'xceilcnt'BPcretary^cnll him^'a s secretary
or; chairman':of » execntlv«> council J man - whose
services r.vou?canj command : flay- ami ;nlght,*Jwbo
has* no - other^ employment i but \u25a0 this : purpose ; and
object;* because; the'. work^that is necessary to be
performed i Is - ; incessant. \u25a0 ;- ' -. ' J '
; CONFERENCE .'THE SOLUTION.
-It is not " v :rvork \u0084 that ; Is ; performed *in ! great
meetings \u25a0 like,; this." hut lit Is performed Un; a, little
office. ?,; As I soon »as a •( conflict'; Is 'i brewing ? it \ Is
his ' dn ty .* to } 50 V to 1 apyi of 4 the.' members 'ot ] these
' grQvpx % thn t]i I \ have j referred \ to; and ' secure", their
ner vices rln / calliiiK \u25a0\u25a0• upon '} the . men ;. <m *4he £ one
" side i who ; are. the "' cajita In 3 j of,- 1 lie.? Induatrlea,^ and
thej laborers >on 1 the^ other," 1 , who arc I about Jto I have
the i-'confl lct.^Thf^l trouble^ls 1 1 Iw t B when 4a * dis-'
agfeciiif rit 1 of s this ikind [oecuw \ there) is j always fa'
ccrtalnj hinonn t£ "of i angry/ feeling \u25a0 eniendereii and
the irpsul t i is • tluiH lieltheri side.', either] the] labor
side \ or.fthe >' 1 inploycr 5 side, : : . wishes *to t show '\u25a0 a
.weakening \ .by coming ( forward ; to ' ask : for -a \u25a0 con
ference.'v.-, v; \u0084. '- '•':?\u25a0\u25a0;! '.' i*'i' -i \u25a0• '\u25a0• \u25a0;'.' '\u25a0 ; '," ".
X'*\ But tf the j national ,c eivlr;;.: federatioif, ; forms '-'a
neutral jgrorndt and I whenl that jlwilyjorj the i exec
utive] cntnmitteejof Ithat] body /culls ;npoh I the itwo
contcndlnsf sides 2 to gcome^ forward ;Jto3 cllkcubs
.tbelr. ; difftrrncea ; they/can 1 - liartllyj ref use;; becanse
ilalxir^ as : well : as [capital » ls ' ivit Hm niune! to : public
oplulon. ' ;, If, 'Z fur*; Instance^ rburj strpetcarg s are
iboutstotlie.3itlpili'ttp]oT».-rr l Jone'tlivlag{wi thin ithe
conflne* ! of jth lit city I i« "\ interested {In| tliat Iprob- 4
ilcm.'sfi'AtiilSlfj'lalKirlmakesjitlemnndiiJtbatf are"
within 5 vf& son— l/ain ji nkliifr^ «v theoretical Jproposl-*
: tion^au'd i the r rsjon g the « onc,l slde.lstand
flrwfandj'arbltraryTand; are { unwilling J to j discuss
j torms.i 1 J am J stire i that* such! « 1 body* as 3 you j rep
resent,! such la« body las I you J will ; form.i when Jit
f calls jupon | thesej^t wo Jcbn tending j( forces Ito J come
before^ you & tojg present^tlielr^ casef soithatSthe
pubUcfmnyl know| what f tbe ; issues | are, 1 ! neither
Further Large Buy Muslinwear Today—Pay
Ufa for v
Season's '" M^k\ ' -£s^ : \u25a0 Skirts
MHliheiy I^^f'i'l'in - Gowns
.Readir-to-Wear and Street Hats '" re- - : j "rCv J?-\ I®PlI ti Eight different lines, dozens of dif-
duced "' to : the 1 ;- clearance ; 'prlcesT6f» $2. 1 -- 'T'/s\skl- : /Jyr*Fi II \u25a0 ferent styles included in this great
. |2.so ; and $3;vV;f; Cl il/1 r ' [A-''*''W'/ab\\\lt ' 'July Clearance' Offering of beautifully
\u25a0 : -: ':'- -\u25a0:\u25a0-'_ : '\u25a0' \u25a0 . . 4^ I •1/1/ • :\u25a0 Xh ' tf.WlfHt ))\\ • -made, daintily - trimmed Muslln-wear.
ReadT.to.Wear and Rtn>*t im. V^,. •\u25a0"\u25a0• .• * m \\ .;V r j^ /WU \ \ The garments are all cut full width
S?S-S" \u25a0iSSiiS^ffi'wjKv : \ ~M ttfflvmmm mdr nd Je >f b - • Besldes T^ l T an< s
and $350 ' y \u25a0'"';' 4^l" ' */&{' : I Slrim/i \ \vA Gowns ' tn ere are many broken lines of
now ' ' J>l;/D ffl-%3 \W\ffiSl I\ \ V Drawers and Corset Covers at equally
Tri^idlkats^c^arance #»^ ff It \ 1 as radlcal redu^^
: Trimmed A /)/)\u25a0; Vl • 6:c~~92c~sLU~sUs
prices $7.50^^t0^ %9, now. ,y:. -kfrT. 1/1/ . . vS^cSSm^l -f. I '-"llJc GOWNS
Trimmed Hats, reduced to tfr i\(\ ' "^^^r^-^L^r^^ Were $1.00 $1.23 $1.35 $1.45
**™moi no ' now --^ y^-~^r^7c~-72c—^
v W^ Fancy Ribbons
, If :'you need ".-'&'\u25a0 'pretty "silk :. dress^^waist— or half; a -dozen lawn waists ac en cc P'hh ?'
for -everyday wear, be oii t hand : early r jtoday : :to 4 participate in the -final HOC* OUC. 03C KIDDOnS, «C v
Jnly; Clearance redactions in : the Waist Section;^;.-" 5-inch Roman striped ribbons,
' FahCy SHkiWaistS r \u25a0 ' :^Wrt.iiyaiSfS 65C^ 4^lnch' : poika dot ribbon. 5-inch bro-
: Ma^ broken lines-^ll regular size*, 3'^^^^ C^^^ l^ cade 'stripe, taffeta ribbons, BH-inch
however, to be found in the entire lot— B ;° ck ; we a 7*a 7* *£ \u2666? JI - L,^ \u2666 , * X v« .
,*,*; «?», v '„„%,„> t-^ a~ clearance price lots : into one big pecan stripe ribbons.
colorßiblue,,redrpink,,gray, : lavender gr bup-made further cuts on the \u0084 »• " ,'
and ):i:fancy .plaids— some >prettily already reduced prices, and now. to- 65c to 75c Ribbons, 35c a yaw
trimmed with; fine-, laces-^-Waists ' that morrow: vr ."t v ' a _ -•'•_- , -. O 'uu en j
were 14.95 to $9.50, $125 to $1.75 .White ; Wzistsi.^r> 05c,90c and W.KWDOnS, SUC 3 yaffl
;now :..:-::.y...:.y.. ..\u25a0:., ]>£.JJ $l.oo'to $1.50 Colored Waists.. ODC : Qll S3le in th e Department. -
Dress GoodiandW liquors
Close a iriost successful sale With a rush" we Plnrapple— Sliced or gra;- J««»* -Moor* AA\Vhl«key,
? have \u25a0 made- still: further reductions 'on the already . i SSk- B " « Jaf-'i «n™%Z\ ThU " d ™ °*' i!?
greatly reduced : prices of many, very desirable hues,. m - x tin . . . .-;\u25a0•.-. . . .... . . . . i7c io s«r. qtsv »iJJO»plnts.
Silk ! and iWool en fabrics. 'Material for an ew suit or :Sonp«t»rß««a»— Spanish- : rs«; trial size b0t..>25«
dress v "can ; ;be ( obtained'for. balance of week" at an • : do? bfi^t'l^fns'b fi^t' I^fns' Whi-key— C e d a r Run
average of about half regular prices. V ;-;:..'.... '.....1 230 Bourbon regularly |2.5 i
25c 'to 35c Dress fO-; ; 50c to $1.00 Dress ".Geiods, V Bromainßeloß— The favor- a sal., Thursday... |O.lf»
; Goods, yd...... ;'...' 0C, includinjr French Pru- ite desert. Thursday. M«lto . Hop* .or C*]**r
tin* oil -™.««i AiKi ' «%>» nella Waistin?" ' em- — doz.. 03ot 2 pkgs. . . .a.'»«r ThOMphatc — h sal. bot..
; J -tro6s^yd° : — 29C broldered, T^amise Fn.lt Peel— CUrpn.-Uem-"' Hl^s; qts., «3*r ptat*
! . iross, ya... ....... f»> Waistines >vov c 1 t v on or Orange. Thursday, ....... SOc
$1!25 Imported Suit- CRs :}: } - '\u25a0 -\m U 2 lbs, 45ct Ib. ..23c Scotrb Whiskey — Craw-
..lngs > :yd..V..:..V.:^»'C < now all •\u25a0 <»»/\u25a0 OyMera— Selected quality. ford, bot $1.00
Pretty' 'Fou lard \u25a0 \u25a0IO ; 1 at ' */*/v . • doz.; $1.40t 2. tins.-. . .23*? San«*r»r— K xt r a $1.50
Silks yd' : \u25a0 isC X - ;\u25a0".\u25a0*\u25a0\u25a0'"\u25a0""-\u25a0" rnitum c*r*al— Thursday. ouality. sweat or dr>*.
' *i'ftft 75r Sllkn— -Satin - Liberty j 25c^pkgs. .-;-. :. '.tOe Thursday, pal $1.03
$1. 00. Satin Foulard, cn__ Foulards and. Jacouard "? Made Lanadry Tabletn— nmpnrlum Hye — Bottl**,
yd -- •„\u25a0.;•••••••••••• Habutais." in - -.. 7P \u25a0-; -•\u25a0-'A->|abor saver, p'kff. .tOe 51.n0 and. ....... 7.1*
$1:00 :•' striped Taf- ' C/)-' small designs," jj/ 1 . starch— Washing:. 3 lbs. 1 lock Win* — Good quality,
feta Silks, yd... .'. J wC yd: . . . ;.:^ .. . . . . . .*f * / *' I ..;..... .23c gal. ....«Oc
65c Damask r : ifJF*^' fJ&~:f J&~ : : '~>~~ <
39c Yard alJjy^^ c a^
72 inches wide — un-; " l C'. ' . The $LS3 Quality —65
bleached— good patterns — m^^^fr^rmfffgnmass^aßajssx^^ *LJ inches wide — fancy colored
fine everyday cloth.* /:.; "\u2666•-'""' '\u25a0'^ aT ™ ia *^^y -.-*.\u25a0< : '\u25a0\u25a0 :> \u25a0 \u25a0 I effects'for bath robea.
side : will t dare^absent*'ltself.^"' Along ' these 'lines }
conciliation ' U^brought i aoout.'^' s "vV > >-'"\u25a0:;.'..\u25a0.." • ;'
)*» 1 7 can ?tell /you .'from v experience.^ and I ' have
no.doubtthat'the'conditlons'in: tlilsipart of fl»e
country are the- same n« on our «l<ie, that la!>cir
is : as • careful .of 'and; respectful of the 'public
opinion of [a community ax cnpltal Is.'..' And eurh
a body as .. I have , : , ref erred :_. to ; focuses • pnblle
opinion uponjwhat'areithe'rlghts.or the;wrongj
on the .side of such: a- contention as that. lam
sure, . proceeding ; along ;. the . lines : that i you have
begun. •' that., If. you: mak? \ a., wise "sel»ctinn of
your groups and select- men. with /the confidence
of .-labor a** well as'of 'caplt; 1 ! — because.; remem
ber this will not be a compulsory body:" you must
have » tbe ;,. confidence ofi'l;,)tli slOes— jou .will
befableto nccompllsh Upvcasmuch as we have
accomplished there. ',' • J
CANNOT '•• DO
:*: * Ton ..will "not 'do 'every thine. J Ijihor confiicti
here' and.' there -will 'arise :notwlth»tnnilin!i your
efforts,. but you will accomplish) much: and yoor
public 'meetings iwlU;" be> \u25a0•\u25a0 educational '^ centers.'
which ' education !s as much 'needed .by th<« ni»*n
! who control, the .' great industries "as .by the > men
j who' work t In : - them.'. 'You must ' not ? think thjt
: the: wisdom ; or -the '.lgnorance Is all. on one «lac.
i It > Is equally; diTlded: . ' ".X"
..- There : are : mar.y ! other Rcbjec'.s' In - connection
wltbthls topic ;; that I would like to talk with
you, about "and 0 may- npon ;some other occasion,
bnt jifj I ; have made > clear to you " how \to form
yqjir : organization ' and clear . to . yt*u on the Inbor
slnfc- that* If < you; wish »to ; l>c> good and* pntrlotic •
clmens-^and .I ; have found .as > many } good '.- nnd j
patriotic'^ citizens ; ' itnonj ; the ; labor - ranks »s/ 1 '
have : found iamong; the ranks^of ..the ;rieh— sn<l
perhnps >t en 'more.; so— that : they will- unite trith"
you heartily and sincerely In fnrmlnjt ri'bndy:titat
will ': lessen Itke* differences' between the - great
forces •of Industry. ". - •>' .\u25a0 "'
..' • One : word ;% more: , before closing: . , This ;\u25a0! in
dustrial .question . must \u25a0- be absolutply - divorced
from "nlliM>olitlcal consideration*. Politic I has
pitfalls? and .without ; mix Ins"- them
uplwltblthc/pcononilc rpl.itlons: between capital
and labor.s:j.Tlil» Isln -.no'seav \u25a0.' poll Meal fi«es- s
tion- andSmnstr not ; bf made.- tbe 1 tail . of any
political I kite;" 7';. This .Is;a; humanitarian'; and' an
eccnomlc/qupstion pure and ?lmple. .•;
. :The^beneflts 'that," resiiH from 'U. nre^crpn
greater.j to . labor ; than 'they ' are ,to < capital.' 1 , be- \u25a0
r\l\Jl V THDPP
wORi DAYS
Of the Big Kohl^r& Chase Sacrifice
Sale of Pianos
In All the,Histqry of Piano Selling No Sale
Ever' Offered Such Inducements
Sale Positively doses Saturday; Night at\ 9:30—
: ( . The number. of pianos disposed. of. ex- | aither . in- ca.3h 'or part ; payment and
ceeds : by,. far' thatTof anyjprevious-sale,*j left ; with '.usUwith'llnstruetloris ;to ile-
and" ; we 1 -:'are'.-. going v to t ", make? this. " oiir f liver ?,>. this;.:. fa!l-^-t here's a-Vreason" .foi
last "week; 'the i ßanner', -Weelc of. f-'all. j-suct!ibuyiriE. i? tind ,its;bargralns.: r hot :tho
,TheiSalc'Hvill '\u25a0; positively -cltfse ! Saturday ordinary^bargralns.^ but .bargains ;,that
at •\u25a0 9:30- p. a *nV.. \u25a0 Ho*v.-;«rc 'wf, p:olnjc to San buy.crs/ ha J never Tseeh
accomplish It f b -.\> By ,! again ? going'; over before. 1 - '-.We r have bargains; to fit "any
our fstocki'iespcclaUyy slightly J ;used : , and pocketbookt as'^lonp asi they, last. -or ;
planosf returned vfromy rentals^ and; all untils^aturdayVnlght.- \u25a0•' * : . v j
piarios ; taken:; iivevcliange; for -Webers.- *', Jo7." and. sl47.' for^ new jjrSOand' J3OO |
Stecks;<Fi3chers,S'Kohler,f &\u2666 Chase ; and pianos."*. . '\u25a0\u25a0'\u25a0. : - ' '-
pianolfV Pianos— whiclv have;:been : - put .:$69. Vi $1*43 and $173 . for .'good. -slightly !
In goodi'order— also . new pianos., not used and V second hamls. j
coritalriedVlnjlatesttcatalog-jes.imarklng v : $ is3^iolsl93ifoV finVs^3'td $350 new '
them^Do^nlUo.the'i\owest lPr ,c e s ; ever >,';.-. V •-- !
iliSSiSlilil mMm#^m -
bearllnTmlrid— thisTweekTonlVl^todaycis tojsult'your. con-
better ''for choice— only Uhreel^mofe"" y e n?.«»£e^iStore;open,; evenings; He-
days-^Thursday,t Frida"y^and;V Saturday member ithe plao?. corner "Sutter and
"u"ntUl^:3o|p:ilm/J£iyalue?and;?cost|are 1^ 11 "! B .^ l^? I*'1 *' p"*' l3l^ above Van
rostFBight|of|for4these|three» r days. : Ncsa.ayenue.. \u25a0;. ; ,
: far JS.y JCLLiXjXV • 05 OilAOli.
cause lcbor. ls more^ln need ;of i lßdu»trlal; peace
than "the -paving^ class *Is * in "! need of ! .tt.' V- The
rich" man .with " a ; great factory \ ni^il \ not \ starve
If his \u25a0 factory : Is 'closed . for ( a , month or a\- year.'
butVthe laborinjr'iman ca ne«t' wait over, months
and^-yea'rs for. a conciliation. ;Thereforc a great I
resoonslblHt.Vi'rests upen . the;, labcrlag man ,t«i
preserve •. industrial 'pcate, ,' and i they are not too
obtuse'' lntellcctcally to ; appreciate that. fact.
But 1 . -, trfl ', yofc,* gentl-men. faronnd the . round
trble'a. conference between. the man" who earn*
hi* 'living- by * the ! sweaty, of. -bis braw'nnd . the
man ; who earns, his 'living': by w»kel»ss night* —
because cspltal and the reßponslblllttes of capital
are ' not ; always " conducive . to good M?ep — what
you'nfed'is a omlng together.*, for you will find
that by ' a mutual understanding nine-tenths of
the: difficulties wilt dLsappmr. and yon will cer
tainly be smt-esufnl \u25a0 in : doing .. as much as we
bavc don?, and I wish you Ooil tpeed.
GARFIEI-p "GIVES VIEWS
Secretary Garficld. was the . next
speaker., "Introduced as . "the distiri-'
BTuishedson of & distinguished father,"
ho made a.vljrorous plea for:observan<'e
of the .. law. V He /spoke: as follows:
Mr. Chairman, ladi's and gentlemrn: It is
an . unexpected ~ pleasure \ that I ;' have In being
able . to, come bore ' to speak . with you for a few
moment'n :nt \u25a0 this Industrial peace confrrence.*
.:.\u25a0 Industrial -pe»c* hes.for Its" fotmdation obed
ience to. law., ami ' that .Is appllcnble everywhere
throughout, the Indnstrlarworld.^ We often have
1 1 "said " that the < forces In * Indnstry \u25a0 are . con
flict Ing forces." that, capital and labor are oppon
rnts.r I ' do not' believe : It.'. . Capital and labor
must;worfc tpfpthrr_lf the best .for, both Is to be
obtained' It: Is troe. there will be dlfffrencM of
opinion between ' labor " ami capital. ." but those
differences : of i opinion " will never") result :In con
flict^ if* there "be' always- In.the.lands :of,; l>oth
parties; the one naramount_idea: ; that -there , can
be ' no .' peace » unl»f3 i there ' be : a.* "recognition of
and an ob^-llrnco to t!ie law of the land.
-'•As I. 'have -said. 'this -applies fqunlly to'both.
Iff t!n»,' 1 loader* of ; capital. . tf. the ; man who h»s
mnrh'and hrs !nT»«te<l mnch. If he. who employs
many^and seeks^to-employ. more." If^he' ttSio has
Continued.' on I'ncc C Cclnma^i
Ithe Public
j is not skilled in tea and
1 is entitled to* protection.
1 Our label —^^our brand
1 Folger's
I -Golden . W<^^\ ]
I Gate :gi -J*- v
§ w Tea
I Tea,-
I protects the tea drinker.
I Our reputation is -back
1 of every package of- tea
\u25a0 bearing our brand. . Fol-,
| ger's Golden Gate Tea
£3 means quality —purity—
I tea satisfaction. . v .
1 J. A. Folger <ZL Co.
M S»a rranclico .
H \u25a0 Importer! of Pure Ttti
THE GALiFOSNIA PROMOTION COMMITTEE
(Orsnalsrd 11UKZ) \u25a0
riiOMOTION:- Tbf «ct o.» ' proraotlas; id-
ranorfflrnt; ENCOURAGEMENT.— Ceatnrj Die*
ti.«oary.
fpH^HPQVSr < - .-\u25a0-- - '\u25a0. jsHpHBBBSJWBIf
Th» Cnllfonkl-t Prornotlua comtnlttr* ba» tor'
Itt objfrt tti«> FKOMOTINti or CallforaU -MM m
It h»» nothing to •*!!.
i It* ••nergto? nrrrifroxrrt to fc«trrtnr «U tbfass
tbai ha-r» tb^ AIiVi.MIKMF.NT of California aa
ttt«-lr object. ...
: It flTf« reli»M» lDfnrnMtton «o »T*ry «wbject
r«nnr»-»"»«» wltU'thi" lmlu»frl»»!of r»llff>nil»."
i ; It .^T»»>ENCOURA«KiIKNT' ; ti'tbr •vfahllnQ.
ni»>ot <of n<>« lm!u«rrli'« anil ln«lt.-» • rfpalrmbl*
in>mt?ratlop' ' ; " \u0084 . . .. \u25a0 . ' . . . .
U 1» not : »» employm^nl ac»m?r. «>lthnnj;b it
plrt-» liifnrninMw. r^ffanilivj laN>r f»mUtloa«.
It pr>««»nr» lh» rj.p<irtinilflp» »nil ner«li la all
Bfld« »f Mi»lo«f!«» ami provisional . actl»lt/. ,
; •-\u25a0- TV" « «*»nmltf ** \u25a0'. l» " «upp«rTi«l . br * popular : eat»- ;
«~r!ptloo «n.l in.tk>-H ao ebargr* f or aay , a«r»lc«
I rw3il«r»<l. . . -
' ..."Affiliated \u25a0wJt^ th» : >ommltl#>» are 160.com-
j iu»rrlal orotnUationa of th? »rate. wttb a men-
I brr»hlp «f nTfr.2rt.fJoO. * '-* , ~. '
\u25a0• M^-tln^, ar»' h»M PfmUnaatllr :In different •
i p»rt»f •>f-«:allfwnl*;wbfre matter* of aute la-
t i*t«»»1 -«r» ;»ll; »ll« > «»Bed« - .•\u25a0_ -: ': "- - ' -••
* H*.i<lqaart»r« of tl.» committee are ualatalaed .
Is .Sid Fru oc I>ci> .la \u25a0 Califoral* ;, bull Jlas. .\u25a0 L'aJoo
SQiißr*. 1 - ' -^ .'.
rORRESPONDKNCB INTrrXD.
'.wm Today
\u25a0 , \u25a0 <&• -\u25a0- ' '
with your -]i
\ads for, .
Cali .
5

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