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The BanPranclsco Sunday Call.
BOOK PAGE OF THE SUNDAY CALL BOOKS REVIEWED "Roman Sculpture," by Mrs. Arihtcr Strong, LL.D. "Pausanias," by Charles William Kennedy, Ph. D. "A Woman 's War," by Warwick Deeping. "Savonarolaz The Prophet," by W. H. Craw ford. "Socialism; Positive and Negative," by Robert Rives La Monte. "The New' Apocalypse," by Henry Craflon Chapman. "American History," by Roscoe Lewis Ashley. "Roman Sculpture" By Mr*. Arthur Strong. IX. D. Imported by Charles Scrlfcner's Sons, New York. Price $3. THE time has come to readjust cur rent vlewe on the relative value of ancient Roman and Greek art, \u25a0 particularly in its plastic expres sion. t Mrs. Arthur Strong, formerly Eugenic Sellers, has pointed the , way In c. volume entitled "Roman Sculp ture," recently imported and published la this country by Scribnere. In this volume she deals with the sculpture done In Rome during the three and a half centuries from the close of the republic to Constantine, or. In other words, from the establishment of the imperial idea to the triumph of Chris tianity. Some idea of the Importance attached by Mrs. Strong to the claim of this period to earnest consideration xaay be gained from this statement: "I have myeelf long ceased to look upon Rome as the sole or exclusive seat of artistic production, or *»yen of artistic Influence during that period, but I regard her as the main center whence radiated the Ideas which animated or refashioned art throughout the con temporary civilized world. I venture to deplore with Riegl the materialistic distrust of all spiritual factors, which obtains in the modern science of arch" aeology. Not that I would return to a prehistoric interest in subjects alone, or to a Ruskinlan toleration of bad and poor works of art. for the sake of the subjects that appeal to our fancy.. But the measure of artistic achievement is In proportion to Its •access In expressing the thoughts and themes which inspire It." Bo the avowed purpose of the book, besides its function as a contribution to the history of art. is to measure the Impulse which took its flight from Rome and to stimulate among students in terest in an important period, forgot ten and neglected. Experience, study end rare intuition in matters of art glva authority to Mrs. Strong's opin ions. In a lucid, pedagogical style sh« has presented the matter attractively and with refreshing simplicity and sin cerity. Mrs. Strong is an associate of the British school at Rome and a cor responding member of the German Im perial archaeological institute. As librarian for the duke of Devonshire at Chatswortb she has been able to bring ir.to her life congenial and enriching: Influences, affording splendid opportun ities for study, as well as riving a fitting" environment for study. To an ' age accustomed to awarding: first place In the ancient world of art to Greece, this exploitation of Roman art of those early centuries Is of dis tinctive interest. It will, make the reader think of the Romans as other than soldiers, great admlnstrators and great writers. The fact that / Roman sculptors were consigned. for so many, centuries to a limbo of art may be charged against the Roman writers, •who, for some unexplainable reason, lamented the decay of art in their time. So much that was good in Roman sculpture was taken to Eng land in the eighteenth century that it is easy to see that the treasures of the Eternal City were not guarded. The EorllEh did not take home the statues and all sorts of treasure trove because they were enthusiastic about its in trinsic'merit, but because it was the fashion for travelers to bring back aome spoil of ancient art to adorn their English estates. Indorsing her Judgment as to the artistic value of the Trajan column, the most familiar of the Roman mon timentß. Mrs. Strong cays that Bernini, at once sculptor, architect and his torian of art, declared that the reliefs of the Trajan column were the source whence all the great men had derived k the force and grandeur of their draw ings also that Michelangelo, on first seeing the Danae of. Titian, exclaimed that had the Venetians only known how to draw no one would look at the works of the Roman. school: but that, on the other hand. It was only, at Rome that they had such ft model as the Tra jan cclonm. Mrs. 6trong. further calls attention to the fact that Raphael and his pupils studied the column repeat edly and sketched its reliefs. Repro ductions of these famous reliefs give pictorial evidence of these, claims. One of the most convincing chapters of this "Roman Sculpture"' is an analytic con sideration of the Trajan column, the sentiment expressed being explained as fully as the technique of this plastic triumph. \u25a0?? • ! \ For the first time this volume pre sents photographs of the newly dis covered fragments of \u25a0 the Ara Pic;s discovered by the archaeologists in 1903 under the Palazzo Fiano. The story of the finding of tho fragments of the Ara Pacid, the altar commemorat ing tue safe return of Augustus from Spain and Gaul, is one of the~ most significant subjects presented by Mrs. Strong. Reproductions of, medallions with hunting and sacrificial scenes give their evidence as to the historical value of Roman sculpture. More important yet -are the stories to be learned from the sarcophagi. Special consideration is given to the sarcophagi of Hadrian in the Lateran and the sarcophagus in the Hermitage with the legend of Orestes. v Of the Arch of Constantine It Is said that it was an abiding inspiration to the artists of the Italian* Renaissance, who looked upon It as the visible em bodiment of the glory of antique Rome. A large number of valuable reproduc tions of the reliefs of the Constantine Arch are used, their significance and their technique discussed.- Roman por traits and coins are also carefully con sidered, as good examples of sculptural expression. Mrs. Strong's presentation of her side of the controversy between the value of ancient Roman and Hellenic sculp ture is unquestionably vigorous. Grant ing that the student of this volume, after giving It Intelligent reading, re mains loyal to the Hellenic expressions in sculpture, he will always be grate ful for Mrs. Strong's contribution to the of art. Her book has good reason for being. "Pausanlas" A dramatic poem, by Charles William Ken nedy, Ph. D.. and James Sontball Wilson, Ph. P. Published by tlie Neal<r publishing company. New York and Washington. Price 51.25. Pausanias. a Spartan general re nowned for his valor and Integrity, led by his; love for Cleonice, a maiden of Byzantium, dreams of the power and glory to be won In Persia «nd enters into an intrigue with Xerxes, tho ene my of his country. The discovery that Cleonice is In love with the youth Lys ias urges him to attempt to win tho maiden by force. Cleonice is acci dentally slain by Pausanias' own hand. Her death brings his better nature to the surface and he hopes by quickly abandoning his agreement with the Persian king to retrace his steps and keep his fame untarnished. But his contemplated treason has been discov ered by one of his generals and an In surrection is started against him. Just as he is taking steps to suppress the insurrection Lyslas, the lover of Cleo nice, 'enters his chamber and Pausanias is killed. The story is told' in three acts of verse which Is always . smooth and pleasing, but seems never to warm up to its subject matter. Pausanias, in his declaration of love for Cleonice, never gets beyond a fine, classical pas sion; the scene wherein his son, Pleis naxus, unwittingly brings to- his mind memories of the wife and home that he is about to leave forever is much bet ter. Perhaps the best thing in the poem is Cleonice's song: , The Joys of youth are dead tonight; < Tbe laorel rrown, the whispered praise. The dreams of yonth are dead tonight, Aad all tbe unlived bappy days, Tbe year* of quietude and peace. Tbe client noon — tbe evening: light; Years die away and visions cease. ;• ' The hope* of youth are dead tonight. • • \u25a0•»,.-• . • •\u25a0 . • \u25a0 . Tbe eyes of youth are dim toalght, ' And all the phantoms of the mist. Tbe rolee of youth Is still tonight. Tbe songs' up«nng — the lips unVlsied. \u25a0 Tbe summer's rose hath blown away. And all the paths of Time are white, Ab, Winter whisper It to May — Tbe heart of youth Is dead tonight. "Pausanias" is the first effort. In the poetic drama of< the collaborator*. Charles William Kennedy of Prince ton university and James Southall'Wil son of the College of William and Mary. . Dr. Kennedy is the author of an artistlo translation of Cynewulf's "Juliana" and Dr. Wilson „ has ; recently written a life of "Alexander Wilson — Poet- Naturallst," published last falL Uku k Woman's War" By Warwick Deeplag. author of "The Slan derers," "Bess of the Woods," etc; Pub lished by Harper & Bros., London aad New York. Price $1.50. i\u25a0" - ~-. ; .:--,- . Physicians"-' families,^ and 'trained nurses will find no fault with this book. To them, the disoussion of the intimate details of laparatomy is an evorydax affair and it is even difficult for. them to realize how squeamish the ' layman feels when such subjects are mentioned. Warwick Deeping has heretofore con fined himself to medieval romances! and the i Jump from the middle ' ages to the practical, almost sordid modern present UNA H. H. COOL Is so great a change and surprise that one cannot but comment upon It. "A Woman's War" had better/been called "A Persecuted "Woman," for It deals, -with the hatred and Jealousy of one woman for another, and her scheming and untiring labors -to en compass the ruin of the hated one. The setting for the tale Is a small English country town. The women are" the wives of rival physicians. The one, James Murchison, is the favorite In the countryside, having reached the top rung o£ the ladder.. His rival, Parker Steele, is struggling upward. Pr. Murchison's wife, Catherine, is a happy wife, the devoted mother of two children. Seemingly there Is no rift In the lute of their perfect happiness. Betty Steele, the other's wife, has no children and her envious^ and selfish disposition is so plainly shown that she is not n popular in local society, while Catherine is on terms of Inti macy with the socially great, a: fact which 'intensifies the hatred of Betty for Catherine. The happy Catherine has a dreadful secret. She has discovered that her husband, one of the cleverest in his profession, the soul of honor, and generous to a fault, .has in his blood a dreadful hereditary taint: his father and grandfather had djed of drink and he himself had given way to the temptation in his college days. But for seven years he has had the desire under control and only after long ner vous strain and overwork has ha given In to It. Only his wife knows of it and she has set for herself tho task of curing him. . -\\---i At*this Juncture Murchlson Is called in consultation with Steele and in- Btantly discovers something whloh Steele should have seen with- half an eye. His- sense of honor and .the ethics of the profession make him keep his own counsel so that Steele's reputation is not injured In tho family or the town. This forbearance, instead of making Steele grateful, turns. him more vicious than ever; he awaits his oppor tunity to injure Murchison. The work ing out of this part of the plot is very cleverly handled. Murchison gives way to his appetite and blunders in an operation and Steele. called in aft erward, hastens to testify against him. If one can forget the medical details and read only the story, nothing but praise can be said . of the book. The picture of charming English homes and charming English people is limned with rare skill' and. the character draw ing is superb,\ especially as to» Betty Steele, the "high light"' of the com position. : ;• • "Savonarola:. The Prophet" By W. U.\Crawford. Published by Jennings &. Graham. Cincinnati. Price SI. This is a short biography, written In an easy st3'le which takes the .reader through the life- of Savonarola from his childhood to the day of his martyrdom. The author displays a sympathy with the alms and aspirations of his subject, and withal a tolerance of the Domini can's enemies, which shows him... a worthy biographer of Savonarola, who being put to the torture,' said, as was said on Calvary: "Father, forgive them." ....... '»- Mr. Crawford makes a careful analy sis of Savonarola's character and quotes copiously from his 'sermons, giving: In full many of his prophecies which had so profound an Influence upon the minds of the people of ' Flo rence. ;The descriptions of the L.enten sermons in the Duomo, with their thundering denunciation^ of the princes and prelates of Italy, and their,- effect upon the | audiences, are very effective.' Here is an interesting- account of an attack upon Savonarola's monastery by a Florentine mob, Just before his ar rest and trial: '.'The attack on San Marco became more desperate as night \u25a0 deepened, until finally the walls were scaled, and the mob entered. • •• Then they broke open the door of the choir whero the friars were praying:. Thusi sud denly surprised,. the friars seized any thing within reach and rushed upon their assailants. It was a strange Bight! Crosses,- torches and hllberda all in the air at once! The great bell of the convent sounded an; alarm, and the struggle was on In earnest. '*. Vlllari tells a thrilling story, of the; daring and heroism of these friars in defend ing their monastery; how -Baldo Inghirlami and 'Francisco Daranaatl dealt vigorous blows; how Lucca .della Robbla chased the foe 'through -C the cloister, sword In hand ;- how Fra Bene detto and a few associates i mounted the roof, and repeatedly drove' back the enemy." with a. furious- hail v. of stones and tiles; how/. several of f the - monks fired their muskets with 'good result*; and how a. certain Fra Enrico,' a young, fair -haired German, .-particularly?: dis tinguished himself ..? by I his". ,' prowess; swinging, a great" halberd, he "accom panied each : stroke,: as it fell , upon- the back of "a rioter, .with -the \u25a0 words/ : VO Lord.' aave thy people!'" " "Socialism" • By W. H; Manoclc, M. A., of England. Pub llahed by the National ; Cltlc • federation of New York. - • .-,. \u0084 This little pamphlet contains' 1 a series of lectures delivered, at Columbia; Har vard, "Johns i Hopkins," the ) of Pennsylvania " and .".University .'\u25a0:< of Chi cago under ? the auspices of the publib lecture bureau of ; the National olvlo federation. Mr. Mallock: goes carefully through the teachings 'of socialism, from Karl "Marx,. the father of the great cult, down to the" so. called j Christian socialism of the present day. The lectures are really a series of discussions on the various arguments brought forth by the socialists, and, are written In a clear, logical and scholarly manner. After the . many extravagant articles and books on the subject, written with' so much bias that some of them are! humorous, it is a relief to the thinking \u25a0 student to read these sane, well balanced ' and : carefully thought out lectures. : : Mr. Mallock urges all people who claim . for ....themselves the name of so cialists rto submit themselves to, the discipline of- preliminary, scientific in quiry. ;A" .-..-. .\u25a0"•'.\u25a0 \u25a0•;•";..: \u25a0 \u25a0 -' : ;\u25a0". \u25a0". •V;,;v "People are persuaded," /he says, "that under the existing order of things many evils exist. ' They are persuaded that. those evils are due: to- the general constitution of society, that these evils would disappear were "that constitution altered. •;.*;•'•- 'They are like men traveling on a rough, hilly road, who, impatient of the difficulties; propose, Instead of improving the road, to take :a short cut toward the point desired. across a quicksand." "The New Apocalypse" By Henry Grafton Chi>nmati.' Pcbllshed by , George G. Pesk.'New^ York. ; Here is a poem In blank verse de scribing a vision of the return of Lucifer to heaven at the close of .the "fourth "millennium.". The fallen angel lias, '''during the many ages since his expulsion, gradually won the people of the earthy to', a -belief in his view" of things, and now! returns enlarged in wisdom and .experience, to enlighten the inhabitants of^heaven and to per suade them' 'from;;' their,> superstitious obedience. lie finds; his -ancient homo little changed, f though '.j the following quotation might, suggest*- that modern improvements had crept in during *hls absence:-" ; ; ; : : " '' ". • '.' *..?'*\' "And found a silver . grille through \u25a0\u25a0 -which they. passed ; To stand within a cage of silver : bars. • -. •' ' ' •. \u25a0 '-'*?\u25a0:'..*. - •.\u25a0 ' -\u25a0 • Such .an one now. closed. ' . \u25a0'\u25a0\u25a0'•, On Its, smaragdus. wheels,, the. clanging gate:-. ' ;,".'- :. ; " v --'-;: ' ' . : " " ,-\u25a0"- . \u0084 Whereat the ." quivered; than like a bird; t ; I. . . : Shot up,. and up,; and ; ever* upward ' flew Nor stayed, thoughthailed 'by many a ; 'hand^and; voices . ; . Of waiting ( spirits, I- on ' the vanishing .; ...floors ''.-"'-/I'.'; :':\u25a0':-, . ,', .:;';• Past which they sped,; .until the top ** was .won." An elevator In heaven is a distinctly new Idea; quite '-beyond 'the. wildest imaginings of even the sacrilegious Voltaire. ; i»s)^ "American History" By > Boseoe i Lewis Ashley, 1 snthee - ef « . "7%» American Federal Btate," /ete.T PnbUshea by the \u25a0 Macmlllan : company. \u25a0 Price SUiO. , . r/Thls book is; one with a' severely def-, mite purpose. "'lt' is^lhte'nded, as a text book; for^u«e': in secondary schools and follows a method which the ". author, has found I ; satisfactory. 1 / In>j his 'own ';; large experience -as a^ teacher. " V .'.,": It ? covers I the (entire ; history -. of j the country to the present date and is most abundantly ;fujnlshd Vwith I ; helps* for. the student and " teacher ?In I the . way *of ref erences, -^ review* "questions," ; etc., v than any-; other * : book Xwe § have In eplte -of s'theV hundreds I of }. histories - of this country In common usa in our pub lio; and private schools there is i room for this, -: for/, th» | text ; Is .»o 2 oarafully prepared that little or no .criticism can be made against It. '-\u25a0 ' \u25a0 y Gossip of Books and People Who Make Them "Mrs. Mary: Dillon, author of "The Rosa ; of Old- St '.Louis," Is spending the summer at Ann lsquam, Mass. . "; The hew! Thumbnails this fall will be Henry >W.V Longfellow's "Tales of. a Wayside • Inn," ; Charles Dickens' "Seven Poor, Travelers" and "The Holly Tree," I and Robert Louis Stevenson's "Travels v With . a Donkey." The designs for the stamped leather covers will be, as be fore, -the 'work/of .Mrs. Blanche Mo- Manus Mansfield. • - "•- « I ' /Mrs. Kate Douglas Wiggln has sailed .from England ;to spend the summer, as usual, at her. country place in Hollls, Me. Her latest booic, ,"New Chronicles of ' Rebecca,"^is one of the two best selling books in the United States. accordlng to , recent; reports ) from tJo* bookstores., ;. r :'-'j v**?'^.v* '•".' *"""\u25a0' -" ." v It Mimi to be a great consolation to many goo d ' people that Frledrl aft Nlets sche, the j, revolutionary Polish-German philosopher and - poet," went f mad. VNo other,* exijlanatlon of his * bewildering aphorism* « Is % necessary, . they , think. after that. But t&s \u25a0;. erlttaal : mind et Europe finds It not so easy thus to dis pose of his vigorous and original gen ius — the prophet of tho "Superman." Nietzsche Is now the "war cry of op posing factions" In Germany and France, while In England he is the chief subject of controversy In the new art and philosophy group or the Lon don Fabian society — an Intellectual center which attracts such famous de baters as H. G. Wells, G. Lowes Dick inson, W. B. Yeats and Bernard Shaw; and 'one of the members of this dis tinguished group. A. R. Orase, editor of the New Age. has Just published a valuable study of Nietzsche. whoi« "arrival" he terms "the greatest Euro pean event since t Goethe." — Current Literature for July. * Hall Calnc. who has Just finished his first visit to Egypt and the Holy Land. Is now at his home In the Isle of Man. where he is writing a novel, the first Installment of which will appear In an early number of Appleton's Magazine What manner of men ara those peas ants of thetMldl who are shakins the government of Franca? There Is a sur prising dearth of knowledge of them. The best account In English la Miss Rlokert's recent novel. "The Goldsa Hawk." the seen* of which Is laid ta the south Midi. F. Marion Crawford has retuvned to Italy, after a short visit to this coun try. During his recent sojourn in the United States he read the proofs of a large portion of the first volume of his forthcoming "History of Rome.** This work is planned to fill four volumes, and will be published by the Macxnlllaa company. The first volume will ap pear some time this winter. Mr. Craw ford is still engaged in wrltlns fiction. but most of his time is davot*d to his history of Rome, which he hope* m make the crowning work of his liter ary career. Books Received "Hamilton's Arithmetics." S vola., by Samuel Hamilton; American book company. New York. "Laboratory Exercises In General Eoology," by Glenn W. Herrick; Amer ican book company. New York. and Oral Composition." by Martin W. Sampson and Ernest O. Holland; American book company. Saw York." "Natural Introductory Geography," by Jacques W. Redwary and Russell Hlnman; American book . company. New York. "Natural School Geography." by Jacques W. Sedway and Russell Hln man; American book company. New York.^»i "Missionary Growth of the Methodist Episcopal Church." by H. . K. Carroll; Jennings & Graham, Cincinnati. /"School and * Festival Songs." by John E. Shirley; Americas hook company. New York. .\ "The Artistic Teraperamsct.** by Jane Wardje; McClure. PhHlfps & Co. New York. "A Brief History of the United States." ,by .John Bach McMaatar: American book .company. New York. "Home Gymnastics on Ling's Sys tem.'.* by Anders "Wide; Funk & Wag nails company. New York. "Recollections of Men and Horses," by Hamilton Busbey: 'Dodd, Mead A Co.. New YorkJSSMMPI .. .>_~. v "The Thinking Machine," by Jacques Futrelle; Dodd. Mead & Co., New York. "Davenant," by Albert Kinross; Dodd, Mead & Co.. New York. "Mr." Barnes. American," by Archi bald Claverlng Gunter; Dodd. Mead A Co., New York. v ."Tht Penalty." by Harold B«*bl«; Dodd,> Usad * Co. TSw Tork. .