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The San Francisco Call JOHN D. SPRECKELS Proprietor tHARLES W. HORNICK. 1 .General Manager ERNEST S. SIMPSON .Managing Editor Addreaa All Commpnicatlona to THE SAX FHAXCISCO CALL Telephone "Kearny SB"— A«lt for Tbe Call. The Operator . Will Connect Yon With the Department You Wish. - - _ . ' BLSIXESS OFFICE *. Market and Third Streets, San Francisco Open Until 11 O'clock Every Xight in tile Year. EDITORIAL ROOMS Market and Third Streets MAIN CITY BRAXCH 1651 Fillmore Street Near Post -:\u25a0\u25a0:-, ..-'-'". . - " -\u25a0 OAKLAND OFFICE— 46B 11th St. (Bacon Block) . .Telephone Oakland 1083 — —^ H-'-i': — : \u25a0\u25a0 <s-. -i''-V'-vc-i*".V ALAMEDA OFFICE— I43IS Park Street Telephone Alameda 559 BERKELEY OFFICE — SW. Cor. Center and Oxford. .Telephone Berkeley 77 CHICAGO OFFlCE— Marquette Bldg..C. George Krogness. Representative NEW YORK OFFICE — 50 Tribune Bldg. .Stephen B. Smith, Representative WASHINGTON CORRESPONDENT Ira E. 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TOUCHES CALIFORNIA CLOSELY CALIFORNIA is deeply interested in the forthcoming annual congress of the national drainage association, ,to meet at Baltimore on November 25. The main business of the con gress will be to consider and promote the interests of ' f the general drainage bill now before the congress of the United Slates and introduced by Senator Flint of this state. The official call for the drainage congress declares: -. The drainage of the swamp and overflowed lands of the United States is just as much a governmental function as that of irrigating arid land,s. Scattered through 37 states arc approximately 80,000,000' acres of sWamp land, the reclamation of which means millions of dollars annually to. the business interests of the country over what is now enjoyed. If these lands were drained and subdivided into 40 acre farms they^ would afford homes for 20,000,000 farmers, independent of the urban pbpu- i lation which would inevitably follow. If these farmers had families of five,; they would expend annually $600 per year for clothing, boots and shoes, dry" goods and groceries; this would mean an expenditure, of $12,000,000,000. The crop values of these now worthless lands, at $25 per. acre, would mean an addition of $2,000,000,000 annualh'. It is. impossible to estimate what amount would be spent by settlers on these lands for farm "equipment, such as houses, barns, agricultural implements and stock. When reclaimed the lands will be a most valuable asset to the general government and states, as taxable property. If for no other reason, the lands should be reclaimed on account of their pestilential character. At the present time they are the homes of^ the mosquito and malaria. The ever decaying vegetable matter on themes a constant menace to the health of the entire country. All this touches California closely. This state has in the delta of the Sacramento and San Joaquin rivers the most fertile body of land to be found out of doors, which for want of systematic reclamation periodically suffers from overflow. The reclamation of this land is estimated to cost $24,000,000, of which the national govern merit will be asked to contribute a reasonable share. It is felt that the moral effect and impetus of government initiative and scientific supervision, coupled with the certainty of honest administration, will get a move on the mass of inert or obstructive forces that have so long held this vital project in abeyance. COMMUTERS IN THE NAVY THE announcement of the Pacific cruise of the battleship fleet has had a remarkable effect on recruiting for the navy. Enlistments at once jumped 75 per cent, and in September tlie increase was 100 per cent, as compared with the same month last year. It is a very gratifying improvement,- as prior to the announcement of the cruise it was found exceedingly diffi cult to fill the ranks with the right kind of men. A retired admiral explains the change: " \u25a0 ! . The troub-c is that our young seamen of late have not been permitted to get into the habit of going to sea. When men were sent away on a three years' cruise they were in foreign ports when tltey had their shore leave ;:nd of course were not tempted to desert so far away -from home. Besides that th-re was the constant novelty of seeing new places and people, and to an adventurous American boy this is the greatest charm of sea life. Under the old system when a jacky returned after a three years' cruise he was habituated to the routine of the sea. It had become second nature to him and he had settled down to realize that life aboard ship where a man h.nd everything done for him and where he is never at a lo=s to know whqre his next meal is to c<:me from is after all a pleasant sort of existence. When he went ashore he had a spree or two and spent his money liberally, but he v.oth back to the ship because it was home to him. • . The increase in enlistments after the announcement that the ships would go Vj the Pacific was not due to the belief on' the part of the men that there would be war with Japan or any Other coKntrj'. It was merely an exhibition 3i the tendency of the average American' tb.%ee|th&i world. • " ,»", The officers as well as the men are improved by feeing some thing of the rough end of sea life. A ship's company tied up' in the harbors and roadsteads of the populous eastern seaboard very quickly acquires the commuters' habit. The men spend their evenings away from their place of business. A MILLION FOR MOLLYCODDLES THE will of Miss Anna T. Jeane of the Quaker persuasion, late of Philadelphia, bequeaths property worth nearly $1,000, 000 to Swarthmore college on condition that "the manage% % ment abandon all participation in intercollegiate sports and games." Swarthrnore is a small but well equipped college in Pennsylvania, founded by the Quakers and having about 200 stu dents. It confers degrees and has a strong faculty. Miss Jeane in her lifetime strongly objected to college athletics because she believed that they, caused the undergraduates to neg-; lect their studies and besides frequently developed enmity between competing colleges. The conditions of her bequest raise a difficult point of college policy. ; Whether 'tis nobler in the college man to break the opposing nose of a hated rival from a loathsome academic contemporary and thereby gain great glory for the home team and get his picture in the papers as he emerges covered with: mud and blood— whether, we say, such achievement and the consequent fame are more to be coveted than a fat legacy to encourage the breedof college pro fessors, the mere outsider may not pretend to decide: . We observe further that the lights of the Swarthmore faculty are;rather shy of committing themselves to a decision. Rut the coach of the Swarth more football* team has no such qualms. This maker of husky heroes declares for all to hear: . . : -. ~ I don't believe that the board of managers will consider the bequest. There are many millionaires on the board, and I don't think they would allow the bequest to interfere with the college spirit. It would ruin Swarthmore to accept it on the terms named. , "There are man}- millionaires on the board." In tlie multitude of millionaires there " is wisdom. What base and recreant soul would sell his college spirit for a million dollars?;. Let blooclv noses EDITORIAL PAGE and cracked crowns flourish.' So shall Swarthmore be saved from ruin. There .was once an amiable old lady and she lived in Phila delphia a blameless life, but she had never heard or did not believe that boys Iwill He boys. Possibly she had heard of ancient Elia and his books that were not books, the books that no gentleman's library should be without, and so she imagined that by making a will she could create a breed of boys that are hot boys. But the old ladylike boy is still to seek. You cant-m ake mollycoddles out of money. Youth will not sell his birthright and so we say more power to his elbow and may he never have the charleyhorSe. HOW slow is. a railroad? Congressman Madden, who is the proponent of the car; demurrage bill, says the canals have I the railroads beaten .to a standstill, i Here are': his experiences .with transportation in Illinois: . :.., ' And what is reasonable dispatch? I confess. l don't, know in all in stances, but I have had certain experiences'' in my "own business which ' I will cite you. We have quarries at Joliet, and the roads furnish us cars, which we load on our own sidetracks and consign to ourselves here in Chicago. The best seryice we have been able to get for the round trip, *vith possibly a few exceptions of which Ido not know, "is five days. : We also v operate a few canal boats and these make the round trip every day. I .should* think we might reasonably expect as much of the railroads as we get out of the, Canal. \u25a0 , ' ';. ', ". ; ;-^- ; : '^ \u25a0 ' : \u25a0>'•-. ,\u25a0 • ; '.\u25a0 . \u25a0.' I am told that all commodities shipped by the Standard oil company are moved at the rate of 124 miles a day, while for the ordinary shipper the average is about 24 miles a day. What is the reason for this? Maybe it is too much system, too much red tape. ' . - : '" All these facts and others of like tenor were brought) out at a meeting of the Illinois manufacturers' association in Chicago. It was common consent that the average speed or progress of a freight train was about twenty- four miles a da>\ , The railroad people do not dispute the facts, although they urge that there is a disposition among shippers to use freightcars^ as warehouses. This plea does not appear to.be responsive}. to the general charge of delay in transportation. A consignee' may seek to use a car for storage after arrival, but he- certainly could not try anything of the sort while i the shipment was in transit. The blame; so far as there is blame, must rest on the rail roads. It is not- at" all clear that a -demurrage law would prove a remedy. The railroads can certainly: find no profit in slow seryice, but quite the contrary.. jit. is' obvious that they are trying to do more than the capacity of the^hanti will carry,' and ;that . the evils of slow transportation and the^caf^shortage that there from will continue until railroad .facilities are grcatlv extended. • The Santa Fe gave rebates. on lime, but the jury refused to whitewash it. The Southern Pacific's retrenchment must be in anticipation of, the fines to grow out of the rebate cases. " Elinor Gl yn is in ' this country, and says she will seek inspiration for a new novel by eating green corn and buckwheat I cakes. Any ' who has read her "Three Weeks" can 'easily imagine that it was inspired by a mid night lnnch of cucumbers and tamales. Superintendent Black of the United Charles A. King of Los Angeles is at the Imperial.; ' , ". . . ' >" Hugo Hamburg of Mexico City is at 'the ; St. Francis. ;" . ; : . Charles H. O. "Jackson of Goldfleld ! is at the St. James. 1 0 W. J. Sander of. Los Angeles is at. the Dale foria few days. . . . ; j » '.- Dr.. Sydney B. van Norden is ,at r the Baltimore -from -Toledo. '*\u25a0 ' V Albert ;T. Erttner , of Mexico City is a.guest at the Kamlin. j: A. \u25a0 W. and Mrs. David are at^-.the Hamlin. from, Los Angeles. " :. \u25a0 iH. G. Hopkins, ff'tL- realty, man of Seattle, is at the- Majestic. •'\u25a0• , ; Samuel Prior "; and ; Mrs. "\ Prior ;of Suisun.are at -the;Baltim.ore; " • \ R. A. Bal ley and W*| H. Poynton : : of ! New. "York: are^at the Imperial. ' X.. A.; Stanford! '.a mining man. of Yerington.: Ney.", :is 'at 'the :Da|e.v:.;';'. V- Jm. A: Palcn registered if^rorn* Los TAn ge^U^^at .the- Jefferson 'yesterday. : ;" ; 7 registered 'at .'the H^mlin: yesterday > from; San rJose. \u25a0 \u25a0'. _. fred :'J..* and John P.Vsmith. j.lp. CavallettoV and jGeorgeMW.' 'Bauer.'Vof Misery Loves Company CANALS BEAT RAILWAYS \u25a0NOTE ANDj COMMENT Railroads says that when, he was man ager of Kansas City lines the: casual ties were far greater ; than i they . have been in San; Francisco. -According to that, : we may expect . \u25a0 an,, increase here; as soon as Black becomes famil iar Vwith the local situation. - While '\u25a0 the Austrian steamer Giulia was in mid-Atlantic"she caught fire. The/, crew fought the flames while the passengers: prayed for-safety. The ship, arrived in;: port, all right. -y • Give either/.the crew or the passengers the credit,;according to your bringing. up. Personal Mention Santa Barbara are at the Grand Cen _ Major and Mrs; Peters .of London; Ens : ; are quests at ;the Fairmont. I . Commander J.[ c. Ttiillmor.e. United btates navy, i s registered at \u25a0 the Fair i mont. \u0084 • ..• - - = v Lieutenant E.R. Nicholson registered at , the. St. Francis 1 -yesterday .from Manila.* ' . . . . . \u25a0" \u25a0\u25a0-. >\u25a0 \u25a0'•\u25a0\u25a0.. _ s - Ussier, a manufacturer of New rork city, .registered /yesterday at * the Baltimore;,': ; ; \u25a0 \u0084'T,°, h A W. p^id Mrs. Barnes. R. S. r arid M , rs :- Adams of Petalumaare guests at the St. James. \ '-' . "'\u25a0 \ •- Bronte. N./Aikens. an attorney of Big Pine,-; Inyo j county,' and ' TonopahMis at the Fairmont.. \u25a0" ' . '-..-- v;^ : ,*-' ..\u25a0.\u25a0.-,?.- ,m: Stewart. rJ.:E;^Parrishp H. C. Buckle -and/ J.t H v Dawc of !San : Dieg-o are,- at;; the i Jefferson:^^'-.-- ; >-V^:; i : x -; v .l/ H.-. Shephard ,, of * : Honolulu • fegis tered:at A the:Grand'fCentral¥yesterday> % ?>- a Y\ c ,9, m P anl ,9d 'by. Mrs/ Shephard. •;•> : talist. ; arrived ;J on T; the f Manchiyia ; ; yes tei :° a y; ai ?d^reg^tered-at'thQvSt.;Fran- ! c s.- '\u25a0 * - \u25a0\u25a0 \u25a0 » \u25a0- \u0084.. .. .-\u25a0 - By The Gall's Jester NOVELS A novel Is worth ?1.50 worth of words arranged with more or less skill and illustrated with decidedly less. skill. Ar. illustration consists of a picture of, preferably, two - people who are totally 'unliko imagined by the author or reader, posed in an at titude that has" no relation to the text. There are always six best sellers, which generally means that Blx astute authors have, secured the services of the six best press agents in'the country. Although the author usually gets royalties according to the number' of books sold, he seldom gets them In pro portion to the number of .sales an nounced. Figure this out for yourself. He, she,, an automobile and "a : lot of snappy ; dialogue are the ''prevalent characteristics of most modern novels. Dickens, Thackeray and other old fash ioned authors wrote novels that, had tears and laughter, plots and imperish able characters in them. - It is all right to read these, if one's fancy runs s that way, but not to have read at least four of the six best sellers bars one from indulging in literary chatter. A novel that is not beautifully bound is bound to fail. \ \u25a0% . \u2666 • \u0084• \u25a0 " • IjOA'ESOME BUT ECONOMICAL Drummer- — How do you like this rural free delivery eystem? ' Country Postmaster— Waal, it makes things kinder lonesome around the store o" nights, 'but it saves quite a lot on crackers and prunes. W. J. W. :: Current Verse :: * — — — — - — — — — — — •• THE BROKEN DRUM There is sorrow in the household. There's a grief too hard to bear; There's a little cheek that's tear stained There's a'sobbing baby there. , And try how ,we will to. comfort, JrV- Still the tiny, tear .'drops come, For, to solve a vexing problem, Curly Locks has wrecked his drum, \u25a0 ' " '\u25a0' . \u25a0 ~--\~ * \u25a0 ft has- puzzled him and worried, : How the drum created sound; For he couldn't understand it; It .was not enough. to pound With his tiny hands' and drum sticks. And at last 1 the day has come, , Wheii another hope is shattered, . V Nowiin ruins: lies" the drum.' " With his metal bank he broke it, *,' Tore. the tightened skin aside; :\u25a0\u25a0 Gafbd on vacant space and nothing., Then h« broke right down and cried, For tucburstirig bubble shocked him And the baby.tears must come; " For a joy has gone forever, ' Curly Locks has wrecked his drum. - J While his, mother tries to soothe him, i .'\u25a0'\u25a0 c l'anv sitting here alone; : > . " j In the life '.that. lies behind me, . \u25a0 I ..".Many : shocks; like ;that I've "known. * And.the'bby who's, up stairs weeping, In' the years that. are to come Will learm that many, pleasures g§ Are as] empty as his drum. ; V, r \u25a0". .—Detroit Free Press. :\u25a0:-\u25a0\u25a0..' :M /.\u25a0-::?.:.: \u25a0V. \u25a0\u25a0^-•\u25a0 ; V- ;\u25a0,•\u25a0.,/, ".j A .CONSUMER'S DITTY With meat at eighty cents an inch Or -elgrity T flve. • 'I. ..,'. v .;.:,-\u25a0 It is i;h'ot really such a cinch Toskeep alive. ;. .. > What goeth up must downward come, . ; ; Claim -clever .men., ' .; X-y.- They could reileve . our feelings some By saying- when. With prices soaring to the, skies, As:ls. the trend, :: ; * : A nian needs more ; than mortal eyes ' To: see;theend. \u25a0:^ ./ .: - What:;goeth«up must, tumble down, : 'i Soi.wisejfolks'sajv.. ... " . . Oh, i-kindly -. fates, speed to: our \u25a0 town That? welcome. day!/ ." .' "i i '" '—^Louisyille^Courler- Journal. GR.VXDSOX OP BURXS '-.; The.'great^grandson ; of Robert -Burns, the r poet," ha3 'recently r been 'acting Jas judge 'of : the/ police" court ' of r Louisville. His : name: is ;j.- Marshall Chatterson and for ; many .years ! lie ; has 'been an attor ney iri>' Louisville, '.'"lvy.— Kansas " Cltv Journal:- :'.V:;;:V:-;-. \u25a0 :' \u25a0' \u25a0:' \u25a0 - \u25a0'. The Promoter in Action The bonus\plan, the < appeal to reason and - r sentiment arid: the comparative idea \ Edward F. Cahill L:ET ; U3. pursue, our studies this Week in the" gentle art of promotion. For. instance, one "finds the town of Emmett, which 13 in Pottawatamie county, Kan., advertising that it ; will donate to" every couple under 25 years of age- that marries - and settles down in Emmett between now and the new, year these: "Year's" subscription to the Citizen and 100 printed envelopes, one pair of Ttrflcish towels, one. set. of knives and forks, one set of spoons, one set cups and saucers,"orie set plates and platters, creamer, napkins,' one water set, one set glasses, pair, napkin rings, salt and pepper shakers, sugar bowl, butter dish, spoon dish, soup dish and a free telephone for a month." . It is* suggested that prizes '>, may be offered for twins and the babies will be named Roosevelt. Napoleon Bonaparte declared that the mother of a grenadier, who fought for" France was the ideal woman. It seems clear that the president of -the United States, the greatest general the world ever knew and the "village of Emmett are all three in agreement about woman'j sphere. It is not necessary to decide whether the bonus plan in the strictly practical Kansas fashion or the appeal to reason exemplified by Keokuk. let us say, is the more effective. Theodore Roosevelt is the best advertising medium; in the United States and it is ,a wise town that gets aboard his band wagon. The other day it was Keokuk, which. nobody had ever heard of before except as a bad joke, .that .took the national stage, standing side by side with the president and blushing under a modest recital of the virtues peculiar to Keokuk. One learns: i , • - Keokuk is a thorough combination of New England brains, southern hos pitality . and western hustle. ' - The highest authority ?ln the world on crlnolds lives In Keokuk. Away back In pioneer times a staff colonel of Napoleon Bonaparte's cama here and married a half-breed Indian girl, and they lived In Keokuk until they died. V! . - : • j* . w; - - Over the eastern side In the morning are glorious sunrises and over tha western side in the evening the aky is painted with the most delicious tint of rose and purple and blue and mother of pearl after the sun goes down. But while Keokuk is essentially poetic, she is, eminently practical also. Keokuk Is one of the most aristocratic cities in America. But a millionaire could not break into good society if he were only a millionaire. \u25a0 While we pin a rose on Keokuk let us pas 3on to the illustrious state of Tennessee, for_.which the Nashville American speaks. We have had examples of the bonus plan and the appeal to reason and sentiment. ' We now take up the comparative idea: Its skies are bluer. Its mountains are higher, its valleys are deeper, its rivers are longer, its streams are clearer, Its trees are larger, its fishes are bigger, its grass is greener, its flowers are sweeter. Its soil is richer, its breezes are -gentler. Its winters are warmer, Its summers are cooler, its sunshine is' brighter, Its moonlight lovelier, its liquor is purer, its minerals are more varied, , its mines are wealthier, its birds sing more sweetly. Its crops are larger. Its atmosphere is better, its seasons are more regular, Its hospitality la warmer, its lovers are more ardent, . its men are larger, handsomer and braver, and its wonten sweeter, lovelier" and more beautiful than those of any other state in the Union or in any unit of the universe. Tennessee Is the Land of the Horn ing Brightness and the Evening Calm. It is the Paradise of earthly angels. It Is Eden without a snake. Isn't that lovely? But gentle Texas resents it. Thus the Houston Post: A Tennessee girl would Jilt the best man in Tennessee to mary a Texan; a Tennessee cavalier would prove faithless to the sweetest Tennessee maiden to marry a red headed Texas widow with freckles on her face as big as batter cakes, and he wouldn't balk if she were slightly cross eyed and Inclined to bo hare lipped./ . Our ares of black prairie, from five to twenty- four feet In depth, is greater than the entire area of Tennessee; our forests would cover the little Volunteer state almost twice. "We have four times as many offices for political grazers. more orators, more beautiful women, more handsome preachers, ten tirrres aa many chickens, 'possums, squirrels and turkeys. "• We raise forty times a3 many, different agricultural, products and' ten times the number of cattle and horses. .\u25a0 • • •_ . . -, ; \u25a0 Tennessee- Is good enough in its way. but it is guilty of shameless im modesty when it boasts in a gathering of commonwealths that contains Grand Old Texas, the peerless, prismatic, punklniferous, paligenetic, pandiculated, paradisiacal, petaliferous, petroliferous, piperltious, plumigerous, polyoramic. pluperfect panjandarum of the palpating planet. \ Lord, how. the world is giving to lying and how prosperous the industry. Unhappily there is much wasted effort. It often scatters and some other fellow gets the benefit. No man likes to lie for the good of his neighbor. You make a convert and some interloping promoter from a rival community snatches your prey in transit. Railroadmen are telling a good story that is going the rounds about a plug conductor who had been transferred from a jerkwater run .to a trunk route. An old lady, presented to him one of tlie long, complicated coupon tickets that they issue to California tourists. "Am I going in the right direction?" she inquired. -The conductor took the ticket, uncoiled it, turned it over, upside down. looked at the punch marks, read a part of the instructions, and remarked: "Well, madam, if you don't know any more about it than I do you're The moral of the tale is that the promoted immigrant ought to be A Difference in Newspapers .The San Francisco Call Is the only morning paper in that city that is hea'rtily v supporting the prosecution of the grafters and bribers. ,The upright part of that community, is fortunate in having; that journal to assist it in the hard fight. v , It Is pretty generally known that the Hearst paper has joined forces with the Esjpee and its underhand slurring of the district' attorney and his helpers in their fight against graft and boodle has been going On for r.johths. . , .The Chronicle comes out almost un blushlnsly for the wealthy men who conspired: to; debauch the public offi cials in order; to secure valuable fran chises.. In a late issue' the Chronicle said: editorially: "Our bribed super visors ; are "morally: more degraded men than those who '.bribed . them. . Except for. the bribery "the. latter are very de cent citizen?." Any paper; that stands for ; common honesty and morality in civic affairs should blush; with shame to make such a damaging confession' as that. It is a disgraceful compromise with a C degree of immorality that is far* more to be condemned ;than the morar degradation , alleged -to' be condltlonlof \u25a0the'supervisors in question. Such a' newspaper, should be boycotted by 'the "people ; who believe in "civic honesty and a high standard of "moral citizenship. ;."': ', I ; .- The: Oakland Tribune 'also echoes the desire of the bribing. San Franciscans to.throw dirt at the prosecution. : iTheTpapers; around the bay that are upholding the, hands of the graft prose cution -v". should /.be encouraged -by all good citizens throughout the state with out regard to party.^-Hayward Review. CJoriditions In California: YorJ J« it 5Sr 1*' PrO:notiOn>r iaittM •*"« Wfollowi^f it* Wt3rn bureau la N^ .York en . Saturday: - - : ' C»lif«rai»:teinper»tux9» for tha'lait 24 htmrii • . -\u0084 EureluK...:-..._.;..,:. ...,....._. ..:..Jtlainam......S6 M Mlmnm......M ". ' f"-.^^"--:-"" •••••••• Minimum.-. -.;.64 ' JkxUnam 64 r \u25a0:\u25a0;", .-:~*.;-r^ o v-.--.v.'v":;v:..'-:v.vv.: JtiB .««»a».*.-.'..63 ' Haxiaim .70 , San TrMcWbidldin* permits for the we*W 'ending noon October 13-' ; Permanent :..-.:.:.:..:,.:;.. .U9;i^;.. ,V..;....; ...;$5C7,2J0 \u25a0.\u25a0\u25a0\u25a0.':.", Alt«r *tl0n« .;-; :v-- — -------;«;vaiu«. 21.937 . .^^ExcaTattii is in procre,. forthe Po,tal VaUdinj. at Bnsh nxoet acd Van V^V^^VvS^rranma.co.^Thi.^wiU^beV claa, A'.tmctur*. 10" .terlei to h^ght, on ' a rround iite_Soz9o feet.; Tke coat will Jb« $300,000. • > • ..*,;;. OGTOBERI3,W7 Answers to Queries FEATHERS— 3I.. Merced. Cal. The feathers used Jn millinery, taken from' live birds, are th« ostrich f?athers. Feathered skins used In millinery, such as the feathers of sea gulls, are taken from the dead birds. INDIANS IN WAR— W. T. W.. Ojtk land, Cal. During the Civil war In diana v.-ere- enlisted by both of th<* contending- forces. The Confederate's enlisted Choctavrs and the Federals enlisted Delaware and Osage Indians. COLOR BLINDNESS— F.. City. What Is. called color blindness Is oftentimes the result of a lack ot education as to the different colors. In such a case th«> remedy is;. Instruction in the various colors.: But when color blindness is the result of a defeat of the nerves of the eyes there Is no remedy. STEAMER— Miss A. X.. City. If a ferry boat lists to port or starboard it is evidence that she is not eventy trimmed. To ascertain if a certain ferry bgat.isa safe boat, you should commurflcate with the United State* inspector of boilers, whose duty It is to ascertain -if vessels plying on the bay are: cafe. . " - \u25a0.• LABOR ' DAY — P. , Me.. City. Thrt United States government, through con gress, never proclaimed labor -.lay a legal, holiday, except in the district of Columbia. By state enactment Labor ciay Is a legal holiday in all the state* and territories except Nevada and North Dakota. In Louisiana it is a legal holi day in the parish of Orleans only. an.l in Wyoming it is a .legal holiday only when the governor so proclaims it.