The San Francisco Call
JOHN D. SPRECKELS Proprietor
tHARLES W. HORNICK. 1 .General Manager
ERNEST S. SIMPSON .Managing Editor
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-:\u25a0\u25a0:-, ..-'-'". . - " -\u25a0
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TOUCHES CALIFORNIA CLOSELY
CALIFORNIA is deeply interested in the forthcoming annual
congress of the national drainage association, ,to meet at
Baltimore on November 25. The main business of the con
gress will be to consider and promote the interests of ' f the
general drainage bill now before the congress of the United
Slates and introduced by Senator Flint of this state. The official
call for the drainage congress declares: -.
The drainage of the swamp and overflowed lands of the United States
is just as much a governmental function as that of irrigating arid land,s.
Scattered through 37 states arc approximately 80,000,000' acres of sWamp
land, the reclamation of which means millions of dollars annually to. the
business interests of the country over what is now enjoyed.
If these lands were drained and subdivided into 40 acre farms they^
would afford homes for 20,000,000 farmers, independent of the urban pbpu- i
lation which would inevitably follow. If these farmers had families of five,;
they would expend annually $600 per year for clothing, boots and shoes,
dry" goods and groceries; this would mean an expenditure, of $12,000,000,000.
The crop values of these now worthless lands, at $25 per. acre, would mean
an addition of $2,000,000,000 annualh'. It is. impossible to estimate what
amount would be spent by settlers on these lands for farm "equipment, such
as houses, barns, agricultural implements and stock. When reclaimed the
lands will be a most valuable asset to the general government and states,
as taxable property.
If for no other reason, the lands should be reclaimed on account of
their pestilential character. At the present time they are the homes of^ the
mosquito and malaria. The ever decaying vegetable matter on themes a
constant menace to the health of the entire country.
All this touches California closely. This state has in the delta
of the Sacramento and San Joaquin rivers the most fertile body
of land to be found out of doors, which for want of systematic
reclamation periodically suffers from overflow. The reclamation
of this land is estimated to cost $24,000,000, of which the national
govern merit will be asked to contribute a reasonable share. It is
felt that the moral effect and impetus of government initiative
and scientific supervision, coupled with the certainty of honest
administration, will get a move on the mass of inert or obstructive
forces that have so long held this vital project in abeyance.
COMMUTERS IN THE NAVY
THE announcement of the Pacific cruise of the battleship fleet
has had a remarkable effect on recruiting for the navy.
Enlistments at once jumped 75 per cent, and in September
tlie increase was 100 per cent, as compared with the same
month last year. It is a very gratifying improvement,- as prior
to the announcement of the cruise it was found exceedingly diffi
cult to fill the ranks with the right kind of men. A retired admiral
explains the change: " \u25a0 ! .
The troub-c is that our young seamen of late have not been permitted
to get into the habit of going to sea. When men were sent away on a three
years' cruise they were in foreign ports when tltey had their shore leave
;:nd of course were not tempted to desert so far away -from home. Besides
that th-re was the constant novelty of seeing new places and people, and
to an adventurous American boy this is the greatest charm of sea life.
Under the old system when a jacky returned after a three years' cruise
he was habituated to the routine of the sea. It had become second nature
to him and he had settled down to realize that life aboard ship where a man
h.nd everything done for him and where he is never at a lo=s to know whqre
his next meal is to c<:me from is after all a pleasant sort of existence. When
he went ashore he had a spree or two and spent his money liberally, but
he v.oth back to the ship because it was home to him. • .
The increase in enlistments after the announcement that the ships would
go Vj the Pacific was not due to the belief on' the part of the men that there
would be war with Japan or any Other coKntrj'. It was merely an exhibition
3i the tendency of the average American' tb.%ee|th&i world. • " ,»",
The officers as well as the men are improved by feeing some
thing of the rough end of sea life. A ship's company tied up' in
the harbors and roadsteads of the populous eastern seaboard very
quickly acquires the commuters' habit. The men spend their
evenings away from their place of business.
A MILLION FOR MOLLYCODDLES
THE will of Miss Anna T. Jeane of the Quaker persuasion,
late of Philadelphia, bequeaths property worth nearly $1,000,
000 to Swarthmore college on condition that "the manage%
% ment abandon all participation in intercollegiate sports and
games." Swarthrnore is a small but well equipped college in
Pennsylvania, founded by the Quakers and having about 200 stu
dents. It confers degrees and has a strong faculty.
Miss Jeane in her lifetime strongly objected to college athletics
because she believed that they, caused the undergraduates to neg-;
lect their studies and besides frequently developed enmity between
competing colleges. The conditions of her bequest raise a difficult
point of college policy. ;
Whether 'tis nobler in the college man to break the opposing
nose of a hated rival from a loathsome academic contemporary
and thereby gain great glory for the home team and get his picture
in the papers as he emerges covered with: mud and blood— whether,
we say, such achievement and the consequent fame are more to
be coveted than a fat legacy to encourage the breedof college pro
fessors, the mere outsider may not pretend to decide: . We observe
further that the lights of the Swarthmore faculty are;rather shy of
committing themselves to a decision. Rut the coach of the Swarth
more football* team has no such qualms. This maker of husky
heroes declares for all to hear: . . : -. ~
I don't believe that the board of managers will consider the bequest.
There are many millionaires on the board, and I don't think they would allow
the bequest to interfere with the college spirit. It would ruin Swarthmore
to accept it on the terms named. ,
"There are man}- millionaires on the board." In tlie multitude
of millionaires there " is wisdom. What base and recreant soul
would sell his college spirit for a million dollars?;. Let blooclv noses
and cracked crowns flourish.' So shall Swarthmore be saved from
There .was once an amiable old lady and she lived in Phila
delphia a blameless life, but she had never heard or did not believe
that boys Iwill He boys. Possibly she had heard of ancient Elia
and his books that were not books, the books that no gentleman's
library should be without, and so she imagined that by making a
will she could create a breed of boys that are hot boys. But the
old ladylike boy is still to seek. You cant-m ake mollycoddles out
of money. Youth will not sell his birthright and so we say more
power to his elbow and may he never have the charleyhorSe.
HOW slow is. a railroad? Congressman Madden, who is the
proponent of the car; demurrage bill, says the canals have
I the railroads beaten .to a standstill, i Here are': his experiences
.with transportation in Illinois: . :.., '
And what is reasonable dispatch? I confess. l don't, know in all in
stances, but I have had certain experiences'' in my "own business which ' I
will cite you. We have quarries at Joliet, and the roads furnish us cars,
which we load on our own sidetracks and consign to ourselves here in Chicago.
The best seryice we have been able to get for the round trip, *vith possibly
a few exceptions of which Ido not know, "is five days. : We also v operate a
few canal boats and these make the round trip every day. I .should* think
we might reasonably expect as much of the railroads as we get out of the,
Canal. \u25a0 , ' ';. ', ". ; ;-^- ; : '^ \u25a0 ' : \u25a0>'•-. ,\u25a0 • ; '.\u25a0 . \u25a0.'
I am told that all commodities shipped by the Standard oil company
are moved at the rate of 124 miles a day, while for the ordinary shipper the
average is about 24 miles a day. What is the reason for this? Maybe it is
too much system, too much red tape. ' . - : '"
All these facts and others of like tenor were brought) out at
a meeting of the Illinois manufacturers' association in Chicago.
It was common consent that the average speed or progress of a
freight train was about twenty- four miles a da>\ , The railroad
people do not dispute the facts, although they urge that there
is a disposition among shippers to use freightcars^ as warehouses.
This plea does not appear to.be responsive}. to the general charge
of delay in transportation. A consignee' may seek to use a car
for storage after arrival, but he- certainly could not try anything of
the sort while i the shipment was in transit.
The blame; so far as there is blame, must rest on the rail
roads. It is not- at" all clear that a -demurrage law would prove a
remedy. The railroads can certainly: find no profit in slow seryice,
but quite the contrary.. jit. is' obvious that they are trying to do
more than the capacity of the^hanti will carry,' and ;that . the evils
of slow transportation and the^caf^shortage that there
from will continue until railroad .facilities are grcatlv extended.
• The Santa Fe gave rebates. on lime,
but the jury refused to whitewash it.
The Southern Pacific's retrenchment
must be in anticipation of, the fines
to grow out of the rebate cases. "
Elinor Gl yn is in ' this country, and
says she will seek inspiration for a
new novel by eating green corn and
buckwheat I cakes. Any ' who has
read her "Three Weeks" can 'easily
imagine that it was inspired by a mid
night lnnch of cucumbers and tamales.
Superintendent Black of the United
Charles A. King of Los Angeles is at
the Imperial.; ' , ". . . '
>" Hugo Hamburg of Mexico City is at
'the ; St. Francis. ;" . ; : .
Charles H. O. "Jackson of Goldfleld !
is at the St. James. 1
0 W. J. Sander of. Los Angeles is at. the
Dale foria few days. . . . ; j
» '.- Dr.. Sydney B. van Norden is ,at r the
Baltimore -from -Toledo. '*\u25a0 '
V Albert ;T. Erttner , of Mexico City is
a.guest at the Kamlin.
j: A. \u25a0 W. and Mrs. David are at^-.the
Hamlin. from, Los Angeles. " :. \u25a0
iH. G. Hopkins, ff'tL- realty, man of
Seattle, is at the- Majestic. •'\u25a0•
, ; Samuel Prior "; and ; Mrs. "\ Prior ;of
Suisun.are at -the;Baltim.ore; " •
\ R. A. Bal ley and W*| H. Poynton : : of
! New. "York: are^at the Imperial. '
X.. A.; Stanford! '.a mining man. of
Yerington.: Ney.", :is 'at 'the :Da|e.v:.;';'. V-
Jm. A: Palcn registered if^rorn* Los TAn
ge^U^^at .the- Jefferson 'yesterday. : ;" ;
7 registered 'at .'the
H^mlin: yesterday > from; San rJose. \u25a0 \u25a0'.
_. fred :'J..* and John P.Vsmith. j.lp.
CavallettoV and jGeorgeMW.' 'Bauer.'Vof
Misery Loves Company
CANALS BEAT RAILWAYS
\u25a0NOTE ANDj COMMENT
Railroads says that when, he was man
ager of Kansas City lines the: casual
ties were far greater ; than i they . have
been in San; Francisco. -According to
that, : we may expect . \u25a0 an,, increase
here; as soon as Black becomes famil
iar Vwith the local situation. -
While '\u25a0 the Austrian steamer Giulia
was in mid-Atlantic"she caught fire.
The/, crew fought the flames while
the passengers: prayed for-safety. The
ship, arrived in;: port, all right. -y • Give
either/.the crew or the passengers the
credit,;according to your bringing. up.
Santa Barbara are at the Grand Cen
_ Major and Mrs; Peters .of London;
Ens : ; are quests at ;the Fairmont.
I . Commander J.[ c. Ttiillmor.e. United
btates navy, i s registered at \u25a0 the Fair
i mont. \u0084 • ..• - - =
v Lieutenant E.R. Nicholson registered
at , the. St. Francis 1 -yesterday .from
Manila.* ' . . . . . \u25a0" \u25a0\u25a0-. >\u25a0 \u25a0'•\u25a0\u25a0..
_ s - Ussier, a manufacturer of New
rork city, .registered /yesterday at * the
Baltimore;,': ; ; \u25a0
\u0084'T,°, h A W. p^id Mrs. Barnes. R. S. r arid
M , rs :- Adams of Petalumaare guests at
the St. James. \ '-' . "'\u25a0 \
•- Bronte. N./Aikens. an attorney of Big
Pine,-; Inyo j county,' and ' TonopahMis at
the Fairmont.. \u25a0" ' . '-..-- v;^ : ,*-' ..\u25a0.\u25a0.-,?.-
,m: Stewart. rJ.:E;^Parrishp H. C.
Buckle -and/ J.t H v Dawc of !San : Dieg-o
are,- at;; the i Jefferson:^^'-.-- ; >-V^:; i : x -;
v .l/ H.-. Shephard ,, of * : Honolulu • fegis
tered:at A the:Grand'fCentral¥yesterday>
% ?>- a Y\ c ,9, m P anl ,9d 'by. Mrs/ Shephard. •;•>
talist. ; arrived ;J on T; the f Manchiyia ; ; yes
tei :° a y; ai ?d^reg^tered-at'thQvSt.;Fran- !
c s.- '\u25a0 * - \u25a0\u25a0 \u25a0 » \u25a0- \u0084.. .. .-\u25a0 -
By The Gall's Jester
A novel Is worth ?1.50 worth of words
arranged with more or less skill and
illustrated with decidedly less. skill.
Ar. illustration consists of a picture
of, preferably, two - people who are
totally 'unliko imagined by
the author or reader, posed in an at
titude that has" no relation to the text.
There are always six best sellers,
which generally means that Blx astute
authors have, secured the services of
the six best press agents in'the country.
Although the author usually gets
royalties according to the number' of
books sold, he seldom gets them In pro
portion to the number of .sales an
nounced. Figure this out for yourself.
He, she,, an automobile and "a : lot of
snappy ; dialogue are the ''prevalent
characteristics of most modern novels.
Dickens, Thackeray and other old fash
ioned authors wrote novels that, had
tears and laughter, plots and imperish
able characters in them. - It is all right
to read these, if one's fancy runs s that
way, but not to have read at least four
of the six best sellers bars one from
indulging in literary chatter.
A novel that is not beautifully bound
is bound to fail. \
\u25a0% . \u2666 • \u0084• \u25a0 " •
IjOA'ESOME BUT ECONOMICAL
Drummer- — How do you like this rural
free delivery eystem? '
Country Postmaster— Waal, it makes
things kinder lonesome around the store
o" nights, 'but it saves quite a lot on
crackers and prunes. W. J. W.
:: Current Verse ::
* — — — — - — — — — — — ••
THE BROKEN DRUM
There is sorrow in the household.
There's a grief too hard to bear;
There's a little cheek that's tear stained
There's a'sobbing baby there. ,
And try how ,we will to. comfort, JrV-
Still the tiny, tear .'drops come,
For, to solve a vexing problem,
Curly Locks has wrecked his drum,
\u25a0 ' " '\u25a0' . \u25a0 ~--\~ * \u25a0
ft has- puzzled him and worried, :
How the drum created sound;
For he couldn't understand it;
It .was not enough. to pound
With his tiny hands' and drum sticks.
And at last 1 the day has come, ,
Wheii another hope is shattered, . V
Nowiin ruins: lies" the drum.' "
With his metal bank he broke it, *,'
Tore. the tightened skin aside; :\u25a0\u25a0
Gafbd on vacant space and nothing.,
Then h« broke right down and cried,
For tucburstirig bubble shocked him
And the baby.tears must come; "
For a joy has gone forever, '
Curly Locks has wrecked his drum. - J
While his, mother tries to soothe him, i
.'\u25a0'\u25a0 c l'anv sitting here alone; : > . " j
In the life '.that. lies behind me, . \u25a0 I
..".Many : shocks; like ;that I've "known. *
And.the'bby who's, up stairs weeping,
In' the years that. are to come
Will learm that many, pleasures g§
Are as] empty as his drum. ; V, r
\u25a0". .—Detroit Free Press.
:\u25a0:-\u25a0\u25a0..' :M /.\u25a0-::?.:.: \u25a0V. \u25a0\u25a0^-•\u25a0 ; V- ;\u25a0,•\u25a0.,/,
".j A .CONSUMER'S DITTY
With meat at eighty cents an inch
Or -elgrity T flve. • 'I. ..,'. v .;.:,-\u25a0
It is i;h'ot really such a cinch
Toskeep alive. ;. .. >
What goeth up must downward come,
. ; ; Claim -clever .men., ' .; X-y.-
They could reileve . our feelings some
By saying- when.
With prices soaring to the, skies,
As:ls. the trend, :: ; * :
A nian needs more ; than mortal eyes
' To: see;theend. \u25a0:^ ./ .: -
What:;goeth«up must, tumble down,
: 'i Soi.wisejfolks'sajv.. ... " . .
Oh, i-kindly -. fates, speed to: our \u25a0 town
That? welcome. day!/ ." .' "i
i '" '—^Louisyille^Courler- Journal.
GR.VXDSOX OP BURXS
'-.; The.'great^grandson ; of Robert -Burns,
the r poet," ha3 'recently r been 'acting Jas
judge 'of : the/ police" court ' of r Louisville.
His : name: is ;j.- Marshall Chatterson and
for ; many .years ! lie ; has 'been an attor
ney iri>' Louisville, '.'"lvy.— Kansas " Cltv
Journal:- :'.V:;;:V:-;-. \u25a0 :' \u25a0' \u25a0:' \u25a0 - \u25a0'.
The Promoter in Action
The bonus\plan, the < appeal to reason and
- r sentiment arid: the comparative idea \
Edward F. Cahill
L:ET ; U3. pursue, our studies this Week in the" gentle art of promotion.
For. instance, one "finds the town of Emmett, which 13 in Pottawatamie
county, Kan., advertising that it ; will donate to" every couple under 25
years of age- that marries - and settles down in Emmett between now and
the new, year these:
"Year's" subscription to the Citizen and 100 printed envelopes, one pair
of Ttrflcish towels, one. set. of knives and forks, one set of spoons, one set
cups and saucers,"orie set plates and platters, creamer, napkins,' one water set,
one set glasses, pair, napkin rings, salt and pepper shakers, sugar bowl, butter
dish, spoon dish, soup dish and a free telephone for a month." .
It is* suggested that prizes '>, may be offered for twins and the babies
will be named Roosevelt. Napoleon Bonaparte declared that the mother of
a grenadier, who fought for" France was the ideal woman. It seems clear
that the president of -the United States, the greatest general the world ever
knew and the "village of Emmett are all three in agreement about woman'j
It is not necessary to decide whether the bonus plan in the strictly
practical Kansas fashion or the appeal to reason exemplified by Keokuk.
let us say, is the more effective. Theodore Roosevelt is the best advertising
medium; in the United States and it is ,a wise town that gets aboard his
band wagon. The other day it was Keokuk, which. nobody had ever heard
of before except as a bad joke, .that .took the national stage, standing side
by side with the president and blushing under a modest recital of the virtues
peculiar to Keokuk. One learns: i , • -
Keokuk is a thorough combination of New England brains, southern hos
pitality . and western hustle. ' -
The highest authority ?ln the world on crlnolds lives In Keokuk.
Away back In pioneer times a staff colonel of Napoleon Bonaparte's cama
here and married a half-breed Indian girl, and they lived In Keokuk until
they died. V!
. - : • j* . w; - -
Over the eastern side In the morning are glorious sunrises and over tha
western side in the evening the aky is painted with the most delicious tint of
rose and purple and blue and mother of pearl after the sun goes down.
But while Keokuk is essentially poetic, she is, eminently practical also.
Keokuk Is one of the most aristocratic cities in America. But a millionaire
could not break into good society if he were only a millionaire.
\u25a0 While we pin a rose on Keokuk let us pas 3on to the illustrious state
of Tennessee, for_.which the Nashville American speaks. We have had
examples of the bonus plan and the appeal to reason and sentiment. ' We
now take up the comparative idea:
Its skies are bluer. Its mountains are higher, its valleys are deeper, its
rivers are longer, its streams are clearer, Its trees are larger, its fishes are
bigger, its grass is greener, its flowers are sweeter. Its soil is richer, its breezes
are -gentler. Its winters are warmer, Its summers are cooler, its sunshine is'
brighter, Its moonlight lovelier, its liquor is purer, its minerals are more varied, ,
its mines are wealthier, its birds sing more sweetly. Its crops are larger. Its
atmosphere is better, its seasons are more regular, Its hospitality la warmer, its
lovers are more ardent, . its men are larger, handsomer and braver, and its
wonten sweeter, lovelier" and more beautiful than those of any other state in
the Union or in any unit of the universe. Tennessee Is the Land of the Horn
ing Brightness and the Evening Calm. It is the Paradise of earthly angels. It
Is Eden without a snake.
Isn't that lovely? But gentle Texas resents it. Thus the Houston Post:
A Tennessee girl would Jilt the best man in Tennessee to mary a Texan;
a Tennessee cavalier would prove faithless to the sweetest Tennessee maiden
to marry a red headed Texas widow with freckles on her face as big as batter
cakes, and he wouldn't balk if she were slightly cross eyed and Inclined to bo
. Our ares of black prairie, from five to twenty- four feet In depth, is greater
than the entire area of Tennessee; our forests would cover the little Volunteer
state almost twice. "We have four times as many offices for political grazers.
more orators, more beautiful women, more handsome preachers, ten tirrres aa
many chickens, 'possums, squirrels and turkeys. "• We raise forty times a3
many, different agricultural, products and' ten times the number of cattle and
horses. .\u25a0 • • •_ . . -, ; \u25a0
Tennessee- Is good enough in its way. but it is guilty of shameless im
modesty when it boasts in a gathering of commonwealths that contains Grand
Old Texas, the peerless, prismatic, punklniferous, paligenetic, pandiculated,
paradisiacal, petaliferous, petroliferous, piperltious, plumigerous, polyoramic.
pluperfect panjandarum of the palpating planet.
\ Lord, how. the world is giving to lying and how prosperous the industry.
Unhappily there is much wasted effort. It often scatters and some other
fellow gets the benefit. No man likes to lie for the good of his neighbor.
You make a convert and some interloping promoter from a rival community
snatches your prey in transit. Railroadmen are telling a good story that is
going the rounds about a plug conductor who had been transferred from a
jerkwater run .to a trunk route. An old lady, presented to him one of tlie
long, complicated coupon tickets that they issue to California tourists.
"Am I going in the right direction?" she inquired.
-The conductor took the ticket, uncoiled it, turned it over, upside down.
looked at the punch marks, read a part of the instructions, and remarked:
"Well, madam, if you don't know any more about it than I do you're
The moral of the tale is that the promoted immigrant ought to be
A Difference in Newspapers
.The San Francisco Call Is the only
morning paper in that city that is
hea'rtily v supporting the prosecution of
the grafters and bribers. ,The upright
part of that community, is fortunate
in having; that journal to assist it in
the hard fight. v
, It Is pretty generally known that the
Hearst paper has joined forces with the
Esjpee and its underhand slurring of
the district' attorney and his helpers in
their fight against graft and boodle has
been going On for r.johths. . ,
.The Chronicle comes out almost un
blushlnsly for the wealthy men who
conspired: to; debauch the public offi
cials in order; to secure valuable fran
chises.. In a late issue' the Chronicle
said: editorially: "Our bribed super
visors ; are "morally: more degraded men
than those who '.bribed . them. . Except
for. the bribery "the. latter are very de
cent citizen?." Any paper; that stands
for ; common honesty and morality in
civic affairs should blush; with shame
to make such a damaging confession'
as that. It is a disgraceful compromise
with a C degree of immorality that is
far* more to be condemned ;than the
morar degradation , alleged -to' be
condltlonlof \u25a0the'supervisors in question.
Such a' newspaper, should be boycotted
by 'the "people ; who believe in "civic
honesty and a high standard of "moral
citizenship. ;."': ', I ; .-
The: Oakland Tribune 'also echoes the
desire of the bribing. San Franciscans
to.throw dirt at the prosecution.
: iTheTpapers; around the bay that are
upholding the, hands of the graft prose
cution -v". should /.be encouraged -by all
good citizens throughout the state with
out regard to party.^-Hayward Review.
CJoriditions In California:
YorJ J« it 5Sr 1*' PrO:notiOn>r iaittM •*"« Wfollowi^f it* Wt3rn bureau la N^
.York en . Saturday: - -
: ' C»lif«rai»:teinper»tux9» for tha'lait 24 htmrii •
. -\u0084 EureluK...:-..._.;..,:. ...,....._. ..:..Jtlainam......S6 M Mlmnm......M
". ' f"-.^^"--:-"" •••••••• Minimum.-. -.;.64 ' JkxUnam 64
r \u25a0:\u25a0;", .-:~*.;-r^ o v-.--.v.'v":;v:..'-:v.vv.: JtiB .««»a».*.-.'..63 ' Haxiaim .70
, San TrMcWbidldin* permits for the we*W 'ending noon October 13-'
; Permanent :..-.:.:.:..:,.:;.. .U9;i^;.. ,V..;....; ...;$5C7,2J0
\u25a0.\u25a0\u25a0\u25a0.':.", Alt«r *tl0n« .;-; :v-- — -------;«;vaiu«. 21.937 .
.^^ExcaTattii is in procre,. forthe Po,tal VaUdinj. at Bnsh nxoet acd Van
V^V^^VvS^rranma.co.^Thi.^wiU^beV claa, A'.tmctur*. 10" .terlei to h^ght, on '
a rround iite_Soz9o feet.; Tke coat will Jb« $300,000. • > • ..*,;;.
Answers to Queries
FEATHERS— 3I.. Merced. Cal. The
feathers used Jn millinery, taken from'
live birds, are th« ostrich f?athers.
Feathered skins used In millinery, such
as the feathers of sea gulls, are taken
from the dead birds.
INDIANS IN WAR— W. T. W.. Ojtk
land, Cal. During the Civil war In
diana v.-ere- enlisted by both of th<*
contending- forces. The Confederate's
enlisted Choctavrs and the Federals
enlisted Delaware and Osage Indians.
COLOR BLINDNESS— F.. City. What
Is. called color blindness Is oftentimes
the result of a lack ot education as to
the different colors. In such a case th«>
remedy is;. Instruction in the various
colors.: But when color blindness is
the result of a defeat of the nerves of
the eyes there Is no remedy.
STEAMER— Miss A. X.. City. If a
ferry boat lists to port or starboard it
is evidence that she is not eventy
trimmed. To ascertain if a certain
ferry bgat.isa safe boat, you should
commurflcate with the United State*
inspector of boilers, whose duty It is
to ascertain -if vessels plying on the
bay are: cafe. . " -
\u25a0.• LABOR ' DAY — P. , Me.. City. Thrt
United States government, through con
gress, never proclaimed labor -.lay a
legal, holiday, except in the district of
Columbia. By state enactment Labor
ciay Is a legal holiday in all the state*
and territories except Nevada and North
Dakota. In Louisiana it is a legal holi
day in the parish of Orleans only. an.l
in Wyoming it is a .legal holiday only
when the governor so proclaims it.
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