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EMINENT OPINIONS ON WOMAN SUFFRAGE
In the administration of a state neither a woman. as a woman nor a man as a man has any special func tions but the gifts are equally diffused in both sexes. -piato. ' 3> :• I go for all sharing the privileges of the govern ment who assist in bearing its burdens, by no means excluding women. — Abraham Lincoln. t UfT'rve in the r'jrhts of the woman just as much es I do in those of the man, and, indeed, a little more. ~ i * - She can do the best work in .her home if she has healthy outside interests and occupations in addition. — Theodore Roosevelt. ** * Because women consider the government men's affair, they have become so confused in regard to their traditional business in life, the rearing of children, that they bear with complacency a statement riiade by the Nestor of sanitary reformers that half of the tiny lives which make up the city's death rate each year might be saved by a more thorough application of sanitary science. Because it implies the use of the suffrage, they do not consider it women's busi ness to save these lives. — Jane Addams. If the women of New York city had the ballot they would drive the corruption out. Each party would be compelled to put up its best candidates to stand any chance of winning. I would like to see the ballot in the hands of every woman. — Mark Twain: Suppose, for the sake of argument, we accept the inequality of the sexes as one of nature's immutable laws; call it a fact that women arc inferior to men in mind, morals and physique. Why should this set tle or materially affect the subject of so called woman's rights? Would not this very inferiority be a reason why every advantage should be given to the weaker sex, not only for its own good, but for the highest development of the race? — Huxley. \ It is a very cheap wit that finds it so droll that a woman should vote. * * * If the wants, the pas sions, the vices, are allowed a full vote, through the hands of a half brutal, intemperate population, I think it but fair that the virtues, the aspirations, should be allowed a full voice as an offset, through the purest of the people. — Ralph Waldo Emerson. The -Wage Earners' Need _of the Ballot MAUD YOUNGER *"l~- HE wage earning woman needs the ballot be- I cause her every gain in the past, has come 1 through her own effort, and every future victory she must win for herself. She has two means through which to work, the union and the ballot. The union is the more effective. In organization is strength, arid the wage earner's strength is a surer basis for fair conditions than the goodwill of an employer or of a lethargic public. But it is difficult to unionize women. With eyes on the shores of matrimony they look upon work as a temporary affair. They do not seek to" better their craft. They do not realize the large percentage- of married women who are inevitably swept back into the channels of industry. It is stated than in New York city 27,000 women support their husbands. . One-third of all young women in this country are engaged in industry alone. Six million \*omen in America earn their living. Let men who urge that their "place is at home" provide the homes tor them to stay in. Women entered industrial life from necessity. Forced to share with men the hard work of the world, they, more than any other women — more than any man — need the ballot's .protection.-. A wo man's work determines her health, life, home and children. She must not work long hours nor at night. Her' place of work must be sanitary, with pr<?tec*.ion for life and limb. Working women are largely tlie mothers of the race. Their health con cerns the whole community. Yet today, when the development of business seems of greater import ance than the development of men, fair conditions for working women rest solely upon their \^wn power to secure and maintain them. With the wage earner, the ballot is not so much a question of sexj as of class. She needs it to help her industrially. California has no law limiting the hours of women's work. Laws are not made foe the weak, but for the strong. They, respond to the greatest pressure. Women have never gained by influence, however gentle, what men have gained by vote. The eight hour law for men is constantly ex tending, but women average 12 hours, Colorado alone having an eight hour law. A bill before a recent southern legislature provided an eight hour day for men and a 10 hour day • for women and children! Was it because the women could better work long hours than men? Or was it because they had no vote? Even should men enact the* needed laws, they would - be ineffective unless those who know con ditions had the power to enforce them. In New '.York the 10 hour law for women is a dead letter. A [working girl who agitated for its. enforcement would lose her job. Moreover, all her" time and energy ioent in going about to influence men would be far fets effective than her secret ballot on election day— and then, it would be less womanly. ' The working womenof San Francisco have had a fcard uphill struggle. By; constant vigilance do they fjold their position. At any time there may come a Ilip, a landslide and down they will go to the boU tom'again. One can not say the \world does not go backward. Masters were' forbidden to work slaves more than 14 hours a day/ Yet, .only- eight y«ars igo. in" San Francisco, white > women toiled 16, and V' hours. And; public* opinion and tbeVgoyernmeht »at back silent. Organization was the: women's only telp. . Their advancetinch -by, inch-through the union they now must secure through the; law, not^only, for themselves, but for. their weaker sisters. And they can not do it without . the balloj For over 40 years I have not hesitated to declare my conviction that justice and fair dealing and the democratic principles of our government demand equal rights and privileges of citizenship/irrespective of sex. 1 have not been able to see any good reason for denying the ballot to women.— J. G. Whittier/ The natural right of a woman "to votel is just as clear as that of a man arid rests' on. the same ground. Since she is called on to obey the laws she ought to have a voice in making :them. And the assumption that she is, not. fit to 1 vote is no better reason for denying her that right than was the similar assump tion which has been urged against every extension of the franchise to enfranchised men.— Henry George. Woman has as much interest as man in control ling the government, in legislation and in vQting taxes. That means that she has the right to political suf frage. — Max Nordau. I . ; .. , i ; _».J^J Prior to woman's franchise the distinctive feature of our politics was finance. Legislative^^proposals were regarded almost entirely from the point of view of (1) What would they cost? and (2) What would be their effect from a commercial standpoint?- The woman's view i% not pounds nor pence/but her home, her family. In ybYder to win her vote the politicians # had to look at public matters from her point of view. Her ideal was not merely money, but happy homes and a fair chance in life for her husband, her intended husband and her present or prospective family. — G. W. Russell, Chairman of the Board of Governors- of Canterbury College^ Christchurch, New Zealand. In my opinion suffrage for women is bound to come. There are many arguments against it, but no reasons. — William Dean'Howells. The Object pf the Petition MARY SIMPSON SPERRY President California Equal Suffrage Association BY unanimous vote the National American Wo man's Suffrage association agreed at its recent annual convention to make a national petition to congress asking the submission of a federal amend ment, it being one of the chief lines of work for this year. J \u25a0£ v For the first 25 years of the organized suffrage work in the United States such petitions- were pre sented annually to congress. For the last 20 years no national petition of this nature has been attempted. In 1896. the women of Enpland presented a woman's suffrage petition to parliment of 257,000 names. The. same year the suffragists of New York presented a petition to the constitutional convention of 300,000 individual signatures. .Last winter the women of Sweden, a country with a small population, supported their re quest for full suffrage by a petition of 100,000 names. The petition now undertaken, to be of value to the cause, must not only surpass all previous' woman's suffrage petitions in point of numbers, but it must be the largest petition ever presented to congress upon any subject. ; \u0084 The petition reads as follows: "v "We, the undersigned citizens of the United States over 21 years of age, hereby petition, your honorable body to submit to the legislatures of the several states for ratification an\ amendment to the national constitution which shall enable women to vote." . ;.;. Now the congress of the United States by a two thirds majority can refer the question of woman's suffrage to the legislatures of all the states and when" three-fourths of these have ratified it, the women^of the entire country will be enabled to vote on exactly the same te^rms as men. ; This is. the shortest and most direct vmetTiod, but congress never \villP take such action until directed to do;so by the . people. "--The object of this petition is to prove, to its members that public sentiment \u25a0 now. demands that . women shall have a ypice in. the government. ' Let it be signed by every man and woman who believes in political liberty^ and equality of rights., ' Now jin this state we are s trying to carry \ this •petition. into every one of the 58 counties for signa tures. The names of men and women will "be" en tered on the same petition and all signers are re quested to enter,..their full names and postoffice ad dresses. The petitions will be classified by counties within this state.; Let every one; interested in he welfare of this state sign this petition : and with a "strong pull, a long pull and- a pull . altogther," we *rill bring the results we desire. * I have been asked why,;l believe Jn;woihan's suf frage. One might as well ask why I believe in the sun or- the stars or the ocean. 1 believe that women should vote because' they are women, just as I-believe that men should vote because they are men.— -Brand Whitlock. v . To have a voice in f choosing those by whom one is governed is a means of, self-protection due to;every ; one.' Under whatever- conditions, and within what ever limits, men are admitted to the suffrage," there is not - a shadow of. justification .' for v not admitting women under the samc^-^-JohriL Stuart -Mill. ; After all "democracy , is not a , matter of s ex, any . more.than it is a matter of race,: color- or; previous '>: condition, but. a matter of people. The more ' perfect " the recognition; of the' commoni rights -"of fall' people . the ', more perfect and the more- just ; the' democracy., A truly enlightened and jdemocraticform of government : would ;6f course recognize the equal rights of : women. — Tom L. Johnson.. .;: If we -could; manifest a; little (animation ; about the j , antique; in justice that wej still do : tc^ woman! perhaps -. we should," in time," get tired bf/being. ruled arid robbedV -by pirates,: thieves,^'.bosses, ;-;rbo6"dlers, : ';.* : .miliio"naires,''j swindlers; .poisoners, .pickpockets, ; railroad ; senators ; ; and other criminals. ;:• But so long /as : we t keep •: out eof J the suffragejthe element jthat- would purify; it jl:don't:" know but we get- about cwhat-we i deserve!— Charier I Edward Russell. \ V .-\u25a0'.' Republican Government as It Is -—Is It a Failure ? ELLEN CLARK SARGENT Honorary President California -Equal ' Suffrage _ Association "I— HE opinion of .the writer of; this paper is that I women wiir do well .henceforth if in their 1 general meetings they make it a" point to educate themselves as "to the - mysteries : of government— what: it really is and;what .it. will mean to ..them \u25a0 when they become a part of the. body politic as they are likely soon /to be unless the signs of the times are misleading. We need to educate ourselves jjp make the best use of ournew. powers of^citizenship. We must step out into the open and make our selves so well acquainted with government in all its bearings that we will be considered authority upon the points we shall' have investigated and thus command the respect of the most intelligent people, nieri . and women. , vv . Our watchword should be duty— not -what, we individually want; but what will be ;forv.the general, good. Victor Hugo has well expressed this sentiment in his admirable book, "Les Miserables"— l quote: "It is a : terrible thing to be happy! How content • . ~ - - ' - one is! How all sufficient one finds it! How, being in possession of the false object of life, one forgets .the true object, duty!". This will save us from the pettiness of selfishness and induct us into the true largeness. of living.: Not to think only or mostly of ourselves, and how. mat- x ters affect.us individually, but. how they may affect • the larger outside world — the majority. This would 'make us truly but "a little lower- than the angels." This has ever been the greatest need of the world, love for our. neighborr-helpf ulness toward those not so well situafed ,as we ourselves may = be. Then ; we shall not hear so often from those self satisfied peo ple who tell us they have all the rights they want. Speaking with and for women of the present day . with whom we hold new and dearer relatipns vthan ever before in these glad days of our emancipation from the restricted duties of the past, we look about for a new way in which to express bur : surplus energy and, thanks to the press of the country, it points out numerous duties. and ways. of employing the time that has heretofore .been spent in arousing and interesting women in new- lines of duty which are to replace ;.tbe old and worn out sys-. terns of the past. "New occasions teach new duties." ;,Now it behooves us to study>the structure and'na ;tufe of our government from its inception to the present. Politics— -the part that women were sup posed to know and to care nothing; about. They have learned , that ; "affairs of/ government touch their interests at every point, and if they do not look after them no one else will do it for them, and they will continue to suffer wrong as they have in the past. They do not like our one sided govern ment, .all ' done by one-half of the people. They have experienced and studied it enough to know that it is not good, that it "lacks an element which women alone can supply. They know or be- s lieve that this nation^will soon die of its own rot--' tenness, unless that part of ', it which has had -no* -voice in its councils comes to the rescue and that speedily. . Women are not altogether ignorant of the de fects of this government.; Let.us teach and tell what we know for the good of the community at large. \u25a0'. .['\u25a0'\u25a0\u25a0 Some woman risks her life whenever a. soldier ;is. born into the world. For years she does. picket duty by his cradle. .Later. on she is his quartermaster and gathers his rations. And when ; that boy grows to a man "shall he say to his mother, --\u25a0'\u25a0lf you want to vote you must first go arid kill somebody?" It is a coward's argument!— Lucy Stone. I have never regarded the. desire (now as wide spread as civilization itself): that, woman should take her share in^ the duties: and labors of the national life as in^any jense a movement of the: sexes against each other, x but rather as a : great integrati ve \u25a0 movement of the sexes toward each other.-— Olive, Schreinef. ..Just as woman in literature, both as authoress and as audience, has effected a radical ;reform, an elimina tion of the 'obscenity arid harshness' from -literature and art, so woman in the s tate wilj avail to eliminate the rigors of law.'and much of , the Corruption iri-poli tics'; that ndw preva-ls.— Prof. " William IT. Harris." I? , When . you : were weak and I was jtrong I toiled for, you. -Now yotr' are, strong and lam weak.- Be cause of my work for you I ask your aid. ' I "ask the ballot? for "myself ' and ! my sex. As; I stood by you, I pray you stand \by me and mine.^-rClara Barton, to the Soldiers. \ : --v The Seattle Gonvention The National ; Woman V: Suffrage Convention '; of > thoj United > States v is now i in * session " ( July : 1 to* July. 7) at Seattle, Wash., with ; President \ Anna Howard ; Shaw -.'presiding! : The sessions * are being" heid in the Plymouth \u25a0 CongregationalTchurch." The Lincoln i ho-, tel is the \ headquarters ; for ; the delegates^ who", come " '. f California*^^is ably : represented by delegates from every dub" in the * State. Among them.'-' are v Mrs. ' Mary Simpson ? Sperry, ; Mrs. Fran- \ cesca • Pierce faftd Mrs. l , Lloyd \ Baldwin, of \ San *Fran- . : cisco; Mrs. A. N. Chapman. y executive \delegate,';' " Alameda ; ; Mrs. : Mary- McHenry Keith, Mrs. "\u25a0 San born. Berkeley ; ; Mrs; t Lillian j Harris; Coffin^ Mill 'Val ley; Drv \u25a0 Charlotte ; BaWer/; San^ Diego; Miss •:" Wills^? . l^s Angdes; ;MrsV- Kathen^ Jose;, Mrsiv^AHce L, Park, Palo v Alto; vMrs? Julia Churchill, YreksL0 , ' :"• /." -. r " - I have never seen an argument against woman suffrage that was- not flimsy. Men are much, disposed to exaggerate; the .difficulties of voting intelligently, when, they "talk : of .'women voting.;: By the time a pu.b licj; question is ready for the popular vote it has be come a very simple question,- that requires littlemore than honesty arid common sense to vote upon it. If our mothers are not fit "to .vote they ought to. stop bearing sons.— George W. Cable. "If Molly Donahue wint; to vate in a livery stable, th', first thing she'd do wud be to get a broom, sweep up th'; floors, take th' harness from th' walls, an hang up a picture iv Niagara: be. moonlight; chase out th' watchers an' polis, remove th'seegars, make _ th' judges get a shave, an p'raps invalydate th' iliction* It's no job fr her, an' I toiu her so."— « Mr. Dooley. (F. P. Dunne). ,The i weapon of Christian warfare is the ballot, which represents the peaceable assertion of convic tion and will. Society everywhere is becoming con verted to its use." Adopt it, oh, you .women, with clean^hands and a pure' heart! *\u25a0 * * If manhood suffrage is unsatisfactory, it does not at all show that woman suffrage .would : be: On the contrary, we rriight make it much better by bringing to it the femi nine mind," which, in a way, compleriients the mascu line, and so completes*the mind of humanity.— Mrs. Julia Ward Howe. - / If. we., are ever going to have a state of society whose progress shall be up and not down I-believe.it must be through woman, suffrage. ' Apart from the justice of the right conceded, the practical part must appeal to most men of unbiased minds.— -Hon. /Thomas W. Palmer. "^ ' \u25a0 V > Woman must be enfranchised. It is a mere ques tion of timei She must be a slave or an equal; there is no^middle ground. Admit, in the slightest degree, her right to property or education, and she must nave the ballot to protect the one and use the other. And there are no objections to this, except such as would equally holdHgainst the \vhole theory of republican government.— T. W. Higginson. The Declaration— What Is It? MARY McHENRY KEITH Second Vice President California Equal Suffrage Association ONE hundred and thirty-three'—y'cars ago the declaration of independence was drawn up by Thomns Jefferson and adopted by the representa tives of the United States of America in congress assembled. Year alter year, on each succeeding an niversary, the people of this country listen to its reading and hear that all men are created equal, and endowed, by their Creator with certain inalienable rights.among which are life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness — to secure which governments are instituted among men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed, and that when ever any; form of government becomes destructive of these ends it is the right of the people to alter or to abolish it, and to institute a new government, laying its foundation , on such * principles and organiz ing its powers in such form as- to them shall seem most likely to effect their safety and happiness. And because the enlightened men and women of this country, -its truest patriots and best citizens, urge that women should be included as sharers in the rights and privileges of government, as they are ir\ -all of its burdens and penalties, and because they seek'by all peaceful 'means to alter and to abolish these unjust features of; that government, they are, as a matter of course, reviled, ridiculed and misrep resented by. all the unthinking, the shallow pated and every class of undesirable citizen, including the corrupt politician, the grafter of every, description, and \u25a0 those who live by . pandering to the vices and corruption of the masses. Well has Elbert Hubbard said in. a recent issue of his journal of affirmation, the Fra: "When a man tells you -that the majority of women do not \vant to vote, and therefore equal suffrage not be granted, set him down as a pollparrot, that ; has been instructed by a \ monkey." \u25a0 So-long as;;thelaw of the land makes women political aliens in their \u25a0 own country, so Ion? ; should \u25a0they consider \it their holiest duty indignantly to *: protest ' r ; arid .loudly \u0084t o "clamor for their rights." "Let free*dom . shriek" be heard "in the land and let those ": who are battling for a voice- in -their own government xonsidef themselves: as the only true daughters of the American: revolution, a revolution which has' yet to be fought and won, amid the op position-of the ignorant and thelukewarmness of the selfish: , . * .And because "woman's cause :is man's," we urge every stump speaker in California today, every k ora tor: from every, literary, pktfornv to declare himself on this great question, which in reality is, "shall we establish a republic' in fact, asjwellas in name," and "shall we bring; into oitr voting constituency, a great moral :element>for the lack of ; which this country has'already entered upon the path of retrogression?" \u25a0Does : the* American ' man's* blood boil when he Reflects tha^ his. mother,; his wife and his sister are -classed: politically with the criminal, the pauper the ; idiot ? and the:-infant? - ;Then let him" take his ttand r for, right and justice.: Let him showhimself a true Uover; of? his country, and refrain \u25a0 from-such,plati tudes as -'.'equal rights to all, and special privileges to noncT;.^ \u25a0-"-": v ; • ' Is = h^, on* the other 'hand,, so blindly conservative so cowardly;* sol afraid to uphold : the "truth; because "it -is not>yet, popular, because Jas; yet there are not •- enough j rich women like $ Mrs. Mackay, nor : promi . nent men, to ;• nrake ; it ; safe and respectable ? ••' If he is such: a weak brother/ he will mot,r not, on the 1 other hand have -the , courage, to^attack the'propositioh that wo men - are \u25a0 living ' under3 a ityrannical form'- of; govern ment/nor will he "try to prove; that only ;raen -are entitled ;to^be exempt from taxation without re presentation. A . liililiil i i The San s> Franciscq, Sunday Call One principal cause of the failure ot so many magnificent schemes, social, political,. religious, which have followed each other age after age, has been this, that in almost everycase they have ignored the rights and powers of half the human race-viz .women. I believe that politics will not go right, that society will not go v right, thzt nothing human will ever go right, except in so far as woman goes ngnt; and to make woman go right she must be put m her place, and she must have her rights.— Charles Kmgsley. A woman is just as well qualified to cast a v>te for every municipal officer in Chicago as any man. — Bishop Samuel K. Fallows (Episcopal). You ask my reasons for believing in woman s suf frage. It seems to me almost self-evident, an axiom, that every householder and tax payer ought to hace a voice in the expenditure of the money we pay, includ ing/as this does." interests the most vital to .a human being.— Florence Nightingale. Properly understood, suffrage does not mean the appointing of ward heelers; it means the park sys tem and public -schools and hospitals and playgrounds and public libraries. In matters of this kind we can make no distinction between men and women. To day, to secure the best results in city government, we must have the common service of men and women. — Prof. ; Charles Zueblin. In quite early life. Informed the opinion that women ought to vote, because it is right, and tor the best interests of the country. Years of observation and thought have strengthened this opinion.— Bishop Bowman. Individual and judgment "are the foun dation stones of a republican government and a true civilization. Whatever lessens wefean's selt-respect or the respect of others for her is demoralizing to the entire race. The ballot is a citizen's tongue and hands. Without a ballot, and the dignity and power that scepter gives, -the moral influence of the city mothers is essentially crippled in combating the evils of society. If educated, intelligent and virtuous women had the right of suffrage our' best men would always find in them a reserve moral power to estab lish a safe and stable government — Mrs. Elizabeth Cady Stanton. It fills me with joy when I think of the, many changes that will be brought about when women have the right of suffrage. They will defy the politicians and vote as any Christian man should and would vote if he had the moral courage.— Bishop Bernard J. Mc- Quaid (Roman Catholic). If women can stand side by side with men in the halls of learning, why not in the life outside? Our educated women are pouring out of our institutions of learning in long processions. Why not open the larger doors of public usefulness and let them help to solve the pressing problems of the time? — Dr. Wo. E. Huntington, President of Boston University. I advocate woman* suffrage because I believe it to be profoundly reasonable. Women as a whole are as well qualified for the suffrage as men; they have as much at stake, and it can not be seriously claimed that the extension of suffrage would put a burden upon women which would overtax their . mental or physical strength. It will hardly be called unwomanly. Under the Australian ballot it has become a delightfully feminine function. — Prof. George G. Gardner of the Boston University Law School. I can state from experience and observation that (municipal) woman suffrage is satisfactory in its re sults in every respect. — Former Chief Justice Albert H. Horton of Kansas. -' v Why I Wish to Vote MRS. NELLY L. SCOVILLE Corresponding Secretary California Equal Suffrage Association WHY do I wish to vote? A personal question, but I will answer it. ' \ In 1776 my grandsires shouldered their flint locks and went out and fought the British- to a finish in an endeavor to establish a democracy. My grand mothers stayed at home, knit yarn stockings, molded bullets, held the plow in the fields, while the little brother, too young to go to war, trudged along barefooted and drove the oxen. Eighty-five years later, a young boy of 18, who later became my own husband, went out and for four years fought in a heart breaking war, to perpetuate that same democracy, which we have not yet achieved, have never had, and never will have until men and women alike stand free and equal before the law. I wish to vote because every great force for good in our country is disenfranchised, while every power for evil is enfranchised and fully organized Not one .will deny that the public school i 3i 3 the greatest force for good in our country, but its vot ing is \practically nothing. A3 the women teachers outnumber the men 10 to 1. Next ; in; .value, the church, with ail its allied sob cieties; oi< Sunday school, social science service Endeavor and philanthropy. It all the women connected with these diverse organizations stepped out and folded their hands, the whole fabric •would go to pieces like a house of cards The kindergarten association, the Women's Christian Temperance union and many others too numerous to mention, are all carried on by women who can not vote. . . . » «i^? a "l^ 7h7 h " C w «, mus t place the racetrack, the vice-Sll v ?* fi Sht and all forms of organized ( \f ho j?? h to vo te because of the insistent cry -•'flif V%* chl l d . rcn aiu L their tired,, overworked and half fed mothers and because, our men do^not seem able to cope with this situation. .f,. f ,- I - wn *^. toy . ot c because I desire to be a part of .the great: moving force around us 4J ' \u25a0":-; --• : \ '