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The San Francisco call. [volume] (San Francisco [Calif.]) 1895-1913, October 24, 1909, Image 13

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The San Francisco Sunday Call
I T is not the most enjoyable thing in
I the world to come home from a
cplcndid vacation In high spirits and
enter a house that has been shut'up all
the time that you have been away, tind
eeems chilly, damp, musty and alto
gether depressing. It is not only unen-
Joyable, but it is unhealthy as well, and!
people often become ill from no other
cause than this. If you cam time your
arrival co as to reach home in the
morning you can get things into livable
chape by 'night, but if your train comes
in late in the day it would be a good
plan to co to a hotel for the night or
to a friend's, rather than run the risk
of losing some of the good health you
have been laying up for future use dur
ing your stay in the country."
Of course, the thing, to do is to
throw open all the windows and let in
as much fresh arr ana sunshine as pos
**%,'. k'i* that ls onJy the
All of the bedding and the mattresses
and pillows will need to have a treat
ment of air and stinlight,-if possible on
a piazza or on clothes lines In the yard,
or, if that is not possible, by open win
dows where there is a good draught,
and the pillows and mattresses should
be beaten with a rattan beater. Then
every one of the drain and waste pipes
should have some disinfectant poured
down them — carbolic acid Is good, four
tablespoonfuls to & pint of cold' water,
cr any other germicide. Let it remain
several minutes in the sink or bowM>e
fore sending it down the pipei This
precaution is a very dangerous one to
neglect, for the # microbes and germs
have probably been reveling In these
favorite haunts during your absence.
The next thing is to sprinkle all the
floors with scraps of wet newspaper
and give the rooms a thorough sweep
ing and dusting, afterward spraying the
bare floors and carpets with a weak
eolution of carbolic acid. Then wash
off the bedsteads and springs with the
The Twentieth
Century Mother
THE modern methods of bringing up
children are very far removed from
the way in which our grand
mothers were raised. The old fash
ioned regime was founded on such pre
cepts as "Children should be seen and
cot heard" and a collection of prim
copy book maxims of which the prin
cipal idea seemed to be that the child
needed constant suppression and cor
rection and snubbing in order to keep
it in its proper place.
There were, practically no spoiled
children in those da.ys, If we are to be-
V.eve the records, yet the little folks
Wid not appear to be especially un-
V&PPS" they bad good times in a well
regulated and orderly way whenever
their elders thought best to let them,
but they were kept very decidedly
\u25a0within their own sphere, which was
quite distinct and separate from the
•phere of the growrr people. There
•was no question of chumirress be
tween the parent and child; the \u25a0 good
understanding and comradeship which
one so often sees nowadays, when
mother and daughter and father and
eon share the satae sports and inter
ests, was unthought of then. Perhaps
this is one reason why there are no
eld people now; keeping in close touch
with young folks helps to keep peflple
young, whereas a while ago the mother
or father of 40 years of age or tnere
tbcuts seemed' immeasurably old- to
their children,- and far removed from
them In every way. -
Nevertheless,- there were some good
things about the old system; too much
discipline was -without 4°"ht better for
the child and for the community In
\u25a0which it lived than no control at all,
and better for the little one's happi
ness, too, for spoiled children are al
most as much of a nuisance to them
selves as they are to other people.
The truth Is that bringing up chil
dren Is cot as simple a matter as It
teems — it is much easier to ( theorize
about it and lay down general rules to
be followed than It is to make the
treatment fit the special needs of the
child in the case. Bet there are cer
tain principles that are general and
apply under all circumstances; one is
the absolute . need of steadiness and
falraeaa in dealing with . a child. If
you* punish It once for doing a, thing
and the next time, overlook , the same
offense the child Is apt to take a gam
bler's chance the third. time of. getting
off ecot free, and you have lost, every
particle of moral effect .'that you had
gained by the punishment .In the first
Lima. Bean Salad
Mr«. F. G. Chriatcnaen, Saata Rosa
Soak the beans ovtr night and cook
next morning" until done;- season with
butter, salt and- pepppr.; Strain, .add
*ome finely chopped parsley and ahred
ded lettvee and a small piece of onion.
Ferve on lettuce leaves with any good
salad dretsing. . . .
Premium Ansel Cake — Sift scant cup
of Sour seven times; sift heaping cup
of sugar seven times; »beat whites of
11 eggs, add a* level lt-aspoonful of
cream of tartar when about -half, beaten.
Put a pinch of salt in the egge before
beating. When beaten, gradually add
the sugar, then the -flour , and. a tea
tpoonful of vanilla. Balce,*ss minutes
In a moderate oven. Put a cup of water
in oven while baking. - - - , . -
A To extract onion, juice, rub the onion
«acrofi» the grater, and the- Juice' will
Yun off the point of the grater.
Lemun Crrom Pie—Two-tablespoon
fuls of cornstarch dissolved in, water,
one and a quarter cups boiling Water;
•when boiling stir In the corr.starch and
cookointil it thickens; one cup of sugar,
one teaapoonful butter, juice and grated
rind of two lemons, yelks of three egge.
, stir *"•!!, " \u25a0 ,-; : ~ : - "\u25a0 ;-f-
carbolic water and dry them with a
cloth. The musty ; odor will disappear
and things will smell^sweet apd fresh
when this has been done.
AH of the dishes and kitchen utensils,
should be washed in hot soapsuds be
fore they aro^ujed; simply dusting them
.Is not sufficient unless you are willing
to consume a few million of microbes
with yqur first meals. The dish, closet
and pantry shelves, the kitchen tables
and the refrigerator should be washed
with hot suds in which there is a little
, household ammonia. ... :\u25a0.
This amount of cleaning will make
the house fit to live in, but the house
keeper will not feel really comfortable
'until all the .various rites of house
cleaning have been duly performed. For
this function some very methodical
house keepers make an alphabetical list
of the things that must be done, and it
is a great convenience to have this sort
of compendium , of the best ways and
processes to save time and worry .dur
ing the house cleaning. It is better to
take a room at a time Instead of {urn
ing the whole house upelde down at
once, and in this way it Is really riot
so much of an ordeal as the masculine
part of the community would have us
believe. ..
• To begin at the beginning, the first
subject is .
Aprons — Wear a short skirt and an
-enveloping apron that comjs down to
the edge of the skirt, and an old waist
with elbow sleeves, If you want to be
comfortable. . •
Bathroom— Kerosene oil will remove
dirt and stains from. the porcelain tub
and bowls. For bad spots use pow
dered rottenstone with the kerosene;
this, gives a gentle friction, but will
not Bcratch the surface. Pour a strong
hot solution of washing-soda down all
the pipes to clear them. If the floor
is tiled wash it with soap and some
good cleaning powder. When the tiles
are badly stained pour a little muriatic
acid on them and rub with a woolen
cloth; be very, careful not to- inhale the
fumes. For the nickel fixtures direc
tions are given under nickel.
place. Don't .jerk the reins; drive
steadily; and never punish- a child" in
anger. To fly at a child and strike' it
in exasperation is a shock to its nerv
ous system, and is much more likely
to arouee its passionate resentment
than to make it sorry for what it has
done. Moreover, it always looks brutal,
and cowardly to strike a child in this
way, and it calls forth an Involuntary
attitude of . fear and cringing even In,
high spirited children that Is really
pitiful to see. Another thing that has
a very, bad -effect is to make promises
and not -keep them; the child soon
comes to have a poor opinion of your
given word, its sense of justice is of
fended and it** respect for a law and
order which it can not understand and
which seems simply a matter of your*
caprice. Is not very great.
Next to. a fair and steady government
the most Important point in bringing
up children is to let them live/ out of
doors as much as possible so that they
will be healthy, for if they are ailing
they are apt to be fretful and trouble
some. And then give them something
to do that will interest them, to keep
their active, restless little minds em
ployed. A sand heap in the back gar
den is, a thing for both of
these purposes'. It is best to have It
in a large box or inclosure, so as to
corral .the very young children and
also to keep the pile from wandering
around the garden, as it is apt to 'do
with the constantand vigorous shovel-
Ing it receives. Little seashells and
bits of coral scattered through the sand
make It seem more interesting, and big
clamshells are the best kind of shovels.
For babies of the creeping age or
,those.*vho are able to walk just a little
play: boxes for out of doors are often
made.. They are a yard or two square
and about 25 Inches high, padded with
'a» old comforter In the bottom and
lined sides apd bottom with some ma
terial that can tre removed and washed
once in i a while. -If holes are bored for'
rope handles it will be much easier to
move the box around the" yard, and in
this way, with a few playthings, the
- baby can spend,many hours in the open
-.air.:., i > .. . " \u25a0• ... \u25a0\u25a0\u25a0
If children" are .kept supplied with
something to do that interests them
they are much less likely to be naughty
than" if they"; are idle. The present
methods used for all the wayward chil
dren in the reform schools is to get
them Interested in. some manual work,
to let them make something that will
be worth having when it is finished.
It is a good plan to show children how \u25a0
to construct their. own toys as soon as
they, are old "enough 'to handle tools;
•with safety. , A.b oy .will take a pride
and satisfaction in a boat which he has
helped to make- himself far greater
than that which" "he; will feel in one
bought at 'a stpre," provided his own
boat is as good an<j as i workmanlike as
the one that has been purchased.
, Before they are old -enough -to. make
things with tools, -kindergarten meth- *
ods. give. the little, folks an idea of how
to use their lingers and "awaken them
to the pleasure aAI importance of pro
ducing things, ';• We "have.; all seen one •
of the youngest ..members of the family
return, from \ kindergarten^ proudly
bearing a strange looking- paper basket.
of a lopsided clay 'pear which .wo have
been very careful' not; to smile at arid !
for which wet have .expressed our un
bounded admiration.— :- •\u25a0'..; '. ".- '"\u25a0 .
A child who i? taught to be skillful
with his hands *\u25a0 is far more • apt to be
well balanced and mentally, 1 fit.. than.o ne
who has never had the manual training,
and the more \of . this sort of /thing a/
child can acquire" the. "better equipped
he will be for, learning, other things:
later, on. _ . '\y- :• . ,
Chicken Corn Pie (Enough for
Six People; Try It) >
Mri.' Louisa Pratt, 274 .North Fifth
!-. • '\u25a0 - \ Street,; Snn;Jo»e^.-' .
.'.-; Ingredients : Three " 'dozen " ears of
corn, three; young \broilers,, 20- cents'
worth' of cross : ribs,". 5 '-.cents', worth
of*''' raisins, i ' - s >.' cents'—; "i. worth "-. ,' . of
olive's; one large ; onion,- ' four ; eggs, \u25a0 one
pint of milk, one-cup of' sugar,- .half, a
cup of butter, half a cup of lard. '-, 'Pre
pare the •^lngredients for the.; pie as
follows: ' \ ; •\u25a0* '\u25a0* -\u25a0\u25a0\u25a0 -*;.\u25a0>'--< •:.\u25a0'-": ;:;\u25a0\u25a0= *v ' v--
First, grate fhe corn;. add* the' mljk,
eupar. \u25a0 butter -and 'lard; r 6econd,";:roast
the brollers.> then: cut 'In. . portions:
third, boil the meat until and
chop in small pieces, fry In someof. the
stock (lefto ver, frpm- boiling), 1 together
with chopped onion, raisins,, and^ojives;
add a little salt: fourth, bpil the eggs
until- hard;, cut, in.slices.:;. slices. :; . .\u25a0". \u25a0 " ;
'Select -a larger roasting, pan, -spread
a layer, of' corn jar the bottom;?then'a
layer -'of i chicken, then i fried meat, 1 arid
then a layer.of Jsliced egg.; \u2666 Place*in,a
moderate. warm/oven> for.; 30n minutes
until a^rlch "brown; color. .Sprinkle, a
little .sugar; over, the" top 'before ser v.
ing.hot.-.'; :-—./';\u25a0- ; '\u25a0'- / r v.''K* "\u25a0'\u25a0"". "--\u25a0"-'-
\u25a0- Bells or Door Plates— Make a shield
of ..oilcloth to' protect the wall," then
.\u25a0use brass'or. nickel polish, as the case
v may be.. \u25a0J" N .
Brass— Wash _ with soap !and_ water,
wipe ; dry ,, and polishL with- a": paste of
powdered<r'ottenstone mixed with sweet
oil. * Another excellent preparation*, for
brightening ; brass .is the -red pomade
sold. f6r the purpose,- used on: a flannel
cloth wrung out of- kerosene. ,- Spots
can be removed with salt and\.vinegar
or a cut lemon. Lacquered brass [can
be cleaned with a, soft' cloth* wet In
alcohol. " \u25a0 •
Bronie— r-Dust thoroughly, wash with
soap and ammonia '-'. water," rinse; dry
and polish with a. wbolen?*cloth and a
few drops of sweet .dll. • Then give a
final polishing with a very soft cha
mois. .\u25a0. \u25a0 . : "~ • " \u25a0-'.; '. --•-^.
Brooms 'and Brushes— These should
be y washed In soapsuds and -ammonia;',
.rinsed, and .dried in 'the. sun," 5. as. soon'
as. all the rest of the housecleaning }s
over. -\u0084
Candlesticks— Xever scrape off the
'lumps of - wax from candlesticks, in
stead place them in a pan; over the tea
kettle or somewhere: that they can" be
warmed; through without being sub- 1
jected to too violent a heat k .Then
wipe them off while still hot with clean'
"cloths .until all. the -grease ' has . lieen
removed. ..••'.-' \u25a0-;., .^ > \u0084.
Cane' J>eals of - Clinlrs— -Wash Avith
warm 'soapsuds, rinse and 'dry, .then
turn them upside down- andi thoroughly
wet the under side and set -; them in
the sim -to clry. After this rcyarnish
or shfellac the'upper' surfaces. •'. \u25a0\u25a0;
• j Carafes— Cut some plecesF-of raw po
tato and put into the carafe with wood
ashes and'a littlfe water;;shake, thor
oughly until -it is. cjean, then; wash
with soapsuds and ammonia* rinse and
dry. '• '\u25a0 > -t ': ' : >- \u25a0 -^ - "\u25a0';-'\u25a0 . /\u25a0\u25a0^.'•\u25a0.
• Cut Glass— -Wash in. warm suds and
ammonia, scrub with a' stiff brush,
rinse, In hot water and let dry without
-wiping. .":.." ' ' » ;'\u25a0
Carpet— lf .the. carpet simply' needs
a little brightening first sweep it
Selected Recipes for
Modern Housekeepers
, Two pieces of sterling silver, tableware are awarded this week to the
general rocipes. Next, Sunday, October '3l, two more pieces "of sterling silver \
tableware will be : given- as prizes for: the two best soup recipes ; and, the
following Sunday, November- 7, two similar pieces of silverware will be given
as prizes for the best rules for cooking' the next", course on the menu— fish. ;
As it is the purpose of this department to go through the contents of the
entire cook book, and as 'the utmost care will be used to select only; those
recipes that are really practical and unusually.- good, we" wish to suggest to
our readers that a very compact" and excellent cook book can be made by
cutting out, this department each week and pasting it in an ordinary blank
book, leaving several empty pages after each heading, as we shall go back
and go over the ground again when the list has been completed. A great '
many women have made Call ccrok books by "cutting out' the recipes and
sorting and pasting them under the several headings, but with the' present
plan of classification' the is much simplified, and a cook : book of
these practical recip*es,' furnished by the housekeepers of California, can be
made with a very small amount of trouble. . ,
THIS WEEK. - : , - " - . \u25a0\u25a0\u25a0\u25a0 v .
Sterling Silver Bonbon
Spanish .Stew
Mrs. A. J. : 2422 McGee
.\ .^.Avenue, Berkeley r
' Melt half a gup of ,beef suet in a
good size kettle, and '- when hotvdrop
in six medium size onions, sliced ; stir
these whiler cooking v to prevent burn
ing and when, tender drop in six; me
dium size 'tomatoes, sliced, \u25a0 and from
wshicli' the skins have been removed.
{This furnishes . more; liquid for, the
Btew, to which no water,, must be
added,, and makes: it less-apt to burn,
but occasional, stirring Is necessary.
While the tomatoes are ; cooking add
three bell peppers, sliced thin, leaving
ouf the cores.> /Add -salt, liberally and
from a quarter to half a-teaspodnful
of cayenne pepper, according to taste.
Lastly, add a pound of^ weH- cooked
beef cut into small Tpieces.- The beef
should ; be lean and- tender, and; need
not be prepared especially for 'the stew,'
but can be left- over from ia pot:roast
of the day before, ' or from an oven
roast if it be boiled until tender be
fore adding- to : the ' stew. \u25a0 This recipe
has been ;. tried 'many times^ and. has
proved., most- suocessful and : makes a
pleasant change from', the , ordinary
bill •of fare.f The t stew . be
served hot on hot plates. With bread
and butter it i furnishes a meal In It
self. - '-•:. \u25a0':\u25a0- '-V \u25a0-\u25a0'-\u25a0:. \u25a0\u25a0 . \u25a0\u25a0-: '.' •< -,
Delicious Peach v . Pudding and
. >- ; • ; \u25a0 . -"Cake ' ''\u25a0 : \u25a0\u25a0-\u25a0\u25a0'.\u25a0
31r». \V. D. Klttredge, 2104 Vine Street,
\u0084-..', : ... •'.•.•; v Berkcley>>; >v • / '\u25a0•.';.\u25a0;
Fill a pudding dish with' whole-peeled
peaches and pour over, them two cups
of water. Cover closely.and bake until
peaches are. tender; -.then* drain ' juice
from pi^a'ches and Jet It stand until cool.
Add to-- the: juice one pint sweet milk,
fouivwoll beaten eggs, aumall cup flour
with- one ' teaspoonful -~ baking- powder
mixed in it ; : one . cup . sugar;f one 1 table
spoonful melted butter, and \ a'H ttle salt
Beat well; three ;or:-four; minutes and
pour over- peaches lri; Tdlsh. "-Bake .until
a rich brown A and.serv.eiivitli' cream. .. --
.-.,., .:...-\u25a0 \u25a0 \u25a0 \: r , --^,-,;. .\u25a0..;\u25a0,,-. ...
Mlfis '(Marlon -U.^Monls. >Seba«<opol v :
.Two • eggs,' i yolks are^added ;*two ' level
tablespoons of flour.'a ualtspoon of salt,
a dash of peppery a teaspoon' of melted
butter,. -and.; a generous- half ; a> cup<of
milk; :* mix /thoroughly . to^ -a- • «camv, :
Bmoothness-'Another. teaspoon of . milted
hutter'-is put, in the^dlsh in which' it.
is'to :. be> cooked 'and served,;, and. the;
mixture * poured -ln.v* It ; Is -then j stirred
over' the. flre' -until it -la; almost as : thick;
as double, cream. *': Removing^ from^the^
flre the two eggy whites aroibeaten. as'
•stiff :*:as possible and ' folded Un :
placed in; the', oven > to-set.iv It Is • < ai->
lowed j to ostand 10, minutes before," serv
'Jng; in \u25a0 ppito of . which ( the ; last' spoonful
served :, is '• as delicate 1 ; as » the llr? t. : J
experimehted>v.'lthra small -one, hoping
-.10 -make., one which; would retain its;
puflinoss. anu was - successful. Ll^: never,
falls. to bo good. / ;. ' -, , "v ,
G irjger.V Wafers
• ' '.'._ Mrs.";CarTle;Hovey^ftuarta -\l J">
! A cup- of ;molass'esib6iledT2s'; minutes*
a cup-, of 'lard- v orJbutter,>'a;Bpoonful>of
ginger,"^ half ;a'-; teaspoon y of \u25a0* soda; l pinch
of-. sal t;v flour -i to-j»thlcken:;sroll» thin ~. on'
bottom of dr,lpplng/pan;:cut in squares
when ;done.':s Del lciouß.,;i--'V-'-; •> ; r • -.-'-.
V Sonift lIIIIR Good— Take > veal \or meat,
boil" tiHvtendcr/arid'mlncelwlth" onion,
parsley;' one egg> cracker ; make a pas te
same as- for. noodles;* roll; and?; cut; size
of,. saucer..; i spread '•> wiih;mlhce!meat and
roll.;' Cook? 20 'minutes -cinj meat -stock
Rndservo with- chill gravy: with -grated
cheese; and* oil v*» \u25a0 x • : ' „
thoroughly and then scrub it' with
\u25a0<a half pint of oxgall in. a gallon, of
Sterling Silver
A Delicious, Savory, - Cheese
>Irs. Dcrtha M. Ileid.Guatlne .
This is 1 a -good way ! of using ,up odd
pieces of • pastry /-and"!" stale scraps of
cheese. r ;One eggv and one extra .yolk;
two ounces of butter,; three ounces o.f
grated cheese.-saltand peppertb taste,
quarter '= of a. pound of pastry.' Break
the, egg and. extra yolk Into * a basin
and beat vthem well. Melt the * butter
and add-it: slowly te the eggs, -also th^
grated cheese and a dust -of salt; and
pepper: Roll; out the pastry" very thin,
thejistamp it with cutter size of 'the top
of a claret: glass; spread a little' of the
cheese mixture over , one round, leaving
a narrow/ \u25a0* border,*, of ' pastry, arouna;
brush the edge of a second round- with^a
beaten", egg or r water,- lay it over the
mixture, and -press the .'edges /together.
Lay on a -slightly greased. baking tin;
bakein a quick oven about^lO minutes.
Sprinkle ;them;dver with grated cheese
and serve on lace paper."- \u0084 ' / v
Larnb\ (Virginia Styje)
Mr«. It; Clay, 1037 'Market Street, San
\u25a0 .. :',\u25a0--_ : •;- Francisco *; ;;/..--. i '' 1 •.\u25a0 / ' ; .
Take a', hind "quarter of 'lambi 'or
mutton,, lay It onva /greased -pon-and
brown in; hot : oven. -.;> Heat a quart of
vinegar: With a tablespoonful of butter,
a dash 'of ; cayenne -pspper.. and :a : '.tear
spoonful/of.:salt."v Wnile, the roast. 'is
cooking-keep \it .well moistened \u0084with
the hot vinegar and adda little :to the
pan. >,•\u25a0/ Co"6k ; an v< hour ' and a ,' half.' Her'
move . meat : and pour- > in v irema|n4ng
vinegar and" thicken- with alittle-flour
rubbed, smooth ;in^half a- tpacupful Jof
water. very fine whßn • eaten
cold,.aa ! the hot, vinegar. carries off* the
strong taste'of, mutton so disagreeable
to> many." people. ; .'• . . :
Stuffedi Bell Peppers
," '\ ; 3Tcvl«, : Santa; Clam , -
' Take fabout-10 cents' -worth^ of nice:
hamburgVateak,/- three." large •\u25a0\u25a0: tomatoes .
(equal- amount of canned tomntoes .will E
do >as iwell).> one onion -chopped* fine,;;:
.three? heaping '.tablespoonfulsyof ', corn;
meal.'bno > large tablespoonful' of butter,"
one teaspobnful salt, a little black pep-i
per, about half a cupful i of .water.' Woric i
all together well with the* hands;. "v ;
-'•Choose large,'almost'round.ibell'pep
pers, 'cut>'the'^tops' evenly,; around, re-s
move all seeds and pulp from Inside.;fill-
with the above, put tops on peppers and'
bake; in about^one ?inchiot I water, for;:
about73s' s minutes. in \u25a0airnoderatejoven:^
This will .stuff about ; nix: large p«ppers.i
Try it;, they are-delicious either;hot or;,
cold.. v; : ,..,- :^.,;^',,.v;;. : ..-, ;-;;-,-.:;,:
Corn Meal Souffle
Mm, Helen 11. Labree, U«43 Monniouth
,^ Avenue; ;Lo» *t.
%*> Place bn'the-flre in 'double-boiler one
pint: of;' milk.r.Let; scald, and »add -very,
slowly\twOf thirds .cup -corn ;<meal .and
tHree-quarters ivteaspoonful^ salt.:" 'Stir,'
thoroughly « and let? cook? half .anlhour.'
or*'untTl f the \ corn '\u25a0< meal I is i well 4 cooked \
and 'free; from the ''\u25a0 raw ;taste icorn r meal
has "when "not .well t cooked." Take»from;
fire and' add." beating: in; thoroughly," one.
good ?iteaspoonfulft-ibutter,"A; and £\u25a0\u25a0 when ;
the mushj is: partially -cool! the* yolks jof
four eggs/one at a tlme.alsoiwell'beat^,
en <\u25a0 in. ?iWhlpitherf our iwhites' t stiff iandj
fold "lightly "into? the - mush;-^ which »• by,
thiSitlmevis^cool.^ Butter; your baking
dish and poyrtheimixture into ifc,^placo;
in -pan of ;hot'wat«r.rlni such i;a*: manner:
that the- baking'dish;wlll>fltjahd;not let:
Bake 30 minutes by the dock; and serve
hot? for; either; breakfast"^ or supper;; A
delicious. dish.* .. ,;• , ."\u25a0 , "T .'-•>"-." ' ' : ;
soft water, or..wlth ammonia and water.
When very.'.soiled make; suds of white
soap and^water^and add-enough fuller's
earth to give 'it; thY^cbnslstency of thin
cream. -Pour J some of this ' into a bowl,
dip;, the' scrubbing! brush vlnto; it and
scrub 'a yard 'of 'theTcarpet at a; time,
rinsing; with a 1a 1 sponge 'and cold water,
and arying with a cloth; do not allow
any one" to walk oofn f it until It is per
fectly dry. .- .:.-.- "
Cellar— Clean thoroughly; «H1 up all
the mouse or rat holes with chloride
of lime: apply a;coat\bf 'whitewash to
.the walls, ceiling" and' pillars.
- Copper— Clean with' salt dissolved In
hot' vinegar; if: very much, discolored
.use oxalic acid, then' polish with rot
tenstone and sweet oil. '
- Curtail^— Shake ; out all' dust; \u25a0 soak
overnight) In -plenty ---of v cold .water;
rinse ,; in j several | waters -in' the morn
ing, then put the, curtains into hot suds
and' squeeze-, and .stir'- the dirt* out
•vvlthout-iirubbi'ng.^'-! Wash! : them In a
second"; tub. 'bf -siids,;' then - if. they, are
still a bad. color, boil I them, rinse well
and pass: them" through ', the
( never \u25a0, wring'- them'; by hand).-
in \ .thin-iboiled:-" starch ; : having, a little
bluing in it. for white curtains or
coffee r for.; ecru • curtains. While still
damp stretch them in a curtain "stretch
er, orjpiri them down to the carpetover
*" rlean- sheet. ;: .. : , . , \u25a0
-. Furnltnre-^-Clean .with kerosene;.pol
ish "with : p**raffihe oil or " beeswax and
turpentine 'mixed- when warm; rub until
dry, ' using' a soft V woolen : cloth. For
Uents or bruises wet the -place with
warm water, arid place a pad of blotting
or brown paper slx;or seven folds thick,
saturated j wlth ; warm: water, . over the
bruise. 'Apply.- a hot flatlron to this,
first protecting, the surrounding wood
so^ that it- will not be blistered;. repeat
If necessary until the* dented surface is
again t level. For • blue or white marks
touch" very' lightly, but "repeatedly with
a drop or .two of alcohol on linen cloth;
if this -Is" not 'done carefully it will
blister, the surface. \u25a0 :
£ Gilt Frames— White oj egg beaten lip
with one ounce oft soda. Apply with a
A home .witnoni a garden is in
complete; It is not the ideal home.
I Pleasure and health both demand
that there shall.be at least a little plot
of ground where part of ;the time can
;be spent In the open. : Out of door liv
ing is being practiced more and more
widely every year; at least nine out of
every 10 of the' new houses now being
built x in. 'California. ; have sleeping
porches as one of theifj important fea
tures, and the 'plazza3, pergolas • and
courts,. all common ground between the
house and out of doors, are increasingly
popular. But- the garden is better than
any of these, and to make it beautiful
is. one of Hhe ambitions' of the woman
.who wants her* home' to be , the most
.• satisfying and attractive place to every
member of the family. No matter how
small the plot, of ground; may* be, if it
is*only the space allowed by a narrow
city; lot, .it cast be made 'to answer the
purpose. Pn fact; tt has been said that
"small gardens are'often Mh'e most beau
tiful and best. for thej happiness of their
owners," They? cans.be; given the in
dividual care,' the lovlrig oversight and
attention under. which plants do their •
best and which is not always possible
in a large garden. : *;-.4; -.4 t .
The amateur, gardener will find that"
; there' are -questions constantly arising' 1
whiclr she win be "glad^.to- have an
swered—^questions ,of .wliat and when
to plant ;-. of .what? special <\u25a0 care to" give
to the: different shrubs arM vines and
flowers; how to prepare'the' soil In or
der to get the_ best results; what plants'
to select for' certain locations; how to
drive. : away ;' insect "pests* and a great
many other questions .which/ come up
frequently in the practical care of a
garden.",' lt is In order to. answer these
-questions and to furnish easily unuar- ;
stood and uritechnical information in as
I lnterestlng;a;ma»ner as. possible to the
home; gardener- that"; trie, garden depart
ment; has been organized.:- "*--\u25a0
Calendar of Garden: Operations for the '
\ •: -Month : of October
This Is, the-time for .planting "your
. Dutch ' bulbs ' for. date- winter or \ earlj
spring.'blooming; ••these: bulbs ;are the
hyacinths; the .long: stemmed tulips'
which take far more; kindly to the soil
and climate of California than -the short
stemmed varieties; delicate ; fresias, ncii
,ding; daffodils,' gorgeoup -flag > lilies or
irises, and the' pale, pretty 'snowdrops.' '
T,HE,whltG embroideries this year are
'very numerous and jjeautifuL White
is\ '..after, all; ,the favorite* with needle
women for every purpose for which-' its <
delicacy does not make ; it \u25a0 unsuitable.'
Of course : for.-_ pillows and 5 scarfs,.'ex
cept In very, light and'daintlly.fvirnished
rooms; it is - ; not ; thes proper.; thing, ' but
W... -'..\u25a0. \u25a0/? \u25a0\u25a0•;/. ;.\u25a0•','...• ;<"-\u25a0 ;.\u25a0:.' -.'"'.-.•\u25a0 t ', \u25a0;•-';';-.],
for ' neckwear - arid .waists aand.under
wear^.aridv table ] embroideries J .white
work; upohlwhite- material: is "and prob
ably7alway"s will : be -the -thing that' is
liked? besV^O';^'' /;.-.;-/.o ; \'' \u25a0.-^,-':'Z-:. \u25a0.:'.:'\u25a0:
j/iThe v most uplto dateVof / the tabs and
Jabots ; this?; year .have^bits .ot r Irish
crochet - lace,"-: little • separate - motif* lav
soft brush and wipe off with a silk
cloth. For bad spots let the mixture
remain on, 10 minutes before removing.
.' Glass Vases-— Stains caused by flowers
can be taken off by using tea leaves
wet with vinegar. '7, »
i Leather Chairs— Clean with spirits of
wine or, hot milk; polish with a thin
mixture of melted, wax and turpentine.
Linoleum — Wash- with lukewarm
water- and a soft cloth; . never scrub.
Polish with a dry cloth.
Matflns— This can be cleaned with
salt and water. . . . ."
Marble— ilix parts of powdered
whiting 1 with one of powdered bluing
and^a half pint of soap suds.; heat to
the boiling point and apply, hot with
a soft cloth. Let it remain until dry,
then wash '[ it- off with hot water in
which alittla salts of lemon has been
dissolved. Dry with a piece of soft
Match Stains on, walls can be re
moved . -. with whiting,' ' powdered
pumice and water.
Jllrror*— Pour some-: ammonia on a
.soft cloth and rub the ; - mirrors ; well,
then take a" clean, soft cloth and wipe
dry; polish with newspaper.
Mektl— Rub with whiting mixed- to
a paste with kerosene and polish with a
dry woolen doth. If the nickel has
rusted, cover the / spots with mutton fat
and let it- remain for several days, then
«rub>wifh-rottenstone and sweet oil and
finally polish with whiting and kero
sene. ."-.\u25a0' *
\u2666Oil. Cloth— Wash with milk or luke
warm soapy water. Polish with sweet
oil and rub dry.with Woolen cloth.
, : Palnt and. Painted Walls — Dipa'soft
cloth In kerosene and rub it over the
surface until.^the dirt : loosens, -then
wash with lukewarm water and dry
with- a cloth.
Pianos — Polish with a mixture of one
part turpentine ; and two -parts par^f
. fine .oil. -then rub dry with soft linen
: or. silk. Oil of lemon on a woolen cloth
applied very sparingly but with hard
rubbing will remove the blue haze that
sometimes comes over the wood.
Varnished 'Woodwork— To a pall of
lukewarm water add a pint of strong
Tne tnree earliest bult>s to 0100 m are
the French Roman, hyacinths, paper
white grandiflora narcissus and the
large fresias — the last named are per
haps the least known of the bulbs, yet
they are among the mest" charming. If
planted In October, these three varieties
will come into bloom in January. The
tulips and narcissus blossom in* April.
A light rich soil is- best for the
tulips, daffodils, hyacinths and fresias;
they should be planted about eight
inches apart and" from three to six
Inches deep. The iris requires a more
moist and clayey soil than the other
bulbs. Its natural habitat is b>' a
stream or lake* but if it Is kept well
\u25a0watered and earth is, made, very rich
before planting it will do well In oth
er, locations. The bulbs should be set
only about an inch below the surface.
•-. October, is also the proper time for
planting the perennial flowers for next
year, such •as coreopsis, gaillardia.
Canterbury bells, perennial phlox, fox
glove, ;" perennial * larkspur and the
oriental poppies. Pansies, scarlet flax,
mignonette, sweet' peas and many other
tiny medallions or sometimes strips ot
insertion set into them/ and around or
above or below .these the small leaves
and flowers of French and eyelet work
are embroidered. Others have designs
done entirely: ln French and eyelet em
broidery either In white or in the [ col
ored .' cottons '; to' match some 'special
dress-or'short waist- with which- they
are*. to; be worn.
: The. use of , couching, a very quick
and effective stitch. Is noticeable in a
great- many of ;. the - embroideries this*
season.> It is used for stems andscrolls
arid for" outlining forms, on 'the large
heavy Iwhite linen centerpieces, em
broidered in white silk. A rather
coarse ; floss is ; selected for couching
and thestitches in a fine silk are taken
across It at 'intervals of three-eighths
of.aninch.<-,A,g00d r many of the forms \u25a0
in' the "designs .are padded heavily and
done. In satin and various, other
fancy stitches,; such as the cross barred
diaper, are- occasionally, used.' .".-.-
The sets, consisting ot eenterpleces
airid';-. dollies.f iare, most -.of . them__ in"
French' and eyelet work, with the eye
lets very,'numerbus;and'"open. - -For. the
bureau /scarfs -and "little pincushions
theVdainty^white cross* barred linen is
used^and this "in white
cotton-1 or- silks 'iand. then'
moiltited; over colored silk linings. . The
plain'lawn r or linen L has a new decora
tion/this; year. of ,a~ sort of Roman cut
done\in .white jsilk. • This "has
some ; of the -forms "buttonholed, then
cut;outVand. the > spaces filled In with
fagoting, v.while ;othe'r * parts of the - de
'sign'are worked in, satin stitch.
,A* most 'attractive little sewing apron
is - shown In the Illustration : Its ; entire
outer C edge >is finished with- button
holing; and 'the -remaining portions .of
the -'butterflies. arev'etched mv.with- a
sketchy outline: stitch. ,>' Butterflies . are
favorite rsubjects if or i embroidery just
how;"; they, are: seen on tabs "'and pillows
and bureau sets and many} other. things,
executed mi all" sorts of stltche3.
\u25a0 . - . -.. - . '* ; \u25a0 -' \u25a0 i j ' - . ~
vinegar, dip a cloth in this, wring it out
well and go over the woodwork twice.
Then polish with boiled linseed oil, to
which a little gasoline has been added.
Bad spots can be removed with linseed
oil and rottenstone.
Wall Paper — For spots of grease or
dirt mix pipe clay and water to the
consistency- of cream, la^ this on the
spots and leave for"a day, then brush
it off carefully. If the paper Is not very
soiled brus"h in straight, downward
lines with a broom covered with a soft
cloth-- 1 If much soiled use very stale
bread cut in. slices and in the lightest
manner possible wipe the paper down
ward, cleaning a yard at a time and
being careful not to leave any mark 3.
Wicker. Willow or Rattan Fnrniture
— Clean with ammonia and water or
salt and water.
Windows — To remove paint and putty
from the glass, make a strong solution
of saleratus in hot water and saturate
the spots; let it remain until nearly dry,
then rub off with a woolen cloth; be
careful not' to let it touch the wood
work. Wash the "windows with weak
black tea mixed with a little alcohol;
polish with Ory whiting. Or wash with
ammonia in the same way as you would
wash mirrors.
Window SUN and Sashes — Rub with
bqfled linseed oil and polish well with a
woolen cloth.
Wood Floors — Wash with warm
water and kerosene and reflnish with
floor wax or boiled linseed oil well
rubbed in.
; Zinc — Clean with kerosene and a
woolen -cloth; remove bad spots with
kerosene and bath brlok; or clean with
a paste of whiting: and ammonia and
polish with dry flannel.
Having a list of this kind saves a
good deal of mental wear and -tear and
perhaps it explains in a measure why
house cleaning seems so much less of an
ordeal to some people than to others.
It is a good plan to make a note ot
the cleaning; preparations or taelr In
gredients that you ar« colas to need
and to buy these at tins 4rujrfftstfs or
grocer's before yon Mast la yrtzh. *£•
work. •
annuals tr planted now will bloom early
in the. winter.
Sow these seeds in shallow boxes
having a third sand. & third loam and a
third leaf mold, and transplant them
a few weeks later.
The seeds of annuals must b« fath
ered during this month.
Put in your new lawn or renovate
your old one In October, so that it
will get a. good start for the early
spring- r>o not try to grow blu«
grass In San -Francisco or anywhere
that there is sandy soil, but use in
stead Pacific rye grass or Australian
rye grass. Blue grass will not Sour
ish where the soil is sandy, but either
of the others will give good results.
The Pacific rye is the better oi the
two, as it has a smaller blade and Is a
true perennial.
Among the flowers .now blooming in
the gardens which belong distinctively
to this month are the asters, the dahlias
and the dalsylike cosmos; and it is
during October that the chrysanthe
mums come forth in their tallest
The underwear designs are as a ml*
quite, delicate and graceful; there is a
tendency to spread the pattern In order
to set as much effect with as little
labor as possible. The mercerised
working cotton Is used for the flowers
and leaves in the French and eyelet
work, and as a rule No. 23 Is the size
chosen, for it is the perfect execution
of the work, and not the fineness ot the
cotton that .tells in the effect. This Is
a point always emphasized by one of
the foremost embroidery- experts of the
country, who has proved her claim by
her own .work and work done under
her direction. She very seldom uses
the finer, cottons and yet her embroid
eries are exceptional for their delicacy.
The- new shirt waist designs are
very attractive: some are floral and
some are conventional. The one shown
in the * Illustration does not belong
-.*-*\u25a0»***•/ to either class, hut lt"ls a most
effective pattern. '

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