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The San Francisco call. [volume] (San Francisco [Calif.]) 1895-1913, January 14, 1910, Image 1

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DO YOU LOVE HORSES?
A Page of Sketches of San Francisco
Horses Will Be Published in
THE SUNDAY CALL
VOLUME OVIL— NO. 45.
OFFICIALS AND
BANKERS NAMED
BY GRAND JURY
District Attorney and Treasurer
of San Mateo Accused of
Wrong Doing
Two Bankers Indicted for Fail
ure to Pay Interest on the
County Funds
Justice Accused of Combining
the Work of Judge and
Debt Collector
OITIM • l.> arruird of malfraaance
io ofllcr:
DlMtrlct Attorney aoarph J.
tluiloHc
t ounty Treasurer I'hllander I*. Ch«m
herlnfn.
JitKtlce of ihr l»e»«-e AVaKer G. Kove
land.
IndictnientM returned «g«in«l:
l>r. J. I- R«i». president of the Fir«t
nationnl bank of Redwood Citj-.
1,. r. nehren«. vanbler of the Flrwt
naiional bank «f lledwood City.
Secrecy Is Observed
[Special Dispatch to The Call]
rtKDWOOO CITY; Jan. }3.— Although, j
;:.- greatest secrecy has been main- j
tainpd by members of the grand jury,!
* which vk*s in f=-sj=ion here all day yes
terday. it wa.= learned today that the
inquisitorial body returned accusations
of malfea&ance in office against three
county officials* and voted indictments
against the president and cashier of
th'- FirPt national hank of San Mateo
Ipon the advice of Attorney General
17. .S. Webb, who was consulted by
ijeorpe A. Kerte.il at San Francisco,
nothing *&* f=aid of the charges .yes
tcr<3a>.
The accusations of malfeasance re
tinned agAinst District Attorney Jo
-. ph J. Bullock and County Treasurer
}'. P. Chamberlain result from the graft
. harpes that have stirred San Mateo
.-•lunty for more than a year.
The pjirtirular accusations are based
on th*> complaint thst Treasurer Cham-'
l>erlain has lent the county's money to
three banks in the county without «x
nr-ting the Z per cent interest demand
..l. as a minimum, by law. and that
3. i^trict Attorney Bullock has aided
Chamberlain in his improper conduct.
Indictment? against Doctor Ross and
U P. Behrens were returned because
the two bank officials, by their action
in receiving the. money, were partners
to the crime charged by the grand jury.
Justice as Debt Collector
Justice of the Peace Walter G. Love
land is, accused on a chnrge totally
different from the one under which the
other four men have been placed under
i he frown of the law. He is charged
with having acted in the dual capacity
of judge and debt collector, and in par
ticular reference to two suits \u25a0 brought
before him the .members of the grand
jury believe they have uncovered evl
ornc»-s of improper conduct.
The grand jury has declared for the
last three years that County Treasurer
Chamberlain kept county funds aver
aging 5225,000 in the banks of San
Mateo county, notably in the vaults of
the First National bank of Redwood
City, for which the county should have
received 2 per cent interest, or about
$13,000.
Refusal to Demand Interest
After investigation a resolution was
iiroußht before the San Mateo super
visors at their last meeting directing
Attorney Bullock to begin suit against
the financial institution* for the recov
ery of the interest due. This resolu
tion, however, the Supervisors defeated
by a vote of three to two, and the
ihree officials who voted against the
measure were summoned before the
lerand jury ta explain their action.
Supervisors D. E. Blackburn, John H.
roieman and Joseph Francis, who had
opposed the measure, accordingly ap
peared before the grand jury yesterday
snornins: and the investigating body'
xva* busy with them for several hours.
Then in the afternoon County Treas
urer Chamberlain and Justice of the
Peace Loveland, who had been sum
moned to testify before the board, were
called in.
Judge Defends His Acts
Um3«r the leadership of Foreman G.
A. Kerteli the citizens forcing, the
icrand jury wasted no words in making
their charges clear to the. men before
them. Justice of the Peace- Loveland
wae told that he was strongly sus
pected and had been charged with hav
ing acted as a collector of debts al
lowed by him as a judge. The charges
were made in reference to the Early-
Eckley collections and the Ciracusa-
Lindsey suit., Loveland defended him
p«>lf valiantly, but, nevertheless, the
accusation of malfeasance Issued. .
Next County Treasurer Chamberlain
\u25a0was quizzed as to moneys placed In
)oc?.l banks. Chamberlain staged that
he could not place the money in any
county institution because the vault In
the new city hall was not yet • com -
liieted and. further, that the banks re
fused to pay interest to the county. So,
Continued on Page 4, Column 6
The San Francisco Call.
INDEX OF THE
SAN FRANaSCO CALL'S
NEWS TODAY
TELEPHONE KEARSY S6
FRIDAY. JANUARY H. 1810
WEATHER CONDITIONS
YESTERDAY — Rain; precipitation. -2J? nf an
inch; southwest wind; maximum trmppratun",
; 52; minimum, 42.
FORECAST FOR TODAY — Rain; brisk south
west wind. I'ase IS
EDITORIAL
A typical municipal «l«>ction. Pajee fl
Wai] street finds unexpected friend Pnßf 6
California sets a good example. Pasrl
Remedy lies with people of California. Page 6
Teaee OTertures for the insurgents. Page 6
WATER BOND ELECTION
Final appeal is issued for the dual water
f-Tfctc-m. rase 1
POLITICAL
Fear of machine'? Vnife may cause Gillett
tn announce retirement. Page i>
CITY
Comedian Max Dill turns capitalist and will
build bnnjralow*. Page 10
Appellate court dismisses writ of prohibition
in recount cat*. I'acr 16
Local adrertisics men form association and
plan exhibition. Pace 3
Commercial trarelers will hold public initia
tion. Page 0
Mrs. Willard Calkins granted diTorce on
ground of cruelty. . Page 4
Mme. Sembrich pleases music lovers with a
splendid program. Pace 5
West of Powell street association demands-re
rised building laws. Page 12
Canners* league will wage war on railroads
for restoration of old rate*. Page 3
Dr. 3. J.- Arberry is found puilty of attempt
|to defraud by false diagnosis. Page 4
Carelessness of opium smokers responsible for
I big fire. Page 5
! Stanford fmrlor. X. S. G. • \V., installs its
newly elected officers. Page 9
Xewhall re-elected president of the fire com
mission. Page 5
Panama-Pacific exposition directors busily
planning. Page A
Supposed leader o£ footpads wbo have
been holding up saloons arrested with . com
panion. . Page 16
SUBURBAN
Clar«nco E. Sargent, unifersity student, ap
pointed rice consul at Newchwanp. Page 9
Wife in divorce snit scr-uses hueband -of ,cut
ticjr her t-calp with horsewhip. Page 9
City TfteriDarian to rcsiirn office unless sal
ary is increased. . » Page 9
Senior student to be dismissed from univer
sity for cheating. Page 9
Oakland will fight to retain title to- park
land. Page's
\ t \u25a0' \u25a0'.? ./'• iut \u25a0 >j'' i -i\ , tfi »J»a».' - •\u25a0xfli'ns -iXHtf+S dr.- !
rtmps with landlady. . - Paged
Mrs. M. B. Gamble, whose former husband is
contesting son'B will, dies. ~Pageg
Albany officer, shot by bandit, dies of
woands. Page 9
Faculty takes step to unite affiliated and
academic colleges of univernity. Page 9
Young hostess to entertain friends at in
formal bridge party. Page 8
Heroine of "art dwellers' " battle against
railroad placed on probation. Page 8
, Captain I. N. Hibberd makes plea for Amer
ica's merchant marine. Page 8
Sixty-nine year old freshman student enters
state university. "PageM
COAST
School principal's dismissal in Mendocino City
ascribed to politics. Page 1
Only one man survives wreck of the steamer
Czarina. Page 1
Alma Bell denies that she is in
sane. Page 1
San Mateo grand jury accuses officials of mal
feasance and indicts bankers. Page 1
Stanford delegates to intercollegiate commit
tee are chosen by executive body. Page 5
San Francisco cook shot and found dead by
\u25a0beep herder In Happy, valley. Page 5
Former surveyor general of Oregon testifies
against Binger Hermann at land fraud
trial. PaB * 2
Paulban successfully carries two passengers in
his biplane. Page 5
EASTERN
Eastern. army man's daughter becomes bride at
secret wedding. Page 1
Confession of Lamphere clears mystery of
murder farm In which Mrs. Gunness » per
ished. Pnge 1
Plnchot ssyg conservation of popular govern
ment Is ai stake. Page 3
Millionaire and nephew may have been
poisoned by avaricious relative. Page 1
House appropriates big sum for construction
of new defenses. Page 3
SPORTS
Forty and .possibly. sixty days', more racing
at Emeryville assured. Page 10
Jack Casey, the Nebraska' heavy weight, wants
to break in here. . Page 11
St. Igmatius and Sacred Heart school basket
ball fives clash today. Page 10
Death of Captain John Hackett a . distinct
loss to the turf. Page 10
Ten fights on Presidio athletic club card for
this evening. " Page 11
Cardinal"* baseball prospects promising with
75 men on tryont • list. Page 11,
Rival factions at war over Vanconver'g North
western franchise. Page 10
Dick Hyland nnd Frank Pica to to clash in
New Orleans January 23. Page 11
Jockey Shilling boota over four winners,:in
cluding Madman, 'in'Mendota.' ' :" ' Page 10
McCarthy -Momslc bout the card Jim Griffin
is after for fans. Page 11
Hester gets word that Jones has signed for
Nelson bout. Page 1 1
Brooklyn . and Yosemite club . teams . ready . for
post-season football. . .Page 11
' • Last of three scratch swimming >" tournament*
at Olympic club tonight." " Page 10
Motorcyclists plan series of tours and : lectures
in interest of sport. Page 11
Automobile Dealers' association votes: $200
toward San Mateo>oad. Page 7
|L G. Bed well negotiating, for services of
Jockey Eddie" Dogan across bay. ~ Page 10
E. D.BeylanJ.Burllngame clubman, sols' new
fad by* bicycling. ' , Page'll
American league stands by spiked shoes, as
necessary, evil. . Page 10
MARINE
Linfr Siberia arriveg from far east and makes
record docking in strong southeaster. - Page 15
SOCIAL
Smart set will d»ne»rat balls to be given; to
night' by the Patronesse* : and Friday .• Night
"'" h nWffj ' P«ge 6
lalbor > v>*
, ": Th»j American federation of- labor gives figures
on' the cost of. etrikca In IJMK). .^,: Page 7
SAN : ->;i?ip;
MURDER FARM
MYSTERY ENDED
BY CONFESSION
Ray Lamphere- s Story Confirms
Theory That Mrs. Gunness
Was Cremated
Convict Says Candle Left in
House After Robbery
Caused Fire
ST. LOUIS, Jan. 13.— 1n a copyrighted
story today the Post-Dispatch publishes
what purports to be the confession of
Ray Lamphere, who died a few days ago
in the Indiana penitentiary at Michi
gan City when serving a sentence for
setting fire to the house of Mrs. Bella
Gunness near La Porte, Jnd. It is
known that the Rev. Dr. E. A. Schell,
formerly of La Porte, heard I^amphere's
confession. "• .'',' \u25a0\u25a0"/'\u25a0
The confession shows that Mrs. Gun
ness and three children were chloro
formed by Lamphere, who was robbing
the house with a woman accomplice;
that Jennie. Olson was not killed by
Mrs. Gunness; that the- chloroform
used by Lamphere was part^of that he
bought for Mrs. Gunness to kill three
men. one of whom was Andrew Helge
lein, the others probably Ole Budsburg
and Tonnes Petersen Lien, and. that
one of these men,' probably Lien, was
the third husband of Mrs. Gunness.
Confirmation Withheld
According to the paper the con
fession was obtained from a man of
unassailable character and truthful
ness, whose standing in the community
where he lives is such -that his word
is accepted without question.
''Rev. Doctor Schell, . at Burlington,
lowa, said foday that he had not
divulged any such confession to any
person. Rev. Doctor Schell is president
of the. lowa Wesleyan university at
Mount Pleasant, lowa. Last Sunday he
refused to givo'to the public the con
fession Lamphere made on the ground
that it was pledged by tho secrecy of
the confessional.
Former Theories Upset
Tho. confession is startling in . ,it 3
variatiL-e from tlvorles hitherto held..
ThY- confession establishes that Mrs.
Gunness is doad. The. adult body found
in the smoking ruins of the. Gunness
farmhouse was the body of Mrs. Bella
Gunness.. She was. in the deep sleep
that chloroform induces when, the
smoke crept up through the crevices and
smothered her. She died with the head
of her little boy pillowed on her breast.
He, too. chloroformed as he was, "died
without waking.
The two little girls. Myrtle and Lucy,
not so thoroughly chloroformed, awoke
and ran into their mother's room, where
they perished.
Woman Trusted Accomplice r
Jennie Olson,; , niece and adopted
daughter of Mrs. Gunness, who, it has
been "believed, was murdered by the
woman more than, a year before the
house was burned, and / whose body
was believed to have been buried in the
farmyard, was not murdered by Mrs.
Gunness, according to Lampbere's con
fession, but was •: burned ;to death in
the fire that destroyed the, house. She
also had been chloroformed.'
Assuming that Lamphere told the
truth about Jennie Olson, the identity
of , tHe girl buried in the yard adds an
other mystery to the case.
Mrs. Gunness made the /mistake of
believing that she could safely break
with Lamphere, under the belief that
Lamphere's complicity in her .crimes
would keep him silent.
Lamphere let himself into the house
the. night of the fire. The chloroform
was administered and a search for
money was made, but less than $70
was f found.
Flames Seen in Flight
Then he and the woman, who, he
says, accompanied ;\u25a0'\u25a0 him, went away,
according to Lamphere, and it was
when he was hurrying away toward
the country, where he was to work that
day, that he looked back and saw
flames bursting from the house.
The light they used was a candle,
and they left the house without know
ing they had left behind a spark that
soon burst into -flames.
Lamphere, according; to the confes
sion, had a , guilty knowledge of i the
murder of three men in the Gunness
home during the time he lived there,
about eight months, in 1907, and he as
sisted Mrs. Gunness in disposing of
the bodies of the three men. He said
he thought he had: not recived "as
much of the profits of the transaction
as he considered himself entitled to. :
Three Men Murdered
Mrs. Gunness' methpd killing her
victims,. Lamphere -said, was, first to
chloroform them as they slept and; tTien
if the drug did not kill to sever- their
heads with an ax. \u25a0
Each time a' man was to be murdered,
according. to.Larnphere,. she sent /him
to; purchase" "chloroform.' Lamphere
said lie saw; one of the men killed •and
aided ln^ burying.ku' three. These men
were And re w Helgel ci n a nd* pfoba bI y
Ole Budsburg and ;_. . : Tonnes) Peterson
Laen."", - \u25a0'. . . - . ' '•• .\u25a0 '\u25a0'.' ' \u25a0'_''.: \u25a0-.',\u25a0 '-'"'\u25a0 f:
Helgelein, Lamphere > thought, ..'was
*the third husband of ''Mfs.V Gunness. ii
:> At the X\m& of ;'the"; Lamphere "trial it
was thought Jennie Olson had '. been
Continued * on rage "\u25a0; 2/ : Column 5 j
"Do This For ME, " Your City Asks
ONE MAN SURVIVES
WRECK OF CZARINA
Six Victims Cling to Icy Rig
ging AH Nightj butFinallyr
Sink to -Death :
MARSHFIELD, Jah. 13.— Another
tragedy" of the sea, has been ! written
into the record of the long list : of ma
rine;; disasters ' on ; ' the Pacific ;coast
through •;; the : loss * of . the stanch iron
steamship Czarina' on the. north" spit of
the Coos bay. bar, and 30 more _ lives
have paid ; toll to the grim reaper. '
Only One Survivor
A solitary survivor, Ilerry Kentzel,
first assistant engineer of the -wrecked
vessel, is the only livings testimonial^
to the heroTc efforts which Were [made
by; the United' States life saving crew'
and citizens of Marshfield to aid f the.
stricken crew of . the 'ill fated -steamer.
That Kentzel is alive . is a miracle. I
With six or*seven-;others he-took.ref- j
! iigel in the rigging 'of , the* foremast. |
j Sea after sea broke over the vessel, thej
| decks were awash - and wreckage was i
floating about. Suddenly a tremendous 1
sea swept. over, the vessel and Kentzel \
and his companions were washed from !
their places. V • : . \u25a0 \u0084 ' ' •\u25a0;
Gradually Washed- Ashore
Kentzel was swept. toward land, but.
time and again was carried out to sea,-
He is a strong man and, after fighting
for what seemed \u25a0 to Jiim ages, he > man
aged to. get -hold -of a' piece of timber
and was 'gradually, washed ashore." :
As henearedthe beach he could see
the people running up and down; Final
ly his left him and he knew
nothing more until he was revived on
thejbeach = alongside abig fire. He-had
been taken from the. water by watch
ers and. wasbrought back to life only
after several hours' vigorous treatment.
Men Cling, to Rigging \u25a0
When darkness felL last night it, was
believed that all were lost. The waters,
lashed into a boiling foam, dashed over,
the vessel, and it was thought that none
could Mive through v such, a>. terrible
night, but today when; the first gleam of
dawn . came < out of the east those on. the
beach^descriedjsix persons Viti the; rig
ging o.f: the only remaining mast, and
hope was, renewed that the day "would
.witness their rescue.-but the fates were
opposed, and as: the minutes grew into
hours with no sign of the tempest abat
ing*despair, was once. more written on
the fares of theanxious people ashore.
Suddenly one of ; the six men, weakened
by exposure and hunger and; too numb
from -cold; to .longer retain his meager
grasp on life, dropped into the sea. .
'i There; was': not long- -to rwait before
another; victim : of ; the" disaster surren
deredv his -life, and then- a Ithird' was
seen to;fall;int6" the sea.
?Men: Leap flnto^ Sea * ;
The condition jof -.the. lonely.-; trio "still
loft on the- wreck by this time must
have been ipitifui: None realized better
than they v that life, was/slowly; ebhirig
Continued on rage. 2,. Column 4
MILLIONAIRE AND
NEPHEW POISONED
Attorneys Assert Relative Plot
> ted -Murder of Family to ;
Inherit Millions:
KANSAS CITY, Mo., Jan!- 13.— Doubt
ing that Thomas H.Swope, millionaire
philanthropist," who died here October 3,
came to.- his\' death, by ".natural ; causes,"
relatives have started an investigation.
I It developed today that Svyope's body ;
| was taken Wednesday from .a vault tin
Forest. Jlill cemetery : to'an undertaking
I establishment ' in , Ho.,
"where a medical' examination was made."
Attorneys representing the Swope
estate say they: were convinced a deep
laid plot existed to . kill, first, Colonel
Swope, and then other members of his
family. • Aperson wjio hoped!to become
sole beneficiary, of the . Swope millions
plotted the deaths, they assert. \u25a0 \u25a0
Suspicion was aroused. when Chris
tian Swope, a nephew of the million
aire, died December 2.' He was believed
to have died ; from typhoid • fever. But
his -attorneys assert both *he and* his
wealthy uncle were poisoned. An ar
rest An the case probably .will be made
in a few days. "\u25a0:,. •
The man tinder suspicion is said to
nave> attempted* to inoculate the entire
Swope family with:. typhoi* bacteria,
hoping to bring death" by this mejina
sbjhe \would' notvbe suspected. ; This
failing, however, 'he "resorted to poison
in ' the case of the . two : men. : .
; Swope was perhaps the richest man
here.'. * :- \u25a0 ' \u25a0; '". '.„,.'
SOCIETY GIRt ELOPES
WITH YOUNQ COLLEGIAN
Army\Man's Daughteiv Becomes
\u25a0Bride at Secret ' Wedding ;
TROY, N.:Y., Jan. 13.— Society circles
in . this city are : deeply; stirred over the
elopement \u25a0 yesterday afternoon" of Ed
mund' Fitzgerald Jr.;' son of..foriher
Mayor ' Fitzgerald, and Miss. Dorothy
Young j Smith, (daughter ,of t Major and
Mrs.Ernest-V.^ Smith.
'\u25a0\u25a0':. Major Smith. ls an officer of the.regu
lar, army, stationed at-San iFrancisco.
His wife and -daughter; since early all
have been living at* the Renssalaer Inn
and had decided to"'., make Troy . their
permanent ( home. < '
; ,Young ; Fitzgerald . was „, graduated
from Georgetown last- June/
but intended \ to > return* to \u25a0 the:institu
tion-this fall.- -He; was ; prominent in
athletics., "Since the .young people first
met they have been constantly together
and Fitzgerald ardently >wooed .his
young bride with the aid of a big, tour-
Ing 'car. /So far as-: is known their
parents "; did \ not -object to;, the; match.
The » news .; of, the \u25a0'•.. elopment reached
the' mother" of .theibride 1 this-afterrioon
in the -form of a ! telegram-; that' in-^
formed - hor ; that the .-: young^ couple \u25a0. had
Been married by.Uov! father Charles
Mackscy., i?. J.,;of St. " Francis \ Xavier
church; New ;Xork,V v ' tV-
ALMA SELL DENIES
RUMORS OF INSANITY
Says Reports Were Absurdly
; Exaggerated and That She
Tried to Kill No One
[Special Dispatch to The Call]
: 'WILLOWS, January 13. — Alma Bell,
who was acquitted of the murder of
her.- lover, Joe Armes,, denied today
to*.a-Call representative that she was
insane. She also denied having at
tempted to kill the Bolton family or
herself, and said that no man" had
been, to the Bolton home last Sunday
or Monday to see her.
*_ "I. don't see why the papers and the
public do, not let me alone," she said.
."I, came to -Willows 'o get honest
work and help my mother pay off the
$SOO mortgage which was . placed on
our : home during my trial. I was in
vited to come to Willows by the Bol
tons and Mrs. Denny, and intend to
make At my home.
"These stories have hurt me very
much % and. are not true. No" man vis
ited • me • last Sunday or Monday. I
am done with men. The report of my
being .insane came about on Mon
day,'.when' I was thinking of Joe
Armes. I became worried and lay
down to rest. Mr. Bolton entered my
room. I: said to him, 1 . *I wish I were
with Joe.' He remarked that I was
crazy and -said he was goirjK to tele
phone .to (my mother and brother. My
brother, Fred Bell, Is here as a result
of" the message.
."Now all' l ask is for the papers
and the public to let me alone and I
will seek employment in some good
family and try to forget my past and
live a: good life."
Fred Bell, Alma's brother, is in Wil
lows . and is trying to persuade her
,to return to Auburn with him. With
Bell is a miner who took a prominent
part in the murder, trial. He. also has
had several talks with Alma.
:^The girl seems to be perfectly ra
tional today -and characterizes the
many and conflicting' stories about .vio
lent actions on her part as*absurd.
MENDOCINO CITY SCHOOL
-PRINCIPAL IS OUSTED
.Teacher's : » Friends Allege ' That
Politics Dismissal
[Special Dispatch to) The Call]
q MENDOCINO .:• CITY, Jan. .. 1 3.— The
community" is vail, in .arms, over; the
abruptVdismissal; of ; George F. Finley,
principals of the . grammar school. . by
the board of .^trustees "by a vote of 2
to 1 .^without, assigning any : cau*se de
spite the; petition ; of ; ; 9S , per cent of the
patrons of \u25a0* the school asking; his re
tention^ /. : - .2
, It is ''openly. charged\by the \u25a0: f riend 3
of' the'deposed principal : that -.his dis
missal" is* due -to ? the liquor interests.
whieh<_ took 'to the active in
terest Mr. "Finley took ,in , the Good
Governments league; which,: is '.working
to"' secure \u25a0 be tter 'moral conditions <" for
the/town.-: " y , \u25a0". \u25a0-, ' .
• trustees - admit freely that no
complaint Ms \u25a0 made -against .the prin
cipal; .hut l t they .are "funnlns;
th e~ school i and ; the patrons . have : no th
ing to! sajj, - ; - / -•,:;-. •---..... — ;
PRICE FIVE GENTS.
NEW WATER
SUPPLY UP
TO VOTERS
Spring Valley Purchase and the
Lake Eleanor Plan in the
People's Hands t|
Bonds for Dual System Are
Urged by Business and
Professional Men «.•;
Plant Would Pay for Itself From
the Earnings, Declare
Experts
Increase in Rates and Taxa
tion Is Denied by Friends
of the Plan
THE Spring Valley water system
.will pay for itself. There will be
no raise in rates. The revenue
will be sufficient to meet the interest
on the bonds and eventually to pay off
the principal. Its purchase will not
mean extra taxes nor higher rates.
These are the facts that the citizens'
water committee desires to impress
with special force upon the voters.
Convinced that the Sierra system will
find no real opposition, the committee
makes its final appeal for the purchase
of Spring Valley. The two projects,
combined and unified, will give to San
Francisco an ample immediate supply,
with the certainty in the near future
of a system unexcelled in any modern
city.
Students of the public welfare have
declared the issue more closely inter*
twined with the city's future than any
question that has presented itselE for
decision during thc^half century. It
is" the big opportunity for which the
public has struggled. They will seize
or reject it at the polls today. ;
Foundation for Homes
A city owned water works, pumping
a clear and healthful fluid into the
outermost districts, is the first step
toward v that destiny which has been
sketched for San Francisco. It will
be the foundation stone for a thousand
homes and thousands more to follow!
that will rise upon the areas that have
too long served no useful purpose. It
will bring to commerce the needed im
petus. The lake shores will provide
the arena for San Francisco's reccp-.
tion to the world in 1915.
Arguments in support of the dual
project have been piled high during
the days of debate. Against them
have been placed two contentions —
that the law forbids the bond issue
and that the price is too high. From
the highest legal authority — from,
Dillon & Hubbard— comes the assur
ance that the city is safely within its
legal rights.
Earnings Pay Expenses
. The price is admittedly high. Never-*
theless, engineers have expressed their
conviction that the earnings of the
system will be sufficient to pay all' ex
penses leaving a balance to meet the
interest charges and In due time to re
tire the principal.
Speculation as to -the size of today's
vote, has varied from 35.000 to 43,000.
Registrar Zemansky estimates that
close to 40,000 ballots will be cast.
"In November, 1908," said Zemansky
yesterday, "41,137 votes were cast at
the Hetch Hetchy election. At that
time the total registration was 75,467.
Our registration at the present time is
approximately 91,000. I do not look,
however, for a bigger vote than we had
on Hetch Hetchy with the smaller reg
istration. I think about 40,000 votes
will be cast at this election. In the
Geary street election we had some 43.
000 votes. There was organization on
both sides on that issue and the cam
paign was carried on in a way to ex
cite popular interest. The water ques
tion appeals very strongly \u25a0to the pub
lic, but I shall be surprised, neverthe
less, if the vote goes very far% above
40,000."-
Gather Returns Quickly
The polls for today, will be identical
with those used in the last November
election. There will be 300 booths with
1,200 officers in charge. Zemansky ha 3
made arrangements to gather the re
turns with unusual speed. Adeline: ma-.
chines have been installed In his office
and the figures ..will be checked up as
quickly as they can be telephoned In.
\u25a0 When the Hetch Hetchy was the issue
in November, 190 S. it was approved by
34.950 votes. The opposition could mus
ter only 5.705.
The question will be placed before
the electors today" in the form of two
propositions, as follows:
LAKE kkEAXOIt- x
TUOLIMXK SYSTEM
; Proposition 1. To incur a bonded
debt of the city and county, of San
Francisco? to the amount of $45.-'
,000,000; for; the furpose'of the ac
quisition, construction and comple- i

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