Canners' League Decides to De=
mand Restoration of Old
Tariff on Freight
Advance Put Into Effect Last
Year Is Declared Unjust
Resolutions Adopted By
State League of Canners
Iltrtxilvnl. tl;.-n nr strongly rec
ommend thnl the >tate board <*f
r.-iilr;i:n| rum m iNKtonrr* do file
rontplalnl with tho interwtnte
•\u25a0otninor^ <Hmimi»«inn nettlnKl (he
advance in (rciuht rates put into
ett'fft liy |he IranNcontinental
r.ii li ii:iiK :i ( the lir uinni II i: of
I!>O9 bm iMlntr unjuKf. unreaMon
;i!il« :md prejudicinl to fhr people
of the Klme of California and its
Revolved, flint «c do herehy In-
Home the inr;i«iirr< prodlnc in
nißcmti l.'.,kiii£ to the r»«nl>li<.li
i»S of a federal line ol" nlentn
.l-ip- ob I lie Pacific he! ween I'h
fifie nia«l ports anil I'anninH, <o
liMnclle lliroiiKh l>ii«t|ne«i<i in et»n
neetion tillli the federal unnrd
line of railroads McroK« the Pan
ama io-iliiiiuo and the federal
owned line of Ntenmera operat
iac on the \f la title owan to
Mlnniii- iiorix in the United
llr»ohrrl, that, recocnir.ing' an
we do ih:i» the prenent olnlr
hoard of harbor cominl»ii>ioneriv
•*f V T II I'rjl lieiHf'lt j* thr* irk^f
i R.-iini hoard i !\u25a0•- Klate hnn
ever had. »»e misk«-»i that the
mnld lu»ard be requested to lime
every rndcitnr to eomitlcte the
hrlt line alone (he harhor front
»s noon aw poKKible, mo an to give
;< complete «m i<-e from tbe north
end of the «•!<>\u25a0 to the «outh end
of the city. ;il«.o to eonntrnct rail
road traekx, m a»> to facilitate
the «lcli%ery of ciireo alougKlde
of do«-k«. ilniv hringlnt; rail and
The Cahners' league of California will
vase war on the railroads, with a view
i" frcttinp l.aek the rates which were
in offect before the arbitrary raise a
'.'jmMlMJEdt^^iitfUuiiiflQjiUiA 1 ' !\u25a0 \u25a0\u25a0! iy M i^^an m^ <i^m '~^i Jtti wv -^imu
yojtr ajro. If the railroad commission
will not act then other steps will
be taken to bring the matter before the
interstate commerce commission. Res
olutions to this effect were unanimous
ly adopted at the annual meeting in
the Merchants* Exchange building yes
1. -I'iin v
After an extended discussion a com
mittee consisting of Andrew Griffin, C.
If. Bentley. J. H. Hunt, Elmer Chase,
Isidor Jacobs. L*. M. Brinker, Major C.
U Tilden, Percy U King and It. M.
liarthold was named to draft a scheme
of reorganization along more effect
ive lines, with a view to prosecuting
i he tight for better freight rates.
TUTS MKSSAGE AI'I'ROVED
A motion by Jacobs directing the ex
ecutive committee to communicatae
with the California congressmen ap
inoving that pan .of the president's
message which -dealt with transporta
tion matters was adopted.
That the Pacific Mail steamship com
pany did not enter Into competition
with the railroads, und that the rajl
rokd commission had not brought that
inatier or the raise in railroad rates
1.. fore the interstate commerce •com
mission were grievances aired by Ja
cobs and others.
•Any general attack on the whole
system of rates, whether east or west
bound. wouJd be suicidal to the inter
ests <->f the state," said Seth Mann.
"'l'nles.s you can make your case ex
ceptional it would be useless, in my
opinion,; to make the attempf with the
interstate commerce commission."
WOIIJ) DEMAND REFLXIJ
J. O. Bra<ken thought that the mem
bers of the league, with annual ship
lnents amounting to about 30,000 cars,
could secure »\u25a0 refund by prosecuting
«lie Haini against the railroads. He j
s-aid that for many years the rate was!
7."> <-^nt>\ but jn. January, 1-909, it was j
raised to sr. vetus, and the minimum
• •arload whs raised to *0,"00 pounds.
Brack* n did not believe the advanec
<-ou!d be suceepFfully defended. He
added that the interstate commerce
(ommisston had laid down the rule that
the voluntary establishing of rates and
the voluntary maintaining of the same
for a number of years was evidence in
itself that these rates were reasonable.
ADDRESS BY WIIEEXKR
William R. Wheeler, manager of the
traffic bureau of the Merchants' ex
change, discussed "The Importance of
Our Navigable Waters as an Adjunct
I*n Freight Rate Regul«tion." He spoke
part as follows:
The Atlantic and Pacific oceans
provide a. highway for the trans
portation of freight between the
two seaboards, the potentialities of
which must be considered by the
railroads when establishing tariffs
between these seaboards.
Consequently. New York is found
to be commercially nearer to San
Francisco than is Chicago, or even
St. Ixmis or Omaha, when assumed
ra.il rates reasonable in and of
.themselves between Kan Francisco
and the middle west cities are com
pared with sea rates in existence
between San Francisco and New v
York. Therefore it is plain that "'
commercial contiguity is created
by facilities for cheap transporta
. tion rather than by a lessened num
ber of statute miles.
Railroads operating in competi
tion with water lines very natur-"
ally seek to control the latter's
activities and do not hesitate, if
necessary, 'to establish lines of
their own in order .to occupj- the
field and' thus prevent forceful
RAILROADS O\V.\" STI3A.MSHIPS
A casual investigation develops
the fa<-t that practically all of the
important, ..water routes, of the
K United .States, coastwise, river and
lake, are owned, controlled or dom
inated by competing railroads.
Jt is a matter of history that for
many- years the transcontinental
railways paid the' Pacific Mail
steamship company a subsidy of
$HOO,OOO per annum for the prlvi-' •
legs? r»f 'controlling the latter's
rates between New York and San
Franrisco via Panama. Today the
control of the activities, or rather
the inactivities, of this route, is \u25a0
accomplished by the ownership. by ./
• the Southern Pacific. company of a
few shares more than 50 per cent
of the capital stock of the Pacific
Mail steamship company.
Tb«s narrow iuarctn of. control
Canners' League Declares
War on High Freight Rates
L. F. Graham, president of. the Canners' league of; California, and
(below) William R. Wheeler, m manager of the Merchants' Exchange
traffic bureau. ' ~
tells its own story. The line is
not expected to be made to pay
directly, but its control is necessary
in order to protect, the railroad
company from forceful^ competition
via this route.
COMPARISON OK RATI2S
As you all know, Sacramento is
90 miles from San Francisco. - a
voyage of about six hours by di
rect steamers. You also know that
the Southern Pacific company op
erates a line of steamboats be
tween San Francisco arid Sacra
mento, thereby controlling the
river rates between these cities.
You may not know — in which case
you will "be interested to learn — >
that in consequence of. such con
trol the merchandise rates from
San Francisco to Sacramento are
as high as from San Francisco to'
Honolulu by regular steamer — a
distance of 2,000 miles and a voy
age of six days. , - -r ' \u0084
We have heard much about the
Panama canal as an avenue
through which our great battle
ships may pass from sea to sea.
Unless it is made unlawful for rail
road companies to own. control or
operate steamship lin<?s competi
tive with themselves 1 confidently
predict that- in addition railroad
owned battleships will also patrol -
the canal — battleships of com
merce, or. more properly. - com
merce destroyers, put on to occupy
the route hs grim warnings to the
independent vessel owner, who
would otherwise be tempted to en
gage in the traffic at rates profit
able to himself, but not protective
of abnormally high transconti
nental rail rates.
PI^EA FOR EFFECTIVE , WORK
Isidor Jacobs read a paper entitled
"Organization that Accomplishes Re
sults," in which he told how commer
cial bodies frequently duplicate work.
He also discussed transportation ques-
President L. F. Graham's recommen
dation that the league adopt a resolu
tion indorsing the stand taken by the
National canners' association in favor
of government Inspection of canneries
Major C. L. Tilden scored the insur
ance trust, and general: remarks were
made by the canners present. The old
officers were re-elected. Th.c canners
to the number of about 75 had a ban
quet last night at he Palace hotel.
STOCKTON IS SPENDING
BIG AMOUNT ON ROADS
Work of Improving Highways Is
[Special Diipalch to The Call]
STOCKTON. Jan. 13.— Fred A. Eck
strom. secretary of the good roads.bu
reau, has presented to the chamber of
commerce his report for the last year.
The bureau was organized to promote
the campaign for good roads bonds.
The first piece of work done under the
auspices of the bureau was the object
lesson road, built under direction of
Government Kxpert Cooley.
March 12 the county .voted bonds in
the sum of 51.890,000 for good roads. Of
these bonds Eckstrom reported $290,000
were sold, bringing a premium of
$38,512. Work is now under, way on
the 20 mile section of the lpwer Sacra
mento road. The contract price y! is
RAILROAD ASKED TO
IMPROVE ITS SCHEDULE
Stockton Wants Better Service
to Oakdale and Vicinity
[Special Dispatch to The Call]
STOCKTON, Jan. 13. — The East Side
farmers' league and H. W. Lewis of
the Stockton retail merchants* associa
tion have petitioned Division Superin
tendent Brennan of the Southern Pa
cific, to install a motor car; on the
Stockton-Oakdale run. They 'have
suggested that the car arrive .here at
8 a. m. and leave for Oakdale at 4:30
p. m. The service is sought in order to
enable Oakdalers ; and people of r the
eastern section, of ' the county to trade
in Stockton without having to stay,
overnight. " r - .Ca ' ;
V.r;. . AT $28,000 A: MILE
Valuation of Central Pacific in
Nevada Increased if
CARSON CITY, Nev., Jan. 13.— The
Central Pacific /railroad company's
trackage-. ln Nevada* was; 'assessed!- at
$28.0p0 a mile by the state board ofvas
sessors in session here; today.* . ' The
effort to. raise jthe Evaluation to; $45,000
a mile was overridden, although for^a
time it seemed that this; action would
be taken;' The. decision of the; 'board
this afternoon' raises .the valuation of
the road $4,280,000.
To Los Angeles and return via Southern
Pacific, account -Aviation . Week. ITlckets
sold January 10.to;l6; ; return;by Janu
ary 20, 1810. See: agents Southern, P
acific, company. Flood 'building. Market
street ferry depot; . Third-; and -Town
send streets depot and * Broadway ? and
Thirteenth streets, ' Oaklan- ' •
THEr SAN; GAUk -.. I^IbA\^:>T^TJABYA-14;:> 193J0:
Plans for Entertainment of the
Visitors in June Include
An association of San Francisco ad
vertising men : came into being at a
luncheon yesterday in the ; white and
! gold room of ,tlie St.'Francis hotel, at
j tended by a thoroughly representative
body- of advertising men of -this city.
Those present included representatives
of the various commercial advertising
j firms, the heads of the advertising
'agencies, .advertising manager.s \u25a0of
newspapers, periodicals and magazines
and men prominently connected ,with
the allied, branches. '
".The main purpose of the organiza
tion is to lay plans for' th-e entertain
ment of the Pacific- coast advertising
men's association, which will hold its
annual meeting;- this - year in. San
Francisco in June.- An advertising ex
hibition such, as is annually held in
Madison Square garden. New York
city, will probably- be held . here.- \
<The suggestion for holding 'sueo an
exhibition in the largest- hall obtain
able in'the city was madeby'.l. Charles
Green a»»d enthusiastically .- indorsed.
If circumstances •vvill ' permit, efforts
will be made to have one of the 'big
publications' „ of tl/s city, actually
printed in th«V' exhibition hall during
the time of the convention.
• \u25a0 Officers of the: nuw'association were
elected yesterday, committees were ap
pointed, a^ constitution 'was adopted,
and it was voted -to hold weekly
luncheon meetings 1 every. Wednesday
from, this time on.'. The general plan
ef organization was in a re
port prepared by F.- J. , Cooper, S.I P.
Johnston, John F. Sheehan Jr.,; Fred Ix
Wheeler; James A.v Johnston.*
Ayres and l^ouis.Hpriig.. The following
were electtd. Officers of.. the; association:
.' William > Woodhead,;;. president; k S. P.
Johnston, first vice president;!:'^. 1 ' Charles
Green, second ' vice \u25a0 preslden t ; F. . ; L.
Wheeler, secretary 'and ; '
' F. . J. Cooper .was named ; as chairman
of : the entertainment. committee;' Louis
Honig, chairman\of . the publicity com
mittee; vR. C. Ayres, .chairman/of the
membership committee, and John -F.
She'ehan^Jr., chairman, of the finance'
Those present at; the meeting wer^:
William Wellhead ' Frank " U. IlamniPtt
Frcderiiv I/. Whpplcr 1-eopold: Opi>enlicimer !
Itollln ('. Ayres H. SipHc - \u25a0
fi.l' 3,'3 ,' ( i!J? p « r;i s " Xa 11 * 1 "'!" Opppuheini
W nlkpr \u25a0 .Toscph Ophlen
1. l;..l>einstnj: - W. T K. .VMlenoia '-
Henry. J." Bartlett \u25a0' J. -Cbarir* Oreen
J. A . Stuart - J. F. , STiech n n .7 r.
S.^J. ir.rzoK ; . Stpv<» A.'VioTa
\\. IS..(Jplatt ..\u25a0 '. . f.k. Seotford
Vi V W. Farwell ',\u25a0?\u25a0 \u25a0\u25a0 . ' W.\ L. . C.Hik : \u25a0
Billot Cohen ;-, \u25a0, ; : ;.' Frank TA.; Ryder's^ \u25a0
\V.,S.Vl)raypolebcr ' Samuel. IV- Joimston ,
F. S.'Nr-IROd Philip. WV: Alexander" f.
Robert ; Uefnhart •\u0084 hy* Thpodoio \Vat«on
.Robert!/. Connnr. -.; William -Browu '•
James A. Johnston | r.ouis Honlfr • " -
REV. \W/ Hi BENNETT -
Dissensions- Alone MarredVße
/ ;; : ,-ligi6us Achievements
Rev.r ;W.; H/ Bennett* lectured on
"Crusades" before \u25a0 IgnatlanV council ..No.
.Ts.'; Young Men's 'Institute,; last sWediiea- ;
day evening. The"' .-faith* and ''godliness
L°( , tne ; c-rusadors was point ed r out ;by; the'
; speaker, anil he "uleclkred > that, the dis
sensions 'iii \u0084 theirC ranks - alone' rma~rred
,what;would have been; pne;pr the great
est religious achievements, of. all,- times.'
A •program^ of ? music?prcccded : Ulie;lec~
\u25a0lure--;- \u25a0-\u25a0::\u25a0 \u25a0\u25a0 .: C
SAYS FUTURE OF
COUNTRY AT STAKE
Pinchot Declares Conservatidn
of Popular Goyernment Is
Asserts Question Is Whether or
Not the Moneyed Interests
WASHINGTON*, Jan. 13. — "The con
servation of natural resources and the
conservation of /popular government
are both at stake. The one needs con
servation no less than the other.
This statement cpitomizes-the formal
announcement made public tonight by
Clifford Pinchot. recently removed as
chief of tho forest service.- The former,
official says the great moral issue^that
now faces the .country is not tho loss
of. natural resources, so much as
whether special interests or the people
FlfiVlTS FOB <;O.\SEItVATIO.V
The statement, in part, is hh follows:
. "At this time I. have no comment. to
make on recent events. Whether in or
out of the government" service. I pro
pose to stay in the fight for conserva
tion and equal, opportunity. Kvery
movement and measure; from .whatever
. source, tlmf tends to advance cohserva
' tion and promote' government by men
for human welfare I shall try to help.
Every movement*- and measure, -from
whatever solirce, . that hinders .con
servation and promotes government by
money for profit 1 shall .endeavor to op
pose. The supreme test of movements
and measures is', the welfare, of the
plain people. I am as ready to support
the administration . when it moves
toward this paramount end-a s I am to
oppose it when it moves away."
' Pinchot expresses his profound re
gret at leaving the forest service and
pays tribute to the faithfulness and
high quality of service rendered by the
men with whom he worked.; Out of the
work of the forestlservice, he declares;
grew tho conservation movKrae'nt.
KXPRKSSKS >'ATIO\AIi COXVICTIOX
"Today 'that movement expresses one
of our deepest/ national convictions,"
he says, "and the principles for which
it stands are received as axiomatic
It is only the execution of them which
remains in. doubt.
"The great conference of governors
in tho White House in May, 190S, led
to the appointment of the national con
servation committee whose report , gave
us a new conception of the value, of
our national resources. It told us what
is needed for their 'prompt and orderly
development and for their safety and
"Together with President Roosevelt's
message transmitting its report, the
recommendations of the commis
sion furnished a complete state
ment of the conservation policy, met
our "needs squarely and prescribed their
remedy. They include definite, practical
recommendations, for the protection of
forests against fire and for equitable
forest taxation." , •
Pinchot then traced the recommen
dations of the conference, applauding
and indorsing them all.
"Ina word," he. said,' "the report of
the commission and the message, taken;
together, set forth a comprehensive;'
definite statement for the conservation
of our natural resources."
onsTRUCTIOXIST.S AT WOHK
Then he proceeded:
"At this critical period, when the
goal was in sight, enemies of conserva
tion in congress; not only succeeded in
preventing an appropriation with which
to pursue the work, "but attempted to!
forbid its progress by the Tawney
amendment to the last sundry civil bill.
Thereupon the work of the -national
conservation commission was stopped.
"The recommendations of the com-,
mission still wait for action. All wise
men. will agree that the situation is se
rious. 'The Tawney iamehdme'nt was
more than a mistake— sft was a deliber
ate betrayal of the future.'XThe dangers
which confront the conservation move
ment today must be met by' positive
action in congress. NO action will be
equivalent-to bad action and 'will have
1 the same results.
"Unless congress acts the water pow
ers will pass Into, the hands of special
interests without charge and without
limit of time. So with the phosphate
deposits -.'on public lands, when .the
withdrawals which now protect them
are removed. So with the- enormously
valuable coal deposits in Alaska, which
the present law would >ell for ?10 per
acre. " .- , •.' ..---.' v . : .- \u25a0
' "The danger of bad legislation isno
less serious.- The special interests must
no longer be allowed 'to take, what they
choose out of the great property of all
the "people.^ .Those .who \- steal public
lands steal homes.from men and women
who need them. Congress can stop the
pillage, or congress can let it go on." '
The : statement ; concludes: .
/.'But these, specific dangers of public
loss are merely parts of the great issues
• between the : special interests and .'the
rest- of us. That issue is whether, this
country.shall bo managed ;by \u25a0 men for
human welfare.' or I>y money for profit."
Delicious, crisp, flurfy bits ..
\u25a0 of : corn— toasted -.to an : ; appe-
tizing, golden brown. Served .
with 'cream •or fruit. - \u25a0 .
\u25a0 ."""Let Post Toasties tell their .
- own ;> comforting S story ; from
*theVsaucer in front- of t you. ,
'* The Memory Lingers '/
Sold by grocers.
' POST U'M < .( -KR KA li 'COM PA N 'V,t Ltd., ; /
IN SAD CONDITION
Despondent; and sick froril* overwork'
in". .trying to"' provide for herself' and
two small Mrs. Lucy- Dodini
of- 718 Grove/street was: found, at, an
early, hour in a;-vacant.lot at Valley!
and Dolores streets. , .
• The ; woman .was taken to the deten
tion ward : of. the central'; emergency
hospital,^ where her sanity . will J>e
passed on. . She says her breakdown
came from too hard .work in an overall
factory and! the. worry ot .making- a
living ifor. hen children. Her children
are : Alfonso," aged 9 \u25a0 years,'' and-Teresai
who is 8 years 'old. " , ; \u25a0' - \u25a0""•\u25a0\u25a0
: The Society for: the" Prevention^ of
Cruelty to. Children has Ctaken "chaVge
of the children, pending the examina
tion of .their \u25a0 mother by /the insanity
commissioners. ' '
TO * ADDRESS MATERIALISTS— "TIio Attitude
of riiilosoplij- TiwarJ.'Kelleion" is the subject
I of un a<l<lrp»K to be dpllv<>re<l Ix'forc the Snn
Franci«'-o materialists' apsoolutixn at tht- Amll
. torijim ann^x.. Vafgv anUFUlmorp. streets. • this
. fTPnlnff \u25a0 at . S o'c-ltx-k. v 'The ;. sppakpr will hp
Prof . " Georßp . Plimpton Adams.' 1 recently Qf
Chicago. /and now of the ITnlvprsity of ' Califo
rnia.; department • of. philosophy. :i ; ..
StlOp m the D6SCrt
' True there's only ONE store out here on lonely old Van Ness—
and Van Ness : now is not much of a promenade on which to show
off new bonnets,. coats and furs. But if you need new furniture,
carpets or anything in home furnishings you can save real hard coin,
and lots of it, by coming out to Breuner's NOW- For here, prior to
oiir removal "down town,"- we are offering sensational bargains in
i ,\u25a0 every department to keep our sales up to the standard.
This splendid. big leather Turkish rocker, pictured above, is just
one of the many sensational bargains we are offering prior to our
The seat, arms , and back %f this rocker are covered, in REAL
LEATHER— the outside in imitation leather. Good casters,, excel-
lent springs, aiid luxurious comfort in every inch of it. . A rocker
; actually, worth three, times the money we ask for it now — $12.50.
Really, if you are in --"the market for furniture now you cannot
V; AFFORD to overlook the big Breuner store out on the avenue that,
, despite Jts location, is still leading the procession, as it always has. /
Come, out THIS WEEK— you'll not 'regret it. J
And Your Credit Is Good
Gbrner of Vflii Ness and Pine
Exclusive Agents for the World's Best Furniture— "CRAFTSMAN"
VMa.de by the Men Who Know How
I Everything which^6 years of experience can teach in the manufacture of a
I writing machine is represented in the new models 10 and 11 of the :
BENEFIT GAME FOR
v .No one ; contends-^— not even the play
ers'themselves — that the game of base
balf; to •be played January 23 for the
benefit of the Youths'. Directory will
be more than highly interesting and
extremely amusing. •
\u25a0_[ Knthusiasts.from the building trades
coiincir.will contend with -a nine from
the "labor Council, and on the sched
ule ::pf C entertainment- are, such Im
promptu.: turns,; as stanHlng high .base
running, 16 pound - b«.t ; putting. ; ground
and "jlofty sliding "to bases and. a con
tinuous performance of biffs at |the
Tickets, for the affair are. in demand,
and It" seems' certain that. a .great crowd
will wltnesslthe players* efforts to play
ball. Father. Crowley. is taking a per
sonal interest in the function, and. he
has promised v*-he- gladiators his moral
support during the course of- the game.
EMBEZZLER A:NTENCED—N>w Haven. Conn..
Jnn. 13.— One to- tivc -years In state's prisou
was the sentenre given Robert l>. Mulr. former
treasurer^of the People' 9 liant and trust com
pany, on • his plea of guilty tfxlayto havlnc
'.converted to. his own. use $100,000 worth of
tbe blink's securities.
SPANISH CLUB TO
El Figaro will celebrate its second
anniversary. at a. banquet in the club
rooms, 19X Van Ness avenue. January
1(5. and the occasion will be made a no
table one by the presence of 'foreign
consuls. Prominent Spanish-American
artists will entertain during the course
of the dinner. . .
The club was founded -to bring Into
closer bonds of sympathy the citizens
of Spain, South America and the
Luis S. Frugonl. president of the club,
will presided at the banquet. The fol
lowing foreign consuls will be honored
Count del Valle de Salazar. consul of
Spain; Boutwell Dunlap, consul of Ar
gentine Republic: Juan Searle, consul
-ot Chile and Colombia; Felipe Gallcla.
consul general of Guatemala: Pedro A.
Arcentales, consul general of Kcuador;
K. Megia, consul general .of Salvador;
O. M. Goldaracena. consul of Uruguay.
HAZERS TO BE DISMISSED — Washinzton. Jan.
13 Tt»rt-« West Point cadets. fourth elasy
men. bsT»» been foond snittj of nazlns. It i«
reporteil' here, and their dismissal will follow
the approval of the sentence by the secretary
of war. who is allowed nr» Ulscretioa lv the.
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