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Junior The San Francisco Call Section
ISSUED EVERY SATURDAY FOR THE BOYS AND GIRLS OF SAN FRANCISCO AND CALIFORNIA HAVE YOU SEEN ALONZO? HE SIGHTS AN AIRSHIP Artificial Mirage It; Is no longer necessary to travel, the' deserts of Africa or the burning wastes of Arizona to; sec a real mirage. , Dr. Robert W. Wood, professor of ex-, perimental physics at Johns Hopkins university, is exhibiting to his classes a miniature mirage that shows as por f ectly as - possible in • a laboratory ex periment the realness and vividness of tills illusion. *; ; ':;:; . ''\u25a0 .; \" Professor Wood. produced the desert with a sheet) or Iron 15 feet long, cov ered with sand,. which he heated with gas burners. ..' A, mirror ., reflected , the sun -upon a white sheet votp*aper'at' one ond of the.! artificial desert," which paper served as the clear, sky line. ; , When the sand got fairly hot and one looked along its surface at some little piles of sand at the end toward the white paper, one ''could almost be lieve that just a little way in front of the piles of sand there was a pool of crystal water on 'the sanded plate. Fine Work of Farmers The summer of 1909 was remarkable foe Its enormous crops. Secretary Wil son shows that the. value of farm products has nearly doubled In 10 years. It is now so large .that to most people the figures have little meaning. Among the products "the corn crop holds first place. Its value is immense; $1,720,000,000 or about $20 for every man, woman and child In the United States. Cotton comes second; wheat, third. Next/in order are hay, oats, po tatoes and tobacco, in all, the farmers of the United States produced from the soil during the present year new wealth to the unthinkable amount of $8, 7(50,000, 000. or about $100. for' every inhabitant. The farm is still tho great source of wealth. - Tests for Army Officers - Former, President Roosevelt. estab lished Koine pretty hard endurance tests for army . officers.', Once V every year every officer, of whatever age he might be, was required.-to".ride: 90 miles on horseback in three days .or submit to an equally strenuous walking test. Sec retary of-."War'Dickinson has asked to have thia changed. : He says it requires officers to be fit only once In a year, whereas they, should be required to keep themselves constantly fit. The secretary prefers, less severe tests and more of them. \u25a0 , Hawaii's Need of Men Hawaii is in great need of more set tlers, Americana. So says Governor Frear of that territory, who is visiting the eastern states. He says that rthe Japanese .are fast leaving the islands and that other Asiatic immigration has ceased, owing to the immigration laws. The islands are. prosperous but need more labor for the plantations. BUT PUPPY WILL NOT BE WARNED SAN FRANCISCO, CAL., JANUARY 22, 1910.— THE JUNIOR CALL Monster Petition for Suffrage A. petition -bearing ,1.P00,000 sig natures | to" be presented ;• to congress, praying for a- constitutional ment that will add the word "sex" In the amendment to the constitution so that .it shall read: " ' , "The rlght#of citizens of tho United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged on" account of sex, race, color or previous condition of servitude." There are already about 800,000 sig natures.; Among . the signers aro the well .known authors," Mark Twain, George Ada, WVD. Howells, Booth Tar kington, . Mary Johnston and Ellen Glasgow. . The- late Governor Johnson of Minnesota signed- the petition "a short time before his death. The com mittee in charge says, that the gov ernors of. nearly all the states have signed. : How to Control "Wireless" By the old Roman law, on which our modern real estate-laws are based, the owner of land owned all abovo and be low it — -up to the sky and down to tho center of the earth. . A resolution Introduced Into con gress by ; Representative^ Roberts of Massachusetts seeks to change this old Idea and establish public, national con trol of the air. ; .Mr. Roberts, says that there is great need of such control, • because thou sands of amateur operators are spoiling the space, for the transmission of wlro less telegraph messages. lie wants a "wireless board," which would have full control of wireless plants afloat and ashore. • The Oldest Woman , The oldest woman in the United States, as it is supposed, has recently died at, Philadelphia, a Mrs. Make densky, 115 years old. She was born at Kiev, Russia, and did not come to this country until she was already, very old. She loaves about 150 descend ants. Is Roller Skating Harmful ? A physician who hits made a careful study of the effects' of; roller skntirig reports that if indulged* in to excess it has bad effects, especially on growing children. It often brings on the pain ful disorder known as "flat foot," a wrong development of tho leg., mus cles, and a general loss of graceful shape, gait and carriage. Cheapening Radium The famous English scientist, Sir William Ramsay, has invented a pro cess and constructed a factory for ex tracting radium at much less cost than by the present methods. This wonder ful substancn Is the most costly mate rial in the world, selling at the rate of more than $1,000,000 a pound. ; Real Work for Kings s If the example set by King .Gustave of Sweden' ls followed by . other sov ereigns, ' kings will become a hard' working class. -v- ,r, r Disguised as a stevedore, Gustave spent almost the whole of one day lately, In. unloading a coal lighter. He had "got a Job" and he, worked .with the other stevedores unknown to them. Like them: he carried heavy saeks^.of coal upon -his back. At night his ma jesty confessed that he was very tired. And this is only the beginning, the " kingsays. He Intends to mix with all classes 'of laborers, doing the same work that they do that he may learn what their hardships are. Ho does not say. that he will live on the same wages that they receive, arid unless! he does he can learn only a part.of the story. There j have been of late many labor troubles in Sweden. General strikes have blpcked business. King Gustavo tried to act as arbitrator but found' that he knew little of the actual condi tions under which workingmen live, . and it was hard for him to understand , their grievances. He therefore decided to make himself one of them. for a time that he might" have' clearer ideas of their needs.- \u25a0r-^j'lif- Longest Railroad Train What is said to be the longest rail road train. ever drawn by a single on gine passed over the -Virginian rail way last "week. The train consisted, of 120 steel coal hoppers; each 44 feot long and each loaded with 50 -tons of coal. A compound engine, a tender and ca boose made up the rest of the train. From cowcatcher to caboose the train was six' feet more than a mile long. The coal Is valued at $!S,OOO. Boys Making Aeroplanes Twenty New York boys from public school 77 have bean experimenting in model aeroplane construction. They competed In the school building for a silver cup. Frank Hader, with a nine ounce monoplane, took first. place with a flight of 55 feet. A variety of models were exhibited, and, much to the. dis appointment of several of the. young inventors/ their fliers refused to soar. Felner; Oswald is ahead for tho cup. Study of aeronautics .was introduced intothe school by A. 13. Horn,, profes gor of physics. .-„;'; ; ; To Pole by Airship A Zejjpelln polar expedition society has been formed in Germany. Its pur^ pose is to. send some one, to the north pole In one of the Zeppelin dirigible balloons. Helping to Awaken China Newspapers report that Mr. Rocke feller intends to give $25,000,000 to pro mote education and the Christian re ligion in China^y,;'' Useful Work of the Department of Agriculture ' In his annual report Secretary Wil son makes a review of the scientifk! labors 'of tho I various I bureaus of his department. .'••'.' « , \u0084';-', Tuberculosis among domestic an imals, from cattle, to hogs and chick ens, . has *been only one of many sub- , jects for study and experiment. . '. The cultivation of dry land forage \ crops promises great things . for the . arid region of the west, where Irriga tion is possible only over a limited area. New grasses, and legumes (plants of the clover, family) which thrive in the south have .been introduced there and dairy farming encouraged. The diseases of;cotton, of fruit and forest tree 3 and field and garden plants have been studied and means found for combating 'them. " ' The bureau of soils has Investigated the whole subject of adapting cropsto certain soils; how wornout farms may be made over and abandoned farms re settled with profit as 1 so many prob lems in chemistry. Entomologists have have studied the gypsy and brown-tall moths and other insects - injurious to : fruits and vegetables. * Conscription for Women Women who wish to vote are often met with the taunt that as they can't serve in the army they ought not to ex pect the ballot. . \u0084 >- ;.; • The congress of Swiss women's so cieties which has just been meeting at Berne passed a resolution asking for conscription for women. That is, they asked the Swiss government tp draft thorn into the army as men are drafted. But these Swiss women do not expect to light. Tlmy wjsh to act, as nurses for the sick and wounded soldiers; alsd for relief work among the' poor. 8 Protecting the Eyes at Sea Automobile goggles arc the latest style in the navy. Men serving on the swift torpedo boats wear them to keep their 'eyes from smoke and spray. So useful have tho goggles prove'dto be that the style may spread to. all the smSller craft of the navy Relics of the Earth's Past . Bones of the giant three 'horned liz ards, , estimated to be 3,000,000 years old, have lately been found in the Bad Lands of Montana and shipped to tho American museum of natural history in New York city. Control of Oil Lands The government has withdrawn 3,000,000 acres of petroleum lands from settlement and sale. If this policy had been begun 40 years earlier there would have K^en no Standard oil monopoly, and the oil business would be in the control of the nation.