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The San Francisco call. [volume] (San Francisco [Calif.]) 1895-1913, January 22, 1910, Image 12

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SATURDAY
The Skn Francisco Call
JOHN D. SPRECKELS .... . ....... . . . . . ... . . .. Proprietor
CHARLES W. HQRNICK. ; .Ceneral Manager
ERNEST S. SIMPSON . . . . . . . . . . . .V. \u2666 . \u2666 .Managing Editor
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PHILANDER KXOX is not -making a distinguished success
of the state department. • His blundering diplomacy promotes
ridicule -abroad and melancholy at home. He made a bad
beginning with the unfortunate Crane episode,
and next proceeded to send a highly abusive
letter, to. Zelaya. The charges in that letter
may or may not have been true. Mr. Knox
did not pretend that he knew them to be
true, because some of the most important
allegations were put" hypothetically. But in any event the tone
was not that of diplomacy, which should never seek to exasperate.
The fact- is. that the state department has been going off half
cocked/cvef/since .Kno.x took hold. He began with Crane's appoint
nieht^ minister t6"Chinar'arid his subsequent summary dismissal
has been cause: far wonder ever since. . Among other, explanations
for this- hitherto unaccountable incident, the Boston Herald .gives
the following:
The newly appointed minister has, as the public learned after his
appointment, large commercial interests in "Russia". In fact, his manu
facturing industry there has made it necessary that he should visit
Russia at least twice a year, and in the course' of Ills long- business
relations to that empire he has learne^/noi^only.Uo^^
language fluently but thoroughly to^ Tjnderstind/'the - typi^t*an;d funda-v:
mental characteristics of the Russian p^pie.^His" business' skill '.and 'the*'
perfection of his industry made; It possible /tor. iim-tto secure some ;
important contracts for bridges and other equipment .for the railroad
across Siberia Into Manchuria. • These facts coming to the knowledge,
of the Japanese, there began ', to \se- uneasiness,- and/ Informal ,yet skillful; ' ;
intimation was made to the /state department.ihat ! Japan, looked upon the '.
newly appointed minister to China, by reason of his Russian ;
affiliations, and his associations*^ wlt^" the "great 'tVanscqntinentar. railway,;.'
as likely of not actually unfHen*diy/to'-^apan\"yt~lealst'to lead him to look r
with more favoring eye upon;'Rus*sian /and Chinese- interests than .upon
those of Japan. - • - , ; *
Tliat is to say, Japan .dictated Crane's dismissal, and the: state
department had appointe^^i^^^^^^^^|^^^lin^J^i^^d3rSS^
that his interests were such%Bfl||^^l^^in^uMatx^table^ro^Ppk^oi!
Then the American public 'was. fobbed v v off with' a transparent
excuse that the dismissal was* due to' a s statement published ;' in a
Chicago newspaper and attributed to Crane VAs the-^minister's
name was nowhere mentioned in ;the statement and it contained
nothing that had not been previouslylpublished; in ,other; journals,
the excuse was obviously ridiculous^as, well --'as* discreditable. * c V
Now Mr. Knox has involved the department ; in another muddle
over the Manchurian situation and has' assumed a position which
he is, apparently, unable to maintain except by; an appeal to force,
which nobody seriously contemplates. Altogether Mr.; Knox
appears to have badly muddled the foreign relations of the country
Continued
Middling ty
KhOX ~
ALTHOUGH the text of Mr. Taft's bill to authorize federal
charters for corporations doing interstate business has been
published, it is not quite clear what" he cxpects^to effect.
\u25a0 The president does not desire that the pro
hibitions enacted by the, Sherjnan law against
trusts should be weakened in any particular,
and the bill does not pretend to create any
line of distinction between the so called
. "good and ''bad*' combinations, in restraint
of competition. It is true that the bill gives the commissioner
of corporations some soft of vague discretion as ! to' the A issue of
charters defining the powjers of .the several corporations, but that
discretion is made subject to the jurisdiction of the courts, exercised
in fulfillment of the prohibitions' of the Sherman law. The bill,
in fact, merely interposes. one more. step in the creation of corpora
tions, and as such rather , accentuates, the existing difficulty in
distinguishing between trusts "that" may or may not be beneficial
in their operation. It is one- -more advance in the direction- of
bureaucracy.
The subject of federal incorporation was very fully considered
by the "national industrial commission, "which examined all sorts
of witnesses of competent knowledge. It is not'the purpose here
to consider the findings of that commission or its legal bearings,
but an examination of the witnesses Jbr- and against the propo
sition is sufficiently eloquent by itself. -Frederick Stimson of
Now" whom do we find in favor of federal. incorporation among the
thousand witnesses examined by this -commission and in the 19 "volumes
of evidence and discussion by the commission and its experts? The legal
and economical advisers of the commission in. the' main .concurred >with
its * results. In fact, the commission report was * probably based * some- ;
what upon their testimony. Among them were Messrs. Frank L. Stetson,
J. R. Dos Passos and other leading lawyers of N"e.w York.; Professors y
Je/emlah W. Jenks and Ernest W. Hufford^f Cornell university, the! latter '?'\u25a0
then and since employed as an expert In all economic investigations by the"
government; and many other adyisers.. These were; against federal
incorporation.' Now who were the witnesses In favor of It? They "will
be found in Vol. 1, page 236, of the commission's report v They were Mr. \u25a0
Archbold, vice president of the Standard oil company;. Mr. Rogers/- presl- ~:
dent of the National transit company ; N Mr." John' D.Rdckefeller, then^
president of the Standard oil company; Mr. Gates, chairman of the j
American steel and wire company; Mr. Pan, general counsel of 'the
American steel and wire company ; Mr.v Dill; ja. corporation lawyer, from r
New York and author of the present New JeVsey: corporation laws;; Mr. V"-
Whlte, president of the National salt trust, and former SenatoV Dryden;
head of the R/udential life Insurance company.
Of Course, . i tljis^ argument- not. go to 'the merits, but it
serves as'^ah how" the" wind blows. ....
For and
Against Fed
eral Charters
EDITORIAL PAGE OF THE CALL
The American People Will Judge
Secretary Baliinger , '\u25a0;.,.' ;.;
S' TEWART EDWARD WHITE, the novelist, has always: taken
'an active and well .informed interest in the conservation )of
• our] national resources. Pic is a resident of Santa Barbara, and
writes for the Independent of that city a review of the course, of
Secretary Baliinger in. relation 'to the Curiningham coal land
The coal" lands in the district are variously estimated to- be
worth anywhere from one i billion : to three billion dollars. At any
rate," they constitute a prize of portentous magnitude, and if it.had
not been for the interference of Pinchot and Glavis they would
long ago have passed out of public ownership or control for the
"nominal price of $10 an acre. These claims^werc first -.taken V up.
when Baliinger .was commissioner, of the .general land office,
and were actively pushed as long as he remained in that office, but
on protest of Glavis were denied allowance temporarily. .Mr.
White writes :' ' . •
After Baliinger's resignation. from the land office the official activity, —
in the .'Cunningham '.claims' lapsed entirely.: On March, 4, 1909; Baliinger .
"ttecaine' secretary of the. interior. On March 10 the, Cunningham claims
again were pushed vigorously to "patent. I do not care to offer comment,
except that coincidence' is a queer 'phenomenon."
In the year of absence Baliinger's law firm pushed the Cunningham'
claims from the outside ; and Baliinger himself , journeyed; from Seattle to .
Ohio to, present an affidavit in the matter to Garfield. He denies that he ; j
was actually counsel for the Cunninghams g at this^time ; and— pending
investigation— we have, no right to doubt him." I- have a copy of a letter ,
from: Clarence Cunningham. to a third party that indicates that Cunning
ham himself labored under the delusion that Judge. Baliinger, was his legal .'
adviser. The essential point is not as to Baliinger's legal connection, but _
as to his personal interest in the Curiningham claims. '. '] " ••'* '.\u25a0'-'."','\u25a0"
As secretary of the interior, Baliinger directed haste in the^investiga-'
tiori, of. the ' claim's,', an" impossible , haste. ;. Furthermore, iin. the land office,
one Dennett believed'that he had found an interpretation of the law that .
would suffice to legalize . the . claims: Glavis "disagreed with Dennett's j
interpretation. Baliinger promised Glavis to submit ?£he matter to the;
attorney general, and wrote but did not senda-letter to that- effect.- When
Glavis had left Washington Baliinger referred the legal point, not. to the
attorney general, but to his assistant, Pierce. ' Pierce decided for Dennett's
interpretation, and for the second "time the claims were ordered freelisted.
For; the second time the patents would have been completed were it not
that, for the second; time, Glavis kicked to such, good purpose "that -
Baliinger was. forced -to. submit the matter to, the attorney general. The.
attorney general promptly overruled Dennett's interpretatiori. The. claims -
were taken off the free list.
They plead now that Baliinger has done nothing illegal. That
is possibly true, but it does not excuse his course at all. The
quegtion at issue is whether, in the words of Mr. White, "he has
or has not used the powers of his office to further interests of at
least doubtful claimants at the expense of. the people."
On that Question public opinion will decide, and congress is
merely the instrument to bring out the facts. The people will
'weigh the testimony and make up the judgment.
T^HE.San Francisco Chronicle has recently come out as an
ardent, and uncompromising . champion of "state rights."
• With all the ardor of a new convertite. our contemporary
views with alarm Mr. Taft's subversive plans
to invade constitutional . rights. The income
tax, the corporation tax, federal charters for
corporations— all these are revolutionary nov
elties proposed by an incendiary president
who has set out to destroy the palladium of
pur liberties'arid enslave the nation. If people do not recognize
this-as a good likeness ' of Mr. Taft, why then we refer, them to the
'.: : 'This "editorial alarm, has, many phases, but they all take their
inspiration from the same soure./^ Thus, on Friday morning it
was this:. ' - \ .-v.
V Wednesday's session "of the "conference of governors now in session
.at ..Washington Was giveiiiover'to-.theVdiscussion of "state rights," and
/every one of the.governdrs who spokes.proved himself a sturdy defender
.of thci rights of his; state ds^againstithe" encroachments of the federal
"'government The* particular subject which received most attention was
v the control:of water/power. .. . :'
| that .every corporation lawyer in
California ii istraising-the\ ; sanie' ( cry.V--vrurri over to the state at once
all the water" powers in the national so that they' can be
grabbed"- without delay- arid before any ; measures of restriction are
enacted by'^tlie^iegislaturc.-H^Water-.V lowers worth hundreds of
millions liave^already been seized and are held in perpetuity against
the' state of California without. a. ; penny paid in compensation.
This is/all there 'is:to this hypocritical cry about state rights.
It is not inspired by any concern for the state, but by a regard
for the . interests of \u25a0exploiting corporations.
The Chronicle
"Views
With Alarm"
Gossip o^ Railway
ELLIOTT F.'iMONNETT,' general
western agent of the New York,
Ontario, and Western,, with office
at Chicago, spent the holidays with his
mother, at a small town In the east, and
as a surprise for her wrote a let
ter to all ofi his; railroad acquaintances
asking that they address a postal card
to her a few days before Christmas.
'The', railroad fraternity responded
with snch vim that the postmaster of
the town had. to wire to Washington
for help. / :
1 "On the 22d," '.writes Monnett to a
local railroadman; "nine . postals were
received,! and as this was such an un
usual amount' of mail for the town,
everybody In the neighborhood was in
the house In five minutes to see the^
postals. ~Z
"On the 23d 150 were received, and on
the day before. Christmas nearly 1,000.
There was; no delivery Christmas day,
and on the 26th close to 2.000 were left
by the rnaliman^.When I 'left, a day
or so before New Year's, there was a
total of 3,100 postals stacked up on the
parlor, table, land' they- were coming in
at the rate of more 150 a day."
B. M. Flippln, freight traffic manager
of the Missouri Pacific, ha% announced
the appointment, effective January 10,
of Charles E. . Perkins 'as general
freight agent, with- headquarters at St.
Louis. ., Perkins takes, the place of J. :
P; Burnett; assigned to other duties bn h
account of 111 health.
,•, • \u25a0 .'. * .•- •*.* -..'r : .; -.-\u25a0-
The first invasion' of: Europe by the
Garland system of .car ventilation,
which has already,' had a wide : appllca-;
|ion In the^Urilted States, lhas just'been
made ; through >, the 'decision; of the > Lon- '
don and Northwestern railroad to make *
use of the deyice.;;J.The ventilators have 1j
been tested ; on* the railroad for! several:
months .with; such* satisfaction that the
company has"' now' decided"- tolequip a .
number of; its cars. ;':;.'.'\u25a0\u25a0"\u25a0'
* The" Santa Fe hasannounced colonist
rates from eastern -points' to^ California,}:
effective March «l-and\ending< April ilG.i;
The;fare from^ Chicago '.will be $33/. from';'
Kansas City J2sand from St. Louis $30.'
v : The place }of .'Jacob H. \u25a0 Schiff on ' the '".
directorate otf the Southern! Pacific' has\
been taken by- his ; son/; Mortimer.; Schiff . /
.•-""i*--i'.'"'' ' : .""•""\u25a0 •\u25a0\u25a0\u25a0"/• \u25a0\u25a0'• \u25a0»-\u25a0\u25a0'•'*'"\u25a0
A spirited trade contest between ;
Omaha '\u25a0 and '.i Lincoln. .: NeK; \u25a0 has ' been ;
brought*.;to;the- attention of .'the inter- -
state : commerce ; commission'; by Jhe fil
ing of a complaint ;by.' the Commercial^
club of * Omaha"; againsti the {Union\ Pa-.1
cine and"los,other;roads. ?; ;*lt 4 .ia alleged -"
thatthe "defendant "railroads discrimi-3
nate, ln .their/ lumber .rates V- against;
Omaha in 1 favor ; of ; Lincoln to' the coin- .
merclal disadvantage of Omaha. The
commission is requested to adjust the
differences so that the two cities may
be placed on a parity as to freight
:W. S. Palmer, general manager of the
Northwestern* Pacific, left last night for
New York.
, During the last year the American
locomotive company built 1,115 locomo
tives, as compared with 1,170 in 190 S.
This difference in figures is due to the
fact that a large number of engines
built in 190S were left over from 1*907,
while delay in construction, due to
strikes and scarcity of material, has left
a large number of unfinished orders to
completed in 1910. All the plants
are running at the present time, while
orders on the books will keep them
busy well into this year. , • '-.
\u25a0\u25a0\u25a0' * . •- ' •.
"Vie" Smith, president of _ the trans
portation club, has succeeded in in
ducing. Paulhan; the famous French
aviator, to attend an informal deception
at the club and was busy allday yester
day in rounding: up the linguists of
the club as an entertainment commit
tee.
-, V' , • . • ; •'.\u25a0: \u25a0 •
Daniel C. Fisk Jr., traveling freight
agent' of the Union Pacific, has been
transferred from New York to Phila
delphia. He carried with him a gold
watch, the gift of friends and associ
ates. \u25a0 Mr. risk's successor is George J.
Needham. . \u25a0\u25a0 \u25a0 " '.?'?s'.
, " :.'; \u25a0 \u25a0'.- 1 . • • \u25a0 *; '
Irvine M, Keller has been appointed
traveling passenger agent of .the Mis
souri. Pacific, with, offices, at Chicago,
vice J. F. Govan, resigned to accept
service -with another company.
'\u25a0' •'" \u25a0'--. '-'. '•\u25a0*< •''\u25a0. *, v • ""•
.:,' The Pennsylvania-has announced . the
opening of its 'new passenger stationfat
New York for' July. 1 or thereabouts. 1 '•
/The local office of the Salt Lake
road placed a display of scenes. at the
Los Angiles aviation field in its win
dow yesterday: and for a time it looked
as-ifia riot call v might belturnedin to
disperse the crowd. -San Francisco cer
tainly has the biplane fever.now. V '
:. ' \u25a0\u25a0\u25a0-*\u25a0\u25a0 \u25a0\u25a0-..• ,--' -• - \u25a0'-,
Corporate acts for the legal dissolu
tion ; of . seven subsidiary^ railroad. comr
panics : in this state v and - forming I them
into •; the ;parent road; -the:' Denver 7 -and
Rio^Grande.; were accomplished at \u25a0; Salt
Lake, yesterday at > a meeting ;of the
stock holders of s theivarlous"; roads. V;-:;
.-The Denver, and Rio Grande* now. owns
in fact subsidiary3iiri'es i acquired during
the -last 20,yearsiintUtah. . "V^ V "\u25a0•'
i \u25a0' TJie ': roads included ' the Carbon Coun
ty, railway. ; the; Castle "Valley 'railway,
Copper- Belti railroad,-* Sarii Pete';- Valley
railway, r Sevier^Valley ;railway,"Tintic
Range railway" and ;the Utah Eastern. (
GHARAAINQQIRL
;MAKES: HER DEBUT
Miss Agnes Tillmann Is the
\u25a0Last of This Season's
; Fair,, Debutantes
-T- HE last debutante party of the
I- season; makes a brilliant finale this
afternoon and evening for the
events of a week crowded with affairs
of. social moment.- The;: debutante- of
th^e'day, and the last Of the season, is
Miss .Agnes Tillmann. who will 'be in
troduced .to society this afternoon at a
tea'to be given by her parents, Mr. and
Mrs. Frederick Tillmann, to bef fol-"
lowed by an elaborate dinner Qince for
50 of the younger set. The. delightful
party will' be given .at the Tillmann
home in ."Washington street in a 1a 1 floral
setting -that-' will rival' trie extravagant
adornment of the entertainments given
for the eariier debutantes. Miss Till
mann's name is the last :to be added
to the winter . list, but preceding her
debut, which was delayed by her late
return from Europe, she has .'been^the
center of more entertaining than has
fallen to the: share of > many older
belles, '>. She is a;charming and accom
plished . girl, who . numbers her friends
by the score, and it is 1 " probable that
the later days of the season will be full
of interesting affairs for the newest
\u25a0debutante. - -Mrs. Tillmann and her
daughter will be assisted in receiving
their guests this afternoon by. half a
hundred friends.
. ... - • • . •
'The wedding of Miss Suzanne Kirk
patrick and Allan McDonald, which will'
take place April 14, will be preceded
by any number, of entertainments for
the pretty bride elect. . The daughter
of Mr. and Mrs. J. C. Klrkpatrick was
a favorite debutante of last season and
since her formal entrance into society,
and particularly since the announce
ment of her engagement, she has been
one of the most popular guests among
the" younger set. She has 'had several
teas and luncheon parties given- in her
honbr earlier in the season. One of the
next parties that has a prominent place
on the calendar of the debutantes Is
the luncheon that will be given for
Miss Kirkpatrick Monday, -February' 7,
when the hostess will be Miss Gertrude
Perry. The affair will be given at the
Town and Country club and will be at
tended by -more than a score of the
younger girls. The wedding, by the
way, will take place in the ballroom of
the Palace and. will be followed by a
large reception for several hundred
guests. The bride. will be attended by
her cousin, Miss Clara Allen, as maid
of honor. Among the bridesmaids will
be Miss Maud Wilson, Miss Marian Mil
ler, Miss Louise McCormick, Miss Mar-
garet Williams and Miss Vera de Sabla.
Mrs. Victor Blue .was the compli
mented^guest at the informal tea given
yesterday afternoon by Mrs. Gailliard
Stoney. at the home of the hostess in
Jackson street. While the affair was
marked by informality it was one of
the most delightful of the month and
was attended by about half a hundred
friends of the hostess and her guest
of honor; ' ~ \u25a0 -
•\u25a0•. Miss. Geneyieve -Walker, left, a day or
two ago fo"r her home in "New York,
where she will remain for an indefinite
stay, probably until May or early. June,
before returning to this city for her
marriage with WilHam x ßurk~e. The at
tractive granddaughter of Mrs.. Eleanor
Martin has been visiting here for many
months, and has been the guest of Mrs.
Martin and of the Missesjvon Schroeder
at. "their country home, . Eagle's Nest,
during her; extended visit and has also
been entertained at the Walter Martin
and Oscar Cooper homes In Bnrlingame
at various times in the earlier season.
She will leave a large circle of friends
to. regret " her absence, but" It- Is prob
able that she will return within a few
months and^her wedding will be one of
the .important, society affairs of the
summer. , : -v '•'. /
Mrs. B^'S.. Morton of New York has
been staying at the St. Francis, for
several. days, and during her visit; here
has been the Incentive for several in
formal affairs in the way of luncheons,
teas and dinner parties at the hotel and
at the homes of her friends in this
city- She will remain for'an indefinite
stay v "
\u25a0 Mr. and Mrs. Charles Clark are visit
tors from San Mateo. and are staying
at the St. Francis. They were guests
last evening at the Grcenway assembly,
and will remain for a few days in
town. \u25a0_ -\u25a0.\u25a0-\u25a0 [: -
Colonel C. L. Ilewes will be the feted
guest at an elaborate dinner party- to
be 'given, Monday evening, January 24,
at the .St. . Francis, when ;the hosts of
the. occasion will be the officers of the
coast .'.artillery corps. There will be
about 25 guests at the reunion..
.The tea that Miss Augusta Foute was
to have given s earlier. in the month has
been postponed until- January 30 on ac
count of the aviation meet, but the in
formal affair will attract a large num
ber of guests on the later date, as' the
complimented guest of the occasion will
be Miss .Vera: de; Sablal The popiflar
debutante has been having a delightful
round *"f parties: given in her honor
since her return ; from j Santa Barbara,
where she passed 'the' holiday season
with her parents, Mr. and Mrs. Eugene
de Sabla^ x \u25a0 '. '
' \u25a0\u25a0\u25a0• ,- . \u0084-\u25a0 ' '• • • -
Mr. and Mrs. John C. Ainsworth. who
have been vX the Fairmont for several
days, left last evening for their home
in Portland, after a delightful visit in
this city . and ' the cities "\ of the southern
part, of the state." *
Mrs. Samuel M. Wilson and Miss Me
dora BlockC left yesterday for NO**
York. ! After a- brief stay in the eastern
city, they r will. saih for Europe with the
intention of ; passing: several weeks on
a Mediterranean- trip, r, They, will travel
leisurely through, 1 the Interesting cities
of Ulie old* world 'and will probably be
abroad;for a year /or; more. A 'number
of informal parties .preceded their de-.
parture. :
; Mrs.; F.- Gerald Halsey" and Miss Mil
dred . Halsey, - who have been • visiting
; Halsey's . son Gerald \_ for; several
.weeks ; in' this -city,: and'; who have been
delightfully, entertained, have returned
to, their \u25a0.home; at Redwbod City..
Miss Gertrude Ballard, who was, in El
Paso .for the; wedding early In January
of r Miss^Caroline> ' Seeley and Norman
Llvermo're. has gone^to New York and
will;"remain^ In' the for an
indefinite! visit. 1 : Shetwlll be "entertained
extensively (and may remain away the
entire summer. ' .
Mr. and Mrs. J.B. Cornell 'have been
at" thej^Fairniont ' for : se'yeral f days ~\ and
will remain \ in ; town 1 : Tor another vweek
or J two. :.*They;are v accompanied : oh\the
visit by their : two'children.- * . ? - - v
MEN STILL ACT LIKE ADAM
WIFE HAS TO BEAR BURDEN
Professor Blames Women for
Catering to Appetites of
Their Husbands
MARY ASHE MILLER
IN the first recorded instance that we
have of domestic occurrences Adam
remarked that his difficulties arose
through the deleterious influence . of
Eve. who induced him to eat lmprop-
It is an amusing thing to consider
that, while we have advanced so mar
velous^y — or think we haye — since the
beginning of history, it has been large
ly along the lines of getting to some
place more rapidly, improved methods of
keeping clean and better lighting sys
tems. Men seem to have changed very
little as regards fundamentals.
Far be it from me to object to this.
It is one of the comforting things of
life that men are so apt to act more In
accordance with prognostications than
do women.
Over In Berkeley Professor Mitchell
has been telling his class in economics
the same old Edenlc tale. Man is cast
from. his blissful state of riches because
of the faults of womankind.
It is the spending of the family in
come that is agitating Professor
Mitchell. It is an abstract disturbance,
however, as it is stated that he Is un
married, which removes any fear' that
he was working off a personal griev
ance.
He says in part:.. "Money making is
developed to a very high degree, but
the obverse is true in regard to the
conservation of the family resources.
Only by teaching women economics can
the situation obtaining at present be
solved. Housewives, unlike business
managers, are not chosen as a rule for
their efficiency and business ability, as
men insist upon choosing wives with
out asking for diplomas as economists."
I am tempted to believe that Profes
sor Mitchell has been confining his
light reading of late to divorce statis
tics., Those ghastly records of failures
to'make good— or perhaps to be good —
are filled with exploitations of wifely
extravagance and foolishness. ' But
these are the exceptions to the general
matrimonial rule — to the happy or at
least unemotional homes that fill the
world.
Speaking, practically of the people
you and I know, don't you think Pro
fessor Mitchell is a little somber in his
views?
Most girls who' marry are possessed,
I believe, of a desire to make a cheerful
and successful home, which can not be
done if an establishment beyond the
family income Is maintained. The av
erage American girl Iras an ' intelli
gence,, which, coupled with this desire,
win enable her to formulate somesys
tem by -which she may expend a just
proportion of her husband's income on
the things of the house.
Some may not like to assume the re
sponsibility of a very limited "purse, but
if women do marry poor men they are.
I think, the most conscientious. The
selfish or careless ones are those of
whom Professor Mitchell read In the
divorce records, probably. '\u25a0 , "-.
It Is sometimes the .very wifely de
sire to bring happiness to her husband
that Is the. cause of the trouble. Men
as. a rule care much more about what
they eat than do women, and It Is one
one of the axioms of life- that feeding a
man properly is excellent for his dis
position.
Every one- is exploding hysterically
by word of mouth or In print just now
about the price. of foodstuffs. You can
not feed a man comfortingly In any
station "of life without its costing
something. Consider the predicament
of the wife: To cater for and to her
husband or to save his money? The
lady or the tiger Is child's play to that.
On the other hand." there are, as
always, fools. * Some women can not
learn to managetheir bills, either for
food or -clothes, and that means a
harassed husband. Any one old fash
ioned enough to read Dickens will re
member dear, ''silly, little Dora Copper
field and he"r housewifely struggles.
But would this course in economics,
which Prof essor Mitchell advocates as
the solution, really help matters? You
can not put wisdom into a head where
brains are not. Such an education for
a stupid woman would result at best
in a cut and dried system of house
keeping which would drive a man to
drink or an equivalent. A lot of break
fast -; food and "health diet and new
ways of cooking -minced, meats without
any microbes In them and queer sub
stitutes for everything you have ever
really liked!— one can fairly visualize
that anemic family. -
Frivolous conjectures aside, it seems
to me that the learned professor was
hot speaking 'from a thoroughly prac
tical standpoint. In the greater number
of families the economizing Is done by
the wife} or, at least, if she -does not
economize, no one does.
It seems, too, that Professor Mitchell
is a little hard on women. .Why should
the burden fall any harder on them
than *on the other half of the house
hold if money can not be spent?
; Should young- men be /permitted to
go about'rnaking merry and having the
excitement of making money while the
poor girls are going to college to learn
how to make a nickel do the work of
a dime?..
Anyway,, a girl of that type would
have a difficult time in marrying. Per
haps some of the serious minded col-
lege professors would like her, but I
doubt r^it. • .As V Professor Mitchell re
marks himself: "Men insist vupon^mar
ryjns wives without asking for \u25a0 di
plomas as economists." \
JANUARY 22 9 1910
Economyin Household Means
Spreading Small Sums
Over Great Needs
Mrs. Philip Verrill Migheis
Secretary «f tie Pioneer Mathers' Statua Com
mittee.
IT would be a pity to let Professor
Mitchell's discovery of the tact that
men can earn money but that worn*- n
can not save it go unchallenged. A col
lege man must, of course, know more
about these things than any one else
can. Yet there Is another side to do
mestic finance which may have escaped
his observation. The men have every
thing and the women have nothing.
That la quite true. How then can they
save what they have not got? Men tell
the wives to run bills at the stores and
then they "raise the roof* when tha
bills are presented for collection.
Now, if Professor Mitchell would de
vote his time to hypnotizing, his men
students into the secrets of domestic
economy and urging them to give to
their wives and helpmeets a certain fair
and just sum each month for the need
ful carrying on of the "house beauti
ful." with a certain fair and just sum
for providing for their own needs, then
this problem of the ages xpuld dis
appear, t
Women would then develop In their
powers of conservation and astonish
»the worM with their results. One of
the terrors of matrimony as it is "car
ried on" at present Is the meeting of
that psychological moment when tho
irate master of the house says to the
trembling mistress of.lt. "Where is that
dollar I gave you last week?"
I know of a "refined and cultured lady
who also was chief of the culinary de
partment, darner of 'underwear and
sympathizer and comforter of her lord
and master year after year, who
(though he had thousands of dollars
In bank) had to coax him to get money
with which to furnish the larder (for
she absolutely refused to run bills), and
when she came home she woiild read
off to the dearly beloved one the Items
she had spent the money for. It would
go something like this: -'Meat, 23 cents;
potatoes. 15 cents; grapefruit, 10 cents;
bread, 5 cents; butter, 30 cents; hose
for ftimself. 25 cents; darning cotton.
5 cents," and then she would hesitate
at the last number on her list of. ex
penditures.
"Go on," he would say, relentlessly.
and she would shiver before the icy
blast of his disapproval as she faintly
murmured. "29 cents for a second hand
book of poetry. We didn't have any
Jean Ingelow in the library and I al
ways wanted it so."
Let Professor Mitchell urge upon his
men students to be kind and generous
even with those eccentricities of the
wives in their homes and then mayt»e»
they will find a surprising growth of
conservation which is so much desired
in the arcana of the domestic circle.
Answers to Queries
THE ARMY— S-. City. What Is th* organba
tioa of the I'nitetl States army at tbls time la
the different branches of, serrict? and the number
in each and all branched? •» *"
The army In active service Is made
up of 15 regiments of cavalry. 763 offi
cers and 13.155 enlisted men; 6 regi
ments of field artillery, 236 officers and
5,220 enlisted men: coast artillery corps.
170 companies, 672 officers and 19,321
enlisted men; 30 regiments of infantry.
1,520 officers and 26.731 enlisted men-;
3 battalions of engineers, commanded
by officers detailed from the engineer
corps; Porto Rico regiment of infan
try, 31 officers and 578 enlisted men;
staff corps, service school detachments,
military academy. Indian scouts, re
cruits, etc./ 11.777 enlisted men. and a
provisional force of native scout 3
in the Philippines with 17S offi
cers and 5,731 enlisted men. The
total number of commissioned osscer3
on the active list is 4.209 (including 218
first lieutenants, medical reserve corps
on active duty), and the total enlisted
strength, staff and line, is 78,782. ex
clusive of the provisional force and the
hospital ,- corps. The total enlisted
st^ngth of the army shall not at any
on« time exceed 100,000.
COIN MOTTO — C. T.. Sarramentn. Whea tin*
under what ptrciitnKtano** was the motto "la
God We Trust" -placed on American coins?
The motto is taken from "The Star
Spangled Banner" and was suggested
as proper to be" placed on American
coins* by James Pollock, director of th©
mint, in his report for* 1862. It was
first placed on bronze. 2 cent pieces, by
authority of the act of. congress of
April 22. 1864. The act provided fur
ther that the motto should be added to
the device of other coins whenever
practicable.
PLUMED KNlGHT— Subscriber. Cltx. Under
what circnmntaners was James G. Blalne nutned
the, "plumed knight"?
Colonel , Robert G. IngersoU. In the
republican convention In Cincinnati in
187», when nominating Blame for the
presidency, said: -"Like 'an armed war
rior, like a plumed knight. James G.
Blalne marched down the halls of th«
American congress and threw his shin
ing lance full and fair against the
brazen forehead of every defamer of
his country and mallgner of its honor."
\u25a0• • •
POPE'S SUPREMACY— A, C. City. W&v
and where did tb« R«pr«>m:»i-y of the pape flrit
pre Tall?
; Rev. James L. Meagher, an authority
oh Catholic church history, says in his
book, "Christ's Kingdom on Earth.** that
Jerusalem was the first diocese, that
Peter presided there, that he- later weo*
to - Antioch. where he remained sevar*
yars, althougn. he never assumed We
title of bishop of eltner place. Peter
came to Rome in A. D. 42. completing
his title to supremacy.
•• . •
KIXG'S X— B. W. S.. City. Please explain ;
"king's X" as used by children In fptinea?
The king's cross or crusa was In an
cient time a signal for a pause to
enable some one to do something: not
connected with the work In hand. It
was afterward adopted by children In
their.'games to signify they wanted a
pause and a stop put to the game 'for
the time being.
- • , ' • •
KEARNY — T. M.. Oakland. When was Koaray
street la San Francisco widened?
The widening of Kearny street to 35
feet, from Market street to Broadway,
was authorized by an act of the legis
lature .of 1865-6. An appropriation for
the work was passed'at the session of
1967-S.IHBHMi
... - - * • •
:OF THE PAST— A. W. T.. ReddtnK. On wli»t
day* of the week dM July 13. l«\ and July
23. ISB9, fall? W
SJuly, 13, Thursday; July 23, Friday^ '

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