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The Sail Francisco Sunday Uall
ANSWERING THE OUTDOOR CALL PERFECTLY Neill C. Wilson SUMMER has come. The wife and girls will soon want to be going somewhere. V. . • And they all have their ideas. Even Tom, although he doesn't say \u25a0 much, had his rod out yesterJay and furtively oiled the gun. . Presently the head of the family will . lay down his Sunday paper and begin to figure like this: Railroad fare. % 50.00 Summer resort bills 85.00 Clothes for the girls 125.00 This is the greatest camping out • state In the union. If the census taker did his 'work in July our cities would /have to blush for shame or g:o out of business. Knowing as we do exactly how the weather man Is going to treat :.us, we one and all break for the open, for figuring such as the preceding, for • .turiat^ly, is in the scant minority. ". . Suppose th« head of the family takes up his pencil again. He pictures the fresh, open country, with the breezes • blowing over the mea'Jows and the tumbling streams leaping about the trout, and behind it all the Wooded mountains rising In silent maj .;ießtjr. This time his statement appears rtbu«: "Fifteen ounce" tent, 12x14, • with fly and two hammocks. Sod cloths or. tarpaulins. Rope for pitching tent '%xA general use. Waterproof ground cloth for tent floor. One three-quarter ' ajp/ Stone for sharpening ax and .knives. Soap, towels, matches, mos : quito netting. Rods, cameras and guns : ' as desired. .: ". -We will not put a value on these ar ' tides, individual fancy Is too capricious ! and prices can be obtained in any vari ety from the outfitter. But get good supplies — ax edges that turn and -tents />at dissolve are hard on the temper, and you may be a long way from a store. This suggests a summer vacation that is infinitely better than the one in dicated in the Imaginary table above. But there are two distinct ways of going 1 camping. One is of the "pink tea" variety of pitching your , tent in a grove of trees three miles from town and having your neighbors stroll In daily to see how you are bearing up under the vicissitudes of camp life. The other Is the real thing. We will assume, in this article, that , you are about to indulge in the real style of camping out, where you are largely dependent upon your own exertions and your own knowledge of woodcraft. The Outfit For personal use each will want the following: Fifteen Inch waterproof canvas bag for packing- blankets and personal be ,U>ngmgs. Suitcases and trunks are bulky, damageable and entirely un suited to the open. •_ A pair of woolen blankets. The igray $6 kind are the best for outing xise. Stout shoes. Don't make the mistake of getting them too heavy. The eight Inch boot, laced with rawhide, is ' the proper thing. If you fear snakebites, wear leggings. Footwear too light, on fhe other hand, will promptly go. to pieces, besides not affording your ankles ) the . support they will want if you are going to do much tramping. Lixht weight woolen shirts, gray, are the best for camp use. For camp ers, too, linen or cotton underwear is beat. Take along a sweater and a waist- coat lined at the back. Its numeroue pockets make it a handy contraption. Your coat was constructed for the, city and will not be missed. ' Any trousers will do. The women will want short skirts, not too light, and flannel shirt waists. Let them not forget the necessary "dit ty bag" of thread, needles, etc. The women, too, will find it well to adopt the gray felt sombrero; for head grear. Gloves are not necessary, except on a riding trip. /But an old pair of heavy kid gloves will be found ex tremely handy in the work about the campfire and In handling hot kettles. For handkerchiefs a couple of white ones may be taken, but by all means do not neglect the useful bandana;. it will be found . to possess more hidden virtues as a napkin, table doth, head covering, neck covering and towel than were ever dreamed of. Two will be plenty. In every case it should be re membered that frequent laundering in amp is preferable to bringing a great quantity of belongings along. The cooking and kitchen I utensils , should include the following: Two three quart kettles,. a two quart coffee pot, iron pot, frying pan, large dish pan/ large stirring spoon : and*, small butcher knife. Cups, knives, forks, ppoons. Baking may be done in the fry pan if. you know, how.- An'excel lent baking and roasting device is the aluminum folding, baker,- which can bfe purchased at the outfitter's for $3.50. The Camp It is assumed that you I have selected a level place, free from .stones : and .roots, for : your camp site. Wife and the girls probably will; prefer to sleep Inside the ; tent, you and Tom , may prefer It out under the, stars— lf the mosquitoes are not too bad. While you and Tom tare pitching f the and getting ; things into order set - the , girls to breaking off (not, cutting) ; pine or redwood boughs. You may! have. noticed that in the ; foregoing table ot equip ment 'nothing' is said of f biding cots or any, other kind. That is because nature has a' better , and more luxurious bed in store ;for:you:' Select a bumpless! bed site and;lay the branches, stems toward! the, foot, like? shingles." Make them' as, thick , as ; yqu , "please. * Over: this throw" the ._ ground cloth. Then^ go fishing, swing the r ax or take"; a ti*amp over.the. the mountains, resting assured, that Mor pheus can offer' you no ; better.; mattressi' ! .«owi you will be .; ready-, to tests out] the culinary department. V For. a' rough and ready fireplace, two or three, flat stones with the flame inthe pit beneath them is customary. A more elaborate devicete to ; utilize a couple- of ribbon like str}ps of iron, two .feet long, brought for the purpose. These propped up at each end by stones or. green* logs, with a stump or, rock at the rear, 1 maik© a very handy : fireplace upon,;, which; several potsandipanslmayjbe placed at once. . Camp Stoves j are expensive* and bulky.. : •". ''•"\u25a0' ".'.-''.-.'•','' ' ' How many, it; may,;be -asked,^- know ho w; to bake bread jin "\u25a0\u25a0 a \ frying -pan ?- It is by, no means slmple.VWith j the j in gre vlientsmixed,^you set'it; in? the warmth for. a ( few, minutes 1 to :stlffen,>then' prop the frying pan. up inf front fot\ the blaze. When:one side'of ,the : bread is 'done; you turn iit - over. ; ,The ; difficulty . with this, . unless \u25a0 you have s genius, t ia \i that while the center is ; raw, -Tom? will. ha,veS to sharpen up the ax In; order to penetrate the .outer; wall: ')For_::this* reason;v;an aluminum baker,- previously 'mentioned.' is reallyian»instltutlbn.".>:Let;it"be;in cluded iril the f equipment' by ; all ; means. The'; third Kalternative ; \u25a0; is \u25a0; -the ' erners V. Dutch i'bven; i^This. is an\lron: pot with \u25a0 : massive coyer : mounted ,'on legs. You . Insert .; the 7dough,*; place (the formidable'; apparatus ,; In;, a "hole j filled with 'coals, j hot earth' arid : ashes iand; : then ; tilt i'Jown ; to ; smoke. >- The ; result l , is good bread,'- but <: the Dutch > oven is f very » H unwieldy/ besides necessitating , * a Some- Culinary Hints ' .To.bake; bearis|6ut of ;doorslet- them first soak, airjday ; in; cold vwater.-; Then : put them? In* an"; iron*,' pot : until if, they '- show I some jsigris fof \ softening. Enter now/:thelbeanpot.V Transfer /the Abeans tol this"; and,f add; a \level ' teaspoonf ul i of 'salt.-a^teacupfunof *rnolasses!ancHhalf '. fc a*'cupf ulf of -boiling ywaterjto'eachfquartt : of 'dry,: beans ; used. V-- Now score ; the ; rinil j ('6( '6f \ a .half ) pound ; piece \pt pork"' anil ;• iii-'r « aert; theVchunk'-in the.ibeans.frind'only vexposed;^Put',the: coyeriofitheTpot^on? tightlyiahdvbury^the^whdle"? apparatus in-thejhot^cpalsroffthes'fire^iThenigd" to Tjed.f- A'fsbund'^.nlght's Asleep woods," alpqt Of Bostombakedibeansfor. ' brekkfast^whov cares to;. dwell- in^thef - cityi'Tanyway,?; I '^^:^-;-: ;' ; ; -V '\u25a0;' V- " '\u25a0'.' '\u25a0\u25a0\u25a0 : -'\u25a0\u25a0\u25a0 ' ; V / . Good '?: coffee lis 'one of f the rarest Tof 5 ' things i;in-.afcarhp£ and *one T qf the -'easiest'"; tablespoonf ill; of ffreshly/grourid^coffee ; 'intoithepotiforjeachjpersqn^pour^dver/ itHwo : cupfuls "of /cold 2 waters to each? Pointers That mill Help to Make Gamp* ing Out k Joy Instead Of aTdrment ;k :*: tablespoonf ul f of k coff ee/, arid let , th e mix- : iturelcoqkfiwith v stirrings," untH|it£begins * to s b'oi l. v, TheriVdo/ no" more? stirring. i; ln r exactly. -two- minutes' take" the* pot off the lire arid 'serve,* The 'coffe6>prQblemYwill|be;solved. . . - : \u25a0 'Tolbakeifpotatoes^in^the^ashes^ first 1 prick^therii^several*- tiniest with : a: fork to keep \them'frorii -.bursting -.with the heat, and then place them directly upon a bed of hot ashes and coals. Cover them completely with some more ashes and let them remain until they are cooked thoroughly. It will ntat take more than an hour. \u25a0 Sweet corn may be served in much the same fashion. In # preparing the corn draw back the outer husks suffi ciently to permit the removal of all the silk. Bury the corn in the ashes, with most of the husks on, and leave for 20 minutes to half an hour, the time to be gauged by ' the freshness and \u25a0 tender qualities of the kernels. .:To make "johnnycakes" — the very name smacks of open fires and the woods— take sifted White corn meal (the yellow will not do for this pur pose) and add" a little salt and sugar for seasoning. -Mix these ingredients well; then add enough boiling water to make a thick mush and stir until the meal has become thoroughly saturated. The whole setret of successful "johnny cake" lies in this one fact — that the water must be as hot as you can make it, so that the meal will begin to cook the minute it touches it. When mixed sufficiently' fry in the form of cakes, turning- over so as to form a crust on both sides. Serve with plenty of butter if your, camp location makes this luxury possible. Peas, beans or lentils may be used In making soups that are both palatable and nourishing. Soak for 10 hours or longer and then place In the Iron pot with plenty of cold water, in about the proportions of three pints of water to a pound. of the vegetables used. Add po tatoes, onions, turnip, carrot and some celery-lf you can get hold of It. Intro duce likewise a. good; sized piece of bacon, or," better. stijfc; a ham bone with shreds of meat still adhering 1 to It. Season with pepper and salt to taste and stir the mixture frequently over the fire for about three hours. -.'You never know how good Irish stew, Scotch broth and similar chefs marvels can taste -until you have eaten one that has been cooked in an iron pot in the ashes andembers of a campftre.' The same is true of broiled meat.. Delicious though it may be when broiled over a .hot/ coal." fire, it never has quite the flavor that -you remember if you have cooked' it over, the campflre by string ing it on a stick, a thin layer of salt pork. or bacon on either side of the fresh meat. \u25a0¥££-'\u25a0 ' "' : Fish and game may be plentiful \u25a0 where you are' going, but if you are wise you will ..take' along a plentiful .supply,";. of smoked and salted meats ham, bacon and pork— -for variety's sake. And these foods 'may be prepared with out constant recourse ,'to the greasy jfryirigj. part;,, which; is an evil that is often far tod; prevalent in a camp. pork -stew -with beans is an illus tration of this art of a good camp cook. Soak- a, four pound piece lof bacon in water 'for a couple of hours, then cover i. it; with .warm water and ;boili It if of. an \u25a0 hour and \u25a0 a half. 'At the « explrationtof the first hour putVquartof previously . shelled ,; beans into -the' pot , with : the andy-let the.mixture'cook until the beans are soft. ;Then server the two Uogether.'jil-Jlf dried- beans are to be" 'used.S'let them -soak 'for, from '10 to I ;hours'previously and allow them to boil at least two hours before the bacon la put into the pot. A pudding made from dried vege^ tables— peas, beans, lentils, etc. — also goes well with boiled ham or bacon. Soak the seeds in cold water for a few hours: then bring them to a boll and cook them until they are so soft that they can be mashed into a paste. Sea son this paste to taste with minced onions, butter, pepper, salt and such herbs as may be convenient; place the result in a pudding bag and let it boll in the pot with the bacon for an hour or more. While roasting 1 , broiling: and frying are processes to which the cook often resorts, the favorite method of pre paring food in camp is to subject it to the direct heat of the ashes and embers*. This is .necessarily a slow operation, but its popularity attests its worth. Thus, soups, stews and chowders are much more delicious when cooked slowly; rice, hominy, oatmeal and other cereals require gradual heating to bring out the best that i 3 in them, while even those viands which may be cooked more rapidly if necessary lose none of their good qualities by being subjected to the more leisurely process. The main difficulty of the cook in camp is to keep the food varied — espe cially is this true if fresh farm supplies* are not to be had. To attain this re3ult much Ingenuity will have to be used, and every good camper has a wealth of pet receipts for making 1 the salt pork and hardtack palatable. The main thing 1 in the woods is to keep well. You can not do it on soggy, ill cooked food, improperly balanced. Regarding this dietetic phase of your camp life the following hints will be useful:' A well balanced diet includes pro teids, starches and ' sugars and fat 3. By proteids are meant meat, eggs, milk, cream, cheese, nuts, peas, beans and lentils. Starches and sugars are the grain products, sucb as bread, crack ers and cereals and most kinds of fruits and vegetables. Fats explain them selves. If you are ge ? lng Into a colder clirryate you will want more proteid3 and fats; if into a warmer, more grains, fruits and vegetables. Keeping \VelI Do not eat too much meat, eyen If fish and game abound. Beans — regular old dry,- white, lumber camp beans — are great out of doors fodder. Eat pl&nty of vegetables and fruits if you can get them. Crackers and pilot bread are a partial substitute. Nut foods, of which there are any quantity now on the market, are proteids. Salted and corned meats, for extend ed use, have not much food value. The chemical process which preserves them also, renders them hard to digest. Canned meat is a delusion. Its proper sphere is picnics and sailing parties. Canned vegetables are better and make a welcome change, but are heavy to carry in proportion to the food value in them. Soaked dried apricots and prunes are easily carried and take the place of canned fruits very well. If you have room, a sack of potatoes and a bag of onions among your supplies will never be "regretted. And take along a can of cayenne pepper. Whisky may be good for snake bites and cer tain other things, but for a person in a chill a little cayenne pepper in water can give the firewater cards and spades. If you have tramped all day and feel foot, weary or merely bodily weary, take off your boots and stockings and insert your feet in the clear, cold wa ter of< a mountain brook. It will take 10 miles off your journey. And while on the subject of keeping well. It may be well to keep in mind certain medical supplies which may prove indispensable. These should in clude a good cathartic, vaseline, sur geon's gauze and adhesive strips and a little, bottle of olive oil. The latter is suggested in place of liniment. It smells better, works better and affords a reminder to the fact that It la not the oil. but the good, honest rubbing that does the trick. Drink plenty .of water — at least three quarts a day. Generally speak ing, dwellers in the open do not need to be advised of this. On the first day don't exercise too hard. It is a typical tenderfoot trick. Work up to youY fun by degrees and it will be fun with fewer lapses Into the tragedy of aching muscles. J ~So much for the outfit. Now for the great outdoors, where fresh breezes blow from the mountains and the trees rustle overhead and God stalks abroad. .Whether whipping the stream, for: trout or sneaking around the deer with a rifle or merely treading the springy earth bareheaded, " drinking in the sight of flowers and the songs of birds. jit is all in answer to the out door call. - breeding rejuvenation of th« body, peaca of ' raind . and humility. *\u25a0.