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The San Francisco call. (San Francisco [Calif.]) 1895-1913, July 22, 1910, Image 8

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Mrs. Ella Harkins, Leader of
Thieves, Implicates Husband
and His Brother
OAKLAND, July 21. — Mrs. Ella Har-
Jtins., leader of the shop lifting gang
arrested last Saturday by the local
police, confessed to acting Captain of
Detectives Hodgkins this morning, im
plicating her husband, Henry Harkins,
snd her brother in law, Peter Har
fcinF, alias Hardens, in a multitude of
thefts. The woman's confession was
corroborated within half an hour by
tlie admission of Henry Harkins of his
complicity in numerous robberies of
*tore counters. The police have had
identified several stolen articles to sub
stantiate the tale told by the shop
lifters when the trio are arraigned next
.Saturday morning in the police court.
The confessions make possible tne
prosecution of the cleverest shoplifters
ever arrested here. Until Ella Jiarklns
broke down and told of her escapades
end of her cunning, the police had the
jnerest shreds of proof of guilt. The
words uttered first by Mrß. Harkins,
Mifnby her husband, put a different
aspect on the case. Complaints charg
ing burglary will probably be sworn
to tomorrow.
There is a recently enacted statute
providing: for felony charges against
shoplifters. "Where intent to steal can
be shown on the part of any person
entering a store the authorities may
try that person for burglary, Instead
of petty larceny, as the law formerly
. With the penitentiary yawning be
fore her, Mrs. Ella Harkins displayed
a spirit of bravado, of pride in her
prowess as a thief and a leader of
thieves. She freely admitted that she
planned crimes which were committed
in Oakland. San Jose and several
other coast towns. As evidence of his
success, she said they had obtained In
a few months goods worth thousands
of Uollars from stores.
The plan of operation in all cases
was the. same. Here in Oakland the
three would leave their quarters at
743 Eighth street in the forenoons.
Peter Hardens would carry a suitcase,
in it a large black bag. He would take
his place outside the store to be robbed.
Mrs. Harkins and h<?r husband Henry
would enter, the. man carrying her
long black »cape over his left arm.
Pretending to be a customer, Mrs.
Harkins would talk to a salesman and
have the goods laid on the counter.
Hinry Harkins woulJ deftly slip arti
cles of value into the folds of the cape.
At a signal the couple would leave
tbe shop, give the loot to Peter llar
jrens, .who would put it in the black
bag in the suitcase and leave.
Mrs. Harkins and Henry have con
fessed to thefts from .Hale Brothers.
Eleventh and Washington streets;
Smith Brothers' clothing store. Tenth
and Washington streets; Smith's book
etore in Thirteenth street between
Broadway and Washington; Abraham
eon's dry goods store, Thirteenth and
Washington streets; Capwell's dry
goo'Js store. Twelfth and Washington
streets, and Esmiol's furnishing goods
eh op.
Request Submitted to Oak
land Council
Bond Issue Election Proposed in
OAKLAND. July 21.— Fortified by le
gal advice from City Attorney Stetson
and District Attorney Donahue, the
board of education has filed with the
city clerk a formal request for the city
council to call a bond election to se
cure money with which to build new
schools and enlarge sites and buildings.
The council will receive the request at
its next meeting, July 25.
The school board's resolution was:
"That the city council be and is here
by requested to prepare and submit at
an early date to the qualified electors
of the municipality a proposition to
bond the city for the purposes set
forth in the declaration of the board of
Then followed the estimates of costs.
For high schools and sites the amount
is $968,000 and for grammar arid pri
mary schools, sites and buildings
Should the council call the election
the work, if the bonds be voted under
the present regime, will be supervised
by the board of public works. But a
nev charter -will be submitted to tha
voters within 90 days and Its adoption
will legislate the school board, the city
council and the board of public works
out of office. Thus the work may be
passed on to an entirely different board.
It was because of this that the park
commission dropped its plains for a park
bond isfcue. /
It is uncertain what action the city
council will take on the school direc
tors' request.
Notes of Capitalist \u25a0, and Wife
Aggregate $60,000
OAKLAND. July 21. — Claims. 1 aggre
gating - $60,603.75 were filed today
against the estate of the late Horry "v\ r -
Meek. These claims represent promis
sory notes .signed by Meek and his
widow. Harriet Webb ifeek. -. The hold T
erfe of the notes are J. W. McClyraonds,
apsignee of H. D. Rowe, $750; San
Joaquin Valley bank of Stockton, $46.-
PO6. with Interest, making the total due
$48,553.75; Mrs. W." G. Palmanteer,
$550; Abble F. BlckeU- $10,000; H. D.
rto"»e, $750. ' Mrs. Meek has already
presented # claims' against the estate,
covering "the same claims. These will
be withdrawn if the notes are 'paid out
of the e&tate. . . . " "\u25a0,
Meeting Called for This Even
ing at North Oakland
J OAKLVXD. J uly 21. — A- Van der Xail
lon Jr., former commissioner of public
works of San Francisco, will preside at
the organization of a. Curry republican
>lub Friday evening:. July 22, at Van
der Naillen's, hall, Telegraph; avenue
Rnd Fifty-firet* street. Among . the
speakers will be . Colonel F. A. Robert
son., a Kentucky orator, .who has re
cently arrived in Oakland.
Dudley J. Cates New
Editor in Chief Of
Daily Californian
Dudley J. Cates Will Be Chief of
Daily Calif ornian, Official
Organ of University
BERKELEY, July 21.— Dudley J.
Cates, editor elect •of the Californian,
the student daily at the university, is
expected to arrive here in a few days
to look over the field preparatory to
issuing the college paper. Cates was
selected as. editor by the executive com
mittee of the students last year.
For three years he has been a mem
ber of/the staff of the campus publica
tion and has risen from the positions
of reporter, associate editor, news ed
itor and managing editoi-. .
i He is well known in; fraternity cir
cles and Is affiliated with the Alpha
Delta Phi society,' as well as the
Wingled Helmet honor, organization of
the junior men. '
Cates'will outline his policy, for the
Californian next week, when he ar
rives from his home in Richmond, Ind.
Perpetrator of Swindle Pleads
Guilty to Petty Larceny
OAKLAND. July 21. — George Harris,
alias Hands, who was arrested by De
tective Drew for working a swindle
with bogus pawn checks, pleaded guilty
to petty larceny before Police Judge
Samuels this morning, and will be sen
tenced tomorrow.
His method of obtaining money was
unique. He obtained a block of pawn
broker's tickets and filled them out
himself. He then sold the tickets to
whomsoever he could. .
Tne chajge to which he has pleaded
guilty was of selling to an Oakland
man for $3.50 a spurious ticket calling
for -a diamond ring, pawned for $30,
according to the ticket. / •
Woman Dressed in Feathers
Discovers Demon's Secret
If we can believe an eastern legend
referred to by a Paris contemporary to
bacco owes its name "au demon lui
meme." According to the legend a peas
ant saw* Satan planting some strange
herbs and had the hardihood to inquire
the name. Satan was annoyed at the
request, but- replied: "If you discover
the name of this plant It and all the
riches pertaining thereto belong to
thee; but if not, I claim your body and
The peasant was disturbed and told
his wife. She said, "Do not fear; leave
it to me; I will find the,secret." At night
she divested herself, covered her body
with a glutinous matter and rolled her
self in feathers— possibly the prototype
of "Chanted er"— and ; set off for the
Held.' Satan was watching, and as he
saw the woman. bird he, in his turn,
bejTame alarmed* and shouted, ''Great
bird of evil, do not touch my tobacco!"
The secret was dlscovefed, and to the
credit of his "brunstane devllshlp"— the
title bestowed by .Burns— it may be
added, the peasant received the field/
The foregoing' legend does not clear
up the difficulty as to the origin of the
word "tobacco." According to Charle
voix, 'in his "History of St. Domin
ique," the pipe used by Indians in smok
ing was called "tabaco" ; Las Casas
tells us that the Spaniards who accom
panied Columbus on hls^ first voyage
saw the Indians in Cuba smoking dried
leaves, rolled up. In tubes called "ta
bacos." Clavigero says. the word .was th 4
name of the plant among the Haytians,
viz., tobacco. \u25a0 Hakluyt says * the same.
According to Bauhin, 1596,: and Minshen,
1617, tobacco derived its name from an
island— the same .today— Tobago, near
Trinidad, and another, suggestion^ is
Tabaco, a. province, of Yucatan. '
-...*.... ... .- •
Will Permit Examination Only
in Pockets'
Fraud nestles even on ,'the: "roof of
the world.? In other - words, \u25a0 the .un
sophisticated Tibetan : does a- : little
cheating, on his, own : account. "/vHe is
almost the \u25a0 sole r purveyor oft musk. It
is sold at something like a dozen times
its.weight in silver, so one.would 'think
the scent would-be pure." ; But j this Cis
farfrom'the'ease.. It 'is' always sold: in
"pockets,? and; the venders will" not al
low any examination;by. the buyer other
than . touch.' : But by \u25a0" this means \u25a0 he "? ls
unable ;to' determine /upon.: the -purity,
and- It \i frequently ,' happens '}: that > the
vender, has adulterated . his merchandise
with amidon, 'peas, , beans,, potatoes
mixed with, blood, the yolk : of -eggs,
pounded in a mortar until ; it resembles
musk- - \u25a0 , •\u25a0 \u25a0'
+- — — :.- ; +\u25a0
| Marriage Licenses |
\u25a0• — _, ~. .'": ;,;'. . ~, ;>- — / .'\u25a0"'<•
• OAKIiAXI>,'JuI.T. 21.— Tbe: following 'marriage
Hcensfs \u25a0wore Issued today: .. ... > . ..-.. -.'
Mt-Hin P.-*\*«n Horn.v 43,. *nd' Sarah L. Cast-
b*pr;.4s, both of San Francisco.' \u25a0
James .H. , Miner, 26. " San • Francisco, \u25a0':2: 2 and
Cecilia Sj-lTCKter. 21 . San \u25a0 Lorcn so. > - - \-\u25a0
• John t w. . Barnlcott;' 30. ~> Newcastle , and • Clare
M. Hud vra.' 2.l. ' .\ll««s. , ;
Orrall.Grlffln. .19. and Gladys V.FarDh«m',
IS. both of OaVland. - , • ... \u0084
; J«M»pli r.; KnOfrt. 32. -.Baktrsfipld. aucl lula C.
i lIaTCj-, p '£3,';Oruvllic' ' .. \u25a0 <•; •" . \u25a0
Miss Mary Latnoht Duncan Be
comes the Wife of George
W.Keeler Jr.
OAKLAND, July 21.— Miss Mary La-
Mont Duncan, the daughter of the late
Mr. and- Mrs. James Duncan of 976
Twenty-first street, ; and George TV.
Keeler Jr. were married last evening
at the home of the groom's parents,
Mr. and Mrs. A. L. Keeler, 679 Thirty
second street, the service being, read
by Rev. Fred H. Maar, pastor of the
Fourth Congregational church, .in the
presence of 75 relatives and friend?. . '
Immediately after the nuptial knot
had been tied the young couple led the
wedding guests in a march to the gar-:
den at the rear of the Keeler .: home,"
over which a great canvas awning had
been spread. Aside from the unique
setting and scenic effect, the open air
party j was given unusual brilliancy by
elaborate-electrical decorations. Tables
were placed In groups amid clusters of
pink and white carnations, sweet peas
and roses, with ferns as a background.
Japanese lanterns in. pink and white
surrounded the residence, and the place
was a mass of ribbons and lovers'
knots. . * .
While refreshments were being served
an appropriate program of vocal and
instrumental - selections was rendered,
led by Miss Anna Brunssen. At" the
plate of each guest a red heart shaped
card- was laid, upon which had been (
printed In- white:. "Mr. and Mrs.
George W. Keeler, Jr. At home after-
August 1 at 537 Thirty-fifth street."'.
The wedding celebration commenced
with the bridal march to Mendelssohn's
popular strain, and- the young couple/
led by Miss Alice Brand, who scattered
flowers along their pathway; Miss Ada
Moore and Mrs. O. Brand, proceeded to
an arbor of pink and white floral deco
rations in the parlor^of the hewne. The
bride was escorted by George Mulhern,
best man, who made the formal presen
tation after the ceremony. . ,
The groom is 21 years old and the
son of Mr. and Mrs. A. L. Keeler, -who
celebrated their silver wedding March
21. ' The grandparents of the groom,
Mr. and Mrs.. George W. Keeler Sr. of
San Francisco, celebrated their fiftieth
anniversary May 21. The parents of
the bride, Mr. James and Mrs. "Anna
E. Duncan, came to Oakland in the
early days from Scotland. Mrs. .Dun
can died in 1909* and her husband in
1902., The" bride is a popular leader in
the younger social set with which she
associates.- She is 21 years old.
Among those present were:
Mr. and Mr*. George L. SilTPrstpin
W. Keelf-r Sr. Mr. and Mrs. Fred
Mr. and Mrs. A. U Wbitlnj?
Kcel*>r L. Shares -
Mr. and Mrs. O. Precta- S. Chamblin
tel U John Champion -
D. E. Woodworth • <\u25ba. Manders
Mrs. A. Aodercmi F. Mast.
Mr. and Mrs. .William Mr. and Mrs. C. Botta-
Brand ." Tell
J. B. Duncan . . Mr. and Mrs. U. Hig-
Mrs. and Mrs. Ettaa gln^on .
Top O. MnlhMii
C. Engel H. I-j-nch
Mrs. t.\ Brand ]Mr. and; Mrs. V. Osgood
Mis« B. Brand ,' Mrc."Martna . Hand
Stanl«?r Ellman ' Miss Ada Moore
O. Oalon Uot". Dr. F. 11. Maar
1 Mrs. jr. Joseph ' * IVnvr Hand i
Miss M. Joseph' ' Franklin Kooler ,
Miss Li.^ Keeler' : Ornollus Keeler
Mrs. C. Bromley. •< (Soorge Wallace ~ -r
Mrs. M. Tasnult - Mlps ,F. . Hlsslnson
Mr*. J. Green • - Miss Anna Brnnssen \u25a0
Mrs. A. SllTersteln " Clarence Keelet
Miss Alice Brand R. Wiley
William Brand
Chinese Interpreter of Police
Court for 40 Years Stricken 1
With Paralysis
OAKLAND. July r 21.— Chinese resi
dents have received word of \u25a0 the "j death
on the (liner China of Gee Gam, for 40
years the Chinese interpreter of the
police court. He was stricken with
paralysis on the voyage and expired in
midocean. ' He was returning to his na
tive land for a visit.; '.; ;
Gee. Gam -was one of the, best known
orientals on the coast. , His sons have
been educated at the University. of Cali
fornia and one son, -Luther Gee,' took a
master's degree at. Harvard and is ''now'
vice president of the iTangshan engi-.
neering and mining college" in Tnorth
China. The professor teaches economics
as that subject is given at American
Gee Gam's body/will be buried in
China, but' funeral services will be held
at the chapel in jßrehham; place,' San
Francisco, where- for several years ; the
family lived. .. Gee* Gam -was;: once an
active Congregational minister In San
Francisco..' .. ,-
\u0084 Although the father clung ito. the' Ch
inese, custom of using his' surname first,
his^ sons /call themselves "Gee." after
occidental, fashion." The children are
Linfdrth; Pond Mooar,- Luther McLean,
Henshaw, Benton, Howard, ; and I Miss
Mac Gee. -'^A- widow,' Chung Shee~,also
survives. Gee Gam was 63 years'ot age;
Threaten Injunction to ; Stop
\Washington Street Opening
OAKLAND;' JuIy 2 1.4-Injuncti6n.- pro-,
ceedings are ; threatened^by j Clayjstreet
property, owners against^ theTopehing; of
iWashington- street': and, the; construction
of the ' new;. municipal.; buildings.VA^,:A
meeting , has been called Cfor 1 -: tomorrow
night iin 'the JMe^tropole hotel [ -.to discuss
the?questlon.\of "tying; up^invthe^ourts
the project. .^Objection: has .been .made
to!! the- assessment district* "created- to
payi f or i the ,- street = opening. :- - R. I ; N.^Kit^
chener,*: secretary.' of the -Broadway^ to
Market a street , improvement club,'- has
called »the. meeting. ':';_:
Attempted to ; Reach Roof of
House After Betting
:;OAKLAND,; July 21.--Mlchael Costa,
who "had : his 'skull fractured "last Sunf
.while trying to. rcachUhef oof .'of. an; un-'
f finishcdl;dwellirig:;.at~Shattuckii'avenue
and'Forty-'elghth' street, died'tthis morn
ing.at the;countyjinfirrnary.'riHei.isjsaid
to ,haye > s beeni'drinkiri'?gwine ; and majJe
a betlwitlv;a;friend!;tliat heTcbuld'cllmb
to" the' roof. y 'HCiWaslpickedrup^uncoh-;
scious a nd itakenXtoT the' recel vihg : hos
pi t air th ence \u25a0to', t he . i h firriiar y. *' An ! ; in -
auest vwilliberheldVW V ? \y, \u25a0\u25a0> > v 1 -•
Walter J. Seaborn;
who Will Try To
Lower Racing Time
Berkeley Official Will Ride- His
Motorcycle a Mile Against^
1 imc •
BERKELEY, July 21.— With hopes of
breaking tlie Pleasanton track record
of a mile in;s6 seconds with'the motor
cycle, City Clerk Walter J. Seaborn
of this city is daily riding his/ four
cylinder Pierce and will try for the
record in a few weeks. Seaborn as
tonished the, spectators .last Sunday at
Pleasanton by reeling off a mile in
just a. minute, : and he made six miles
at an average speed of 1 minute and
6 seconds. .
Young Seaborn, who was; a globe
trotter and took part in the boxertrou
bles in China,; is known; as .an athlete
as well as an expert stenographer and
type writer. He is a member of .the
Berkeley; tennis club and is frequently
seen\ engaged in, one of -hisJ favorite
pastimes, horseback.riding.
But the ' horse '\u25a0 has been cast ' aside
for the speedjv motorcycle, and Seaborn
has probably the most powerful ma
chine in'the city, more powerful than
the new Thor wheel of the police de
partment, which can,. develop nearly- 6
horsepower. . ' V : '-'\u25a0 ::''\u25a0• ; :
- "Inside-the-city limits young-. Seaborn
does not speed, but on the.Orfnda'park
road north of here he has been known
to hit ; nearly, a. mile a minute clip
over, the hills. . .
-Helsays that the sport is exhilarating
and great exercise for. a. man whose
office duties • keep him indoors* the
greater part of the day. ' , •
Western Pacific Official s to Join
Citizens of Oakland in Fes=
tivities August 22
v OAKLAND, July 21.— Secretary : : A.\ A.
Denlson of the. chamber of commerce
announced today that he " ; had ; con
ferred with* C. -H. Schlacks, 'first vice
president of the Western Pacific com
pany at \San Francisco, relative to the
celebration of August 22, when \u25a0 pefma-
J hent"; service:. will be established 'by^the
company, arid. that tlie" railroad officials
•had : approved \ot 'the. plan : mapped^out
by; the; chamber. //The:- Western-. Pacific
company/will -"co-operate with/the "citi
zens { of. Oakland "in preparing a * royal
welcome for Uhe first \u25a0 train, andndefl
nite plans for festivities will be rdr awn
up tentatively, on Mondaj', when Assist
ant -Traffic ; Manager . X. . L. . Lom'ax t will
meet with, a committee 'to 'be 'appointed
,by the directors of the chamber. ,
Radical Socialists Hold Record
for Long Speeches
The ; Officiel gives some f interesting
statistics- of .the^French \u25a0\u25a0 chamber 'and
senate; i It» seems that?dufing;thft; year
1908 j the ; chamber," sat'Jfor : ; 608 hours .45 i
minutes; for Jan "average » of ?, •, hours, 48 !
minutes permitting, or 1 hour >°>9 min
utes ; p^r,: day? The number -of /speeches
delivered was 413, making" 549,664 lilies'-:
in^theOffloiei;.^ : "~ ' ~. : J
":Thejdemocrats (union andleft) spoke
in : the'ag(?regate-in3^hours-2S minutes/
the;radloals%Sl .hours 37 minutes, radi
cal 5 socialists 120^hours 51 1 minutes,! so^
cia lists : 100^ hours 33 \u25a0 minutes; progress-"
ists f .62 hoursft rniniiteß andinationalists
30 1 hours ;il; mihute^- The average :l: l time
each '\u25a0,;. speaker was 'before ;•';: the> "\u25a0' hoiise
would be ; 2 ! hours .1 5 "minutes f of? the (left
*andL4Si min^utes for; the right jUhe'aver.-'
age I cost Iwould : bet 111" francs "i fof
leftand'3l2'francs"for,the*;right.^ ; " \u25a0-'. t;;
V.-i The'. French ' senate's! ts less often and
speaks ; less; tha n th e ; cha mber,^ bii t^ tlie
vote ais • tlie : same.-jlhiringi 1907; the senf
ate i; sat for; only t2GS j hours* 35? minutes,
or.,3!hours',7;minutesyper.''slttlng i on'»the
average.'ior, 43 rminutes;periday. i : 'Allow T "
ing.-15,000- francs .pcr /annum if or^each
senator, : lthe r V'el6quence"Tof* the; upper,
chamber costsj;'thef countryj.4 ss "franca
per; minute r dn ; the"> radical side^ arid 133
francs, onthe progressists. '.'. •
iV.SL of
having "occupied I the"| tribune '; the v long^]
est.'and he as" honored with; 4i;699; lines
\u25a0ihj;the official; publication^ iM.-Jaufes,*
the : socialist,-, must^look {to: his 5 laurels,"
for he"is"only'a,poof,second,1 v withy 6,235
lines]to . his credit.lM. v Clemen"c«au^ pres-"
ident' of .the council,; in* both ? :,chambers
spoke;only.-.for"9j l TibufSi4sjfninutes,Tand
ministerial ' colleagues. 4 fc The^m6stXmodi
est^ i s x M.J '. Du jard i n^BcaTurri etzyi'- whose
berT.28 i; miri*uteslla'hd^lsllnl:tlieJ¥enate;
"Dans V lcsV-;piHitsl>m6ts*:ies|'.b*6li"s£on"i'
suents"~is;tlie r oomment r 6f a^Paris.con
temporary, .-.j >, - r \u25a0 '.-\u25a0\u25a0.. '\u25a0 .
Architect Suggests Mural Paint
ings, Statuary and Clock
for Municipal Building
\u25a0OAKLAND, July .2l.— Mural decora
tions for the council chambers of the
new $1,000,000 city, hall from the brush
of t Maxfield Parrish, one "of America's
most distinguishedartists, wilTbe pro
posed, to the board of public works by
Henry Hornbostel, the; noted New York
architect, whose firm drew tlie £lans for
the building. has already
taken up the subject with Mayor Mott,
and has made estimates showing th.at
the full sum of $1,050,000 will be. suf
ficient for: the erection of the hall and
for its decoration.
1 Hornbostel; an authority on decora
tive architecture, finds that the bond
money, allowance would not be exceeded
if the city were to" employ Parrish's
talents for mural work,, and' to place
statuary of the 'highest type-in- the
alcoves and grounds of the hall. More
detailed information" will be prepared
for the board by Hornbostel.
; -'Another feature of the decoration of
the hall taken up by v " Hornbostel- will
be the installing of a clock inthe lofty
tower. (He 'favors a clock that will
chime the hours in day, and give elec- \u25a0
trie signals by night. As the building
will be 11 stories, the lights would be :
visible from all parts of the city at
night. " . „
In his estimates Hornbostel learned!
that by spending a, little larger sum
than the bond money, the city could
place in the basement of the hall a
municipal electric plant, capable of iV
luminating the building and of lighting
the electroliers-.which \u25a0 have been set in
streetsin various sections. This would
mean a large reduction of the monthly
lighting bill. ;
.Hornbostel said today that with the
money in hand the board of public
works will find it advantageous to au
thorize him to employ Maxfield Par
rish and a sculptor for decorations and
to^ install the : type of clock he has
planned. \u2666 •/>" i
. , - . __ - 9 • • - in— — — . i
Brunswick Is. Divided Into 26
.Even in Germany, the land of sys
tem and order, Consul Talbot J. Al
bert says the city of Brunswick is cele
brated" for its charity organization. "Cy
many it is considered the best and most
complete, and. . therefore, a model.
The city has 145,000 inhabitants, and
is -said, to cover a larger area in pro
portion to its population than any other
in Germany. While the city is for the
most part compactly built, it has sev
eral -small parks near the renter, • a
number of large market and other opeu
places, and some ' broad streets witli
promenades shaded by trees.* This area
is; divldod'sinto 26* administrative dis
tricts for' the poor and 26 districts for
orphans.- \u25a0 \u25a0
The mayor; is the president^ of the
board of administ rattan. . He has an
official staff, including >a.head physi
cian, also T a specialist for eyes and
another for'ears. : Each district for the
poor has its director, from seven to
sixteen men. guardians of care takers
and -from one , to five, women and a
practicing physician to it.
The for orphans'. 'have also
their guardians or care takers, less -in
number, usually the same persons as
for "" the poor. These care takers are
chosen ? from -' different classes of the
population, rherclwtnts, teachers, per
sons living on their' incomes, etc., and
are -honorary without - pay.
By this systematic, organization pov
erty with its attendant evils is reduced
to a minimum.- " - . . .-\u25a0\u25a0
There are 110 benevolent associa
tions 'of different kinds,- but *no local
charity organization society. Under
the head of -recreatio t n for children are
to be mentioned the following: ,"j
; Ferienkolonieen, sending of. school
children away for summer recreation.
Kinderheilstaetten an : deutschen Seek
usten, lodging and. nursing of sick and
weak children in'the sea hospice at
Xorderney. .: Kinderspeiseanstalt, .sup
plying school children •\u25a0with- .midday
nourishment. See hospiz in Norderney,
reception, of 'sick 7 and "weak j children
for about six weeks in the summer half
year. Sommerpflege, the quartering . of
children -feeding recreation in the Harz
mountains during the summer holidays.
Speisung armer Schulkinder, feeding ; of
poor,; school children. : ;Volkskindergar
ten, keepi ng ', and caring for children of
the less-well to-do during the day for
the weekly, sum of 1 mark (23.8 cents).
Volkskueche, giving of cheap and nour
ishing-food, -especially .to children and
the (sickJ "Waldspiele, recreation for
needy children in the,, woods during the
summer, holidays. ,
: These institutions are supported by"
the benevolent contributions of citizens.
They are collected by person^. deputized
for that; purpose with an, official book.
The -contributions are ; usually small,
generally' l," 2 or 3 marks, ; rarely ex
ceeding 10 marks. •:'.. Fairs.; bazaars and
concerts are also -given for benevolent
associations., '
" A^novel* association ; ls? the Brockeri
sammlung ;\u25a0 (crumb v collection). ; \u25a0'\u25a0" This
society, receives, presents of cast away
clothing, household articles, ' etc., . of all
softs, which are .sold ;to -Jthe less well
to;do.';> Even the: ends of cigars : - cut off
by .smokers' are , collected ; and!, turned
into snuff .;; More than \u25a0 1 00 {needy ohil
drenTafeVclothed;arid{aided-by.'thls in
stltutionr{;> TheT ci,ty, has j excellent pub
lic' baths,';whlchV are ' patronized ".b>\' the
"children;:andVtheater performances are
given : ;f or Uhem at, Christmas and Eas
ter •- at; reduced: prices. ", ; ;
Invention Shown at Exhibitions
: in -Australia ;
At. recent 'expositions;: in v Melbourne
and < Sydney .Vice;ConsulGerierar Henry
D.^Bakef^ found Jthat. much "attention
was -attractedHol ahjlngenious Austra'-'
lian invention ;'ofiar;machine \u25a0. for . wash
ingi clothes ;b>V;means?ofi suction caused
by/a', vacuum;, which* he [describes: y'-'j"':
o'. The Tdevice '\u25a0•\u25a0 In i : appearance^ resembles
al^metal • cone > or
f unnel.-. i It .; may, be placed ~ in /a copper
boiler Jor,, even jinf ah ibrdlnaryS kerosene*
\u25a0tin. When - the -water!*: boils, -steam iis
generated' inside ; :the 'cone, this forcing
the'waterJin.'a-sprayVout of itheftopfof
the l f uhhel,"\thus i forming V: vacuum In-;
side »' the '"To^refill/; this
the'water^is sucked: through the clothes
continuously, land ; this : ; goes
on* a.tlthe : rate of ; four; gallons a i minuter
the ,-dirtC being - by - force ' and
rapid?cir c ulatta^i.;.v, w t : \ .-"--\u25a0'
\u25a0\u25a0*!,.The v. niachirie : ; appears ;"to •: remove -: all
kinds Vbf?dlft* and 'discoloration* and -to
leaveithelarticles '.washed .''sno^V;,white"
inYappeafance^wjilleilti also" saves ; the
rough] han^Un^; incident; to Cusual labor
ious and so
tends i"to Veliminatelweaf .'arid 'tear, and
serious 'damage \u25a0to v ;delicate fabrics,
linens,;. laces.\, etc.-^ ; . '\u25a0\u25a0\u25a0.:.- , , • .it-rx-,
Two Fair Scorers
Who Will Officiate
At Card Tourney
Whist Tournament Planned by
Mothers* Society of St.
Elizabeth's Parish
OAKLAND, July 21. — Extensive
preparations are being made by the
Mothers' "society of St. Elizabeth's Cath
olic church for the whist tournajneht
to be held Tuesday evening, July 26, in
St. Elizabeth hall in Bray avenue,
Fruitvale, for the purpose,, of, raising
additional funds for building a new
edifice, to cost $100,000. -
The officers ;of the Mothers* society
of the church are Mrs. S. Rist, presi
•dent; Mrs. F. Franz, vice president, and
Mrs. G. Nittler, secretary. The follow
ing committee is in charge of the whist
tourney: Mrs. J. C. Xebach, Mrs. Rist.
Mrs. H. Van Duren, Mrs. J. Rightllng.
Mrs. John Bond and Mrs. H. Scha
barum. \u25a0 i '•:\u25a0'" ;^ > : : :
Five pretty girls have been selected
to keep the scores at the whist tourna
ment. They are the Misses Rose Bold,
Rose Rist, Julia Nebach, Florence Bu
cher and Emma Krieg.
There is already several thousand
dollars in the new building fund and It
is planned within a year, by means of
entertainments, bazaars and subscrip
tions," to Increase this amount to $25.
000, which will be sufficient for work
on the new edifice to begin. St.. Eliza
beth's parish is one of the largest on
this side of the bay. ;><•'-\u25a0
Nicholas- J. Ciignot Constructed
Steam Carriage in 1769
Nicholas Joseph Cugnot is to have a
monument. If any one asks who
Cugnot was, It may be said briefly that
he .was the. first automobillst.
Many years before'Stephenson had in
troduced his railway locomotive Cugnot,
who was a military. engineer,- had made
a locomotive for roads. His own t folk
scarcely; knew of him until the recent
automobile exhibition, but | his locomo
tive has been piously preserved at the
Conservatoire dcs Arts et Metiers, says
the London' Globe. The place for the
memorial is, as . it should be, in the
commune of Void (Meuse), where he
was born in 1725. Cugnot died in ISO 4.
His lot was not that of many geniuses.
He-did not die in want. Napoleon had
secured' him a pension of 1,000 francs.
In this' respect the premier consul
showed more, enlightenment than, he
did in regard to. Fulton of steamboat
fame, whom he considered— it is. dis-r
tressing to write^an, adventurer.
Cugnot's carriage. was built to: trans
port arms,. and he had designed a serv
ice -gun. .These achievements alono
would 5 be a passport to Napoleon's
favor. 6§iSP§£[email protected]ßS
..Cugnot's steam carriage was crude
enoughrfrom our point of, view. : It was
built in 1769. 'He used a pair of . single
acting; high pressure cylinders to 'turn
a driving axle ; step by . step by means of
pawls^and ' ratchet ' wheels. It may bo
added' that. Cugnot. was In his way an
authority? on military: fortifications.
; pNo". woman Vwiio) bears jcldldren'fneied suffer during W&&%i%
;tne;pefiod of waiting, nor at any time of^baby's com- £\7/^Jrw^
ing, ' if Mother's Friend is used as a massage for the i-'Yvfr^^'-y 1
-muscles, tendons arid glands of the body Mother's Friend is apene-
- : .heal thful liniment^hich'strengtheris the ligaments, lubricates
and renders pliant those muscles on which the strain is greatest, pre-
vents caking "of ; breasts by; keeping the ducts open, "and relieves
: nausea, backache, numbness, nervousness, etc. Its regular use will
prepare every portion of the system for the safety of both mother and
child and , greatly reduce the pain and danger when the little one
;comes> YMother'slFfierid is sold at drug stores. Write for our frcq
book '"- containing valuable information for expectant mothers.
Catches Groom With "Ad,"
Buys His Trousseau and
Settles $30,000 Upon Him
OAKLAND, July 21.— Mrs. A. M. At
wood,- a wealthy widow of New York
city, and R. H. Foster of Dal ton, Mass..
who met for the. first time a week ago
Sunday at tho Metropole hotel, made a
hasty trip to San Ilafael this morn-
Ing.' where they were quietly married.
The nuptial knot was tied after several
weeks of courtship by correspondence,
and the newly wedded couple, both of
whom are well advanceJ in years, left
for a honeymoon trip with Santa Crus
as the objective point.
The correspondence that . led the
couple to the altar besan while . Mrs»_
Atwood was in Los Angeles recently.
She placed an advertisement for pro
posals with a matrimonial agency of
that city, and Foster's response came,
together with 51 others.
Mrs. Atwood 'declared that No. 53,
from a man she had formerly known,
was on its way, when she accepted Fos
ter's proposal and agreed ( to meet him
here for the ceremony.
She said that she accepted Foster be
cause he did not smoke. "I want a
man who does not use tobacco or
liquor," she said today, and, strangely
enough, Foster, who was about to pur
chase a cigar from the hotel clerk. de
sisteJ. ISSfSj
According to her own statement, Mrs.
Atwood Is worth about $100,000, invest
ed In real estate and stocks. Upon the
couple's return from San Rafael a will
was drawn up by attorneys In which
Mrs. Abbott provided $30,000 for Foster
in case of her demise. The balance
was distributed 'among- relatives.
She then paid the expenses of Fos
ter's courtship, the hotel and sundry
bills of both herself and Foster, bought
him some new clothes and then said:
"I wonder if the skeptical ones will
still persist in declaring: that marriage
by correspondence is a failure.".
The couple left the hotel with* four
trunks and six suitcases, avowing'their
intention of traveling in style.
Famous Vessel Reproduced in
Its Minutest Details ; .
The exhibits at the Louvre have ju3t
been enriched by a mode! of the caravel
in whffch Columbus discovered America.
The original is said to be preserved in
the. arsenal at. Corunna, and the model
hag been made under the direction of
the naval architect, Senor Soe, at the
instance of King Alfonso and the
Spanish admiralty. The model is 70 cen
timeters In length— that is. about 2*
inches, and it has been reproduced with
the minutest detail — sails, rigging* anil
armament. The model will be placed
In the naval collection. Two of the ves
sels with which Columbus dodged the
Portuguese navigators, crossed the At
lantic and discovered America were
caravels. The caravel was narrow at
the poop and 'wide at the bow. and car
ried a double tower at the stern and a
single tower in 'the bow." It had four
masts and a bowsprit, the principal
sails being lateen sails.
As to lateen, it may be observed, it is
a phonetic, spelling of Latlne "voile
latlne." from its use in the Mediterra
nean. It was a triangular sail extended
by a long tapering yard slung at. about
one quarter the distance from the low,er
end, which is brought down at the tack,
causing the yard to stand at an angfe
of about 45 degrees or more.' Longfel
low in the "Golden Legend," sings:
On before the freshening gale : - "
That fill the snow white lateen sail.
Swiftly our light felucca flies.
Half Caste Natives Increase,
Women Preponderating
Doctor Chervin has been studying the
people of Bolivia with some curious re
sults. He divides them Into four groups:
the natives, whites, half castes and
negroes. The natives are the most
numerous, the •'last returns showing 1
792,850 persons. But the birth rate Is
low and mortality heavy. The half
castes, on the contrary, are steadily
increasing- Half castes of natives and
negroes are not numerous. There are
231.08S descendants of Spaniards. \ As
to the negroes their decrease is marked.
In 1846 they numbered 27.941, while last
return gives them at only" 4.Q00. An
other strange fact to which the doctor
makes reference is that among the>
natives men form the majority. The
same holds good of the negroes, but
among the whites and half cast? 3
women preponderate.
Aviator Says Public Is Learning
Aeronautics Rapidly
i\ Glenn H. Curtiss, whose brilliant
feais permit America to retain its very
high place In aeronautics, was describ
ing in : New York his recent Sight down
the' Hudson.
"TheV intelligent Interest of the public,
in my 'aeroplane and Its operation," he,
said,, "shows very plainly that people
nowadays have a good general knowl
edge of aeronautics. It wasn't always
so. "When " l think of th© sttipij ami
useless questions about my machine
that used to* exasperate me to the point
of rudeness, I am reminded of Smith.
"Smith, meeting Jones one ' day, ex
•".'** 'Hallo. Jones! You wearing glasses!
What's that for?*
"Jones, annoyed at the foolishness
of the question, answered irritably:
"'Corns!' "

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