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Copyright by E. Filiatre. Charles F. Willard; a a\\V fHY, it doesn't seem more than a •week W / a^° s ' nce tne Wrights were guarding \l\ their workshop like a diamond labora tor}- and every one else in the game was either sealing up keyholes or trying to peek through. And cow look at them!" So spoke a man In the stands at the recent Boston aviation meeting as he ftood staring up at the triumph of the event, when Walter L. Brookins, Ralph Johnstone, Claude Gra hame-White and C. F. Willard were sailing the aii above the field in open exhibition. The man in the stands, like the man in the street, is apt to voice the prevailing note. He may not be an expert, but he knows the trend of the moment and the of the hour. And in this instance he pointed out, crudely enough, the new and significant stage in the development of the aeroplane. The masters of the craft have abandoned, tempo rarily, the secret laboratory method in their work. Their machines are appearing daily under' the guid ance of their pupils at public gatherings, meets, fair* and celebrations in all parts of the country. They are no longer preparing models under lock and key and stealing away to make flights by night, but they are coming into the open and inviting the man in the stands and very one else* to step up and watch their inventions. Moreover, they have abandoned the keen race for records, the breathless straining after fresh achievements that formed their chief interest a few J. B. Moisant vcars ago. Instead they are resting on their laurels and satisfying public curiosity. Aviation, so far as it means a nerve racking strug gle for new flying marks, tense competition among birdmen for premier honors of the air and constant study of new designs, has come to a halt for the time being. If there is one apparent feature of present general conditions in the science it is that the con test for supremacy among American and foreign de signers has paused and that aviators are grasping rather at tangible returns in money than at further fame in higher altitudes, longer journeys and faster flights. \ Aviation, so far as it meant public familiarization with the possibilities of the aeroplane, is enjoying its harvest moon. Flying is at its hour of novelty and prosperity. Its exponents are seizing the opportunity at the full. The time is ripe for the reaping of re wards and they are garnering the wealth that will carry them on in future important and serious work. "We can scarcely be blamed," said one of the vet •••sn aviators recently, in explanation, "if 'we turn \u25baside from puzzling over theories and models to bene .ht by a fleeting stage of commercialism. We have spent hundreds of thousands of dollars in experimen tation. We shall spend many more hundreds of thou sands. In the meantime we are improving public interest to replenish our purses." THE FINANCIAL VIEW This is the explanation of the [fenomcnon.ob ssrved by the man in the stands. The practical aero plane has materialized from a "3ream to a fact. The AEROPLANES HARVEST MOON Now for the \Bird Men^Who^ the ßewards of ' a Temporary Stage of } Commercialism Co«mt Jacques de Lesseps. ' Photo by Pictorial News Co. - Walter Brookins. Claude Grahame- White. rtjenry JVVcyniann.; early strivings arter startling results, when each week brought forth its .astonishing advance, have passed. Man has" flown across the channel, 1 across the Alps, from London to Paris, from Albany, to New York. The future can hold nothing that -will seem as mar velous in comparison with • the; past as did these feats, all within- seven of .the first 59 second flight by Wilbur .Wright. ;;The. public is satiated with wonders, crammed with records,; and it demands mbsjt insist ently that it .be; allowed a chance to see" the strange machines; its elf. t _ The aviators are quite content; to humor it. . "I have been urged repeatedly to prepare a .ma chine especially for a try' at the speed ? mark,'' , said the same aviator, who did not care to have his name used, "but why should I? There is no pension fund for -impoverished air pilots that •! "ever ; heard of. Within the last year or so we '; have had .'oiir first re-; turns." ..My, machine will : fly /and --my'" pupils- can-be well paid for flying it. That is what attracts me at present. . . ' "After. the present craze. over the aeroplane has ex- ; pended itself, as -it must,' f after the edge has been taken off public curiosity and an exhibition of a meet ing ceases to be the drawing card it; is now, why, '.very well. -I -shall s " be glad then to .^go.^ back tb-my work bench and my models. 1 shall be keen -to construct a machine designed to capture the speed record. And I shall be the keener, mark this point, because I shall have the mon,ey to proceed with. - "Nearly all the flying, men look upon it as I do. They have not gone money mad; they have not al lowed a noble craft to fall , foul of a hunger for riches, but, to mix the figure effectively, they are taking time by the forelock." . Incidental to this phase of ; the situation in avia non.thc man in the stands might have remarked an other decided change.. It was significant at the Boston meet, as at other recent meets, that of f all the competitors on the ground, with the single ex cepion of Mr. Glenn Curtiss, not one ' was -flying a machine designed by. hirusclf, or, stating the re verse, none of the original inventors whose nam« Wi}bur Wright. ' Oryillc Wright. : ;— ' < \u25a0 j are associated with a distinct type ; or machine wa? present except Mr. Curtiss. ; Mr. : Wilbur Wright \u25a0"Mas a passenger in one of his machines in the bomb dropping contests, but beyond f that was content"; to have members of his . staff .handle - the Wright biplanes. *»' *\u0084 .. J t vv - . These facts signalized a tendency which' is. becom ing more , apparent; among, the- pioneers of flying. The masters themselves are -retiring ;-j from active "; com petition and exhibition. ! Mr. ; ; Curtiss, -^a; few days ago emphasized his intention of abandoning public flights very soon. The Wrights; no longer engage personally * in -competitive \ and -demonstrative flying. Abroad- the same holds • true . of - Mons. ' Bleriot/and of Mr. .Farman: '\u25a0; ; : • : \u25a0 . The actualV manipulation, of machines at meetings nowadays is being mostly carried on by" a younger set; who »are followers and pupils of trie original experts, instead of by the men -who have borne such a close \u25a0; relation to the first tentative - steps in avia^ tion. The designers are "leaving -the -greater' risks to others- and are turning their attention COH7: struction and instruction. " THEIR HARVEST MOON ; 'This condition runs .parallel with the present pros r pefity enjoyecl -by -aviators. There 'is no reason for the inventors to go aloft when they have pupils^who call manage the machines 1 for \u25a0 them. ;. It is well that they refrain ; from \u25a0 continual flights, for th« science could ill spaVe one of: its ; pioneers.; : A~representa- J tive: displays the 'machine, 7 s6metimes on: a perceht age ,basis ; with ,the designer,; and -both, profit : by the public - thirst for: novelty. -.-Meanwhile': the \u25a0master \is free to impart his hardly gained-wisdom. and; exper^ ience to' those who must be looked; to for the/fuwfc' 4 to ; build machines and .to - improve/ his type, v .' . \u25a0~, Thus it conies about that the:.' competitors anil demonstrators- ol the day are,, chiefly^graduates;; of the various • schools founded by the ; pioneers; i using the type ] of machine to which they have .been trained. The /Wrights, \ for .. instance, have such ; pupils /-as Messrs; L. .Brookins; ~. Ralph /Johnstone, "Arch" Hoxsey/ and A. L. ; Welsh: ; Ther best ; known pupils! of, Mr.; Curtiss include ; Messrs;* Charles ; Foster Willard, Eugene Ely, ;- J. C.VMcCurdy,! Augustus \ Post and 'J. v C. Mars. , Mons/- Bleribt;. has -a 'great- number Eugene E1y. ... Photo "by: Cress. Blerbt N > Copyright by New York H:rald Co, Augustus Post: • Glenn H. Curtiss. Copyright by New York Herald to.. 'Arch Hoxsey. -\u25a0 . \u25a0; . •-Jr.. : ~s I \u25a0 \u25a0•\u25a0\u25a0\u25a0 v . . : . of pupils, some of whom have in turn" pupils of their :•\u25a0• own. Comte Jacques- de Lesseps, Mr. j." Armstrong \u25a0 Drexel and ,Mons. Paulhan are prominent expo nents of : the' Bleriot type of monoplane, as are also Messieurs Alfred L'e Blanc, , J. B. Moisant and ' Emile ?;Aubrum:\. Messrs. -Clifford &. Harmon and Henry Weymann "are pupils' of the Farman school,, as was Mr, "Grahame- White, who 'has also learned to use a ' Bleriot machine. Some, of these gentlemen approach flying; in }the^spirit -of ; the amateur and- others-.are .; exhibiting- -on* their : own account. Still others are indirectly: connected with the- staffs of their 'instruc tors: o,These",last are supplied with, machines, with which they fill engagements at exhibitions and meet ings, sAt present their time is : fully occupied. No important state or county fair is' considered com plete without: a real, surer enough bird man •as \u25a0\u25a0 the big attraction.;, Balloons, parachute jumpers' and horse /races are --worn threadbare 1 . Calls are .made -con is tantly r^upon the -master aviators for the , services of "demonstrators. The ;bookings; already, made extend • a yearr* or /more ahead? A staff ; pupil is \u25a0 assigned •to 'fill a list . of engagements*like'any. other :performer. It i is w pointed out \u25a0by .aviators 7 that r the -, existing 'period! of necessarily, temporary, ,, r is not 'without its value in \u25a0 the .progress of : the aero *-. plane.' V-^ While the stress of competition ; has slack ened,' the -great ri^ flights' being \u25a0 made and' "•the- manufacture : of - machines demanded for exhibi : tors Jail \ con tribute <to \ the "data ; of the ; science ; and ; ' the i knowledge- of^its- followers'- Every time: a -flying r man • rrTakes -, ah ascent jhe . learns ., something ' more aboutithe - control and "manipulation",, of , his t-plaqe. 'rji Every time - there \u25a0 is ' an •• accident or (a - break 0 do^nv the ' cause is ; carefully sought \u25a0 and an -attempt ', made ;^ to correct, the : fault. ; ." \u25a0 "; Jflying for money ' >.*-* *\u25a0"\u25a0 ' •rSo;it^is;-that:al though, the; masters , are: no longer; .-pitted : . against > one • another .v- for .records they are V steadily; studying [ and improving the existing -.types, '\u25a0; building' upHrom the experience of their pupils. The > curious : and ' generous 'public provides "them : with the wherewithal ; and the- leisure. • : Meanwhiie r there .is - one man - who \ does > not stem :% to } have vbeen ; able to) dip' .his hands ; into ; the •* golden*. \u25a0 flodd.. Aviation"- meetings have been a- vast success Lours Paulhan. . . \u25a0':\u25a0. /•\u25a0\u25a0\u25a0^\u25a0\u25a0*-'. from the standpoint of the spectators and flyers, but the promoter, who usually looks out for a fat sfica of the profits, has been sadly out of pocket. Up to the present time, it is said, not one such meeting has returned anything to those who backed it, and in most instances there has been a loss. Figures of the amounts lost at some recent aviation events are JL« cL n«LI" *v •• • • •«£.»* •••••• •• • ••••••••• \u25a0••••••• BnurnemoiitK SO 000 Xi liiCi\pOO* •••••••••••••••••••••»•• \u25a0\u2666_•• •• • • 4 O»LA-Vy Rheims 100,000 Nice j. 110,000 Boston 20,000 The promoter's plaint upon this state of affairs comes back upon" the aviator. The bird man is play ing. up to the top of the market. He knows that the public wants to see him perform, is clamoring* for an exhibition, and he promptly skies his price. The returns for those who able to make practical flights nowadays are enormous and the promoter has to stand the strain. What the promoter has so far apparently failed to observe is that the public's curiosity is quickly satisfied. Counting upon the wide advertising that flying has had and the gener ally keen interest aroused he ha 3 planned for long engagements. The result too often has been that during the last days of a meeting he has been con fronted with stands of empty seats. The public saw the; aviators fly onc*e and did* not care to see them again. .The Boston event was a success during its first week, but when the promoters extended the time, and with it their expenses, they suffered a loss. To the successful flying man who Is oat with a sickle under this smiling harvest moon the prizes offered at meetings are no longer enough of an at traction. Many prominent aviators, awake to their chances, will not take part without a guarantee, and a heavy one. They say that the inducement is not great enough, what with the risk of losing races and contests. They point to their expenses, the corps of skilled mechanicians they must carry around with them, the transportation and care of their machines. And they will very often turn their backs upon the "offered prizes in favor of a fair or an exhibition where their servics are certain to bring a large sum for the • single engagement. The fairs are the best* customers the flying men have in this time of quick business and rich returns. At a fair the cost of an aviator for a few days can be counted in definitely as part of the outlay and ; the managers may be sure of drawing greatly in creased attendances. .This fall several aviators have been getting. $10,000 or $15,000 for exhibitions about the country. It is predicted that for the next year or two, until the public is familiar with aeroplanes ; in -action or until 'the number of professionals ia greatly increased, the, rewards "will continue to be >-cry tempting. ;So it is that the man who compiles those übiquit ous little books for the waistcoat pocket containing statistics on everything under the sun and a lot be sides is -now -sitting with hi 3 pencil idly tucked be hind his ; ear so far as the subject of aviation is -con cerned. Worlds- champions in flying no longer suc ceed one another with the rapidity of clay rabbits ' on a shooting range. A record may go by the boards here and ; there. But the aviators are no longer far suing niarks with the fervor of former days. \Vnat touches them most nearly is the garnering of the sheaves against* the day when means will be needed to; resume active development. ; The San Francisco Sunday Call. Henry* Farfngo J. Armstrong -DrcxcL Alfred Lc Blanc. "Clifford B. Harmon.