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The San Francisco call. [volume] (San Francisco [Calif.]) 1895-1913, November 13, 1910, Image 21

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The San Francisco Sunday Call
Some Cold- Weather
Suggestions i
PREVENTION is better than cure,
so before the frosty weather be
gins have ail the pipes and the
outside cistern covered with straw or
old pieces of sacking, to keep them
from freezing. If .the frost is very se
vers it 13 better to leave the taps drip
ping ell n'eht, as running water is lesi
likely to freeze.
Good Fires
On a cold, frosty night every one likes
to ccc a blazing fire, but this generally
means heavy coal bills. A good plan is
to place a Quantity of chalk at the back
of each -grate, la equal proportion to
th« coals. This' throws out a terrific
heat and lasts quite a long time. It al-
ways pays in the end to buy good coal,
for not or.ly does It make a clearer fire,
but It leaves fewer ashes. A handful of
common salt thrown Into the fire occa
sionally makes a. cheerful blaz« and
lessens the consumption of tha coaL
A great deal of entertaining is done
fiorlng the frosty weather, and chills are
often caught going to and fro from par
ties and dances. It is very- daneerous to
iecve a heated room abruptly for the
eight air "svithout something to keen the
cold out. co make a point of see'.nz that
«ach guest Is supplied with a cud of hot
FOup or coffee before leavinjr. It means
very little extra trouble, yet guests ap
preciate this little attention.
Parents and Children
y EVER praise or blame your chil
j\j dren in the presence of stran-
JL^i gers; the tender susceptibilities
.of childhood are Injured by so doing.
Insist on strict obedience, but make the
flaty less irksome to the child by only
issuing the command when absolutely
Be firm but mild In your authority.
never punishing childish faults as
though they were great offenses. When,
however, there Is real cause for blama
do not pass It over; end, above all,
never relent whea one* you have for
bidden anything.
Children are not mere playthings,
therefore do not treat them as such.
C a the other hand, although our little
" folks claim all our attention, they must
not therefore conclude that they are the
masters v.-horn everybody else has to
obey. Their turn to rule will come in
due" time.
Your Umbrella
A BADLY roiled-up umbrella, be
eides looking unsightly, does not
wear half so long as It oucht to.
rhe process of rolling an umbrella up
teatly ig very simple.
The majority hold it by the handle
and keep twisting the stick with one
hand while with the other they twist
Mid roll th« silk. Instead of this, they
Ihould take hold of the umbrella Just
above the ribs of the cover. These
points, naturally, lie evenly with tha
etick. They should be kept hold of
md pressed tightly against the stick,
tnd then the cover Bhould.be rolled up.
Holding the ribs thus prevents them
Eton getting twisted out of place or
bending out of shape, and the silk is
bound to follow evenly and roll smooth
pind tight If an umbrella is rolled in
this same fashion until It Is old enough
to look rusty. It will look as if newly
For Your Hands
A COOKED potato Is excellent as a
means of cleaning and whitening
the hands. The potato should be
cat m half and rubbed over the backs
end fingers after they have been soaked
for a minute or two in warm water. Po
tato should be used in this manner in
•tead. of soap.
If the hands have become very much
tt&ined with ink, they should be rubbed
with lemon Juice. Should this fall to re
move the stains, a good plan Is that of
adding a little pearl ash to water and
dipping the hands in the solution, rub
bing them well with a piece of flannel
Until the marks have disappeared." Care
must be taken to avoid washing them
with soap for some time afterward or
the s"«ta will reappear.
A College Girl's Tea
HERE is the simple but delicious
menu served by a party of seven
girls In a New England college
recently, as a relief from the monoto
nous Sunday night supper. It was cooked
in a chafing dish, and might well be
used as an impromptu luncheon. r y£ :<
First came little pork sausages, cooked
until they fell 'to pieces for very tooth
someness. With these went jdried beef
and peanut butter, both served as
sandwiches, between two crackers, little
sweet pickles and pickled onions.
Then appeared largo apples, ecraped
out till only a thin shell remained,
filled with chopped apple and walnuts,
and covered with salad dressing.
Finally, chocolate, with two marsh
mallows dropped in each cup. and home
— or rather college— made cakes and
fudge completed the meal.
Some of these dishes are, of course,
out of eeason, buT substitutes are easily
found. For the sausage one might have
eggs baked or sfiirred, both of which
are easily prepared In a chafing dterh.
For the apples a good substitute Is to
matoes prepared in the same fashion,
chopped with green peppers, topped
with an olive and served in a lettuce
The cakes may b? the little oatmeal
cookies of oatmeal Hour, butter, sugar
and salt, which any Scotch person
knows how to make.
IT HAS been proved by experiment
that children who drink milk grow
and develop three times as fast as
those who habitually drink tea or coffee.
Tea and coffee stimulate the heart and
the secreting action- of the kidneye.
These effects cause them to be unsuit
able beverages for children.
Cocoa nibs contain about 8 per cent of
proteld (1. c. t flesh-making material) and
W per cent of fat. Cocoa from nibs is
therefore a food as well as a drink and
very nourishing for children.
Cocoa is an "energy-yielding" food.
Raw vegetables— cucumbers, lettuces,
radishes, etc.— are more indigestible than
those which are ccoked. \u25a0"', That is why
they should not be given to children.
Biscuits of any kind are not nearly so
nutritious as bread and butter. %
To Serve at Teas
ANEW delicacy to serve "at teas
instead of the inevitable sandwich
is a round cracker spread with
cottage cheese, as if It ; , were butter,
and with a maraschino cherry placed in
the middle. . It ; is easy to : make, and
delficlous. -
NOT really the newest, however, for
It Is a revival of a very old art,
practiced in Java most of all,
but in China and Japan also.
T<J put it simply, batik Is the process
of tracing designs in melted wax upon
textile fabrics, metal, wood, leather or
paper, and then dyeing, "staining or
otherwise coloring all other portions of
the work. When the coloring is fin
ished the wax is removed with ben
zine or by applying to it a heated iron
placed over' blotting paper or a soft
piece of cloth. The surfaces covered
with wax are impervious to stains, and
so the design will come out, white on a
colored background.
If this white effect is not \u25a0! pleasing to
you, you may, stain the work before
using the wax. then stain again, after
using, another shade or a deeper shade
of the same. Thus your work will be
in two colors. By - keeping up this
process indefinitely, you can get san
'eflect' in any number of colors, combined
with white -or not. as you prefer.
You must get hard wax to begin with.
To Glean Irons
WHEN irons begin to grow . rough
and smoky rub. them/ well Son
a board ; 'on which has been
sprinkled a little' fine salt. This will pre
vent'them;, from' sticking to .starched
articles, .and will;' make * them quite
smooth. ; It is a good i plan to rub each
iron on the .board before putting It
back to heat, so that no starch', will
remain to be burnt on. When "ironing
starched things, rub the ; flats , over with
>; cloth slightly> 'moistened with par
. affine before using. It makes them slip
over the surface like magic, v ; % >
Pictures on^amp Walls
nr^AKB asimany corksaa are required,
I cut them in :two 'and .pass a. : short
\u0084.'\u25a0" pin through each piecei so that the
point \u25a0 protrudes i at the? other \u25a0 end. - Fix
one piece on each of "the twolower back
corners; of your; picture;: frames. This
prevents theiplctures, when' hung, from
touching the walls and permits a current
or air. to pass uninterruDtedly>between.
carrying off all : damp and moisture that
would otherwise be : absorbed by the
pictures. \u25a0\u25a0:- -.--,.. . ; ' \u0084.-.
Melt It over an alcohol name and roll It
while soft Into a pencil. Allow it to
harden, and then, when using it for the
", design, you must melt the end a
moment, like sealing wax, and bear
down hard over 'the drawn "design, ire
peating, as soon as the wax grows too
hard to leave a trace on the pattern:
The coloring, of course, will vary with
your fabric. Wood you can stain with
pyrography stains; fabrics you can dye,
as with the scarf shown here. Paper
can simply be brushed with watercolor.
You now have a piece of" simple batik
work; but it Is quite possible' to add.'
greatly to the effect In other ways.
' Copper or braas can be eaten away by
means of an etching solution 'of . nitrlo
add, leaving the batiked design In bas
relief. Brass can also be hammered to
give the same effect. Wood and leather
can . be burnt In like manner. Stray
torches of deeper color can be given
later, Improving the general effect, es-^
peclally In euch rather monotonous color
combinations x as gray or light brown
and whlto.
Every batik piece has an Individuality
of its own, for the wax will not always
To the Girl Behind the Counter
THE problem of the salesgirl is. to
the spectator, one of never-fail
ing interest, mixed in with a
little bit of pity and some disgust To
the employer the salesgirl is a question
that will never be solved until Bhe learna
common sense and makes,, an effort to
get some intelligence into her head and
to look at things from the front of the
counter instead of from behind It. To
the salesgirl her lot is the hardest on
the map— positively nothing could be
worse— yet it never enters her head that
In all probability she herself is the
stumbling block to her happiness and
You know there are many people in
this world, and you meet them every
day, who are forever going around with
a chip on their shoulder and an injured
air, who never seem to be treated fairly,
whoHe i services are always underrated—
when, nine times out of ten, they are
not worth half the sum paid them. Well,
they are the kind that make it hard for
the rest of the working world. The only
thing to do with such people is to ignore
them, for to try to remedy their fault Is
likely to be a waste of time.
Life is too short, and this is a day
when It is "every man for himself"; so
with all the kindest' consideration to
others, with due respect to your su
periors, keep going ahead until you
Teach the top. This does not mean to
say that you must resort to unfair
means, despicable tricks and dishonest
ways in which to earn your promotions.
It /means keeping .your eyes and ears
open, your brain clear and your tongue
still, except when necessary.
-It means keeping your personal ap
pearance Just as neat as your financial
ends will permit you. Dress your hair
In a pretty style, one that is becoming
to you alone, and not in any exaggerated
up-to-date fashion that looks out of
place at your work. Pay particular at
tention to your clothes, to the manner
In which they are put on, to your belts,
your collars and your. shoes. Keep your
hands in immaculate condition, for they,
In all probability, come Into more promi
nence than any other part of your body,
your face excepted. If your hands are
Inclined . to be rather large and- rugged, :
wear a little lace frill at the cuff of your
sleeve; you have no idea how it will
soften the looks of the hand. When
black is worn during the late fall, winter
and early spring, the white mull ' collars
and cuffs are very pretty. Wear, as little
Jewelry as possible, .'a' good brooch and a
watch chaini being sufficient.: -
But^ the main thing that'has much to
do with your advancement is your own
self, your, own personality, the Interest
you put into the selling 'of your goods.
'Do not sep things just: for the sake' of
. making a "sale. Study your customers—
I for human nature Is pretty, much alike—
until you get so that if they- show an
uncertainty ; as to what they want (and
many do), you can almost read their
rnlnds arid hit on Just what they, desjre.
When a woman finds a girl who/always
seems to know what she wants, take my
"'word for it, she will stick to herilike a
leech; send her; friends to; her and stand
by her always. But it is to get' that
confidence that 'you must work. ; "
While waiting^ontacustomer let your
manner be Just as pleasant and deferen
tial. Just as -interesting and painstaking
as though amember of the firm. were at
your side taking mental \ note of : your
work. Show your • customers other little
things which ' might possibly be of 'in
terest to them; and If. they do not buy at
the ' moment the ( chances are that they
will at some future date, and cometo
, you:' Let* them ~ think the store- ls-v'at :
their "service without allowing ypur. at
tention to become familiar;' and' who
knows but what, in course of time, you
>\u25a0 may have a pet list of customers of
your own, who will seek you; out when
ever they/come ; to .your counter? -"'.
Another; point to bear in mind is a full
andcomplete knowledge of /your stock.
There Is. nothing. sofanrioying to ;acus7
torrter as to ba compelled' to^ stand and
wait while a salesgirl travels the length
of the cotmter, finding: out':|f. > »uch ; and
'Guch athing is carried there.' Of, course,"
there are times when such' an occurrence
cannot be~ helped, :5: 5 possibly Lwith .'some \u25a0
: article that is sold but ; iwlce "a ; year, or
some Very new goods; but with all that, ;
keep . your.' *vm open. •* Remember cus
follow exactly the line laid down for It;
and thus a variety Is given to even two
pieces of the same pattern. * Designs
may either be' traced from other
articles— thus making whole' sets pos
tomers take your, word on more cases
than one, and giving haphazard infor
mation will very often cause the store
to lose good trade.
Let your answers be bright and cheer
ful, even if your feet ache and your
back is^ ready to split. Keep the "fact
before you that if you, as a business
girl, wish to be taken seriously, you
are to have no aches and pains. Noth
ing so annoys an employer as to have a
girl who As always sick, continually In
the" sick room or asking permleslon to
go home at noon. If you have a chronic
complaint, It is advisable to put your-
JUST, a small" glass candlestick that
can be purchased \u25a0 for the. price of.
10 cents - will do for the \ burden
of this song. :Of course, you can j spend
'more, but: the glass form la to-be 'the
support of a charming: pincushion
which you can make at home,, and
which, if you are a wise woman, you
will; make with an eye 'to the possi
bility/of holiday/gifts.
, The size of the glass -standard can
bo- from three to four inches in
'height. When planning the fop do
not forget that a little experimental
' tion in the first - steps will repay you.
Try two or three sizes of square paper
; so \u25a0 ; that' any", topheavy appearance . can
be" avoided. Cut .from cardboard a
square "the proper size. Upon this
place /cotton \u25a0'- batting, : allowing a . gen
• erous '-'quantity,-: for 'you are to make
;a pincushion * that' will > stand the test'
of >time, ; : madame, and- the solid; well
fllled kind is the ; successful one. '
'.Cover '.the : cotton' with a square of
sUk. The Dresden silk is : eff ective, v
although a idea of the "fur
nishings of the boudoir- should be the
guiding, star. . _ I*'1 *' t \u0084
Paste the silk on the under side:of
the cardboard.. -Allow for any addi
tional .padding-, and be sure to push
the cotton far into : the corners of the
cushion. 1 iVse -; the \ points f of . a pair of
scissors \u25a0 to : do this, and give an \ extra
amount of cotton ; along the edges. ;- , -
•ible—or may be original and drawn
directly upon .the medium To be used.
The work Is novel. It is already popu
lar In England, .but is not yet so well
known "here. It is pretty, and it will
self under a physician's care, not only
for your own personal benefit, but for
your financial good in the end. Of course,
if it is a question or social affairs
water and oil will not mix. you know,
and it would be best by all means to
moderate your social activities if you
find that they interfere with your work
the next dcy.
In looking into all these things you
will not only add to your own good
points, but to those of the stor* In
which you are employed; and there Is
no doubt that services of thi3 kind are
not only, recognized, but rewarded.
For pasting, silk .on cardboard the fol
lowing recipe -is invaluable:
.To 1 cup of whole wheat flour and l cup
o£ cold < water add . 2 cups of boiling water
and boil for five minutes. Then adj .1 tea
spoonful -° of. powdered alum that , has been
. dissolved In a little water. Strain the whole
, through cheesecloth.
A^ fringe *of beads or of colored silk
give Van excellent finish. This can be
sewed !on - the edges. After this has
been done, glue the silken 'pad on the top
of the tglasa candlestick. -It is a mat
ter of -a f half ..hour at the most. To
complete; the pretty; gift you can add*
pins of the- many colors that are neces
sary/ nowadaj-3. * Follow the design of
the \u25a0 silk, ' putting ? the \u25a0 colored * head 3on
the petals, of .the flowers -and filling the
leaves l with :\u25a0 green ' or black pins. An-
make a lucrative and pleasant occupa
tion for tha home-dweller or the shut-la
who wishes to earn her own pin money.
And. besides. Christmas Is coming!
Think of your batik work. thea.
' For the Housewife
SAVE all th© ends of candles, put
them in a Jar. set the Jar in warm
water, and melt on the stove. Mix
the wax with enough turpentine to
make a soft paste, and you have an
excellent polish for linoleum, etc
which will hardly cost anything.
Many people prefer this polish, to
beeswax and turpentine.
Lemons may be kept a lons time,
even months, under glass. If you are
not going to use them Immediately
lay them on a flat surface and invert
a goblet over each one. After » six
months' Imprisonment In this way
they will be found to be as fresh as
When boiling a suet pudding, an old
plate put in tne bottom of the sauce
pan prevents tho pudding- from stick
other very effective disposition of the
colored pins on a plain silk- background
is In the form of a butterfly, or la a
monogTam of the redolent.
You have no Idea bf the effectiveness
of this candlestick cushion.
It is very appropriate for a dressing
table on which boudoir candelabra havo
been placed. The stem gives It a charm,
and the unusual shape adds to the at
tractiveness df the homemade gift.
"It is " practical to make several while
planning for one. for economy lies in a
lack of waste in th!s Instance. From
a remnant of silk and a length of fringe,
why not make three or four of these
gifts? For plnaare just as fashionable
as ever, and cushions are much In
demand, \u25a0, : •

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