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Junior Section The San Francisco Call.
ISSUED HVIERY. SUNDAY FOR THE BOYS AND GIRLS OF SAN FRANCISCO AND CALIFC RNIA ALONZO HE LEARNS TO DESTRUST TURKEYS The Pearl, Birthstone; for No vember pearls Te November gems and > Bignify melancholy, so ; that "•'• persona born in - this" month are not always so eager to" proclaim r, it as their natal " , stone, -aLthough few ;women are so su . perstitlous /as \u25a0\u25a0 to '\u25a0\u25a0 ret 'use this most a be . coming 'of gbmsi. ' -Gifts of the kindred . substanco,;.riacre, : the mother of j pearl, are : also "appropriate for the . November \u25a0; born. '".\u25a0:•.;>•'.\u25a0•\u25a0;/-\u25a0:;:.,\u25a0-\u25a0\u25a0.-\u25a0 ..\u25a0;.<; '.%';*>•*>'".;.' /.-•'•\u25a0; ' If sot with other gems, diamonds only should be;, used, and ; . these in Ja; sub ordinate -manner. Colored, vgems and pearls do not harmonize so'well, though "common enough, in the east. \u25a0•\u25a0» \u25a0\u25a0!': I'Pew, especially women,'; ln whom the privilege of personal' adornment" Is ; an , inherent - right,Vcan .resist the i appeals . of gems, and pearls are general' favor-? ites..; Even women: possessed' of ;mag- nificent dog collars of gems and other ! articles of Jewelry seldom dispense with p the single strand of pearls. It relieves the severity of the dog collar with its soft luster and is "often worn as a sub stitute for the dog coUar as well. : ".* No s jewels vary, more" in lvalue than .pearls,- their cost depending* on their H form and tint. : - Strings that are not carefully, matched in color and gradu ated in size are not regarded as val- I . ; uable. - : , \u25a0 ; ', ••. .. -,; •? \u25a0\u25a0 \u25a0- \u25a0>';.-; \u25a0 '-'[ ; One of the costliest pearl necklaces In the world consisted of /38 pearls, , the , largest ; about the, size of a" small marble. Tho .stones \u25a0', had no .historic value," but tho merit of the^ecklace lies in .the perfect matching of.'' tho pearls, their color,, and ' luster.' ;s.; s . One of the. largest pearls js valued at |40,000. ' --The princess of" Pless has; a rope of pearls, over seven yards long and worth -.'\u25a0 ;i a well "nigh fabulous.' sum. .' She fes- , toons it fantastically. about her k person,;/ winds it about her- head , In a costly «\u25a0 •coiffure, or wears it as a dog collar and • corsage ornament as well. . . .A^membcr of the Rothschild' family collected rare pearls years,*; and these were .finally united in a wonderful \u25a0 collar, which contained 7 two black' . pearls of size and. purity unsurpassed.',/ , One. of the family, treasures of theqt: j duchess \u25a0" of *, Genoa once' upon a time . consisted of not less than nine rows of diamonds, ; each row ' alternating with one of pearls of marvelous beauty, end ing In,' two rubles ;of enormous siza. . containing the clasps. The English crown, it Jls said, con tains five large black. pearls. A cen tury/or more ago, tliree.pf these; black pearls, were stolen and, despite the ut most efforts, of the English.' govern- ' ment, the stolen treasures could not be , discovered for some time. Finally one .black pearl was traced to ' Brussels, where the duchess of Richmond wore 24 it In a bracelet. The second was found In the necklace of a Russian princess, and the third In the hands of the valet of a Hungarian noble,, who had given it to his trusty servant on his death. The most perfect pearl in existence Is said to be one known as "La Pelle grlna" in the museum of Zoslma of ' Moscow. It is a perfectly globular In dlan pearl of singular beauty, weigh ing 28 carats. The largest known pearl Is one* of irregular shape in Deresford Hope's collection at the Bouth Kensington museum. This jnag- SAN FRANCISCO, NOVEiMBER 27," 1910. nificent pearl weighs three ounces, has .; a 'circumference of 4% inches and is \u25a0isurmouhtedtby an enameled and ' Jew \u25a0 eled; gold crown, forming a pendant of great value. • \ » • jThe pearl, which is said to dower. Its wearer /-with clear' eyesight, is a "cal ! careous concretion of , peculiar luster, produced ..'..,\u25a0 by certain mollusks, \u25a0 and valued as objects o( personal ornament. Its wonderful nacreous luster is known. jas. its: "orient" and this is due to the rays of light on the soft .undulations of the surface, and is of the greatest importance in deter- 1 mining, the value of the pearl. . ?'\u25a0\u25a0 Pearls are found in" every shape, the perfectly ., round and the drop' shaped being the most valuable., The finest specimens are always found within the . mantles .or. soft, tissues ,of the mollusk and unattached to the shell. Baroque pearls'^are the irregular shaped pearls and, one.*of the finest collections of je,wels "formed of "baroques" are In the green vaults of Dresden. \u25a0 .Pearls! are of. every hue, the abso lutely white or slightly yellow being by far the most valuable, though fine black peurls command fabulous prices, «: f . A "specimen" pearl should be' either perfectly round or drop Bhaped, of a brilliant "orient," slightly transparent and; of course, free front' flecks and flaws. •tv.*., > .' •India, particularly Ceylon, the Per sian gulf, whence come "Bombay pearls," Australia, America and New lluinea are the principal districts where tho pearl oysters ar« found.—Provi dence Journal. How Arnold Saved His Flag GGOROINA LOUISA SCIILUISTHK, Arc 14 Venn* Tho races were about to begin. Crowds and crowds of people were at tho grandstand, \ seated everywhere, '. j stretching ; their necks to be the first to hear the gong sound and the horses start off. v i , Arnold Dickson, *a young American boy, was one of the excited spectators who, stood near tho_> heavy ropo drawn to w kecp tho peoplo 'from standing too near' the tracks. He had traveled far to be.^ablo to witness tho races, for the horses of different nations |were : going \u25a0 to" compete, and Arnold was anxious that America,' his country, should win. Hark! Tho gong had sounded, and away dashed tho con testants, leaving a crowd of dust ; be-, hind thorn; Tho flags of the different nations hang from the horses' necks • and, flying in the breeze, made a pretty Sfght. \u25a0\u25a0;' ' : • ;.>; r." gj \u25a0 sy')S :. The spectators „ cheered as each i saw V his' favorite horse, but Arnold was not interested l ' in ' the' animals. 1 Ho was gazing at.the flags. "Oh,* there , is the English flag!" he would cry,' and then, "Oh, see the German and* tho French flags!" -But • again Vand again :he re-. - peated to himself, ."'Where is my flag?" " Nowhere' was it to be seen. As if in answer to* him, a horse dashed by, and flying from -his neck, was the flag of tho United States. Every one cheered and Arnold with glee at the Sight Of his; flag.': \u25a0-\u25a0\u25a0;< . ' .- '. ,But whafwasthls Arnold saw? The flag, which : one; moment b»fore . had hung from the horse's neck, had .be come , loosened and- was fluttering to. the' ground. Arnold looked for a mo ment at the fallen flag with wide open" _..._ «... . . oyoß. A sudden thought struck him. Tho American flag, his flag. - was in clangor of boing trampled on. A moment ho stood considering. Then with a cry he darted under the ropos and was out upon tho track. A shout aroHo, but was stlllod the n«xt inatnnt ns Arnold quickly grasped thd bridle of the horao undor whose heel.s the flag was being mutilated. With tho courage of an American, Arnold stoopod and. picking, up the flag, wuved it high above his hoad.' The race\was stopped and shouts and applause came from the onlookers for the daring boy who had risked his life to savo his 'flag. Men rushed under the ropes and, picking Arnold up, they set him on their shoulders, amid tho cheers of the people. One man "purchased a \u25a0 flag large and beautiful. With a quick movement, he threw it around Arnold, while, tho throng applauded. It was, a pretty sight to see, and although" Arnold lived to be an old- man, ho^never forgot to bo loyal and faithful to his beloved flag, old glory. * i Snakes Arc Fond of Music - Science has' recently been studying 1 the question as to whether or; not snakes have really any. appreciation of music. Thisapplies particularly to the cobra, which responds to the piping of a gourd instrument played by the East Indian fakir with a'rhythmlc movement suggesting a dance,, The conclusion seems to be that it answers to the mu sical notes much In the same way as a dog' does— that is to say,' through, a species of nervous, sympathy. When the whistles blow at noon in. the Bronx zoo the wolves set up a great'howling In concert. Whether.or. not' they enjoy ...this sort of 'music is disputed— though probably "they do,' for some "dogs un doubtedly take ;pleasure ;in. harmonious strains and, will. run a block to sit up in front of a hand orgah'and. "sing," while "bther dogs unquestionably suffer from certain kinds of music and express thelr^ pain in lugubrious howls., ;: - As for the East Indian' fakir, for some -unknown reason he .always, car . ries about with him a curious rag doll in a cylindrical box," talking to it as If 'itrwere alive in 'the intervals of snake farming and the performance of jug gling tricks.— New York Worlds ' "Van" and "Yon" It is a common mistake of Americans to think -that tho predicate "van" be-; fore a Dutch name signifies; nobility." •In>the v low countries— that is,: in the; kingdoms of the v Netherlands and Bel gium- — "van" has no mean-" ing. t Names with ''van" are to be read . on: shops, as well as on the doors of the. most aristocratic mansions. The humblest persons. have it," as' we as the most, refined. ' On *\u25a0 the ; ; other hand, a great number of the very oldest fami lies are without it. •'.- .. * In Germany "yon" means noble, and all persons belonging to the nobility , have "yon" before their family names, without any, exception. Persons who do f not belong to the nobility can not put Vvon'' before-their.' names, as they have' nY right to'do so, and would be found -out directly if they assumed: it, and ' make\ themselves Ridiculous; But, In case of , a, man being knighted for some reason or other, he has the right .to A put "yon" before his family /name. For instance, when .Alexander -•; Hum bold t- .was knighted .he/became - :Alex ;ander^von Humblbdt, and all his>de scendants, male arid female, take " the