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nee I oweimi t>and
Which Owned Long Island Before T r Coiiimbus 1 ouched Gur Shores, Pro nounced Legally Ex tinct by the Supreme Court— Only Two Now Alive. Uf« -jHE Montauk tribe cf Indiana la officially.; end legally dead. It Is so writ In' the ; records, tad the wavea belting tjalnsf Iht Jjor.g Island shore moan it sas "a" ' requiem. Before Columbus or Cabot sef, . tsil for th« hemisphere sonriewihere^far away to the Unknown west the ancient Montauks, Indiana alike ; cf toad cad eea, were wont to greet the sun as.lt;!' roa4 with emiling race from out the deep or. tosi their weath.er-tas.ned heads when the waves welled £a stormy tumult. Now. from the . deck of the passing liner one may \u25a0 picture the bent figure that . oace typ'fied de grandeur of a race that was.' •* I/ong Island, . In the days before the coming: iof ' the Dutch, was called Island of Shells. It was the ' aboriginal treasure-house, • the home of - that which • «pelled wealth. Wampum grew thereon as the gold c«-ca In the rocks. Wampum was Indian money. It waa made from the stock or stem of the peri- %-inkle. P&Que was a medium of exchange, of. lesser value. It was cut from the purple heart of th* fcard clam jshelL Some bronze-face financier ." the flat that the sandbanks were, to be .tha, tribal depositories, and from that time on, for ren eration after generation. Montauk was at once the Bours* and the Well street of Indian • operations. The fame of the tribal opulence was wafted on" the ; vlrds to the lands of the Mohicans, the Pequots end the Najragansetts, Vhexeat there was much •wonder. "When a Boft-eyed maiden gave her heart to * leaa-shanked buck the old 1 olka would empty * Into their honeymocn canoe several feet of se- Iscied vrampum and send them on their happy, way full of the Rockefeller tplrlu Wealth carried with It responsibilities In «tho«» . old days as it does to-day. Sachem Wyan- Cance was the great auditor of hla tribe. His - O. K. was necessary on all transactions from a dicker for a cajioe-load of bluefish to an Instal ment purchase o! a bung-alow site on a shoal Inlet. He was called In the Montauk fiTalect a to-to-cnua, \u25a0which in niofiern phrase is a tightwad. One day, when Long Island Sound lay warm. and placi'l, two-s'jere or more of Pequota, who. lived ' on the Connecticut chore, bundled. into their canoes ard paddled over to the headlands . of llontaiik. ,~ They sent word to the Island sachem, to come out with some of his strong-armed boys and «. walloping. On receipt of this challenge there. was some pooh-poohing. The Montauks sent the millionaire (wampum) cc-mpany to meet the hated end poverty stricken Peguots. It was a sad affair. : The MontauJis were trimmed. That night when the Pequots pointed their barks for Connecticut, they carried with them a portion of their "neigh bors' bankroll.'* •-^ It dlda't take lons for the news: to get; around^ that the. Montauks had all of sunny side' of Easy street In the way of ready cash. A consld- erable ' tribß of ambitious and hopeful Indians^. known as the Narragansetts. occupied among other J places. '.what Is now fashionable Xetvport" They bathed; at such times as It seemed absolutely,, nec essary, on what Is now called Bailey's Beach. It • is sald,- ; .too. i that they j had. a clubhouse | somewhere v •near the presentslte of the Casino: Well, the Xar • ragansetts having- heard"/ that *.it ;was >llke taking .a \u25a0} . -lemon; stick fr.oma 'chlld~at-a kiadergarten-door.UP: • \u25a0make; the | Montauks .; part .with: their, money,, sent part of the naval v reserve : of the time to make a " ..demonstration on the l3lajid;. /\u25a0\u25a0\u25a0.' "'•.\u25a0"•\u25a0 '. . ' '-,';' ,I:' This; time \thel Montauks weren't bo easy. •\u25a0They; . .met the -Narraga'nsetts 'on > the': beach f and- fought ; thein : 'untllTdark. .'Just' -.ho'w/ many. fell\pn . that oc- . ,casion [Vrtil never^be/ known,'- forV the tide carried^ '. the" bodies * of \u25a0: the ; slain^ out' to" - sea \u25a0 and they never -„ 'came i back • to 'be '-, counted. , SOme time thereafter,', or '\u25a0; about v 1641, : an " : understandlns was.. 'arrived' 'at ;by.. • which vthe! Montauks' and^the^Narragansetts'cot ;; - along' •without further .fighting. . , \u25a0 • \u25a0-':". V ' , • :> ..'•". The, citadel' of Montauk .authority stood -at -.what V Is ; known;; as. Fort :; Hill, vlt" was ; set s lwith- stone,; towers at" each • of". lts *f our corners and "; was.'' a ;•: • fortress which!- never once : ,was' taKen ; by en}VnemyJ : ; Bachem Wyandance himself ;• lived ; ln : regal ''Bemi- \u25a0 savagery In a wig wain • half as > large as . b side-show - : tent at a ""circus,"' a" short ': from "'thej clta'del. v Wyandance '\u25a0 was '"one of •. our f .'earliest 1 Beau \u25a0 Brum- >. dels. ".. He enjoyed fmeetlng4peapl3.:;The Dutch; had . "r begun -to dicker J with 1 the "Indians by this •time, rand ' -the "sachem "•' never^^ missed^'^n .opportunity r ." to get down to -New Amsterdam* to : talk things "over ;wlth Zi . the Governor and *Cowc^V!He'/.wwe»pn^th^ose^vble^ '\u25a0• casions -va' deerskin ;tunlc.^le€sings . and.;"moccasins;.- • \ of buckskin and' a-head-dreßs ; decorated with ?f eath- '; • \u25a0 ers from - sea , birds." . Also,"! lie'entwined ; himself 'with ':. ..,! belts J which j hV : ' Invariably:, kept; filled" with o^wam-;^ >:•] pum. : : Not : : infrequently r he.; 'carried -Vas ;. much %as '\u25a0 '":) $10,000 .with him- in his : liind ; of money. .' On the Dutch ' scales^ it.; was- worth abbut'»Bo. ? cents.> \u25a0 "\u25a0 -\ V ' \u25a0 , «.«-u On \u25a0' one ;'of -'-these' (visits'^ to /'Neiw;' .Amsterdam" tthV.Nj ;v.; v . chief lot ; .the y Mbn'tauka !'! ' met* j with / Tamara'ud, ?! or • \u25a0 Tammany, , : . then \B abbem jj o f ,- the" Alson'qulns; ; *: Tarn- \u25a0• C ' "_manyT v s tuck; around > "the^ Montauk V chief % all?; the'^ ;time*;he^.was/.ln-' town; ' The Q story /.of ithe'i'Mon-^ \u25a0 ~ '. tauk's -.treasure-behest^appealed vto 'Tammany. ' ; -r^ln-}i : ~ -deed/; -It ,*fnay^ .have \ .been-j sometMng^ more'; than' ; g6s--i -* - «Ip • that .Tammany \ wan ted ; to '; marry'- into . th e?Mofl-;! . f' taukTtribe^, \u25a0 . ';; i._ •' " ;\u25a0;•\u25a0 ;. : ( : '. ; ;.; . . . , : ".,[— \u25a0:;:.- : - V,. 1 ;^ t : !!^ h ,* a^ a A : !- th . e iMontauka Jof . figratinV.age.-., • were : summoned' to; council, \u25a0 their; number exceeded V'* - ;>lx." Kundfed;^iWaxfareT'and.'slckriess'^made'ieuch'v . • ;gTea*J;,lnroajla_ : ' during-; th«'*n%if'; three ]?, generations'.-; - : that, ... Instead 5 of ; . Increasing : ( In •' number, " they/- 1 had •- \u25a0"• '. beconieaeMrthan- t two}:hundred^ln^l769.;/Aii I;iS29;a-;1 ;iS29;a-; roll; call iwas/answered^byj only; thirty^'and^ -jforty.iyearspther*aiterj r t£ere^were|6nly^t - \u25a0 '•- : \' 2 .1: T^*i i»*'t .real • council '' of j the ."tribe ".was* convened. LAST OF THE MONTAUKS FAMOUS THIBE OF THE SEA |i»ltJ^^pa^'yentles: Chief David '.i'haraoh' wen: . • t'oi^^|£peou"ncll arrayed: in all the .""ancient 'V'pliiniery .---' of jthe Montauks,'; \u25a0' and his f followers theVr places' in', a; Eemi-circle around .him.'..- Ke "passftd . .the'; pipe "from: one ., to another in. silence, -ajjd -then '" • addressed them -as the father of the; tribe. Could . , it -be, -he.-a^ked, \u25a0 that^he. tribe, .which "-hadJlivetl'Tfor }:\u25a0 centuries- In .', happiness ; -oh Long; Island, was. -to.- '^extinction? '.What -had "the '.tribesman -' :to''sa>.?: Nothing. It Vas ; late afternoon'., 'T,ho' chief X \u25a0^wed!his'head\and:with. the. others in- silence. ' . B>Uafad Jay the- sun". went do wn. v Then the chief arose, '. I \u25a0'fblde'd.hls cloak- about- him, ' made' a signl'that the ' F : '*i'.^? (V *,^ \u25a0 - ' - : \u25a0 ** * \u25a0 \u25a0\u25a0\u25a0<\u25a0*-.-. j --'. : " - \u25a0 *- \u25a0-'-\u25a0 .* *. , \u25a0 .\u25a0 "* *-,**' i* *\u25a0 f \u25a0 * " k \u25a0 ftncl only blend or \u25a0 imported \u25a0 £ind doxricstic tobicco^™^cvcr * - * had ,d,one •tts > .worfe £ -a2XpaS»ed-2witi|^mea» %Si«i^rt^. i> stirid& r tnto^tfi&' shadows. The others . folio tVe'cL ' lS^ >^lr^a* i century more or less" tha Montauk In ,'JdiaA landi have been in litigation. Deeds bearing ;- date pf 1550 "were shown in court during the several -- hearings. .What the tribe might have succeeded' • In'.'accomplLshins, had it been able to count its \u25a0/• people on 1 the fingers of two hands, and prove that •tfiey* s£ili ' lived . together under tribal conditions, need 'not lead to. speculation here. A living tribe held. many broad and valuable acres by ancient! •deeds. Tha 'tribe had ceased to exist, and the . property was lost to them.