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"The Lure of the Lore of the Oriental
I in The Sunday Call next Sunday , VOLUME CIX.— NO. 5. MRS. EDDY FOUNDER OF CHRISTIAN SCIENCE, PASSES AWAY MEYER FAVORS BUILDING NAVAL STATION IN BAY Secretary Criticises Conditions at Mare Island and Urges Better Facilities Here New Orleans and Cavite Yards Among Those That Should Be Closed More Rapid Promotion and Higher Grades Than Rear Admiral Recommended WASHINGTON. Dec. 4— The results of a careful personal investigation by Secretary George yon L. Meyer of many of the navy yards and naval stations are ap parent in certain sweeping recom mendations for the abolition of sev eral of these and the development of others, ss set out in the secretary's srrnual report, just made public. Secretary Meyer recommends giv ir.z up and disposing: of the naval sta tions at New Orleans. Pensacola, San Jean, Port Royal, New London. Sack ett's Harbor. Culebra and Cavite. He finds that the average yearly cost of maintaining these stations for the last five years has been $1,672,675. while very little useful work has been per formed therein. On the Pacific coast Meyer finds the Bremerton yard at a disadvantage through its lack of railroad communi cation and its distance from any large supply of labor. ' But its further development Is re ?*ar<sed as a necessity In view of the fact that the fleet at some time after the openfner of the Panama car.al" may be based in the, Pacific ocean. Mare Island Criticised The Mare Isiand navy yard Is se verely criticised, for its inaccessibility, tooth on account of its j^reat distance ynm San Francisco and the shallow r.ess of the channel. The muddy water y of the San Pablo bay Is also said to \u25a0work havoc with the condensers of the warship*. No battleship injured in action could be tak*»n to Mare Island. even for temporary repairs, nor could the yard be reached by a number of the heavy battleships or heavy cruisers even when uninjured. But as $14,000, 000 already has been Fpent on this yard, Meyer fefelierei that In order to avoid a total loss it would be wise to utilize it for such vessels as can reach it and I also for such manufacturing and re pair work for the larprer \-essels as can readily be sent to the navy yard and returned to the vessels lying In San Francisco bay. Bay Station Needed Looking to the future., Meyer says: After a study of this question and a personal inspection of Mare Island and the available sites on Fan Francisco bay. I conclude that It "will be necessary to establish a docking and repair station for battleships on San Franclscc bay In some locality yet to be selected. I have examined several locations, •vrhich are now being considered. Such a repair station should in clude one or more docks of the larger size, with ample depth of water for taking our largest exist ing a.t-6 contemplated battleships, V and such additional repair facill & les as may be necessary for the repair cf~ the damaged hulls of battleships. The docks would al ways be used for taking the larg est vessels of, the navy and the facilities for repair should be lim ited to what is absolutely neces sary for the repair of a damaged battleship. This matter will be taken vp and further recommenda tion made when the best course Is decided on. Unless the deep water battle- BhJp repair station is established at San Francisco the fleet must inevitably depend upon the Puget sound navy yard for it« docking and repair. While this fact seems beyond question, it must be pointed cut that it will not do to depend upon one navy yard alone for dock ing and repair facilities for., the Cuba the Best Base Meyer discusses the strong points * and Elforteomlngß of the various yards -at length and incidentally he points out that the United States has twice as many navy yards as Great Britain, with a rsavy at least double the size of our*. Touching- the Xew Orleans yard, it is sa!d that its position 100 miles up the Mlsslsslpi river is such that In time, of war no large vessels should be sent there on account of the danger of the passes heing: blocked. The Pensacola navy yard Is condemned as impossible of fortification and . as rtrategically unnecessary. The secretary believes that the gulf gnu South Atlantic coasts can best be deij^r-Jed by an effective naval station at ' • \u000anamo, Cuba, where the tmUaae* oa P*«e *» Celmma 4 The San Francisco Call. STAMFORD: A SICK UNIVERSITY - 4 Hostility That Began Three Years Ago With Parade of Protest .Grows In Bitterness and Is Still a Factor W. RUSSELL COLE STANFORD UNIVERSITY, Dec. 4.— After three years the bitterness and enmity between the student body and the student affairs committee -of the faculty still remain— the hos tility that began three years ago, at the time of the memorable pa rade of protest against Professor A. B. Clark and his 'committee, i is still an active factor in the Stanford problem. i The student body came out of its first brush with the Clark! committee damaged in spirit, feeling that injustice prevailed, know ing from bitter experience that Clark intended, to. wield- his author ity with an iron hand, its eyes fully open to the fact that President Jordan was holding himself aloof from interference and might not even be appealed to in the name of fairness. : * In the trouble that 'occurred at the time the Clark committee was appointed, the student body stood by principles and honest con victions. The culmination of the struggle came out of the sus pension by the committee of 12 prominent students who had par ticipated in the parade of protest. One of the most severe penal ties iii the hands of the student affairs committee had been visited on these 12. men for a comparatively trivial offense, or what, at most, was only an ill "advised method of expressing a perfectly honest sen timent. The real cause of, the suspension was that these 12 men had dared to voice their views — had dared to criticise an action of the committee. There followed the punishment of nearly 150 others because they, too, had criticised. FREEDOM OF SPEECH TABOOED This same ban on freedom of speech and on any criticism that I might reflect upon the student affairs committee, its members or its policies, has never been raised. It remains today in even more effective form than when it was originally introduced. The method of the Clark regime has been to stifle criti cism of a public nature by holding over the heads' of student editors and newspaper correspondents the fear of suspension or expulsion from the tmiversity. It was but a little over a month ago that the editor of the Daily Palo Alto, the official student organ, said in one of his editorials: It has become a well known fact that the editors of the local , publications cannot, with even a limited degree of freedom, ex press either their opinion* or the sentiments' of the student body npon certain subjects. Such topics are absolutely censored, and any reference to' them in a manner which voices the sincere; attitude of the students, bat which does nofc^ineet with /faculty*^ , -. -f;;, : approTal, places the editor Tvjthin the pale- of 4he authority of v th.e ' student affairs committee. Under such conditions a free discus sion of subjects affecting the relations of the faculty and students is impossible. In other -words, freedom of speech is tabooed. Time and again, the most severe punishment has been visited upon students who have had the temerity to set forth their personal convictions. The quotation, "A generous education is the birthright of every man and woman id America," appears upon every official Stanford publication. Yet, by means of suspension and cancellation of scholarship credits already won, Uie student affairs com mittee of Stanford university has denied just this education to many young men who have chosen Stanford as their university in the belief that an honest expression of an honest opinion is a birthright. COLLEGE EDITORS ARE COE RCED It is accepted as a matter of course, at Stanford that editors of the college publications take their fate into their hands when they acccept their positions, unless they are of the spineless variety that will agree to censorship and dictation of policy from the student affairs committee. Not many weeks agoj Professor Clark sent to one of • the student publications a communication In defense of an action of his committee which had been adversely criticised, and with this communication went the ultimatum that the editor of the publication must ','accept the consequences" If he dared to reply to it. , The list of Stanford student editors who have been "fired" from i the university or deposed is a long one. It is a notable one, too, for most of those editors who dared stand up for what they believed to be right in college have since "made good" outside. They have been denied the completion of a college course, but they have stood for principle. Correspondents of the San Francisco newspapers have also been put under the ban of censorship, under penalty of dismissal for reporting matters concerning which the student affairs committee disapproves, ( or which might reflect upon the management of the institution. Recently this policy. has been carried to the extent of the dismissal of a correspondent for matter which he, himself did not write, but which' appeared under a Stanford date line in the San Frali- METMODS OF REFORM SCHO OL PREVAIL The personnel of the Clark committee has changed completely several times within the last three years, but Clark has remained constantly at its head. The methods and policies of the Elmira reform school prevail. Clark is the man to whom the entire power of student control; and discipline nominally vested In President Jordan, has been transferred. His word is the .final law In all matters of discipline. His methods are not to be questioned; his rules are to be obeyed; his decisions are to be accepted without appeal. President Jordan has refused time and again to interfere. His time and attention are given to other things than a personal supervision of the actual internal management of the university and the relations of Its students to its faculty. The broad minded men of the faculty dare not openly oppose or criticise the present methods for fear of the penalty. The management is in the hands of a few men, close to Jordan, and the others have nothing to say. It is not only in matters affecting general principles of student govern ment, but in the details of the every day life upon the campus that the Clark committee has come to exercise an absolute . control. No student Is ever quite sure of his ground. Any act, however innocently conceived or executed at the time, may later be brought before this committee for review,, and sometimes with dire results. . METHODS DEEPEN ANTAGONISM The committee's methods of "Investigation" have served to deepen the unhealthy spirit of antagonism which prevails. Students generally charge that the Clark committee gains its Information through the channels of a well established system of spies. Certainly it has often, been a mystery how information in detailed particulars has promptly reached the committee regarding certain affairs, and how names have been secured In other, cases; It Is not to^be denied that reports concerning student activities are received by the committee from a great number of sources, and that so, called i /'tale bearing" is encouraged Instead of being frowned upon by. the : committee. Personally, I know of a number of cases in which students charged- with the same offense, but examined separately, have been tempted to inform on their companions and where the inducements for them to do so have been openly held out. • - \ V / These are the things that have brought on - f Stanford's illness .^ The Clark committee, vested, by the much absent president of the university, with an absolute authority, has deliberately antagonized^the ; student; body, "/and. the students are constantly seeking opportunity to retaliate . for real ; or fancied wrongs. It Is a bad spirit It is a serious illnes», - ~ SA^;-m^bi^c6, ; ; : MQNM loib! LATIN - AMERICAN NATION'S FAVOR BIG EXPOSITION "San Francisco 1915" on Lips of Diplomats at Luncheon Given in Washington President Wheeler of State Uni versity Tells of Welcome Waiting Visitors [Special Dispatch lo The Call] WASHINGTON/ Dec. 4.— "San Fran cisco 1915" was on the lips of South American diplomats, toda-y, when they attended a luncheon given by Director General John Barrett at . the Pan- American building-.. The San Fran cisco guests were R ; B. Hale of. the Panama-Pacific exposition, President Benjamin Ide Wheeler of the Univer sity of California, M.H. de Young and .» _ __ _^_.. Franklin > Adams, who ; 'Is connected with the Pan-American' union.-V - The diplomats present were Minister Pardo of Peru, . Minister *Borda of /Co lombia, Minister Arliaga, of . Ecuadpr, Minister Cruz of Chile, r Charge d'Af faires Lima E. Silva of Brazil, Charge d'Affaires VVUlegas *• of *:'\u25a0 Argentine; Charge d'Aff tires de Castro of Uruguay and Jose de Obaldla, secretary of the Panama legation. ; Other guests were Burton Holmes, lecturer; James *F. Archibald, war correspondent, and li. C. Barker .of the Fortnightly Review, London. New Monroe Doctrine The luncheon was given primarily 'to bring the Panama-Paciflc exposition to the attention of "the South American representatives.' Every one present made , a speech. Dr. said in part: "We are united as one In the asser tion of the; 1 Pan-American doctrine. This Is the new Monroe doctrine. The American nations shall notbe regu lated by arbitrary power without and in accordance \u25a0 with European policies and quarrels. "We are united as- one by a common geographical fate. "The old world looked inward on the Mediterranean, and all Its policies were dictated by the Mediterranean. The new world looks outward toward the open ocean. \u0084 . "Under the old arrangement all America stood in the world's back yard. Today It/ stands midway be tween Europe and the goal of its desire —the old orient. Two Oceans to Be One "The opening, of the Panama canal' means that the. two oceans which -In- 1 \ close us shall be made one. The event is an 'ocean event, and can not be cele i brated on an inland rver. '"The canal mußtbe made central in the celebration, and those who attend it /will' only fulfill; their pilgrimage by passing, through it. You do not in augurate an East' river bridge ' by hold i ing services at - Hoboken. \u25a0 With the opening of ; the canal the history- of man passes to its final phase.' . The occidental world-half meets in the Pacific ocean the other .and hitherto Ignored half— the orient.;: That . Is the supreme meaning of 'the event. "Except for Ecuador and Peru, none of the ' South ;. American*; countries 4 is affected by a trade movement, oh lines i'i north' and south; ' The whole \u25a0 signifl- j canco is connected •with a movement east*, and y west' The Pacific is now comingi into } play. : ; Promise of Welcome . "A- picket line i of i sturdy \u25a0 occidentals has been ' grimlyv holding the • narrow | strip • which 'we 'call ; the Pacific' t hem; \u25a0 stretching : from v'Alaska- to; Chile! and j waiting c ; for • reinforcements ;,to "t arrive j from', the army in the - rear. ; This>strip I Is mostly . Snalsh ; soil.X and;. ..when^ you' I come to the 'exposition.Vwhich we f shall i 'surely;^ hold f:ifi -1915. 4 ;we5,wi11.-" welcome ! you l4b 'h places Bpanish> names and" to • homes and ; hearts ? that • have )^the I Latin:;; hospitality; and' -^grace and \u25a0 I'M. H. de Young spoke of the Panama : -1 Pacific, exposition. \u25a0 . 1 Homeof/Mrs.EddyonCHes&utH V, ;; [Special- Dispatch -to -.The .Call]- t ;; _ BOSTON, Dec. 4.— The following editorial is published In the I <' Christian Science -Monitor under the caption: t |||g|l|||||M|||i EDDY o Mary Baker Eddy, the discoverer arid founder of Christian sci- <> \\ ence, passed f att ay on Saturday night at. her home on Chestnut hilt. She <\u25ba ][• r»as deply loved and revered, not only by all the members of her church, <\u25ba */). but by all those Tfhor understood anything of her incessant laoxs for the <<> \\ I welfare of. humanity. At such a moment it is helpful to be able to show* a <[ in her own- words, .that herfollowers who have enlisted "to lessen evir* <\u25ba l\ shall enjoy to the fuU the wisdom of her. leadership. <I <* "You can well afford, 1 ' she wrote 19 years ago to the Massachuselb I o Metaphysical college association, "to give me up, since you have in my t y, last revised edition of 'Science and Health' your teacher and guide." + "\u25a0\u25a0 In this way, as she said in perhaps the best known of all her hymns, i "those to whom her: teachings has shown the truth may continue not merely 'J o to follow, but to rejoice. \u25a0- \\u25a0\u25a0 \u25a0 *U f y. For many years, in the retirement in, which she has lived, Mrs. Eddy 4. $ has accustomed her. followers. to lean 'on, Cod rather than on her, and t i> so to ; learn to . do without that personal leadership the world commonly t 0 demands. The future of the -Christian Science movement will prove how <> i^ unerring was her,: judgment in this as in every other matter, which became < > her care. -She saldi writing some yean \ ago in ** The Sentinel," in the *' \\ issue of the 23rd of May, \9o\ i " ' Science and Health* makes it plain ** o- to all Christian Scientists- that the manhood and womanhood of Cod o have already been revealed in a degree through Christ Jesus and. Christian v > - \u25ba Science, his- two witnesses^ . What remains ; to lead on the centuries and \u2666 <> reveal my[ successor, is man in the image and likeness of the Father- <> <> Mother Cod, man and the generic term for^mankind." «• o In her retirement 'Worked p for .the cause of humanity ;; > '•' with the same untiring selfishness .withiwhichlm;iheeaTlieT^days-of her «\u25a0 o discovery she had .: worked, to , heal its physical' infirmities. Her followers . - > o will continue (to; prove] their) understanding t of her- teaching by that unity of*> < \u25ba v thought and purpose, t through^which clone they can proye their gratitude < \u25ba "and demonstrated as she the Christ. | ROOSEVELT TO DISCUSS POLITICAL UPHEAVAL First Public Statement Prorri ;ised,at^ pinner;^;;; NEW HAVEN, ; Conn.. : Dec. 4.— ln ; a letter to Colonel; lsaac M." Ullmarv, pres ident .' ; of \u25a0 the :.. New ,Hayen 'chamber -of commerce,": before \ which former .Presi-; 'dent^Rooßevelt; will speak on the . ; night of i December, 13;; Colonel Rooseveltj said that* at- the : dinner; hie , would . make -his first' public^ statement; as to -the; causes thatlled .up .to .the recent political up heaval.:',;Amons3he other', speakers/at the dinner ;. wl 1 1 ; ; -:be Governor -t Elect Simeon": E.l- Baldwin* and' President^Ar'-' thur >T.\ Hadiey \ of -Yale. ' t-: ~- .<- ~— -l- ( MARY BAKER G. EDDY HUMANITY'S CAUSE AIDED MONITOR PAYS A TRIBUTE THE WEATHER f ' YESTERDA V— Highest temperature, 58 ; lowest Saturday night, 45. FORECAST FOR TODAY— Cloudy, with • low fog m morning: light east wind, chang ing to north. TWENTY LIVES LOST IN PHILIPPINE FLOODS ,-..\u25a0 . - \u25a0 . \u25a0 Damage in Mindanao and Zam 'boanga Is $250,000 . \u25a0'"} MANILA, •_\u25a0•: Dec. ? " s^—Unprecedented storms \u25a0\u25a0 haye 1 swept" Mindanao and Zam boanga, flooding the country. - Twenty Hvesrhave'.been lost and property dam agred-to-the value of $250,000. No re ports v have ..been v received from -other districts.' - V . \u25a0" NEGRO .IS HIGHWAYMAN SUSPECT— STlrester 3 Hajwood." l a negro. . was arrested earlr raster ,dar-«nornlnsr,!at MontßomM-y and. Clay; streets ...on suspicion -of betnjr the hishwaym»n re sponsible for many: robberies' in .that district FINGER; SHOT ; OFF— Fred ikwsoij.- employed at , ;?: 70 \u25a0 Onk street ; In a .. garage; accidentally shot V off ' : the \u25a0" little-: linger of • his left : band with a trifle -yesterday.-; .. - \u25a0 - - -; -_.\u25a0. . PEIOE FIVE CENTS. £ 11 LUlTlUii Ub h fl VI $U\ II nu £ L ll v CALL Mrs. Mary Baker Glover Eddy Passes Away Peacefully at Her Home on Chestnut Hill SERVICES IN THE MOTHER CHURCH HELD AS USUAL Congregation Hears Announce* ment of Leader's Loss in Silence and Mem" bers Shed Tears FUNERAL TO BE SIMPLE AS LIFE OF THE WOMAN BOSTON, Dec. 4.— Mrs. Mary Baker Glover Eddy, discoverer and founder of Christian Science, is dead. Announcement of the passing of the venerable leader, -which occurred late last night at her home at Chestnut Hill, was made at the morning service of the Mother church "Natural causes," explained' the death,, according to j Dr,..Gcorge . L. West, a* district medical examiner,"" who was summoned a few hours after Mrs. Eddy passed away. Later Doc tor West added that the more imme diate cause probably was pneumonia. The news of Mrs. Eddy's death was made known simultaneously by Judge Clifford P. Smith, first reader of the Mother church, at the close of the morning service, and by Alfred Farlow of the Christian Science pub lication committee, in a statement to the press. Indisposed Nine Days According to Farlow, Mrs. Eddy passed away at 10:45 o'clock last night. "She had been indisposed for about nine days," said Farlow, "but had been up and dressed, and as lata as Thursday transacted tome business with one of the officials of the church. She took her daily afternoon drive- un til two days before death. Saturday night she fell quietly asleep, and those around her could at first hardly real ize that she had gone. Her thought} was clear, until tha last, and she left no final messages. "No physician was in attendance, but she had the assistance of students who comprised her household. "With her at the time of her departure were Cal vin A. Frye, Mrs. Laura E. Sargent. Mrs. Ella S. Rathvon; Rev. Irving C Tomlinson. her corresponding secre tary; \u25a0William R. Rathvon and her secretary, Adam H. Dickey. Funeral to Be Simple "No arrangements regarding the-, time or place of burial hay» been decided. It is well known to her household that she believed la sim plicity on such occasions, and in con formity with this knowledge, it is ex pected the services -will be private and of a simple nature, probably con- sisting of prayer and reading from the bible with some brief selections from the Christian Science, text book. Only her relatives, her household and of ficials of the church are expected to be present. "There having been no physician in attendance, George W. L. /West of Newton Center, medical examiner for the district, was called early Sunday morning. Dr. West, after investigation, pronounced death due to "natural causes* and Issued the customary cer tificate. "A telegram was sent to her son. George TV. Glover of Lead. S. D.. ap prising him of his mother's death and requesting Information as to his at tendance and that of his family. ""Mrs. Eddy was born In Bow. N. H., July . 16, 1821, and was therefore in her ninetieth year." Service Is as Usual Few of the congregation at the morning service of the Mother church today knew of. "Mrs., Eddy's death. Tha service was . as usual, and the two readers. Judge Smith and Mrs. Lelanci T. Powers, presented the sermon of the day. The routine service, which clo3ea with a hymn, the reading of the "scientific statement of being" and the , benediction, was strictly followed, but • Just before thY benediction Judga .'