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W. A. Du Puy
ALL the ; machinery of Uncle Sam's government is just now being concentrated in a great moral purpose, that of freeing from bondage the 300.000 white elaves \u25a0within his domain. The federal de partments are uniting in a concen trated effort to do away with that or ganization, which It has found to be ration wide, and which fattens and waxes rich through Its exploitation of Bimple womenfolk, who are as helpless in its maw as is the bird in the tolls of the snake that has charmed it. The department of justice is the fountain source of this campaign of ex termination. Attorney General Wick ersham has assigned the youngest of his immediate assistants, William R. Harr. to the task of putting the white Blavers out of business. Mr. Harr has called in Stanley W. Finch, the head of the secret service of the department of justice. Sir. Finch has sent forth the word to the 300 sleuths that are scattered here and there throughout the country. These have gotten in touch vith the 900 district attorneys stationed in the various sections. " The district attorneys have enlisted an equal number of United States mar shals. These, in turn, are closely Jn touch with the various police forces. The combination is to spread a net that •will include every city antf town in the United States. The department of Justice has gotten in touch with the department of com merce and labor, which has charge of the inruiigration service. This service !s more familiar with the pitfalls that surround the girl immigrant than is any other organization. Jt has made an exhaustive study reaching through years of the methods of the introducers of the white slaves. It has had the difficult task of putting up the bars against the introduction of women who are not desirable. It has labored with the task of keeping tab on foreign women and deporting- them when they drift into the hands of the white slav ers, either willingly or unwillingly. The immigration service has a vast Ftore of information that will be of inestimable aid in the campaign that is ntapped out. Country Is Aroused Then there is the Immigration'com mission, appointed by congress.^ and which has devoted years in a syste matic study or ice white slave, traffic. This commission knows very thor oughly just what the traffic is. Its report to the last session of congress had the effect of arousing the whole country to the atrocities that are go ing on where the slaver preys upon the ignorance and helplessness of for eign women. The facts being in hand, the department of justice is able to proceed to its task intelligently. ' But the brunt, of the work is to be placed- upon | the bureau of Investiga tion of the department of justice, the newly organized secret service. This bureau maintains the greatest detec tive force that has ever been gotten together In this government. Its agents are quiet, incisive, inconspicu ous young men, m6stli f lawyers and newspaper men, who go quietly about the gathering of information wherever the federal statutes are being violated, tt'ht-i- are .in 'San Francisco. El Paso. Omaha, Pittsburg, Savannah. They are a type of information . gatherer that is as different from the familiar police detective as Sherlock Holmes from the country constable. They are compiling evidence that will convict when presented by a fllstrict attorney. They are getting the ; facts on white slavery from one end of the. country to.' the other. They are finding out who are the dealers and preparing for their indictment. Presently there will be. a great and concerted swooping down upon- all these undesirable citi zens. The country will be swept clean of them, and the federal government will see that it is kept clean. Sleuths Sent Abroad But the 'bureau of Investigation has assigned a corps of Its cleverest men to anotherend of the task which Is yet more "Interesting. These have "''gone abroad to 'spy' upon the sources of the white slave traffic. It Is known that the traffickers have certain representa tives who are constantly sent abroad for recruits. These nien are usually semi-Americans, men familiar with the language and customs .of this coun try and of those countries in Europe from which they get their recruits. * They go to Paris, to- Rome, «to Berlin, to Vienna. .There they play the role of the man who has, grown wealthy In America. The simple folk, of Europe look upon America as the land of gold. This impression is enhanced by the stories of the dealer's representative. He selects from the girls whom he meets in the cafes, in the shops, on the street, those that he Intends to: make his victims. His selections are made . because of unusual beauty and attract iveness, for these qualities make a girl I salable. In one way-orl another "he makes the ecqalntancelof "the 'girl. He;'' gossips of America with her as he buys! flowers at her counter. -He tells her of the great sums that are to be/ earned! beyond: the seas. He suggests that he might be able to get her employment in the United States. He even tells her ' that her "prospective employer^is' will- ;' : ing to advance' her transportation" to the land of promise. In the end he persuades the girl to leave her humble booth where her- earnings are' so pit iably small and sail away to wealth: and luxury in the west The Making of a White Slave Quite naturally the girl later awakes to the. falsity of all the details of the picture. She nnds'herself In a strange, land, of which she knows nothing of the language or customs. She is with out money or a means of^suppbrt. she" Is frightened by bei :^barroundinJßr»;,and.,. is -further preyed upon by the tales that- her master ;' pours Into" her; un-: sophisticated £ears. ; In fact, shells ab-" solutely "dependent!- "upon* the ; man ;who : has, brought; her/ away/ from ithejland of her birth,- she has no other "alternar tive; bjit: to obey: : ; him In i&pC the circumstances., are such' that J inj ;: her. timidity -Khe"; clings/ to ;himas< h^r protector. She is- hist to do \u25a0 _- with: /'^..he may. : andvhe.:Ja" a: white islava; :\u25a0 .\ \u25a0 .'•\u25a0 :.-\u25a0\u25a0\u25a0•: -.-.•-- " \u25a0.:.-"• .\u25a0.\u25a0\u25a0.\u25a0:.',!\u25a0\u25a0 v,.. \u25a0>\u25a0\u25a0 \u25a0 -..., -i . -^ . . ;. :' ..\u25a0 I ."•\u25a0.. '.-- \u25a0'.\u25a0 \u25a0:.'\u25a0 \u25a0\u25a0 \u25a0• -:..'\u25a0'/:.\u25a0 . \u25a0'. -\u25a0\u25a0\u25a0•\u25a0\u25a0 ••, \u25a0• , EMANCIPATING THE WHITE SLAVE dealer. He" sells, her to the highest bidder.';. •\u25a0•,:-•; \u25a0;\u25a0.-'--.-_• :'-\ './-:\u25a0 :' : "--T-. \u25a0'••,,: -. - It is in the detection.of the exploita tion of these foreign girls J, that Uncle Sam has "sent 5 a "\u25a0• .hew" corps v- of '- secret agents abroad.l* They 'are' in", the marts of ; all ' the-.f orelgn fclties: Particularly are , they In / London, 1 ; for Mt " Is known : that: the white Slavers -there maintain; ,what .they call ,a' trying, out ground, : a \u25a0- sort 7of clearing-house ii f or t European girls:" These? agents sare^ getting;; the' goods on : these \u25a0 of ':'\u25a0. human 9esh r and their arrestsare but a matter, of timer \u25a0 •-\u0084,'% r ' . Here, again, the . federal government "Is calling; in the ;aid-of f another ; its : departments," for; there -is; resource \u25a0;"bf V; great (nation when*- it > becomes . • thoroughlyTaete"rminedJtb|crush7o^ut ; ari undesirable tblotfbn 'its'gobd'name^The ;jstate department, :: through i I ts ;; dlplbf ' / . matic: and f consular is ,belng^ called upon 'vtbVlend* every » possible /aid ; ; to tiie detection .of the carriers , on \u25a0 oX \u25a0\u25a0 this traffic*. These officials are closely In touch "with conditions in the com munities which they are assigned and with the -police forces of those communities.; Secretly all these are set on the track of the white slave dealers. Movement World Wide I ' For the movement against these dealers Is jj more thoroughly organized than is generally -suspected. As early as 1904' the countries of Europe com bined to aid one another iii- a suppres sion of .the traffic In women. In 1905. the United; States -became a party to this agreement. , Belause of it the States has a: right to call upon any- of (the parties to the agreement for, whatever assistance they are able to give.. This " practically places .the police, forces of -Europe at the disposal of the United States. All these are to be called upon by- the representatives of this country in. its fight against the traffic: -Probably there has never been a : more far , reaching and concerted movement; against ; an abuse since the government first began doing business than is Just now being carried out against the white slave movement. The fight has been carried on sporad ically in different communities for a number of years. New York had Its grand Jury investigate the move ment last spring, with the son of John D. Rockefeller as its foreman. In its report this grand' Jury said: "It appears from, the indictments found by us and from the testimony of witnesses, that trafficking in the bodies of women-does exist, and is car ried on", by individuals acting for their own individual benefit, and that these persons are known to each other and THE WORLD-WIDE CRUSADE BY WHICH THE UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT HOPES TO BREAK UP THE ORGANIZED TRAFFIC IN HUMAN FLESH AND PUNISH THE TRAFFICKERS we nonj or less Informally associated. "We have also found that associa tions or clubs composed mainly or wholly of those profiting from vice have existed and that one such asso ciation still exists. These associations are analagous to commercial bodies in other fields, which, while not directly engaged In commerce as a body, are all as Individuals so engaged. ""We find that members of these as sociations are scattered in many cities throughout the United States. From* the testimony adduced It appears probable that the social relation of tha members and the opportunity thereby afforded for communicating with one another In various cities have facil itated the conduct of their individual business." Agents of the grand Jury further went to various places where It had been alleged that white slaves were for sale, and actually succeeded in pur chasing four of them. For two of them $60 each was paid, and for two others $70 each was the price given. These were American girls, who had been procured in a much less expensive way than that followed by importers. Amer ican girls are much less desirable as slaves, however, for they are familiar with jhe language and conditions of the country and are therefore more dif ficult to keep In bondage. Fortunes Made Selling Women In Chicago the white slave traffic has been more thoroughly investigated than elsewhere, and there conditions have been found most revolting. There was the case of Alphonse and Eva Dufaur, a Frenchman and his wife, who had long been Importing womtn from France and profiting hugely In the process. The books of these people were seized, and It was " found that , for the year previous to their arrest they had cleared $102,000 in the traffic. They gave bond for their appearance for trial, but forfeited the bond Instead. It amounted to $25,000 for each of them, and their property loss in getting out of Chicago hurriedly was estimated at The; San Francisco Sunday Call an additional $30,000. It was sTiown that these people had •waxed bo wealthy In the traffic that they were not In convenienced in thus forfeiting nearly a hundred thousand dollars. The sleuths of the government have found that this degenerate couple are now located In France, and there plying their old busi ness. These investigations in separate com munities have had little effect on the country as a whole. Such an investlga->5 tion, even where it is carried so far as a prosecution of the culprits and a driv- j Ing of them out of the given commun ity, does not result in a permanent cleansing of even that community, for with changing administrations the vigi lance will be relaxed and the abuses will steal back. For there Is s goodly supply of the merchandise In adjoining cities. But these campaigns have been edu cational and have been largely re sponsible for the present movement on the part of the general government to clean up the whole situation. The federal authorities have deter mined, for instance, that there is an organization that Is nation wide that deals in women. It is active in New York, Chicago. Omaha. Denver, San Francisco. Los Angeles. Seattle, Nome. It operates as a syndicate. There is no formal incorporation. Nothing Is put Into writing. There is merely a community of interest that causes it to hold together. It is the most difficult kind of organization to get at, for its existence can not be shown by docu mentary evidence. Its business is car ried on by "gentlemen's agreements." If such a term can be used In this con nection.- It works silently and «e cretly. * Price List for Girls It Is known," howeTer, that prices are. quoted on girls, and that these prices prevail quite generally. The American girl is the cheapest, because she is the most difficult to keep in subjugation and most dangerous because of the pos sibility of her talking and of calling the police in her behalf. She brings but $50 or $100. Girls from Europe are ' sold at prices ranging from $400 to $1,004. Next to American girls these are easiest procured and easiest got ten into the country. Next comes th» Japanese girl, who is worth $500 to 51.500. The laws against the admis sion of Japanese axe more strict than those against the people of Europe, and prices are. of course, determined by supply and demand. The highest priced of all the white slaves are the Chinese women. It Is especially diffi cult'to get a Chinese woman into the. country, and her price is correspond ingly high, often being $2,000 or $3,000. On the Pacific coast the traffic is largely In Japanese and Chinese women. The manner In which thise women are gotten into the country is Interesting because of its mixing up of immigration law and oriental marriagf* custom. Under the law. for Instance. a Chinaman who has lawfully estab lished a home here may bring In the members of his family, his wife and daughters. The domiciled Chinaman of San Francl3co in this way smugyw In. many a woman upon the claim ot relationship. But the authorities hay» long been aware of the deception, and every precaution is taken against it. Japanese Proxy Marriages The Japanese system is to marry * girl in the native country to a country man'in.the United States. Absent mar riage is- a recognized institution in Japan. The cqntracting parties ordi narily \do not see each other until after the ceremony -Is performed am! either the bride or groom may be represented by proxy. So a white slaver having a sonfederate In this country merely jnarries the proposed slave to him by proxy and assigns her to him as his wife. She Is therefore entitled to en try. The immigration authorities bava Insisted on a -marriage' in accordance^ twth 'Our customs/upon the arrival£*^ the* bride on this side. The Japan* Ja usually, agrees 'to, this, but it does not necessarily : prevent the sale ot. Xho ai * »!av« later oa.