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The San Francisco call. (San Francisco [Calif.]) 1895-1913, January 08, 1911, Image 1

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85066387/1911-01-08/ed-1/seq-1/

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- Famous Indian Women
Even during the middle ages, when
India was steeped In Ignorance, the
country produced many women who
were the peers of the best men of their .
time. Women ruled wisely In various
parts of the land, and wrote notable
books on philosophy and religion.
Judiths were not lacking In the his
tory of medieval India, which, with
Its countless conflicts, produced numer
ous Iloloferncs. One of these brave
women of the 'days gone by was the
queen of Ganor. She found herself com
pelled to marry the Mohammedan who
had conquered her in war. With rare
subtlety she placidly went through the
marriage . ceremony that tied her for
life to her hated victor, arid then pre
sented her husband with a poisoned
tunic. informing him of his impending
doom when It was too late for him to
save his life, committing suicide as soon
as he was dead. ■ /
Another woman managed, to escape
the clutches of Aurungzeb, who pro
posed to force her Into his harem, by
offering to marry the Rani Raj Singh .
of Meywar. Raj Singh seldom took a
step In any matter of importance with
out consulting his talented wife, and it
Is declared that her diplomacy dictated
a letter, signed by the rana, which was
sent to Aurungzeb, arraying unanswer
able arguments against a capitation
tax which the Mogul emperor proposed
to levy. '. The rana's benefactions at
the time of the famine which devastat
ed the land during Aurungzeb's reign
have become . a matter of history, and
from the accounts that have been writ
ten regarding her there can be no
doubt that she was looked up to
by the people of her time as an exam
ple" of bravery and sagacity:
• The annals of the rise ',of the Mali
rat as furnish many Instances of
woman's strength ; of character and
mental and physical hardnessoven of
her warlike proclivities and martial
abilities. ; Not only have the queens of
history distinguished themselves as
leaders of .the army, but the lowly
women have filled the ranks of private
soldiers and fought valiantly for their
land. ■ -■•..'.
--' The Mahratta woman who distin
guished herself in the mutiny, fighting
for what site considered was the right,
was the widow, of Shanker Rao. , Her
son and husband were blown from the
guns at Jubbulpur on .that dreadful
September 18, 1857. The widow took
part In a number of skirmishes and
seized "Ramgarh. Finally, . when she
found herself hard pressed by the Brit
ish soldiers, she Jumped from her horse
and plunged her own sword into her •
bosom, dying shortly afterward at the
English camp, to which she had been
Probably the most remarkable Indian
woman of the last century was Lakshml
It'ai, the rani of Jhansl, .who gave the
British the greatest amount of trouble
during the mutiny. "When the native
troops of Jhansl rose in June, "1857.
massacring all the Europeans in" the
place who surrendered, I.akshml • li.ii
took the reins of government in her
own hands and defended the town when '<
the English army besieged it In; 1868 ' .
Wlion .1 nsi was finally taken hv *lv».
British, the rani fled in the night and
succeeded in escaping, although hotly
pursued by a party of cavalry. , She
raised another army of rebels and made
a stand at Kunch, where she was again
defeated and once more escaped, mak
ing her way to Gwallor to take advan
tage of Sindhla's troops that had muti
nied. Here she met her death, receiving
a saber cut on the head and a shot in
the arm from the pursuing English cav
alry when she was trying to escape.
Like the Hindu women, many of their
Mohammedan sisters have distinguished
themselves. In the time of Caliph Omar,
Moslem women, clad in armor, went to
the battlefield and fought with the men,
inspiring them to the charge; while the
fighting begum of Oudh still ''lives in
the memory of her countrywomen. The
consort of Shah Jehan exercised great j
influence on him In the administration
of court -affairs,'and the Mogul ) em- j
peror built the world famed Taj Mahal
at Agra as a memorial to her. Many
Moslem queens have ruled more or less '
extensive principalities at various peri
ods of Indian history and acquitted:
themselves creditably.
-i » .
Many Sided Kicks of the Camel
'A camel's hind lens will reach any
where—over his head, round his cheat
and on to his hump. Even, when lying
down an--evilly'disposed animal will
shoot his legs and bring you to a sitting
posture if he wants to. Compared with
a camel, a mule is really a most con
siderate "kicker, so beware when the
camel* looks as If lie is going to kick.
■ V»«... V,.-l* WnrM ' .-. , i^.j.. ?"■',.> .Jwj •,. V
The Problem of Transportation
The development and growth of
American cities has caused the problem
of transportation .to become a serious
t>ne. Many American municipalities are
now. face- to,face .with this problem.
New York, Chicago, Boston and Phila
delphia have partly solved the question
of furnishing their people with proper
transportation'facilities. - -.*•■'
New York, with' its 4,000,000 inhabit
ants, lias transportation properties
equal to any American city. The mat
ter of transportation in New York led
to the building *of the first elevated
railroad system In the United States.
Several years ago ..a subway. was built
similar to the Boston line, which was
the. first American subway. And be
sides the elevated railroad and the.sub
way there I are several' railway, tunnels
running ".underneath- tin- city and: the
Hudson and East rivers. In,addition to
these,;there are a score of bridges con
necting' New York "arid New c Jersey,
Brooklyn, Long Island and the cities
wound the j metropolis. Of "these the
most notable is the famous Brooklyn
jridge.' .- ' . '•.'.-..■'■": - . *
What. New fork ,has accomplished,
Boston, Chicago and Philadelphia have
ilso'done." New York is the •most" con
gested American city, yet its,transpor
tation facilities and especially its cur
service are equal :to any", in the United
3tate3, and maybe in the world: Its car
service is a model'of efficiency, thor
jughness and competency. -
The cities ,of ■ Europe.- have mastered
the transportation problem more. com
pletely than the American »riiunlclpall
ties. The main reason for this more
thorough solving of the difficulties id ,
probably due to the fact'that in Europe
nearly all. the cities own their trans
portation rights.' Municipal ownership
guarantees for the people an . efficient
car service, which private corporations
as a rule do not generally guarantee.
. In -' many S towns|g In ■; Great v Britain,
Prance and Germany the street-rail
ways are," municipally owned, { with a
result that should'encourage Ameri
cans to do the same. ••','••".-
San Francisco has entered the Initial
stages of municipal ownership In voting
bonds for the Geary street railway.'New
York owns. the railway crossing of the
Brooklyn .bridge, but It is Under pri
. vate management. 3 In this way the city
is freed from the additional care of run-"
ning a railway by leasing.the line' to a
private corporation, which Is compelled
' to -give good service through the pres- ~
sure brought to bear by.the city. Thus,
municipal ownership of street railways :
may be accepted as a solution of \ the
problem of transportation.. ....
- -■: _^_ • - — ■
A Letter to Alonzo
Portland. Ore., Dee. 86, 1910. -
, Dear Alonzo:..'! am a white spitz and
my mistress calls me Fluff, but my real
name is Fluffy de :Ruff..■■ We live in
Portland, but we read your paper and
think it's fine. When you go traveling
be sure to call on us. It's -very 'cold,
and I'm hoping 'twill soon snow, so my
boy and girl friends' can make a snow
man and I will frisk about and bark at
him. , i ' " . ; «v : - ■: ;>'
The other day, George, my little mas
ter, took me upon the hills and We'cut
down a.dandy Christmas tree. '.When
the candies and. ornaments were, hung
on it, it was very.beautiful, indeed.
My Christmas present was a blue rib
bon and a turkey bone, and 1 hung up
my. stocking, too. ' \ '
- Well, Alonzo, bring your little rub
ber boots when you come, and we'll see
all the ', scenery from Council Crest.
Your loving friend, -\". ■-.'■'■" '
.tT'X'.t .. . -FLUFFY DE RUFF. !
■ _ ', •- r ..
♦~ :—. _—_—l_—: ♦
, Editor. Junior Call: Dear Sir— re
ceived the fountain pen' you sent me
and lam very grateful to you for it. I
hope you will excuse me for not ac
knowledging It before this. Respect
fully yours, RAYMOND QUINN,
San Francisco, Cal. •
Editor Junior Call—Dear Sir: I wish
to thank you for the pretty watch you
sent me, which I received on Christmas
day. I .will'use it to time'my brother
In law, Eugene Ely, in his flights at
Tanforan , next week.' \ .Wishing the
Junior»Call a prosperous new year, -I
remain", your friend,
San Francisco, Cal.
Dear Editor: , I received the lovely
watch Christmas, and thank you very
much. I wish you a .very happy new
year. Yours gratefully,
Sun Jose, Cal.

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