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The San Francisco call. (San Francisco [Calif.]) 1895-1913, January 08, 1911, Image 3

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85066387/1911-01-08/ed-1/seq-3/

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First Lesson in Sitting Up,
F a dog really -wants to learn," -
I says Billy Stickney, "he really
.can. All that he has to do is to
watch every motion that his teacher
makes and never take his mind off his
lesson for a single instant, and pres
ently he will begin to understand what
the queer human who is trying to teach
him wants him to do. Then It is all
smooth sailing." But if he thinks about
anything else while he is having his
lessonif, for /Instance, he sees some
thing very good to eat not a great way
off and he darts away to get itthen
there is sure to be trouble. The les
son has to be begun all over again, and
sometimes, when the interruption oc
curs several times In the same lesson,
a perfectly good dog gets a spanking
that is, a perfectly good dog from his
own point of view, for, of course, the
teacher feels very different about his
Billy Stickney, you see, is a dog..
He is a very beautiful dog, as you can
see by his pictures. He has a beautiful
white coat of soft fluffy hair, a slim,
sprightly figure and the brightest, most
friendly and gayest expression that a
dog could have. Vet it is not for his
beauty alone that Billy Stickney is ad
mired. It is his cleverness and accom
plishments that attract the most at- '
tention. Billy is one of the huge army
of dogs who have adopted theatrical
careers and who go around the world
from city to city earning a very good
living 'by hard work before the foot
lights. When Billy consented to tell
the boys and girls who read this page
how a dog should be trained'he was
appearing in a long engagement at the
New York Hippodrome. ; . , i
Billy Is the friendliest dog in the
world and the most generous. He feels
sorry for all dogs who are not as ac
complished as he is and he is perfectly
willing to help them to learn all that
he knows, so if any boy or girl who
reads this page owns a dog or num
bers one among his or her acquaint
ance* and would like it to perform as -_
cleverly as Billy Stickney does, Billy Is ,
perfectly delighted to tell them; how
he attained his present degree of skill, •
with the assistance, of course, of his
owner and trainer, Mr. Stickney.
The very first thing that Billy
learned was to sit down. This does
not seem much of an accomplishment,
because dogs often assume this posture
of their own free will, but the point
that the teacher wanted to make by
teaching Billy to , sit 'down was that
everything must be done to order, not
when the dog felt in the mood for It
himself, but when his master Issued a
command. Dogs are like children very
often in not showing off to the best ad
vantage* when there are visitors or -
when for some other reason their mas
ter Is particularly anxious for them to
do well. They will obey sometimes
when It pleases them, while at other
times they will completely Ignore their
master's command. This Is most em
barrassing for the master and . very
disappointing for his friends, and for
a dog which appears on the stage it
is quite ; Impossible. Such a dog, no
matter how cleverly he might perform
when he felt In the humor, would find
himself out of employment most of the
time because he could not be relied
on. 'V^EB^BMSaf
So Billy was taught perfect and In- •
stant obedience by being made to sit
down at once when Mr. Stickney said.
"Sit down, Billy." To show the dog
what he meant by the words "sit
down," Mr. -Stickney tapped Billy
gently on the back as shown in the
picture entitled "First Lesson In
Sitting Down." Many trainers use a
small stick for tapping the dog, but
Mr. Stickney has found a sheet of .
newspaper folded as shown in the pic-,
ture very good for training purposes. ;
He first tapped Billy on the hind quar
ters with the folded paper, while hold
ing his other hand under the dog's
chin and saying "Sit down, Billy." At
first Billy could not understand but as
the tapping continued he gradually
grasped the idea and assumed a sitting
posture. > Instantly Mr. Stickney
stopped .the training', for the day and.
began . a fine game of romps with
Billy.. He wished him to. understand ,
that he had done what was .wanted.
This part of training any animal is
not always understood by those who
have not gone into it professionally.
a '■ —— . —— '■ ■—!
The Eskimo's Dwelling
There are four fundamental types of
arch and dome, of which one is the
Eskimo peculiarity. The Eskimo vault
Is a true dome, exerts no outward
thrust and requires no temporary scaf
folding. It is also unique in that Its
material Is not brick or stone, but
snow. ,
The construction Is used for the'
beehive shaped winter houses of these
so called savages and is spiral in plan,
as shown by the diagrams. A row of
blocks is first laid on the ground in
a circleor more; exactly a polygon.
Each of these has a slightly slant top,
and each-thus raises. Its surface a lit
tle beyond the last, until when. the cir
cle is completed, the gap in height be
tween the last and first blocks gives
the thickness for the following courses.
In-these, the upper and lower surfaces ,
of leach block are parallel, as in a
brick, but the gradual upward trend
given by the first course is of neces
sity f maintained. V
. In each successive round the snow
bricks are leaned inward more, by hav
ing their lower i surfaces sliced off to
a bevel. If set * squarely end to end,
they would before long lean inward so
far that they would tumble. For this
reason- the end of the block last laid
Is cut at an angle.' The next follow
-a- : ■ ;
Are You an Only Child?
The only child is more to; be pitied
than envied, no matter how well to
do are - his circumstances. '. Unless his
mother, be very wise and sensible, his
childhood is likely to be anything but
a profitable one. He misses much and
loses much—misses the pleasures which
many brothers and sisters can create
in one family, and loses the training
which they give" each other. It often
happens that the little ewe lamb has
only grown people for .; his early com
panions, and when he happens to be
thrown into the company of children of
ids own age he is strangely stiff and
awkward. He is either very reserved
and cold or too rough, and the other
children hold off and look at him
askance. For children know how to bar
an undesirable from their circle better
oven than grown people do.
In two-thirds of the cases the little
only child gets a spoiling In his early
youth that handicaps him for the rest
of his life, unless he has a strong head
and a sensible mind. An adoring moth
er, and grandmother and perhaps several
adoring aunties wait on him hand-and
foot. He never lias to do what he does
not want to do. and If he prefers choco
late drops ,to spinach, he has but to say
the word "At Christmas and on birth
days his presents are so numerous that
he might easily set up a toy shop. A
prince is not more pampered. than he,
nor .more unfitted for the life that is to
However, If he keeps his head In the
midst of so much chaotic spoiling, he
may rise above it. But forever the
After the animal has accomplished the
trick which the trainer is working for
the amateur will often go on teaching
another trick at the same lesson. This
will confuse the dog. which at the con
clusion of the lesson will not be quite
sure what the different' commands
meant or what it was that the trainer
really wanted him to do. Another, mis- .
take is in making the dog repeat the
trick over and over again on the first .
occasion in which he has accomplished
it perfectly. If a trainer keeps on mak
_______ — -a-
ing block has the joining end slanted
at the reverse angle. Thus it fits in
behind the preceding, and, is prevented
"by it 'from slipping inward. A3 the
house grows, the circles become
smaller, until at last only; an irregular
polygonal opening is left. This is
filled with a wedge shaped block cut
to shape. It Is, however, not a key
stone,; as the remainder of the struc
ture supports itself. " ;
The blocks of firm snow are usually
dressed outside, and handed for plac
ing to-the man on the inside. The
last,block tie holds Up with one hand,
slices; to shape with his ivory knife
in the other, and drops into position!
He is then entirely inclosed in the
vault. Only after the house itself is
entirely completed does he cut out the
low door, which, to keep out the cold.
as much as possible, is only big enough
to crawl through. A long, low. tunnel
is then built in front of the door, to
break the force of the" Arctic's ley"
blasts. Even a window is 1 present. A
small aperture v, is cut out over:
the door and filled with a pane of
clear, thin ice. .All'that: is omitted is
the flue or chimney. Whatever, heat
is produced by the sealoil lamps is
wanted inside, warmth being a more
serious necessity' in the climate than
ventilation or ; freedom from smoke.
; ; _ :—; ♦-
only child will miss- what might be
called "the etiquette of; the nursery."
the rules a large family of . children
never fail to . lay down. They are
unwritten laws, but' as , unchanging- as ,
those of the Medes and Persians. Tell
ing is one of them. The telltale is os
tracized in : the ; nursery,-as • Is : also he
who cheats. A fair division is another;
whereas, the only child has no divided
substance. It is all his , own. Shirk-,
Ing is never permitted by ; the nursery;
law of , the big family, and there is
no greater shirk than the, only child,
because he never has to, do anything.
Peeping at I:spy, hitting a man in the
back, playing when you'd; rather read
or do something, because the others
would rather play- this inexpress- ■
ibly spletidid and rprecious training the
only child misses.
":- The f mother of -an only child has' a
difficult but not in the least impossible
task before her in bringing up her one '
chick. ;He ; may always be made to
share, even if it bo-with an imaginary
friend; he may be taught' to wait on.
mother and all the household; to be,;
abstemious in .what she knows is not
good for him, and to be ; obedient.' :Is -
It so hard, when one thinks of what it
means later to this miniature man?;
Is it not better to teach. gentleness,
obedience and unselfishness in the be
ginning than' to have . the lessons
pounded into him later by another and
more painful method? Let the parents
of only children pity their lonely little
ones and go carefully in the ways of
bringing them UD.TBUmUI
Secood Leuoc
Ing the dog do the trick over again
when he has just done It perfectly for
the first time the animal will become
tired and will do" the trick "sometimes
well and sometimes imperfectly, and at
the conclusion of the lesson he: will
have a hazy idea that what was wanted
was quantity and not quality. He would
also be less Inclined to do at once what
his master, said. -S3M9pSUHOBH
The proper method is to stop on the
Instant when,an animal has performed
in a proper manner, the trick for which
the trainer has been working, and give
the little beast the reward he likes best.
Then the lesson is over for j that day
and the dog understands ' that what: la
wanted of him Is to do a certain thing
Instantly when a particular order Is Is
sued, and that if he performs that trick
properly he will not be bothered' any
more. v';|_H__n_B_£B_9HßHs§K
It Is also necessary that a trainer
should insist on the corrects perform
ance of any act "before he goes, on to
the . next. As <_'. with . children, the
changing: of commands is very bad for
a dogts disposition, and the animal
must be sure that his master means
what he says and will insist on having
his orders obeyed,' if the dog is ever to'
become a*good performing animal. Of,
course with difficult tricks and in the
case of certain animals it . Is necessary
to - give up the ; hope "of training them,'
but this Is .not. so; with simple com
mands nor with", an intelligent dog.
Such an animal can surely,be;made to
obey, -, commands . absolutely if '.the
proper" method "of"training is ad
hered to. . :- v^_Hat__B_BßMCHflH_sßßo
" After the first lesson, which taught
Billy a military precision "in; obeying
orders, came:, the- second lesson," in
which Billy ... was .taught : "sitting up."
Again the . folded . paper , was, brought
Into play,, and • or,'* the„'first' part of the
sitting up lesson Billy, was asked- to
sit down and was tapped gently on one
paw.' with '.',the folded paper while Mr.
Stickney. hold.'the : other paw in his
By this time Billy : had decided that
he didn't care,to learn any more tricks,
for he is not .naturally", a j very ambi
tious dog in this ./direction; so ,he
promptly closed his eyes and refused to
look at Mr. Stickney at all. Many ) dogs
do iS this when they. are being ; trained.
It seems as if they said to themselves,
"Well, . if I close , my eyes '. and can't see
anything; then they,'can't blame me for
not getting it right." ;lfa^_M___|i_t__R__fl£
'"' Mr. "Stickney,. however, was very pa- ;
tient and presently Billy opened . his
eyes and decided ,that the beat thing
for him •to do after all was to go
through with his ; lesson : and have the
strain over with as soon as possible. -
When the first,sllting up position had
been attained, the trainer; taught' Billy
the second,'? in - which J Billy has ' one :of
his paws held while he keeps the other
up of his own accord. When Billy had
been taught to keep both paws up he
hud learned the sitting up position, and
there only ' remained, to make him per
fect in the act the dally, practice which
familiarized him with this act's word
of command. -He became 'acquainted
with the moaning of the.words, "Sit up,
Billy," and learned „tof obey his order
perfectly, exactly as he had the others—
that is. "by, having the lesson stop the
minute he did.the trick correctly.
Sitting up is also a very simple
thing, which most ; dogs do without
much training, but to have them always
do it immediately when, commanded 1 to,
is a very different matter.'Try train
ing your, own, dog to obey the simple
sitting down and sitting up orders as
promptly as Billy Stickney does, and if
you attain success In this "you will be
able to teach him some ,of the mora
elaborate tricks which Billy performe,
which will bo Illustrated and explained
In a later page for boys and girls.

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