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The San Francisco call. [volume] (San Francisco [Calif.]) 1895-1913, November 26, 1911, Image 6

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JAM ES McPARLAND'S THREE YEAR PURSUIT
OF THE MOLLY MAGUIRES
ERHAPS it is not remarkable that James C.
1 McParland is still in active business at the
. age of 67 years, for he is a well preserved
man. But it is remarkable that he is alive at
all, for beyond doubt there have been more threats
made against this man's life and more attempts to
carry them out than any other man has suffered
between the Atlantic and the Pacific. . «
Behind a long table, that is kept clear of the
mass of letters and reports that daily find their
way into his office, James C. McParland is today
in charge of the Pinkerton office in Denver, Colo.
The gray hair and mustache, tell of advanced
years; the glasses add to the mark of time, but the
blue gray eyes still have a sparkle and fire in
them; the ruddy complexion fails to show any
ravages of years and the broad shoulders are well
thrown back.
Detective stories have been made the subject of
countless pages, but never has the greatest fiction
writer manufactured fancy as strange as the true
stories of James; C. McParland. Never has a
detective of fiction performed more impossible
feats than those he performed when he broke up
the famous Molly Maguire band of Pennsylvania.
Born in 1844 in the province of Ulster, Ireland,
McParland came to the United States in 1863. He
moved to Chicago in the late sixties and lost all he
had saved in the Chicago fire. He joined the
Pinkerton detective agency under its founder,
Allan Pinkerton, early in the seventies, and while
he had not been long In the business his remark
able memory marked him as the man to be sent to
eastern Pennsylvania to gather evidence against
the organized band of murderers.
When he went on the witness stand in trial after
trial and told the inside secrets of the Molly Ma
'■/ —secrets that resulted in the execution of 11
men and the sending to prison of nearly three
score more—he demonstrated ; that his memory
was so good that the most trying cross examina
tion failed to break his evidence in the slightest
detail.
While McParland gained fame as the man who
procured the confession of Harry Orchard in the
Moyer-Haywood trial, his connection with the
Molly Maguires remains as his masterpiece of
work, as it does of all detective work in this
country.
When he took up the Molly Maguire case* he
required more than the skill of the trained oper
ator; he had to have courage, plenty of courage—
in fact, he had to live on nerve night and day. The
slightest flinching at any time would have meant
his death. *
McParland tells for the first time some of the
incidents in connection with his history making
efforts.
BEHIND a Jong table in one of the tallest office
buildings in Denver, overlooking a window that
faces the snow topped Rocky mountains, you can
find each day a quiet appearing man reading his mail
or directing his many assistants in their duties. There
is nothing about the man at first glance to lead one to
suspect him of being one of the world's famous detect
ives. You would never guess that his life had been in
danger more times than perhaps that of any other man
of his years. Certainly there have been % more
attempts to kill him than any man who has . come
before the public in the last two score years.
Not dozens, but hundreds of plans have been
worked on to kill this man, and yet today he is calmly
going on about his duties, seemingly without a
thought of his remarkable life. James McParland is
passing strange in that he does not seek publicityin
fact, he has refused for more than 35 years to tell of
his connection with the famous Molly Maguire case;
but after all these years he was found in the Denver
office of Pinkerton's and granted an interview that
gives the story of what is still called the most daring
piece of detective work ever accomplished in this or
any other country. ;
"I have no desire to discuss this case," objected
McParland; "and while it is an old story it is still
new, for all the details have never been known."
It was suggested to McParland that the public had
been fed on Sherlock Holmes cases—detectives had
told of marvelous work of theirs in detecting crime.
"That's the point," he snapped. "The public thinks
the average detective is some strange wizard, when,
% as a matter of fact, he must have good, common sense
just plenty of that. I go in for hard work, and
that is all."
"And you still recall the Molly Maguire case in all
its details?" he was asked.
"There are some things in a man's life that always
remain vivid to him, no matter if he is talking
about-what occurred nearly two score years before,"
declared McParland as he turned. from his desk. "It
would be strange, indeed, if I did not recall in all its
details my connection with the Molly Maguire cases
of Pennsylvania, even though I entered into the long
case in 1873.
"Whether I was a 'born detective' or not never
worried me. A detective must have plenty of common
sense, perhaps some nerve, arid the ability to stick ;to
a case when matters look the darkest. But, more
important, he must be ready to do hard work; ready
to go days without rest at times.
"An operator must have confidence in his employers,
and that is what I had with the Pinkertons. T was
also deeply interested in 1 the Molly Maguire cases for
more reasons than one. But first I did not forget I
was a detective sent-to/collect evidence? . I kept that
in front of me at all; times. lam not trying" to tell the
young man how to be a detective—l don't think you
can;do that.
"To tell the r detailed . story of the' Molly Maguire
case would require more than one book, when it will
be remembered that I spent more than three years in
gathering evidence against perhaps the boldest band
of murderers and dangerous men that ever infested
this country." 'J-
McParland paused to read a telegram and write a
reply, and-then continued: . . \ :
"The Molly Maguires of Pennsylvania obtained-their
name from the band of the same name in Ireland? The
Moily/Maguiresof Ireland/crept into being, to contest
the rights, or so called rights, of the nonresident, land
lords of Ireland. When an agent of a, land owner,
backed by bailiff and constable, called upon/the ten
Pinketton&etediveSßecoan&H^
Thtrtv Thousand Assassinations
ants of Ireland to collect what was more often .unjust
taxes he was met by a band of men dressed as? women,
who,attacked and beat the agent and his assistants.
"During the late 60's the, Mollies, as they were often
called, organized in Schuylkill," Carbon and Columbia
counties and other coal districts'/of Pennsylvania.
They were not satisfied with the wage seale s that" ex
isted or with the way a mine "superintendent ran his
business. They objected to the way certain men did
their wqrk. As a rule, they comprised a .cold? cruel,
selfish,body of men,,who, unable to have things done
as they wished, took it upon! themselves to correct
existing conditions. / -/
. "Their idea of correcting was to go to a man's house
at night, pull hint out of bed and cut off; an ear?!? If
this did not ) have the desired effect the other ear
would be cut off and in the end the man murdered. *
.."No one was immune from the Mollies. They
struck high and low. It never has been known, and
never will be, how many men were assaulted and
killed by this band, which soon numbered more than
30,000. * !
- "They were duly organized into ' districts, /with ?a
body master/secretary, assistant secretary and treas
urer of each. They had secret passwords, grips and
signs, and were as well organized a crew of bandits as
one could ever expect to find. There was but one set
of laws for them to obey, and these agreed with their
likes, or dislikes. If a rule or a law ran afoul of their
way of thinking* then the law was 'corrected' by them
with murder or. a series of murders.
"Eastern Pennsylvania had been for years in a state
of siege from the Mollies. No man's life or home was
safe. Conditions came to such /a crisis that some
thing had to be done. The local police and state
officials had spent months and years trying to convict,
but owing to the well organized condition of the
Mollies and the terror they struck into the hearts of
every household in their neighborhood, little" or no
progress had been made/
"Franklin B. Gowen, president, of the Philadelphia
and Reading Coal and - Iron company, decided, the
band must be broken up. Archbishop Wood of Phila
delphia had held many conferences with Mr. Gowen,
and the two men discussed ways and means of getting
at the root of the organization. ;
"It fell to my lot to gather the evidence which, later
on, was to. send men to the gallows or state prison,
an effort to restore peace-once more to the law abid
ing citizens. , .
"I can not even now go into all the details, but I. can
relate enough to give the ,public some idea of the
conditions* that existed in Pennsylvania 'when I . went
to Port Clinton, Pa., in 1873. ",'•'..'
"I had lost: all of my savings in the great Chicago
fire and} was employed by the Pinkertons in? Chicago
under its organizer. I was a detective, or an:operator.
One day I; was told I was to go, to Pennsylvania ? and
gather evidence against the Molly Maguires.' The
words were simple /enough, but I i knew that it 4 was
going to be a hard piece of workthe most difficult
and trying that I had ever encountered. ■'?//?>•
"One evening along about 8 o'clock I landed in Port
Clinton, with my baggage slung over-my back. I
had entered into the /stronghold of the band of mur
derers, and my first thought was to find someplace to
sleep for the night. I noticed a light not far away and
made my way toward it, only to find a tavern filled
with a crowd of drunken men, the landlord being the
drunkehest. I was promptly pushed- out of the door
and informed that tramps were' not wanted/ though I
believe I had more funds hidden about -my, person
than ; had ail the men in the room combined. I found
quarters for the- night at a/: railroad sleeping house,
:and; the next morning I started out to find a job." *
McParland smiled as he recalled his efforts to. secure
work as a miner. ;••?'"/:/;. '../-..-.^/,*•-/ *'
??T wanted to go to work arid learn something of the
inside conditions, and my first opportunity was to
drive a car in a coal mine,". 1 he went on. "I learned
how to use a pick, and of course/ made acquaintances
among my fellow workers. I did not hurry the mak
ing of ' friends, but managed to drop into the saloons
out of working hours and meet men. That was my
object, to meet as many persons as I could and to fall
into their habits, for I had made up my mind that I I
was going to become a full fledged :' Molly. It was the
only way I could gather evidence that would hold in
court. I must know the" secrets of the .organization
and mark!out the ringleaders who were directing the
killing of so many men.
"I had agreed to make a report each day Ito head
quarters. I did not know what I was doing when I
made that promise, but I kept it. I wa« often afraid
to buy ink, and sometimesj[?jhvoulj 1 c. force*] 'to take
bluing, used in washing clothes, to 'make ink, or
" combinei soot and water until I could write with it.
? "My supply, of stamps T kept concealed; in my boots.
The mailing of my daily report often called for j the
-best tricks I could command. If there] had been the
slightest;shadow of doubt raised about me in those
early 'days my life would have• been flicked out in
stantly. I knew that,- and' the : Mollies felt themselves
well protected against a detective entering their ranks,
due to their reputation for cruel murders. N! .
'•"-j "I was never overly fond of even the best of liquors,
and the bad whisky I was constantly forced to - drink
- " ?/./''■ .:' "?> ;■!■;,"- '. J. - - ,
to make a : showing with? my comrades was often > one
of my most trying experiences. :It was important that
.I become a leader. I was strong and I .could hold my
own with the majority of the men in the sports of the
day. or in drinking bouts, and this won the Mollies'
admiration. *" iV . >. , /? ?.
-'■•' "Day by ; day I grew, closer to the , members of the
gang. I was known as James McKenna to the Mollies,
and, in' fact, to every cme. I had to do some tall boast
ing. Through my efforts? it :, soon/ became circulated
that I had/cut off the ears of a man in Luzerne county,
that I had killed ; a;man in Buffalo and/ that I was a
fugitive from justice for being Connected with a coun
terfeiting band. .This/reputation was of the highest
order. It -made..mc a fit candidate for the Mollies.
Michael,. or ; 'Muff,' Lawler, a member of the band,
decided that I was good material? T had "asserted my
bravery by leading in the fights against coal = mines.
One day I led an attack on a? colliery that/I knew was
filled with detectives; armed with * rifles. The /local
police decided I was a bad man and: tried to arrest me
more.than once. One day Mr. Gowen happened to be
near the scene a hot fight between the police and
the miners, and ah effort /was made to arrest me for
being so close to him. Of course, he did not let any
one know he knew me. '
"It was ; on! April. 14, ? 1874, that I: becanue a full
fledged Molly, joining the band at Shenandoah, Pa.
At last I had gained the ihner circle of the organiza
tion, or at least I -had been made a,trusted member.
; It- did not take me long until I was made a secretary,
. and once I became an officer secrets were unfolded to
me day by day." He grew serious as he recalled the
long list of crimes and was lost in thought for a time.
"There was a long list of murders that had not
been cleared. What was the best way to get? the evi
dence against the men high in the band? I did not
care so much for the men who personally did the kill
ing I wanted the men who did " the directingthe
leaders.'" "\ ■■ '
■• .. ■.- - ■'--.„_ - - ■'.-.-'. --.-.' ■-;„;-■■
"The murder of Alexander a mine superintend
ent/had i taken;; place long before )I " was on -the v scene,
but it had' been an extra brutal r case arid/ I found that
many of .the leaders were connected with the execu
tion of it. There were so many, in fact, I decided it
would be worth while to/get all the evidence. in this
case!'?. - ' •" ;-?.- -: - - .'/
"We had our ■ meetings • from .time; to time and some
member would ; ; complain against an * official of . the
mines or some:tradesman..A warning would be/sent
to the man complained ;about,, either to correct his
ways or leave the country. These warnings were in
form of crudely drawn coffins, surrounded by re
volvers/ Once the warnings had been posted the man
would know by long years of the Mollies' crimes that
his/time had /come. The number of happy homes that
were shattered .by these warnings will never be
known, of course. But I am safe in saving that hun
dreds of persons were forced to flee for their lives.
"When, it i was decided that a man was to be killed,
the plan carried out in this manner:—Say the
Mollies?of District No. 1 "wanted"* a man 'put -away.'
A request would be sent to District No. 2 for a man,
or? sufficient men, to do a 'job.' The -.men would be
fsefectcd and would 'arrive' at "the place designated,
ready/for. ; work. They did this in secret. The night
of; the 1 murder every ; Molly in the district in which the
? killing was to be done would see that ;he had a strong
alibi. He would make it a point to be with or near
some non-member of the organization. When District
No. 2 had a killing on hand they?would send to- Dis
trict No. 1 or 3 for men to do the work for them. In
this way it wassalways; strangers who s committed: the
deeds. .
'"Time and again 1 was tempted to go out in the
open and give my evidence, but while I might have
some good facts against the band in'Pottsvillc 1 knew
that the men would continue to carry on the work in
Mahanoy City, Mauch Chunk or a score of other
places. Therefore, I had to be patient and work slowly
to get all of the necessary evidence.
"No one will ever know or realize how slow it all
seemed to me. A meeting would be held and some
»man selected to be killed. Sometimes I would . get < a
[ line on the man * who was to do the ■real 'killing, but
' - '■- -■: - •■' .-• .-■•....---..:- . -.--*;,-•'•■■•; - .. ■..•... .*-■-■■ ... ■
:of ten my evidence would not hold Una; court of law,
I knew. ..What could I do? It was impossible to stay
in the background and not give the man a chance, for
his? life, and as a result I often" ran many close .risks
by giving a warning. : Many were the heated discus
sions at the meetings of the Mollies as to who could
be warning the intended victims." -■•?:?? .-*/-'
The telephone bell rang and when he had given a
hurried "yes" over the wire he onee *■ more took up the
thread.of his story. ? ; .".•'-!*■?.
--"There is one case that' I never forget! in connec
tion with my residence among/the- Mollies. Gomer
James was a big, powerful Welshman who had be
come unpopular with certain members of the band. It
was -agreed ■ that 'he should be - killed. AH the details
for murdering him were? gone over with care, and it
was decided that he should ;be killed at the colliery
where he worked -'
"The day and the hour! had! been set., I do not
know that I was suspected, but it occurred to mc that
an extra number of Mollies were about me on the
day the .killing was: to be done. I had tried every
way. I could think/of-to be free? for a: time .to' get a
warning to James, but had failed. He had but a short
time to live and he was going about his work,.all un
thinking that 'a?man was waiting to plant a bullet in
his heart. ~ ,■ '
"I managed^at last to get out' of a side window in
-my? room and get a warning to James time. I
-Vpcrft ■ some/mighty anxious hours for the next few
days and, of .course/ was glad to know that he had
taken the .warning in time/and had : been killed.
James was proud of his* strength and was not-afraid
of any man. But he was not dealing with men; he
was dealing with a horde who struck in/ the dark.
He: forgot my warning/ or at least decided he could
care for himself, and went to a dance at Shenandoah,
where he was killed. / . k
"A meeting of the Mollies was being held at Tama
qua. There was much rejoicing! over the killing/of
James and it was decided that the man-' who had done
the killing be" rewarded with $500 for his work. Re
member?! I attended this meeting ,at Tamaqua and
all these details v were discussed in my presence. ;■■
"Thomas Hurley, a member, went to the front and
claimed the reward,; declaring*that he haM /done the
killing. He went into details and seemed to be proud
of his efforts. We were about to vote him the money
for the^hurder . when , a man named Michael Butler
astonished the meeting by declaring Hurley had not
done the killing, hut that a man named McClain was
entitled to the reward." ' "
• "A discussion: followed as to the merits of the two
'- V --"'-■ "^'r'fl'^Wfflff B'**''**'*'^^
claims. ,',- : -f;
"You would have thought by their bragging that
those two men were arguing over, the merits of a real
estate deal. McClain was not present: to tell his side
of the story, and the convention had grown so ex
cited over the discussion that it was ! decided to ap
point a committee of two to gather!all/the evidence
and then report to the convention, so that the reward
could be paid to f the man proved to be the real mur
derer. : _ ?*'* !
"I hoped that I might be- a .member of the commit
tee. I : wanted to hear/all the evidence aiyd ' listen to
the stories of the witnesses. Butler was suggested
as one member of the committee, to represent ' the
McClain following. „ Then there was fa. long pause.
Suddenly some one suggested James McKenna, my
assumed /name?: for the second member of the com/
■ mittee. I was at last to get into the very inner cir
cles-of the Mollies. The "convention agreed that I
would be- a proper; man to take .up the Hurley : side
of the case.
"The? next: Sunday - Butler'and I ■ agreed would /be
the .proper time to/hear the: merits of the case. We
notified the witnesses that we would hold court in
the-brush,near town, and all the men who knew any
thing about the actual murder of James should be
on hand. ! _ "
"Perhaps there!have been stranger committee meet
, ings than that one, but I never attended them. . The
witnesses were on hand, .and told ; their stories in
detail. There was some objection to my taking notes,;
but, fortunately, Butler agreed that it .would be a help
to us in going over the case later on.
"On that? Sunday morning, in the midst of the
thrifty •' mining . and : farming community, we ■ gathered,
and man /after! man told what he knew, or what \he
thought; he knew, of the killing of James. There
Routing Negro "Hants" With Looking Glasses
IT would ' seem! to be very difficult at this. 'ate day
to discover, anything new in the way of -negro:
superstitions, but one has' been unearthed ?in
Raleigh, N. C, which may or may not have wide
prevalence. A negro, graveyard—for' do not
use the word' cemetery at allis often a strange sort
of a place/ There is something rather barbaric about
it. In a cemetery there a great many the graves
are .covered with.' bright -;; objects, arid in one case,
where a rriari died of consumption, the earth mound is
almost covered with triangular bottles, which :once
contained medicine, bits of; looking glass being inset
here and there, so that the' effect is really dazzling.
.In another case a; grave is covered with broken
bits of looking glass, of all sorts and; shapes, and it
is this particular grave which developed the fact of
-.- ■-'■•.' *. . • ' , - , "" fr'T'illiiri J" II 'f' liOTllfi'HlMßtliml
the superstition. An aged negro was met very near
it, and conversation -began, taking quite a range.
There was some discussion of - "hants" and a story
was told regarding the appearance of 'one of these
spectres in the suburbs of Raleigh, an aged negress
«- - . ■ . < • ■ . » -»- ■■■- ■■- -
|declaring/that a little before dusk she had seen the
"hant." Here is .what, she said about it:
"I er standin' in my. poach/when I-seed er sort
uv twinkle in de element (meaning the sky) and right
dar and den' cr hant S. drapped. -'■' He flung hisself all
erbout on er. little grass mound side an ole well what
ain't" got no top, den drap down in de well, come out,
fTTV*rr -,"'"•',''• , • ," ' - ,^'i •>■-•■<:■■ ~ ■.•;'■'
ituk, off his haid, put it under one arm and den; jump t
a*mmmwMM»M,i*jm*^tadigxs>----.i -:'.--'•.',--:•:•.._---/''"..'."',"*-'-'?■ • -.
over a road into er graveyard. He didn't go by en
place whar a whole lot uv horseshoes is nailed up on
er house do. Hants an 'no other kind uv sperets kin
stan' horseshoes." [ '
The old darkey listened to this story very intently;
his eyes rolled and he said "Bless Gawd!" several
times. Then he looked about and said, "Niggers
shorely is feared uv hants. Dats why dey puts
lookin' glasses on desc here graves. Er^hant/cums;
crlong, er floating, an when he sees hisself ]in dem
glasses he goes on. He thinks (later bigger hant dan
he is er guardin' 'ginst him."
Inquiry wa*s made of the old fellow as to why he
said "hants floated," to which he replied: "Dats de
The San Francisco Sunday Call
was $500 reward remember, but, more than that;
there was the; glory of having killed James."
McParland shook his head/as he wiped his glasses
and sighed deeply.-?-•/'
"We weighed the evidence with care—at least I
took extra care," shc?continued. "That evidence I?
knew would have/to go into court later on, and I did
not want any mistakes. r ../'../'?
"When all the 'men had told their stories there was
riot/ the slightest? doubt that 'Hurley/ had been the
man who did the killing. The reward was never paid,
for the murder of two men, Sanger and Uren, caused
an added .'sensation! at that period, and the !arrests'
that followed" kept" the Mollies in?a condition of tur
moil for .some time/after/ward!
//''lt is not to be forgotten that I.had been reporting
every move of the Mollies each day to the home of
fice, sending out a statement as complete as I could
make it of everything that happened/during the day.
My evidence was piling up and my superiors were
• hard; at I work checking up and gathering the loose
ends. together for wholesale arrests.
"It can be guessed that there was something of a
sensation/when at/last I was ready to go out in the
open and march into court. The trial at Pottsville?"
?Pa.—that was the first of the trials—began on May 9,
1876, arid I had to take the witness stand.
"Perhaps I will be pardoned if I pride myself a bit
on. my memory. I have a good/ memory for dates,
"places, names and facts, and it. stood me in good stead
during the 'trials, for the defendants had a battery of
the best attorneys money could obtain to defend
them? But a detective who -wants to make his way
must not only have . good memory, but he should
train it every day, and that is what I had done.
.. "More; than seventy arrests were made in the vari
ous branches of the Mollies. Of course, many of the
leaders of the band escaped, rushing to other parts of
. the country or' back to the old country. But twenty
three men were sentenced to the gallows and some
two score sent to state prison.
"I have lost?track; of the number of attempts that
were made to put me out of the way. Efforts were
made to poison me, throw me down mine shafts, blow
me up with dynamite, shoot and stab me, but I kept
close watch and was fortunate in escaping with my
life. >-_ t ' /■/'/? " ?-"
"The trial of the captured members of the Molly
Maguires was a 'sensation; in the newspapers of the
day. There was much- effort made during the entire
period of the case to work up sympathy for the men
on trial.. Meetings were held in New York and other
parts of the country and Archbishop Wood was criti
cised for joining Mr. Gowen in sending me to collect
evidence against the murderers. Some unthinking
persons said he should have sent missionaries to tell
the men how wrong it was to kill a fellow being."
For the . first time the famous. detective showed
-signs of anger and he clenched his fist as ;he ex
claimed: "If those who talked this way could have
gone into the meetings of the Molly Maguires; if theju.
could have heard the bloodthirsty threats, boasts'
and discussions, they would have realized that they
were not encountering real humans. I often think
that murder of a fellow being meant no more to many
of those men than merely shooting a rabbit. In fact,
it seemed sport to some of them, who were the most
depraved. We have men of this type today, but for
real downright cruelty I never met the equal to some
of/the Mollies of the '70s. ! :
"When/ 'Jack* Kehoe, who was called by some of
the Mollies 'the King,' was found guilty of murder in
the first degree it was a big sensation. Thomas
Puffy? also convicted of murder in the first degree,
was perhaps the boldest arid most defiant member of
the band. made a hard fight for his freedom, for
he hot only had money but he also had brains.
"This is but a brief outline of some of the points in
connection with the Molly /Maguires. There arc
scores of other incidents where I ran close races with
deathstories of some of the most awful murders by
knife,-dynamite and gun. /
"Detectives are often held up to public inspection
for their work. I pride myself for the part I; took
in this case. I was working for law !and order. A
dangerous band,of! twenty-five hundred men had gone
into the wholesale business of killing their fellows.
Certainly no one can/find fault with a/man who would
use every power within his knowledge to clear a
great commonwealth of'these rassassins."
way dcy gits. erbout. Dcy don't walk an dey hain't
got: no whings. so dey jus'! floats. **Dey kin go high ..
an 'low, but .dcy~mos'?/girinerly goes close ter de
groun'." • ■ ' v., v-. .- . .
Another bit of superstition developed in the same?
graveyard, where on a grave mound there is a child'ajr /
chair, with a ' plate i and eating utensils on it. The old
man said about this: "Dat chair an' dcm eatin' things
is put dar so dat when de speret comes it can: git
sump'in't'eat." - ? '■■''*.
When surprise was expressed that spirits had appe
tites? the old negro/went on ?to say ! "Hants don't cat
.riuthinVbutsperets dey do. Dey gits hongry, jes like
I you and me, and folks in gincral." '. - '
.... , -■..-;•;.:., ». ( -•*■;:;.:- . - ■ ■ -*,»:-." : -.--:.;.: '.'...
THE SQUIRRELS' TEAM WORK
THE members of an outing /expedition in New
England while tenting in a grove near a glen
witnessed an incident that seemed to show a friendly ;
understanding' among squirrels. .
The' members; had /just/finished their dinner, but
were still "at table," when a squirrel with glistening,
eager eyes came creeping down a tree that stood .
;near./He"crept- nearer and nearer,- and finally leaped
upon the improvised table. -% '
-/ Seeing that the woman who/was presiding.at, table
extended him a silent invitation to help himself: to,
what he might like, the little fellow made bold .to
creep up to?a loaf of bread from which only a slice or
two had been cut. He seized, it and dragged it to the
side of the table and somehow managed to scramble
down the side with it to the ground. He then fixed
his teeth in the crust and dragged it away and down
the steep sides of the glen. ......
But when he reached the bottom and, confronted .
the steep rise on the other side it, was too much for
him.- Then he gave a sort of call, which seemed to d
be understood, for soon -squirrels were teen coming"^
from several directions. They crowd*! around him,
and after a little conference all took hold, and with
tug and 'straini they managed to bring the loaf to the
top of the hill and, disappeared with it in the woods
bei'ond. v ■ • . ; - . , .v,..

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