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COMMENT AND OPINION LET'S sit down and have a Sunday talk. No, indeed, ray dear sir—no, my dear madam —no one is compelled to listen; the talker must talk*—'tis nominated in the bond—but listening is not stipulated, and you shall do as you please. This is a free country. And since it is rest day and a day to be thankful, let us thank what ever power it pleases us to thank that that commonplace of daily speech is a splendid, vital truth; that we do live in a free country; that we are free men and women, and that our dear country is so worthy of the love of loyal, manly, womanly, true hearts. The other day I read something wTitten by a writer employed by one of the other newspapers here—l hope he is not an American by blood—something in the nature of a sneer at what he styled the "narrow patriotism" of those who prefer the happiness and the honor of their native land above the honor and happiness of all oiher lands. I should not like to have a brain so capacious or a heart so big that the land of my birth and of my father's father's birth did not fill with loyal love both brain and heart too full for room for the love of any other land—other than the good will which every right minded man bears to all his fellows in all the earth. * w * My copy of Burns has page indexes in boldface type set in the margin. It chances that the two last verses of "The Cotter's Satur day Night" "break over," as the men of my trade say, in the middle of a verse, and so the index on page 92 reads "True Piety" and the index on the opposite page reads "A Prayer for Scotland," and if ever a great and loving and religious heart prayed a heartfelt prayer for his own country, that prayer concludes the most beautiful poem which the lofty and magnanimous soul Of Robert Burns meditated: O, thou, who poured the patriotic tide, That streamed through Wallace's undaunted heart, Who dared to nobly stem tyrannic pride Or nobly die, the second glorious part— <The patriot's God peculiarly thou art, His friend, inspirer. guardian and reward), O. never, never Scotia's realm desert, But still the patriot and the patriot bard In bright succession raise, her ornament and guard! Amen, Robbie, man! And while waves the bright St. Andrew's cross above the heads of Scottish men, brave heart—so leal and true —the patriot Scot will hail your patriot verse as Scotland's peculiar, glorious, noblest ornament. There is a certain school which holds that the old fashioned lessons of patriotism should not be taught; which would not have the flags unfurled on holidays, nor the boys taught soldierly duties, nor the girls told gallant tales of adventure in battle and war. The late Mr. Haven-sever belonged to this school. He was severe in his condemnation of "narrow patriotism." It was from his surviving partners, you will recollect, that the government, no long time ago, collected a million or more dollars which this great soul had had his employes steal from the public treasury by the slightly vulgar method of using false weights on all their scales. Of course, not every con demner of his country's heroic wars and dear flag would steal; but neither would a man who truly held in honor his country and his flag stoop to cheat that country. For patriotism is the sister of all the virtues. And it is right to breed manly boys who can defend ! their mother land, and right to breed brave girls fit to be the wives of men who will fight when the bugles of the republic call her sons to her defense. * * ♦ The law of the universe is the law of struggle; and in the riddle of Samson are summed up the eternal decrees; for still out of the eater shall come forth meat, and out of strength sweetness—for ever and forever repeating, from fulfillment to fulfillment, the Divine Purpose. This imminent, unescapable, eternal law is obeyed every instant, alike by the suns in their stupendous orbits and the infinitesimal atoms colliding in ceaseless hostility under the microscope of the observing scientist. It expresses itself to our senses every instant in the phenomena of contract, without which there would be no conscious life possible to us—in the sweet and the bitter, in sickness' and health, in pain and pleasure. Always and everywhere violence and struggle and war are the unvarying phenomena of the physical and spiritual creation—death struggling with life, love with hate, light with darkness, Ahrimann with Ormuzd, gods with devils, man with man, beast with beast, plant with plant, atom with atom. It is the law of our being, to which we owe it that we have ascended, by millions of little steps, here a little and there a little, from mere protoplasmic ooze to the high intellectual estate of the race of man. We can not, by taking resolution, detach ourselves from the universal frame of things and view, from an impossible Nirvana, the workings of that tremendous law under which the whole creation groans and travails in its pain. Having in us, mayhap, some far oft', faint touch of the Divine Essence, we arc still brothers and sisters to the clod; and knit by every fiber of our beings to that confused and tangled mass of struggling entities, physical and spiritual, which all about and above and beneath us fight one another to the death. * * * And as it is with the plant, with the flower, with the beast, with man. so it is with nations, with groups of men. War and fighting are the natural results of our being. We dedicate altars to the Prince of Peace, and rich men erect splendid temples of arbitration; and with the bells of each birthday of that same Prince of Peace, newer and more deadly and more terribly formidable armaments cover land and sea; and a few forgotten jurisconsults nod in the deserted halls where the disputes of the nations were to have been settled. The spear may some time be beaten into a plowshare and the sword curved as a sickle, but there is no sign of the dawn of that promised millenium reddening the skies. * « * This is the riddle of the universe, and its meaning I do not know, nor do you. For the answer is so far off that no man can read it. And, if you will hear it, 1 will repeat a part of a noble poem which I like well, in which my Lord Tennyson expresses his helplessness as he stands face to face with this sphinx of all the ages: O, yet we trust that somehow good Will be the final goal of ill, To pangs of nature, sins of will, Defects of doubt and taints of blood; That nothing walk 3 with aimless feet. That not one life shall be destroyed, Or cast as rubbish to the void When God hath made the pile complete; That not a worm is cloven in vain. That not a moth with vain desire Is shriveled in a fruitless fire, Or but subserves another's gain. Behold, we know not anything: T can but trust that good shall fall At last—far off— at last, to all. And every winter change to spring. So runs* my dream—but what am I? An infant crying in the night. An infant crying for the light, And with no language but a cry. Are God and Nature then at strife That Nature leads such evil rlro.tTn^ ~ So careful of the type she seems, So careless of the single life, That I, considering everywhere. licr secret meanings in her deeds, And finding that of fifty seeds She often brings but one to bear. PHIL FRANCIS EDITORIAL PAGE OF THE CALL! Sunday Sports in California—No. 2 Preparing to Catch the Picnic Train I falter where I firmly trod. And falling with my weight of cares Upon the world's great altar stairs, That slope through darkness* up to God, I stretch lame hands of faith and grope And gather dust and chaff, and call To what I feel is Lord of all. And faintly trust the larger hope. * * * The altruists dream an impossible dream, because Nature is not altruistic. She is a stern and harsh mother, who bids all her creatures to eat or be eaten. We may abhor the truth, but the truth remain?, nor can we escape the imperative decree. Look about you and see the proof. The philosophy of Jesus is the creed of millions upon millions. The essence of that philosophy is to turn the cheek which is not smitten to the smiter. And who does it? And what is the reward of him who, being struck in anger and insult, does not return blow for blow and fight while he can see and stand to fight? The brand of the coward, the contempt of men and the scorn of women —that is his reward the earth over. No, we are not, and are not meant to be, a nonresistant race. Battle and foray and siege, muttering drums and whining fifes, steel ringing on steel, flags that sway and bend in the swirl of the charge and the bold troopers cheering as they ride into the fight—those are the tales which shall be read with weeping and laughter when the dust of us all has blown about in the winds of ten thousand years to come. Love and war, valor and faith, these twain speak, as with the voices of the trumpets of God, to the instincts of the human heart; and the hearts of men will hear and will follow where the voices call as long as there are men to fight and love and women to love and to be won by the dandy fighting man. . ■■• * * And now a gallant, glorious, exultant hymn of courage and good hope, made by a great soul, and we will go our ways. And I hope it has done us no harm to linger a little while, in a time of so much weak and enervating sentimentalism, in the company of heroes and mighty men: And hail once more to the banner of battle unrolled! Tho' many a light .shall darken, and many shall weep For those that are crushed in the clash of jarring claims, Yet God's just wrath shall be wreaked on a giant liar, And many a darkness into the light shall leap, And shine in the sudden making of splendid names, And noble thought be freer under the sun, And the heart of a people beat with one desire For the peace I deemed no peace is over and done. And now by the side of the Black and Baltic deep. ' And deathful grinning mouths of the fortress, flames The blood red blossom of war with a heart of fire! Let it flame or fade, and the war roll down like a wind, We have proved we have hearts in a cause, we are noble still, And myself have awaked, as it seems, to the better mind. It is better to fight for the good than to rail at the ill; 1 have felt with my native land, I am one with my kind— I embrace the purpose of God, and the doom assigned. CANTICLE TO THE SUN Written by St. Francis of Assisi j English Version of Matthew Arnold rit has been suggested by Rt. Rev. William Ford Nichols, bishop of th© Episcopal church of California, that this hymn be Gft to music and sung* by a chorus of magnificent voices during the Panama-Pacific exposition, as tiie hymn of San Francisco, as it was the hymn of San Francisco's patron saint). "O most high, almighty, good Lord fiod, to Thee belong the praise, glory, honor and all blessings; "Praised be our Lord, for our brother (be wind, and for air and cloud, calms .-ml all weather, by the which Thou :iph«Mest in life all creatures. •'Praised be m*r Lord for our sister ivater, who is very serviceable unto us, 1 and humble, and precious, and clean. •'Praised be my Lord for our brother Are. through whom Thou givest us light In the darkness; and he is bright, and pleasant, and very mighty, and strong. "Pralaed be my ¥,ord for our mother i the earth, tbe which doth sustain us and keep ns, and brlugeth forth divers i fruits and flowers of many colors, and I sraes. "Praised be my Lord for all those , who pardon one another for His love's I sake, and who endure weakness and tribulations; blessed are they wfco peaceably shall endure, for Thou, O mos-t Highest, shall give them a crown.* Bit's of Humor He Knew Young Bachelor—-I often wonder if I'm making enough money to get mar ried on. Old Benedick—Well, I don't know how much you're making, but you aren't.—London Opinion. "Sinews of War" New Yorker (at country hotel)— An ybody here that plays poksr? Olerk—Plenty of 'em—if you don't mind lending 'em a dollar or two to start with.—Life. Sure Proof "He pretends to be a very busy man." "By Jinks, there's no pretense about It. He supports a wife and seven chil dren on a salary of $60 a month."— Chicago Record-Herald. Putting Him Off Borrows—Say, old man, I'm badly In need of a V or two. Holdtite—Well, you'll find plenty of them in the dictionary.—Boston Tran script. A Strait Texas teacher of Infant geography class—John Mace may tell us what a strait Is. John Mace—lt'a jus' th' plain stuff, "thout nothln* in it.—Judge. Persons in the News i WILLIAM H. DAVIS, chief cotinsel for the Pa j <in> Mutual Life of Los Angles, arrived here yesterday with Mrs. Davis and registered at 11 the St. Francis. Before tbe fire Paris was prominent in local politics:, supporting John S. Partridge ln his three cornered fight against Daniel E. Ryan and Rehmitz. At that time he was attorney for the harbor commission, but on the retirement of the members of that board he moved with the headquarters of his conjpanj* to Los Angeles. * * * CAPTAIN WILLIAM R. SMEDBERG, Four teenth UattM States cavalry, who has been en- Joying a visit M his former station at the Pre sidio of Monterey, registered at the Palace yesterday. His father Colonel W. R. Smed berg. who died about, a year ago, was one of the leading insurance men of this city and bore a distinguished record as a veteran of the civil war. * * * MRS. BEVERLY MacMONAGLE. widow of the well known physician who died recently in Paris returned her<» yesterday, accompanied by her son. Pouglas. She has engaged apartments at the Fairmont and will make ber home there for the present. * * * DR. B. M. BILBERMARK, the celebrated surgeon of Vienna, and his equally distinguished wife, who also is a medical practitioner, returned yesterday from their visit to the Yosemite and are installed once more in their apartments at the St. Francis. * # * FRANK L. CROCKER of New York, a cousin of the Crocker family of this city, arrived here yesterday to attend the wedding of Miss Jen nie Crocker to Malcolm Whitman of Boston. He is at the St. Francis. * * * J. W. WILLIAMSON, a contractor of Santa Bar bara. Is a guest at the Union Square. J. B. Tibbot a mining engineer of Los Angeles, is also reglbtered there. tk . ja . Vja MR. AND MRS. ALFRED HARRELL of Bakers field are guests at the Fairmonr. Harrell is the publisher of one of the leading dailies in the oil city. * * # JT. S. HENNESSY, an attorney of Grass Valley, is a recent arrival at the Argonaut, accompa nied by Mrs. Hennessy. * # ■* D. A. SKIR3LE of Cannonsbarg. Pa., where he Is manager of a department store, registered at the Bellevue yesterday. * # * FRANK LACKNER, civil engineer of the ET. K. Porter Locomotive works, Pittsburg, Pa, la at the Bellevue. * » * C. A. CULL, associated with several mining com panies in Nevada, is registered at the Argonaut from Reno. * * * MS. AND MRS. MONTAGUE THRIESE of Charleston, S. C, registered at the St. Francis yesterday. * * # DR. A. J. STUART, a physician of Vancouver, B. 0., and Mrs. Stuart, are at tbe Argonaut. * # # A, R. THOMAS Jr. of Philadelphia was among the arrivals of yesterday at the Fairmont. *)■'■:. *tf -v.-., M) MR. AND MRB. J. WILLIAMS of Salinas are among tbe recent arrivals at the Court. * * * COMMODORE T. P. MACK, a capitalist of In dianapolis, Is registered at the Turpln. * # * X. L. MAY, manager of a dry goods store at Spreckels, is a guest at the Argonaut. * # # J, P. SAUMGARTNEB* a merchant of Santa Ana, Is registered at the Argonaut. * * # O. D. BREWER and family of Marshall, Ore., are registered at the Court. * * * J, T. SULLIVAN, a liveryman of Colusa, is a guest at the Argonaut. * * * 7. D. CORNALL, an attorney of Sacramento. Is at the Arlington, * # * MR. AND MRS. C. J. WOOD of VacaviUe are at the Arlington. * '■''#"*• D. Fv GITTMAN of Klamath Falls is a guest at tbe Baldwin. * * * MR. AND MRS. L. LATZ of Modesto are at the Sutter. * ♦ * MISS J. WALKER of Denver is at the Harcourt * # * 7. C. HIBBARD of Riverside is at the Turpln. * * # DR. J. 8. MINOR of Eureka Is at tbe Sutter. The Insider Tells how Daniel T. Murphy (who is in the social register) refused to take a bull terrier out of the parlor car en route to Burlingame, although the adamantine rules or the S. P. prohibit animals there. " "~ ...._.. mfTTnnuv ortt/s arrnrdil Man Just Looked On x\J p ° cIL Bhm Unn ." (whatever all that may mean-the Insider didn't have time to find out. beyond that indicate some high class social attainment), rode to Burhngame recently m the parlor car of the S. P. (which is not a club initial). At his feet was curled up a prize winning specimen of the bull terrier CliS A trainman came through the car and espied the creature, which, accord ing to S. P. rules, should have been in the baggage car ahead. "How did this dog get in here?" he demanded of Murphy, who was casually reading a newspaper. Murphy paid no attention to the mU twa man, even when he shouted, "You'll have to take h.m mto the smoker or the Murphy turned the sheet again. The trainman, more vociferously, re peated his ultimatum. "No, I won't," replied Murphy, unruffled. Then the conductor came. The train was out of the tunnels by this time and the impudent dog yawned in the face of the blue uniformed train crew as the conductor and brakesman insisted that Murphy remove the Murphy was firm. The other passengers in the car dropped their tantting and attended to the affair. A young man seated directly behind Murphy was particularly amused by the situation, but took no part in it. The train sped on past Baden, and the trainmen insisted that Mnrphy remove the dog, and Murphy insisted that he would not. Occasionally the terrier yawned, disclosing teeth, so the trainmen stood on their caution, Murphy on his dignity. As the train slowed up for Burlingame Murphy arose and gave the dog a friendly pat. V< T "It's no use arguing the point any further," he explained. "This Is* where I get off. But as for the dog, he's not mine, I never saw him before. The smiling young man in the seat behind, who theretofore had said nothing, arose also. "Here, pup," he said, "we get off here, too." * * * On the day that the clubwomen recently in Joe Cumming Awed convention here were taken to the expo- With Arboreal Lore s - t * on s * te to p i ant and dedicate a tree to the general federation, Joseph 11. Cumming, assistant secretary of the expo sition company and secretary to President Charles C. Moore, was assigned to represent the latter at the tree planting exercises. His speech of welcome was* a forensic gem, interspersed at intervals with reference to the tree by long Latin botanical names. Joe knew more tree names than Burbank; he awed the delegates with knowledge arboreal. m Cumming was complimented upon his speech, and particularly upon the extent of his unsuspected knowledge of botany. He accepted the honor gracefully until the secret leaked out. He had prepared for the speech by looking up in a dictionary the technical Latin names of all the common varieties of trees he could think of, had coupled them together indiscrimi nately and then had heaped them all in one volley upon the little laurel tree that had been selected for the occasion. * * * "Charter" Stephens Charles A. Stephens, chief boarding officer 9 at this port, in the department of customs, Paid $3 Duty for . recently reC eived a package from the orient. There was $3 duty on it. which he, as a worthy subordinate to the collector of the port, cheerfully paid. "Some friend in China has sent me a remembrance." thought Stephens. Mrs. Stephens had been traveling in the orient, and the boarding officer associated the gift, which he presumed was in the package, in some way with the tour of his wife through China, for the package was from longkong, sent, from a hotel where Mrs. Stephens had stopped. With a genial cling in his heart for all his friends, the boarding officer opened the package 1 which he had paid $3 duty. In it he found two brass hatpins, valued at i cents, which Mrs. Stephens had discarded in a Hongkong hotel, and which id been forwarded by a too conscientious management. All honor to the tstoms appraisers for the ad valorum duty on the 50 cent hatping! JOHN QUINCY ADAMS Author of "At Good Old Slwash" OX this date John Quincy Adams, sixth president of the United States, was born in Massachu setts. His namo js not a household word and his face does not appear on any postage stamp. Yet no American ever stirred up more 111 feeling dur ing his life or was busier doing it or had a larger public career or more pa triotism to the square inch or con tributed more ancestors and descend ants to "Who's Who in America." Adams was an infant prodigy. The Adams' had been great people for several generations, and when John Quincy was born in 1767, his father. John, was helping to form the United States of America, and was already thinking out a few hasty remarks to make when he became president. John Quincy Adams was a learned man at 10, and was secretary to an embassy to Russia at 15. He was a small, pale lad with a head like a planet, and he kept on stuffing it with Latin and po litical economy and history until when he graduated from Harvard people used to verify their encyclopedias by him. John Quincy was a born Insurgent and attacked everything violently and ably. He went into politics early and became an ambassador, a special commissioner and a senator, insurging himself out of office each time with great cheerfulness. Later he taught rhetoric ln Harvard and did odd jobs such as writing treaties and doing cabinet work under Monroe. He was universally admired for his learning and the way in which his vast polished dome of reason got pink and flushed while he fed nine syllabled eloquence to his opponents, and in 1824 he was elected president by one vote. His old father, who had been president a quar ter of a century before, had hung , (Copyright, 1912. br G ANSWERS TO QUERIES CONGRESSMAN—R. E. M., Vallejo. Must a representative to congress be a resident of the district which be represents? J. H. Zemansky, registrar of voters for San Francisco, says that he need not be. and that the only qualification as to residence for a representative in congress is that found in the United States constitution, whtch says: "No person shall be a representative who shall not have attained to the age of 25 years and been seven years a citi zen of the United States, and who shall not, when elected, be an inhabitant of that state in which he shall be chosen." FLAG AT HALF MAST—F. H.. City. How should the flag be raised on Memorial day. morn ing and afternoon? ( According to the regulations of the United States army and navy: At sunrise the flag is raised to the mast head and Immediately lowered to half mast, where it remains till noon, when it is again raised to the mast head and floats till sunset, when it is again lowered to half mast, once more raised to the mast head and finally lowered. *^* M m m m *****''** — — - JULY 14, 1912 GEORGE FITCH around until he was past 90 tor the sake of conducting his son to the White House, and he died happy the next year. John Quincy Adams served four years with great conscientiousness and no tact, standing firmly for everything nobody else wanted, and making ene mies with almost inconceivable ardor. He was defeated for re-election by an enormous majority, but did not mind it, having long been accustomed to de feat. He didn't sit around waiting for the people to decide what to do with their ex-president, but at once plunged into a new political career, going to congress on an abolition platform. He served 17 years and dropped dead IS4B in the middle of his 1187 th speech against the slave traffic. John Quincy Adams is famous chiefly as a man who was willing at any time to be clubbed over the head because of his principles. He is also growing in fame constantly as an an cestor. His sons and grandsons be came famous, and the Adams' are still asked to sit on the stage at all public gatherings in Massachusetts, eorge Matthew Adamsl LABOR DAV-M. O . Oakland. How long have the laboring classes observed Labor day and how long has it been a legal holirtay? The first Labor day parade was held in New York city Monday September 4, 1882. It is a legal holiday in all the states and the districts of Columbia &.nd Alaska. In Louisiana it i* »«jcu a day only in Orleans pa/ish. ane» in Wyoming only on proclamation of the governor. The date of the declaration of the day as a legal holiday varies In the differ ent states. In California it was so de clared by the legislature of 1893. * * * SIX DIAL—F. H.. City. On what dava of the year does the sun dial Indicate the co?recf tbxel Are the days the same every year? The correct time is noted on a sun dial every year on the same dates, that is on April 15, June 14, September 1 and December 25. T* * * # T TOBACCO—A. S. X CltT Ta th*..'... a nicotinic tobacco prepared for the market? fa No. Denicotinized tobacco would be about as good tobacco as would be straw.