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VOLUME cxn.—NO. in. I
Vocational Schools for San Francisco Leading Educators Inaugurate Movement JUVENILES WILL BE TRAINED TO TILL GOOD JOBS Plans Modeled on Boston Insti tution ; Pupils Pursue Work Suited for Them Heeding the voice of democracy in education that is represented by the thousands of children who leave school at the ages of 14 and 15 years without any definite preparation for the re quirements of industry, a movement was launched in San Francisco last night for the establishment of voca tional schools on the plan worked out ln Boston. At a meeting of leading educators and social workers in the St. Francis hotel Meyer Bloomfield. head of the vocational bureau In the Massachusetts * city, whose visit here has been the in spiration for the new movement among Pan Francisco teachers, gave a graphic account of the success attained ln Bos ton and urged his hearers to unite in furthering plans for the establishment of a similar system here. When the meeting was closed, Dr. A. A. D'Ancona, president of the board of education, announced amid applause that either the board of education or the mayor would be asked immediately to appoint a commission to make the preliminary investigations and report in such time as to enable the school de partment to proceed on a scentlfle basis. The meeting, which included the prin cipals of nearly all the schools in the city, showed great enthusiasm over the ideas advanced hy the speaker. Briefly, the Boston plan as described by Bloomfield is a departure not only from the old system of academic edu cation, but from the compromise be tween the academic and the utilitarian as it is found in many of the most ad vanced schools of the day. It cuts straight through the academic system, going by the shortest route to tiie equation of the boy and the job. Nothing could be more direct. By Bloomfield's theory education must be utilitarian—not incidentally, but pri marily—for the sake of the 99 per cent of the boys and girls of modern America who do not reach the plane of the "higher education." BASED ON HIGHEST IDEALS Bloomfield says the theory is neither crass nor lacking In ideals, but on the other hand represents the highest ideals, in that it provides a means for public education to do the greatest good for the greatest number. "We are not teaching them how to get rich," he said, "nor are we teaching them how to succeed. We are teaching them how to get on to their jobs. We are trying to safeguard employers from unprepared youth, as well as prevent the stagnation of youthful energy by directing it In proper channels for the good of the Individual." He assailed the present system of education as short sighted and out of date for the good of all the people. Vocational training, he said, must take the place ln the grade schools of the studies that have formed the principal part of the curriculum since public education commenced. Opening his ad dress, he said: "We are not here to find fault with the school or with the teacher. The school is only the expression of the community's intelligence, and will ad vance just as fast as the community will permit. Public sentiment regulates the progress. "At present, under the old system, W« are dealing with the mass of pupils, not with the individual child. We are at work educating a hypothetical child on a plan that contemplates his con tinuance through the high school and the college. But a change must come when we stop to consider that only one out of 400 ever goes to college, while a great majority of the others stop be fore they reach the high school. "Sometimes it is charged that voca tional education—industrial training— is intended to supplant culture. Some educators of the old school declare It . will drive out the heritage of the age's in learning and the arts. This Is not true. There is no conflict, because those who elect to pursue the so called cul tural studies have not only the same opportunity as before, but improved conditions under which to work. FOB BOYS AND GIRLS "Many people believe that our whole school system is planned for those lucky ones who are able to take advan tage of the full course from the begln . ning clear through to the end of the university or technical school, and that the vocational schoul is only a dump heap for the stupid and weak minded and defective. "In our experience ln Boston we have learned how much In error they are. Our vocational schools reach boys and girls the other schools can. not hold, because we give them work that is in teresting enough and practical enough to appeal to them. Many there are book-dull and consequently laggards in the ordinary school room, but they are bright in "doing." By that I mean that with tools to work with under proper direction they learn quickly with their hands, and as It becomes necessary for them to know arithmetic or reading they pick it up without difficulty, be cause it has become, part of their plan. "There are no intellectual require ments for admission ln our vocational schools. Given a child with good health, we proceed to do justice to the variety of human nature. We start with shop work—self-discovery -work, I call It— that attracts them and draws them out, They learn as they work and at the same time they are kept interested. In such a way they get the kind of educa tion that sticks. "In planning our vocational schools, we wanted to reach three separate groups. First, there were those whom we wanted to hold ln school a little longer than they would have stayed under the old system. The second group Includes those who have gone to work and can't come back to school, and third, we wanted to reach those who were studying for a vocation but without knowing whether there was a field for them when they had finished their course. WITHIN REACH OF ALL "The vocational school reaches the first group without much ■ difficulty. With the second It was difficult to know whether to have night schools or half day sessions, but eventually, with the assistance of several employers, we brought boys and girls Into the voca tional schools for special training six or eight hours a week. "With the help of the vocational bureau we were able to reach the third group. This bureau in Boston has made an exhaustive study of the opportuni ties presented ln various industries and trades. It has reported on such ques- j Meyer Bloomfield, head of vocational bureau in Boston, mho is giving local educators the benefit of his ideas for a similar movement here. tlons as those of health, strain, fatigue, monotony, chance for advancement and the like, with the result that it has been able to direct the pupils in their ambitions. "We found one whole class of col ■ ored girls studying stenography. I asked a prominent business man what chance a colored girl had to get a po sition as stenographer in Boston and he said there was absolutely no chance. | They were persuaded to take up other j studies. "Another thing we hare tried to do is to give the girl a chance. The girl Is a tragic thing in our schools today. She Is not looked upon either as a bread winner or as a home maker, while in fact she is both. It used to be thought that there was no use teaching her a trade as she was ex pected to marry within three or four years. But they don't marry, and their average period of working life Is gowing longer and longer. "There is a demand for cooks, and I lam glad to say that we are beginning jto make Boston see that occupations i such as that of cook, which used to be called menial, are no longer menial. It takes brains to cook, and eventually the lowly occupation will evolve Into a profession. "Not only the children who are not privileged to go through the whole I school course need to choose a vocation. j There is just as much waste and stupid I conventionality on the side of the high school and college as there is in the I lower schools. The result of our expe- I rlence in Boston has been that the high CREDITS DIVERTED BY CONTINENTAL The last witness for the state in the preliminary hearing of Wiliam Corbin, the accused secretary of the Continent al Building and Loan association, was placed on the stand yesterday after noon In Judge Deasy's court, and after a short examination. Assistant District Attorney Cotton announced that the defense could begin. An adjournment was taken until next Monda-y after noon at 2 o'clock, when Attorney Gavin McNab, who represents Corbin, will have a number of witnesses in court- J. B. Hassett. the special auditor who examined the books of the concern early in the summer, testified that prior to 1907 the Continental had fig ured the principal repayments on def inite contract loans properly, but that since 1907 the borrowers had received only one-half of the credits that should have been given them. He said that the semi-annual credits had been skipped entirely on at least three oc casions since 1907. •Both Hassett and J. L. Fields, sec retary of the state building and loan commission, were asked many highly technical questions by McNab and his assistant. Attorney R. P. Henshall, but the lawyers failed to shake the earlier testimony of the witnesses. The bankruptcy hearing in the Con tinental case, which was to have come up before Referee A. B. Kreft yester day morning, was postponed one week at the request of attorneys for the pe titioners. ESTATE OF JACOB MARX DWINDLES TO NOTHING j Deceased Stock Broker Was Be lieved to Be Wealthy An estate believed to have be.en worth 1170,000 In the life time of Jacob Marx, a stockbroker of this city, was revealed as having dwindled to nothing, when Attorney Towne yesterday in formed Judge Graham that diligent search had been made of Marx's safety deposit vaults and little trace of his fortune found. Marx bequeathed his property to sisters in Germany but only $3,090 was discovered and the court ordered this sum, less $427 for administrator's expenses, distributed pro rata among creditors of the es tate. Marx was believed to have been wealthy and it is known that he Inher ited $100,000 from his brotheTT David Marx, a dry goods merchant, ln 1»07. What became of the money could not be ascertained, according to Attorney Towne. • A Tempting Package of Home-Made Candy ; "Home-Made Specials"—there's a sat isfying: variety in each box—taffies, I fudges, creamy and brittle kinds, and caramels, too. Geo. Haas & i-ons' four candy stores. * ' THE SAN FRANCISCO CALL • - » schools have a better grade of students than ever before. It is due to intelli gent selection on the part of the pupil, who chooses a particular branch of study, not because his friends are there, | but because it fits in with his life j work." j PLEA TO EDUCATORS Closing his address, Bloomfield made | a plea to his audience of teachers for I "educational statesmanship." "Adopt a place for vocational educa- I tion," he said, "and then you can go to the industries and men who take your j product and say: 'We are fitting the ! boy for the job, now you fit the job ; for the boy.' " Doctor D'Ancona of the board of edu i cation is enthusiastically in favor of tiie plan, and said that it probably would lead to radical modifications of \ the curriculum of the public schools of i San Francisco. On the commission to \be appointed, he said, there will be j representatives of the employing class, ! the labor unions, school department j and social and philanthropic workers. This commission will make a scien ! tiflc study of vocations In Sart Fran | Cisco, with a view of determining what i the opportunities are for boys and girls leaving school at an early age, and on this study will Ire based a report set ting forth the necessary changes In the school system to meet conditions. Bloomfield addressed the downtown committee of the Chamber of Commerc, at its luncheon at the St. Franciso on the same subject earlier in the day, and his plan was accorded a hearty approval. TARGET PRACTICE DISTRACTS DINERS While the world's fair officials were entertaining the commissioners of Japan at luncheon at the Cliff house yesterday heavy cannonading inter rupted the speeches at intervals and distracted the attention of the military men present. It was the annual target practice of the coast artillery corps at Fort Winfleld Scott. The target was plainly visible from the cafe windows and the accuracy with which almost every shot pierced the moving object brought smiles to the officers present. The Twenty-ninth company, under Captain Philip Yost, and the Sixty seventh company, under Lieutenant Raymond E. Lee, were engaged with the 10 inch and 12 Inch guns at ex treme ranges. The first shots fell short, but the gunners got on the mark at last and sent one shot straight through the big triangle being towed by the army tug Barrett. Practice at the post will continue throughout this week and next, during which time all the fortifications in the artillery dis trict of San Francisco will participate. The Magnin Special $3.95 Silk Skirt A "Magnin Specialty"— which means that it is an instance of exceptional value. It is not to be judged by its price. You have paid $5.00 and $6.00 for skirts in no way superior. The quality and workmanship of our $3.95 Special is such that it will fulfill the re quirements of the most exacting purchaser, re gardless of its cost. Shown in more than a hundred different shades and colors, in high grade, serviceable silks, thor oughly tailored. Grant Are. and Geary St. ELECTION CONTEST INVOLVES A WOMAN Commissioner Hare Accused of Compelling Annie L. Potter to Drink Primary Day That Election Commissioner John P. Hare used his official power to compel Mrs. Annie L. Potter, an election officer In his precinct to go to a saloon and drink with him on last primary day, was one of the startling allegations of James H. Ferren in his answer filed yesterday to Hare's contest of the nom ination of Ferren on the democratic ticket in the 23d senatorial district. Ferren also charges that Mrs. Potter claimed that Hare was drunk and dis orderly In the election booth, abused her and vilified her. After specific de nial of Hare's affidavit that Ferren was nominated through a miscount of votes and through conspiracy on the part of Ferren and Thomas F. Finn, Ferren asks that the courts decree him the democratic nominee of the 23d district. Ferren denies Senator Hare's charge that Mrs. Potter passed out Ferren elec tion cards to voters in the booth where she was employed as election officer. He also denies that Mrs. Potter had said to j him that she was instructed to give out the pasteboards by Finn and John C. j Cullen, a Finn lieutenant. Ferren says that he believes that the ! registrar of voters acted at the direc tion and on request of Hare, when he cited Mrs. Potter to appear at the city hall September 16 to face complaints. !He adds that when Mrs. Potter did ap pear Hare absented himself purposely. It is set forth that Mrs. Potter demand ed an investigation of the conditions in the precinct booth and that the woman stated that Hare, notwithstanding the fact that he was election commissioner, was drunk and disorderly. Ferren adds that he believes her statement to be true. Ferren states that Hare told Mrs. Potter that he was her superior officer and offered to take her to a saloon and buy her a drink. He then says: "Believing she was compelled to fol low the request and direction of her su perior she did, against her will, accom pany him to a saloon." The respondent denies any complicity with Finn to filch the democratic nom ination from Hare and also denies Hare's charge that he intends to leave for New York to stay until after elec tion, so that Finn, the republican nom inee, may have a walkover ln the dis trict. Besides asking the courts to confirm his nomination, Ferren asks court costs. BANK HALES SECRETARY OF STATE INTO COURT Refusal to File Modified Incor poration Papers Is Cause T. C. Togna-zzlni. on behalf of the board of directors of the Swiss-Ameri j can bank, which, August 10 last, dis solved, petitioned the supreme court yesterday for a write of mandamus to j compel Secretary of State Frank C. i Jordan to accept and file the amended j articles of incorporation of the bank i company. The supreme court issued an \ alternative writ returnable S-eptem , ber 30. When the Swiss-American bank de cided to consolidate with the Anglo- California Trust corripany the directors passed a resolution amending the ar ticles of incorporation shortening the term of existence of the company to three years from August 10, 1909, When the directors attempted to file a certified copy of the amendment with the secretary of state they were re fused permission to do so, "ln the ab sence of any provision of law authoriz ing a corporation to reduce or shorten its term of existence." MOOSE CLASS INITIATION TO BE HELD FRIDAY NIGHT The first of a series of projected mi grations to cities of California will be undertaken by San Francisco lodge No. 26, Loyal Order of Moose, on Friday night, September 27. Oakland lodge of the Moose will be visited on that oc casion, when the work of Initiating a class of 200 candidates for Oakland lodge will be put on by the San Fran cisco lodge officers, after which an en tertainment by the Oakland lodge will be given the visitors. San Francisco lodge will assemble at Ninth and Market streets, and march, 500 strong, down to the Ferry, thence by boat and train to the Oakland lodge. The uniformed drum corps and drill team will ac company the San Francisco contingent. CUSTOMS MEN HOLD UP OLD FIGHT PICTURES Moving picture films showing the Gans-Nelson fight In Goldfield In 1906 were denied admittance to the port yesterday by Collector Frederick S. Stratton. The films, the property of D. O. Harder, arrived last Tuesday on the Tenyo Maru from the orient, where he had been exhibiting them ln Japan and China. The denial was made under an act passed by congress July SI this year. The act also prohibits the Interstate transportation of prize fight films. 1 Magnin's $37.50 Suits Pf|fl&& Fall and Winter Models present an attractive va riety, illustrating new and approved designs, weaves mdi nd co i ori "? s that "*• *• m favored this season by geant avenue well groomed women. The AT GEABY ST. _ _ Magnin garments are identified by their distinc tive and unusual charac ter, and offer individual style features that will not be found in suits shown elsewhere at $37.50. Attention is called to the Special Sale of heavy silk charmeuse dresses, in a variety of colors and styles. Specially priced, all sizes-. -$37.50 'A : ! _J ; : a TOT PRATS BEFORE COURT FOR MOTHER Babe's Pious Lisping May Lead to the Reconciliation of Estranged Parents Lisping In baby accents the prayer her mother taught her, little 4 year old Jane Gohranson gently usurped the place of Judge Thomas F. Gra ham, as arbiter of her parents* fate In court. The bitterness of Gohranson and his wife Corinne melted as the tot repeated her prayer and the court decided that with another week's trial the couple might become reconciled. The mother had recited the usual story of cruelty. The father, a car penter, had beaten her, had threatened to kill her, to kill himself and the children, she said. The rather had tes tified his wife was fond of cafe life and neglected their two children. Jane and Laura. "Why, judge," he concluded, "she even does not teach the little ones to pray." Graham took the cue and called lit tle Jane to his knee. "Do you say your prayers, Jane?" he asked. The little one nodded. There was no need for the bailiff to rap for silence in the courtroom as the baby began: "Now I lay me down to sleep—" The father cried softly as his tiny daughter prayed, and soon the mother was weeping with him. As the child finished the father and mother ap proached the judge, listened to his ap peal for their reconciliation and the family left the courtroom with the divorce decree held in abeyance. LETTERS ARE DEMANDED Demanding that certain letters ad dressed to Mrs. W. P. Winston and her daughter, Jane Chandler Day, be pro duced, attorneys for William Peyton Day, civil engineer, of Los Angeles, specified the missives alleged to have been sent Mrs. Day and her mother by S. W. Barr. a San Francisco merchant. The letters were addressed to the mother and "Lady Jane Day" and are alleged to have recalled incidents In which cold bottles are said to have figured. Day seeks to have the let ters produced to prove his assertion that his wife's principal fault was in associating too much with her mother. Mrs. Day filed suit for divorce recently charging her husband with cruelty. JUDGE ADMITS BIAS Judge W. T. Conley announced he ■would refuse to hear the divorce suit of Nat against Anita Feder Llchten steln because of the fact that he had formed a fixed opinion of the case based on the publicity given the -wife's charges of conspiracy on the part of her husband and his friends. The complaint, charging the -wife with in fidelity, -was sent back to Presiding Judge Thomas F. Graham, who will assign It to another department of the superior court. Mrs. May Bullock, wno obtained a divorce from Joseph J. Bullock, for mer district attorney of San Mateo county, ln 1901 filed answer to his suit to quiet title to a lot at Fourth and Tehama streets, and asked that she have judgment sufficient to cover $2,195 back alimony she claims Is due her. Bullock was ordered in 1901 to pay Mrs. Bullock $50 a month. In 1910 the amount of alimony was in creased to $100 a month after Bullock had married a wealthy widow. The former wife says the alimony pay ments have been only occasional. The following were granted Inter locutory decrees: By Judge Sturtevant, Julia R. from William T. Ralph, desertion; by Judge Troutt, Elvira from John A. Tebbins, cruelty. The following complaints were filed: Anna A. E. against Clement Win stanley, desertion; Myrlta A. against Lindly C. Rush, failure to provide; Domenica against Gluseppl Botasco, cruelty; Daniel E. against Sophie Coak ley, desertion; Emma against Louis Mallrat, cruelty; Sadie against Sophus Larsen, cruelty. JUDGE TRANSFERS CASE UPON HINT OF "FIXING" Heavy Bond for Stereotyper Ac cused of Battery Police Judge Shortali yesterday re fused to sit in the case of Arthur F. Pohlman, a stereotyper, charged -with battery by his wife, Winifred Pohlman, after her father made a statement ln open court relative to the alleged "fixing" of the case. Mrs. Pohlman claims that her husband beat her Sun day night ln her apartment at 1667 Haight street after she had taken a revolver from him, as he. had threat ened to kill her. Mrs. Pohlman's father insisted that Pohlman made a stateemnt that a fra ternal order had Interested itself in behalf of the defendant and that he never would be convicted. Although Shortali Is a member of the organiza tion, he fixed Pohlman's bonds at $1,000 a high ball in a battery case. The father of Mrs. Pohlman said that Pohlman never would have been arrest, ed if the matter had been left to him. He intimated that he Would do the de fendant bodily harm. Shortali will assign the case to another judge for hearing. j THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 19, 1912. THIEVES STEAL PLTTMES— Plumes worth $ 125 were stolen yesterday by burglars from tbe •tore of J. Lareara, 1435 Stockton street. 1 LEADING jj \ FOOTWEAR IgJ FASHIONS JO& The United States maintain mt x%%^^^ tbe brains of the world in the r* 1 /^--l^^w* manufactare of high grade FrenCH V/UDcin footwear. American made . _ I shoes fit better, are more com- A1661S fortable, look neater and hare more Style than any fore TO We present here one of the designed or made shoes. Paris ™* n «««-j* n gfiSSco " a may lead in gown or miili- high cot button boot with fun nery, bnt not In footwear (ex- »>■<*. J»°* n * ed , l tl J?:, Fr * nc » An 4 »* k« i» ♦».- «-,_, *--« ban heel, slightly extended cept it be in the fine orna- BOle and Vancv pearl buttons. mental needlework on Slip- This is a fine shoe, indeed, and pers). trimmed up with the best of With +M a i AO <iii. n .«;•.•*. «# material, outside and Inside. With this leading spirt Of In pa tent colt, gray -uede. excellence in American foot- black suede, brown suede and wear we are in close and re-. i? French bro*o*e. $8.50 sponsive touch—and always i£ e d uii ma. kid........ .st.so « the first ones in the West to show new examples. srf&mWmmm. :i y) New French Heel Evening Slippers Colonials This pretty evening slipper One of our Fall Colonials is made of a very good satin with rhinestoue buckles, an with wood Cuban heels and is extremely swell looking low ornamented with an attrac- shoe that serves for both tive chiffon bow. It is beyond purposes, street or evening question the best value of- wear. They are made with fered in an evening slipper. hand-turned soles and with Colors: Blue, pink, white, the new French Cuban heels, red, black, corn, lavender We have them in gun metal and green. *rr| calf or in patent AA Price *4>__i.DU colt. Price .SD«UII On Account of Holiday Both Stores Closed Next Saturday Until 5 P. M. Jammer $c Ifoufmcmn 836 to 840 HO to 12Q Market St jsjqres f Grant Aye. near Stockton \_j__ ■ J near Geary The Great Fire Sale NOW GOING ON Japanese Art and Dry Goods Every article in the,store will be sold for less than half. Now is your chance to buy your Christmas and Wedding Presents and save money. THE KISEN CO. 157-15Q Geary Street Bet. Stockton and Grant Are. No human memory can possibly be as reliable as a National Cash Register— it cant go wrong. The National Cash Register Co., Dayton, Ohio San Francisco Office, 1040 Market St. JEWELHY MOLEW-*welrr worth WM stolen, yesterday from the room O- Cbarle. C. Kettler. 871 Eddy street.