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THE SAN FRANCISCO CALL, SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 28, 1012.—THE JUNIOR CALL.
2 UNCLE SAM SENDS HIS PAPER MONEY TO THE WASH THE realisation of the dream of clean currency has corns about through the receni perfection by inventors In the United Slates treasury department of macbinea thai Will wash and iron paper money on ft large scale at a low cost. In the end these will probably save the government $1,000, --ipfio n year and will likewise prove an economy for bankers in all parts of the country. The essential feature of the new machine consists of tiers of copper rollers set in an oblong framework weight about 800 pounds—which may be raised or lowered in three seconds. and which, when In position for the washing operation, fits snugly into ft 100 gallon tank, filled almost to over flowing with a solution in which is dissolved a special soap, the formula of which was discovered by the federal officials. Passing back and forth over the rollers is what appears to the ordinary observer to be a web of cotton duck, •but is in reality two of these endless bands, fitting snugly one on top of the other. Between these two duck belts, each 60 feet in length, travel the bills to be cleansed, and the washing or scrubbing is accomplished by the pass age over the successive rollers, all of which are so shaped as to impart a peculiar rubbing motion to the soiled currency. This action is repeated several times and serves to wash all surface dirt out of the bills. When the washing is completed the hill Is, in similar manner, swished back and forth through the clear water of a CO gallon rising tank; then a jet of air whisks it to another endless band of duck which leads over gas heated drums that dry the paper, and in a total elapsed interval of less than 2% minutes the rejuvenated banknote is automatically delivered to a tray. A supplementary machine irons the laun dered bills by passing them on duck aprons over heated drums and then subjecting each bill in turn to the pressure of compressed paper drums. „ The machine requires two girls to PECULIAR NAMES FOUND IN THE SOUTHERN STATES The south is the home of.strange and unusual Christian names—some of them slightly un-Christian, by the way, says E. G. H. in the St. Louis Globe-Demo crat, In almost every family you find a Miss Johnnie or a Miss Harry, and these are not'abbreviations for Joseph ine and Harriet, as one might suppose. In recent newspapers there have ap peared accounts of the doings of two southern men, one bearing the prae nomen Pearl and the other answering to the decidedly feminine name Flor ence. A stalwart Georgian, owner of a valuable peach ranch, confessed to a St, Louisan the other day that the M in the middle of his name stood for Minerva, a bit of sentiment on the part of his mother, who adored the Latin goddess of war and wisdom, but who would not have risked fastening her robust quali ties on a daughter for all the world. This same St. Louisan ran into a far more curious bunch of names up in the mountains of Tennessee and northeast ern Alabama, whither he had gone for the purpose of inspecting some timber land. The first "stunner" he came across was a man of 50 or over, who answered promptly when the decrepit old lady in the chimney corner called, "Bu ten nan, you Butehnan, come along har an' git these har g'emmen a cheer apiece to set on." "Where did you get the name of your son? . I never heard it before," the St. Louisan asked. His companion and ' guide was responsible for the asking of the question. He knew in advance what the answer would be. "You never heerd of Butehnan?" The old lady was clearly amazed. "Wall, i mebby you-all want bornd, them times. That 'ar boy was bornd the day after we heerd the noose that Lincoln was elected. So we up an' named him fur the last president of the country. Hit want no seesesh name, because the war hadn't broke out yit, and we alius liked President Buchnan, anyhow." The explanation was wholly enlight ening, as the guide kn*w it would be. The guide, who happens to be a prominent citizen of Atlanta, is author ity for the story of a small <larkey lad whose mother lives in a cabin about 100 feet from the track of one of the slow est and most unsatisfactory railroads in the south. , The trains make no pre tense of running on schedule time—ln deed, they have been known to be as much as 29 hours late, yesterday's noon train arriving at 5 o'clock this after noon. The old darkey mammy aston ished the Atlanta gentleman by calling to her woolly headed scion, "Schedule, you Schedule, come har an' git you mammy some wood," As Schedule obeyed, the stranger asked: "Why do you call him Schedule?" "Because," and she -pointed through the window toward the track, "I don't want to run no risk of havln' dem trains run on him," There are those who believe that Schedule was invented as a rebuke to the railroad officials by one of their victims. This is not true of the twin girls whom the St Louisan met in a curious Cumberland village, nor of the two boys who were born and reared in an adjoining cove. It seems that the operate it, and has a capacity of 4,000 bills an hour. It takes a pound of soap to wash 1,000 bills and about one horse power to operate it. The total cost of operation, including assorting and counting, is estimated to be within 50 cents a thousand, and with improve ments contemplated will be further reduced. Another Innovation soon to be intro duced by the treasury department is a reduction in size of the dollar bill. It will be only two-thirds its present size; likewise all other notes and certifi cates. It has been decided that the paper money is too big. A dollar bill today is more than 2 inches wide and a little more than 8% inches long. It is to be cut down to 6 by 2*4 inches. The treasury department thinks that this reduced currency will be vastly more convenient to handle. In addition, it will save a good deal of expense. The saving on paper alone natives grew weary of good old bible names and a furious wave of innova tion struck the mountains. Mothers vied with each other ir the selection of the weird and the curious. Every sum mer visitor was plied with requests for secretly whispered names, such as other mothers would not think of. It was at this time that the twin girls arrived. They are now about 15 and they are commonly called Ena and Arie. The mother told the stranger proudly that they were the musical twins and that they couldn't help being An American's Daring Swim Captain O'Keefe of the steamship Havana of the Ward line, tells of the successful attempt just made by an American in Havana to demonstrate that there are no man eating sharks infesting the waters just outside Havana harbor. It has long been a superstition among both American and Cuban residents in Havana that the ferocious "tiburones"' are thick in the Florida straits and that there is a nest of them just under the coral ledge, which is the foundation of Morro castle. The American in question offered to make a public demonstration that the sharks were a small species and in no wise dangerous and tried to arrange for a public swimming match from the docks in the harbor to the ocean out side Morro, but everybody to whom he mentioned it shuddered with horror. Only the day before he mentioned the scheme a dorsal fin had been seen cut ting the waters well inside the harbor entrance and the cry of "tiburon" im mediately went up from the terrified boatmen, who kept close to the docks for the remainder of the day. Not to be foiled, the American and a friend chartered one of the bumboats, which are a feature of the harbor, and sailed to a point a few rods off Morro, where the daring foreigner, clad In a bathing suit, plunged over the side of the boat and -swam around for a quar ter of an hour. Hundreds of natives who had heard of the expedition crowded the malecon, or sea wall, and screamed in terror when the swimmer plunged off into what was thought to be certain death. He came back to tho boat with all arms and legs.' intact and his demonstration is said greatly to have reduced the terror of-the sharks among the Cubans. Lawn Tennis Now Popular in Japan Lawn tennis has become very popu lar among Japanese high school and college students. Intercollegiate games have also, become popular among the 'students and their friends, writes Con sul General Thomas Sammons from Yo kohama. Among the well known in stitutions that have a-large number of enthusiastic tennis players are the fol lowing: Tokyo higher normal school, Tokyo commercial school (higher), Wa seda university, Tokyo; Kyoto univer sity, Kyoto- third high school, Kyoto. The Money Washing Machine. (for 240,000,000 notes issued yearly) will amount to $87,000. There will be an increased output of at least 25 per cent for a given amount of labor at the bureau of engraving; where all the paper money is printed. This gain. carried through all the processes of printing, examining,- counting, drying and numbering, in itself will represent more than $200,000 a year. The notes being smaller, less en graving will be required for the plates from which they are printed. Less ink will be used —an item much more Im portant than one might imagine. Taking other items into account, it is reckoned that -the total saving to the government by.redticing the size of the paper currency will be $612,000 a year. A dollar bill of the new size is ex pected to have a much longer "life" than one of the pattern now in use. Requiring one less fold to be stored away conveniently in the pocket or pocketpook, it will last at least a musical because of their names. When she had mystified him sufficiently she confessed that the full names were Miserena and Miseravie, in honor of Miss Irene Nolan, a music teacher who Wad spent a summer vacation in a cabin up the mountain, with a "pean ner" that took six horses to haul out from the railroad station, and that every evening she used to play selec tions from "II Trovatore" for the en tertainment of the natives, repeating the solemn part over and over when the mother of the twins was present. A Shad "Row" It is customary in many of the city schools to give entertainments on the last day before the pupils disperse for the Christmas holidays. Parents are in vited to see and hear their young hope fuls recite or take part in special vaude ville stunts or fairy plays devised by the teachers. One teacher who found herself blessed —otherwise —with a roomful of unruly boys when school began in the autumn hit upon a happy idea. She promised the boys that if they were good they might have a minstrel show just before the holidays. All through the term the teacher kept this prospect before them, promising the particularly noisy youths good parts if they would keep their de portment up to a fair standard. The promise had the desired effect, the boys were reasonably manageable, and when the performance came off it was a howl ing success. One little temporary darky, rubbing his arm, finally attracted the attention of the interlocutor. "Why, Mistah Jones," he exclaimed, what's de mattah wif yo' am?" "Why, Mintah Bones, ah wuz out in de Hudson ribber yestahday fo' shad, an' ah got mah 'am lame rowin' against ds tide." "Well, well," returned the young Mis ter Bones, "ah nevah saw such foolish ness: Why didn't yo' let de shad row?" An Interesting Trip One of the most enjoyable little trips which the local chapter of the Girl Pioneers has taken so far was that of a recent date, when they vis ited the steamer Tahiti. The Tahiti runs between New Zealand, Australia and San Francisco. The Pioneers were shown everything on board and saw many things which were new and won derful to them. So pleased were they that the whole party almost decided to stow away until they were told what would happen to them if they did, then they decided to wait until a better op portunity offered, when they could go first class. K leaving, H. J. Doyle gave them from New Zealand and sou from the South Sea islands. third longer, according to the estlmat< of the treasury experts. Consequents there will l.c fewer notes to be re deemed as unlit for further use, and the force of the redemption division at Washington can be cut down suffi ciently to save $50,000 a year in .salaries. When it Is considered that it costs the government 1 cent to print a paper dollar and put it into circula tion, the importance of prolonging Its "life" becomes manifest. Fortunately, the treasury has had an opportunity to make some advanced tests, as th.y might be termed, of th« small size money. All the paper currency of the Philippines, which has replaced the old Spanish notes, has been printed at the bureau of engraving. It 18 of ex actly the size now proposed for our own greenbacks and certificates. Up to date it has proved exceedingly sat isfactory. The new paper money is small enough to be carried flat—that is, without folding—in a pocketbook of moderate size. It will he much more easily handled. Experiments made with bank clerks and tellers in Wash ington recently have shown that the small notes do not cramp the fingers as do the old ones. And they have the additional advantage that banks can store in their vaults 25 per cent more of them within a given space. The only objection to the new de parture seems to be that for some time there will be two sizes of paper money in circulation. But this diffi culty is to be obviated as Mr as pos sible by preparing in advance great quantities of the small notes, which on a fixed date will be exchanged for the big ones at subtreasuries, banks and other large financial institutions. Incidentally it is intended to re duce the 19 designs on the currency now ih use to nine, using the same portrait on one denomination through out. Thus the $1 bill, whether treas ury note, bank note or certificate, will bear the head of Washington in the center of Its face. Its holder will know the denomination without look ing at the numbers on it. The little girls had already been named Mary and Martha by their pious pater nal grandmother; but those cheap and common names had to give way when the mother conceived the idea of giving her daughters a musical twist. She boasted that the spelling of the names was her own invention, and she admit ted that she thought it was decidedly clever. Around In the next cove was the boy, Burjoice Robbins, whose mother de rived eVen greater satisfaction from his curiously un-Chrlstian Christian name. The Cumberland Presbyterian preacher •who christened the child insisted on call ing him "Rejoice," and that is the way it is written in the church record. The ex planation is simple in the extreme. That summer a learned man ran away from the city to the seclusion of the mountains while he was reading proof on a profound work that was being printed in Chattanooga. Every few days a youth would come out from the print ing office with a bunch of galley proofs and there was always a discussion of the type. The learned man wanted some paragraphs set up In small pica, for emphasis, and certain foot notes set up in nonpareil, but the body of the text was to be In bourgeois, which the printer's helper invariably pro nounced "burjoice." Whenever the writer said anything about "bourzhwa" the youth repeated It after him, mak ing the correction in pronunciation, "burjoice." The mother of the little boy was convinced that this wonderful thing, which was to play such an im portant part in a learned book, would make the grandest name her son could possibly have. Even when the preaiher said it was heathen she did not yield, writing it in the family bible, in de fiance of the church record. Several other and equally amusing names were brought to the notice of the St. none of them are comparable with that of a stunted, fragile little chap who dwells in a cove back of Chattanooga, When he was born a medical student officiated. The student was down there for his vaca tion* and he put in most of his time boning anatomy. The baby was the tiniest creature imaginable. In the city it would have been hustled into an incubator. Down there in the cove it managed to keep alive in a roll of cotton. It had a queer habit, from the very hour of its birth, of pulling up its lean little nose and lip in the most sardonic sneer, as if it were trying to express its contempt for the world in which the eager student persisted in detaining It against its will. One day the youth exclaimed: "So you keep on using your 'Levator labii superloris alaeque nasi.' I wish you'd try to use some of your other muscles!" The parents wanted to know what the long name signified, and even after the student explained that it was mere ly the "lifter of the upper lip and the nose," they insisted on making that the child's name, and thus it is writ ten in tho family bible, Levatorlabii superlorisalaequenasi. When the boy is wanted in a hurry his parents cut the name to "Lafe." The rest of the com munity calls him "Skinny."