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The San Francisco call. [volume] (San Francisco [Calif.]) 1895-1913, October 19, 1912, Image 4

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FEATS OF SWORD HUNTERS
"We Americans f who use firearms to
the exclusion ,of weapons of steel in
the chase, find it difficult to comprehend /
the wonderful swordsmanship [of those
who make use of the,lmplements which
'■ we. have 'discarded as inadequate. Be- ,<
* cause we seldom use swords.ourselves. ;<
* we are inclined to doubt the skill of
those: who have [rid 'other" weapon.* *" *' - v
[". *}The natives of /Morocco,/with' whom
■'*' Spain was recently engaged in desul-"
tory war,* are *,- the * direct .descendants ■;■:
of ,*the[ ancient. Mauritanians —the same..
war loving Moors that followed Tarik**
[to Spain and Hannibal across the Alps.' ■■'.-;
"v'^Thei French 1 officer, who "was, an eye- /
witness,,tells of \ feats* that enable ;us to"B
■' comprehend ;how the ancestors of such .
,i" matadors/ could-;, vanquish " the best :'/•.
[trained armies of antiquity. ; \. ; *k'l\l y
'•■ L On one of ' their forays into the up
; .'lands': the Spanish scouts came across *
■'-''.an Arab horseman who ignored*,their ,;%[
challenge and continued his gallop in
a northeasterly direction, though heav
ily encumbered with.'; the ■ spoil of * a
' / hunting : trip. !; ' : ; ;..'<■*"''!. ; ;4 :;, J,
-:;--' ' • Two of ~' the Spanish dragoons started fi
' in*,•*pursuit, but >[ their carbine [ f ; balls ;
missed,' [and when ! they /had J almost *
[ reached ! the -fugitive he turned around •;•;
.and,:; with u ;aT' back handed stroke, 1 ;
: knockedVone 'of , hiß would 3be /captors*«*
out of the saddle." v' lie then continued.
"'■'. his flight, after dropping a bag full of
bear meat; and actually .(escaped' to the ' <
husband, still brandishing his«sword' as
~ a warning to the unbelievers. ■.*'-., .','* v ■-/'[ ',
vH These J swords * are about [♦ four feet \
V Jong,* with a double razor edge, though
heavy enough r ;to7 break the backbone
;•[ of a -buffalo at a "single/stroke, 1 and in "?*
"the? hands of [ a bold rider are ■ really as *
formidable weapons as the best, if not ..
' the very best modern rifles.'/ y- '; < j ; ''
.' For a long series of centuries the
;'sword and '["-' scimitar held their; own
-against/; the battleaxes of ithe crusad- "
- ; ers, and Baker Pasha, the British Nim-v
rod, confesses that [after witnessing ; the
exploits of the Abysslnians, he«felt liker>,
. throwing away his » guns and; getting a 7
good : horse;'land an "Arabian / hunting
sword. t ~,'.,', , y,'?)?- ~/ [.<;//.[; •'. '-'
* These saber champions, were first •
''-'■ met; by* Sir,' Samuelf Baker, on his trip ; -
;to the upper tributaries of the Blue I;
Nile on the Abyssinian border. He says: /
v j*V -"I *■■ had an f audience of a g party/ of
; ■ hunters whom I had long wished Ato.',.'/
meet. c Before my arrival at Son* I had,'
*'■* • heard of fa* particular tribe >of > Arabs
•-"-.. that Inhabited t the country south of J> : -
between that town and the i .
Basse country. These, were illamrams, ■
'! renowned'] as the most extraordinary
hunters, who attacked and killed all
sorts, of 'wild' animals, > from . the ante
lope .to > the elephant, with no other
' weapon v than the sword. The lion and
the rhinoceros alike fall before the
'. sabers > of these indefatigable riders, to ;/
!■; whom, $as an old;, '-elephant '?h'uhter,"STv j,
wished ito make my salaam ; and humbly v •
,:. confess my Inferiority."://:-./^z S" -
-■in The' Beni Hani had .the; ; finest horses ._>,
■* the White Pasha had ever seen, and}
vtheir saddles, blankets Kand^v? hunting',
bags were all superior! to those :of . the"/ :
northern Bedouins, but their entire
armament consisted of J a sword and a';.,;■
h? small ■* shield of rhinoceros hide. They;
considered '-' it wanton extravagance - to /''
'',■ spend the smallest 'copper coin on gun- /
powder. •. . • „.-,*,
Hunters who can/not afford the. lux
i> ury of a horse start afoot, with a bag
of dried dates, and follow a herd of ■/'„
elephants a week to catch an old,',
ktusker ; napping. In warm weather the /
ponderous old bulls often indulge in
a siesta and doze, leaning against a
: tree; < or ":a! event -i stretched/* upon /the :
ground, where a ; :tree/ or stump gives
them the needed assistance for regain- .;
T- v ingniieirjleg3^.';^v^v;Sivi-vvw-'/*--'•:;//;■ ':,-%
i^ ! ?, Should the It animal be discovered
, /asleep, 1 ;: one's of :< the hunters {.will creep :
stealthily toward its head, and with
one blow sever the trunk, in which /,
case the elephant would start upon its ■'{■■
'■ feet," while. the hunters would escape 1
;In the " confusion of the moment The '^
wound would produce a hemorrhage
sufficient to cause the death of the ele
phant within an hour. v '';
On the other hand, should the animal - *
tv, be awake upon their f arrival, it would /[;
be impossible'to^ approach the trunk;'* *
?:* In such ; a case they would creep .tip; be- t" <
hind and give a tremendous cut in the•
back sinew of the hind leg, about a foot V
above the heel. Such a blow will dis
:/; able an elephant at once, and 'enable -
■?*;a" ; hunter -toT. clinch his'victory -by an- -
* other cut.',"■',"- ■''- ;.■ v- ; 'v>r ; -/»"■":->'/'// '.-*• - ;■•'• ■„.'.'
But as soon as the sale; of ivory has//
"netted the hunter a handful of [plasters;;/
he [1 buys7.l a -'§ horse for ! the- higher s "
branches of his art. Three or ; four ag
gageers scour the country , until [they i[
come across , fresh elephant tracks. As
• soon as they .[ overtake the I herd they
[ single out an old bull, s[ and cut him
[down v in 15 minutes /from/ the begin- '
ning of the race. -The owner of the /
/[fleetest horse deliberately rides [across g&
\ ."[the path of the old.' tusker, and invites -;
;/■;an attack by throwing a handful of
,[sand at his head or flaunting a .red [•;.'•
'•["shawl. y -- -■[ /".;[ "": ■• : '':'"' "'''• , '"/"'- »* -' ■>.' '■.' •■:'/.,
";■['■'■'Tlie flying" rider then dodges right
-and left; and, in trying to 'follow the '
'■•; .sudden changes of [direction,'.'.the pur- "
suing elephant frequently-stops short
" and/ glares about [in>:a puzzled - way.
.That/gives the confederates of the zig- S
zag rider a chance. .' * '■:; -: / , - ,'>■ .">
'[-[iTlie moment ',; the raging animal ~'
.'[[,' slackens [ his speed, [ they < swoop down f
upon ': him [like hawks, or, under cover
of the brushwood, one will/even * leap
to the ground, and, seizing his sword
in both hands, will deliver a blow at
the heel sinew. - ,
The wounded - elephant at : ! once <
charges his new ttggresshr, but at the " ■"
first /step the', injured fool gives way,
i and the big # beast 1 * stands stock still,
wisely^declining'to? waste his/strength,* ;
■ "In? fruitless effort, and con tents himself g
with watching or ah [ opportunity '} to -/ •
get one of his enemies within ; reach*of| ,;
'; liis'-trunk;:.'/^'';^!//-/•'■// • .',,"•"./<.•"'./* ; , ■
;,[. Those enemies, however, are now ~ -
| masters of the situation. /Prahclng* to <,*
a and. fro'with apelike agility, they soon V »
[contrive/ to vert the attention- of "the ;
wounded colossus for an instant, and ft
the next second he : break.* down help- •{
i less,' with another hirid >foot slashed; to !- ; ,
. H the bone. v ; v i'/[* i " ; ;''- "'*'■;-[* i"'j'£' '--i r [*"" 5 ./■/ v -*
, ', !; Asia has [produced similar champions, v ;:
/..The. Japanese deer hunters saber,'.their[; .
game* in \ the deep snow, arid/ the [Per- J- .[-'
v- sians have a ' tradition of an athletic -
highbinder who disdained the [uset of **
/.firearms(Which-were; then beginning to
■[*• come into /fashion, and .[ held that a
sharp';sword ought/to >be more than [a ,
[-match[for the natural weapons 'of any,. .'
I.cast of the wilderness. rr-'j&ii's'*-;!-* I
; [-This ; V matador named Alias Khan,
; soon attracted the attention of Vthe^';/
shah, i; and [• for years accompanied <s is[.['
; sovereign on »hunting?expeditions'''until; . ,
the record of his [ exploits would have *»>.
filled a big book. , » < - ' ' •
• "Alias [Khan- naturally became a dan
;"•■ gerous rival of [[other* court favorites, f
? who at last managed to iprejudice*' the
shah against* the adventurous high- /
■V lander. They said that in the society •/,
of ,[ his I personal /friends :-. he i had made 1 ' -,
fun of the effeminacy of the royal fam-'
ily and i the imbecility of the autocrat, '
>■ who therefore - resolved to get rid of ./'
[[Alias,. ./' --,:,- ■- '.."" ,[::'-:-,-" ■ •.-"'-;;« ;
yljjr'; Hearing that a tiger of unusual size
had been driven into a' cave, he as- •
sembled / his / hunters Sat a* rock 'i where
f) they could ' see the : glare of the animal's ■>
*• eyes, and asked if any one would dare *
5 to beard the man eater in his den.:[
, ; Alias Khan, suspecting - the purpose
•■/! of '!■; the question, made [[ no reply; /but '
when a young fop offered to undertake
; the job with a brace of t pistols, the old c
/champion stepped to the front with a
> prompt protest. r : t'[: ;[/[{,/■" ■'•.-.';'•*"'•''i';-t:; :
In a duel [of[that sort, he said,. the ; *
;able bodied man should/i consider it.'/
[;,shameful to rely on a chemical trick,>%[
like the explosion iof gunpowder. The
tiger had nothing but his teeth [and " [
■ [ claws, and he proposed to meet him on '■:
' ■ moderately fair terms. He then en- *
tered the r cave, sword !in hand, and in
:-a,' minute or ? two after dragged out the
/ body of the dead tiger, but succumbed
the same day to the wounds \ he ."*had'*,f*
received in the desperate conflict.
The " Abyssinian hunters, with _ their*" •
co-operative tactics, have no hesita
tion In attacking leopards, and even '
lions. In a hand to hand* scuffle- with •
.sthe king of beasts, accidents may '.
occur, but as a rule the beast, in mak
ing its first spring, is met by a saber
/•■; stroke that flings it back crippled, and •/?:'.
'•:; is ;f then dispatched by riders ' galloping . .;'
around in closer and closer circles, but [
*"k in opposite directions, thus making-it ;
: limpossible [[ for ;t- the & wounded [ lion to .
* watch all of his attackers Jat once. ;/, .-■[■;■■'
/ ;/The 1 Spanish bull ring is. the r outcome[
- ; of the'matanzas, or J beast fights, intro
; [ duced *by>, the ? Moors .*. into S Spain; [* and
-;that country, as 'well as Somth Amer- '''••
ica, can still boast of hundreds of hunt- i [
ers who will attack almost 'f any.[wild ; .
animal with a machete —a weapon half
: sword ? and half hunting knife./[[[;[ !
''The*/ Chilean J" home guards 2 routed -["a
';, Peruvian army with such knives, and
[[the California papers a r few years -ago
v described 5 the feat of'a' peon, or Mcx- >
3ican day laborer, who [used his machete
to kill a full grown puma.' ••
. His employer had seen the puma [in ~;/
•/ the */top'[;of.;a*[llveoak tree, [and, had ;\-:
goffered him 50 cents [to run home arid ' "
get a rifle.- \; *-■' .' • - - , Z.*~-'-'u
..."He won't * stay there [long, enough," /
said the peon; "but for a full "dollar;IA[;
will, kill him right now, and let my,;; ";"
boys tan [ his J skin for you.",/.-,./;. i: ;,';;;: J ,,'-•:['/
i. .[[The farmer, -agreed, "and his peon [[[
actually climbed the tree and [ seated [■'
f himself *on a branch, within a,"'- few feet / ""
of the giant cat. The': puma at first
growled and switched his tail, as if
crouching for a spring, but finally tried : "
* to retreat to the other side of : the tree.
[when* the peon .suddenly* ducked;/ and •'
■'■"with*.' an upward slash dispatched the [
fierce animal. —Philadelphia Inquirer. '
A Ten Acre National - Park
- -Though-, the smallest tract of land set/
apart as a national monument, theTum
acaccri, ,in Arizona, containing but 10
acre?!,' is': not the least 'interesting.,, It -
affords /'protection >» to 7: the old Spanish 1
church built by. early • Jesuit '. monks,
who burned the bricks [therefor; ' Its •
walls in some places are 12 feet thick,;
and the[: old burying ground, which lies..
in -the rear, contains ruins of an ancient[[
fort, where. many an early ; day [tragedy [
was enacted. The cemetery and mission
are f inclosed by a high brick wall. /.This
old mission was i. in ; the "-ejected Tuma- ;
land grant and has suffered] much [
from-neglect, as well as vandalism. Por
tions of old paintings within the chan
cel have been knoefced off and carried
away, and the names [of many of these
vandals are written inside the , cave..
The v land upon which the mission .stands..
was entered as % a homestead by Carmen "
:Men'dez,Ywho.' fully/.appreciated the ; de-"
sirability .of preserving [[the ruin,,[and
showed ..the faith that was in him by
relinquishing the necessary 10 acres of
claim to [the" government June 30,
1908.—San.Francisco Argonaut.
BOYS AND GIRLS TAKE CARE OF FEATHERED FRIENDS IN THE WINTER
A Bird * Tepee. Made ot Lima wean roies, wixn in* vines aim Auaww* ,>;;;.; v ;
,{» • • ''.'rf'-i -■-; -'-['iMJOto'jraphed by M. C- tit CuKlenvod, NJ. ._ ,-.; / [;•/ ■';-. ■ •"■&?.-'jv:'/X ;
.ri-iAKING," care' of "the birds[ during '
TAKING care not [only birds during •
the winter Is not only a very kind
pursuit for boy's and girls to be en
gaged in, but it is also a most inter-
esting diversion and all boys and girls
who have had no thought for their
little ;feathered friends 'in ' past winters
should this [coming: winter be sure to
start early to provide /a- cold weather
restaurant for the birds. >' ;; -.[
One of the writers for Bird Lore.' the
publication of [the* National Association *
of ; Audubon Societies, [says of -our duty
to the birds In winter: .-_
;/.- "The branch of bird /[feeding work ;
which ;is perhaps '; most in need .of con
sideration at this time jis that which *
provides | for 1 the / great i armys of [birds:
which do ! not come to our houses £ and
gardens, but which struggle [along as
best [ they /can in; the woods ; and • fields. ;
It would ' seem [to be ;the; duty of ; the „
people of v every -[.* town where deep
snows f prevail yin winter,; to see that
their own birds are provided for and '•[
not allowed to starve,, and it has been
my v experience t that decent people of
all [classes are of just one mind on this
subject." «t^*-'/:; ; - : -vV* > .'■ ;-[.///..■',.[/i/ytfvi?
V Ernest[ Baynes;. who has written this »
appeal to bird lovers, says that one
of a the best ways to start a crusade for 1
the winter protection of the .birds] of [a*
neighborhood is to call * a meeting lof /
all those interested in wild birds. Al
most always a paper will be found
which will [be willing to publish a call, |
'and often it is ";possible -Ho? obtain 5 -a.[
room in a schoolhouse or a church for
holding the meeting. When the meet
;ing comes * order the necessity* of V
taking care of the birds in winter is ;
explained and committees are appointed [
to arrange details] One committee '[?is;,
appointed to collect the food, and it* is •;[
usually possible to obtain the promise .'
of local dealers to [v give "'a* certain
amount r * of I grain I arid | other food 5 .'each
week. Then private contributors ; may
[also [ be/ found who will * give so much
V'[' ■■ ■■*' '['.--"* '[[ '["'■ '..'•;.[" ;[ "; ♦■ >.
Denman Grammar School Pupils:
Next Saturday Is the Day!
money every week; Another large com
•'•'mlttee: of {boys and girls who will not
mind going • out in the cold weather
. should be appointed to distribute the
food In the fields. ,'*"'..'," .
.-.All the food that is collected; should
- be "stored in; one'place if a large town
•'is being considered, and if a {city: is"; the
-bird • ' ent'ruslasts', . home /then ', there
/"should, be-different -depots in the sub
'\ urbs from which the food can be x easily
"taken out {to* the T< fields. There is * a
< : squad of boys and girls appointed for
• each section of the neighborhood*which
is being thus policed in the -Interests
of , the; bird citizens. • ■- ■ . -■*-*>'
Bird seed and fat meat or suet.'bread
and crumbled biscuit*are,the;necessary
foods. The x fat /meat: or suet is- forf the
1 insectivorous birds. v For, the time when
, snow is ! on ; the ground v there 'must be
snow shovels, and there should be
plenty of string to tie the food to
branches of trees so that it*' will not
blow ( away or be covered by the snow.
/ When the suet is put' up on ; the "trees
-the;: string is wound around and
around so that it will i hold ■ what re
mains of ; the suet even after the birds
.. have eaten some, of 'iti away. ■'•, ".,.'-.'
The grain feeding stations are made
: in the ; open field. If the ' snow has
- fallen the ground should/be cleared for
.•'a space >;abo*t; ,15 fc feet -square. The
; space should be cleared right down to
the ground, as otherwise the :/ food is
apt to sink in where the"' birds can not
-.,•' get >it.\:"';"; ' ,'■'.' ■;. ■<',->--;•■ ;-*■;./;-v> • ,■ ■■'..;';.■
mA For feeding;, birds around': her home
Mabel Osgood -Wright of Fairfield,
'Conn.; built a most attractive winter
/'lunchroom in an apple »tree. One of
...the;'things which. Miss Wright had to
be most careful about with her apple
tree restaurant ;; was r ; that the naughty
j English" sparrow, which-has a perfectly
"terrific appetite,:did not eat all the food
.'away from ■'. the gentler birds. i; The
snow birds, . juncos arid; tree sparrows
were always more timid than .the' Eng
lish sparrows, . and Miss Wright kept a
: sharp lookout for their protection. •
, ." Miss Wright has suggested that in "a
''country district 'children.'' should com
bine under , one boy / or girl, .called the
"bird steward,'!" to protect the .birds of
the neighborhood. There S should .[bo
a bird steward in ; each": school, and
after ; the noon hour, this "steward^should
/collect all the scraps from the luncheon
-..baskets; for.: the birds. Shells of hard
P boiled eggs broken fine, crackers, bread
; crumbs, apple/cores,'- half cleaned nuts
are "all good for the birds/;: as well* as
the ordinary bird seed and grains. On
. Friday' night an extra supply.-should
be -left for the birds, so that they will
not' go .hungry." over Sunday./ .*...';
For ., the bird shelter in which .the
food shall* be placed Wright sug
gests that the school flag I* pole i will
form a suitable standard::, Around , the
I pole a ' square r or circular shelf about
eight inches wide can be fastened,
edged with "a strip of beading, barrel
staves or the like. A dozen tenpenny
nails;; should ' be: driven on" the outer
edge at intervals, like the spokes of a
An Apple Tree Restaurant. /.;/
Pb»(offniiibe4 bj M, 0. W. at Fairfield. Conn.
wheel, and the whole neatly painted
to , match; theSpoJei; ; v '-"•": i*'ri'l •>",.'
• ;Kven , the city boyror girl may at
tract the winter bird to his window If
he | will, ands save "the 3 little 9 creature
from a wretched death. ;Begin; by plac
ing ;ai feeding* station for the birds on
the roof of the house so that the birds
.Squad of Stoneham (Mass.) Hiah School Boys Making a Feeding Station in an Open Field*
riK>tocr»l>4)c4 by A. J. Sear*.
will be/attracted to the /food without
being; afraid that you ,are. watching
them. Of course, : it -is necessary ;: to
keep '% the ; usual lookout for cats •' and
sparrows '. if I you are * to» have any suc
cess in feeding the birds. : ,'.-. , #'
After : the roof .restaurants has been
going for some time, if you have 1 ; suc
ceeded in ';attracting; any birds > so ,that
they are; accustomed V to depend on the
house » for their food / supply, / you " may
move \ the feeding ; station down to one
of ,v the windows, j beginning with one
near the,, roof. %0 : Jt'"' this move also suc
ceeds / you can \ now lure* the birds to
eat": outside your own window, even if
that be further down. , '.
For the permanent restaurant you
should have the" branch :of" a tree. : A
Tying Suet in Hie Trees*
:;- small ', pine or cedar tree like a Christ
/i mas tree is, very, nice for,; the restaurant
' Nail ■• this outside your window. = Tin
r- food, suet arid* bread) should be tied't<
■ < the v limbs of the tree about £ a ; foo
I , apart, so :'i that the several 'birds: wh«
■ may. patronize the restaurant will fee«
-near one J another | without quarreling
; ; Once * you have succeeded in luring tin
birds ) to your own window you can keej
the ; sparrows and /cats" away i'withbette]
r} success, as you can •"" keep a % watch ". ou
: ; for them', most of the times when tin
: birds are likely to come for their meals
i}; - Some ? of «the * birds which have beei
S found feeding at these window restau
. rants in even the cities and towns art
the chickadees, nuthatches, woodpeck
era and bluejays. ' • ■ * "*
-'"- ! An interesting held shelter 'for/;-bird!
y] was ';. made i in the shape ■• of ' a tepee J o
lima bean poles f tied together at th<
top. The birds , could fly under this pic
; 1 ;turesque: i shelter, which afforded ; th«
very kind of a woodsy interior 'whiol
they prefer, and there partake of tin
? food '■ .which"' had been so" kindly scat
it red inside for them. :■;--■ "',-'''i'.• "■'"*■'
High Flying
. Jules, Yedrines, aviator, complained
in Chicago of America's indifference " t«
aviation. ' --/'- /'" ' s ' s - r ' ■■ "'
T "The • expense," 1 perhaps, has something
to do with it," he said. "Flying it
America' does, indeed, ? come : high. .
i'\ "ll'knbw,;a;ybung;'PhiladelphianJ whe
recently mastered the monoplane. With
his mechanician he was flying \ to At
lantic " City when ; something ,.,-wenl
wrong , near Tuckahoe, '.'■ and they,, cam'
down, in" a mosquito infected field. " ,
'; The mechanician went 1 to' ; a hard
ware store to, buy a bolt. .'.''. '"'■ -
"'A bolt like that?" said the /hard
ware man, ."examining;'"; the , mechani
cian's broken sample..' 'Well, I .guess
1 can give your'a*. bolt like that" for a
quarter.' Then, suddenly, 'he'- frowned,
Hold on, though. You're an autbnio
bilist, ain't you? J ) In that case it'll eost
you three dollars and a half.' '
"But a raw boned lad 'loafing.: in the
shop gave 'a; loud -laugh "'and * said: . •
■•*; "'lie ain't no automobilist. He's a
Hying machine man." , ; :'* V..' •'';:.';•■ '.'
":, "'In that ;" case," stranger,' •' said the
dealer, quickly, 'the bolt will cost '.you
fight dollars, nett and nett.' "—Wash
ington Star. ; *. " ;
Hunting the Gaudy Butterfly
Thousands of people all over "the.
world are catching arid ' preserving
; butterflies for great museums, private
». collectors, or dealers. . - * ■ " - ■
. , , We/ naturally think of these insects'.
in connection with * flowers, "sunshine
' and warmth; . but the fact/is that there
. la no 'place ;. upon this globe,-, except
: ' upon the ocean, r where - they can/riot: be
;..; found. The 'plains:'arid/valleys of ' trop
ical lands, of course, abound s with them;
"but some of •" the:.' most beautiful are
>; found ; on ;. he * Himalayas, iarid■<on* the
cold mountains heights ; of Turkestan;
.Cashmere,/ Thibet ," and.'the Pamirs, or
roof of the world. '•' , -/:; ' "
' "Specimens of butterflies been
caught/on' the highest peaks in Boll via,
"more/than 15,000 /feet above the sea,
during a fierce snow storm,; as/also; in
Alaska, and/' in the "/frigid'locality of
Lady Franklin bay. f » .
There are numerous fine /.'collections?
of butterflies In the world. There are ■;
wonderful collections' in;;th"e^ British
museum, the Berlin-; museum and the "
: Academic Prancaise. j.".V -•/:"* .---v ■'-'■". '.'-.
r*? It'Is not alone explorers like Stanley '
,;.■ who meet with perils■" and s privations.
;/1 Hutterfly hunters are exposed* to 1 many
f dangers, and;* their occupation is//an//
r J«rduou8 one. Along the upper Amazon ;
tsthere Vare gorgeous : : ":butterflies/* that r
| never descend nearer /than ,25/feet to
/ the ground. //The I hunter erects wooden.,;
;platforms^that/'height,^ ascends 'to/the
t porch ;'*a nd captures I, whatever insects
come within his reach. '.' -,■
;.,. V, It is nothing unusual,* for a man to
, have himself lowered over & t precipice
of vast depth so that he may secure
,/af butterfly; feeding on the blossoms a
.hundred' feet below. ■ ,- ;. -~ t . ' '
;l Butterflies Ii too, must be sought by
. night as well as by day. The elements
'• must be braved, mountains have to be
climbed, rivers forded and . heat and
• cold endured.; :■ In fact,: an enthusiastic
entomologist would brave as. much . to
possess a rare type of ' butterfly as
Columbus did to , find a new conti
nent. ."..', ,
,V And yet the occupation of : a' collector
must have its delights, and pleas
ures. There is .constantly .something
to please the i senses/and to appeal" to*
; the love of color and of beauty. :
The American continent is unusually -.
; rich in varieties of butterflies, as also
in numbers. There are places?in/ South
America where 80 different species have
; been J found' flying /about * in enormous
numbers. ".' . ' " ' _ . •[
. I', Darwin describes a butterfly shower
;;which';;hej observed ;' 10 miles off ; the
American coast, extending as far as
the eye could reach. "Even by the
aid of a telescope," lie; adds, "it was
not possible 4o see a space free from
> butterflies." ....-;•■. , > , .
. Emerson Tennett, a noted naturalist,
tells also how at Ceylon he witnessed
a great host of butterflies of a white
' or pale yellow hue, apparently miles %
in breadth, and of such prodigious ex- '
: tension /as; to occupy days > uninter
ruptedly in/their passage.
j; The English government has been
engaged in the work of !butterfly col
lecting for 130 years. It sends out
collectors with all of its ? great military /
•.excursions,;;and missionaries are i also
■7 commissioned to collect insects. They
train the natives of the countries in
; which they may be to the work, and
thus ;: insects I are secured £ from f places
which would be Impenetrable to any
but native hunters.
: The Neumoegen collection in New
York contains 3,000?;types or specimens
which;are •■ new to;; science. One of the
gems E ;of the collection is a butterfly,
/ the ; only, one ; of its kinds ever: captured,
which was taken on the island vof
Sumbawa, southeast of Java. *
. ; When Mr. X Neumoegen I received it he
:; came ; ? to the conclusion that It was
new to; science, and sent it to Europe
:v,toir", be examined. Entomologists de
cided that he was right. Special ex
' peditions have been sent to the locality
v where Jit was caught. in the hope of
-: finding! another, but this one still re
maina unique." It is of a wonderful me
tallic green, and it is said that if it
were to be sold at auction in London
it would bring a thousand dollars at:
leaat.
"; : Among Mr. Neumoegeri's;." treasures
* there ; ! are many i rarefies •and?priceless "
things from the " Solomon islands, the
upper Congo, Jamaica, the Philippines,
' the Cameroons, i Borneo, Tartary, , Chile,
Australia, India and Zanzibar.
There are snow butterflies, a insects ,;
that ' inhabit only snow covered ? coun
tries,'some the sides/of which; resemble
. 1 the * face : " of i an »* owl; ■ butterflies /which
;are a mixture/of' rose color, with silver
; dots, and others >! which a show gold, ,
.green,-red and .black; ■•*.'. '. " <
Some of the Asiatic specimens seem
to be arrayed /.in*.velvets ; of/ the most
brilliant -blue, green,/-black, 1 'crimson
and orange;;and the collection may be
•said to, be unique and v unapproachable.
-,. : ■;' : , -■— ' ■■— •■ - .
Heat From Rain
. " Mums and^Gaudechon^in';France■ have
, '_./;conducted experiments with reference
ij to the heat imparted s to" the soil by: rain.
. ".which,, It' Is ; thought, may' play} a part
. * "hitherto"unrecognized. In the phenomena
L / of vegetation. ;," ; . * - v
.-/ It appears that when the' soil has
> reached a certain degree of dryness; the
application of moisture produces. a rise
i/, of temperature which is greater in pro
' */port ion to the; fineness of the materials.
; Coarse, sandy soil is not heated by con.
i tact with moisture, while soil composed
• mostly of homus is: specially subject to
such/ influence. Harper's Weekly.

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