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The San Francisco call. (San Francisco [Calif.]) 1895-1913, November 16, 1912, Image 2

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Turkey Eager for American Intervention
Commissioners of Nations Prob
ably Will Meet to Discuss
Terms at Paris
chief is the grinning specter of deadly |
disease. Cholera has slain "between
3,000 and 3,500 victims in the Turkish
lines, it was reported today, and the
number of cases has swelled to 7,000
with no relief in 'sight. There have
been 400 cholera cases, but only a few
deaths, on the Bulgarian side. These
were contracted by troops occupying
posts abandoned by the Turks.
The Bulgarian surgeon general, Truc
hoff, has directed measures to head off
further infection for the present; but
an army of nurses and a vast amount
of hospital stores will be necessary If
Constantinople is to be invested.
<'zar Ferdinand withheld his signa
ture from the preliminary peace paper
until his allies could be consulted. As
1 telegraphed last night the attitude
of Servia was doubtful, owing to the
attempts to stir up the Albanians. It
is believed tonight that assurances
have been given Belgrade that there
will be no attempt to create new is
sue*. The so called Servian "atroci
ties" have been promptly repudiated.
Should this pacific attitude be main-
I throughout the next 24 hours,
lies will likely agree to send rep
atives to a peace conference,
which will most likely be held in Paris,
End the partition of Turkey will as
suredly follow.
This' evening I had a long confer
ence with a foreign office official, who
can speak with authority. He assured
me that Austria and Germany have
bean induced to see a "new, shining
light.'' What that light is, he did not
indicate, but I gather that all the basic
demands of the Balkan allies will be
approved by the concert of Europe.
It is a most curious coincidence that
the actual "carving of Turkey" will
very likely take place about Thanks
giving day, when Turkey will be carved
with great gratification in so many
American homes.
Both Turkey and the allies will prob
ably ask that an American statesman
be invited to take part in the peace
conference —the last of so many to con
sider the question.
Turkey has been eager for American
intervention, and that the United
States has been the largest customer
of Turkey in her principal products,
notably cigarette tobacco, encouraged
the hope that Washington might ac
cede to an appeal for mediation.
Klamil Pasha, however, hesitated to
t?kp this steo for fear it might prove
pren ♦:- : Now *hat the armistice is
i!kel\ , org fitfca, ~nd that a round
table >■ \ r ~ n c can be >.o. sidered
assured, ,s opportunity will probably
!*■> accepted by both interested ..'-ties
t" secure the disinterested voice oi a
broad minded, peace loving American.
i asked one of the Balkan diplomats
in London how is government would
view the presence of an American en
voy at the conference. He replied:
"When we get to a conference I
think it would he proper that the
great peace power of the west should
he represented. 1 am sure my govern
ment would not merely warmly sup
port such a proposal, hut will take the
initiative if necessary in suggesting it.
And I see no reason for opposition.
The questions to be considered concern
the whole world.
"An American envoy would add
weight and dlgn'ty and knowledge to
the proceedings, especially if, as I am
sure, would likely be the case the
American chosen possesses actual ex
perience of the horrors of war, and, as
most Americana do, considers peace as
a blessing not to be lightly disre
The differences between Austria-
Hungary and Servia evidently are in a
fair way toward settlement, but lion-,
tenegro, which jumped Into the war
ahead of its allies, seems loth to re
linquish any of the spoils gained in the
peremptory rejection by King
las of Montenegro of Austrian
and Italian intervention ia causing
sonic concern to the European powers,
who are anxious for an immediate
lon of hostilities, and today
comes a further report that King
Nicholas has informed the Bulgarian
government that he will not agree to
an armistice unless the Turkish, troops
evacuate the fortresses of Scutari.
The ministers of the European
powers communicated to the Greek
government at Athens today the
porte's request for mediation. The
Greek foreign minister expressed his
thanks and gave the same reply as his
Bulgarian colleagues had done, namely,
that a final response would he forth
coming after an agreement had been
reached by the Balkan allies.
A dispatch to the Morning Post from
<"onstantinople says:
"Kianiil Pasha, the grand vizier,
called at the Russian embassy today
and conferred with M. de Giers, the.
ambassador on the subject of peace in
the presence of M. Popoff, first drago
man of the Bulgarian legation, who
has been staying at the Russian em
bassy since the outbreak of the war.
"The Bulgarians demand the sur
render of the Turkish army at Tcha
talja as a necessary condition to the
cessation of the advance on the capital
and allowed the Turks 48 hours in
which to arrive at a decision. This
period having elapsed, the porte grow
ing uneasy, Kiamil Pasha visited M. de
vs arrived here tonight that Ro
■ port on the sea of Marmora held
by the Bulgarians, is in flames and
that Turkish cruisers are bombarding!
all along the coast, but to no useful
The Daily Telegraph's I'skup cor
respondent under Thursday's date says:
"The crown prince, who left yester
day to rejoin the Servian army before
Monastir, arrived at Prilip this after
noon. He received an enthusiastic wel
come from the inhabitants of the •■ ity,
wed the road with (lowers.
"While the reception was in prog
uund <»f guns about 2i miles
southwest announced that the battle
of Monastir had begun. All the news
thus far received is that a Servian
cavalry division operating between
Prilip and Monastir came in contact
with a Turkish column consisting of a
regiment of Infantry, a squadron of
a battery of artillery.
: the battle of Monastir is
eager i here as it should finish
the war in Macedonia."
As the censorship permits no news to
from the front, the situation at
LONDON. Nov. 16.—Bulgaria has demanded the unconditional sur
render of the Turkish arni3' at Tchatalja as a preliminary to any propo
sal for armistice. It is stated by the Kqjhische Zeitung. but not
officially verified, that Bulgaria has informed the powers she has no
desire to permanently occupy Constantinople.
The Reichspost of Vienna states that the Bulgarians are eager to
avoid the military occupation of the Turkish capital, but that General
SavofT insists upon the abject surrender of Nazim Pasha's army, so as to
keep faith with the aHies of Bulgaria and prevent Turkey from renewing
the war in the eastern provinces.
A harrowing dispatch has just been received giving some details of
the* ravages of the cholera in the trenches of Tchatalja. Thursday's
the scene of the fighting in the Bal
kans is more perplexing than ever to
Various reports have drifted in, how
ever, among them that Adrianople has
fallen, that the Bulgarians had cap
tured Hademkeui, the headquarters of
the Turkish commander in chief; that
Xazim Pasha, the Turkish generalis
simo, had capitulated, and that the
Bulgarians, either by sea or by land,
had reached the vicinity of Kilios, on
the Black sea coast, a short distance
from Constantinople.
These reports are without confirma
tion. A vague dispatch published at
Sofia says six forts along the Tchatalja
line have been captured after what are
described as heavy sacrifices on the
part of the Bulgarians.
All the reports previously published
through the Vienna Reichspost or
emanating from other sources go to
show that the Bulgarians are having
no easy task. Nothing is known as to
whether the battle continues. The
British government has received no
news from the seat of war for some
Altogether, although the report that
an armistice has been arranged has
not been confirmed, all indications point
in that direction and ?t may be sup
posed that the terrible conditions of
famine and destitution prevailing
among the refugees in the neighbor
hood of Constantinople, which are cal
culated to provide a hotbed for the
spread of choltra, may have had some
thing to do with Bulgaria's decision.
From other points comes news of the
occupation of the peninsula of Mount
Athos by the Greeks and the march of
the Greek army from Salonlki to join
In the Servian attack on Monastir. This
attack, according to a Belgrade dis
patch, began yesterday, with, an en
counter between Turkish and Servian
cavalry near the city of Monastir.
The Turkish government has issued
a batch of dispatches signed by war
correspondents of the Paris Temps and
Journal dcs Debats, the Berlin Lokal
Anzeiger and Tageblatt. the London
Daily Mail and other European papers
denying reports of atrocities alleged to
have been committed by Turkish troops.
CONSTANTINOPLE, Nov. 15 (by way
of Kustendje).—The cholera epidemic
among the Turkish troops holding the
line of fortifications at Tchatalja in
front of Constantinople, Is rapidly be
coming worse. More than 500 cases
are reported dally aud the total num
icr already exceeds 6,000.
Whatever hopes the Turks may have
hau of maintaining the line of defenses
at Tchatalja have been dissipated by
tiiis out*» r eak of cholera. An eyewit
ness declares n u ""aw 263 bodies burled
Tuesday in one snail or trench at
Hademkeul, the headquarters oi in 3
Turkish commander in chief. The
bodies were dragged to the trenches
by hooks.
While cholera is undermining the
Turkish defenses, It also constitutes a
most formidable opponent to the Bul
garian advance, and it is generally be
lieved here that the outbreak has dis
posed of the question of even a tem
porary occupation of Constantinople by
the Bulgarian troops. It is not thought
likely that King Ferdinand of Bul
garia will risk the lives of his soldiers
in this way if he can avoid it. It is
stated on good authority that cholera
has already appeared among the Bul
garian troops.
The Bulgarian army on Sunday last
occupied the town of Derkos, at the
Black sea end of the Tchatalja lines,
■ Boys'and Children's Clothing (
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WT *> *° *»2.D0 "ted or serges. ifST fffflj M
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[Special Cable to The Call]
and thus controls the water supply
of Constantinople. This, however, has
not yet been interfered with.
* The apathy and sullen resignation
with which the Turks face the series
of overwhelming disasters deserves
comment. It is true the severe appli
cation of martial law prevents the pub
lic expression or any criticism or re
sentment. The great mass of Moslems,
however, are inclined to bow to the
inevitable and to accept without vio
lent opposition what they regard as
the dictates of fate.
Bulgarian troops have reached the
vicinity of Kilios, on the Black sea
coast, at the entrance to the Bosporus
and within a few miles of the capital.
The men belonging to the Turkish life
boat station have left.
An official statement issued this aft
ernoon on the basis of a telegram re
ceived from the Turkish commander at
Scutari reports a defeat of the Mon
tenegrin troops in the vicinity of Scu
The commandant's telegram says:
"We have beaten seven battalions of
Montenegrins, who were advancing on
the heights of Kakarik. The enemy
fled beyond the Boyana river, abandon
ing 100 of their dead, many rifles and
a quantity of ammunition. We cap
tured a quantity of baggage belonging
to General Tchorovltch and his tent,
sword and uniform."
Another official statement denounces
as infamous the charges that the Ot
toman troops have been guilty of mas
sacres, pillage and other excesses. The
denial is supported by statements of
seven foreign war correspondents who
say they saw nothing of this charac
ter, but, on the contrary, everywhere
the' Turkish troops displayed extreme
moderation in their dealings with
Christian noncombatarnts.
Cholera Spreads in Islam Capital
WASHINGTON, Nov. 15.—Ambassador
Hoekhill reported to the state depart
ment today from Constantinople that
the city remains absolutely quiet. He
says cholera is spreading. No fears
are folt here for the American mis
sionaries in the interior of Turkey, re
ports in regard to their condition being
VIENNA, Nov. 16.—The correspondent
of the Neve Freie Presse telegraphs his
paper as follows:
"North of the Tchatalja lines Mace
donian volunteers have captured the
town of Derkos and also are besieging
Ak Bunar and Agacla. In the, center.
the Bulgarians have -succeeded in cap
turing various positions and in break
ing through the chain of defenses. An
artillery duel is raging.
"The entire battle line is about 15
miles long.
"The losses are enormous, especially
on the Turkish side. As the troops
driven back in disorder are fleeing
down th 6 *p«rs on the Tchatalja side
of the heights they ar« pursued by the
Bulgarians, who pour a pitiless ar
tillery fire into them."
PARIS, Nov. 15.—An official note is
sued tonight says the ministers of the
powers have approached the various
Balkan states with a view to media
tion and that the foreign ministers of
the allies replied that they would refer
the suggestion to their governments.
The Montenegrin foreign minister add
ed that his government considered it
mortality alone totaled more than 2,000. The Turkish commanders are in
despair, as it is impossible for them to check the spread of the disease
without doctors, physic or food. Those infected are simply left unattended
and shunned, to die like rats in a vat of filth.
The worst scenes witnessed in Florence during plague are
being duplicated on the Tchatalja battlefields. * W.
Contrasted with this picture of disease, pain and death is the calm
and conviviality in Constantinople, as described by the correspondent of
the Paris Figaro. The people in the capital are most ignorant of the
terrible conditions at the front. Business goes on just as usual; the music
halls and other places of amusement are open and well filled by audiences
nightly—-gay crowds, oblivious of war's horrors while the enemy is ham
mering at the gates.
Summary of the News
From Balkan War Zone
Bulgaria xubmltK peare term* to
Turkey, containing seven strin
gent stipulations, Including
surrender of army, evacuation
of four towns and war Indem
Cholera 1* rapidly decimating the
ranks of both the troops of
Islam and fighting men of Bul
Servians make prisoners of Turk
ish force, which It defeats after
fierce fljthting.
Turks report defeat of Monte
negrins at Scutari.
Grand vizier of Turkey eager for
intervention by America. Prob
ability that United States will
be represented by envoy mt
peace conference Is forecasted.
self unable to consefit to an armistice
except on condition that the Turks
surrender Scutari.
SOFIA, Bulgaria, Nov. 15.—The Turk
ish request for an armistice, addressed
by Kiamil Pasha, the grand vizier, to
King Ferdinand, was discussed today
by the Bulgarian council of ministers.
It was decided that the Bul
garian government would inform the
other nations of the Balkan alliance
of the step taken by Turkey and would
give its reply as soon as possible after
coming to an agreement with them.
After the allies have consulted it is
believed the negotiations for an armis
tice will be carried on by the com
manding generals of the opposing ar
mies purely from a military point of
The negotiations can begin only after
the Turkish authorities have accepted
the terms laid down by the Bulgarians
that in the meantime no further rein
forcements of Turkish troops may be
brought into the field of operations.
VIENNA, Nov. 16— Die Zeit today
publishes a remarkable story of the
suicide of a Bulgarian general after
he had been rebuked by the king. The
general had been considered responsi
ble for the demolition of the First and
Sixth Infantry regiments, where they
were mowed down because the general
either forgot to cover ths charge with
artillery or gave wrong directions for
the advance.
The general, after the charge, ad
dressed the remnant of his men, prais
ing their heroism. King Ferdinand
stood by, nodding his approval.
When the general had finished the
king said: "Genera], a word with
Then, walking up to the general and
before the whole army, the king
stripped the epaulets from tAe offi
cer's uniform. The general remained
at attention for a moment, then salut-
ing the king, he took a few paces to.
the rear and shot himself.
The JFirst regiment is composed of
the elite of Sofia, being comprised of
artistsA lawyers, actors and business
men. loss of life in its ranks
evoked the bitterest comment.
ATHENS, Nov. 15.—The Greek army,
commanded by Crown Prince Constan
tine, left Salonlki today and Is pro
ceeding'to Monastir. The Servian
troops have succeeded in practically
surrounding that city, where it is be
lieved a large Turkish army is con
Greek forces occupied the Turkish
peninsula of Mount Athos, below Salon
lki, according to a wireless dispatch
from the commander of the Greek fleet
in the Aegean sea.
Twelve thousand men of the Bul
garian army, which recently reached
Saloniki after the city had surrendered
to the Greeks, left here today. There
are only 6.000 Bulgarian troops re
maining* In Saloniki.
The commander of the Greek fleet
reports that boat parties from his ships
have landed in the gulf of Monte Santo
and occupied Mulyanl island and the
port of Dafnl, on the Athos peninsular
near Karies. On Mulyanl Island and at
Dafni there are monasteries, in which
are 10,000 monks.
The royal yacht Ampitrite with Queen
Olga on board and escorted by 27 Greek
merchant vessels arrived at Saloniki
Wednesday and was saluted by the for
eign warships in the harbor.
BELGRADE. Servia, Nov. 15.—An
other Turkish force hoisted the white
flag and surrendered to the Servian
cavalry near Monastir yesterday.
The Servians attacked the Ottoman
troops at Debromira, about five miles
to the northeast of Monastir, and in
spite of a galling fire, succeeded In dis
lodging the Turkish advance posts
from their strongly entrenched posi
tions. The Turks retreated and were
pursued as far as the village of Morabi,
close to Monastir, by the Servians, who
surrounded them there and poured in
such a heavy fire that the Turkish of
ficer In command decided It was useless
to continue fighting and ordered his
men to throw down their arms.
The advance of the Servian army
has been temporarily stopped by
'•For the Blester. Better San Fran
cisco" la the pledge and aim of
The Call.
The Largest Kitchen ft
R r«i • i rat*
I|| And Ghirardelli's is the fargest I - hlVflj Vfl ll C
J cocoa factory in the West It C*l 4AWAM O
\\jll first started in a little one-story
mill building over sixty years ago. 4T
lj||! Today it is of sufficient size to 99 S. m 3 &M
i turn out annually over 20 million
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1 I * is used in nearly every
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Sold Everywhere
" an Francisco
■ »i *
[Special Dispatch to The Call]
FRESNO. Nov. 15.—Approximately
1,000 raisin growers met in this city
today for the purpose of electing 25
trustees to hold for seven years $380,000
worth of stock in the $1,000,000. raisin
company just organized. The meeting
was one of the largest in the history
of tlie raisin industry in this city and
Was the largest -since the old raisin as
sociation days. Nominations wore made
this morning and this afternoon: the
voting took place by ballot. The polls
were open from 2:38 until 5 o'clock in
the afternoon. Each of the stock
holders in the company was privileged
to vote for 25 trustees, although five
were selected from each of five dis
tricts designated.
Sixty men were nominated for trus
tees, but the following were elected:
District No. 1— .Tamos Htdtsao, S«n Francisco:
1.. S. Fratvini ant) Burnes*. PrCSnoj
Ririmrd Kerrte, Cl<>vis; George R. fain mi. Tem
perance colony.
District .No. 2—W. R. Nutting. Karl Kmir
xtait. 11. Graff, W.Oie M. Giffrn and A. G. Wi*h
on. Fresno.
District No. 3— H. H. Welsh, Fresno: I. t.
Rymann and W. W. Parlier. Reedier: GeoTgfl
Feaver .7r., Fowler: R. K. Madsen. Parli^r.
District No. 4—J. 1.. Norman awl I,evia flnr
rptt. Kinpsbure: K. A. McCord. Sultana; E«lwin
Dudley and Thomas Martin. Keima.
District No. s—.5 —. E. F. Pickerel. Mark Rassctt.
J. B. Hall and A. G. Robinson, Hanfonl; S. J.
Carrol i, Wasco.
These trustees will have the power
to name directors for the company.
wii.i, covVroi, market
The company is being organized with
a capital of $1,000,000 for the purpose
of entering the market as a buyer and
seller of raisins and will establish min
imum of abcut three cents for raisins.
The company will begin operations
when $750,000 has been subscribed. Sub
scriptions are coming in at the rate of
about $5,000 a day.
The Caß Is now an absolutely In
dependent newspaper. Try it oot
and see.
Our attention has been called to many articles appearing In trie daily
papers asserting that the Standard Oil Company is negotiating for the pur
chase of a controlling interest in the stock of the Union Oil Company of
California through the stock interests of parties holding such control through
holding companies.
As numerous inquiries are being made of us from all over the country
as to the truth of these reports, we desire to state most positively and authori
tatively, in so far as said articles allude H the Standard Oil Company as
being in any way interested in the matter, they have no foundation in fact
whatever. The Standard Oil Company has not had, rror has it at the present
time, any negotiations whatever, either directly or indirectly, with any cor
poration, firm or individuals, for the acquisition of any interest whatever
either in the stock or property of the Union Oil Company of California or
any of the holding companies who are stated to be the owners of more than
one-half of said stock.
By D. G. SCOFIELD, President,
San Francisco, Nov. 15th, 1912. -*
[Special Dispatch to The Call] ( ■«• ;• •'
CONCORD, N. ■ H-. Nov. 15.— Affidavits
alleging that Christian Science is not a
religion but a privately owned business
conducted for money profit were filed
in the superior court today In the case
of George W. Glover of T,ead. S. D.. who
seeks to have set aside the residuary
bequest made by his mother. Mrs. Mary
Baker Eddy, founder of the denomina
tion, to the First Church of Christ,
Scientist, of Boston.
As It Was, As It Is and
How to See It
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Panama-Pacific Exposition.
Price.s2.so net; by mai1,52.73.
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Paul Elder
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San Francisco
When You Can Not Locate Your Doctor
In office or home, rlnsr up
Physicians* and Surgeons' Telephone
SUTTER 1424.

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