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The San Francisco call. [volume] (San Francisco [Calif.]) 1895-1913, November 17, 1912, Image 16

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THE FIGHTING MARINE
"Soldier and Sailor Too", Is a
Many Sided Adjunct of Uncle
Sam's Forces and Is Called
Upon to Protect
Life and Property
in All Corners of
the World
An' after I met 'im all over the world,
a doln' all kinds of things,
Like landln - 'isself with a Gatlln gun to
talk to them 'eathen kings;
'E sleeps in an 'ammick instead of a cot,
an' 'c' drills with the deck on a slew;
There isn't a job on the top of the
earth the beggar don't know nor do.
You can leave 'im at night on a bald
man's 'cad, to paddle 'is own canoe;
'E's a sort of a bloomin' cosmopolouse—
soldier and sailor, too.
-RUDYARD KIPLING
And, as the marine sings in his own
"hymn"—
"If the army and the navy
Ift'er look on heaven's scenes,
Th»- will find the streets are guarded by
The United States Marines."
fa para
—peace
c, too.
id real
>-a, Nic
aragua, the other day. He holds "the
situation well in hand" so long that
the newspapers forget all about him,
although he may be preserving hair
trigger relations with swarthy men
who mutter. "Muerte Americanos."
He guards the legation at Peking
against repetition of the Boxer siege,
operates railroads in Central America
to 6ustain the "constituted govern
ment," prevents Insurrectos from mak
ing Dominican customs revenue the
spoils of revolution. When the insur
rectionary habit breaks out anywhere
to the south of Key West or north of
Venezuela and Colombia he comes on
the run like an ambulance surgeon
I Major Gen?ral WMUm I
|| C«arri»»i »« Bar*, fc-l
Nosophobia- The Dread of Disease
SOME one is said to have asked
an old eastern philosopher what
were the worst troubles he had
had in life. At the moment he
was more than 100 years of age and
ought to be a good judge in the mat
ter. He said:
"My worst troubles were those that
never happened."
Not long ago an old physician of
large experience was asked what dis
ease he thought inflicted most suffer
ing on mankind, and he promptly re
plied that in his opinion none of the
physical diseases produced as much
discomfort as the dread of disease —
the fear that something either is the
matter that Is serious or that some
thing Is going to be the matter that
will develop seriously and the prelim
inary symptoms of which perhaps are
already present.
This affection, the dread of disease,
is now well recognized by physicians
generally, and there is even a nice,
long Greek name for It —nosophobia.
It seems almost Impossible that a
dread should produce so much dis
comfort, but any one who has seen
and heard the complaints of a person
suffering from the fear of thunder
and lightning—brontophobia, as It is
called —or any of the other dreads that
I discussed recentl}' is likely to appre
ciate that for torturing anxiety noth
ing can be quite equal to the state of
mind inro which such patients are
plunged. Something of this same thing
may occur from the oread of disease.
Nosophobia is probably more com
mon now than it used to be, partly
because people know more about the
disease, and therefore have more
materials out of which to manufacture
dreads, and partly because a larger
number of people have the leisure to
worry much about various symptoms
and sensations that come to them and
the significance of which they exagger
ate by dwelling on them until they
become positive torments.
It is particularly those who have
not "much to do «nd above all those
who have nothing that they have to do
who suffer most from the affection. It
was common enough, however, In older
times when there was neither so much
diffusion of education nor so large a
leisure class as at present.
The affection that was cured then,
while not always imaginary, was due
evidently to the exaggeration of some
symptoms or group of symptoms which
had so discouraged the patient as to
make him, or oftener her, feel that
some serious disease was at work. As
a r-nnsenuene.« these victims felt
after a street case
of D. T.'s. Aboard
ship the "leather
neck," as his blue
jacket friends call
him, or the "jolly,"
as Kipling /lias It,
sentinels the brig,
lets go the life
buoy when men fall
overboard. mans
the secondary bat
tery and is orderly
for the admiral and
captain.
Also he —the of
ficer of h 1 m—
adorns White
House receptions,
and his band makes
the president's mu
sic.
Vaguely the
public knows that
the United States
marine corps fol
lows—often carries
—the flag all over
the world. Still, it
requires something
sanguinary, like the
Nicaraguan affair,
to attract attention
to this historic, mo
bile, efficient army
of 10.000 officers
and men within the
n aval establish
ment.
Although an ad
junct of the navy,
the corps is older.
Born in a hurry, it
has been on the jump ever since. Be
fore a single American ship was sent
to sea the continental, congress, on
November 10, 1776, adopted a resolu
tion providing for -the raising of two
battalions of marines. The motherland
already had recruited marines in the
colonies, the crown appointing field
officers and the American provinces
nominating the company officers. For
background the corps had the brilliant
traditions of the British service and
compelled to give up various kinds of
exercise and mentil diversions, and
as a further consequence became self
centered and made their uncomfort
able sensations worse than before.
Just as soon as something gave them
confidence enough to live normal lives
their symptoms disappeared.
Some of these chapters in the his
tory of Irregular therapeutics are ex
tremely Interesting. During Crom
well's time in England the lord pro
tector refused to touch for the king's
evil, and there was no one to influence
favorably the many patients who used
to go up to Ijondon for the royal
touch.
One Valentine Gratreakes, an Irish
adventurer, claimed that In a dream,
repeated on three several occasions,
he had been inspired from on high to
touch for various chronic ailments in
of the king. It was not
long before he attracted wide atten
tion. Thousands of persons suffering
from all sorts of chronic diseases, and
particularly those involving pains and
aches, came to him to be touched. He
stroked the affected part a few times
and then sent the patients away with
the assurance that they would be bet
ter, and most of them were.
The king used to give those that he
touched a sovereign. Gratreakes
asked, however, that his patients
should give him a sovereign. He
touched them very effectively for this.
He made a large amount of money, but
he also earned the gratitude of a
great many persons who had tried all
sorts of other remedies without suc
cess.
In the next century a Connecticut
Yankee. Dr. Elisha Perkins, invented
what he called "tractors*." These were
two pieces of metal about the thick
ness of lead pencils, tapering to a
point, and with these in contact with
each other he stroked patients suffer
ing from all sorts of Joint discomfort
and other chronic affections. Galvanls
—— ' ■ — __^,
American Decorative Style
IT is to every artist and architect a
perplexing fact that a country of
such energy and intelligence as
America should not have been able to
create a decorative style exclusively
her own, a thing which every country
of the world more or less possesses.
Even the remotest Island In uncivilized
parts of the earth displays its specific
style.
In this connection, A. Baroggia of
this city, a decorator, who has devoted
all his spare time to a study of the
American aborigines, has placed before
the leading architects and decorative
the fact that four centuries be
fore the Christian era the Phoenicians
carried infantry on theif vessels
of war.
Through the revolution the new
marine corps rendered valiant service.
Three hundred marines landing from
Commodore Hopkins' fleet in 1777 cap
tured the British defenses and stores
on New Providence island. During
the war with Tripoli a small detach
ment under Lieutenant O'Bannon,
metals, the ends of which were in con
tact with each other, had just at
tracted attention all over the world.
Galvani was thought to have discov
ered in galvanism one mode of vital
activity, and physicians particuarly
were looking for wonderful advances
along these lines.
For a time, then, popularly at least,
Perkins was thought to have made a
practical application of Galvani's great
discovery. In spite of cures, however,
his brethren of the wooden nutmeg
state were entirely too cute to be taken
in by him to any extent, and so Per
kins went abroad to exploit his Inven
tion. Just why he should have gone
to Copenhagen, where another doctor
was so successful In modern times. Is
not quite clear, but very shortly after
his arrival he made some wonderful
cures on the persons of members of
the nobility, and then thousands' of
'cured cases" were soon reported.
After this he went over to England
and "cured?" large numbers over there.
Two -English physicians used wooden
sticks, colored to look like Perkins'
metal tractors, and got just as good
results. Even this did not disturb
Perkins* success. Unfortunately, he
ame back to America, declaring that
he could prevent as well .as cure dis
ease, and to demonstrate this pro
eeded to Philadelphia, where an epi
demic of yellow fever was in prog
ress, promising to prevent the affection
n all who took his treatment, but he
himself caught it and died from it.
It is easy to understand that in the
ase cured by both' of these famous
curers" all that wa s needed was a
different attitude of mind on the part
of their patients, and then their pains
nd aches disappeared. It Is not that
bey did not have some real, though
isually slight, pain or ache, but when
hey became interested In m'h.r tv<
experts an original scheme for a purely
American style of decoration. He has
made use of his Ideas in designing the
interior decoration for a grill room,
which gives the reader an inkling of
what he has in mind.
•You will note,' said Mr. Baroggia,
"that my design Is composed purely of
motives found among the Indian tribes
in the United States, and contains noth
ing from the Eskimo or from Central
and South America. For jrovernment
buildings, museums and halls this
grandiose style is appropriate. The
sketch speaks for itself."
Alexandria to Der
many Americans remember—if they
ever knew—that this was the first
American capture of an old world
fortress? How many know whether
It was the last? Marine corps ban
ners ever since have borne the word
"Tripoli."
Space does not permit a full list
ing even of the more famous exploits
of the corps In the war of 1812, the
Mexican, civil and Spanish-American
James J. Walsh, M.D. LL. D.
permitting themselves to think thai
they could eat arid exercise and take
diversions as other people, gradually
their symptoms fell from them. The
really curative measures were the
appetite, air, exercise" and diversion of
mind that they now permitted them
selves, though they had not done so
before.
All down the ages we have had
cures of this kind, but the surprise
always Is the number of persons that
at once gather round any one who
sets HP a claim for a cure of this kind.
It is evident that always there are
a large number in the world whose
sufferings, very real to them, are en
tirely dependent on their state of
mind toward themselves and their
condition.
It must not be thought that in the
century that has passed since Perkins'
time or the two centuries since Great
reakes' the diffusion of education and
of the knowledge of hygiene and
physiology has 'reduced the number
of these persons, who make themselves
ill through dreads or exaggeration of
whatever symptoms are present.
Dowie claimed that he had made
50,000 cures simply by the laying on of
hands, and it must not be forgotten
that many thousands of these persons
were so convinced of his power that
they were quite willing to give him
large sums of money. That is said to
be the strongest evidence of convic
tion on the part of a human being.
While Dowie was alive Schlatter.
the fasting prophet, made his appear
ance in the west, and thousands
flocked to him and many were
cured. Of course, the cure was not
physical, but mental. They were re
lieved of the nosophobia, the dread of
disease that had been hanging over
them. We have examples of thousands
of such persons cured by Eddvlsm in
our own day. They come from the
most intelligent, or at least the better
Informed, classes of our population.
All these "cured" cases, cured of ills
and symptoms of various kinds' that
have been troubling them often for a
prolonged period and for which they
had sought relief In vain from physi
cians, yet cured merely by persuasion
that they ought to get well, or a strok
ing supposed to make them well, or by
a strong conviction that they can not
be 111 because there is no such thing
as illness— all these serve to show
how many people there are suffering
much from affections that are mental
and not physical in origin.
Nearly always there Is some physical
basis, some disturbance of function
such as many persons suffer from and
that the marines fought Spanish pirates
in the West Indies and Malays in
Sumatra, policed public and private
property in the great New York fire
of 1836, chased the treacherous
("reeks and Seminoles through the
Everglades of Florida, repeatedly pre
served the transit across the isthmus
of Panama in compliance with treaty
obligations, and led the army into
Cuba twice since the Spanish-Ameri
can war.
A Historic and Efficient Corps
This merely shows that the active
service of the marine corps in no
small degree has been performed be
tween real wars. Modern wars are so
infrequent that the ordinary military
man is, perforce, largely a creature of
theory. The Cuban campaign provided
scarcely enough war to go around, and
except in the southern islands the
army's Philippine service i s largely
: are not disturbed by, but that proves
a veritable source of torment to sensi
tive persons, who as a consequence
give up ordinary habits of life and
become, to some extent at least, in
valids. There are many more such
persons in the world than we ordi
narily have any idea of until the
coming of some such healer as Great
reakes or Perkins in the olden time,
Or Schlatter or Dowie or Mrs. Eddy In
the modern time emphasizes their
number for us.
In the meantime these sufferers from
the dread of disease nre nursing the
(for them) happy delusion of being
bearers of ills in patience—suffering
that the world knows not of. It was
frequent experience with these that
made the old physician say that
nosophobia, or the dread of disease
produced more suffering than any real
disease.
The suffering is very real, because
all suffering comes from the mind.
Some of it originates there, while some
of it is produced by reflex in the body.
"U Is much worse," said an old
English physician, 'to have nothing
the matter and think that one has
something the matter than to have
something really the matter."
Just as the dread of dirt and the
dread of sharp Instruments and of
heights, the dread of the darkness and
a 1 the other dreads- produce serious
discomfort, so does this dread of dis
ease, and just as self-discipline and
control are required for them, so still
moce are they required for this condi
tion. What those patients need is
he courage to be well, the confidence
. in a physician who knows enough to
be able to tell them that they have
nothing serious the matter and then
such occupation of mind with many
things that they have not time to think
of themselves.
INew BysProduct in Paper Making
DURING the early p ar t of September
a shipment of 90 cords of hemlock
bark from British Co
lumbia to Everett. Wash., by a paper
manufacturing firm. This promises to
be the forerunner of similar shipments,
provided a market can be obtained on
the Pacific coast. The principal draw
back is the freight rate, but this can
probably be overcome, there being a
large tonnage of brick and sand and
gravel scows returning empty from
British Columbia ports. If it is found
that the bark can be shipped in this
manner it is possible that a plant will
The San Francisco bunday Call
garrison duty. The
demands for quick
expeuitonary work
in tropical lati
tudes, the experi
ence in adapting
the force to strange
conditions, the
problems of keep
ing well and effi
cient fall to the lot
of the marine corps,
it takes no Napo
leon to
that when a real
big war comes the
officers' of the ma
rine corps will be
highly qualified by
experience to as
sume import ant
command, for in a
conflict that taxes
the national re
sources the bulk of
the military forces
will be of men who
never have seen
real field service or
been under fire.
No detail of the
corps' history would
be complete with
out a reference to
Chapultepec in the
Mexican war. The
force assigned to
the storming of the
castle was com
manded by Major
Twlgg of the ma
rines, while the
pioneers, with lad
ders, were com
manded by Major
Reynolds, also a
marine. It was sig
n Ific ant of the
globe girdling serv
ice of the corps
that the veterans
of the Mexican
campaign four
years later were
marching through
the streets of Yed
do aa a part of
Commodore Perry's
expedition which
opened feudal Japan
to intercourse with
with the world.
At every turn of
the naval cam
paigns of the civil war the ma
rines acquitted themselves gallantly.
Brushes with the savages of Formosa
and with the Koreans were incidents
of their service in the far east. They
hopped ashore to prevent pillage at
Alexandria, Egypt, in 1882. Early in
the Spanish-American war they took
and held for the navy an advanced
base at Guantanamo, Cuba. With the
allies, the marines marched to Peking
to relieve the legations heroically de
fended by a small detachment of their
comrades. All these Instances are but
excerpts of many brilliant pages of
history. If you know the marines so
well that they don't fear you'll think
they are boasting, they will sing you
their hymn:
From the halls of Montezuma
To the shores of Tripoli
Wp fight our country's battles
On the land and on the sea;
Admiration of the nation.
We're the finest ever seen.
And we glory in the title
Of United States marine.
From the hell bole of Cavite
To the ditch of Panama
You will find them very needy
Of marines—that's what we are.
We're the watch dogs of a pile of coal,
Or we dig a magazin-,
Though our joblots they be manifold,
Who would not be a marine?
Our flag's unfurled to every breeze
Krom dawn to setting sun:
We have fought in every clime and
place
Where we could take a gun.
In the snow of far off northern lands
And in sunny tropic scenes.
You will find us always on the Job —
The United States marines.
Here's health to you and to our corps,
Which we are proud to ser-
be erected for manufacturing tanning
extract or a grinding mill for powder
ing the bark so that it may be shipped
in sacks to reduce the frc-igiit rate.
Formerly the bark was stripped from
the logs at the mill, but owing to the
loss of logs from sinking, on account
of the amount of sap in them, while
being towed from the mill, the bark
is now being taken off at the logging
camp, giving the logs an opportunity
of drying before being put into the
water. After the bark is stripped the
logs are set on end to dry, preparatory
to shipment
In many a strife we have fought for
life
And never lost our nerve.
If the army aril the navy
Eyer look on heaven's scenes
They will find the streets are guarded
by
The United States marines.
Since 1905 the marine corps has been
busy supporting, with the navy, the
American policy of policing the turbu
lent republic s <>f Centra] America.
Neerl] 2,000 marines were sent to
Nicaragua and TOO to Santo Domingo.
Two reasons exist for the employ
ment of the marines. One is that the
organization makes for quick mob
ilization and movement. The marine
corps as a whole is the unit of or
ganization, not the company. For
instance, if there are two companies
of marines at the Norfolk navy yard
and orders come for one to proceed
to Philadelphia, thence to Santo Do
mingo on the Prairie, one full
pany immediately responds.
of sending one company off minus*
sick and absent members, one full
company is made up from the two.
The marine corps transports are the
naval vessels, always ready. The
army would have to wait for trans
ports to be commissioned or bought.
The other reason for their employ
ment is the fiction which the powers
carefully have cherished that marines
are not troops of If a
nation starts its army toward another*
country it is accepted as creating a
state of war. The marine, thanks to
the fine spun distinctions of the diplo
matist, can land, ostensibly "to pro
tect foreign life and property," but he
is not regarded as a sure enough in
vader. He is expected to be off about
his business elsewhere tomorrow. He
may even shoot up the natives or have
a hot little battle like that In Nicar
agua without any one admitting that
there is war.
They Are Always on the Job
In the International comedy drama,
"Let George Do It," George is the
marine soldier and sailor, too, and
diplomatist also. His many sided char
acter has drawbacks and disadvan
tages. The Taft administration feels
obligated to sustain the established
government of turbulent republics; in
other words, to help the beleaguered
governments to put down revolutions
that have proved too much for them. H
This would seem to imply force, but as
a diplomatist the marine comes on the
ground with instructions never to fire
unless obliged to. He is expected to
carry off the situation by looking
fierce.
For years prior to the Nicaraguan
brush he had done this, but he realized
that the Latin-Americans were cultivat
ing an idea that he was bluffing an««ja
might not fight. This idea took wings
before the crackling of rifles that
swept up the Barranca at Masaya. For
once the hobbles were off. When Rear
Admiral Southerland's report was de-
Marines Building Bridge.
ciphered at the navy department stat
ing that four marines had been killed,
the first question was:
"What was the rebel los 3?"
"Very heavy," was the reply.
The fight followed a month of "near
fighting." Battle hung in the balance
one Sunday, when Colonel Charles G.
Long took two tiainloads of blue
jackets and marines into the town of
Leon. The rebels were waiting, in
trenched at the station in the adjoin
ing plaza. Each rebel rifleman had
picked his man, and the Maxim guns
were trained on the Americans. No
orders had been given the marines to
load, but somehow their guns were
loaded, and the guns covered the rebel
Maxims. There they stood, face to
face, while Colonel Long demanded
that the rebel leader give up the roll
ing stock he had captured from the
railroad. An engagement would have
been serious, but the rebel leader
would not risk It. Transit on the rail
road was resumed, with bluejackets
and marines manning the engines and
marine officers serving as division
superintendents. Kipling never saw
anything like that.
Sometimes the marines have gained
their point by acting, sometimes by
refraining from acting. once, after
they had entered the boats to land at
Santo Domingo City, they returned to
the ship. Had they set foot on the
beach the American minister, Thomas
C. Dawson, at that moment with the
president in the palace, probably
would have been murdered.
The visitors to an American battle
ship today will find little of the old
time Idea that bluejackets look down
on marines. That was a reminder
of former days when the marines were
the pohce aboard ship. The marine
of the Amencan navy has proved him
seK a good sallorman as well as
■oldie*. He makes as good a gun
pointer under similar conditions, and
he can stand up against his bluejacket
mate with the boxing gloves. The
service of the marine ashore leaves
nothing to be desired. Their motto "
Semper fidelis." but these letters
should be added: A. O. T. J. (Alwrnam *
on the Job). «A*ways

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