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BALKAN LEAGUE DEALS LIGHTLY WITH OTTOMANS While Armistice Endures Belligerent Armies Shall Not Make Any Hostile Preparation or Move BULGARS ARE SAID TO BE EXHAUSTED Allies as Well as Turkey Want War to Cease and Peace Is Predicted the peace negotiations will be difficult and protracted. The question of holding an European ambassadorial conference is undecided, but the International situation is much more peaceful. The Servian govern ment denies the reported preparations for a conflict with Austria, while the Austrian press is much less bellicose. Telegraphing from Sofia, the Daily Mail's correspondent asserts that the allies will demand from Turkey as a war indemnity £48,000,000 ($240,000, --000). The correspondent at Constanti nople of the same paper says: After the armistice 4 is signed an Interval of a week will elapse for the appointment of plenipoten tiaries to negotiate peace. The Bulgarians have shown consider able conciliation in the last few days. They are beginning to realize they are too exhausted ever to break the Tchatalja lines. The allies are beginning to dispute among themselves, which is an ad ditional reason for wishing to fin ish the war quickly. The terms of the armistice, accord ing to the Constantinople correspond ent of the Standard, provide that the armies shall remain in their present position and cease intrenching, rein forcing or bringing up ammunition. Adrianople and Scutari shall not be evacuated, but their garrisons shall re ceive rations daily sufficient for one day. Bulgaria, the correspondent adds, Is willing that Adrianople shall remain Turkish, providing Turkey will pay an indemnity of 5250.000.000. A Constantinople dispatch to the Daily Telegraph quotes the Turkish foreign "minister as saying that the protocol of the armistice contains no statement of general conditions of peace, but merely provides for a mili tary status quo. The minister further declares that Turkey is now in a position to nego tiate favorable terms because Tchatalja has been rendered impregnable. In conclusion he said: For the moment only two things are in view—the signature of the protocol of the armistice and the immediate commencement of direct communications with the delegates of the Balkan coalition as to the iditions of peace. A Brindisi dispatch to the same pa per says: The rift between and Greece is growing. There is no partition treaty between the allies, and Bulgaria is trying to magnify the result of her victories, while minimizing those of Servia and Greece. FERDINAND IS AMBITIOUS Bulgaria is now claiming dispro portionate aggrandizement in the conquered territory. Ferdinand wishes Bulgaria to bo as large as <ireece and Servia combined, but his anxiety to claim the lion's share of spoils jeopardizes the successful termination of the war. He kept idle for 16 days 60,000 troops at Saloniki. while his victorious legions arrived before Tchatalja too weak to face the lines. Waking up rather late to the danger, King Ferdinand asks Greece to send transports for his idle troops, with the double pur pose of conjuring the danger he • reated and enhancing Bulgaria's share. Through a private repre sentative in Constantinople he sug gests to the grand vizier to ask Bulgaria for an armistice, thereby stopping the porte from prosecut ing the negotiations opened with Greece. • The Greek and* Servian armies, lost no time, though needing rest badly. The Greeks, after taking Saloniki, started for Monastir, the two carrying on the war as true allies. But Kervia's hands are tied by a secret antl -Austrian treaty with Bulgaria. Meantime the com mon enemy, knowing that dissen sions prevailed, is not to be found tractahle. The command of the sea by the Greek fleet prevents the Turks even now from doing some thing to lessen the sacrifices to which they have to submit. THOSE WHO WILL MOM An official announcement confirms the statement that the armistice proto col will be signed "Monday or Tues day." Those who will attach their signa tures are Nazim Pasha, war minister nnd commander in chief of the Turkish forces;- Rechad Pasha and Rlsa Pasha, also representing Turkey; General Savoff, generalissimo of the Bulgarian army; Doctor Daneff, president of the Bulgarian chamber of deputies, and General Fltcheff, Bulgarian chief of staff. The armistice provides that fortified Siaces may be provisioned and that le eiege of Turkish ports and islands is to be contemporarily considered as raised. In the event of a breakdown of the peace negotiations the contracting par ties must give 48 hours* notice before resuming hostilities. MEETING OF PEACE ENVOYS IS CORDIAL CONSTANTINOPLE. Dec. I.— The meetings of the peace delegates have been held near the bridge spanning the river Karasu, between Tchatalja and Hademkeui. The Bulgarians arrived on horseback Tuesday and Wednesday. Thursday Nazim Pasha, the Turkish . ommander In chief, entertained at luncheon. The Turks arrived early, but there was no sign of the Bul garians. Presently the .approach of a train froro-rTchatalja was reported. Nazim Pasha was skeptical, not believing that the Bulgarians could repair the bridges, which had been blow n up. A Bul garian train soon appeared, however, nnd 11 sat down to lunchepn. Gen* era! Savoff. the Bulgarian chief, found Xazijn Pasha talked Turkish, while the others employed the French lan guage. It seemed to be a cordtal gath ering. The sultan yesterday sent salu tations to the troops ,with gifts of tobacco. There were 48 eases of cholera in Con stantinople Saturday with nine deaths. The total number of cases since No \ ember 5 officially Is reported at 843, with 415 deaths. Travelers from Dedeaghatch de si ribed the massacre of Moslems by the Bulgarians when they entered that •own, which is reported to be typical of what is happening throughout Macedonia. The first Bulgarians to «nt«#were an irregular band ©f not ROBERT COLLEGE IS SPIED UPON Taught Civic Liberty to the Balkan Students Robert college, the famous American institution near Constantinople, and Rev. H. K. Sanborne, prominent pastor of Oakland and former member of the college faculty, who gives account of its important influence upon the present Balkan situation. Turks Always Regarded School as an Enemy Of Their Country OAKLAND, Dec. I.—When Christo pher Robert, a wealthy merchant of New York city, founded an American college in Constantinople in 1863 he endowed an institution which was to have a most important part in mold ing affairs in Turkey, according to Rev. H. K. Sanborne of this city, former member of the faculty, who believes that the American ideals of civil and religious liberty which are taught there have been responsible largely for the outbreak which recently occurred in the Balkans. Robert college was founded as a non sectarian Christian institution which was to be open to Turks and to the Inhabitants of the surrounding prov inces. Rev. Mr. Sanborne, now pastor of Brooklyn Presbyterian church of this city, was at the head of the depart ment of mathematics- When seen at his home, 1846 Tenth avenue, he said he believed that the American teach ings which the curriculum dwelt on had been a most important factor in leading the Bulgarians to revolt against the Turkish yoke. BLLGAR STUDENTS IV MAJORITY "For many years the Bulgarians ha\;e been more numerous as students and graduates at Robert college than any other nationality," said the clergyman. "There were a large number of Ar menians, Greeks and others, bnt the Bulgarians nearly always have been In the majority. As for Turks, we had more than 130. A shot was fired from the mosque, which was flying the white flag; whereupon the Bulgarians demolished the mosque with bombs and burned and looted the Turkish quar ter and massacred 500 persons. More than 100 bodies were counted In the streets, some of which were those of Christians. All Turkish shops were plundered, the roughs of the town taking part in the pillaging. The Greek bishop acted with courage and sent a boat to Be sika bay to request help. The foreign warship sent several boats Into the harbor at night carrying big lights to make them look like warships. Dedea ghatch was garrisoned only by irregu lars. The last train departing before the Bulgarian arrival was stormed by fugi tives. One of the engineers was bit ten on the hands and legs by frenzied \vomen who tried to climb Into the en gine. The last train of all was cap tured. I TURKEY WOULD JOIN BALKAN LEAGUE PARIS, Dec. I.—The Constintihople correspondent of the Temps gives, under reserve, the main lines of a peace scheme as outlined by Turkish semiofficial sources. According to this scheme Greece gets Epirus, Servia gets Old Servia and NovipaJfiax, and Bulgaria gets Thrace, following the frontier from Mldia to Dedeaghatcli or Kavalala, but exclud ing Adrianople. which remains con nected with Constantinople and the Autonomy is to be granted to Mace donia, with Salonlki a« the-capital. Al bania, minus a part <.;eded to Monte negro and also the provinces. Is placed under the suzerainty of the Balkans. The final condition ts the admission of Turkey to the Balkan league. ■ According to Information' In official circles tonight, Sir Edward Grey's sug gestion for a conference of ambas sadors to consider the Balkan settle ment Is meeting with opposition from members of the triple alliance, who de sire that the conference be held In a neutral city, such as Berne, The Hague or Brussels, and not In the capital of one of the powers interested. If this objection is maintained It is THE BEST OF CHRISTMAS GIFTS A DIAMOND Is there any gift for man or woman so acceptable, so much to be desired or *q permanent ly valuable as a really fine dia mond? The stock of .Diamonds, Watches, Jewelry and Silver ware is larger and more varied than ever before. You are cordially invited to call and view this" marvelous display. Christmas gifts can be selected now and laid aside. A. ANDREWS Diamond Palace 15 KEARNY STREET Established ISSO. THE SAN FRANCISCO CALL, MONDAY, DECEMBER 2, 1912. very few when I was there and the few"wo had we looked upon largely as spies sent by the government to un cover anything derogatory to the Turk ish government which we might be teaching. "No Turk graduated from Robert college in the first 25 years of its ex istence, and I understand that very few have graduated since. The Turks feel an animosity toward the institu tion and believe that it is a menace to the sultan because it teaches the peo ple of the outlying provinces their first lessons in liberty as Americans know it. "And in this, I think, they are justi fied. Robert college has done much to give the people who study there the essence of religious and civic liberty, and I am convinced that it has been an important factor in shaping the plans that have been forming for many years In the minds of Bulgarians. I know that the Bulgarians secretly have planned for many years to strike when the occasion offered, and thousands considered it will be difficult to come to an agreement, for It Is pointed out that "a meeting of the ambassadors" implies the choice of a capital where the ambassadors, already accredited, could represent their governments; whereas the choice of. a neutral city would Involve the sending of special envoys. This really would be" a congress and there then would be no reason why delegates from the belligerent states as well as Roumanla should not be ad mitted thereto. AUSTRIA IS FIRM REGARDING SERVIA VIENNA, Dee\ I.—A majority of the Vienna newspapers view the situation more hopefully, chiefly on account of the report that Russia has given assur ances to Austria that she does not In tend to support all of Servla's ambi tions. Most of the Journals think the climax of the crisis is passed, but there is no sign that Servia has abandoned her at titude on the question of an Adriatic port. «*■ ... The Neve Freie Presse says that dur ing the present negotiations Servia de manded from the i-ession of the — -REBUILT LOCOMOBILES It is folly for a man who has a limited amount to spend for a car and wants to get something good to think he does wisely to buy a low-priced new automobile. Gears, shafts, axles and frames must of necessity be of cheaper steel, more hastily finished and put to gether; detail and refinement of both design and construction must be sacrificed to price and quantity. In a Rebuilt Locomobile you obtain thatjiigh quality of con struction that can not be duplicated in a new lower grade car. Same guarantee as given with new cars. « Demonstration by Appointment ®"~ I HocMobileCo.ofAmerica|l§| 200 Van Ness Avenue, San Francisco xggjjigg/ _ ; , i ill . Principles of Freedom Have Been Fruitful In Institution have raised their families with no other object than that they should offer their services In a time of need. REBELLION NEVER TAUGHT '•Robert college never taught rebel lion nor did it at any time seek to in flame the minds of the students against the Turkish government." This was what the spies of the government tried to discover against us. Robert college merely was founded as a Christian In stitution in a Mohammedan land and with the most beneficent and philan thropic motives. The teachings always have been along tfie broadest line in every way, and rebellion is not taught, directly or indirectly. • "The keynote of the thing Is that the college has given a glimpse of real lib erty to a people who have had no ink ling of such in all their lives. To this extent it is responsible for the out break in the Balkans." The institution was founded with a gift of $400,000 from Robert. It is sit uated in Rumili Hissar, on the Bos phorus, in the outskirts of the old city of Constantinople. It is organized un der the laws of the state of New York and its officers live there. It has an endowment of $250r040 and the grounds consist of 15 acres. On the grounds are three buildings, besides a gymna sium, a president's house and two houses for the use of professors. It has an average enrollment of 300 and Is said to .he one of the most unique collegiate institutions in the world. whole Albanian coast from Montenegro to Durazzo, which the Turkish dele gates refused. Inspired journals insist that Austria will veto absolutely the acquisition by Servia of territory on the Albanian coast and a strip through Albania, but will not object to Servia using an Al banian port under Albanian sov ereignty. DEACE MAY BE MADE 1 IN BULGAR CAPITAL SOFIA, Dec. I.—No meeting of the peace delegates was held today, accord ing to information received here. The Greek representatives failed to receive the necessary instructions from their The council of ministers is holding a protracted session in Sofia, and the gov ernment circles are optimistic and hope for a favorable report tomorrow. The Bulgarians are reported to have pro posed that the peace negotiations be held in Sofia, and It is not anticipated that the Turks will object. The Mir says that the Karagateb barracks, near Adrianople, was set on fire by Bulgarian shells, the flames spreading to many other buildings in that section. BILLION DOLLAR FUND BILL CHIEF CONGRESS IRK Throughout Session, Open ing Today, Will Run Preparations for Extra Call Continued Prom Pmtce 1 as the unfinished business of the senate from the preceding session, and even if no action is taken will probably prove interesting. By unanimous agreement Senator Page's bill providing for co operation between the states and fed eral government to encourage instruc tion in agriculture, the trades and in dustry is to be taken up after the sin-* gle term resolution Is out of the way. Senator Kenyon's bill to prohibit the shipment of intoxicating liquors Into dry states is the subject of a special order for December 17. LITTLE HOPE FOR BILLS In addition to these measures, the bill to establish a department of labor, which has already passed the house, will be called up by Senator Borah. The prediction is, however, that few measures of consequence will pass. Speaker Champ Clark and Repre sentative Mann, the minority leader, estimate the house will have only 26 legislative days which may be devoted to the passage of appropriation bills. Eliminating Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays, which are devoted to special kinds of legislation under the houso rules, there remains actually less than one month for ttie consideration of annual budgets, which will carry In the aggregate $1,000,000,000. Under the circumstances, members of the house do not anticipate any general legislation of importance will get through during the short session. Special rules are pending making priv ileged the Adamson bill, providing for the physical valuation of railroads and also authorizing the government to in vestigate the feasibility of acquiring Monteclllo, now the property of Rep resentative Jefferson Levy. Representative Clayton, chairman of the judiciary committee, wants a special rule to take his resolution pro viding for a six year term for the president. Outside of these three special meas ures the indications are that the ses sion of the house will be devoted en tirely to appropriation bills and various special measures now upon the routine calendar. While the house proper grinds away at.the annual budgets, the ways and means committee will begin its tariffi hearings. Representative Underwood plans to begin these early in January, and they will continue probably into the extra session. Fifteen appropriation bills carry more than $1,000,000,000 for the sup port of the government. Throughout the session will run the preparatory work for the extra session to be called soon after President elect Wilson takes office. Committees will thrash out questions of tariff, currency and antitrust legislation. It is assured, say legislative lead ers, that there will be no tariff legis lation this winter. Neither Is it ex pected that the currency nor anti-trust problems will receive much attention, the principal work of the session be ing confined to preparation for the democratic administration. LABOR BUREAU RUSHED Important measures to receive atten tion include the bill for a department of labor, which Senator Borah said to day would be pressed for immediate action; the Sheppard-Kenyon bill, pre venting shipments of all liquor into "dry" states; the Page bill to give fed eral aid to vocational and agricultural schools and the resolution for a con stitutional amendment limiting a presi dent to a single term of six years. The annual estimates for appropriations are ready and will be sent to the house to morrow noon. President Taft's message will be brought in Tuesday. Chairman Fitzgerald of the house appropriations committee had not reached his office today, but a sub committee has completed the first ap propriation bill and It will be passed on by the full committee tomorrow. This measure carries appropriations for salaries in the legislative, executive and judicial branches of the govern ment. Committees have been at work on other measures and a string of appro priation bills will be poured into the house during the next few weeks. Ac tivity in the senate usually is limited until the house has completed some of the appropriation measures, but this year the impeachment trial of Judge Archbald will engross the senate from the beginning of the session. Almost Disappeared From Home They thought she had gone away, but mistaken. $1 a week changed her looks. 59 Stockton st.. upstairs.—Advt. UNION OIL MAN GOES WITH BIG SHIPPING FIRM Ralph H. Handy, who has resigned from Union Oil after years of service. Becomes Manager of Fuel Department of One of the Ralph H. Handy, who has been as sociated with the Un'on Oil company of California for mar.y years past, has resigned his positloi to become man ager of the oil fuel department of the shipping firm of W. R. Grace & Co., one of the greatest ocean freight lines in the world. Handy Was, a pioneer in the develop ment of the California oil industry and Is known widely in the Bakersfleld and Coalinga districts. He is one of the best inform*! oil men in the west. His new duties will require him to leave shortly on a business trip to the west coat of South America, whither he will be accompanied by his family. JUDGE FACES SENATE TRIAL WASHINGTON, Dec. I.—Judge Rob ert W. Archbald of the United States commerce court will appear before the senate Tuesday to stand trial under articles of impeachment found against him by the house of representatives. The charges against Judge Archbald are that he engaged In business deals with litigants in his court and sought favors from them to an extent that constituted "crime and misdemeanor." Judge Archbald denied any of his acts were of an impeachable character. Paul Elder's Holiday Annex Books, Brochures, Cards, Calendars, Tokens and the Golliwoggs. 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Use Fast Telegrams Day Letters THE WESTERN UNION TELEGRAPH COMPANY BALZAC LOVE TALE IN FRENCH LIFE Fanny Desprez Bequeaths Fortune as Memorial to Cavalry Officer PARIS, Dec. I.—lt reads like Balzac —like the tenderer Balzacr of "Eugenic Grandet." Sixty-five years ago Mile. Fanny Desprez, daughter of a notary in a sleepy little town of France, fell in love with a handsome cavalry offi cer. Mile. Desprez was then !n her teens. The toast of the countryside, all the eligible young men of the town were at her little feet. It was not alone to the "beaux yeux" of her fa ther's purse that they paid court, for Mile. Fanny had fine eyes of her own. The cavalry officer was dashing, as a cavalry officer ought to be. He wore his uniform with an air, and his sword and his spurs clanked bravely. Alas! They were all that he had to clank, and M. Desprez, grasping and ambitious, had ears open for another kind of music. NOT A DESIRABLE SON IN LAW In brief, the young officer had not a penny beyond his pay, and the notary would have none* of him for son In law No more than Eugenic Grandet did Mile. Fanny think of denying her fa ther's authority. These were not the days of "fair ladles in revolt." Months and years passed, and left M. Desprez adamant. The dashing young officer changed his garrison and forgot, per haps. But he was not forgotten. OK summer nights Mile. Desprez would wander under the stars in the garden so that the neighbors called her, half In jest and half In pity. "La Belle Etoile." A year ago she died, at the age of 85, having never left the little town in which she had loved and lost and been faithful. MEMORIAL TO HER SWEETHEART When her will was read it was found that she had left the whole of her considerable fortune—almost $400. --ooo—to the Friendly Association of Ex-Pupils of the School of the Legion of Honor, on condition that it should offer as often as possible a dowry of $20,000 to a former scholar chosen by the governing body. But the favored girl must, within three years of being thus dowered, marry a cavalry officer without fortune and a Catholic. Alas! for the pestilent human nature of expectant heirs! The surviving rel atives of Mile. Desprez, distant cousins, have announced their intentions of dis puting the will. But, romantlo as she was, Mile. Desprez was not for nothing the daughter of a notary. It is prob able that the courts will uphold the provisions of the will, and so the wealth which could not give its owner happiness may bring to others their hearts' desire. CROFORD FLIES IN ALAMEDA ALAMEDA, Dec. I.—Herbert Croford, the aviator who flew his biplane from Ingleside to the local aviation field re cently, performing the feat in 45 min utes, made several flights at the field ♦oday. He carried a passenger on each occasion. His highest altitude was about 800 feet.