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The San Francisco call. [volume] (San Francisco [Calif.]) 1895-1913, December 15, 1912, Image 53

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Country Has Neither Perfect
Constitutionalism Nor
Purely Absolutist Re
gime, Says Witte
Congress of Aristocracy
Hurls Its Defiance at
Russia and the Urga
Special Cable to Tbe Call
ST. PETERSBURG, Dec. 14.—"Rus
sia." says Count Wltte, the most dis
tinguished living: Russian statesman, "is
in a periort of transition: the country
having neither perfect constitutionalism
nor a purely absolutist regime. Neither
liberals nor conservatives were com
pletely satisfied with the imperial mani
festo announcing the introduction of tHe
new constitution."
The liberals at first strove after a
form of parliament which has not been
contemplated by the October manifesto,
forgetting that history, like nature,
does not work by leaps and bounds. The
conservatives cherished the illusion that
they could obtain the withdrawal of the
manifesto, forgetting that it was an un
shakable act proceeding from the will
of the monarch. These two opposing
currents naturally brought about a cha
otic situation. At the present moment
chaos is being transformed into a cos
The right road, corresponding to the
logic of history, has not yet been found,
but there is justification for the hope,
based upon the logical course of history,
that Russia is on the way to the devel
opment of a conservative constitutional
Contrasted with the state of supine
exhaustion which followed the wasting
war witli Japan, internal disorders,
commercial depression, dislocation of
the railway and postal services and
financial chaos. Russia has now a rap- i
idly expanding revenue, a foreign trade
which is Increasing by leaps and bounds
both in imports and exports, and a
flourishing domestic industry which is
prevented from taking full advantage
of its opportunities by the monetary
impossibility of supplying it with the
full measure of its requirements of raw
Minister President Kokovtsoff ex
presses himself as sanguine that the
Muscovite empire has a magnificent
future. Since 1906 the aggregate area
of peasants' holdings has been in
creased by some 12,000,000 acres, of
which half was formerly in the hands
of big unproductive estate owners —the
"little czars."
Asked to indicate the principal cause
of this great change, M. Kokovtsoff
said to me:
"In my firm conviction there has
been only one cause: Russia has
165.000,000 efficient and industrious In
habitants: she has every variety of
climate, from the arctic to the sub
tropical: her natural resources are im
measurable, and just as immeasurable
are her population's capacity for work
and its incontestable skill. In these
eircumPtances lies the key to an ap
parently insoluble puzzle. If peace,
both foreign and domestic is assured.
1f the population is afforded an oppor
tunity of exploiting its powers of labor
In tranquillity and independence, if it
!s thereby assisted by information and
a good administration, my view assur
e-ill be accepted,' that every one
who loves Russia and believes In her
future must, like myself, be a con
vinced advocate of 'economic optim
ism.' "
At Czestochowa, In Russian Poland, a
few days ago, a policeman attempted
to arrest a notorious bandit named
Koslowski, who thereupon shot and
wounded the officer and also a passer
by. Koslowski then fled to th« Paullst
monastery at Jasnagora, where he con
cealed himself with a companion In a
nestlon. When the police arrived two
bombs were thrown at them.
The bandits next fired at the police,
and the authorities found It necessary
to requisition troops. A regiment of In
fantry and two squadrons of cavalry
surrounded the monastery and opened,
fire with quick firing guns. The bandlte
kept up a vigorous reply.
After midnight soldiers placed under
the bastion wall a pyroxlime bomb,
which exploded, and the shots from the
bastion ceased. The police entered the
breach and found Kosloweki's body,
mangled and pierced with bullets. The
other bandit had disappeared, and it Iβ
believed that he still is concealed in the
During the four hours of the siege
the bandits' shots wounded two police
men, one workman and a woman.
The proud nobles in Mongolia have
risen in revolt against the Urga alliance
with Muscovy. Like the fathers of the
American commonwealth (though In a
very different spirit and with anything
but altruistic motives), they have as
sembled in a congress of notables and
hurled defiance at Russia in the follow
ing "declaration of independence :
"We are amazed to learn that the
kutukhta and his associates have con
cluded a convention with Russia where
by Russia has been granted a practical
to what appears to bo the whole
. .'. Mongolia. Therefore, we, princes,
dykea Md dignitaries of inner and
outer Mongolia, having formed aq^or
ganized association for the naore ef
fective representation of Mongolian in
terests, and bMn* the hereditary and
lpgal representatives of the people of
Mongolia, hereby declare that we have
not recognized and will not recognize
the right of the Crga politically or
otherwise to represent or act in the
name or on behalf of Mongolia. Wo
announce to the world any treaty
nr treaties made or conrinded by the
Urga kutukhta with any foreign coun
try <5r countries are an«i muit be null
and without effect."
Heir ta Throne of Austria
Much Interested in Army
latest photograph of Archduke Francis Ferdinand, heir presumptive to the throne of Austria-Hungary, and his family. Mrs. Lewis Harcourt (seated), formerly Miss Mary Burns of Nei»
York, *>ho shortly is to entertain the prince of xvalcs at Nuneham park, Oxfordshire, and the duchess of Marlborough. vho is giving much of her time to the relief of the London poor.
After Spending 23 Years as
Cattle Rancher Cecil Tal
bot Has Succeeded to
Title of Brother
(Copyright 3f112<
Specie! Cable to Tbe Call
LONDON", Dec. 14. —After spending 23
years in the far west, Ce'cfl Talbot has
returned to England to succeed his
brother as Lord Grey de Ruthyn. lie is
delighting his guests at the beautiful
country house of tlfTs ancient and aris
tocratic family by anecdotes of his
career as a stock raiser in the wonder
ful west of the American continent.
In 1889, accompanied by Harold Low
ther, brother to the speaker of the
house" of commons, Cecil Talbot settled
in Montana. Those were the days of
real ranching, when the west was free,
wild and woolly. Before any limit was
set upon grazing land they had, hie
lordship says, as many as 40,000 cattle,
the roundup sometimes necessitating
the boys going out for a distance of
200 miles to gather the cattle to
"But," says the peer, "those days are
gone. Big ranching is practically over.
The land is all being fenced off. Just as
it is being parceled out here in Eng
land, having been sold in lots to the
settlers, who within the last few years
have literally poured into the country."
Lord Grey says he enjoyed the ranch
ing life immensely, and he admits that
both Lowther and himself '"did very
well." He intends to reside in Eng
land, but will make occasional trips
across to America to look after his 2,000
acres in Montana. As to the prospects
of Canada, he believes It is bound to
continue to go ahead, and that any
young fellow who is prepared to work
hard and persevere and leave drink
alone has a good future out there.
The courts, after all, are not to be
troubled with the affairs of a prom
toent member of the house of lords and
his good lady. The latter, although
she has had to endure much humilia
tion through the gallantries of her
husband, has yielded to the persuasion
of her friends and consented to let
matters drop for the sake of the
Bonar Law received a large number
of letters from the more extreme ranks j
of his supporters expressing their
gratitude for the disorder created re
cently in the house of commons. It irf
reported that he also received the fol
lowing from Miss Chrlstabel Park
hurst: "Warm congratulations on the
success of your brilliant methode. Wel
come you as a new ally In our cause,
and in future hope to be able to rely
upon your championship.
"Man, the Hunter," was the subject
of a speech made by Lady Aberconway
when presiding at a meeting ot tbe
National Council for Public Morale
held at her house in Belgrave square.
Mans nature, her ladyship cays. Is
twofold. On the one side he Is a
hunter, and of hie game woman is the
On the other hand, a second nature
is always striving with the first—the
nature of the guardian angel who
spreads Its wings over woman and
helps her upward to the land of purity
and happiness which he sees in bis
It is no light or easy matter, ob
serves her ladyship, for a man to turn
his back on some of the prejudices of
his sex and declare for an equal mor
ality. It is for women to support this
movement. We have passed the stage
where women, of position, married
I women of unblemished character, stood
I alone and turned their backs on the
others. The cause of womanhood is
one, and any wrong thing that is done
to any woman is a ehame for every
Lady Aberconway oays, that the
shame and disgrace of the traffic which
\n to be met by the white slave traffic
bill rests on the government which al
lows the vast organization of the social
evil to grow up. She asserts that the
nsf ot the lash in Canada as punish
ment for offenses against women and
girls lias boen followed by a 70 per
cent reduction in this class of crime.
Ilrlr of KinperoT Franrln Jont-ph later-
cited Iβ Mobilization
Special Cable to Tbe Cell
VIKXXA, Dec. It.—As the Emperor
T'*ran<-iK Joseph shows more and more
the enfeebling effects of advanced age
"Ocular Proof , of Descent
High An Done in Tattooing
Special Cable to The Call
PARIS, Dec. Mj ift Paul Rlcb
ard In ■ polite young man. and
knows hovr one ought to behave,
especially In the presence of
ladles, so when, very early In
the morning, he was asked for a
light by an Individual who had
two young women on his right
and left, he tendered his match
box with elegance. In a moment
his arms were seised, and the
two women were making an ex
haustive Inventory of the con
tents of his pockets. When Rich
ard recovered himself he set off
In pursuit of the trio, vfhose ar
rest, with the aid of a couple of
policemen, he managed to
achieve. At the police station
the man who wished for a light
proudly declared his name and
condition as "Achllle Watteau,
descendant of the great French
painter.* ,
"Really, ,, said the commissary,
in a tone of polite skepticism.
"Do you doubt my word?" said
Achllle, in a sudden fury. "Then
I give you ocular proof. ,. And
before the commissary could pro
test the prisoner tore off his
clothes. His whole body was a
network of tattooing. The most
charming pastorals of the mas
ter. Including the "L'Embarq.ue
ment pour Cythere," were care
fully picked out on the rather
grimy epidermis of hia self
styled descendant.
public interest in Austria-Hungary is
centering on the Archduke Ferdinand,
bis son and heir.
The archduke is the son of the em
peror's eldest brother, Charles Louis,
who died In 1396. He is 49 years old,
having been born in 1863. He morgan
atically married the Countess Sophie
Chotek in 1900, who in October, 1909,
had the title duchess of Hohenberg- con
ferred on her. The archduke renounced
the claim of their issue to the throqe,
so that his children have no hope of
being more than the children of Aus
tria-Hungary's future ruler.
Archduke Ferdinand is interested
particularly in the mobilization of the
Austrian army, and in the event of war
between that country and Servia he
will be 1 a prominent figure "at the
Bin. L.«irfa Harcourt Sooii Iβ to Enter
tain Prince of Wale*
• Special Cable to The Call
LONDON, Dec. 14.—Mrs. Lewis Har
court ia to shortly entertain the prince
of Wales at Nuneham park, Oxford
shire, which ia one of the most beauti
ful of English country homes. Before
her marriage Mrs. Harcrourt was Miss
Mary Burns, daughter of Walter 11.
Burns of New York.
Special Cable to Tbe Call
LONDON, Dec. 14.—50 serious is the
shortage of junior officers in the navy
that it has been decided to commission
as lieutenants —probably 100—royal
naval reserve officers in the merchant
service. Navy lieutenants number now
1,959, or 61 fewer than a year ago, al
though more are needed by the commis
sioning: of new ships. Twelve months
ago only 48 destroyers were in foil com
mission in home waters; there are now
11, and 40 more will be added next year.
Descendant of Most Power
ful Families in Church
Likely to Be the Next
Pope, Is Gossip
Special Cable to Tbe Call
(Copyright, 1912t
ROME, Dec. 14.—1n the heart of old
Rome, at the baptismal font of a
church crumbling to dust—a still
lovely fane which was old when
Rienzi ruled over patrician and pleb—
sP young man was pointed out to me by
a friend from the' Vatican as "the most
promising youth in the universe." The
individual so described was garbed in
the clerical soutane and wore his Jet
black hair closely cropped to the skull.
The face was the color of death,
angular to saturnine, but the eyes were
like livid lamps in somber shades and
the forehead was Augustan.
We stood to one side as Fra Angelo
Colonna Wolsey Borgia passed out of
the church, missal in hand, on his way
to the monastery of the Benedictines.
"He surely will be pope, if he lives,"
whispered niy friend as the dark priest
became a speck in the sunlit distance.
Later he told me about him.
Fra Angelo is the protege of two of
the most powerful members of the
Sacred college—the American cardinal,
Moris. Falconio, and Cardinal Ram
polla, who was Leo's secretary of state
and whose papal ambitions were
quenched by the cold waters of the
Austrian veto. He unites in his veins
the blood of the Borgias, the Colonna?
and the English papal aspirant of
Tudor times. Cardinal Wolsey. lie was
dedicated to the church from infancy
and has risen rapidly since ordination.
Speaking every important living lan
guage, possessing a passionate craving
for knowledge of the widest and
deepest range, Fre Angelo is states
man and savant, and yet a mere slip of
a yfcuth. Despite his dark looks, he is
said to possess a, kind heart and lov
able traits. Next month he is to be
assigned as one of the assistant secre
taries to Cardinal del Val—a step
which many hope will lead to the tiara.
Czar of Bulgaria Would Be Emperor
of the Balkans
Special C«ble to Tbe Call
ROME, Doc. 14.—A1l is not peace and
harmony between the four kings who
have been tickling the toes of the Turk
in the Balkan war. Ferdinand of Bul
garia would be emperor of the Balkans.
So sure was he of thie desired con
summation of the campaign In Thrace
that he ordered from a famous Vene
tian art firm a mosaic portrait of his
consort and himself as "emperor and
empress of the Balkans."
Tt was the brief news paragraph
which ehronieled this order that came
close to disrupting the 'holy alliance"
of 1912.
The king of the Greeks liked not the
idea of salaaming to the sophist of
Sofia. The queen of the Greeks liked
the prospect still less. And a hint was
conveyed to the cwir of the Bulgarians
that he had better whisk away the
Former New York Woman
To Entertain Crown Prince
Perfuming by Hypodermic
American Starts a Craze
T . „
? Special Cable to Tbe Call
i PARIS, Dee. 14.—The latest
I of fashionable Pariaiennee Iβ
* perfuming by hypodermic injec-
I Hon. Tbe whlui of a clever and
* popular American society leader,
i Mr*. "Bobby" McCreary, gave It
? Mrs. McCreary nai entertaln
f ing Nome women friends in ber
I obnrmlng little flat, which looks
£ rißhi down upon the Arc dv
i Trtompbe—there wasn't a man
* in tbe company—and two of the
f younger women suggested that
* they should run over their host
i ei«' wonderful stock of toilet
* belpa. Among her friends It la
I no secret that this clever woman
I 1 —one of the best dreased *«
" Parts—ls a faddist In novel no
" tlons of the dressing room.
Durlug the Inspection which
',', followed her girl friend , * khistkcs
,, lion, Mrs. McCreary gave a prl
ji vote view of the latest wrinkle
" In personal perfumery. Of
" course, the secret was too good
[[ to keep ana by nightfall it waa
11 all around fashionable Paris.
buzzing imperial bees. If the truth
were known, the rulers of Greece
cherished the same dreams of an impe
rial court in the capital of Constanti
nople's Byzantium.
Special Cable to The Call
PARIS, Dec. 14.—The right of France
to act as the protector of Christians In
*he east is challenged by most of the
political opponents of M. Poincare. M.
Caviagnac leads the assault on the
whole course of the French-Balkan ne
gotiations. He says: "France is not the
protector of the Christians of the east,
nor is she bound to intervene whenever
and wherever violence is done to them.
The government must be mad if it as
sumes responsibilities of a direct mli
i tiatlve in Asia Minor."
Special Cable to The Call
LONDON, Dec. 14. —Among the curi
osities of natural history that this curi
ous year has produced is to be noted the
extraordinary multiplication of the
hedgehog. On some of the heavy lands
of the midlands they have been found
hibernating in such numbers as no na
tive has imagined possible. This is the
more curious as other animals, espe
cially rabbits, are singularly scarce.
- - »
Simcial Cable to Tbe Call
LONDON, Dec. 14.—Barristers are not
at all pleased with the suggestion con
tained in the divorce commission report
that county court judges and commis
sioners should be able to hear matrimo
nial causes. They say that most of them
will be starved out or* have to leave
London and settle in the country, where
their chances are not overbright, as so
licitors have a right to practice.
Special Cable to Tbe Call
HOME. Dec. 14.—Signor BertoMni has
taken over the administration of the
conquered provinces or Tripoli and
Cyrenaica as the first Italian minister
of the colonies. As a deputy Bertolini
had a brilliant career. During the ear
lier stage of the Giolittl administra
tion he was minister of public works
and he was one of the peace delegates
in the negotiations at Ouchy.
Empress of Germany Sets
Good Example to Sub
jects in Making Yule
tide Purchases
rOopjrtigbt, 1912)
Special Cable to The Call
BERLIN, Def. 14.—The kaiserin has
given practical support to the behest,
*'Do your Christmas shopping early."
All last week her imperial majesty
was busy completing her purchases
for yuletide.
Princess Luise, of course, was her
mother's right hand in this labor of
love. The two spent hours in the
Berlin stores, shopping In person, and
gifts by the wagonload came to the
palace at Potsdam. Emperor "William
signed Christmas checks for every
member of the imperial family before
going hunting in Silesia with his sport
ing friend, Count Tiele-Winckler, who
has a magnificent castle and game for
est near Breslau.
After all, it is only in plays and
misleading biographies that great men,
even with world shaking decisions to
make, regard things eternally from the
"height of their cravat." The people
who have done the biggest things , in
history, if we knew the truth about
them, probably would turn out to have
been engaged in a manner which might
seem to betray an imperfect apprecia
tion of the situation.
Now comes King Ferdinand with a
claim to .be added to the company of J
the great "insouciante." He ought, of j
course, to have employed differently j
his last hours at Sofia before he quitted
the town to put his fortune to the
touch and win or lose it all; and prob
ably some historian of the , twenty
fifth century will recount how\ pacing
up and down the eastern turret, the
king halted suddenly and declared in
solemn tones: "Before tlie lawn of
another year Mass sha!» be sung at j
the altar of St. Sophia." But there is
much more semblance of truth In the
story which appears in the Berlin
King Ferdinand is said to have one of
the finest entomological collections In
all Europe. An enthusiast in these
matters, who possibly not yet has
heard of the war, sent off to him a
parcel of rare butterflies. They ar
rived Just before King Ferdinand left
for the front. Dismissing all thoughts
of the campaign from his mind, the
king examined with the greatest in
terest the new arrivals, classified them,
and personally carried out the classifi
cation. And then he said tranquilly:
"Now, let us go to Stara Zagora.'
In 1916 the German fleet will con
sist of 3i> battleships. 20 armored
cruisers and 37 protected Cruisers, be
sides smaller warships. These are the
present plans of the imperial navy
council, which has $119,276,750 to spend
next year.
German naval enthusiasm is confined
to the official class and to the stock
holders in the big shipping firms. Even
among the sailors of the empire there
is little or no fealty to the fleet. It
Is a moot question how the navy would
fare, even if raised to the standard
Intended by this, the largest sum ever
voted for sea fighting purposes in a
single year if Germany should meet
the ships of another power in war.
Special Cable to Hie Call
LONDON. Dec. 14.—Field Marshal
Earl Roberts. K. G.. Is not to be
silenced by Ills military or parlia
mentary critics. Returning? once more
to the "German scare" Lord Roberts
says: "The National Service league al
ways has endeavored to make the
question of national defense a non
party one. Now, just ac in 1866 and
1870. war will take pjace the instant
the German forces by land and sea are,
by their superiority at every point,
as certain of victory as anything: in
human calculation can be made cer
tain. Germany strikes when Ger«
many's hour has struck. That is thf
time honored policy of her foreign '
office. It ia her policy at tht present
PAGES 53 TO, 64.
Duchess of Maryborough and
Co-Workers Are Bring
ing Joys of Toyland to
West End Children
Historic Past of This Family
Is Recalled by Se
quence of Sons
(Copyright. 1912>
Special Cable to The Call
LONDON. Dec. 14.—This is at once
the time of the year when London is
seen- in its saddest and its gladdest
aspects. Brilliant with gay and gaudy
illuminations, with the plumage of the
great dames of high society, with the
pampered little tots will one day
figure as the leaders in London's ball
rooms and at the great levees of the
royal court, are the huge shops In
the vicinity of Regent street and the
circus. Like the steps leading to their
own Mayfair mansions, heavy velvet
pile carpets are spread over the pave
ment in front of the entrances to the
stores so that my great lady and my
little lady, soon in time to be great,
may not soil their dainty silken clip
pers as they pass into tie fairyland
more beautiful than that shown in the
transformation scenes of the pantomime.
—the great vaulted spaces where all
that is most ingenious, most enchant
ing in playthings, offers itself for
purchase by the visiting exquisites.
London's babes are now reveling in
toyland. And, oh, but it Is sadly
amusing to see the wearied, wietfully
blase faces of these titled little boys
and girls as they turn up their little
noses at the most magnificent of dol
lies, the most cunningly contrived
articulated animals. Noah's arks which
would have made that old man of
Ararat gasp with wonder.
Considering the vicissitudes that fol
low failure of male heirs to peers, there
is a real cause for congratulations to
the duke and duchess of Hamilton upon
the birth of the sixth child and fourth
son, which took place quite recently at
Dungave, Strathaven in Lanarkshire.
The duke's eldest son, the little mar
quis of Douglas and Clydesdale, is in
his tenth year. This sequence of sons
to the duke and duchess irresistibly
recalls their historic past, and the fact
that the death of King James V left
only an infant 5 days old between the
third Lord Hamilton and the throne of
Special Cable to The Call
LONDON, Dec. 14.—Signor Mascagni
has completed the score of the new
opera, "Parisina," he is writing; in con-
Junction with Gabriel d'Annunxio. Ther<»
will be a chorus of 280 persons, and one
duet takes nearly half an hour to sing.
The opera has no overture.
(Qi bpeaking
A Thin
/#vl Watches
We are showing them
11 V ffl on * y as t ' l ' c^c a 5
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Ih / ll As a gift, a watch of
llm/\(yi tn * s st yl e « accuracy and
V* llKjr serviceability will be
\ rnif Vμ a l'f et ' me reminder of
\wL&T the giver. These
\yEm watches are more than
a mere "timepiece,"
hence cost a little more; however,
when you get the best service you
forget the price in satisfaction.
Both ladies' and gentlemen's sizes.
Prices $25.00 to $250.00.
Bracelet Watches
A useful, practical and beautiful
gfft may be chosen from our show
ing of Bracelet YVntchee. Strictly the
latest fashion. The Bracelet, Watch
is also the most convenient of all
means of carrying the timepiece.
Used by ladies and gentlemen.
Variety—Gunmetal. Silver, Gold
filled and Solid Gold, with leather
Strap •©.Oβ to §25.00
Gold Filled Bracelet Watch—2o
year guarantee; like shown
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Other gold filled Bracelet Watches
to *30.00
Solid Gold Bracelet "Watea**,
925.00 to 975.00
See Our Display
Open Evenings
8 101 Grant Are., Cor. <;<rsry St.

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