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The San Francisco call. (San Francisco [Calif.]) 1895-1913, January 18, 1913, Image 2

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Ottomans Urged to Yield
Adrianople in Return for
Concessions to Be
Contents of Note Presented
Common Property for
. Several Days
LONDON", Jan. I".—The next move in
the loner drawn out game of diplomacy
for the settlement of the war in south
eastern Europe must bo made by Tur
key. The collective note of the Euro
pean powers, drawn up by the ambassa
dorial conference in London, was hand
ed today to the Turkish government at
Since knowledge of the purpose of
the note has been common property for
a week and as Turkey unofficially has
been given diplomatic notice of its ex
nrt contents, there seems no reason
why the reply should not be delivered
promptly unless Turkey determines to
procrastinate in the hope that some
unforeseen event might turn up to her
The Turkish delegates to the peace
conference, predict the answer will be
given promptly.
Diplomat* expert that Turkey will
cotjeede something to the allies with
thf. purpose of inducing , the powers to
make efforts to bring the peace dele
pates together again for further nego
tiations. Should this be the case the
allies will have an opportunity to show
whether their ultimatum to resume
hostilities unless Turkey complies at
once with their demands is as ironclad
as they profess it to be.
Resrnid Fasha, head of the Turkish
delegation, declared today that orders
to the Turkish delegation to await in
etrui-tions had superseded those of last
week instructing them to leave London
Turkey Urged to Yield
collective notes of the powers delivered
today to Turkey points out that Tur
key, by resisting the advice of the
powers, ■will risk finding her capital
again brought into the question and
the war carried into her Asiatic prov
inces, dangers from which she must
not count on the powers to preserve
Besides, the note adds, Turkey
eventually will require the moral and
material support of the powers to re
pair the damages of the war and de
velop her Asiatic provinces, and this
support will not be accorded unless
Turkey defers to the advice of the
powers, which was Inspired by the
general interests of both Europe and
Turkey herself.
Under these circumstances, the note
raid, the powers collectively renew
their advice to th,e Ottoman govern
ment to consent to the cession of Adri
anople and to leave to the powers the
settlement of the question of the
Aegean islands. In return for these
concessions the powers will employ
their good offices to insure Mussulman
interests in Adrianople and see that
the Mosques and other religious edi
fices are respected. They also will see,
the note says in conclusion, that the
Aegean question is solved in a manner
precluding all menace to the security
of Turkey.
Authorities Fear to Move, Mother
of Owner Defiant and Trou
sers Meanwhile Suffer
(Special r>!enatcb to Tbe Call)
MAYFIELD, Jan. 17.—Over a small
mongrel dog- there has arisen here a
question of the rights of, American
citizens, the law has been invoked and
a. municipal upheaval precipitated.
Threats and counter threats are
William Saliceti, IS6 Sheridan street,
owns a scraggly haired doer, which has
a bad reputation. After several pedes
trians and bicyclists had been attacked
Saliceti agreed to keep the dog
chained. But he had not figured on
his mother. The dog lifted his voice
In lugubrious howl and out of sym
pathy, Mrs. Saliceti untied the chain
and turned it loose.
That night another citizen went
home with torn trousers, and he deter
mined to have his revenge. He laid his
case before Justice of the Peace Van
Buren. The magistrate laid the case
before the town trustees. As Town
Attorney Besley was not present, the
trustees did not want to assume the
legal responsibility of exterminating a
dog, so instructed Marshal Bradshaw
to refer the complaint to the board of
health. The health board refused to
take up the question.
Unless the town authorities take ac
tion, the indignant citizens vow they
•will take the law in their own hands.
If they <10, the mother of the owner of
the dog says she is ready to protect
her property.
Attorney, Contractor and Rancher
Sought to Obstruct Justice
EL CENTRO, Jan. 17.— E. J. John-
Eon. D. H. Williams and E. C. Ken
drick, all prominent citizens of Holt
ville, were found guilty by a jury in
the superior court today of conspiracy
to obstruct justice. Johnson is an at
torney, Kendrick a contractor and Wil
liams a rancher. The three men caused
the arrest -of the Holtville recorder on
a charge of having uttered a fraudu
lent check in the midst of the trial of
30 alleged liquor law violators. Sen
tence will be passed Monday.
John W. Salter, 74 years old, a native
of Ireland, was discovered in a dying
condition l>y his daughter, Miss E.
Daisy Salter, in a gas filled bedroom in
their apartments in 570 Capp street
early yesterday afternoon. Despite
heroic treatment by Dr. E. W. Par
sons, who was summoned Imme
diately, the aged man died at 2:30 p.
m. A disconnected gas stove showed
the cause of the presence of the death
dealing fumes. Miss Salter, who said
her father has Seen ill, believes it
was an accident.
WASHINGTON, Jan. 17. — President
Taft will attend memorial exercises for
Vice President Sherman in the senate
charter next month. i
Opinions Are Divided
Majority Is Optimistic
Reverend Clergy and Leaders Agree That
Independence Will Help Country
member that that obsolete and once ab
solute oligarchy called the house of
lords still has it in its senile power to
balk for s>.. time the full realization of
Ireland's dreams. But, thanks to the
liberal party, the power of the lords is
curbed, and at best they can retard
Ireland's independence only.two years,
as no bill can be vetoed' by the lords
thrice in succession. The third time a
bill is offered it goes through over their
"So it is that the auspicious year of
1915. which will see San Francisco in
the zenith of her glory-, will also mark
the opening of a real and true Irish
Rev. Peter C. Yorke, P. r>.. pastQr of
St. Anthony's church, Oakland, said:
"It is gratifying to see the home rule
bill pass the house of commons, but I
have no hope that it will get any fur
ther. Passing a bill in the British
parliament is a long and complicated
matter. The measure, must pass the
house of commons three times and the
upper house twice before It goes to the
king for his assent. All this must be
done during the session of parliament
at which it is introduced, and to my
mind there is no chance that the home
rule bill will succeed In running this
gauntlet In the life of the present par
"At the same time, I am con
vinced that the time Iμ ripe for
Home measure of self-government
in Ireland and that it is bound to
come before very long. Just how
lone: it will be Iβ Impossible to sa.r,
as the present unsettled .condition
of Brltrsh politics would puszle the
wisest politician. One can not cay
what will be done from day to day."
Rev. M. D. Connolly of St. Paul's:
"Home rule will undoubtedly lead to
the moral and material betterment of
the Irish nation, and it should and
will be the cause of worldwide rejoic
ing. Ireland has a right to be placed
on an equal footing with other British
"Home rule will mean a nnlty of
feeling: between the Catholics and
non-Cat holies of Ireland, and it will
establish a brotherhood between
the Irish and the English, who
have been at daggers' points for so
"The Protestants of Ireland will not
suffer, and It is a mistake to say that
all non-Catholics are opposed to home
rule. The majority of the men of
Ulster are willing for Ireland to enjoy
home rule. It is only a small contin
gent that clamor against It.
"The proposed home rule for Ireland
has only come after the awakening of
the entire world to the fact that peace
and good will toward all men is the
sentiment of the day."
P. E. Kelleher: ."I am in favor of
absolute independence for Ireland and
nothing short of that.
"The home rule victory Is about
like putting something sweet on
something extremely bitter. In
other words, Ireland Is being given
a little 'soft soap' to keep her
"Extending home rule to Erin, ad
mitting that she really Is to enjoy such
a privilege, has a parallel in the thief
who returns a part of stolen property
to the rightful owner. I can not re
joice, as my fellow countrymen seem
to be doing, at the home rule possi
bility. I am in favor of an Irish king
dom—an Irish nation, which shall take
its place among the powers of the
world. I believe that home rule is a
step toward this, and only for that
reason can I see any benefit in the
passage of the home rule bill through
the ho.use of commons."
John J. O'Toole, grand knight, K. of
C.: "I have always believed that home
rule, and nothing less than home rule,
would be the salvation of Ireland, and
now that it seems a probability, I can
not express my delight adequately.
Home rule will be the means of keep
ing the Irish in Ireland, and it will
perhaps interfere to a marked degree
in the immigration statistics to
"With a government body that will
have the interests of the nation at
heart, Ireland will expand industrially
and commercially.
"Home rule Is not only a great
aiid momentous thing for Ireland
an a nation, but It means a vast
deal for Irishmen throughout the
Rev. Thomas J. Brenhan, of St.
Mary's cathedral: "The home rule vic
tory is the direct result of great sacri
fice on the part of the Irish people and
President Advises Demo
crats to "Stick to Middle
of the Road"
PHILADELPHIA, Jan. 17.—President
Taft, guest of the Clover club tonight,
wished good luck to Woodrow Wilson
in his coming term in the White House,
predicted prosperity for the nation un
den ordinary circumstances, but gave
warning that in his opinion the people
at the polls in November decided
against radicalism as well as against
conservatism, and advised the demo
crats to abide by their (the people's)
verdict: "Stick to the middle of the
road." ;
"I have every good will for the in- I
coming administration." - said the presi- i
dent. "I sincerely hope that the course
taken by it will make you prosperity—
will not interfere with that prosperity
which, but for some obstruction, cer
tainly is coming to this country/ .
The presirlent'B word of warning fol
lowed a smiling review of the Novem
ber result. He said that the democratic
party found itself a victor between the
republican party, deemed conservative,
and the progressive party, called rad
The program of his successor the
president called "ambitious," and he
mentioned briefly tariff revision, the
"proposal to emancipate the poor" and
the "militant spirit that is to grind
down all wrong and elevate all right."
"If this program could be carried out
in one or two or three terms or dec
ades," said Mr. Taft, "we would be glad
to dait its coming."
At the conclusion of his speech Mr.
Taft was made the 1916 candidate of
the Clover club. His speech was inter
rupted frequently by cheering.
Spending the night here, the presi
dent will leave tomorrow afternoon for
New York.
Continued from rage 1
especially of their heroic leaders, t who
have fought and bled for Erin's liberty
for generations.
"All true patriots o< all nations,
frKiirdli'sx of creed, nhould rejoice
that at last Ireland seems about to
enjoy at leant a partial Independ
ence. • ,
"Under home rule Ireland will be
able to develop more rapidly and gen
| erously her wonderful resources. Her
finances will be put in better shape and
her laws will be to the benefit of her
citizens at large. Legislation from
Westminster has never been satisfac
tory. One section of the country some
times received a little consideration,
but it was usually to the detriment of
another section."'
Attorney J. S. Tobin, Hlbernia hank:
"Public opinion is so much in favor of
home rule for Ireland that it seems
almost an impossibyity that'lt should
be defeated even in the unfriendly,
house of lords.
"The Boers, after a great and bloody
war, that cost England millions in
money and the sacrifice of countless
lives, were granted home rule.'Canada
enjoys the same privilege and so does
Australia. Iβ it not common Justice
that Ireland, for centuries the back
bone of the British kingdom, should
have a like privilege?
"Ireland In able to govern her
self—she bae proved It—and In
gaining for herself a parliament
for the enactment of inch la its as
shall benefit her people and make
for a larger prosperity and unity,
she has the moral aid and sym
pathy of the entire civilised world.
"All glory to Ireland and the Irish,
and her American brothers and sis
E. F. Conlin, past grand knight. K.
of C.: "All loyal sons of Ireland, and alj
Americans, whether or not their veins
run Irish blood, will rejoice at the ac
tion of the house of commons In pass
ing the home rule bill.
"Home rule will make for great
er prosperity, a greater unity
among the people of Ireland and
a feeling of brotherhood between
that country and the British em
"Home rule is in accord with the
enlightenment of the twentieth cen
tury. Peace and good will has takev
the place of the fire and sword and the
nations, as and individually,
recognize the rights of others to a
more marked extent than ever be
Hugh C. Gallagher, Alameda: "If the
British paj-liament passes the home
rule bill, as it now appears It will do,
the long delayed and rightful demand
of the Irish people to govern them
selves will be recognized. If the vic
tory is won by the Irish representa
tives and the other members of par
liament who are in sympathy with the
cause of home rule it will be a splen
did tribute to the characteristic tenac
ity of the Irish people in fighting for
their rights and for justice and fair
John Fl. Hanson, , Alameda: "With
home rule, Ireland will not be long In
taking a front place among the coun
tries of the earth. The world at large,
which is conversant with the untiring
efforts that the Irish people have made
to be fiven the right to govern them
selves, will hail with delight the estab
lishment of home rule."
J. J. Cox, Alameda, president A. O. H.:
"While I do not consider that the bill
gives a full measure of Justice to the
Irish people, stiU I consider It a great
boon for the Irish, both at home and
"I think it will be the means of bring
ing together the different factions In
Ireland, which have heretofore • been
divided. The people of Ulster are op
posing the measure, but I believe they,
as well as all other sections of Ireland,
will forget their petty differences In
time and help in the upbuilding of Ire
land, which is bound to come with home
Daniel Crowley of Oakland: "I am
very glad to hear the house of commons
has passed the measure, but I fear it
will not pass the house of lords. They
have been unyielding in the past, and
they will not give in now."
James Cahill of Oakland: "The home
rule bill, which has passed the house of
commons, should be passed by the house
of lords. It in a just measure, and one
to which the Irish .people have been
looking forward for centuries. I think
it will result in the cementing of the
friendship of the entire empire. It Is
one of the greatest things that could
First of Dynamite Conspir
acy Prisoners Leaves for
Home and Family
LEAVENWORTH. Kas., Jan. 17.—-
Charles N. Beum. of Minneapolis, one
of the convicted dynamiters, stepped
forth from prison this afternoon—re-
leased under $30,000 bond. He was the
first of the imprisoned labor leaders to
obtain his liberty.
As the prison wagon in which he
rode from the grounds, passed out.
Beum looked back and saw some of his
former comrades swinging steel girders
into place over the east front of the
cell house whtoh is being constructed
by the men. They were ignorant of the
fact that the wagon which passed be
neath them contained Beum, but he
knew, and expressed regret that he
could not see them. He previously had
been refused permission to shake hands
with his comrades and had but a min
ute to say a hasty goodby to Frank
M. Ryan, president of the International
Association of Bridge And Structural
Iron Workers.
"I'm going home to my family. I
haven't seen them for four months,"
said Beum. He said he would leave
Leavenworth tonight at 11:30 o'clock.
Beum said all the labor leaders were
confident of their final release.
"There isn't a man in the bunch
that is discouraged the least bit."
The amount of the bond was $30,000.
Morrin's Bond Is Failure
ST. LOUIS, Jan. 17.—St. Louis labor
leaders who recently announced that
they had arranged ball for P. J. Morrln,
one of the alleged dynamite con
spirators, learnea today that the securi
ties they had obtained were not suffi
cient. An effort also has been made
here to secure bail for J. H. Barry, an
other of the convicted men.
"We can find any number of men
Union Pacific Plans to Oper
ate Line From Bay to Og
den Under Terms of
Friction Between Officials
Can Be Avoided by Plan
The rehabilitation of the Central Pa
cific Railroad company with a president
and other executive heads located In
San Francisco is likely to result in
carrying out of the supreme court order
that the Southern Paclflc-Unlon Pacific
merger be dissolved.
That the Union Pacific will operate
the Central Pacific under lease from
the Southern Pacific now seems almost
certain. Ordinarily, such an arrange
ment would not be looked upon with
favor by coast shippers, because of the
general offices of the entire system
being maintained in Omaha.
But it is quite lik«"fy that the policy
of E. H. Harriman In having separate
organizations for each one of the roads
will bo Invoked by Judge Robert S.
Lovett. head of the Union Pacific. At
present William Sproule is president
of the Southern Pacific with headquar
ters In San F*ancisco, J. D. Farrell of
the Oregon and Washington Railroad
and Navigation company with head
quarters in Portland, and A. H. Mohler
of the Union Pacific and the Oregon
Short Line with headquarters In
With a separate organization for the
Central Pacific with headquarters here,
Unlen Pacific interests can maintain a
better feeling than would be the case
if both were directed from Omaha.
That the fullest harmony has not
existed between President William
Sproule of the Southern Pacific and
either Vice President E. O. McCormick
or Julius Kruttschnitt, who Is to be the
new chairman of the Southern Pacific
board, is an open secret. Kruttschnitt
and McCormick are very close friends.
With the establishment of a separate
organization for the Central Pacific,
Sproule might be switched from the
Southern Pacific to the Central Pacific,
while McCormick would succeed
Sproule as president of the Southern
Although It seems probable that the
Union Pacific will secure the Central
Pacific by lease. It is certain that the
Southern Pacific will insist on a good
price for the privilege of operating the
line, as it is a great revenue producer
because of the back haul rates which
it is collecting.
A good illustration may be had by
i reference to the rates on wool from
Nevada to Boston in comparison with
the rate of $1 from California terminals
to Boston. The rater from Lovelock is
11.89, from Winnemncca $2.06, from
Halleck $1.94 and from Reno $1.89. The
Reno rate was formerly $2.13%, but
was reduced as a result of the decision
In the intermountaln rate case.
The rate from California terminals
to Boston is the basis for division of
the rates from Nevada points The
surplus is held by the Southern Pacific
as a sort of terminal charge, going to
the original line. An average carload
of wool is 30,000 pounds. The charge
would be $300 from California to Bos
ton, of which the lines east of Ogden
would get about two-thirds. The rate
on the same car from Reno would bo
$567, but the lines east of Ogden would
get the same money as on the carload
from California. This is but one in
stance of why the Central Pacific is
such a desirable line.
Nitrate of Soda Valuable to Farmers
as Sweetener of Soil
One of the most beneficial of chem
icals to the farmer is nitrate of soda
which is the substance formed by the
union of nitric oxide and soda. In ap
pearance it resembles coarse salt and
in agriculture is valuable chiefly for
its active nitrogen, although it is also
a soil sweetener, and is frequently
capable of rendering available potash
in the soil. Nitrate of soda contains
the nitrogen that is necessary for the
growth of plants and is the best form
in which to furnish nitrogen to plants
Nitrate of soda not only furnishes
nitrogen in its most available form
but it furnishes it at a lower price
than any other source, because it is
immediately available.
REDDING, Jan. 17.—A note contain
ing threats against three pastors of
this town who have been active in a
fight against saloons was found today
in the Presbyterian church here. An
attempt recently was made to burn the
church. One of the pastors has de
parted, but said he would return. The
men to whom th*» note was addressed
were called "agitators" and advised t«>
leave town immediately.
who can qualify for $5,000 or $10,000,"
said Charles J. Lammert, appointed by
the Building Trades council to arrange
the bonds.
"The government requires that every
man who signs the bond must be able
to pay the entire amount In case it is
forfeited, and unless we can find two
men worth not. less than $30,000 each
to sign Morrin'e bond and two men
worth not less than $40,000 each to
sign Barry's bond there is little pros
pect that they will be released pending
the appeal of their cases."
I 25 to 30 per cent Discount on White China: I
I Great Reductions on All Materials I
I 437 Powell Street SAN FRANCISCO I
Poincare People's Idol
Gets Great Ovations
Afcn> president of France and statesman t»hom he challenged to a duel.
New French President Is
Philosopher, Turf Leader
and Good "Mixer"
Continued From Paare 1
and Theopile Delcasse. His cabinet is
regarded as steadfastly opposed to so
The manifestations of popular enthu
siasm during: the evening assumed pro
portions altogether unprecedented at
previous elections. Toward midnight
columns of paraders Joined forces and
marched to M. Poincare's house, where
they raised rousing cheers of "Long
Live M. Poincare!" and "Long Live
Mme. Poincare!" M. Poincare opened
the window and bowed repeatedly to
the crowd outside and when the cheer
ing subsided, made a brief speech.
"I thank you for your kind expres
sions of sympathy, which deeply touch
me," said M. Poincare. "But do not
shout 'Long Live Poincare, , shout
'Long Live the Republic*"
Fresh salvos of cheering greeted the
words of the president elect and then
the Marseillaise was taken up by
thousands in the streets.
PARIS, Jan. 17. — The Journey of
President elect Poineare from the palace
at Versailles to his home in Paris was
one long, triumphant progress. When
his automobile emerged through the
chateau gate at Versailles, M. Poineare
was greeted by the first expression of
Joy by the general public, who gave
him round after round of cheers and
accompanied him to the railway station,
where he entered a special car for Paris.
This demonstration was nothing to
what awaited him in the capital. The
Invalides station was surrounded by a
solid mass of humanity, which the
police, with difficulty, held back. As
tho train bearing the president elect
drew into the station a hush fell upon
the crowd, but as ML Polncare, ascorted
by Minister of Justice Briand and M.
Lepine, the prefect of police, appeared
in the door of the station, a great shout
went up. M. Poineare acknowledged the
demonstration by raising his hat.
He entered an automobile and drove
to the Elysee palace, where President
Fallleres received him cordially and
congratulated him upon his victory.
The president and the president elect
then affectionately embraced each other,
and shortly afterward M. Polncare pro
ceeded to his home.
The news of the election of M. Poln
care spread quickly throughout Paris
and everywhere provoked sentiments of
the liveliest satisfaction.
The cafes were crowded tonight with
people who were discussing animatedly
all phases pf the contest, and every one
seemed delighted at the success of the
man who generally is termed "the peo
ple's president."
Mr. Herrick, the United States am
bassador, told the Associated Press
that what most impressed him at Ver
sailles today was the great dignity and
the quietness with which the proceed
ings throughout were conducted. The
lack of excitement, which perhaps In
some measure is due to the secret bal
lot as compared to American conven
tions and elections, was surprising to
an American.
"When the final ballot was announced
to the assembly that M- Poineare was
elected," he said, "the applause, while
exceedingly hearty and cordial, was
nothing when compared with the tu
multous and frenzied shouting and the
wild scenes which would have greeted
a similar announcement in a great
American convention."
(Special Dispatch to The Call)
LOS ANGELES, Jan. 17.—Character
izing existing conditions at the Whit
tier state reform echool as "damnable"
and declaring that no eelf-respecting
man could remain a part of the insti
tution after the treatment accorded the
girl inmates.. Chaplain Robert C. Bar
ton resigned today.
(Special Plspnteh to The Call)
FRESNO, Jan. 17. — Decorators
worked all night In the Rowell audi
torium to rush the final preparations
for the San Joaquin valley land and
products exposition which opens here
tomorrow niffht.
The show will last for a week and
each day will be devoted to some
special group of towns. Some of the
excursionists will arrive with their
own brass bands.
Tuesday night Is to be featured as
"society night" and musical specialties
are to be given. Including a "society
rag," repeated from the recently pro
duced operetta, "The Girl In the Dark,"
written by Lionel Dalton and James
Gearhart of this city.
Mies Rene Dalton, cousin of the
librettist, will be the soloist and a
chorus of society girls and chorus men
will provide the accompanying "rag"
steps. Among them will be Misses
Margherita Beveridge. Helen Rogers,
Dorothy Forsyth, Estelle and Jane
A prominent exhibit will be the "bank
pyramid." Each block will b« labeled
with the name of the banking house
It represents and its size will be in
proportion to the amount of the bank's
iHI* »*e* Illflif lor sweets j
Bf*" \ W iswholesome
jk w % A. y^m y satisfied by
Milka Chocolate
'" '** ew Package
M/ \ Instead of a single big cake
Ipr with a single wrapper, you
ifiJJPfti £ et s * x cakes, each
wrapped separately.
Stay hard and appetizing—never be- Six cakes
come soft and sticky because never for ,
exposed to air until ready to be eaten. 00C*
At all the better stores. J*^^"
Makers of the world-famous Chocolate and Cocoa Bi Mm
fcuchard since 1826. r
I '
Among Men Who Work
With Hand or Brain *
A New Weekly Feature That Will Appear
In The Call Beginning Next Sunday
The Subjects Discussed in the.
Opening Page Are:
A Spendthrift Cured—Work Looked
Good to Him After Month of Loafing.
Credit Man Has Difficult Job—Re
quirements for Position Many.
How a Middle Aged Man Won Suc
cess by Individual "Work.
Think About Job You're On; That's
the Way to Get a Better One.
Lost Account Puzzles Banker.
Tip That Helped to Get Trade.
Remember Next Sunday's Call
Independent Owners Stand
Little Chance With Ship
ping Trust
WASHINGTON, Jan. 17.—A combina
tion practically controlling American
coastwise trade on the Atlantic and (
operating under an agreement with the
railroads by which prorating la re
fused ta independent lines except on
full cargoes was described to the house
committee today by A. IT. Bull, pres
ident of the A. H. Bull Steamship com
pany of New York.
Describing efforts of the combine to
drive his company out of the New York
and Porto Rican trade, Mr. Bull sub
mitted circulars bearing the names of
the Insular line and the New York and
Porto Rican Steamship company, offer
ing discounts of 70 per cent on freight
rates during- a week when the sailinsr
of a Bull liner for Porto Rico had been
When asked by Representative Hum
phrey why he had not placed these
facts before the department of justice.
Mr. Bull said that he had been tnld
that he was "as bad as any of the
rest," because he had signed a bond in
1900 not to* enter into the Porto Rican
trade for 10 years. He eaid he had
decided to await the action of the con
gressional investigating committee
Chairman Alexander and Representa
tive Humphrey emphatically expressed
the opinion that the combination should
be prosecuted.
Mr. Bull testified that after organiz
ing the New York and Porto Rican
Steamship company, a combination of
circumstances forced him in 1900 to pell
his interest and sign this bond. The
line was then taken into the Atlantic.
Gulf and West India Steamship com
pany. In 1902 he formed the A. H.
Bull Steamship company, wifh a prin
cipal line between New York and
Stockton Springs. Me. Since the ex
piration of hia bond, the witness said,
his company had operated ships be
tween New York and Porto Rico In
competition with the combine, whi'h
he declared, cut rates, sometimes giv
ing discounts of DO and 70 per arttt.
whenever a Bull steamer was schedul<<l
to sail for Porto Rico.
Various overtures had been made.
Mr. Bull continued, to bring the Bull
line into an agreement to maintain
rates. He added he had been offered
|2,000 in excess of the regular char
ter rate for hig vessels to keep out
of the Porto Rican trade. The witness
said it was almost impossible for an
independent line to charter vessels for
the Porto Rican trade on account of
agreements between shipowners and
the combine.
The combination, Mr. Bull said, oper
ated under agreements with the rail
roads, by which the latter refused to
prorate with anw independent lines on
less than full cargoes. He added it
was almost impossible for an inde
pendent company to secure wharfage
facilities because the railroads owned
or controlled the terminals at most of
the ports.

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