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THE CALL "AN INDEPENDENT NEWSPAPER—THE NEWS PAPER OF AUTHORITY ,, Traffic Squad Performs Much Needed Service In Congested District the pure gold is nut mixed with a hardening copper alloy, and, in the other quarter, because the intentions used are of too fragile composition. The traffic squad of the San Francisco police department is not organized perfect body, and the traffic regulations in occasional and individual instances may work a temporary hardship, but, on the whole, the San Fran cisco traffic regulations are sensible, efficient and expeditious, and their enforcement by the traffic squad, under Police Lieutenant Duncan Matheson, i; orderly, intelligent and practical. Vehicular traffic in Market street, includ tthe streetcar service, has been immeasurably improved by the traffic lations, and the complaints made against the system by a contemporary based, if on any foundation, on isolated instances of inconvenience. In natural order of things, the individual may do what he pleases, drive where he pleases, stop and turn where he pleases. A community given to anarchy would have no traffic regulations, and a man might drive on either >iue of the street either way. He would get along famously until a heavier vehicle struck his outfit and turned him and his load on to the pavement. Then he would renounce anarchy. All cities that make any pretensions to good government have traffic squads. San Francisco has such pretensions, and it has a traffic squad which will continue to expedite traffic, keep the streetcar service improved and prevent people from driving on the wrong side of the street. It took us a long time to find out how badly we needed service like that rendered by Lieutenant Mathcson and his men —a long time to get up to the metropolitan standard with respect to street traffic in the congested districts. Having secured that service and attained that standard, it would be folly to go back to the old disorder and confusion. The traffic squad has fully justified its establishment; it is here to stay. Sun Spots Truly Tell Father Ricard Which Way Storm Will Blow 1 : — ~ ' The prediction covered a period of one month. That time has expired, and we may now review the accuracy of the observer's prediction and the authenticity of his forecast. The stormy intervals during the month of January, as predicted, were to come on the following dates: January 3 to 7, January 15 to 19, January 22 to 26, January 29 to February 1. During and approximately in every one of these periods California was visited by storms. Meteorologically, the records show that disturbances arrived as follows: January 3. 7, 8, 10, 16, 20, 23 and 28. As matters of extraordinary record, on January 5 and the days imme diately following the whole of California was in the grip of a most amazing cold wave. There was ice in the streets of San Francisco and the citrus crop of southern California felt the first destructive frost in the history of the industry. Damage estimated at upward of $25,000,000 occurred over night in the orange and lemon groves in Los Angeles. San Bernardino, Orange and San Diego counties. San Francisco felt the coldest weather in 25 years. On January 9 there was the phenomenon of snow in San Francisco and the bay regions. On January 14 and 15 there was a storm over the entire coast and light ning struck and damaged the life saving station at Point Bonita. On January 22 there was a rainstorm in San Francisco, and on January 28 and for several days near to that date a tule fog made navigation on the bay difficult and inter fered seriously with seagoing traffic. lather Ricard appears to have established a new place for himself in the school of weather prediction. His forecast reads as well after the period of prognostication as in advance. In the light of his January success, the pre dictions of Father Ricard for February and March are worth pasting under the calendar. They are given as follows by the astronomer: The forecast for February and March includes the following stormy periods: February 3 to 7. 10 to 13, 16 to 20, "2 to 28, and February 5 to 9, 11 to 15, IS to 24, 25 to 29. .March 1 to 6, S to 12, 15 to IS, 21 to 24, and March 4 to 7, 9 to 14, 16 to 21. 23 to 28. The first set is most likely to affect the south. The second Is most likely to run east directly. There will again be a deficiency of rain. Farmers should lose no time in planting their crops. cities, tame the savage sound vibrations, calm the unruly echoes, subdue the fierce boiler factory of metropolitan existence and give v≤ quiet and serenity; lend to our days the stillness of night and give us tranquillity and peace. Mr. Maxim has already perfected a gun silencer, which has been used with success by assassins both in the organized military establishments and in private life. Now he is going further and will draw the teeth of urban Maxim's Sound "Jetty" Will Give World Havens Free From Noise As the Maxim device is being patented, the inventor is reticent concern ing its details and will speak only in general terms. He said: The one great silencer I hope for and one that the world will see invented and established within five years is a general silencer of noises, a device for sick rooms, hospital?, hotels, offices, factories and a hundred other places, which will shed silence In the same way that a lamp sheds light. Our eyes detect certain kinds of light only. Many kinds of light are absolute darkness to us. For example, an X-ray in a dark room is in visible. And yet it will photograph your bones on a plate. It gives enough of a certain kind of light to pass through a man's body. With sound it is the same thing. Our ears are built to detect certain kinds of sounds, air vibrations. If these vibrations are outside of a certain limit of suddenness our ears can not detect them. Again, If they are beyond a certain limit of frequency they are silent to us, though they may be so intense as to be of agony to a cat or a bird. The day may come when state legislation will demand that all boiler factories be equipped with a Maxim silencer, deafness now being recognized as one of the occupational hazards of foundry work. Hospitals will have the Maxim silencer installed, and under the benericent protection of its shield, the invalid will whisper his thanks to the Connecticut inventor who is now building a "breakwater' , against the waves of sound and creating havens of quiet in a tumultuous world. We have had "spotless town." All aboard for "noiseless town"! The Hundred Million Dollar Baby Starts Under a Handicap Tim young marvel of America's plutocratic infant class intend that he shall be raised right; not be a ••sissy," but be a manly chap. How far will they go in that purpose? Will they let his mind and body, brain and hands develop .is naturally as would the members of the ordinary youth? The child's maternal grandfather was a Colorado miner, a bluff, Teady man who mixed with affairs, was a prominent figure in the trans-Mis ppi congre>s and in public life; his paternal grandfather was a newspaper publisher. Both sides of the family have contributed to that hundred million dollar fortune. Have both contributed those qualities of leadership and Suction that have distinguished the names of Walsh and McLean. Too many cooks must not spoil this broth of a boy; too many detectives must not weaken his courage; too many millions must not vitiate his inherited inclination for work. Twenty-live years from now, when this child has come into his own and is taking his place with men, the attitude of this country toward wealth and its responsibilities should be more sharply defined than I nor May the hundred million dollar baby make the definition go for Critics can be found for every institu tion, and there are few organizations which do not expose a vulnerable side to the pessimistic citizen. Adverse reports On December 26 last Rev. Father Ricard, astronomer of the observatory of the University of Santa Clara, issued a weather forecast based upon sun spots that appeared on December 16 in a high northern solar latitude. To be heir to $1,000,000 has its decided advantages, whatever the "blessings of poverty" may be; but to be heir to $I.ooo,ooo,ooo—what of that? The United States may learn in time EDITORIAL PAGE OF THE CALL Ferry Tales yojOXSIDER the taxi pirate as he I flourishes at the ferry depot. Like \j necessity, he knows no law. He doesn't even need a lawyer, for every member of the police department is his official collector and police courts are bureaus where liquidation of hie demands is compelled • with summary dispatch. Like the doctors, he makes his charges according to his own esti mate of the depth of the victim's purse. He is the living embodiment of the let ter of marque and his motto is: "Go as far as you like." * # * All of which has more to do than you may think with the success of the Panama-Pacific international exposi tion. The taxi pirate, as the theme of a ferry tale, was suggested by the ar rival here the other day of the liner Cleveland. The Hamburg-American line has made a success largely because of the Teutonic thorougness of its methods. When everything that seemed necessary had been done for the recep tion of the Cleveland and the care of Its passengers, H. F. Dorgreloh, the company's Pacific coast agent, re marked to his associates that there was one more matter that required attention. Donning - an overcoat that had been designed in Europe and a cloth cap, he disguised himself as a tourist and took a car to the ferry depot. This was the day before the Cleveland arrived. At the ferry he called a taxi. "Take me," he said to the driver, "to the wharf where the Cleveland will dock." This wharf is just six blocks from the ferry and the trip was made in less than five minutes. "How much?" asked Dorgeloh as he stepped out of the cab. "Dollar 'n half." replied the taxi pirate without a blush. "Isn't that pretty high?" Dorgeloh asked. "Let me see your meter." "Meter ain't workin". Dollar n half's the price. Come through." Before "coming through" Dorgeloh secured the name of the driver and the number of his car, jnformejl the pirate that he was the agent of the steam ship company, that the charge was ex tortionate, and that the matter would be laid before the chief of police. All of this was done. Dorgeloh, however, did more. He sent a wire less to the Cleveland directing that the passengers be advised not to pay more than 50 cents for the taxi trip from wharf to hotel. • * * San Francisco is the only city on the coast Vhere the taxi fare is left to the fancy of the taxi pirate, and where ob jections on the part of the victim to the extemporaneous tariff are overcome by , the use of the police machinery. As one of the preparations to be made for the big exposition the regulation of the ! taxi pirate must and will receive early attention. In crther cities the taxi fare from all important passenger depots to points within a radius, which includes most of the principal hotels and theaters, is not more than 25 cents per passenger, with an established schedule for baggage. The hurt of a '"sting" like $1.50 for a six block trip is not soon forgotten. First impressions cut deepest, and no matter how good a time the visitor may have or how long he may stay, the memory of the ransom exacted as the price of his escape from the taxi that carried him from depot to hotel on the day of his arrival is likely to be the impression of San Francisco that lasts longest with him. These licensed extortioners have the reputation of the city in their hands, and it is up to the harbor commissioners, who give them a place of ambush on state property, and to the city government, which issues them letters of marque, to see that they do not abuse their opportu nities. * * # Jack Drew waning the state legis lature to pass a law compelling , influ ential citizens, particularly office hold ers, to list on their visiting cards the enterprises in which they are inter ested. Such a law would have saved him a mo.-'t disagreeable embarrass ment the other day. It happened like this: Drew wanted the co-operation In a perfectly legiti mate affair of Supervisor Kmmett Hay den. Hayden, in addition to being an energetic alderman, is the proprietor of a restaurant nrar the foot of Mar ket street. To drop in there on his way to the ferry and have dinner sug gested itself to Drew .is the most prac tical way of approaching Hayden. He could talk the matter over while dis cussing his evening meal. "Thought you usually ate on the boat," said Hayden as he sat down at Drew's table. "So I do." replied Drew, "hut to tell you the truth, r wanted a good dinner tonight, and that's something I can't get on a Sausalito boat. 'Why don't they let somebody that understands his business do the catering for them. Now 1 can come—" Drew stopped. There was a peculiar twinkle in Hayd*»n's eye. "By the way, Emme'tt, who runs the restaurants on the Sausalito boats?" "I do," replied the supervisor. Drew knows now that In the United States boomerangs are made just like hammers. LINDSAY CAMPBELL. Incipit I looked for a drug and I found a draft Of water that made me whole: And the cup is full out of which I quaffed The health of my inmost soul. I sought for a gem and discerned a star; For an inn and I found a home Where waking is better than visions are And loneliness can not come. I looked for a solace and I gained a bliss, For a lie. and I found it true, — For I found affection within a kiss , . And behind an appearance, you! "The Youth Replies and Other Verses," by Louis How. Parcel Postludes O'er many a weary, aching mile The parcel postman ambled, And when he reached our domicile The eggs he brought were scrambled. The hat he left for Mabel, too. Caused her poor heart to flutter: 'Tvas saturated through and through With some one's melted butter. And Brother Bill is tearing hot; He doesn't think it funny. The , socks and ties and shirts he got By mail were smeared with honey. But father's smile is soft and bland; We all know by that token His snake bite cure, though contra band. Came through the mail unbroken —.Springfield Union. ABE MARTIN It didn't take Jong fer th , fever that says "passes" post t , show up. Gittin' on an , off th' water wagon is th' only exercise some fellers ever git. HOTEL NEWS Dcrio Querzani, a wealthy planter' of Panama, and a personal friend of Colonel George W. Goethals, chief engineer of the Panama canal, arrived in San Francisco yesterday for a short visit nnd registered at the Palace. Speaking of the canal. be seltls "I believe that by *ext December ships will be going through the Klwat cat. although the locks will not be entirely completed by that time. The engineers figure on making exhaustive trial tests j before the canal is opened to the commerce of the world. Persons can form no adequate con ception of the raetness of the work on the lone unless th*y see it with their own eyes. It Is won derful in its vastness, and 1» a great tribute to the Bklii and resourcefulness of American engi neers." # # * Dr. Fells ana P«d Thorer, lioth of Berlin, are guests at t!ie Fairmont. Among other arrival* at the Fairmont were Mr. and Mrs. A. R. Wright of Newcastle. Pa.: Mr. nnd Mrs. R. Perry Jones of Cleveland and George S. Moore of Detroit. * * # Mr. and Mrs. Walter Maekay and Donald W. Maekay of Portland arrived in this city yester day, after an automobile tour of several weeks through the southern counties. Mr. Maekay. who is a mining magnate, said tho roads were Iα average good condition, but that much improve, ment could be made. Chuckholes and aand drifts composed the worst difficulty with which they had to contend, he said. They are staying at the Palate. TT. M. Van Anden and Mrs. Van Anden, the fornrnr for mauy years editor of the Brooklyn Eagle, arrived in San Francisco yesterday to begin an around the world trip on the steamer Cleveland. Mrs. Van Anden was most enthusias tic OTer San Francisco and California generally. "It seems to me that, with the beautiful cli mate you hare the year around, there wouldn't be a vacant lot in the entire Mate," she eald. '•Eastern people are waking up to the fact that, while they arc virtually snowed under six months of the year, CalifornSans are enjoying sunshine and flowers. The population nbould double eTery year. San Francisco is one of the most delight ful cities 1 have ever visited." *i * # Peter Philips, general manager of the Inter- Island Steamboat company of Honolulu, is :i guest at the Stowa-t. This is what he said about the travel to the Islands: "More persons from Canada, California and the northwest generally visited Honolulu and the islands during January than eyer before. Our bookings have been unusually heavy for the tour ist travel since November, when our great spec tacular attraction, the volcano Kilauea started to 'show off.' The season usually starts about the last of February, but this year saw ue going Tun blast in January. We will reciprocate to California in 1015, as I have heard many citizens in the islands announce their intentions of visit ing the Panama-Pacific espositien." # • * L. R. Atwood, a paint manufacturer of Loots* Tillp. Ky., and Mrs. Atwood and their two debu tante daughters are staying at the Palace. They sail on the Cleveland. Mr. Atwood said Ur was pleased with San Francisco from every angle, especially from a climatic point of view. Mi-s M. A. Wood of Pittsburg, la., is also in the party. L. Clausen, a wholesale dry goods merchant of Buffalo, i s registered at the St. Francis with Mis. Clausen. Th?y are off for a tour of the world, Mr. Clausen explaining that both of them needed a long vacation without worries or cares of any sort. Lieutenant Colonel G. W. Stevens of Fort Stevens, Ore., is a guest at the Palace. Dr. Wil liam Squires, U. S. A., of Fort D. A. Russell, Wyo., is registered at the Stewart. Dr. T. 11. McNab of Los Angeles, a son In law of Alexander Young, known as the "sugar king ' of Honolulu, is a gueet at the Stewart. Among other arrivels at the Stewart were T. H. Lane, a candy manufacturer of Los Angeles, and D. M. L«f, a rancher tad real estate promoter of So noma county. * * * A. W. Raybauld, a railroad man of Salt Lake City, arrived in Sen Francisco yesterday at the head of a delegation of Elks, who are bound for Los Angeles for their annual frolic and vacation. Mr. Kbybauld said he was having a fine tlnw trying to keep the members of the party together when no many attractions were offered by the city and its hospitable people. The party have headquarters at the Manx. P. L. Kern, a Chlco orehardist. and George Sutherland and Mrs. Sutherland of Portland were among other arrivals at the Manx. . K. Aylesworth, an attorney of Snisun: L. K. Xorman, v merchant of Santa Maria, and James F. Cameron, a hotel man of Sydney, Australia, were among the arrivals at tue Argonaut, yes terday. James Barry of Cottonwood. owner oft large sheep and cattle ranch in Shasta county, and James McPherson of Brandon, Manitoba, are recent guests at the Union Square. TIED Everybody's Forum LETTERS FROM READERS OF THE CALL EVERYBODY'S NEWSPAPER Editor Cull: At the risk of being con sidered "too much in evidence," permit me to say a word in commendation of The Call for establishing as a new feature "The People's Forum." This, In the opinion of the undersigned, is a feature quite as essential as the edi torial. The latter is the expression of opinion, advancement of views, of the individual who writes the editorials.. True, he is the exponent of the policy or principle of the journal for which he Write* ; but it does not necessarily follow that all persons who read what he lias written and the paper has pub lished agree with him. Likewise, as to expression of opinion, advancement of view, through the me dium of "The People's Forum" by indi vidual readers of The Call, by no means does it follow that those opinions, those views, are concurred in by The Call or its editor. It Is merely an interchange of opinion whereby ofttimes both en tertainment and edification accrue. In fine, since The Call's new policy is to furnish a "people's paper" by estab lishing the "forum," it has been both logical and wise. The people will feel a real interest in their daily paper when they have opportunity In Its columns to say a few words now and then on public questions, and if need be to "talk back" at the editor. Here's wishing The Call the success it merits under its new management. JOHN AUBREY JONES. CRIPPLES AT THE WHEEL. Kditor Call: I am writing you re garding an article which has been in your paper for the last few days re garding a Mrs. Henry Anderson, who has been instrumental in having a bill introduced prohibiting cripples from running automobiles. This I consider is an infringement on a citizen's right to earn a livelihood, for some of the most reliable and skill ful chauffeurs as well as taxicab driv ers throughout this state wear" arti ficial legs or arms. When President Taft came to Oak land on his last trip the reception com ■'mittee selected the safest man they could find to drive his machine through this city. They selected a man who wears an artificial leg. We know of a man with both arms and one leg amputated and another who wears two artificial legs and two artificial arms who successfully drive automobiles. Why should they be de prived of the pleasure and conveni ence of driving their own machine? A contractor and county supervisor In one of the middle California counties drives her runabout all over Berkeley and Oakland and has never met with an accident. Should she be forced to walk just because a man with his one ana amputated had the misfortune to run over a dog? Hundreds of persons "with all their natural limbs have injured pedestrians and no one has ever offered any legis lation to bar them from driving auto mobiles. 1 don't own an automobile and may never possess one, but I do object to being deprived of the right and priv ilege of running one just because I have had the misfortune to lose a leg. Why permit some one who has never been injured or crippled and who knows nothing of the hardships and difficul ties of earning a living with but one I leg or arm dictate laws that will place an additional handicap in tjie way of those who have chosen automobiling as a means of earning an honest and re spectable living? I urge that you. through the col umns of your publication, use your in. iiuence in defeating this bill. W. F. DICK SON. Oakland, February 3. THOSE SAGEBRUSH MII.LIOXS Editor Call: Editorially this morn ing you Quote me as saying that $23 worth of chemicals' could be extracted from a ton of sagebrush at a cost of $1 per ton. This is an error. An estimate of cost of handling a large amount of sagebrush (36,000 tons), made at the University of Nevada, shows the cost to be $3.25 a ton and the net protit $20.56 a ton. German chemists are already investi gating the proposition of extracting money from sagebrush. In the state of Michigan many mil lions are invested in the extraction of chemicals from hard wood by dry dts tUlation, and they pay $5 a cord foi the raw material. The middle states furnish most of the staples which can be extracted from sagebrush, and th« western states pay the freight on tne commodities when they could manufacture them at home for much less cost. SAM DAVIS. San ! rancisco, January 30. "BONTA EFFECT" AS A BRAKE Editor Call: In view of the unfortunate and unnecessary ac cident (?) Tuesday to one of our mu nicipal cars in addition to the \ong list of similar occurrences that have taken place In the past on the lines of the United Railroads, it seems time for some one to call attention to the means inherently available in the cars themselves to positively prevent such runaways. Any car equipped with two or more series motors arranged to operate in -multiple, as streetcars universally are, pan In r> seconds be brought un der perfect control, whether air brakes, hand brakes or current fails, or whether all together fail. In former days, it was the custom of construc tion engineers, when installing a new road or new equipments, to instruct motormen In this emergency method of braking, known as the "Bonta effect." and by now it should be universally understood. It appears, however, to be universally forgotten. The method of operation is this: When a car is moving at or above some reasonable rate of speed, say 10 miles per hour or over, and the current is cut off, the mere throwing of the re verse handle and the turning of the controller handle into the last or mul tiple positions will almost Instantly put the "Bonta effect" into operation. In the case of certain four motor equipments, such as those of the Geary street road, it is not even necessary to turn the controller handle, but only the reverse. The one precaution to be observed is that the current must first be cut off, either by the canopy switch just above the motorman or by pulling: the trolley down. The resulting effect on the car Is this: Of two series motors connected in mul tiple for generation, the one most re sponsive magnetically will become the generator, absorbing power from the wheels driven by the movement of the car. This generating motor will send its current over to the other motor connected in multiple with it. and thereby drive the second motor and its corresponding axle and wheels in the reverse direction from that due to the movement of the car. In four motor equipments there will be two sets so acting. On looking at the car from the outside, the wheels are seen to be turning in opposite directions, so that two braking effects are secured —one retarding effect due to the motor absorbing power as a generator and another retarding effect due to the positive reverse direction of the wheels. This method of braking should not be confused with reversing a car. In the latter case, trolley current is ab solutely necessary, and furthermore when the wheels once slip, as they always do in emergency reversing, a large part of the retarding or braking effect is gone. This form of braking is automatic, needs no current from the trolley and is self-regulating. Whether it is se vere or not depends altogether on the sp?ed of the car. If applied promptly enough the car need not gain much speed. At 10 miles per hour the oper ation resembles a rather quick air brake stop. At 20 or 30 miles p**r hour it would present undeniable induce ments for passengers to "step forward please," but aside from this desirable instruction, it would cause them neither serious injury nor inconven ience. It appears inexcusable that motor men are not regularly instructed in the practice of this emergency braking B. CARROLL "SHIPMAW San Francisco, Jan. 31. Full Many a Man Full many a man Has lost his grip By being shy One poker chip. —Birmingham Age-Herald. Full many a man Has lost his stack By being shy Onp dng-grone jaok. —Cincinnati Enquirer. Full many a man Has lost his all By being indisposed To call. —St. Lrf>uis Post-Dispatch. Full many a man Has lost his face For having held An extra ace. Broke Stranger—Want to buy a hunting dog? Hunter—ls he broke? Stranger—As thoroughly as I am New Orleans Times-Democrat. FEBRUARY 4, 1913 Aimed Shots "The canal zone is not our territory, save in trust." ■ said Fenator Root. What Senator Root seems about to d-> is to amend the record by inserting before the word "trust" the words "the steamship." #• ~i * A carrier pigeon row from the dpfit of a trans-Atlantic liner in mHi'« , *»n / Tiif orchestra then played. I y special request of a passenger leaning- over the rail, "Oh, for the Wings of a Bird." * * * AXOTHER BILOW FOR MOTHER "The co-eds of the Northwestern uni versity «=end their laundry home by parcel post."—News Item. It's grand and fine for tho college girls To use the parcel pus< : It helps their needy Uncle Sara To buy his tea and toast. It saves the ; r pocket books the loss Of money have squandered In having all their lingerie And pocket hankies laundered. But oh, dear girls , , oh. <;ireless girl 3, I think your work is raw; Instead of paying , laundry bills, You put the work on Ma: * * * THE PRESCRIBED DIET "Kindly lady, will you loan me a bite of fish?" "Can't. , Don't you know it's already Lent?" * # * DO.VT MAKK THIS MISTAKE I had a printed tit ket for the dance of Marty Graw, The stevedore, who is a social kin?: I asked a traffic copper, yes, the first one that I saw. Where Id find the hall that held the ring. lie sent me to the Palace; I was never there before: I showed the card; they wouldn't let me pass. For the copper was mistaken; say, it made me awful sore. For the Palace ball was just the Mardi Grasl * * ■& The fatal panic at a motion picture theater in New York occurred in a house that had complied with the safety ordinance. Now if the ordi nance will kindly comply with common sense other fatalities might be avoided. * * * "Practical Reflections on the Figura tive Art of Singing" is the title of a new book. Some reflections figuring on the practical art of singing mic! t be more beneficial to the listening pub lic. * # ■* ANCIENT RELICS Attorney General Wickersham has won tiie right to be counted among the discoverers. He lias found out some thing which every politician has known since the war of ISl2—that the offices of surveyor of the port and naval officer of the port are sinecures. The distinction between the attorney general and the other politicians, how ever, lies in this fact—they have kept silent about the jobs; the attorney gen eral has declared that the places are sinecures. Unprofessional conduct: If President Taft takes the attorney general at his word two stalwart poli ticians of California. Duncan McKin lay and George Stone, who now fill those offices, will lose their jobs. Cruel world! To abolish the offices and put those men out of jobs would be an unsocial act; they should be preserved as relics of the past. But hark: What noise is that "Wβ hear? It is the Academy of Sciences building a museum in Golden Gate. There is the place for our old friends, stuffed with political preferment, let them stand on pedestals, labeled, "The Last of the Stand Pats." * * * The defense of the Aliens of Vir ginia that the judge they slew was killed by accident will probably be supported by affidavits of the moun taineers to the effect that they didn't know their guns were loaded. -» * * Faiamas are taboo as bathing BUlta on the Pacific coast. Of course they are not proper for aouatics. They are cut high in the neck and no proper bathing suit has that decorous* merit. They are long in the limbs and every proper bathing .suit terminates at the knee.«. if not sooner. The young ladies on the Sonoma who merited the wrath of the captain of that vessel should have known bptter than to appear in the tank in pajamas. But possibly the captain was right. Who knows but tliKt had lie permitted any deviation from bathing suits some of his women passengers might have had the Phamp lessness to plunge in their ball gowns? Queries Answered ELECTRICAL, EXECUTIONS — Subscriber. City. Electrical executions in place of hanpiiv; as capital punishment Is lv fnrea in New York* New Jersey. Massachusetts. Ohio. North Caro lina, South Carolina ami Kentucky * * # DAWSOV CITY- I. M. C, San ITafa»l. P*w son city Iβ ii»t in Alaska. It is in the Yukon district, Cauada. * • » PRESSURE—A. S.. City. Tne atmospheric pressure at th» earths surface 13 14.73 pounds to the square inch. * # ♦ THE MACHINE—E. W. E.. Citr. The term "machine," as applied to a political party was first. •Mβ by Aaron Burr, who declared when he OT the party jroitijj into the hnndß of profes sional politicians tUat these had become "the machinery of Uμ party." * -::• # THE SEVEN SEAR-E. VT. H.. City. The "seven sens" arc. in the ordinary reckoning: The North Atlantic, South A Mantle. North Pacific, South Pacific, Arctic, Antarctic and Indian oceans. * # # TfTE PACIFIC—A. W. F.. City. The steamer Pacific- was wrecked while on a trip from Victo ria. B. C. to thU city in collision with the ship Orpheus, off Cape Flattery, at 0:."0 p. m.. Nr. vember 4. 1575. of the 189 persons on board, only two HCfl saved. * * V- T.ATIN QUOTATION —R.. Cit.r. "Non e*o ventoaae plebis eisfTratria renor," in from the of Horace, and means: Ido not bunt for, or court the votes of the light and rearing ralv ble. of the mob that ts ch-..igeable as the wind " * ♦ # .TUPTTCEP—C. C. Point Rlchmonfl. and 7. J?w Petalutna. The justices of t*ie supreme court the United States are: H. P. White (chief Joo ticeK J. McKenna. O. W. Holmes. W U. Pay H. H. Lurton. C. E. Hughes. W. Van Deranter, J. R. I.amar and M. Pitney. * * «■ STATE?— ,T. H.. Petalntna. The United States has 48 state*, two districts, Columbia and Alaska, and one territory, Hawaii. * * * REPRESENTATIVES .T. n. P<-talums. The number of representatives 1n conpress Is 392. After March 4 of the current year the number of r<-preM>ntatlTes will be 435. under the new con gressional apportionment act. * * * FOUR OF A KIND- It. J. U, San Joe.?. "Fmir of a kind in cribbage." exelusire of other cards count 12 for all except the?, which count 20 * * # AMENDMENTS— If. S. M.. City. There ha** ner>n 15 araenduients to the constitution of the I. nitfd States. * # * VICE PRESIDENT—W. S. M.. Cltr. ThTe nay no tie* presi.imit of tbc United States 'on January T2. 1913. * # * r ARGKST COUNTIES-n. S. p.. Vl<it«r»on \ alley, City. Tup ihree largeet cogntleß in Call foreia tre: San Bernardino. 2(>.005 .square miles; luyo, and Kern 8,139 * * « XICKELS-A. T. SL. Smp*. The sUtera-nt ttiat yrvi heard that nieffia or \vn> i-ntumand sn extraordinary proiniuin is based en the fact that there was pnb!fsbe<] [ n all *»,istfrn paper sereral months ngo an it'-ni t-. tit* effect that ' - lfllO nlekelo sre worth $T»V.->O." irrm «ac correct for l.fllf* n'ekpiii a t 5 ients each are w.-i r th ex actly $9J..")«. * * * COUSINS—M. o. C. < iry. Tiicre is no law In Californin th;it ppobfblta c-mslim of tnv from marrying. There is a bill on that subject befote the sitting legislator*. * * * BACKSTAMPING—I>., Phoenix. Ariz. "Ba^k stamplßß" on first class mail has been dis continued becmi.x.-- it t.«>fe up ton much time without corresponding benefit!'. a # # CENTS AMI pound—Curlons. City. It takes 120 fcmne 1 (■■•n; pieces to weigh one po'«n<l and nearly 70 ntekehi i<> make the same weight. * * * THE VL\<; -A. P. C, City—The rule erally followed f..p maftlng an American tinW U that e*CB >tv:v-. altenMtC red nnd white, should be half *s> many inches wide as the flajj In TUe union, nr n-ld. should be one-third the lfnjtth of the flag and 'Bcven strlneis in width. * * * A ZUBEI.DA—C. B. C,.. City. The name IH t>#lda does not appear in any of the books of reference.