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The San Francisco call. [volume] (San Francisco [Calif.]) 1895-1913, February 11, 1913, Image 4

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TUESDAY
THE^CALL
"AN INDEPENDENT NEWSPAPER—TELE NEWS
PAPER OF AUTHORITY"
name of* Diaz seems again to have
j become the most potent on the Mexican
j tongue after nearly three years of strife,
■ — '—' revolution, destruction of property of
natives and foreigners bloodshed, disaster, for years the situation has been
acute; it has been made more acute by the events of Sunday. The United
States can only watch with the keenest eyes, hoping that Mexico's govern
mental feet may find some firm gronnd in the quicksands—may find it soon
enough to avoid intervention on our part. But the prospect is not encourag
ing; it is likely that there will be worse times in Mexico before there are
Madero came to the front in May, 1910. when he entered the presidential
campaign against that iron handed and invincible candidate. President Diaz,
uncle of the man who appears now as Madero's nemesis. At the June election,
was to have been expected, Diaz was re-elected over Madero. In Novem
ber, 1911', the Madero rebellion began in earnest. In May, 1911. Diaz resigned.
A year of rebellion had broken that stout old man, leonine alike in his severity
and in his firmness and strength and cruelty. In August, 1911, Madero was
elected president.
Rut the Mexicans, as with most peoples in like circumstances, had got the.
revolution habit. Once Madero was no longer leading a revolt, but heading
a p.vcrnmcitf, his erstwhile followers began to fall away from him. Many of
them were against him in the riot of Sunday. These rebels within the rebel
lion hold that Madero has broken faith with them; the loyal Madero sup
porters can point to the incontrovertible fact that these accusers have broken
faith with Madero.
President Taft's dilemma is serious. The United States has declared that
no other nation shall interfere in affairs on the American continent. In
making that position effective, it tacitly agrees to keep the peace of that
jurisdiction. It has guaranteed at least to protect, as far as international law
demands, the property of foreigners on the American continent. Not to do
that would be to compound the felonies of other American nations, to aid
and abet wanton peoples in their disorders and national crimes. Mexico has
been the thorn in the side of the United States, and Madero could do little to
assuage the sharpness of its sting. With Mexico again in revolt, the thorn
will pierce deeper, unless the new Diaz has his uncle's firmness and power and
can quickly convince all those who rebel against him that he is the Law.
Madero's usefulness seems at an end. It will be more difficult for him to
recover what he lost in a few hours on Sunday than it was for him to achieve
his distinction, difficult as that was.
And with less than a month in the White House left him. President Taft
may have presented to him again the most serious problem that has perplexed
his administration: Shall the United States troops march into Mexico and
shall the United States army become the police force to protect and carry
out the Monroe doctrine?
Madero's Fall Puts
Mexican Question
Up to Taft Again
University of California, three are Cali
fornians, two by birth and breeding, the
; third by adoption. Those six are Robert
— '■ ■ ' Herrick, Mrs. Edith Wharton, George
Cable, Edward Steward White, Frank Norris and Jack London. Norris and
London are native Californians; White has for several years past been a
resident of California, living at Santa Barbara. Cable is a southerner, his chief
work depicting New Orleans and Louisiana; Mrs. Wharton is an easterner,
a novelist of New York city life; and Herrick is of Chicago, his peculiar
literary field being Chicago and the middle west in its more sophisticated
aspect. A Herrick hero, for instance, will be indicted for violating the Sher
man anti-trust law.
Of these writers M. Roz said:
"l am now assembling the material for r- new book, which I shall
publish in France, first as essays in Le Revue dcs Deux Mondes, then
in a volume. This will treat of those I regard as your great American
novelists. I sh:<ll discuss and seek to interpret among others. Robert Her
rick. Mrs. Kdith Wharton. George Cable, Stewart Edward White, Frank
Norris, .lack London. All are distinctively American: all are literary artists,
and each is different from the other. There is variety in their writing
because the life in this nation is inherently varied. The woodsman of
the west is not like the business man of Chicago. Yet each is American.
Each is a type. Just now 1 have finished a critical study of 'The Octopus,"
Frank Norris* book. How different it is from 'The Blazed Trail' or from
•The Call of the Wild.' which is translated in French."
Those six are not the only authors the French essayist will discuss, but it
is significant that among those names he mentioned as occurring most readily
in his mind were the three California writers.
The novel is the reflection of life. People are selected by the artist and
woven into a moving tale that attracts with its passion, its force, its appeal.
Life in California is in a state of flux, formative, eager, passionate, pictur-
Kie; nature in California is varied, with the sublimity of the mountains and
wistful appeal of the desert to stir the imagination.
Three Californians
On NL Roz's List
Of Literary Distinction
in such places as may be deemed advis
j able. This indorsement comes from
B | Lieutenant Duncan Matheson, the cap
~ == - able officer in charge of tbe traffic squad.
lie ought to know. The purpose of the "fixed post" is to keep a uniformed
policeman in a definite place during certain hours so that people may find
him easily. His business is chiefly to give information, and most of those
who apply to him arc strangers to the city. The visitor, especiallj** the woman
visitor, is loath to appeal to passersby; nobody hesitates a"bout asking a
Under existing conditions, the traffic policeman is the easiest to find;
he must often delay his work of keeping traffic moving while he stops to
answer questions. Observation shows that the traffic policeman on a busy
downtown crossing averages ten inquiries an hour—and sometimes the infor
mation seeker has a string of questions to put:
Here is Lieutenant Matheson's letter on the subject:
Editor Call: The purpose of "fixed posts" for patrolmen is to give
correct information to visitors and strangers, thus insuring courtesy and
protection.
Traffic officers are frequently criticised for giving information re
quested and the problem is a serious one from a traffic standpoint, as
the inquiries are Increasing and will continue to increase until the close '
of the exposition.
"Fixed posts," or what might be termed information booths or bureaus,
with telephone service in charge of a uniformed officer at proper points
will solve the problem. DUNCAN MATHESON.
Lieutenant in Charge of Traffic Squad.
San Francisco, February 10.
The Call recommends that the police commissioners take early action to
meet this public need.
Police Approve The
Call's Suggestion
As to "Fixed Posts"
I the Santa Fe and the Western Pacific.
i Soon there is to be another, the Central
} Pacific. This new addition will be ac
~~ ~ ' quired without the effort of road build
merely by the action of a group of lawyers working together, their work
overseen by courts and commissioners. Whether the addition will be real
or nominal is another matter. Attorney General Wickersham says it will be
real, even "ideal." Let us hope that he is a true prophet.
The Central Pacific railroad is to be "unscrambled" from the Southern
Pacific system, and will be an integral part of the Union Pacific, although
operated independently. This is to be done in obedience to the decision of
the United States supreme court, which held that the combination of the
Southern Pacific (which is, speaking by the card, the Sunset route of the
Harriman system*) and the Central Pacific (the Ogden route), was in restraint
of trade and in violation of the Sherman law.
The Central Pacific will be owned by the Union Pacific and will be that
line's western extension into the rich California field. The Southern Pacific
will be independent, but there is talk that it might be purchased by the Rock
Island, giving that line a Pacific coast extension from New Orleans and the
Owing to the supervision which the interstate commerce commission
exercisei over railroad rates, there is little opportunity for rate competition,
the commission holding the rates down so there is little room for fluctuation
of their charges; but there can always be competition of service, and that is
a thing of importance to the shipp--
Does California Get
New Road When S.P.-
U.P. Are Unscrambled?
EDITORIAL PAGE OF THE GALL
FERRY TALES
NOW comes a wail from an out of
town correspondent signing him
self "Frequent Visitor" and com
plaining that in the ferry depot there
is no waiting room for the use of
men. He missed his train, it appears,
and had to wait two hours for the
next.
"I had been told." he said, "that I
could make the trip by streetcar from
Third street to the ferry in five min
utes. Several tests showed this to be
a reasonably safe margin. The other
day, to make sure, I allowed myself
10 minutes and the wretched car took
Just one minute longer than that. I
had two hours to wait. I did not care
to go up town again and put in the
time around the ferry depot and I
want to tell you that it was the long
est two hours I ever spent and the
most uncomfortable.
"The inside waiting rooms offer the
comfort of warmth but they are not
available to the traveler until within
15 minutes or so before his boat leaves
and to a man waiting to meet some
body on an incoming train they are
barred altogether. Outside these wait
ing rooms are a few hard benches, so
fcoeated that they get the full benefit
of every draft that blows through the
building. A strong man in good health
might be able to spend half an hour
on one of the exposed seats without
contracting an absolutely fatal chill,
but even at that it would be a tedious
task as the lighting arrangements are
such that he is denied even the solace
of reading.
"I voted for equal suffrage and am
glad to see that the state has provided
a real waiting room ln the depot for
the women. Won't you please print
tills and ask the women to use the
power we helped them to acquire In
persuading the harbor commissioners
to provide a waiting room for men?"
Until six years ago there was no
waiting room in the ferry depot for
anybody. The harbor commission then
In charge remodeled one of the numer
ous waste spaces on the upper deck
of the building and fitted up the pres
ent women's rest room. Comfortable
rugs were put on the floors and a lib
eral supply of real easy chairs in
stalled. There were tables at which
those waiting could read or write and
a matron to see that everything was
kept in good order.
To close this room now would cause
a riot. It was one of the best improve
ments made in the ferry depot since
its completion. The out of town cor
respondent who wants a similar room
for the men has voiced the plea of a
great army.
* * *
As custodians of the ferry depot, the
harbor commissioners have it in their
power to comply with this request,
which is not a new one. As a plan for
securing action on their part, let me
make a suggestion:
Each of the harbor commissioners is
provided with a large and comfortably
furnished office on the second floor of
the building. In each office there are
comfortable chairs and a leather cov
ered lounge. There is steam heat,
electric lights and telephone service in
each room. The next man from out of
town who has two hours' time to kill
around the ferry depot can help in the
work of attracting attention In the
right quarter to the need for a men's
waiting room by calling on one of the
commissioners and devoting the two
hours to discussing the matter.
In this way the -ommissloners will
gradually become impressed with the
outside point of view and the man who
had to wait will be able to pass the
time in the comfort of a well appointed
lounge.
Of course, the harbor commissioners
may not like this, but that is just the
point. The less they like it the sooner
you will get your waiting room. Try
it and let me know the result of your
first call.
A native not known in the local
art world was crossing the bay the
other evening with a homeward bound
New Yorker.
"Why don't you come to New
York?" asked the Gothamlte. "You'd
do some real work if you did."
"New York?"' The native laughed.
"Not for me. This is the land for an
artist. His soul would starve In New
York."
"That," said the New Yorker, "is just
where you are wrong. 1 know Cali
Old Man World's Busy Day
Everybody's Forum
SOME MISTAKES OF BERWICK
Editor Call: In your issue of Satur
day, February 8, I find some misstate
ments of fact which, with your indul
gence, I conceive It to be my duty to
the state that employs me to correct.
They were contained ln a letter from
Mr. Edward Berwick entitled, "Indus
trial Accident Insurance." and are to
this effect: That an initial appropria
tion of $437,130 is asked for by the in
dustrial accident board for establishing
a state insurance business and that a
plan was broached for establishing
state hospitals through the counties,
thus duplicating the present county
hospitals, with no guarantee that the
new institutions would be any better
than the old ones.
The industrial accident board has
asked the legislature to empower it to
establish a state compensation insur
ance fund, ln competition with other
insurance carriers, to the end that
employers may secure compensation
coverage for their employes at what it
is reasonably worth to do the insuring.
For this purpose the board has asked
for an appropriation of $100,000 to con-
stitute a reserve or surplus out of
which to pay any compensations that
might become due and payable before
such a reserve or surplus can be con
served from the premium receipts.
Ordinary prudence requires this.
To carry the fund while it is build
ing up a business, over a probationary
period across which every similar en
terprise, whether public or private,
must be helped, the industrial acci
dent board has asked for $136,840 out
of which to meet the central office and
promotion expenses for the first two
fiscal years. This makes a total of
$230,840 asked for as an initial appro
priation and not $437,130 as stated by
Mr. Berwick. Inasmuch as the pro
posed schedule of appropriations asked
for by the industrial accident board
was furnished Mr. Berwick in a type
written document this statement on
his part was, to say the least, exceed
ingly careless.
No system of state hospitals through
out the counties was broached at the
meeting referred to by Mr. Berwick or
at any other. Nothing of the kind is
or has been under contemplation; but
it was stated that tentative arrange
ments were making with the faculty
fornia. It's the most beautiful land in
the world. It's paradise, but all the
beauty of its skies, its forests, its
deserts and beaches and mountains
isn't worth a whoop as an inspiration
for real work as long as one is in the
midst of it. To live here for a few
years and drink it all in—fiat's all
right. But one has to get a*w_y from
It. and in an environment that makes
one long to be back again before the
real inspiration comes. You think it
over and you'll see that I'm right.
Come to New York and get hungry for
California." LINDSAY CAMPBELL.
ABE MARTIN
|l Th" O. K. Planner store is servih"
jlcoffee with' Its rolls. A Christmas tie
jj seldom binds.
\— . ' ... ,--■■: ■•y-:, ~
LETTERS FROM READERS OF THE CALL
of the medical college of the Univer
sity of California whereby, also with
the aid of the state board of health, it
was hoped that the fund would be
able to secure the services of reliable
medical and surgical practitioners
throughout the state who would send
their very serious cases to the new
hospital to be erected in San Francisco
by private donation, but to be under
the control of the faculty of said col
i lege, whereby the best medical and
surgical science .of the time can be
made available to seriously Injured
persons, whether insured by the state
fund or other insurance carrier, at
prices that would be charged a mid
dle class citizen for similar services.
It is the conviction of the industrial
accident board that the first duty which
compensation owes to an injured em
ploye is to exhaust the resources of
medical and surgical science in an
effort to restore the hurt man as near
ly as may be to the condition he was
in before he was hurt, and the board
has come to believe that the $100 limit
not infrequently stands between the
Injured employe and that consumma
tion: that there is at least a tendency
to lop off members that might be saved
because of the $100 limit upon medical
and surgical attendance which now ex
ists in the act. We think that ar
rangements can be made, as above out
lined, whereby, with a provision in the
act that all medical and surgical bills
shall be approved by the industrial ac
cident board before being allowed and
paid, will give hurt men the treatment
they need without subjecting employ
ers or their insurance carriers to ex
tortionate charges at the hands of
members of a profession more noted
than any other for an unselfish devo
tion to the,highest interests of human
kind. So safeguarded, the industrial
accident board is of the opinion that
the cost of medical and surgical at
tendance of the highest and best char
acter will not, as a whole, be greater
than under the present limitation.
Workmen's compensation is an in
stitution having for its dual object
justice and social self-defense. It seeks
justice for injured workers on the
impregnable ground that he who has
contributed a hand, an arm, a leg, an
eye or a life to an industry is as much
entitled to be recompensed for his
contribution as he who has contrib
uted labor, or capital, raw material or
managerial ability. It Is an act of
social self-defense for the reason that
industrial accident has, heretofore, been
the third greatest cause of poverty in
the world and whatever tends to crowd
any considerable portion of mankind
below the poverty line/tends to destroy
social order and to make life and prop
erty insecure. Every child born below
the poverty line is a menace to every
child born above that line. Every man
of vision sees this and doubts not.
But compensation without insurance
at what it is worth to do the Insuring
were an injustice, and the world has
found no good way to afford this in
surance at what it is worth without
the state taking a hand in it ln defense
of its people. As first I gave the in
surance companies the benefit of any
doubt I might have and refused to af
firm that the rates made for California
are extortionate. I now believe them
to be so as to liability, and as to com
pensation evidence accumulates that
rates were made either through a
panical fear born of ignorance or with
the deliberate purpose of making com
pensation unpopular with the people
and so killing it off.
As for liability insurance. It is unfit
to live. It is Immoral in principle and
in application outrageous. It makes
scoundrels out of good men. While
some companies are better than others,
the best is only as much betier than
the worst as the worst will permit the
best to be and remain in the busi
ness, and their mere goodness will not
save one of them in the last great day.
Liability insurance has been practically
driven out of Europe. No insurance
man of character dares defend It on
principle, and It is opportune for Cali
fornia to outlaw it at this session of
the legislature in the only way pos
sible, by making compensation compul
sory; but this should be only by mak
ing compensation insurance as acces
sible as Are insurance and at what it
costs the state to do the insuring. More
than this no employer has a right to
demand. A. J. PILLSBURY.
Piedmont, Feb. 10.
Proposed Legislation
BILLS UNDER CONSIDERATION TO BE IMPARTIALLY ANALYZED BY
THE CALL FOR THE LAYMAN'S BENEFIT
GEORGE A. VAN SMITH
The dual legislative session is on
trial in California. That trial was
ordered by the people. They are to
constitute the jury which will make
It an honored and useful adjunct of
government or banish it from Cali
fornia and permanency among the ac
complishments of progressive thought.
The qualified electors of California
by an overwhelming majority decided
that their legislative session should
be-divided into two periods separated
by a recess of not less than 30 days.
The first period was to be devoted
to the introduction of bills and final
consideration of emergency and cur
rent support measures only.
The recess was designed to enable
the people to consider pending legis
lation and give concrete expression
to their approval or disapproval when
the legislature reconvened. _*
The theory underlying the bifurcated
session plan involved the assumption
that the people, if given the opportu
nity, would take an initial interest in
their government—that they would at
tempt to shape legislation in the mak
ing.
Special interests of whatever char
acter were always able to make them
selves heard and not infrequently felt
by legislatures considering measures
affecting them.
By the double session it was pro
posed to give the great body of the
people the advantages enjoyed by
organization of capital or common in
terest, represented by trained and
generally well paid lobby organiza
tions. Presumably it was an apprecia
tion of that proposal that actuated the
127,000 voters who gave it the stamp
of their approval in October, 1911.
If the theory of the bifurcated ses
sion be only approximately realized
in its practical application, the ad
ditional expense involved will be more
than justified. If popular pressure
shall result in the defeat of one bad
measure, without resort to the referen
dum, or in the symmetrical amendment
and enactment of a single measure for
the general good, the expense accounts
will be squared.
The legislature has met for the in
troduction of bills and adjourned until
March 10 for the people's verdict on
the 4,000 pending measures.
It has attempted to make some pro
vision for acquainting the people with
the import of those measure*. Such
provisions as the legislature has been
AIMED SHOTS
LIBEL ON THE BARBER
The barber when a voting man
High principle controls;
And yet 'tis often said that he's
A trimmer of the polls!
* * *
The new paper money which the gov
ernment is circulating is smaller than
the old bills. Trying to make It pro
portionate to its purchasing power—
what?
# * «
AUTOMATIC MURDER
A dispatch from Butte, Mont., tells
that a 3 year old boy found an auto
matic revolver in his father's trunk,
took it up, pointed it at his mother,
fired and killed her.
People can not rock the boat at all
seasons of the year, for that is a sum
mer pastime; in the winter months they
Keep carbolic acid on the mantel piece,
between the cough medicine and the
soothing syrup, and they put tbe
household revolver where it can be
found by children.
The fool killer is the most idle work
man in the world. He never kills any
of his special prey. Really, if there is
such a phrase as "fool killer" the word
"fool" is an adjective, modifying the
noun, showing just what kind of a
killer the particular killer is. The
killer who is a fool is the man or
woman who puts the carbolic bottle
next the paregoric (though, as a mat
ter of fact, there isn't much choice be
tween the two poisons) and the man
who leaves his revolver around where
it can be a plaything for children.
No-one needs a revolver in his house.
If a burglar comes in a police whistle
is a better defensive weapon than a re
volver any night in the year. No
burglar, when he knows that an alarm
has been given, will linger around the
premises. If the burglar sees his vic
tim first the victim has no chance to
use his weapon any way, and if the
householder sees the burglar first he
can chase him away as effectively
without a weapon as with one.
Revolvers are appropriately the
property of soldiers, assassins, bur
glars, policemen and lion tamers. They
are not useful as furniture in a mod
ern flat, except for the purpose of some
such sickening tragedy as that at
Butte.
Woodrow Wilson is a conscientious
author. He is rewriting his inaugural
adfress, even though he doesn't have to
submit It to any publisher for ap
proval.
* • *
Richard Strauss wrote the theme for
his latest opera on his cuff. But most
of us don't wear those striped shirts
these days.
* # *
Has it occurred to you that Adolph
Sutro made his fame and fortune tun
neling under the earth, while his
grandson of the same name is cutting
his swath up in the air?
* # #
Out in California the interurban
rivalry is chiefly concerned over popu
lation, harbor facilities and postal sav
ings banks receipts, but New York and
Chicago haven't anything left to excite
their mutual jealousy but the com
parative records of their arson gangs.
* * *
LIKE ROBIN HOOD. ROB THE
ROBBERS
Two young men of Los Angeles were
taken Into custody by the police on
suspicion of being "holdups." The
youths explained that they were.
Their vocation, they said, was to hold
up "holdup" men; that is, they fre
quented the "holdup" zones of the city
and, if accosted by a robber, they
would gently relieve him of his weapon
and his property.
The police believed it. ,
It is a neat scheme.
But what particular brand of holdup
men did these Los Angeles Robin
Hoods intend to rob? Undertakers, who
hold up the relatives of the dead; law
yers who up an unfortunate
client; chauffeurs who hold up passen
gers in taxlcabs; money lenders who
hold up the "salary man"?
There might be poetic justice in
such highway robbery.
But don't try it on our say so.
* * *
Chief of Police White's search for
department graft started at San Quen
tin. It would better end there.
* ♦ *
CLING TO THE PETTICOAT AND IT
WILL CLING TO YOU
A party on a disabled launch would
have been wrecked in the Golden gate
if one of the passengers, a woman,
had not waved a petticoat as a signal
of distress.
Now suppose it had been a really
fashionable "party—that is, garbed in
the garments of fashion—where could
a petticoat have been found among the
women passengers? None would have
been seen dead in a petticoat. So they
would have died without a petticoat.
As we have contended. It is best always
to stay a little bit out of fashion, par
ticularly in the matter of petticoats. '
I FEBRUARY 11, 1913
able to make may be of value to
students and trained investigators
spurred by direct interest. Since it
involves only the distribution of
copies of printed bills to libraries,
chambers of commerce, etc., in the
very nature of things, the general
public can derive only secondary if
any substantial benefits from it.
The Call gladly undertakes, as a duty
ft owes the public, to analyze the legis
lation proposed for the consideration of
the two houses when they reconvene
in March.
Analysis in this relation means ex
position. The Call will attempt to tell
the public what is proposed ln the wav
of statute and organic law changes'
that and no more.
Beginning tomorrow The Call
will present dally an exposition of
the provisions of pending bills,
constitutional amendments ant*
resolutions.
That exposition will be written
for the layman.
It will be written without bias
or the Inclusion of opinion.
It will be an honest and pain
staking attempt to assist the pub
lic—to arouse public Interest In
the government of this state.
Approximately 4.000 bills and reso
lutions are pending in the two houses.
Hundreds of them are duplicates.
Scores of bills have been Introduced
on a single subject,- «-
Hundreds of bills have no general
interest, relating as they do to details
of local government in the several
cdunties. Other hundreds of bills re
late to matters of court procedure or
are designed to cure the ills suffered
by some legislator-lawyers ln particu
lar cases.
Such measures The Call can not un
dertake to analyze in the four weeks
of the legislative interregnum. How
ever no California legislature has ever
been called upon to consider so many
bills directly affecting the whole
people, their morals, thetr financial,
commercial, industrial and social rela
tions.
These bills readily fall into general
classes and by classes The. Call will
endeavor to tell the people Just what
they provide, to the end that the
people, for the first time, may be ahle
to exert a direct and an intelligent
influence upon their representatives in
the legislature.
Queries Answered
BARLEY—Subscriber, Farmlngton. According
to a report of the MerrhontiT exchange, the
average price of harW in California between
188S and 1911 has been: 1910-11. $1.15.; 1900
10, $1.34%; 1908-09, $1.42%; 1907-08, $1.39%:
1900-07, $1.11%; 1905-06. $1.02%: 1904-6.'.
$1.13%; 1903-04. $1.09%: 1002-03, $1.10%;
1901-02, S3%c; 1900-01, 74%e; 1890-1900. 79r;
1898 99, $1.19; 1897-98, $l.oi; 1R96-97, 75c;
1895-96, i»94i9T., 77%r; 1893-94, 79%0;
1892-93, 85%ic; 1801-92. $I.oßi t ; 1890-91.
$1.39%; IS_9-CH>, 81% c; 18SS-89. 75% c.
# * #
PANAMA CANAL—L. A. #~ San Mateo.
Articles "dealing with the effect that the open
ing of the Panama canal will have on the pas
senger traffic between the Atlantic and Pacific
coast" have appeared in magaiiaes and other
publications. Consult Uie .ndex of periodical
literature to be seen in libraries.
* * *
MATTER—lnqnirer, City. Others than Mrs.
Eddy of Christian Science fame who hare de
clared that 'there is no such thing as matter"
are Gorglas of Leontinnm, Sicily: writers in
"On Nature," la the publications of the Eleatir
school aftd Jn "Absolute Sceptics," and bk
"Nihilism in Metaphysics."
• • • '
HORACE GREELEY—M. P.. Inglebrook.
Those who were candidates against Horace
Greeley when he was a candidate for president
in MT3 were: l". s. Grunt. Charles O'Conno"
James Black, Thomas A. Hendricks. B. Gratz
Brown, Charles J. Jenkins auil David Davis.
*•**•*
KETCHEL—L. P. F.. City. Stanislaus Kiecal.
or Stanley Ketchel. and William, or "BUlv "
Papke fought four times—June 4, 1908, at Mil
waukee; September 7, 1908, at Los Angeles;
November 26. 1908, at San Francisco, and Julr,
1909, at Colma.
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POKER—OId Subs-Tiber. City. The value . f
the cards at poker are in the following order:
No pairs (highest card winsi. one pair, two
pairs, three at triplets, the straight or sequence,
the flush, the full, fours. Uie straight flush and
the royal flush.
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SAI.TON SEA— Sacramento. The
Salton seas is a sink in the Imperial valley. Cal.,
supposed to have been at one time an inland v.i.
It is 100 miles long by 40 miles wide.
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BAY DISTRICT TRACK—R. 0.. Oakland. The
last meet at Uie Bay Distlct racetrack iv San
Francisco was on May 27, 1806. It was called
the "Farewell handicap."
4t M m
POLTERGEIST — Subscriber. City. "Polter
geist" is a German word which means hob
goblin.
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r_VORCF>-T. S. A.. City. The fact that a
woman is tired of married life would not be a
ground for an action for divorce in California
Tbe grounds for divorce in this state are cruelty,
desertion for one year, neglect for one year,
habitual drunkenness and conviction of a felocv.
§} ay ■ a)
POSTAL SAVINGS BANK—U. F. G., City.
Inder the postal savings bank system no deposit
loss than $1 is accepted. Deposits must not
exceed $100 per month and no account will he
allowed to run more than $500, exclusive of
accrued interest.
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PILOT AND CAPTAIN—F. J. H.. City. The
master of a vessel never relinquishes command
of his vessel, although the pilot conies on board
and takes charge. The pilot would not have th«
right to put the captain or master In Irons If
he should interfere with him after he has takeu
charge, nor would the master have the right to
put the pilot in irons, hut he would have the
right to discharge him if he did anything wrong
after taking charge, so far as navigating the
vessel goes. If the pilot committed some serious
act against the penal laws the matter might
be justified ln putting hjm in Irons.
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COMPASS—F. J. H.. City. The ship's com
pass does not always point to the true north.
There Is a variation for which allowance must
be made by the navigator. V
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CITIZENSHIP— A. S. O. N., Noyo. If a for
eigner comes Into the United States with his
family and becomes a naturalised citizen. hi«
children, if under 21 years of age and residing
In the United States, are considered citizen*,
though born ln a foreign country, and need net
make declaration of IntenUon.
• • *
SPEED OF STEAMERS—T_, City. There Is
no record of the speed of the several steamer-*
that ply the buy of San Francisco about whli-li
you make inquiry.
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JETTIES—C. C. Point Loma*. None of th
late publications on the subject say that th-
Eads Jetties near New Orleans are "• failure.''
* * *
ZAZA—M. A. P.. City. Florence Roberts did
not play "Zaza" at the California prior to April
18, 1906. She played "Zira."
£ 7 0\ **%W m
NAIL CUTTING—C. 8.. City. Tbe folklore
in regard to nail cutting Is:
A man better ne'er been born
Than have his nails on a Sunday shorn.
Cut them on Monday, cut them for health:
Cut them on Tuesday. «ut them tot wealth:
Cut them on Wednesday, cut them for uew«:
Cut them on Thursday for a pair of new shoe*:
Cut them on Friday, cut them for sorrow :
Cut them on Saturday, see your sweetheart to
morrow.
Martin O'Shea
Martin Q'Shea with his heart on hi£
sleeve
Watches the swallows fly under the
cave;
Whistles while counting them, smiles
at his whim.
But what are the swallows at twilight
to him?
Martin O'Shea with a straw in his
mouth
Watches the gathering clouds in the
south;
Smiles at the#sky and the darkening
day.
But what is the weather to Martin
O'Shea?
What's nature to him, whether happy
or vext.
But a recess between the last girl an*
th© next?
They welcome him gladly; he leaves
them with glee—
But what under heaven Is Martin to me ?
—From "The Youth Replies and Other
Verses," by Louis How. - *

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